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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917188/assessing-the-factor-structure-of-the-childhood-trauma-questionnaire-and-cumulative-effect-of-abuse-and-neglect-on-mental-health-among-adolescents-in-conflict-affected-burundi
#1
Ruby Charak, J T V M de Jong, Lidewyde H Berckmoes, Herman Ndayisaba, Ria Reis
The present study aimed to examine the factor structure of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ; Bernstein & Fink, 1998), highlight rates of abuse and neglect among Burundian adolescents, compare these rates with those found in high-income nations, and examine the cumulative effect of multiple types of abuse and neglect on depression and PTSD symptoms. Participants were 231 adolescents and youth (M=14.9, SD=1.99, 58.4% female) from five provinces of Burundi, a country in Central Africa affected by war and political violence...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916897/improvement-of-quality-of-life-and-psychological-distress-after-inpatient-cancer-rehabilitation-results-of-a%C3%A2-longitudinal-observational-study
#2
David Riedl, Johannes M Giesinger, Lisa M Wintner, Fanny L Loth, Gerhard Rumpold, Richard Greil, Alain Nickels, Thomas Licht, Bernhard Holzner
BACKGROUND: With the growing number of cancer survivors worldwide the need for high quality cancer rehabilitation after primary treatment is steadily increasing. The aim of the present study was to investigate change of psychological distress and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) during multidisciplinary inpatient cancer rehabilitation in a large sample of cancer survivors suffering from different cancer entities. METHODS: We analyzed data from routine HRQOL and distress monitoring at a cancer inpatient rehabilitation center...
September 15, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915470/emotional-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-exploring-parent-and-teacher-reports
#3
Laura Crane, Emma Sumner, Elisabeth L Hill
BACKGROUND: Although characterised by motor impairments, children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) also show high rates of psychopathology (anxiety, depression, low self-esteem). Such findings have led to calls for the screening of mental health problems in this group. AIMS: To investigate patterns and profiles of emotional and behavioural problems in children with and without DCD, using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Teachers and parents completed SDQs for 30 children with DCD (7-10 years)...
September 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915338/neurocognitive-psychosocial-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#4
Matthew J Ehrhardt, Daniel A Mulrooney, Chenghong Li, Malek J Baassiri, Kari Bjornard, John T Sandlund, Tara M Brinkman, I-Chan Huang, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Kirsten K Ness, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Children with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) undergo treatment with central nervous system-directed therapy, the potentially neurotoxic effects of which have not been reported in NHL survivors. METHODS: NHL survivors (n = 187) participating in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort who were 10 or more years from their diagnosis and were 18 years old or older underwent neurocognitive, emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory 18), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessments (36-Item Short Form Health Survey)...
September 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914403/self-transformation-at-the-boundary-of-religious-conversion-and-psychosis
#5
Szabolcs Kéri
The relationship between religious conversion, as a form of spiritual emergency, and psychosis is one of the fundamental issues at the meeting point of theology and clinical psychology. In the present study, we assessed 53 individuals referred to a psychiatry center with the initial diagnosis of a psychotic episode by focusing on the clinical diagnosis (psychosis vs. spiritual emergency), subjective experiences (basic symptoms), and neuropsychological functions. Twenty-nine individuals meet the diagnosis of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, but 24 persons experienced only religious and spiritual problems (religious conversion)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914089/art-museum-based-intervention-to-promote-emotional-well-being-and-improve-quality-of-life-in-people-with-dementia-the-artemis-project
#6
Arthur Schall, Valentina A Tesky, Ann-Katrin Adams, Johannes Pantel
ARTEMIS (ART Encounters: Museum Intervention Study) is an art-based intervention designed especially for people with dementia and their care partners that involves a combination of museum visits and artistic activity. This paper reports the results of a randomized wait-list controlled study on the influence of the ARTEMIS intervention on the emotional state, well-being, and quality of life of dementia patients. People with mild-to-moderate dementia (n = 44) and their care partners (n = 44) visited the Frankfurt Städel Museum once a week on six pre-arranged occasions...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912210/sex-differences-in-clinical-characteristics-psychosocial-factors-and-outcomes-among-patients-with-stable-coronary-heart-disease-insights-from-the-stability-stabilization-of-atherosclerotic-plaque-by-initiation-of-darapladib-therapy-trial
#7
Patricia Oliveira Guimarães, Christopher B Granger, Amanda Stebbins, Karen Chiswell, Claes Held, Judith S Hochman, Susan Krug-Gourley, Eva Lonn, Renato D Lopes, Ralph A H Stewart, Dragos Vinereanu, Lars Wallentin, Harvey D White, Emil Hagström, Nicolas Danchin
BACKGROUND: Greater understanding of differences between men and women with coronary heart disease is needed. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this post hoc analysis of the STABILITY (Stabilization of Atherosclerotic Plaque by Initiation of Darapladib Therapy) trial, we described psychosocial factors, treatments, and outcomes of men versus women with stable coronary heart disease and explored the association of sex with psychosocial characteristics and cardiovascular risk...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912037/the-role-of-mental-imagery-in-mood-amplification-an-investigation-across-subclinical-features-of-bipolar-disorders
#8
Caitlin O'Donnell, Martina Di Simplicio, Randi Brown, Emily A Holmes, Stephanie Burnett Heyes
Vivid emotional mental imagery has been identified across a range of mental disorders. In bipolar spectrum disorders - psychopathologies characterized by mood swings that alternate between depression and mania, and include irritability and mixed affect states - mental imagery has been proposed to drive instability in both 'positive' and 'negative' mood. That is, mental imagery can act as an "emotional amplifier". The current experimental study tested this hypothesis and investigated imagery characteristics associated with mood amplification using a spectrum approach to psychopathology...
August 18, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911266/behavioral-and-brain-oscillatory-correlates-of-affective-processing-in-subclinical-depression
#9
Jaroslav Slobodskoy-Plusnin
Named among the most dangerous diseases of the modern era, depression is characterized primarily by distortions in the affective sphere. Despite extensive investigations of underlying the neural background, mechanisms of the distortion still remain unknown. The current study analyzed brain oscillatory dynamics in different frequencies during resting state and presentation of affective stimuli in nonclinical individuals with high Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) scores (HB) versus controls. Both behavioral and electrocortical "markers" of clinical depression were apparent at subclinical level...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910132/modified-african-ngoma-healing-ceremony-for-stress-reduction-a-pilot-study
#10
Ava LaVonne Vinesett, Riitta Rutanen Whaley, Cheryl Woods-Giscombe, Paul Dennis, Medina Johnson, Yin Li, Pline Mounzeo, Mabiba Baegne, Kenneth H Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Indigenous people's ceremonies using rhythm and dance have been used for countless generations throughout the world for healing, conflict resolution, social bonding, and spiritual experience. A previous study reported that a ceremony based on the Central African ngoma tradition was favorably received by a group of Americans. The present trial compared the effects of the modified ngoma ceremony (Ngoma) with those of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in a randomized pilot study...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905640/neurobiological-mechanisms-of-exercise-and-psychotherapy-in-depression-the-speed-study-rationale-design-and-methodological-issues
#11
Stephan Heinzel, Michael A Rapp, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas Ströhle, Christina Terán, Gunnar Kallies, Melanie Schwefel, Andreas Heissel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Even though cognitive behavioral therapy has become a relatively effective treatment for major depressive disorder and cognitive behavioral therapy-related changes of dysfunctional neural activations were shown in recent studies, remission rates still remain at an insufficient level. Therefore, the implementation of effective augmentation strategies is needed. In recent meta-analyses, exercise therapy (especially endurance exercise) was reported to be an effective intervention in major depressive disorder...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905482/energy-drink-consumption-among-new-zealand-adolescents-associations-with-mental-health-health-risk-behaviours-and-body-size
#12
Jennifer Utter, Simon Denny, Tasileta Teevale, Janie Sheridan
AIM: With the increase in popularity of energy drinks come multiple concerns about the associated health indicators of young people. The current study aims to describe the frequency of consumption of energy drinks in a nationally representative sample of adolescents and to explore the relationship between energy drink consumption and health risk behaviours, body size and mental health. METHODS: Data were collected as part of Youth'12, a nationally representative survey of high school students in New Zealand (2012)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904603/mindfulness-based-treatment-for-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Sanja Bojic, Rodrigo Becerra
Despite the increasing number of studies examining the effects of mindfulness interventions on symptoms associated with Bipolar Disorder (BD), the effectiveness of this type of interventions remains unclear. The aim of the present systematic review was to (i) critically review all available evidence on Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) as a form of intervention for BD; (ii) discuss clinical implications of MBCT in treating patients with BD; and (iii) provide a direction for future research. The review presents findings from 13 studies (N = 429) that fulfilled the following selection criteria: (i) included BD patients; (ii) presented results separately for BD patients and control groups (where a control group was available); (iii) implemented MBCT intervention; (iv) were published in English; (v) were published in a peer reviewed journal; and (vi) reported results for adult participants...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903968/what-factors-are-associated-with-reporting-lacking-interest-in-sex-and-how-do-these-vary-by-gender-findings-from-the-third-british-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles
#14
Cynthia A Graham, Catherine H Mercer, Clare Tanton, Kyle G Jones, Anne M Johnson, Kaye Wellings, Kirstin R Mitchell
OBJECTIVES: To investigate factors associated with reporting lacking interest in sex and how these vary by gender. SETTING: British general population. DESIGN: Complex survey analyses of data collected for a cross-sectional probability sample survey, undertaken 2010-2012, specifically logistic regression to calculate age-adjusted OR (AOR) to identify associated factors. PARTICIPANTS: 4839 men and 6669 women aged 16-74 years who reported ≥1 sexual partner (opposite-sex or same-sex) in the past year for the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3)...
September 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903637/helping-others-regulate-emotion-predicts-increased-regulation-of-one-s-own-emotions-and-decreased-symptoms-of-depression
#15
Bruce P Doré, Robert R Morris, Daisy A Burr, Rosalind W Picard, Kevin N Ochsner
Although much research considers how individuals manage their own emotions, less is known about the emotional benefits of regulating the emotions of others. We examined this topic in a 3-week study of an online platform providing training and practice in the social regulation of emotion. We found that participants who engaged more by helping others (vs. sharing and receiving support for their own problems) showed greater decreases in depression, mediated by increased use of reappraisal in daily life. Moreover, social regulation messages with more other-focused language (i...
May 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901998/relationships-between-components-of-emotional-intelligence-and-suicidal-behavior-in-alcohol-dependent-patients
#16
Maciej Kopera, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Anna Klimkiewicz, Hubert Suszek, Aleksandra Krasowska, Kirk J Brower, Marcin Wojnar
OBJECTIVES: The importance of investigating various emotional skills in assessment of suicide risk in alcohol-dependent (AD) individuals has recently become the focus of increasing interest. The objective of this study was to explore the relationships between self-reported components of emotional intelligence and lifetime prevalence of suicide attempts in a clinical sample of AD subjects. METHODS: A group of 80 inpatients entering an alcohol treatment program in Warsaw, Poland, was recruited...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901577/suppression-mediates-the-effect-of-5-httlpr-by-stress-interaction-on%C3%A2-depression
#17
Gennady G Knyazev, Daria V Bazovkina, Alexander N Savostyanov, Vladimir S Naumenko, Valeriya B Kuznetsova, Ekaterina A Proshina
A number of studies have shown that the presence of short (S), as opposed to long (L), allele of the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) is associated with a higher risk for depression following exposure to stressful life events. However, many other studies failed to confirm this association. One reason for this inconsistency might be the fact that the interaction of the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism with stress may relate not to depression per se, but rather to adaptive or maladaptive emotion regulation strategies...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900859/efficacy-of-surah-al-rehman-in-managing-depression-in-muslim-women
#18
Rafia Rafique, Afifa Anjum, Shazza Shazdey Raheem
The study empirically investigated the idea that Quranic verses (Surah Al-Rehman) can help manage depression. Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said, "Everything has an adornment, and the adornment of the Qur'an is Surah Al-Rehman." Surah Al-Rehman is the most rhythmic surah of the Quran, so it was used for our experimental study. The idea of the study was drawn from the premise that music therapy helps reduce depression. The objective of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of Surah Al-Rehman for managing depression in Muslim women admitted for treatment of major depressive disorder in a psychiatry ward of a government hospital...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900686/changes-in-marijuana-use-symptoms-and-emotional-functioning-over-28-days-of-monitored-abstinence-in-adolescent-marijuana-users
#19
Joanna Jacobus, Lindsay M Squeglia, Silvia Escobar, Benjamin M McKenna, Margie Mejia Hernandez, Kara S Bagot, Charles T Taylor, Marilyn A Huestis
RATIONALE: Advancing marijuana prevention and intervention efforts are important given the decreasing perception of harm among adolescents and increasing marijuana legalization. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates how a monitored abstinence protocol may contribute to emotional functioning and changes in marijuana problems that can enhance successful outcomes for non-treatment-seeking adolescent marijuana users. METHODS: Adolescent marijuana users (n = 26) and demographically matched controls (n = 30) completed 28 days of monitored abstinence confirmed by biweekly urine toxicology...
September 12, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900322/stigma-perceived-by-women-following-surgery-for-breast-cancer
#20
Lopamudra Tripathi, Soumitra Shankar Datta, Sanjit Kumar Agrawal, Sanjoy Chatterjee, Rosina Ahmed
CONTEXT: Women undergoing treatment for breast cancer often have psychological morbidity and body image difficulties. The risk factors for increased levels of stigma in women with breast cancer have not been adequately studied. AIMS: This study aimed at investigating the associations of high levels of stigma in women with breast cancer. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a comprehensive cancer center in India and recruited women (n = 134) undergoing surgical treatment for breast cancer...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
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