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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783216/-complex-of-psycho-hygienic-correction-measures-of-personality-features-of-hiv-infected-men-and-evaluation-of-their-efficiency
#1
Ihor V Serheta, Oksana B Dudarenko, Olha P Mostova, Tetiana V Lobastova, Vitalii M Andriichuk, Larysa M Vakolyuk, Olha M Yakubovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In addition to adequate diagnosis and treatment of HIV-infected individuals, development, scientific substantiation and implementation of psycho-hygienic measures aimed at correcting the processes of forming personality traits and improving the psycho-emotional state of HIV-infected individuals are of particular importance. The aim: The purpose of the scientific research was to determine the most significant changes of situational and personal anxiety indicators, the degree of gravity of the asthenic state and depressive manifestations that were recorded in the context of the introduction of a number of measures for psycho-hygienic correction...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781664/the-online-social-support-scale-measure-development-and-validation
#2
Elizabeth A Nick, David A Cole, Sun-Joo Cho, Darcy K Smith, T Grace Carter, Rachel L Zelkowitz
A new measure, the Online Social Support Scale, was developed based on previous theory, research, and measurement of in-person social support. It includes four subscales: Esteem/Emotional Support, Social Companionship, Informational Support, and Instrumental Support. In college and community samples, factor analytic and item response theory results suggest that subtypes of in-person social support also pertain in the online world. Evidence of reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity provide excellent psychometric support for the measure...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781646/emotional-clarity-development-and-psychosocial-outcomes-during-adolescence
#3
Liza M Haas, Brae Anne McArthur, Taylor A Burke, Thomas M Olino, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
Past research on emotional clarity (EC), the ability to identify and label one's own emotions, has illustrated an association between EC deficits and poor psychosocial outcomes during the adolescent years. Although past research has connected EC to psychosocial outcomes during adolescence in cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, no studies have traced the trajectory of EC over time to determine the developmental course of the construct during adolescence. Thus, this study investigated how EC developed over five years during adolescence and what factors were associated with the developmental trajectory of emotional clarity...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781643/microstructural-integrity-of-a-pathway-connecting-the-prefrontal-cortex-and-amygdala-moderates-the-association-between-cognitive-reappraisal-and-negative-emotions
#4
Tracy C d'Arbeloff, M Justin Kim, Annchen R Knodt, Spenser R Radtke, Bartholomew D Brigidi, Ahmad R Hariri
Cognitive reappraisal is a commonly used form of emotion regulation that utilizes frontal-executive control to reframe an approaching emotional event to moderate its potential psychological impact. Use of cognitive reappraisal has been associated with diminished experience of anxiety and depressive symptoms, as well as greater overall well-being. Using data from a study of 647 healthy young adults, we provide initial evidence that an association between typical use of cognitive reappraisal in daily life and the experience of anxiety and depressive symptoms is moderated by the microstructural integrity of the uncinate fasciculus, which provides a major anatomical link between the amygdala and prefrontal cortex...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780430/healthcare-professionals-perceptions-on-the-emotional-impact-of-having-an-inadequate-response-to-antidepressant-medications-survey-and-prospective-patient-audit
#5
Rajnish Mago, Andrea Fagiolini, Emmanuelle Weiller, Catherine Weiss
Background: Despite the availability of effective antidepressants, about half of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) display an inadequate response to their initial treatment. A large patient survey recently reported that 29.8% of MDD patients experiencing an inadequate treatment response felt frustrated about their medication and 19.2% were frustrated with their healthcare provider. This survey and chart audit evaluated healthcare professionals' (HCP) views on the emotional impact of having an inadequate response to antidepressant medication...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780332/myoclonic-jerks-and-schizophreniform-syndrome-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Dominique Endres, Dirk-M Altenmüller, Bernd Feige, Simon J Maier, Kathrin Nickel, Sabine Hellwig, Jördis Rausch, Christiane Ziegler, Katharina Domschke, John P Doerr, Karl Egger, Ludger Tebartz van Elst
Background: Schizophreniform syndromes can be divided into primary idiopathic forms as well as different secondary organic subgroups (e.g., paraepileptic, epileptic, immunological, or degenerative). Secondary epileptic explanatory approaches have often been discussed in the past, due to the high rates of electroencephalography (EEG) alterations in patients with schizophrenia. In particular, temporal lobe epilepsy is known to be associated with schizophreniform symptoms in well-described constellations. In the literature, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy has been linked to emotionally unstable personality traits, depression, anxiety, and executive dysfunction; however, the association with schizophrenia is largely unclear...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780315/automatic-processing-of-changes-in-facial-emotions-in-dysphoria-a-magnetoencephalography-study
#7
Qianru Xu, Elisa M Ruohonen, Chaoxiong Ye, Xueqiao Li, Kairi Kreegipuu, Gabor Stefanics, Wenbo Luo, Piia Astikainen
It is not known to what extent the automatic encoding and change detection of peripherally presented facial emotion is altered in dysphoria. The negative bias in automatic face processing in particular has rarely been studied. We used magnetoencephalography (MEG) to record automatic brain responses to happy and sad faces in dysphoric (Beck's Depression Inventory ≥ 13) and control participants. Stimuli were presented in a passive oddball condition, which allowed potential negative bias in dysphoria at different stages of face processing (M100, M170, and M300) and alterations of change detection (visual mismatch negativity, vMMN) to be investigated...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779745/the-impact-of-visual-art-and-emotional-sounds-in-specific-musical-anhedonia
#8
Ernest Mas-Herrero, Mikko Karhulahti, Josep Marco-Pallares, Robert J Zatorre, Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells
A small percentage of healthy individuals do not find music pleasurable, a condition known as specific musical anhedonia. These individuals have no impairment in music perception which might account for their anhedonia; their sensitivity to primary and secondary rewards is also preserved, and they do not show generalized depression. However, it is still unclear whether this condition is entirely specific to music, or rather reflects a more general deficit in experiencing pleasure, either from aesthetic rewards in general, or in response to other types of emotional sounds...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778804/emotion-introspection-and-regulation-in-depression
#9
Uwe Herwig, Sarah Opialla, Katja Cattapan, Thomas C Wetter, Lutz Jäncke, Annette B Brühl
Depressed patients suffer from an impairment to voluntarily influence and regulate their unpleasant emotional state. Strengthening the mental ability to interfere with dysfunctional emotion processing may be beneficial in treating depression. According to models of emotion processing this may be done by successful down-regulation of enhanced amygdala activity. We investigated short periods of intentional emotion-introspection compared with cognitive self-reflection as two domains of self-awareness in terms of effects on emotion regulation...
May 9, 2018: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778053/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-happiness-among-adults-in-the-general-population
#10
Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Vladislav Ruchkin, Yosuke Inoue, Aki Yazawa, Yoko Kamio
Despite an increasing focus on the role of mood and emotions in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as yet, there has been comparatively little research on positive emotions. To address this research gap, the current study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and happiness using data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. The analytic sample comprised 7274 adults aged 18 and above residing in private households in England. Information was collected on ADHD symptoms using the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) Screener, while happiness was assessed with a single (3-point) measure...
May 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778052/self-reported-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-relationship-to-abuse-risk-behaviors-trauma-symptoms-self-esteem-and-attachment
#11
Maria Zetterqvist, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Gisela Priebe, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson
This study focuses on a conceptually unexplored behavior among adolescents who report deliberately using sex as a means of self-injury. In a large high school-based sample (n = 5743), adolescents who engaged in sex as self-injury (SASI, n = 43) were compared to adolescents who reported direct nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI, n = 933) and those who reported both NSSI and SASI (n = 82). Results showed that significantly more adolescents with SASI had experience of penetrating sexual abuse, as well as more sexual partners compared to those with NSSI...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778018/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-anti-depressant-medicinal-plants-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777410/startling-differences-using-the-acoustic-startle-response-to-study-sex-differences-and-neurosteroids-in-affective-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Liisa Hantsoo, Carla E M Golden, Sara Kornfield, Christian Grillon, C Neill Epperson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neuroactive steroid hormones, such as estradiol and progesterone, likely play a role in the pathophysiology of female-specific psychiatric disorders such as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and postpartum depression and may contribute to the marked sex differences observed in the incidence and presentation of affective disorders. However, few tools are available to study the precise contributions of these neuroactive steroids (NSs). In this review, we propose that the acoustic startle response (ASR), an objective measure of an organism's response to an emotional context or stressor, is sensitive to NSs...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777382/mood-sexuality-and-relational-intimacy-after-starting-androgen-deprivation-therapy-implications-for-couples
#14
Lauren M Walker, Pablo Santos-Iglesias, John Robinson
BACKGROUND: Patients on androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), a common treatment for prostate cancer, report significant declines in quality of life and detrimental impact on their intimate relationships. ADT depresses a man's testosterone to castrate levels, leading to declines in sexual function, and changes in mood. These changes can have profound impact on couples' intimate relationships. METHOD: Patients undergoing ADT, and their consenting partners, were followed on a variety of outcomes relating to mood, sexual changes, and relational intimacy...
May 18, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777198/aberrant-working-memory-processing-in-major-depression-evidence-from-multivoxel-pattern-classification
#15
Matti Gärtner, M Elisabetta Ghisu, Milan Scheidegger, Luisa Bönke, Yan Fan, Anna Stippl, Ana-Lucia Herrera-Melendez, Sophie Metz, Emilia Winnebeck, Maria Fissler, Anke Henning, Malek Bajbouj, Karsten Borgwardt, Thorsten Barnhofer, Simone Grimm
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is often accompanied by severe impairments in working memory (WM). Neuroimaging studies investigating the mechanisms underlying these impairments have produced conflicting results. It remains unclear whether MDD patients show hyper- or hypoactivity in WM-related brain regions and how potential aberrations in WM processing may contribute to the characteristic dysregulation of cognition-emotion interactions implicated in the maintenance of the disorder. In order to shed light on these questions and to overcome limitations of previous studies, we applied a multivoxel pattern classification approach to investigate brain activity in large samples of MDD patients (N = 57) and matched healthy controls (N = 61) during a WM task that incorporated positive, negative, and neutral stimuli...
May 2, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776708/predictors-of-treatment-outcome-for-the-unified-protocol-for-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-in-children-up-c
#16
Sarah M Kennedy, Niza A Tonarely, Jamie A Sherman, Jill Ehrenreich-May
Various efficacious treatment packages exist for youth anxiety, and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is now considered to be a well-established treatment for child anxiety disorders (Higa-McMillan, Francis, Rith-Najarian, & Chorpita, 2016). Improving outcomes for the significant proportion of anxious youth who demonstrate inadequate response to CBT is imperative, but our understanding of who does and does not benefit is incomplete. Further, there are no known empirical studies of predictors of treatment response for youth who receive a transdiagnostic intervention for anxiety or depression, and it is therefore unclear whether predictors of response to a transdiagnostic treatment for children are similar to those found in previous studies of anxiety-specific treatments...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775874/emotion-regulation-as-a-predictor-of-the-endocrine-autonomic-affective-and-symptomatic-stress-response-and-recovery
#17
Katarina Krkovic, Annika Clamor, Tania M Lincoln
Stress is associated with the development of mental disorders such as depression and psychosis. The ability to regulate emotions is likely to influence how individuals respond to and recover from acute stress, and may thus be relevant to symptom development. To test this, we investigated whether self-reported emotion regulation predicts the endocrine, autonomic, affective, and symptomatic response to and recovery from a stressor. Social-evaluative stress was induced by the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in N = 67 healthy individuals (53...
April 30, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774955/examining-the-factors-that-are-correlated-with-mindfulness-with-a-focus-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms
#18
Burcu Goksan Yavuz, Mesut Yavuz, Arzu Onal
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms would negatively correlate with the level of mindfulness. DESIGN AND METHOD: Seventy-six subjects referred to the outpatient psychiatry unit and 32 healthy control subjects filled out the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS), and the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS). FINDINGS: Patients scored higher on ADH symptoms compared to controls (p ≤ ...
May 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773946/utility-of-the-care-dependency-scale-in-predicting-care-needs-and-health-risks-of-elderly-patients-admitted-to-a-geriatric-unit-a-cross-sectional-study-of-200-consecutive-patients
#19
Halina Doroszkiewicz, Matylda Sierakowska, Marta Muszalik
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Polish version of the Care Dependency Scale (CDS) in predicting care needs and health risks of elderly patients admitted to a geriatric unit. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 200 geriatric patients aged ≥60 years, chronologically admitted to a geriatrics unit in Poland. The study was carried out using the Polish version of the CDS questionnaire to evaluate biopsychosocial needs and the level of care dependency...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772307/family-environment-interacts-with-crhr1-rs17689918-to-predict-mental-health-and-behavioral-outcomes
#20
Arunima Roy, Kariina Laas, Triin Kurrikoff, Andreas Reif, Toomas Veidebaum, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Jaanus Harro
BACKGROUND: Corticotrophin-releasing hormone receptor-1 gene (CRHR1) variants have been implicated in mental health. However, little is known of the effects of CRHR1 on long-term mental health and behavior in presence of environmental stressors. We assess the effects of CRHR1 variant (rs17689918)-by-environment interactions on emotionality and behavioral traits, including anxiety, depression, aggression and antisocial behaviors. We also determine effects of rs17689918-by-environment-by-sex interactions on the above-mentioned outcomes...
May 14, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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