keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health economic modeling

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676787/turning-high-risk-individuals-an-economic-evaluation-of-repositioning-frequency-in-long-term-care
#1
Petros Pechlivanoglou, Mike Paulden, Ba' Pham, Josephine Wong, Susan D Horn, Murray Krahn
Recent evidence suggests that less frequent repositioning of long-term care residents at moderate to high risk of developing pressure ulcers (PrUs) is noninferior to current repositioning standards in preventing PrUs, but the long-term health and economic consequences of less frequent repositioning have not been adequately estimated. Our objective was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of different repositioning strategies (2-, 3-, 4-hour intervals). We conducted a cost-utility analysis using a lifetime horizon based on data from a randomized clinical trial and the literature...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676618/cancer-risk-from-paediatric-computed-tomography-scanning-implications-for-radiation-protection-in-medicine
#2
A Kesminiene, E Cardis
The use of computed tomography (CT) imaging is clearly beneficial for millions of patients. However, the potential adverse health effects, particularly cancer, of ionising radiation exposure from CT early in life are an issue of growing concern in the radiological protection, medical, and public health communities. Although efforts to quantify these effects have been conducted, the precision and accuracy of reported risks needs confirmation. EPI-CT, a European collaborative epidemiological study, was set up to quantify risks from paediatric CT to optimise paediatric diagnostic protocol...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675581/cross-species-alterations-in-synaptic-dopamine-regulation-after-chronic-alcohol-exposure
#3
Cody A Siciliano, Anushree N Karkhanis, Katherine M Holleran, James R Melchior, Sara R Jones
Alcohol use disorders are a leading public health concern, engendering enormous costs in terms of both economic loss and human suffering. These disorders are characterized by compulsive and excessive alcohol use, as well as negative affect and alcohol craving during abstinence. Extensive research has implicated the dopamine system in both the acute pharmacological effects of alcohol and the symptomology of alcohol use disorders that develop after extended alcohol use. Preclinical research has shed light on many mechanisms by which chronic alcohol exposure dysregulates the dopamine system...
April 20, 2018: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675049/administration-of-intravenous-morphine-for-acute-pain-in-the-emergency-department-inflicts-an-economic-burden-in-europe
#4
Montserrat Casamayor, Karen DiDonato, Marc Hennebert, Luca Brazzi, Gregor Prosen
Background: Acute pain is among the leading causes of referral to the emergency department (ED) in industrialized countries. Its management mainly depends on intensity. Moderate-to-severe pain is treated with intravenous (IV) administered opioids, of which morphine is the most commonly used in the ED. We have estimated the burden of IV administration of morphine in the five key European countries (EU5) using a micro-costing approach. Scope: A structured literature review was conducted to identify clinical guidelines for acute pain management in EU5 and clinical studies conducted in the ED setting...
2018: Drugs in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673385/risk-based-inspection-as-a-cost-effective-strategy-to-reduce-human-exposure-to-cysticerci-of-taenia-saginata-in-low-prevalence-settings
#5
Bhagyalakshmi Chengat Prakashbabu, Laura Rebecca Marshall, Matteo Crotta, William Gilbert, Jade Cherry Johnson, Lis Alban, Javier Guitian
BACKGROUND: Taenia saginata cysticercus is the larval stage of the zoonotic parasite Taenia saginata, with a life-cycle involving both cattle and humans. The public health impact is considered low. The current surveillance system, based on post-mortem inspection of carcasses has low sensitivity and leads to considerable economic burden. Therefore, in the interests of public health and food production efficiency, this study aims to explore the potential of risk-based and cost-effective meat inspection activities for the detection and control of T...
April 19, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673337/communities-in-charge-of-alcohol-cica-a-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-randomised-control-trial-of-an-alcohol-health-champions-programme
#6
Penny A Cook, Suzy C Hargreaves, Elizabeth J Burns, Frank de Vocht, Steve Parrott, Margaret Coffey, Suzanne Audrey, Cathy Ure, Paul Duffy, David Ottiwell, Kiran Kenth, Susan Hare, Kate Ardern
BACKGROUND: Communities In Charge of Alcohol (CICA) takes an Asset Based Community Development (ABCD) approach to reducing alcohol harm. Through a cascade training model, supported by a designated local co-ordinator, local volunteers are trained to become accredited 'Alcohol Health Champions' to provide brief opportunistic advice at an individual level and mobilise action on alcohol availability at a community level. The CICA programme is the first time that a devolved UK region has attempted to coordinate an approach to building health champion capacity, presenting an opportunity to investigate its implementation and impact at scale...
April 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671817/assessment-of-regional-ecosystem-health-a-case-study-of-the-golden-triangle-of-southern-fujian-province-china
#7
Ziyan Wang, Lina Tang, Quanyi Qiu, Huaxiang Chen, Tong Wu, Guofan Shao
Intensifying urbanization and rapid population growth in Fujian Province, China, has caused pollution of air and water resources; this has adversely impacted ecosystems and human health. China has recently begun pursuing a massive infrastructure and economic development strategy called the Belt and Road Initiative, which could potentially cause further environmental damage. Evaluations of ecosystem health are therefore a first step towards identifying the potential impacts from the development and planning sustainable development strategies in the Golden Triangle of Southern Fujian...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670383/the-economic-and-clinical-burden-of-early-versus-late-initiation-of-celecoxib-among-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#8
Ahmed Shelbaya, Caitlyn T Solem, Chris Walker, Yin Wan, Courtney Johnson, Joseph C Cappelleri
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics associated with early versus late initiation of celecoxib treatment after osteoarthritis (OA) diagnosis and whether economic and safety outcomes differ between patients with early versus late initiation of celecoxib. Methods: Adults (≥18 years) with a confirmed OA diagnosis (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Edition, Clinical Modifications code: 715.XX), ≥12 months of continuous pre- and post-index enrollment, and ≥1 post-index claim for celecoxib were included from the MarketScan® Commercial Claims and Encounter Database (2009-2013)...
2018: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669687/health-impacts-of-bike-sharing-systems-in-europe
#9
I Otero, M J Nieuwenhuijsen, D Rojas-Rueda
BACKGROUND: Bike-sharing systems (BSS) have been implemented in several cities around the world as policies to mitigate climate change, reduce traffic congestion, and promote physical activity. This study aims to assess the health impacts (risks and benefits) of major BSS in Europe. METHODS: We performed a health impact assessment study to quantify the health risks and benefits of car trips substitution by bikes trips (regular-bikes and/or electric-bikes) from European BSS with >2000 bikes...
April 15, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669512/a-systematic-review-of-transmission-dynamic-studies-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-non-hospital-residential-facilities
#10
Kin On Kwok, Jonathan M Read, Arthur Tang, Hong Chen, Steven Riley, Kai Man Kam
BACKGROUND: Non-hospital residential facilities are important reservoirs for MRSA transmission. However, conclusions and public health implications drawn from the many mathematical models depicting nosocomial MRSA transmission may not be applicable to these settings. Therefore, we reviewed the MRSA transmission dynamics studies in defined non-hospital residential facilities to: (1) provide an overview of basic epidemiology which has been addressed; (2) identify future research direction; and (3) improve future model implementation...
April 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669010/double-disadvantage-in-the-process-of-disablement-race-as-a-moderator-in-the-association-between-chronic-conditions-and-functional-limitations
#11
Ben Lennox Kail, Miles G Taylor, Nick Rogers
Objectives: This study evaluated (a) whether the association between chronic conditions and functional limitations vary by race/ethnicity, and (b) whether socioeconomic status accounted for any observed racial variation in the association between chronic conditions and functional limitations. Method: The Health and Retirement Study data were used to assess whether race/ethnicity moderated the association between chronic conditions and functional limitations, and whether education, income, and/or wealth mediated any of the observed moderation by race/ethnicity...
April 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667916/fiscal-impact-of-smoking-cessation-in-thailand-a-government-perspective-cost-benefit-analysis
#12
Mark P Connolly, Nikolaos Kotsopoulos, Pichaya Suthipinijtham, Suthat Rungruanghiranya
We evaluate the broader public economic consequences of investments in smoking cessation that change lifetime productivity, which can influence future government tax revenue and social transfer costs and health care spending. The analysis applies a government perspective framework for assessing the intergenerational relationships between morbidity and mortality and lifetime tax revenue and social transfers received. Applying smoking prevalence in Thailand, a cohort model was developed for smoker and former smokers to estimate impact on lifetime direct taxes and tobacco taxes paid...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667770/the-dynamic-relationships-between-economic-status-and-health-measures-among-working-age-adults-in-the-united-states
#13
Abdulkarim M Meraya, Nilanjana Dwibedi, Xi Tan, Kim Innes, Sophie Mitra, Usha Sambamoorthi
We examine the dynamic relationships between economic status and health measures using data from 8 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics from 1999 to 2013. Health measures are self-rated health (SRH) and functional limitations; economic status measures are labor income (earnings), family income, and net wealth. We use 3 different types of models: (a) ordinary least squares regression, (b) first-difference, and (c) system-generalized method of moment (GMM). Using ordinary least squares regression and first difference models, we find that higher levels of economic status are associated with better SRH and functional status among both men and women, although declines in income and wealth are associated with a decline in health for men only...
April 18, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666451/exploring-the-extent-and-scope-of-epigenetic-inheritance
#14
REVIEW
Elizabeth J Radford
Environmental factors, particularly during early life, are important for the later metabolic health of the individual. In our obesogenic environment, it is of major socio-economic importance to investigate the mechanisms that contribute to the risk of metabolic ill health. Increasing evidence from a variety of model organisms suggests that non-genetically determined phenotypes, including metabolic effects such as glucose intolerance and obesity, can be passed between generations, which encourages us to revisit heredity...
April 17, 2018: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665788/medical-expenses-of-urban-chinese-patients-with-stomach-cancer-during-2002-2011-a-hospital-based-multicenter-retrospective-study
#15
Xiao-Jie Sun, Ju-Fang Shi, Lan-Wei Guo, Hui-Yao Huang, Neng-Liang Yao, Ji-Yong Gong, Ya-Wen Sun, Guo-Xiang Liu, A-Yan Mao, Xian-Zhen Liao, Ya-Na Bai, Jian-Song Ren, Xin-Yu Zhu, Jin-Yi Zhou, Ling Mai, Bing-Bing Song, Yu-Qin Liu, Lin Zhu, Ling-Bin Du, Qi Zhou, Xiao-Jing Xing, Pei-An Lou, Xiao-Hua Sun, Xiao Qi, Yuanzheng Wang, Rong Cao, Ying Ren, Li Lan, Kai Zhang, Jie He, Jia-Lin Wang, Min Dai
BACKGROUND: In China, stomach cancer is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death. Few studies have examined Chinese stomach cancer patients' medical expenses and their associated trends. The Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) is a Major Public Health Project funded by the central government. Through this project, we have extracted patients' medical expenses from hospital billing data to examine the costs of the first course treatments (which refers to 2 months before and 10 months after the date of cancer diagnosis) in Chinese patients with stomach cancer and the associated trends...
April 17, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665174/a-managed-alcohol-program-in-sydney-australia-acceptability-cost-savings-and-non-beverage-alcohol-use
#16
Nadine Ezard, Michael E Cecilio, Brendan Clifford, Eileen Baldry, Lucy Burns, Carolyn A Day, Marian Shanahan, Kate Dolan
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Managed alcohol programs (MAPs) are a novel harm reduction intervention for people who experience long-term homelessness and severe long-term alcohol dependence. MAPs provide regulated amounts of alcohol onsite under supervision. Preliminary international evidence suggests that MAPs are associated with improvements such as reduced non-beverage alcohol consumption and decreases in some alcohol-related harms. There are currently no MAPs in Australia. We aimed to assess the feasibility of a MAP in inner-Sydney...
April 17, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664667/food-security-and-its-related-factors-in-the-rural-households-of-bam-city-in-iran-a-logistic-regression-model-approach
#17
Saeed Khodabakhshzadeh, Samira Amirzadeh Moradabadi, Sadegh Khodabakhshzadeh, Mohammad Baniasadi, Touraj Harati Khalilabad
Awareness of the food security status of rural population and its influencing factors is essential for policy makers, public health institutions and the development of rural programs. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 on 384 rural households in Bam city. The data was collected via the 6-item USDA questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to determine the relationship between social, economic and health factors with food security. The results indicate that 35.67% of households had full food security status, 24...
January 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662691/poverty-reduction-and-equity-benefits-of-introducing-or-scaling-up-measles-rotavirus-and-pneumococcal-vaccines-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-a-modelling-study
#18
Carlos Riumallo-Herl, Angela Y Chang, Samantha Clark, Dagna Constenla, Andrew Clark, Logan Brenzel, Stéphane Verguet
Introduction: Beyond their impact on health, vaccines can lead to large economic benefits. While most economic evaluations of vaccines have focused on the health impact of vaccines at a national scale, it is critical to understand how their impact is distributed along population subgroups. Methods: We build a financial risk protection model to evaluate the impact of immunisation against measles, severe pneumococcal disease and severe rotavirus for birth cohorts vaccinated over 2016-2030 for three scenarios in 41 Gavi-eligible countries: no immunisation, current immunisation coverage forecasts and the current immunisation coverage enhanced with funding support...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661191/factors-associated-with-treatment-seeking-for-malaria-in-urban-poor-communities-in-accra-ghana
#19
Raphael Baffour Awuah, Paapa Yaw Asante, Lionel Sakyi, Adriana A E Biney, Mawuli Komla Kushitor, Francis Agyei, Ama de-Graft Aikins
BACKGROUND: In Ghana, about 3.5 million cases of malaria are recorded each year. Urban poor residents particularly have a higher risk of malaria mainly due to poor housing, low socio-economic status and poor sanitation. Alternative treatment for malaria (mainly African traditional/herbal and/or self-medication) is further compounding efforts to control the incidence of malaria in urban poor communities. This study assesses factors associated with seeking alternative treatment as the first response to malaria, relative to orthodox treatment in three urban poor communities in Accra, Ghana...
April 16, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660314/nrf2-as-a-therapeutic-target-for-rheumatic-diseases
#20
REVIEW
María Luisa Ferrándiz, Josep Nacher-Juan, Maria José Alcaraz
Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) is a master regulator of cellular protective processes. Rheumatic diseases are chronic conditions characterized by inflammation, pain, tissue damage and limitations in function. Main examples are rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. Their high prevalence constitutes a major health problem with an important social and economic impact. A wide range of evidence indicates that Nrf2 may control different mechanisms involved in the physiopathology of rheumatic conditions...
April 13, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
38552
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"