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Vascular anomalies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092114/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pediatric-head-and-neck-vascular-malformations
#1
Megan L Durr, Anna K Meyer, Eric J Kezirian, Mark D Mamlouk, Ilona J Frieden, Kristina W Rosbe
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms among children with head and neck vascular malformations and to compare obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-18 scores between children with head and neck vascular malformations and children with non-head and neck vascular malformations. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort and prospective cross-sectional studies METHODS: Forty-three pediatric subjects with head and neck vascular malformations evaluated at a tertiary-care multidisciplinary vascular anomalies center were included in a retrospective cohort study...
January 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091779/early-and-late-outcomes-after-surgical-management-of-congenital-vascular-rings
#2
Katrien François, Joseph Panzer, Katya De Groote, Kristof Vandekerckhove, Daniel De Wolf, Hans De Wilde, Fabienne Marchau, Wim De Caluwe, Abraham Benatar, Thierry Bové
: Persistent respiratory or feeding problems in children may be associated with a congenital vascular ring. Surgical management is fairly standardized, but long-term outcomes are not well described. This study aims to investigate clinical presentation, surgical treatment, and risk factors for early mortality and late outcome. Our database revealed 62 surgically treated vascular ring patients between 1993 and 2014. Double aortic arch was the most common diagnosis (53%). Median age at operation was 1 year...
January 13, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090473/three-year-old-male-with-multiple-dieulafoy-lesions-treated-with-epinephrine-injections-via-therapeutic-endoscopy
#3
Christina L Baldwin, Michael Wilsey
Dieulafoy lesions, vascular anomalies typically found along the gastrointestinal tract, have been viewed as rare and obscure causes of sudden intestinal bleeding, especially in pediatric patients. Since their discovery in the late 19th century, the reported incidence has increased. This is due to an increased awareness of, and knowledge about, their presentation and to advanced endoscopic diagnosis and therapy. Our patient was a three-year-old male, without a complex medical history. He presented to the emergency department with acute hematemesis with blood clots and acute anemia requiring blood transfusion...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076020/structure-of-the-medullary-veins-of-the-cerebral-hemisphere-and-related-disorders
#4
Toshiaki Taoka, Akio Fukusumi, Toshiteru Miyasaka, Hisashi Kawai, Toshiki Nakane, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Shinji Naganawa
Deep medullary veins drain into subependymal veins with four convergence zones and show parallel distribution patterns adjacent to the body or inferior horn and a radial pattern in the frontal horn or trigon of the lateral ventricle. As white matter imaging develops such as diffusion tensor imaging or susceptibility-weighted imaging, requirements for understanding of white matter structures are increasing, not only for understanding of neuronal tracts but also for that of other structures including the fine anatomy of white matter vessels...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075028/a-recognizable-type-of-syndromic-short-stature-with-arthrogryposis-caused-by-bi-allelic-sema3a-loss-of-function-variants
#5
Matthias Baumann, Elisabeth Steichen-Gersdorf, Birgit Krabichler, Thomas Müller, Andreas R Janecke
The semaphorins constitute a large family of secreted and membrane-associated proteins that regulate many developmental processes, including neural circuit assembly, bone formation and angiogenesis. Recently, bi-allelic loss-of-function variants in SEMA3A (semaphorin 3A) were identified in a single patient with a particular pattern of multiple congenital anomalies (MCA). Using homozygosity mapping combined with exome sequencing, we identified a homozygous SEMA3A variant causing a premature stop codon in an 8-year-old boy with the same pattern of MCA...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063264/preimplantation-3d-ultrasound-current-uses-and-challenges
#6
Sushila Arya, Sanja Kupesic Plavsic
The preimplantation ultrasound (US) refers to targeted imaging of the uterus and adnexa prior to assisted reproductive techniques (ART) to optimize the infertility treatment outcomes. After a thorough evidence based literature review, we propose the use of transvaginal three-dimensional (3D) US during the early follicular phase. A systematic approach for 3D US examination consists of a detailed examination of the uterine shape, size and contour, evaluation of the endometrial thickness, volume, pattern and vascularity, and assessment of the junctional zone regularity, echogenicity and thickness...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061881/moebius-sequence-a-multidisciplinary-clinical-approach
#7
Line Kjeldgaard Pedersen, Rikke Damkjær Maimburg, Jens Michael Hertz, Hans Gjørup, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Bjarne Møller-Madsen, John Rosendahl Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Moebius Sequence (MS) is a rare disorder defined by bilateral congenital paralysis of the abducens and facial nerves in combination with various odontological, craniofacial, ophthalmological and orthopaedic conditions. The aetiology is still unknown; but both genetic (de novo mutations) and vascular events in utero are reported. The purpose of present study was through a multidisciplinary clinical approach to examine children diagnosed with Moebius-like symptoms. Ten children underwent odontological, ophthalmological, obstetric, paediatric, orthopaedic, genetic, radiological and photographical evaluation...
January 6, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058165/evaluation-of-follow-up-and-treatment-results-in-coats-disease
#8
Zafer Cebeci, Şerife Bayraktar, Yusuf Cem Yılmaz, Samuray Tuncer, Nur Kır
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features, follow-up and treatment results of patients diagnosed with Coats' disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of 27 patients diagnosed with Coats' disease in our clinic were reviewed retrospectively. All patients underwent complete ophthalmological examination and fundus photography was taken. Disease stage and treatment methods used were recorded. RESULTS: Twenty-seven eyes of 27 patients were included in the study...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056580/utility-of-adjunctive-digital-subtraction-venography-for-the-treatment-of-saphenous-vein-insufficiency
#9
Ramon L Varcoe, Shannon D Thomas, Victor Bourke, Nicole M K Rübesamen, Andrew F Lennox
PURPOSE: To report the use of adjunctive venography for the treatment of superficial venous reflux. METHODS: Two hundred consecutive patients (mean age 60.9 years, range 33-86; 128 women) with chronic venous disease underwent saphenous or perforator vein ablation in 268 limbs (305 venous trunks) guided by adjunctive venography and fluoroscopy in addition to ultrasound between October 2010 and May 2016. Intraprocedural venograms were independently evaluated by 2 vascular specialists to identify the presence of venous anomalies and the need for fluoroscopy-guided maneuvers to successfully complete venous ablation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052376/unusual-combination-of-multiple-vascular-anomalies-in-a-german-shepherd-puppy-with-megaoesophagus
#10
I Biasato, G Lanteri, F Guarda, M T Capucchio, F Marino, G Briguglio, F Macrì
A 2-months-old male German shepherd puppy was referred for regurgitation and delayed growth. Radiographic and endoscopic investigations revealed a precardiac megaoesophagus and oesophageal constriction at the level of the heart base. At post-mortem examination, a specific form of persistent right aortic arch characterized by an aberrant left subclavian artery in combination with a ligamentum arteriosum originating at the aberrant left subclavian artery (PRAA-SA-LA) was detected. A complete-type persistent left cranial vena cava (PLCVC) was also observed...
January 3, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050545/intraosseous-anomalous-drainage-a-rare-case-of-pretibial-varicose-vein
#11
Frederico Barra de Moraes, Carolina Parreira Ribeiro Camelo, Marcelo Luiz Brandão, Pedro Ivo Fávaro, Tercília Almeida Barbosa, Raul Carlos Barbosa
Valve failure with reflux and post-thrombotic syndrome are the factors most commonly correlated with varicose disease. Other rare etiologies can be put forward when these two main causes are ruled out. We report a case in which a young man presented chronic pain in the left tibia, varicose veins in the lower limbs and frequent occurrences of erysipelas. During investigation of the etiology of the varicose veins, radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging of the left leg were requested. These showed images suggestive of an osteolytic lesion in the tibia, but led us to the diagnosis of an intraosseous vein with anomalous drainage...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045833/incidence-of-associated-brain-and-ophthalmic-anomalies-in-frontoethmoidal-encephalomeningocele-evaluated-by-multidetector-computed-tomography-facial-bone-imaging
#12
Netsiri Dumrongpisutikul, Atip Triampo, Pun Janthanimi, Sukalaya Lerdlum
INTRODUCTION: Frontoethmoidal encephalomeningocele (FEEM) is a congenital disorder characterized by herniation of brain and meninges through an anterior skull defect. The main pathological changes are found internally at the foramen cecum and externally at the frontonaso-orbital region. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of developmental anomalies found in FEEM using multidetector computed tomography images of the facial bone. METHODS: A total of 78 patients who underwent multidetector computed tomography scan of the facial bone during the January 1, 2003 to June 31, 2012 study period were retrospectively reviewed...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045420/a-case-of-tracheal-bronchus-associated-with-right-aortic-arch-and-partial-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection
#13
Vehbi Doğan, İlker Ertuğrul, Yasemin Taşcı Yıldız, Utku Arman Örün, Selmin Karademir
Tracheal bronchus includes a variety of bronchial anomalies arising in the trachea or main bronchus and directed toward the upper-lobe territory. Reported incidence varies from 1-3% in the pediatric population. It is generally associated with other congenital malformations, including costovertebral anomalies, congenital airway and lung anomalies, vascular anomalies, and congenital heart defects. Presently described was the case of a 14-year-old female with tracheal right-upper-lobe bronchus, right aortic arch with mirror image, and abnormal left upper pulmonary venous return to innominate vein...
December 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040527/study-of-the-radial-peripapillary-capillary-network-in-congenital-optic-disc-anomalies-with-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#14
Gilda Cennamo, Claudia Rossi, Pasquale Ruggiero, Giuseppe de Crecchio, Giovanni Cennamo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the radial peripapillary capillary network with optical coherence tomography angiography (angio-OCT) in morning glory syndrome (MGS), optic disc colobomas and optic disc pits, and to explore possible correlations between the neural vascular structure and the pathogenesis of congenital optic disc anomalies. DESIGN: Prospective observational comparative case series. METHODS: Fifteen eyes of 15 patients with congenital optic disc anomalies were enrolled in this study...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040119/are-congenital-malformations-more-frequent-in-fetuses-with-intrahepatic-persistent-right-umbilical-vein-a-comparative-study
#15
Ignacio Adiego-Calvo, Ricardo Saviron-Cornudella, Cristina Martinez-Payo, Encarna Rubio-Aranda, Javier Sancho-Sauco, Ana Isabel Cisneros-Gimeno, Pilar Perez-Perez, Diego Lerma-Puertas, Jaime Whyte-Orozco
OBJECTIVE: Persistent right umbilical vein (PRUV) is a vascular anomaly where the right umbilical vein remains as the only conduit that returns oxygenated blood to the fetus. It has classically been described as associated with numerous defects. We distinguish the intrahepatic variant (better prognosis) and the extrahepatic variant (associated with worse prognosis). The objective of this study was to compare rates of congenital malformations in fetuses with intrahepatic PRUV (I-PRUV) versus singleton pregnancies without risk factors...
December 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033740/intestinal-malrotation-and-replaced-common-hepatic-artery-during-duodenopancreatectomy-a-case-report
#16
Alexander Schank, Philippe Colonval, Mikhaël Salame
BACKGROUND: Intestinal malrotation is a well-known anomaly in the normal rotation process of the midgut during embryogenesis. Multiple forms are described, resulting in various positional configurations of the small bowel and colon. Replaced common hepatic artery is a rare but not anecdotic variant of the standard hepatic vascularization, associated with surgical implications. Our aim is to explain the impact of their simultaneous presence during this procedure and the difficulty in identifying them preoperatively, despite imaging...
December 29, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033152/effect-of-general-anesthesia-on-neurodevelopmental-abnormalities-in-children-undergoing-treatment-of-vascular-anomalies-with-laser-surgery-a-retrospective-review
#17
Vitaly Terushkin, Jeremy Brauer, Leonard Bernstein, Roy Geronemus
BACKGROUND: Multiple exposures to general anesthesia may be neurotoxic to the developing brain. This relationship has not been evaluated in children undergoing laser surgery for vascular anomalies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of neurodevelopmental abnormalities in children who received multiple laser procedures under general anesthesia before the age of 4 years for the treatment of vascular anomalies. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Retrospective chart review of patients with contact of parents for telephone interview...
December 26, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032156/complex-truncal-masses-in-the-setting-of-cloves-syndrome-aesthetic-and-functional-implications
#18
Jason M Weissler, Valeriy Shubinets, Martin J Carney, David W Low
BACKGROUND: Congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, epidermal nevi, and skeletal abnormalities (CLOVES) is a complex overgrowth syndrome with dramatic aesthetic and functional implications. The truncal masses characteristic of CLOVES syndrome are described as vascular malformations or lipomatous lesions with variable vascular components. Herein, we describe our single-institution experience with surgical excision of CLOVES-related truncal masses and discuss future directions in treatment of these complex anomalies...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031680/ultrasonographic-cti-and-mri-of-aberrant-internal-carotid-artery-infrequent-but-important-to-know
#19
J Schaumberg, B Tomandl, F Brunner
This article describes the aberrant course of the internal carotid artery (ICA) through the middle ear as an extremely rare vascular anomaly. On the basis of a case report, the findings of magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography imaging, and especially color-coded duplex sonography are presented. The diagnosis of an aberrant ICA is important to avoid severe surgical complications of a retrotympanic mass as well as unnecessary diagnostic or therapeutic approaches in expectation of a stroke.
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026852/altered-topography-of-systemic-veins-following-lung-tissue-resection-the-effect-on-de-novo-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-cied-implantation
#20
Roman Steckiewicz, Elżbieta Barbara Świętoń, Katarzyna Rowińska-Berman, Przemysław Stolarz
Venous anomalies discovered on cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation may hinder both the insertion of cardiac leads and the selection of their optimal intraventricular placement. Such venous anomalies may be a result of congenital vascular defects, e.g. anomalies of the fetal venous system, or be a consequence of earlier cardio- or thoracosurgical procedures. In the case of the latter, the extent of morphometric changes to mediastinal structures may depend on the extent of prior lung tissue resection...
December 27, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
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