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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667526/optimizing-best-management-practices-to-control-anthropogenic-sources-of-atmospheric-phosphorus-deposition-to-inland-lakes
#1
Lee Weiss, Jesse Thé, Jennifer Winter, Bahram Gharabaghi
Excessive phosphorus loading to inland freshwater lakes around the globe has resulted in nuisance plant growth along the waterfronts, degraded habitat for cold water fisheries, and impaired beaches, marinas and waterfront property. The direct atmospheric deposition of phosphorus can be a significant contributing source to inland lakes. The atmospheric deposition monitoring program for Lake Simcoe, Ontario indicates roughly 20% of the annual total phosphorus load (2010-2014 period) is due to direct atmospheric deposition (both wet and dry deposition) on the lake...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666750/tweet-success-scientific-communication-correlates-with-increased-citations-in-ecology-and-conservation
#2
Clayton T Lamb, Sophie L Gilbert, Adam T Ford
Science communication is seen as critical for the disciplines of ecology and conservation, where research products are often used to shape policy and decision making. Scientists are increasing their online media communication, via social media and news. Such media engagement has been thought to influence or predict traditional metrics of scholarship, such as citation rates. Here, we measure the association between citation rates and the Altmetric Attention Score-an indicator of the amount and reach of the attention an article has received-along with other forms of bibliometric performance (year published, journal impact factor, and article type)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666136/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diabetes-mellitus-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-condition-epidemiology-in-sexual-minority-women
#3
Catherine Meads, Adam Martin, Jeffrey Grierson, Justin Varney
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority women (SMW) experience higher chronic disease risk factors than heterosexual counterparts. However, it was unclear if these risks translate into higher physical condition rates. This systematic review evaluates cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, respiratory disease and diabetes mellitus in SMW. METHODS: A protocol was registered with the Prospero database (CRD42016050299). Included were studies reporting mortality, incidence or prevalence of the above-listed conditions in SMW compared with heterosexual women...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665977/whatever-happened-to-the-social-science-in-social-science-medicine-on-golden-anniversaries-and-gold-standards
#4
Kirsten Bell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662961/biopsychosocial-view-to-pseudocyesis-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Marzieh Azizi, Forouzan Elyasi
Background: Pseudocyesis is a psychopathological clinical syndrome in which a non-pregnant woman firmly believes herself to be pregnant and manifests many symptoms and signs of pregnancy. Although the exact etiology of pseudocyesis has not been determined. Objective: This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the biopsychosocial view to pseudocyesis. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted between 1943-2016 to retrieve pseudocyesis related articles...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662728/breastfeeding-and-weaning-practices-in-urban-slums-of-southern-punjab-pakistan
#6
Khalil Ahmed, Muhammad Talha, Zainab Khalid, Mehvish Khurshid, Rizwan Ishtiaq
Objective Proper breastfeeding and weaning practices are effective ways of reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to find out breastfeeding and weaning practices among infants of six months to one year in urban slums of Bahawalpur city. By evaluating the knowledge and attitude of lactating mothers regarding their child feeding habits, modifications and specific interventions can be implemented to improve the breastfeeding and weaning practices of the area. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in the Shahdrah slums of Bahawalpur City after getting approval from the institutional review board of Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur...
February 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659003/state-of-science-bridging-the-science-practice-gap-in-aging-dementia-and-mental-health
#7
Christopher M Callahan, Daniel R Bateman, Sophia Wang, Malaz A Boustani
The workforce available to care for older adults has not kept pace with the need. In response to workforce limitations and the growing complexity of healthcare, scientists have tested new models of care that redesign clinical practice. This article describes why new models of care in aging, dementia, and mental health diffuse inadequately into the healthcare systems and communities where they might benefit older adults. We review a general framework for the diffusion of innovations and highlight the importance of other features of innovations that deter or facilitate diffusion...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657905/knowledge-of-postgraduate-medical-trainees-regarding-epidemiology
#8
Shoaib Shafi, Tayyaba Faisal, Sajida Naseem, Sajida Javed, Haider Ghazanfar
Introduction An understanding of epidemiology is fundamental for designing research and understanding evidence-based medicine (EBM). The purpose of our study was to determine the knowledge of epidemiology among postgraduate medical trainees. Methods We carried out a cross-sectional study from January 2017 to June 2017 at the Regional Centre Islamabad, College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. About 204 postgraduate medical trainee were enrolled in the study after taking written consent. All of the participants were working as a postgraduate medical trainee in different hospitals of Rawalpindi and Islamabad...
February 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657871/investigation-of-the-role-of-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-vntr-variant-on-the-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#9
Gül Dursun, Ayşe Feyda Nursal, Helin Deniz Demir, Nevin Karakuş, Osman Demir, Serbülent Yiğit
Objective: Behçet's disease (BD), a chronic multisystem inflammatory disorder, is mainly characterized by relapsing periods of a wide range of clinical symptoms. Several cytokine genes may play important roles in the pathogenesis of BD. Therefore, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) gene 86bp variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) variant was investigated in patients with BD in a Turkish population. Methods: One hundred nine patients (60 females, 49 males; the mean age±standard deviation [SD] was 36...
March 2018: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657577/the-influence-of-affirming-kindness-and-community-on-broadening-participation-in-stem-career-pathways
#10
Mica Estrada, Alegra Eroy-Reveles, John Matsui
The United States' inability to achieve equitable workforce development in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) career pathways is well-recognized and has been attributed to the poor retention of a diverse stream of students in academia. Social science theory and research provide evidence that social contextual variables-specifically kindness cues affirming social inclusion-influence chronic underrepresentation of some groups within STEM career pathways. Review of the literature suggests that the current STEM academic context does not consistently provide cues that affirm social inclusion to all members of the academic population, and that policies that address this disparity are essential to broadening STEM workforce development in the United States...
January 2018: Social Issues and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657499/age-estimation-in-indian-adults-by-the-coronal-pulp-cavity-index
#11
Vaishali Vasant Koranne, Amit A Mhapuskar, Swati P Marathe, Sameer A Joshi, Rashmi S Saddiwal, Shams Ul Nisa
Background: Age estimation from tooth coronal index (TCI) using intraoral periapical radiographs by paralleling technique based on a reduction in the size of the dental pulp cavity with advancing age as a result of secondary dentin deposition. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to estimate age for Indian adults using radiographs of mandibular first molar and second premolar teeth using coronal pulp cavity index. Materials and Methods: The study material consists of 400 intraoral periapical radiographs of mandibular second premolar and mandibular first molar from enrolled participants of either gender in the age group of 20-60 years...
September 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657348/rawls-s-wide-reflective-equilibrium-as-a-method-for-engaged-interdisciplinary-collaboration-potentials-and-limitations-for-the-context-of-technological-risks
#12
Neelke Doorn, Behnam Taebi
The introduction of new technologies in society is sometimes met with public resistance. Supported by public policy calls for "upstream engagement" and "responsible innovation," recent years have seen a notable rise in attempts to attune research and innovation processes to societal needs, so that stakeholders' concerns are taken into account in the design phase of technology. Both within the social sciences and in the ethics of technology, we see many interdisciplinary collaborations being initiated that aim to address tensions between various normative expectations about science and engineering and the actual outcomes...
May 2018: Science, Technology & Human Values
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657199/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-progression-of-primary-immunoglobulin-a-nephropathy
#13
Shankar Prasad Nagaraju, Dharshan Rangaswamy, Aswani Srinivas Mareddy, Srikanth Prasad, Sindhu Kaza, Srinivas Shenoy, Karan Saraf, Ravindra Prabhu Attur, Rajeevalochana Parthasarathy, Srinivas Kosuru, Uday Venkat Mateti, Vasudeva Guddattu, Sindhura Lakshmi Koulmane Laxminarayana
The role of obesity in the progression of primary glomerular diseases is controversial. A few studies report overweight/obesity as a risk factor for disease progression in immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN), and the real impact of it still remains unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on disease progression and proteinuria in patients with IgAN in Indian population. A cohort of biopsy-proven primary IgAN patients diagnosed between March 2010 and February 2015 who had a follow-up for a minimum of 12 months were included in the study...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657197/adamts-13-level-in-children-with-severe-diarrhea-associated-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-unmasking-new-association
#14
Naglaa A Khalifa, Heba H Gawish, Noora A Khalifa, Doaa M Tawfeek, Saed M Morsy
Severe deficiency of ADAMTS-13 leads to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Few studies have reported reduced activity of ADAMTS-13 in patients with atypical and typical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). We hypothesized that ADAMTS-13 deficiency might play a role in the pathogenesis of severe HUS. This study aimed to evaluate the ADAMTS-13 level in severe typical HUS. This prospective case-control study was carried out in the Pediatric Nephrology Unit and Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University from February 2013 to February 2014...
March 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656369/seeking-for-the-definition-of-culture-current-concerns-and-their-implications-a-comment-on-gustav-jahoda-s-article-critical-reflections-on-some-recent-definitions-of-culture
#15
Irina A Mironenko, Pavel S Sorokin
This article takes as a starting point the critical analysis of attempts to define "culture", offered by Jahoda in 2012. Basing on the observed proliferation of various, often contradicting, definitions of "culture" (for instance, trying to refer to its both internal and external aspects), Jahoda arrives at the conclusion that attempts to define the concept of "culture" are vain and useless and it is quite practicable simply to use the term without seeking to define it. We find it hard to agree with this statement...
April 14, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652611/an-assisted-living-interprofessional-education-and-practice-geriatric-screening-clinic-ipep-gsc-a-description-and-evaluation
#16
Jeannie Lee, Hannah Cioltan, Patty Goldsmith, Beverly Heasley, Marlene Dermody, Mindy Fain, Jane Mohler
As the U.S. population ages and lives longer, we need to assure that future providers are prepared to work in highly functioning interprofessional teams to deliver person-centered care for older adults with complex chronic conditions. Assisted living facilities are ideal venues in which to train interprofessional health sciences students in providing such care. After monthly clinics involving interprofessional students (from the colleges of medicine, nursing, pharmacy, public health, and school of social work) providing team-based care to older adults, students' post-clinic evaluations indicated perceived improvements in knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions about aging and care of older adults...
April 13, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650719/science-in-social-media-debating-the-effects-of-readmission-penalties
#17
Michael P Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650169/the-need-for-first-aid-education-for-adolescents
#18
Nur Amirah Mohd Sharif, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan, Farrah Ilyani Che Jamaludin, Mohd Khairul Zul Hasymi Firdaus
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify the need for basic first aid knowledge and skills among adolescents. METHOD: A cross-sectional study using multistage sampling was conducted among 375 secondary school students in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. The survey was adapted from a Hong Kong Red Cross survey. A back to back translation of this instrument was carried out by two bilingual medical experts with Cronbach's alpha 0.8. The data were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) in terms of descriptive analysis, and an independent t-test and chi-square test were carried out...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650064/the-physical-examination-as-ritual-social-sciences-and-embodiment-in-the-context-of-the-physical-examination
#19
REVIEW
Cari Costanzo, Abraham Verghese
The privilege of examining a patient is a skill of value beyond its diagnostic utility. A thorough physical examination is an important ritual that benefits patients and physicians. The concept of embodiment helps one understand how illness and pain further define and shape the lived experiences of individuals in the context of their race, gender, sexuality, and socioeconomic status. Understanding ritual in medicine, including the placebo effects of such rituals, reaffirms the centrality of the physical examination to the process of building strong physician-patient relationships...
May 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649253/prevalence-and-predictors-of-khat-chewing-among-ethiopian-university-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Alemu Gebrie, Animut Alebel, Abriham Zegeye, Bekele Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: Khat chewing has become a common practice among university students in developing countries like Ethiopia. It has a potential effect on physical, mental, social and cognitive aspects of student functioning. In Ethiopia, study findings regarding the prevalence of khat chewing were highly dispersed and inconsistent. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis estimates the pooled prevalence of khat chewing and its predictors among Ethiopian university students. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the prevalence and predictors of khat chewing among university students in Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
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