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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141362/-evaluation-of-the-psychological-feature-and-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-somatic-symptoms-disorder-in-a-general-hospital
#1
F H Cui, N N Xiong, X Hong, Y P Duan, J Wei
Objective: To explore the psychological features and quality of life in outpatients with somatic symptoms disorder in a general hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2014-05 to 2015-06. Patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) and somatic symptoms disorder (SSD) were recruited from psychological outpatient department, and patients with peptic ulcer (PU) / reflux esophagitis (RE) were recruited from Gastroenterology. Depression scale of the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), Toronto Alexithymia scale (TAS), 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12), items from Somatoform Disorder Screening Questionnaire were employed to evaluate the severity of depression, anxiety, alexithymia, quality of life, health care use and subjective feelings...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138442/uv-irradiation-to-mouse-skin-decreases-hippocampal-neurogenesis-and-synaptic-protein-expression-via-hpa-axis-activation
#2
Mira Han, Jae-Jun Ban, Jung-Soo Bae, Chang-Yup Shin, Dong Hun Lee, Jin Ho Chung
The skin senses external environment, including ultraviolet light (UV). Hippocampus is a brain region that is responsible for memory and emotion. However, changes in hippocampus by UV irradiation to the skin have not been studied. In this study, after 2 weeks of UV irradiation to the mouse skin, we examined molecular changes related to cognitive functions in the hippocampus and activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. UV exposure to the skin decreased doublecortin-positive immature neurons and synaptic proteins, including N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 2 A and postsynaptic density protein-95, in the hippocampus...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138432/social-support-as-a-key-protective-factor-against-depression-in-hiv-infected-patients-report-from-large-hiv-clinics-in-hanoi-vietnam
#3
Shoko Matsumoto, Kazue Yamaoka, Kenzo Takahashi, Junko Tanuma, Daisuke Mizushima, Cuong Duy Do, Dung Thi Nguyen, Hoai Dung Thi Nguyen, Kinh Van Nguyen, Shinichi Oka
Depression is the most common mental health issue among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). This study explored how different types and sources of social support are associated with depression among HIV-infected patients in Vietnam. We carried out a cross-sectional survey on 1,503 HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy at two HIV clinics in Hanoi in 2016. Depression was prevalent in 26.2% of participants. Higher score of social support, especially emotional/informational support and positive social interaction, showed significant association with lower depression rate...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136514/rejection-sensitivity-interpersonal-rejection-and-attention-for-emotional-facial-expressions
#4
Morganne A Kraines, Lucas J A Kelberer, Tony T Wells
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rejection sensitivity (RS), attention for depression-relevant stimuli, and interpersonal rejection are established risk factors for depression. RS has previously been associated with increased attention for socially threatening faces, but has not been examined in the context of specifically depression-relevant stimuli. The current study examined whether RS influences attention for emotional facial expressions in the context of social rejection or inclusion. METHODS: Participants (n = 180) completed a self-report measure of RS and a free viewing eye tracking task before and after an experimental task (Cyberball) in which participants were randomized to be included or rejected...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136103/personality-and-primary-emotional-traits-disentangling-multiple-sclerosis-related-fatigue-and-depression
#5
Cornelia Sindermann, Jochen Saliger, Jörn Nielsen, Hans Karbe, Sebastian Markett, Maria Stavrou, Christian Montag
Objective: It remains an unresolved research objective to clarify the overlap/association between fatigue (especially its cognitive facet) and depression in People with MS (PwMS). Therefore, in this study the patterns of personality and primary emotional traits (PETs) associated with each (motoric/cognitive fatigue and depression in PwMS) were investigated and compared in order to disentangle the three constructs in PwMS. Additionally, differences in personality and PETs between PwMS and healthy controls (HC) were examined...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135321/interactivity-presence-and-targeted-patient-care-mapping-e-health-intervention-effects-over-time-for-cancer-patients-with-depression
#6
Sojung Claire Kim, Bret R Shaw, Dhavan V Shah, Robert P Hawkins, Suzanne Pingree, Fiona M McTavish, David H Gustafson
This study examined the interplay of depression and different types of e-health interventions on breast cancer patients' perceived healthcare competence, emotional processing, and social well-being over time. The three e-health interventions--Internet Only as a control condition, CHESS (Comprehensive Health Enhancement Support System) Only, and CHESS with a Human Mentor, a cancer information specialist--provided varying degrees of interactivity and presence. A total of 328 women with breast cancer participated in one of the three interventions for a 6-month period...
November 14, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135060/a-study-to-determine-the-prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-a-young-adult-population-and-its-association-with-psychological-and-functional-occlusal-parameters
#7
Hemant Maheshkumar Jivnani, Shuchi Tripathi, Rama Shanker, Balendra Pratap Singh, Kaushal Kishor Agrawal, Rameshwari Singhal
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in medical university students and to analyze the relationship of TMD with psychological and functional occlusal parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 200 students (mean age 21.81 ± 1.99) were screened for TMD with the TMD Pain Screener. Clinical examinations identified the participants with TMD. Based on their diagnostic criteria for TMD (DC/TMD) axis I diagnosis, participants were divided into three groups: group 1- non-TMD, group 2- pain related TMD and headaches, and group 3- intra-articular joint disorders...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132998/waiting-for-radiology-test-results-patient%C3%A2-expectations-and-emotional-disutility
#8
Sean Woolen, Ella A Kazerooni, Amber Wall, Kelly Parent, Shannon Cahalan, Mitchell Alameddine, Matthew S Davenport
PURPOSE: To measure patient willingness to wait and emotional disutility of waiting for outpatient imaging test results. METHODS: A prospective HIPAA-compliant multicenter outpatient quality improvement survey was administered by a trained interviewer to 218 outpatients from November 1, 2016, to February 1, 2017. The survey was vetted by patient- and family-centered care advocates with experience in survey design and underwent precognitive testing for readability...
November 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132073/evaluation-of-a-text-message-based-maintenance-intervention-for-major-depressive-disorder-after-inpatient-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#9
Sandra Schlicker, David D Ebert, Thomas Middendorf, Ingrid Titzler, Matthias Berking
INTRODUCTION: High relapse rates in Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) indicate the need for interventions enhancing the sustainability of treatment outcomes. Primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a text-message-based maintenance intervention for depression (TMMI-D). Additionally, we aimed to clarify whether the use of individualized messages would lead to better outcome than the use of standardized messages which focused upon adaptive ways of regulating undesired emotions...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131705/early-education-and-employment-outcomes-after-cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#10
Silja Kosola, Maria C McCarthy, Robyn McNeil, Lisa M Orme, Sarah Drew, Susan M Sawyer
PURPOSE: This study describes the early educational and vocational outcomes of Australian adolescents and young adults (AYAs) after cancer diagnosis and examines factors associated with these outcomes. METHODS: Within this cross-sectional national Australian study, 196 AYAs aged 15-25 years at cancer diagnosis and within 6-24 months of diagnosis were recruited from 18 sites. Participants completed a survey that included questions about school and work outcomes, support received regarding necessary changes to education and vocation, and validated measures of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131692/stigma-and-counter-stigma-frames-cues-and-exemplification-comparing-news-coverage-of-depression-in-the-english-and-spanish-language-media-in-the-u-s
#11
Weirui Wang
A content analysis was conducted to compare news coverage of depression in the English- and Spanish-language media in the United States (N = 355). The study revealed that the English-language media reported stereotypes more frequently than the Spanish-language news media. The presence of all four types of stereotypes (i.e., the mentally ill as violent, suicidal, incompetent, and weak) was associated with the increased use of the stigma frame in the English-language news media, while only the violence stereotype was associated with the increased use of the stigma frame in the Spanish-language news media...
November 13, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131378/physiological-benefits-to-parents-from-undertaking-skin-to-skin-contact-with-their-neonate-in-a-neonatal-intensive-special-care-unit
#12
Hannah Jones, Nick Santamaria
There has been increased focus on the use of family-centred care interventions, such as skin-to-skin contact (SSC) in Neonatal Intensive Special Care (NISC) Units over the past two decades. SSC between a parent and their neonate has previously shown to promote positive mental and emotional health in parents and assist in bonding and attachment between parent and neonate. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect that SSC between parent and their neonate has on the parent's heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP)...
November 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130724/probiotics-for-fibromyalgia-study-design-for-a-pilot-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Pablo Roman, Ángeles F Estévez, Nuria Sánchez-Labraca, Fernando Cañadas, Alonso Miras, Diana Cardona
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic, generalized and diffuse pain disorder accompanied by other symptoms such as emotional and cognitive deficits. The FMS patients show a high prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms. Recently it has been found that microbes in the gut may regulate brain processes through the gut-microbiota-brain axis, modulating thus affection, motivation and higher cognitive functions. Therefore, the use of probiotics might be a new treatment that could improve the physical, psychological and cognitive state in FMS; however, no evidence about this issue is available...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130548/reliability-and-validity-of-the-arabic-ptsd-checklist-civilian-version-pcl-c-in-women-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence
#14
Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong, Fadia AlBuhairan
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors are at high risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), PTSD has been considered a disorder specific to Western culture. There is a lack of reliable and valid measures of PTSD symptomology available in the Arab world, and there is still no clear evidence about the underlying factor structure of PTSD symptomology in the context of IPV. Thus, in the present study we investigated the construct validity (factor structure), internal consistency, and concurrent validity of a translated version of the PTSD Checklist Civilian Version (PCL-C) in a sample of 299 Saudi women who had experienced IPV...
November 11, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130400/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-depression-with-integrated-techniques-from-emotion-focused-and-exposure-therapies
#15
Martin Grosse Holtforth, Tobias Krieger, Johannes Zimmermann, David Altenstein-Yamanaka, Nadja Dörig, Laurence Meisch, Adele M Hayes
BACKGROUND: Emotional processing (EP) is hypothesized to be a key mechanism of change in psychotherapy that may enhance its long-term efficacy. To study the effects of fostering EP in psychotherapy for depression, this randomized-controlled clinical trial compares the efficacy and pattern of change of a cognitive-behavioral therapy that integrates emotion-focused techniques within an exposure framework (Exposure-Based Cognitive Therapy for depression; EBCT-R) to a standard cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)...
November 12, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129791/resting-state-networks-mediate-the-effect-of-genotype-by-environment-interaction-on-mental-health
#16
Gennady G Knyazev, Alexander N Savostyanov, Andrey V Bocharov, Daria V Bazovkina, Ekaterina A Proshina
A number of studies have shown that the presence of short (S) allele of the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) is associated with a higher risk for depression following exposure to stressful life events. These findings are in line with neuroimaging studies showing that 5-HTTLPR polymorphism has an effect on the connectivity among key areas involved in emotion regulation. Here using mediated moderation analysis, we show that electrophysiological manifestations of resting state networks in the alpha frequency band mediate the effect of 5-HTTLPR by stress interaction on depression/anxiety symptoms in a nonclinical sample...
November 9, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129318/does-childhood-trauma-moderate-polygenic-risk-for-depression-a-meta-analysis-of-5765-subjects-from-the-psychiatric-genomics-consortium
#17
Wouter J Peyrot, Sandra Van der Auwera, Yuri Milaneschi, Conor V Dolan, Pamela A F Madden, Patrick F Sullivan, Jana Strohmaier, Stephan Ripke, Marcella Rietschel, Michel G Nivard, Niamh Mullins, Grant W Montgomery, Anjali K Henders, Andrew C Heat, Helen L Fisher, Erin C Dunn, Enda M Byrne, Tracy A Air, Bernhard T Baune, Gerome Breen, Douglas F Levinson, Cathryn M Lewis, Nick G Martin, Elliot N Nelson, Dorret I Boomsma, Hans J Grabe, Naomi R Wray, Brenda W J H Penninx
BACKGROUND: The heterogeneity of genetic effects on major depressive disorder (MDD) may be partly attributable to moderation of genetic effects by environment, such as exposure to childhood trauma (CT). Indeed, previous findings in two independent cohorts showed evidence for interaction between polygenic risk scores (PRSs) and CT, albeit in opposing directions. This study aims to meta-analyze MDD-PRS × CT interaction results across these two and other cohorts, while applying more accurate PRSs based on a larger discovery sample...
September 21, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129190/moderators-of-sudden-gains-after-sessions-addressing-emotion-regulation-among-women-in-treatment-for-alcohol-use
#18
Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Elizabeth E Epstein, Jumi Hayaki, James S Marinchak, Barbara S McCrady, Sharon M Cook
Sudden gains (SGs) are defined as abrupt and significant improvements in mental health symptoms that occur between two psychotherapy sessions. Preliminary evidence suggests that SGs may be an important pattern of symptom reduction in the treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD) (i.e., a steep between-session reduction in drinking or alcohol craving frequency or intensity) (Drapkin, Epstein, McCrady, & Eddie, 2015). The current study examined SGs within two randomized clinical trials (RCTs) testing female-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) protocol for AUD (n=146)...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128806/emotional-disorders-induced-by-hemopressin-and-rvd-hemopressin-%C3%AE-administration-in-rats
#19
Sheila Leone, Lucia Recinella, Annalisa Chiavaroli, Sara Martinotti, Claudio Ferrante, Adriano Mollica, Giorgia Macedonio, Azzurra Stefanucci, Szabolcs Dvorácskó, Csaba Tömböly, Luciano De Petrocellis, Michele Vacca, Luigi Brunetti, Giustino Orlando
BACKGROUND: The endocannabinoid (eCB) system plays an important role in regulating emotional disorders, and is involved, directly or indirectly, in psychiatric diseases, such as anxiety and depression. Hemopressin, a hemoglobin α chain-derived peptide, and RVD-hemopressin(α), a N-terminally extended form of hemopressin, act as antagonist/inverse agonist and negative allosteric modulator of the cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptor, respectively. METHODS: Considering the possible involvement of these peptides on emotional behaviour, the aim of our study was to investigate the behavioural effects of a single intraperitoneal (ip) injection of hemopressin (0...
June 23, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128785/the-critical-role-of-internalized-hiv-related-stigma-in-the-daily-negative-affective-experiences-of-hiv-positive-gay-and-bisexual-men
#20
H Jonathon Rendina, Brett M Millar, Jeffrey T Parsons
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that HIV stigma exerts a detrimental impact on the mental health of HIV-positive gay and bisexual men (GBM). We sought to better understand these processes by examining two forms of HIV stigma (i.e., anticipated and internalized) at two levels (i.e., individual and situational) in association with daily negative affective experiences. METHODS: We conducted a 21-day twice-daily ecological momentary assessment study of 51 HIV-positive GBM...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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