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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053524/nursing-humanities-teaching-for-a-sense-of-salience
#1
Fidelindo Lim, Matthew John Marsaglia
Reports have indicated that nursing programs in the United States are not generally effective in teaching nursing science, natural science, the social sciences, and the humanities. The value of the lifelong study of humanities for nurses is the invitation for contemplation on the human experience so we can make informed moral, spiritual, and intellectual sense of the world. In essence, when we understand, we become more empathetic. This article adds to the call for teaching for a sense of salience in nursing through the meaningful synthesis of humanities in baccalaureate education...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052943/towards-a-capability-approach-to-child-growth-a-theoretical-framework
#2
Hinke Haisma, Sepideh Yousefzadeh, Pieter Boele Van Hensbroek
Child malnutrition is an important cause of under-5 mortality and morbidity around the globe. Despite the partial success of (inter)national efforts to reduce child mortality, under-5 mortality rates continue to be high. The multidimensional approaches of the Sustainable Development Goals may suggest new directions for rethinking strategies for reducing child mortality and malnutrition. We propose a theoretical framework for developing a "capability" approach to child growth. The current child growth monitoring practices are based on 2 assumptions: (a) that anthropometric and motor development measures are the appropriate indicators; and (b) that child growth can be assessed using a single universal standard that is applicable around the world...
October 20, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048926/kheyr-on-nessa-amoli-an-iranian-lady-physician-in-the-gurkani-court-of-india
#3
Seyyed Alireza Golshani, Ziba Ghafouri, Mohammad Ebrahim Zohalinezhad
The popularity of the science of medicine in the Gurkani Court of India relied on the presence and scientific work of Iranian scholars. Iranian women, like men, enjoyed this area of science and were also actively involved in social issues. The remarkable participation of Iranian female physicians in some medical fields, such as issues and care in pregnancy, child-bearing, and baby care, is among their scientific contributions to the changes and growing trends in medicine. These affairs were monopolized by women who held this knowledge for centuries...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048862/order-without-intellectual-property-law-open-science-in-influenza
#4
Amy Kapczynski
Today, intellectual property (IP) scholars accept that IP as an approach to information production has serious limits. But what lies beyond IP? A new literature on "intellectual production without IP" (or "IP without IP") has emerged to explore this question, but its examples and explanations have yet to convince skeptics. This Article reorients this new literature via a study of a hard case: a global influenza virus-sharing network that has for decades produced critically important information goods, at significant expense, and in a loose-knit group--all without recourse to IP...
2017: Cornell Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048317/non-normal-data-is-anova-still-a-valid-option
#5
María J Blanca, Rafael Alarcón, Jaume Arnau, Roser Bono, Rebecca Bendayan
BACKGROUND: The robustness of F-test to non-normality has been studied from the 1930s through to the present day. However, this extensive body of research has yielded contradictory results, there being evidence both for and against its robustness. This study provides a systematic examination of F-test robustness to violations of normality in terms of Type I error, considering a wide variety of distributions commonly found in the health and social sciences. METHOD: We conducted a Monte Carlo simulation study involving a design with three groups and several known and unknown distributions...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048196/using-intersectionality-responsibly-toward-critical-epistemology-structural-analysis-and-social-justice-activism
#6
Bonnie Moradi, Patrick R Grzanka
The increasing popularity of the concept of intersectionality in the social sciences, including in psychology, represents an opportunity to reflect on the state of stewardship of this concept, its roots, and its promise. In this context, the authors aim to promote responsible stewardship of intersectionality and to tip the momentum of intersectionality's flourishing toward fuller use and engagement of its roots and promise for understanding and challenging dynamics of power, privilege, and oppression. To this end, this article provides a set of guidelines for reflection and action...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047336/a-qualitative-exploration-of-work-related-head-injury-vulnerability-at-the-intersection-of-workers-decision-making-and-organizational-values
#7
P Kontos, A Grigorovich, B Nowrouzi, B Sharma, J Lewko, T Mollayeva, A Colantonio
BACKGROUND: Work-related head injury is a critical public health issue due to its rising prevalence; the association with profound disruption of workers' lives; and significant economic burdens in terms of medical costs and lost wages. Efforts to understand and prevent these types of injuries have largely been dominated by epidemiological research and safety science, which has focused on identifying risk at the level of the individual worker, population group, or organizational sector...
October 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045500/using-egocentric-analysis-to-investigate-professional-networks-and-productivity-of-graduate-students-and-faculty-in-life-sciences-in-japan-singapore-and-taiwan
#8
Noriko Hara, Hui Chen, Marcus Antonius Ynalvez
Prior studies showed that scientists' professional networks contribute to research productivity, but little work has examined what factors predict the formation of professional networks. This study sought to 1) examine what factors predict the formation of international ties between faculty and graduate students and 2) identify how these international ties would affect publication productivity in three East Asian countries. Face-to-face surveys and in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of faculty and doctoral students in life sciences at 10 research institutions in Japan, Singapore, and Taiwan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045164/ehealth-literacy-research-quo-vadis
#9
Lena Griebel, Heidi Enwald, Heidi Gilstad, Anna-Lena Pohl, Julia Moreland, Martin Sedlmayr
The concept of electronic health (eHealth) literacy evolved from the social and information sciences and describes competencies necessary to use electronic health services. As it is a rather new topic, and as there is no current overview of the state of the art in research, it is not possible to identify research gaps. Therefore, the objective of this viewpoint article is to increase knowledge on the current state of the art of research in eHealth literacy and to identify gaps in scientific research which should be focused on by the research community in the future...
October 18, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045011/consumer-health-information-seeking-in-social-media-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Yuehua Zhao, Jin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this literature review was to summarise current research regarding how consumers seek health-related information from social media. Primarily, we hope to reveal characteristics of existing studies investigating the health topics that consumers have discussed in social media, ascertaining the roles social media have played in consumers' information-seeking processes and discussing the potential benefits and concerns of accessing consumer health information in social media...
October 17, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044615/report-of-the-49th-annual-meeting-of-cheiron-the-international-society-for-the-history-of-the-behavioral-and-social-sciences
#11
David K Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043248/health-by-design-interweaving-health-promotion-into-environments-and-settings
#12
Andrew E Springer, Alexandra E Evans, Jaquelin Ortuño, Deborah Salvo, Maria Teresa Varela Arévalo
The important influence of the environmental context on health and health behavior-which includes place, settings, and the multiple environments within place and settings-has directed health promotion planners from a focus solely on changing individuals, toward a focus on harnessing and changing context for individual and community health promotion. Health promotion planning frameworks such as Intervention Mapping provide helpful guidance in addressing various facets of the environmental context in health intervention design, including the environmental factors that influence a given health condition or behavior, environmental agents that can influence a population's health, and environmental change methods...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043156/transition-to-school-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#13
Annabel Marsh, Vanessa Spagnol, Rachel Grove, Valsamma Eapen
AIM: To identify factors that promote a positive start to school for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Web of Science, MEDLINE, Scopus, and PsychINFO searches were conducted to identify literature published after 1991 and relevant to school transition processes in children with ASD. Twenty studies were deemed eligible for inclusion. These studies evaluated a range of factors including school readiness, parent and teacher perspectives on transition practices, characteristics of children with ASD that are associated with successful transition to school and the impact of school based intervention programs...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043042/feedr-and-animalnexus-ca-a-paired-r-package-and-user-friendly-web-application-for-transforming-and-visualizing-animal-movement-data-from-static-stations
#14
Stefanie E LaZerte, Matthew W Reudink, Ken A Otter, Jackson Kusack, Jacob M Bailey, Austin Woolverton, Mark Paetkau, Adriaan de Jong, David J Hill
Radio frequency identification (RFID) provides a simple and inexpensive approach for examining the movements of tagged animals, which can provide information on species behavior and ecology, such as habitat/resource use and social interactions. In addition, tracking animal movements is appealing to naturalists, citizen scientists, and the general public and thus represents a tool for public engagement in science and science education. Although a useful tool, the large amount of data collected using RFID may quickly become overwhelming...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041821/gender-matters-in-the-transition-to-employment-for-young-adults-with-physical-disabilities
#15
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Mikhaela Albarico, Neda Mortaji, Dilakshan Srikanthan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of gender in the transition to employment for young adults with physical disabilities. METHODS: This study drew on in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 33 participants (23 youth and 10 clinicians). The youth in our sample included 13 females (mean age 22.9) and 10 males (mean age 21.3) who had various types of physical disabilities. The person-environment-occupation (PEO) model informed our analysis...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040891/acceptance-lowers-stress-reactivity-dismantling-mindfulness-training-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Emily K Lindsay, Shinzen Young, Joshua M Smyth, Kirk Warren Brown, J David Creswell
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness interventions, which train practitioners to monitor their present-moment experience with a lens of acceptance, are known to buffer stress reactivity. Little is known about the active mechanisms driving these effects. We theorize that acceptance is a critical emotion regulation mechanism underlying mindfulness stress reduction effects. METHOD: In this three-arm parallel trial, mindfulness components were dismantled into three structurally equivalent 15-lesson smartphone-based interventions: (1) training in both monitoring and acceptance (Monitor+Accept), (2) training in monitoring only (Monitor Only), or (3) active control training (Coping control)...
October 8, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039374/the-meaning-of-patient-empowerment-in-the-digital-age-the-role-of-online-patient-communities
#17
Eugenia Lamas, Rodrigo Salinas, Carla Coquedano, Marie-Pierre Simon, Cedric Bousquet, Marcela Ferrer, Sergio Zorrilla
Traditionally, patient empowerment has been used as a strategy for health promotion. The rise of online communities of patients represents a good example of how patient empowerment occurs, independently of the intervention of existing healthcare providers and insurers, allowing thus a more accurate definition of meaning of this concept. We describe two situations related with the development of health-related social networks: (1) The emergence of a new biomedical research model in which patients lead research, shifting the equilibrium of power from the professionals to research subjects themselves, and (2) The emergence of Lay Crowd-Sourced Expertise in these communities, arising from the daily exchange among patients affected by chronic conditions and their relatives, giving place to a new era of bottom-up data generation, previously unknown in biomedical sciences...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038699/the-correlation-of-social-support-with-mental-health-a-meta-analysis
#18
Tayebeh Fasihi Harandi, Maryam Mohammad Taghinasab, Tayebeh Dehghan Nayeri
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Social support is an important factor that can affect mental health. In recent decades, many studies have been done on the impact of social support on mental health. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect size of the relationship between social support and mental health in studies in Iran. METHODS: This meta-analysis was carried out in studies that were performed from 1996 through 2015. Databases included SID and Magiran, the comprehensive portal of human sciences, Noor specialized magazine databases, IRANDOC, Proquest, PubMed, Scopus, ERIC, Iranmedex and Google Scholar...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038693/bio-psycho-social-factors-affecting-sexual-self-concept-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Robabeh Potki, Tayebe Ziaei, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, it is believed that mental and emotional aspects of sexual well-being are the important aspects of sexual health. Sexual self-concept is a major component of sexual health and the core of sexuality. It is defined as the cognitive perspective concerning the sexual aspects of 'self' and refers to the individual's self-perception as a sexual creature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the different factors affecting sexual self-concept...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038687/mental-health-status-of-north-korean-refugees-in-south-korea-and-risk-and-protective-factors-a-10-year-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Yeeun Lee, Minji Lee, Subin Park
Background: North Korean refugees (NKRs) are often exposed to traumatic events in North Korea and during their defection. Furthermore, they face sociocultural barriers in adapting to the new society to which they have defected. Objective: To integrate previous findings on this mentally vulnerable population, we systematically reviewed articles on the mental health of NKRs in South Korea. Method: We searched for empirical studies conducted in the last 10 years in six online databases (international journals: Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science; Korean journals: DBPIA, KMbase) through June 2017...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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