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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810569/ultrasound-guided-injections-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-into-stellate-ganglion-to-treat-insomnia
#1
Xu-Dong Ding, Zhi-Gang Ding, Wei Wang, Yan-Ping Liu, Jing Zhong, Hua-Xian Chen
The aim of the study was to investigate the curative effect of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injection into stellate ganglion under ultrasound guidance in patients suffering from insomnia. From October 2015 to April 2016, 48 patients suffering from insomnia were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into 2 groups using a random digital grouping method: i) Control group (24 cases), and ii) treatment group (24 cases). Patients in the control group received 1 mg oral estazolam 30 min before sleep every night, while patients in the treatment group received BTX-A injection in bilateral stellate ganglions under ultrasound guidance...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808850/non-rem-sleep-disordered-breathing-affects-performance-on-the-psychomotor-vigilance-task
#2
Takuro Kitamura, Soichiro Miyazaki, Hiroshi Kadotani, Takashi Kanemura, Harun Bin Sulaiman, Shoko Takeuchi, Takahisa Tabata, Hideaki Suzuki
PURPOSE: Although many studies have investigated the clinical importance of sleep apnea on rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep, the relationship between behavioral performance and apneic events during different sleep phases remains unclear. In the present study, we sought to investigate the effect of sleep phase fragmentation due to sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) during REM and NREM on the vigilance and sustainability of attention based on psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) performance...
August 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807529/correlation-of-soft-palate-length-with-velum-obstruction-and-severity-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#3
Ju-Shin Lim, Jae Woo Lee, Chun Han, Jang-Woo Kwon
OBJECTIVE: Our aim in this study was to analyze whether soft palate length and velum obstruction during sleep are correlated and to determine the effects of related parameters on obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) severity. We used computed tomography to measure soft palate length and drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) to evaluate velum obstruction severity. Patients also underwent polysomnography (PSG) for evaluation of OSAS severity. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 67 patients with OSAS treated between May 1st, 2013 and July 31st, 2016 was analyzed...
August 11, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802385/comparison-of-home-sleep-apnea-testing-versus-laboratory-polysomnography-for-the-diagnosis-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children
#4
Nicholas Scalzitti, Shana Hansen, Stephen Maturo, Joshua Lospinoso, Peter O'Connor
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects 1-5% of pediatric patients. Laboratory polysomnography is expensive, not always available, and is inconvenient for patients. Our study investigates the diagnostic ability of an unattended ambulatory monitor for the diagnosis of pediatric OSA. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in children, ages 2-17. Subjects completed in-lab polysomnography simultaneously with ambulatory monitoring. Caregivers attempted home studies on two subsequent nights to compare the home monitor and the laboratory polysomnogram (PSG)...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802380/can-telemetry-data-obviate-the-need-for-sleep-studies-in-pierre-robin-sequence
#5
Nicole Leigh Aaronson, Noel Jabbour
OBJECTIVE: This study looks to correlate telemetry data gathered on patients with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) with sleep study data. Strong correlation might allow obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to be reasonably predicted without the need for sleep study. METHODS: Charts from forty-six infants with PRS who presented to our children's hospital between 2005 and 2015 and received a polysomnogram (PSG) prior to surgical intervention were retrospectively reviewed. Correlations and scatterplots were used to compare average daily oxygen nadir, overall oxygen nadir, and average number of daily desaturations from telemetry data with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and oxygen nadir on sleep study...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802366/formula-for-the-prediction-of-apnea-hypopnea-index-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-without-polysomnography-according-to-the-clinical-parameters-is-it-reliable
#6
Zlatko Kljajić, Željka Roje, Kristijan Bečić, Vesna Čapkun, K Vilović, Petar Ivanišević, Eugenija Marušić
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to propose "the risk formula" for obstructive sleep apnea in children according to the general and local clinical parameters and findings relevant for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity. The unmet need for this formula arises from the economic burden of polysomnography (device, staff, training, special sleep centers, etc) as the golden standard for the diagnostics. MATERIALS AND METHODS USED: The study was performed from January 2013 until January 2016 in the Sleep Center, Department for Neuroscience, School of Medicine of the University of Split, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Split, Croatia and ENT Dept...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800204/comparison-of-robotic-and-coblation-tongue-base-resection-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#7
Chi Sang Hwang, Jin Won Kim, Jin Woong Kim, Eun Jung Lee, Chang-Hoon Kim, Joo-Heon Yoon, Hyung-Ju Cho
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with endoscope-guided coblation tongue base resection. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SETTING: University-based tertiary care medical center. PARTICIPANTS: OSA patients who underwent endoscope-guided tongue base coblation resection or TORS in combination with lateral pharyngoplasty at a single institution in South Korea between April 2013 and December 2016 were investigated...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790878/investigating-cost-implications-of-incorporating-level-iii-at-home-testing-into-a-polysomnography-based-sleep-medicine-program-using-administrative-data
#8
Samuel Alan Stewart, Erika Penz, Mark Fenton, Robert Skomro
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea is a common problem, requiring expensive in-lab polysomnography for proper diagnosis. Home monitoring can provide an alternative to in-lab testing for a subset of OSA patients. The objective of this project was to investigate the effect of incorporating home testing into an OSA program at a large, tertiary sleep disorders centre. METHODS: The Sleep Disorders Centre in Saskatoon, Canada, has been incorporating at-home testing into their diagnostic pathways since 2006...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777369/-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-age-related-hypohonadism
#9
I M Madaeva, O N Berdina, N V Semenova, V V Madaev, L V Rychkova, L I Kolesnikova
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disease that causes a different spectrum of life processes violations in the continuum of 'sleep-wakefulness'. OSAS in combination with age-specific hypogonadism as a systemic pathology requires certain interdisciplinary approaches involving both the correction of the obstruction, and testosterone therapy in men with hypogonadism. AIM: Assessment of the effect of combined use of CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) and testosterone replacement therapy (transdermal form - Androgel) on indicators of polysomnography monitoring (PSG) with simultaneous study of erectile function and testosterone secretion...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777362/-the-role-of-subjective-methods-for-the-evaluation-of-sleep-quality
#10
A Yu Gortseva, L S Korostovtseva, M V Bochkarev, Yu V Sviryaev, A O Konradi
AIM: To assess the accuracy of questions evaluating the quality and duration of sleep. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Target population included residents of St. Petersburg, who participated in the epidemiological study ESSE-RF. Out of 1417 participants, 136 individuals agreed to undergo additional sleep evaluation, and 49 subjects underwent polysomnography study for objective sleep evaluation. All participants were interviewed for subjective sleep assessment (standard questionnaires and Pittsburgh sleep quality index questionnaire)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768827/ubiquitin-orchestrates-proteasome-dynamics-between-proliferation-and-quiescence-in-yeast
#11
Zhu Chao Gu, Edwin Wu, Carolin Sailer, Julia Jando, Erin Styles, Ina Eisenkolb, Maike Kuschel, Katharina Bitschar, Xiaorong Wang, Lan Huang, Adriano Vissa, Christopher M Yip, Ravikiran Yedidi, Helena Friesen, Cordula Enenkel
Proteasomes are essential for protein degradation in proliferating cells. Little is known about proteasome functions in quiescent cells. In non-dividing yeast, a eukaryotic model of quiescence, proteasomes are depleted from the nucleus and accumulate in motile cytosolic granules termed proteasome storage granules (PSG). PSG enhance resistance to genotoxic stress and confer fitness during aging. Upon exit from quiescence PSG dissolve and proteasomes are rapidly delivered into the nucleus. To identify key players in PSG organization, we performed high-throughput imaging of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-labeled proteasomes in the yeast null mutant collection...
August 2, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760702/impulse-oscillometry-spirometry-and-passive-smoking-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents
#12
C I S Schivinski, M S de Assumpção, F C X S de Figueiredo, R M G Wamosy, L G Ferreira, J D Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: To identify changes in the forced and quiet breathing parameters of lung function in healthy children and adolescents exposed to passive smoking (PS). METHOD: Comparative cross-sectional study. Healthy schoolchildren aged 6 to 14 years. We collected anthropometric data, lung function parameters using spirometry (forced breathing), and quiet breathing parameters using impulse oscillometry. The sample was divided into two groups according to exposure to PS: passive smoking group (PSG) and non-passive smoking group (NPSG)...
July 28, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759934/-apnea-detection-by-means-of-respiratory-sound-recordings-and-polysomnography-a-comparative-study
#13
M von Heydebrand, O Hildebrandt, W Cassel, A Schäfer, K Kesper, A Weissflog, N Taher, K Sohrabi, V Gross, U Koehler
Introduction In this study, recognition of apnoeas by means of polysomnography (PSG) and nocturnal respiratory sound recordings in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) was analyzed and compared. Methods In 45 patients with OSA requiring treatment (AHI > 15/h), concomitant polysomnographic recordings and long term respiratory sound recordings by means of LEOSound were performed. Patients' average age was 58 ± 12 years (mean ± standard deviation), average BMI was 33 ± 7 kg/m(2). Audio-visual apnoea detection by LEOSound was compared to polysomnographic apnoea detection...
July 31, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757513/validation-of-a-sheet-shaped-body-vibrometer-for-screening-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
Takamasa Kogure, Mina Kobayashi, Takashi Okawa, Tsuneya Nakajima, Yuichi Inoue
We assessed the validity of using a sheet-shaped body vibrometer (SBV) as a portable monitoring device for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) screening. Seventy consecutive patients with suspected OSA underwent simultaneous in-laboratory polysomnography (PSG) and SBV. We evaluated the screening accuracy of the respiratory event index (REI) obtained with the SBV, using the REI based on either the estimated total sleep time (REI_eTST) or time in bed (REI_TIB); these were compared to the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) obtained via PSG...
2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753994/noncontact-sleep-study-by-multi-modal-sensor-fusion
#15
Ku-Young Chung, Kwangsub Song, Kangsoo Shin, Jinho Sohn, Seok Hyun Cho, Joon-Hyuk Chang
Polysomnography (PSG) is considered as the gold standard for determining sleep stages, but due to the obtrusiveness of its sensor attachments, sleep stage classification algorithms using noninvasive sensors have been developed throughout the years. However, the previous studies have not yet been proven reliable. In addition, most of the products are designed for healthy customers rather than for patients with sleep disorder. We present a novel approach to classify sleep stages via low cost and noncontact multi-modal sensor fusion, which extracts sleep-related vital signals from radar signals and a sound-based context-awareness technique...
July 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752613/sleep-patterns-among-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-a-polysomnography-based-study
#16
Evelina Pajediene, Indre Bileviciute-Ljungar, Danielle Friberg
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to detect treatable sleep disorders among patients complaining of chronic fatigue by using sleep questionnaires and polysomnography. METHODS: Patients were referred to hospital for investigations and rehabilitation because of a suspected diagnosis of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS). The criteria for further referral to full-night polysomnography (PSG) were symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness and/or tiredness in the questionnaires...
July 28, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751184/restoration-of-sleep-architecture-after-maxillomandibular-advancement-success-beyond-the-apnea-hypopnea-index
#17
S Y-C Liu, L-K Huon, C Ruoff, R W Riley, K P Strohl, Z Peng
While effects of maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) on respiratory parameters for patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are well described, effects on sleep architecture before and after MMA are not. A retrospective cohort analysis on sleep architecture was examined in 10 OSA patients who underwent MMA surgery between July 2013 and November 2014, and had prespecified complete polysomnography (PSG) datasets. Sleep stages were examined relative to a Western European population-based control group. All of the respiratory parameters improved significantly post MMA...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744805/combination-mode-of-physiological-signals-for-diagnosis-of-osas-using-portable-monitor
#18
Peng Jiang, Rong Zhu, Xiaosong Dong, Yuan Chang
PURPOSE: Portable respiratory monitor (PRM) has been proposed for pre-diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). However, discrepant physiological signal combinations were rarely studied for diagnostic assessment of OSAS. This study was designed to evaluate combination modes of key physiological signals collected by portable sensor modules for OSAS screening in comparison with polysomnography (PSG). METHODS: People with suspected OSAS were submitted to PRM at a sleep laboratory monitoring concurrently with PSG...
July 26, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735914/companion-of-oral-movements-with-limb-movements-in-patients-with-sleep-bruxism-preliminary-findings
#19
Yangping Zhang, Junlan Lu, Zilong Wang, Zhijun Zhong, Miao Xu, Xueliang Zou, Bin Yu, Dongyuan Yao
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) patients show a higher incidence of leg movements than normal subjects. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to characterize SB episodes and their relationships with limb movements (LMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Polysomnographic (PSG) recordings were performed on eight SB patients. The intervals between the onsets of adjacent SB episodes and LMs were determined and linear correlation analyses were used to estimate the relationship between the SB index and SB episodes in clusters...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728615/success-of-tonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#20
David G Ingram, Amanda G Ruiz, Dexiang Gao, Norman R Friedman
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in children with Down syndrome (DS) and associated with significant morbidity. In the current study we examined polysomnographic outcomes of children with DS who underwent tonsillectomy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of children with DS who underwent a tonsillectomy between 2009-2015 was performed. All children had either a concurrent adenoidectomy or had previously underwent an adenoidectomy. Children with preoperative and postoperative polysomnograms within 6 months of surgery were included in the analysis...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
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