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Flaxseed oil

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724475/blood-profile-and-meat-quality-of-holstein-friesian-steers-finished-on-total-mixed-ration-or-flaxseed-oil-supplemented-pellet-mixed-with-reed-canary-grass-haylage
#1
D T Utama, S G Lee, K H Baek, W S Chung, I A Chung, D I Kim, G Y Kim, S K Lee
Holstein-Friesian steer beef production is renowned globally as a secondary product of the milk industry. Grass feeding is a common practice in raising Holstein steers because of its low cost. Furthermore, grass feeding is an alternative way to produce beef with a balanced n-6 to n-3 fatty acids (FAs) ratio. However, the performance and meat quality of Holstein-Friesian cattle is more likely to depend on a high-quality diet. The aim of this study was to observe whether feeding two mixed diets; a corn-based total mixed ration (TMR) with winter ryegrass (Lolium perenne) or flaxseed oil-supplemented pellets with reed canary grass haylage (n-3 mix) provided benefits on carcass weight, meat quality and FA composition compared with cattle fed with reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) haylage alone...
July 20, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720931/quality-attributes-of-dahi-prepared-from-milk-fortified-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-phytosterols-and-polydetxrose
#2
N Veena, B Surendra Nath, Bandla Srinivas, B V Balasubramanyam
In the present study, dahi prepared using milk fortified with omega-3 fatty acids (flaxseed oil), phytosterols and soluble fibre (polydextrose) through an oil-in-water emulsion was evaluated for the physico-chemical and sensory quality. The levels of fortificants in fortified dahi were also estimated. Fortification process did not affect the degree of fermentation in terms of pH and acidity. Sensory scores of fortified and control dahi did not differ significantly. Fortified dahi had lower viscosity, firmness and consistency, and higher water holding capacity (WHC) compared to control; however, significant differences were not observed in firmness and consistency values...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716357/clinical-and-metabolic-response-to-flaxseed-oil-omega-3-fatty-acids-supplementation-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulcer-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#3
Zahra Soleimani, Fatemeh Hashemdokht, Fereshteh Bahmani, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: Data on the effects of flaxseed oil omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on wound healing and metabolic status in subjects with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) are scarce. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of flaxseed oil omega-3 fatty acids supplementation on wound healing and metabolic status in subjects with DFU. METHODS: The current randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted among 60 subjects (aged 40-85years old) with grade 3 DFU...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687939/effects-of-different-fat-sources-saturated-and-unsaturated-on-reproductive-performance-and-biological-indices-of-ewes-during-flushing-period
#4
Amir Hossein Asgari Safdar, Ali Asghar Sadeghi, Mohammad Chamani
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding different sources of fat during flushing period on the reproductive performance, lambing percent, and twin numbers of Afshari ewes. A total of 84 ewes (mean weight 48 ± 3 kg; age: 3-4 years) were divided into seven groups of 12 animals and received flushing-specific rations for 5 weeks. The control group just received a basic ration (non-flushing). Lipid sources were calcium salt of palm oil (CaP), pure palm oil (PO), calcium salt of flaxseed (CaFL), calcium salt of sunflower oil (CaSF), flaxseed oil (FLO), and sunflower oil (SFO)...
July 7, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687388/flaxseed-gum-in-combination-with-lemongrass-essential-oil-as-an-effective-edible-coating-for-ready-to-eat-pomegranate-arils
#5
Basharat Yousuf, Abhaya Kumar Srivastava
Flaxseed gum (FSG) in combination with lemongrass essential oil (LGEO) was investigated for coating of ready-to-eat pomegranate arils. FSG was used at 0.3% and 0.6% concentrations and with both concentrations LGEO was incorporated at levels of 0ppm, 200ppm, 500ppm and 800ppm. Changes in headspace gases, physicochemical, microbiological and sensory attributes of pomegranate arils stored at 5°C were studied on different days of analysis during the 12day storage period. Coatings containing LGEO were effective in reducing total plate count and yeast and mold populations...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665260/weight-changes-and-metabolic-outcomes-in-calorie-restricted-obese-mice-fed-high-fat-diets-containing-corn-or-flaxseed-oil-physiological-role-of-sugar-replacement-with-polyphenol-rich-grape
#6
Hastimansooreh Ansar, Negar Zamaninour, Abolghassem Djazayery, Hamideh Pishva, Mohammadreza Vafa, Ramin Mazaheri Nezhad Fard, Aydin Dilmaghanian, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Farzad Shidfar
OBJECTIVE: Because diet components are important during dieting in obesity treatment, we examined possible beneficial effects of substituting corn oil and sugar with flaxseed oil and grape in calorie-restricted high-fat diets on weight changes as well as improvement in some metabolic markers and related gene expression. METHODS: Seventy-five C57BL/6J male mice were given free access to a high-fat (36% of energy from fat) diet containing corn oil plus sugar (CO + S)...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643574/stability-and-in-vitro-release-behaviour-of-encapsulated-omega-fatty-acid-rich-oils-in-lentil-protein-isolate-based-microcapsules
#7
C Chang, M T Nickerson
The objective of this study was to investigate the use of a lentil protein isolate-based microcapsule design as a platform for entrapping different types of omega fatty acid-rich oil (e.g. canola, fish and flaxseed oils) and to characterise differences in the physical properties (e.g. moisture content, water activity, colour, wettability, particle size, surface oil and entrapment efficiency), storage stability and in vitro release behaviour of the entrapped oils. All microcapsules displayed similar physical properties regardless of the core material...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619236/the-effect-of-isolated-soy-protein-adjunctive-with-flaxseed-oil-on-markers-of-inflammation-oxidative-stress-acute-phase-proteins-and-wound-healing-of-burn-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Siavash Babajafari, Masoumeh Akhlaghi, Seyed Mohammad Mazloomi, Mehdi Ayaz, Ali Noorafshan, Peyman Jafari, Abdollah Hojhabrimanesh
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to determine the effect of isolated soy protein (ISP) and flaxseed oil (FO) on inflammatory and oxidative stress indices, acute phase proteins, and wound healing of burn patients. METHODS: One hundred eighty-eight patients were assessed for eligibility in this randomized controlled trial. Of these, seventy-three eligible patients (total burn surface area 20-50%) were randomly assigned to 3 isocaloric groups, labeled as control (wheat flour+corn oil (CO)), ISP+FO, and ISP+CO, to receive these nutrients for 3 weeks...
June 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578030/behaviour-of-non-oxidized-and-oxidized-flaxseed-oils-as-models-of-omega-3-rich-lipids-during-in-vitro-digestion-occurrence-of-epoxidation-reactions
#9
Bárbara Nieva-Echevarría, Encarnación Goicoechea, María D Guillén
Fresh and partially oxidized flaxseed oil, as models of omega-3 rich lipids, were submitted to in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Hydrolysis level, lipid composition and oxidative status of the samples before and after digestion were studied by Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance ((1)H NMR) and Solid Phase Microextraction-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (SPME-GC/MS). Although a great degree of lipolysis was reached in both kinds of samples after digestion, it was somewhat lower in the digests of oxidized flaxseed oil...
July 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554628/effect-of-the-presence-of-protein-on-lipolysis-and-lipid-oxidation-occurring-during-in-vitro-digestion-of-highly-unsaturated-oils
#10
Bárbara Nieva-Echevarría, Encarnación Goicoechea, María D Guillén
The effect of the presence of ovalbumin and soy protein isolate on lipolysis and oxidation taking place during in vitro gastrointestinal digestion of slightly oxidized sunflower and flaxseed oils was addressed. The extent of lipolysis, the molar proportions of acyl groups/fatty acids after digestion, and the oxidation products formed were studied by Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. The presence of proteins provoked a higher hydrolysis in triglycerides, a lower decrease of polyunsaturated chains, and a lower generation of oxidation compounds (conjugated dienes in chains having also hydroperoxy/hydroxy groups, epoxides and aldehydes); the formation of hydroxides was clearly favoured over that of hydroperoxides...
November 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534401/physical-and-oxidative-stability-of-flaxseed-oil-in-water-emulsions-fabricated-from-sunflower-lecithins-impact-of-blending-lecithins-with-different-phospholipid-profiles
#11
Li Liang, Fang Chen, Xingguo Wang, Qingzhe Jin, Eric Andrew Decker, David Julian McClements
There is great interest in the formulation of plant-based foods enriched with nutrients that promote health, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids. This study evaluated the impact of sunflower phospholipid type on the formation and stability of flaxseed oil-in-water emulsions. Two sunflower lecithins (Sunlipon 50 and 90) with different phosphatidylcholine (PC) levels (59 and 90%, respectively) were used in varying ratios to form emulsions. Emulsion droplet size, charge, appearance, microstructure, and oxidation were measured during storage at 55 °C in the dark...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507942/quality-properties-of-sesame-and-olive-oils-incorporated-with-flaxseed-oil
#12
Fataneh Hashempour-Baltork, Mohammadali Torbati, Sodeif Azadmard-Damirchi, Geoffrey Peter Savage
Purpose: Suitable ratio of essential fatty acids has an important role in maintaining good health. There is no pure oil with an ideal fatty acid composition and oxidative stability. The main goal of the present study was to evaluate the physical, chemical and nutritional properties of oil obtained by blending flaxseed oil as a rich source of ω3 fatty acids with sesame and olive oils. Methods: Three different ratios (65:30:5, 60:30:10 and 55:30:15) were prepared using olive, sesame and flaxseed oils. These mixtures were stored at 4°C and 24°C and their quality and physicochemical properties were determined by measuring the fatty acid composition, phenolic compound, peroxide, anisidine values and schaal tests...
April 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498489/application-of-edible-films-containing-oregano-origanum-vulgare-essential-oil-on-queso-blanco-cheese-prepared-with-flaxseed-linum-usitatissimum-oil
#13
Cristhiam Gurdian, Alexander Chouljenko, Kevin Mis Solval, Charles Boeneke, Joan M King, Subramaniam Sathivel
Fortification of queso blanco (QB) with flaxseed oil (FO) containing omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids may provide a functional food with health benefits such as improved cell, brain, and retina functionality, and protection against cardiovascular and immune-inflammatory diseases. However, QB experiences a short shelf life because of the early development of yeasts and molds and addition of FO may increase susceptibility to lipid oxidation. Oregano essential oil (OEO) is known for its antimicrobial and antioxidant properties, but due to its intense flavor compounds it may not be suitable for direct incorporation into QB...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490967/comparative-study-of-fatty-acid-composition-of-table-eggs-from-the-jeddah-food-market-and-effect-of-value-addition-in-omega-3-bio-fortified-eggs
#14
Shahida Aziz Khan, Aziz Khan, Sarah A Khan, Mohd Amin Beg, Ashraf Ali, Ghazi Damanhouri
Health consciousness has increased the desire of people around the world to consume functional foods. Omega-3 essential fatty acids are one among these beneficial and important health supplements without which a general predisposition to degenerative and stress related disorders can occur. Saudi Arabia has shown an alarming increase in obesity (Al-Nozha et al., 2005), diabetes (Alqurashi et al., 2011), and cardiovascular disease (Al-Nozha et al., 2004) in the last few decades mainly due to nutritional transitions and lifestyle alterations (Amuna and Zotor, 2008)...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480439/evaluation-of-crude-flaxseed-linum-usitatissimum-l-oil-in-burn-wound-healing-in-new-zealand-rabbits
#15
Katiba Beroual, Amir Agabou, Mohamed-Cherif Abdeldjelil, Naima Boutaghane, Saîd Haouam, Youcef Hamdi-Pacha
BACKGROUND: Burns are among the most prevalent injuries in humans with high cost in health care and heavy prolonged or permanent physical, psychological and social consequences. Commercial antimicrobial creams and dressing agents are unsuccessful in healing deep burn wounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study was conducted to assess the impact of crude linseed oil (LSO) topical application on burn wounds healing in rabbits in comparison with untreated wounds (NAT) and those treated with Vaseline gel (VAG) and Cicatryl-Bio ointment (CBO)...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470492/unsaturated-fatty-acids-improve-atherosclerosis-markers-in-obese-and-overweight-non-diabetic-elderly-patients
#16
Patrícia Amante de Oliveira, Cristiane Kovacs, Priscila Moreira, Daniel Magnoni, Mohamed Hassan Saleh, Joel Faintuch
BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated the benefits of replacing trans and saturated fats with unsaturated fatty acids on cardiovascular diseases. We aimed to demonstrate the effect of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat supplementation on the biochemical and endothelial markers of atherosclerotic disease in obese or overweight non-diabetic elderly patients. METHOD: Seventy-nine patients were randomly divided into three groups: flaxseed oil, olive oil, and sunflower oil; patients in each group received 30 mL of oil for 90 days...
May 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410665/impact-of-dietary-precursor-ala-versus-preformed-dha-on-fatty-acid-profiles-of-eggs-liver-and-adipose-tissue-and-expression-of-genes-associated-with-hepatic-lipid-metabolism-in-laying-hens
#17
M Neijat, P Eck, J D House
Dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA), including alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and preformed longer chain PUFA (LCPUFA, particularly docosahexaenoic acid, DHA) differ in their egg LCPUFA enrichment efficiency. However, mechanisms leading to these differences are unclear. To this end, omega-3 PUFA contents in different lipid classes, including triacylglycerol (TAG) and total phospholipid (PL) in yolk, liver and adipose, as well as the expression of key hepatic enzymes in lipid metabolism were evaluated in laying hens in response to changes in dietary supply...
April 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407657/the-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-e-co-supplementation-on-indices-of-insulin-resistance-and-hormonal-parameters-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Faraneh Afshar Ebrahimi, Mansooreh Samimi, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Mehri Jamilian, Hossein Akbari, Elham Rahmani, Shahnaz Ahmadi, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
This study was conducted to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on indices of insulin resistance and hormonal parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was done on 68 women diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria aged 18-40 years old. Participants were randomly assigned into 2 groups to receive either 1 000 mg omega-3 fatty acids from flaxseed oil containing 400 mg α-Linolenic acid plus 400 IU vitamin E supplements (n=34) or placebo (n=34) for 12 weeks...
June 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406725/flaxseed-and-buckwheat-supplemented-diets-altered-enterobacteriaceae-diversity-and-prevalence-in-the-cecum-and-feces-of-obese-mice
#19
Margaret Pulkrabek, Yeong Rhee, Penelope Gibbs, Clifford Hall
Dietary intake may cause variable bacterial prevalence in the gastrointestinal tract. The objective of this research was to determine the prevalence of Enterobacteriaceae in the cecum and feces and its relationship to weight changes following flaxseed-, health-promoting compounds of flaxseed-, or buckwheat-supplemented diets. Seventy-two C57BL/6J male mice were randomly assigned to a diet group and fed for 8 weeks: high fat (45% kcal fat); 10% whole flaxseed (45% kcal fat); 6% defatted flaxseed (45% kcal fat); 4% flaxseed oil (45% kcal fat); 10% buckwheat (45% kcal fat); and low fat (16% kcal fat) diet groups...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399949/in-ovo-exposure-to-omega-3-fatty-acids-does-not-enhance-omega-3-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-metabolism-in-broiler-chickens
#20
K Kanakri, J Carragher, B Muhlhausler, R Hughes, R Gibson
The content of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) in chicken meat can be boosted by feeding broilers a diet containing α-linolenic acid (ALA, from flaxseed oil), some of which is converted by hepatic enzymes to n-3 LCPUFA. However, most of the accumulated n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in meat tissues is still in the form of ALA. Despite this, the levels of chicken diets are being enhanced by the inclusion of vegetable and marine sources of omega-3 fats. This study investigated whether the capacity of chicken for n-3 LCPUFA accumulation could be enhanced or inhibited by exposure to an increased supply of ALA or n-3 LCPUFA in ovo...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
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