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Flaxseed oil

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914517/effect-of-flaxseed-oil-and-microalgae-dha-on-the-production-performance-fatty-acids-and-total-lipids-of-egg-yolk-and-plasma-in-laying-hens
#1
M Neijat, O Ojekudo, J D House
The incorporation of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the egg is dependent on both the transfer efficiency of preformed dietary omega-3 fatty acids to the eggs as well as endogenous PUFA metabolism and deposition. Employing an experimental design consisting of 70 Lohmann LSL-Classic hens (n=10/treatment) in a 6-week feeding trial, we examined the impact of graded levels of either flaxseed oil (alpha-linolenic acid, ALA) or algal DHA (preformed docosahexaenoic acid, DHA), each supplying 0.20%, 0...
December 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904000/effects-of-flaxseed-oil-on-serum-lipids-and-lipoproteins-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Maryam Mirfatahi, Hadi Tabibi, Alireza Nasrollahi, Mehdi Hedayati
INTRODUCTION: One of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease is lipid abnormalities among hemodialysis patients. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of flaxseed oil consumption on serum lipids and lipoproteins in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized double-blinded controlled trial, 34 hemodialysis patients were assigned to either the flaxseed oil or the control group. The patients in the flaxseed oil group received 6 g/d of flaxseed oil for 8 weeks, whereas the control group received 6 g/d of medium chain triglycerides oil...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885786/effects-of-flaxseed-oil-on-blood-hepcidin-and-hematologic-factors-in-hemodialysis-patients
#3
Hadi Tabibi, Maryam Mirfatahi, Mehdi Hedayati, Alireza Nasrollahi
Introduction In hemodialysis (HD) patients, one of the common complications is renal anemia. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the effects of flaxseed oil consumption on blood hepcidin and hematologic factors in HD patients. Methods In this randomized, double-blind, clinical trial, 38 HD patients were randomly assigned to either the flaxseed oil or the control group. The patients in the flaxseed oil group received 6 g/d flaxseed oil for 8 wk, whereas the control group received 6 g/d medium chain triglycerides (MCT) oil...
November 25, 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881297/a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-e-co-supplementation-on-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-gestational-diabetes
#4
Mehri Jamilian, Shahrzad Hashemi Dizaji, Fereshteh Bahmani, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Maryam Karamali, Maryam Akbari, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVES: Limited data are available for assessing the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on metabolic profiles and pregnancy outcomes in gestational diabetes (GDM). This study was designed to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on biomarkers of oxidative stress, inflammation and pregnancy outcomes in women with GDM. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted in 60 patients with GDM who were not taking oral hypoglycemic agents...
November 21, 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806984/dietary-%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-supplementation-alters-skeletal-muscle-plasma-membrane-lipid-composition-sarcolemmal-fat-cd36-abundance-and-palmitate-transport-rates
#5
Zane Chorner, Pierre-Andre Barbeau, Laura Castellani, David C Wright, Adrian Chabowski, Graham P Holloway
The cellular processes influenced by consuming polyunsaturated fatty acids remains poorly defined. Within skeletal muscle, a rate-limiting step in fatty acid oxidation is the of movement lipids across the sarcolemmal membrane, and therefore we aimed to determine the effects of consuming Flaxseed oil high in α-linolenic acid (ALA), on plasma membrane lipid composition and the capacity to transport palmitate. Rats fed a diet supplemented with ALA (10%) displayed marked increases in n-3 PUFAs within whole muscle and sarcolemmal membranes (~5-fold), at the apparent expense of arachidonic acid (-50%)...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754267/sy-16-1-dietary-approaches-to-prevent-and-control-elevated-blood-pressure
#6
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669296/providing-flaxseed-oil-but-not-menhaden-oil-protects-against-ovx-induced-bone-loss-in-the-mandible-of-sprague-dawley-rats
#7
Amanda B Longo, Wendy E Ward
Higher intakes of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are associated with benefits at several skeletal sites in postmenopausal women and in rodent models, but the effect of PUFA-containing oils on tooth-supporting alveolar bone of the mandible has not been studied. Moreover, direct comparison of the effect of flaxseed oil (a source of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)) and menhaden oil (a source of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) is unknown. One-month old female Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 48) were randomized to and fed a diet containing flaxseed oil or menhaden oil from one to six months of age...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665008/effects-of-dietary-fats-on-egg-quality-and-lipid-parameters-in-serum-and-yolks-of-shan-partridge-duck
#8
Xue Du, Yali Liu, Lizhi Lu, Weiqun Wang, Tao Zeng, Yong Tian, Xiaoqin Xu, Jianliang Shen, Dong Niu, Yingru Lu
The effects of different dietary fats with variable levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on egg quality of Shan Partridge Duck, serum, and yolk lipid parameters were examined in this study. A flock of 585 optimal produced ducks were selected and diets enriched with 0.5%, 1%, or 2% fish oil (F)/flaxseed oil (FL)/rapeseed oil (R)/tallow (T) plus basal diet were supplied through a 28-d period. Supplemental fat source and fat level had no effects on egg qualities. Proportions of yolk total cholesterol (TC), saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) were reduced (P < 0...
September 24, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643264/sy-16-1-dietary-approaches-to-prevent-and-control-elevated-blood-pressure
#9
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619403/the-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-e-co-supplementation-on-gene-expression-of-lipoprotein-a-and-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-lipid-profiles-and-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
Elham Rahmani, Mansooreh Samimi, Faraneh Afshar Ebrahimi, Fatemeh Foroozanfard, Shahnaz Ahmadi, Maryam Rahimi, Mehri Jamilian, Esmat Aghadavod, Fereshteh Bahmani, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mohammad Reza Memarzadeh, Zatollah Asemi
This study was conducted to determine the effects of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E co-supplementation on gene expression of lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL), lipid profiles and biomarkers of oxidative stress in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was done on 68 women diagnosed with PCOS according to the Rotterdam criteria aged 18-40 years old. Participants were randomly assigned into two groups to receive either 1000 mg omega-3 fatty acids from flaxseed oil containing 400 mg α-Linolenic acid plus 400 IU vitamin E supplements (n = 34) or placebo (n = 34) for 12 weeks...
September 9, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614839/milk-yield-milk-composition-and-hepatic-lipid-metabolism-in-transition-dairy-cows-fed-flaxseed-or-linola
#11
R M do Prado, M F Palin, I N do Prado, G T Dos Santos, C Benchaar, H V Petit
The response of transition dairy cows to dietary supplementation with fat sources of various fatty acid profiles could affect hepatic fat metabolism differently. Twenty-eight Holstein cows were blocked for similar calving date 4 wk before expected parturition to compare the effects of feeding sources of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids on milk production and composition, plasma metabolites, and liver parameters. Cows within each block were assigned to 1 of 3 isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets: control with a source of calcium salts of palm oil (MEG; 1...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571113/suppression-of-nadph-oxidase-activity-may-slow-the-expansion-of-osteolytic-bone-metastases
#12
REVIEW
Mark F McCarty, James DiNicolantonio
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), generated in the microenvironment of cancer cells, can drive the proliferation, invasion, and migration of cancer cells by activating G protein-coupled LPA receptors. Moreover, in cancer cells that have metastasized to bone, LPA signaling can promote osteolysis by inducing cancer cell production of cytokines, such as IL-6 and IL-8, which can stimulate osteoblasts to secrete RANKL, a key promoter of osteoclastogenesis. Indeed, in cancers prone to metastasize to bone, LPA appears to be a major driver of the expansion of osteolytic bone metastases...
August 25, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556399/preliminary-validation-of-a-high-docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-and-linolenic-acid-ala-dietary-oil-blend-tissue-fatty-acid-composition-and-liver-proteome-response-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-smolts
#13
Waldo G Nuez-Ortín, Chris G Carter, Richard Wilson, Ira Cooke, Peter D Nichols
Marine oils are important to human nutrition as the major source of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a key omega-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 LC-PUFA) that is low or lacking in terrestrial plant or animal oils. The inclusion of fish oil as main source of n-3 LC-PUFA in aquafeeds is mostly limited by the increasing price and decreasing availability. Fish oil replacement with cheaper terrestrial plant and animal oils has considerably reduced the content of n-3 LC-PUFA in flesh of farmed Atlantic salmon...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516685/psoriasis-and-topical-iranian-traditional-medicine
#14
Akramosadat Atyabi, Laila Shirbeigi, Fateme Eghbalian
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin, nails, and joints disease related to the immune system by periods of exacerbations and remissions. It is characterized by thick end, erythematous, and scaling lesions, which affects about 2 to 4 percent of the general population. The disease occurs equally in both sexes and the most common form of the disease is psoriasis vulgaris. The etiology is unknown but genetic and environmental factors, immune system disorders, and gastrointestinal dysfunction appear to be responsible...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514766/effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-inflammatory-cytokines-and-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Seyyed Mehdi Mirhashemi, Faeze Rahimi, Alireza Soleimani, Zatollah Asemi
INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to evaluate the effects of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation on inflammatory cytokines and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial was done on 60 patients with DN who were randomly divided into 2 groups to receive either 1000 mg/d of omega-3 fatty acid from flaxseed oil (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 12 weeks...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510581/original-research-effect-of-various-dietary-fats-on-fatty-acid-profile-in-duck-liver-efficient-conversion-of-short-chain-to-long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acids
#16
Xi Chen, Xue Du, Jianliang Shen, Lizhi Lu, Weiqun Wang
Omega-3 fatty acids, especially long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, have been associated with potential health benefits for chronic disease prevention. Our previous studies found that dietary omega-3 fatty acids could accumulate in the meat and eggs in a duck model. This study was to reveal the effects of various dietary fats on fatty acid profile and conversion of omega-3 fatty acids in duck liver. Female Shan Partridge Ducks were randomly assigned to five dietary treatments, each consisting of 6 replicates of 30 birds...
January 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507470/comparison-of-phytochemical-profiles-and-health-benefits-in-fiber-and-oil-flaxseeds-linum-usitatissimum-l
#17
Hong Wang, Junhong Wang, Caisheng Qiu, Yutong Ye, Xinbo Guo, Gu Chen, Tong Li, Yufu Wang, Xiong Fu, Rui Hai Liu
Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) is a rich source of nutritive and bioactive compounds. The research evaluated the disparity in phytochemical profiles along with total and cellular antioxidant activities between oil and fiber flaxseeds. There were significant differences in total phenolics, total flavonoids and antioxidant activities among the six cultivars of fiber and oil flaxseed, respectively. Four phytochemical compounds including caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid and ferulic acid, and secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) were identified and quantified in the cultivars of oil and fiber flaxseed by HPLC analysis...
January 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469994/maternal-flaxseed-oil-intake-during-lactation-changes-body-fat-inflammatory-markers-and-glucose-homeostasis-in-the-adult-progeny-role-of-gender-dimorphism
#18
Deysla Sabino Guarda, Egberto Gaspar de Moura, Janaíne Cavalcanti Carvalho, Adelina Martha Dos Reis, Patricia Novaes Soares, Patricia Cristina Lisboa, Mariana Sarto Figueiredo
We evaluated maternal flaxseed oil intake during lactation on body composition, lipid profile, glucose homeostasis and adipose tissue inflammation in male and female progeny at adulthood. Lactating rats were divided into the following: control 7% soybean oil (C), hyper 19% soybean oil (HS) and hyper 17% flaxseed oil+2% soybean oil (HF). Weaned pups received a standard diet. Offspring were killed in PN180. Male HF presented higher visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and triacylglycerol, and female HF showed insulin resistance...
September 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27415418/effect-of-supplementing-diets-of-anglo-nubian-goats-with-soybean-and-flaxseed-oils-on-lactational-performance
#19
Ahmed E Kholif, Tarek A Morsy, Ahmed M Abd El Tawab, Uchenna Y Anele, Michael L Galyean
We studied the effect of soybean or flaxseed oil feeding in the diets of lactating Anglo-Nubian goats. A total of 20 goats (33.6 ± 0.6 kg) were divided into four treatments and fed a basal diet of berseem clover and concentrates (40:60 DM basis; control) or the control diet supplemented with either 20 mL/day of flaxseed oil or soybean oil or 10 mL of soybean oil plus 10 mL of flaxseed oil per day for 12 weeks (i.e., 22 to 23 g per kg of DM intake). Oil inclusion decreased ruminal pH (P < 0.05), and acetate but increased (P < 0...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27407209/fortification-of-dahi-indian-yoghurt-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-using-microencapsulated-flaxseed-oil-microcapsules
#20
Ankit Goyal, Vivek Sharma, Manvesh Kumar Sihag, A K Singh, Sumit Arora, Latha Sabikhi
The objective of the study was to develop and characterize omega-3 dahi (Indian yoghurt) through fortification of microencapsulated flaxseed oil powder (MFOP). Four different formulations of MFOP were fortified in dahi @ 1, 2 and 3 % levels and the level of addition was optimized on the basis of sensory scores. Dahi fortified at 2 % level was observed comparable to control, which was further studied for titratable acidity, syneresis, firmness, stickiness, oxidative stability (peroxide value), α-linolenic acid (ALA, ω-3) content and sensory attributes during 15d of storage...
May 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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