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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107772/a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial-of-contingency-management-for-alcohol-use-reduction-using-a-transdermal-alcohol-sensor
#1
Nancy P Barnett, Mark A Celio, Jennifer W Tidey, James G Murphy, Suzanne M Colby, Robert M Swift
AIMS: We tested the efficacy of daily contingent reinforcement for reducing alcohol use compared with (yoked) noncontingent reinforcement (NR) using a transdermal alcohol sensor to detect alcohol use. DESIGN: Pilot randomized controlled design with one baseline week, three intervention weeks, and one-month follow up. SETTING: New England, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Heavy drinking adults (47% female) not seeking treatment were randomized to 1) an escalating schedule of cash reinforcement (CR; n =15) for days on which alcohol was neither reported nor detected or 2) yoked NR (n =15)...
January 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107475/review-and-analysis-of-publication-trends-over-three-decades-in-three-high-impact-medicine-journals
#2
Alexander Ivanov, Beata A Kaczkowska, Saadat A Khan, Jean Ho, Morteza Tavakol, Ashok Prasad, Geetha Bhumireddy, Allan F Beall, Igor Klem, Parag Mehta, William M Briggs, Terrence J Sacchi, John F Heitner
CONTEXT: Over the past three decades, industry sponsored research expanded in the United States. Financial incentives can lead to potential conflicts of interest (COI) resulting in underreporting of negative study results. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that over the three decades, there would be an increase in: a) reporting of conflict of interest and source of funding; b) percentage of randomized control trials c) number of patients per study and d) industry funding...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107372/cohort-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-falls-in-older-people-the-reform-trial
#3
Sarah Cockayne, Joy Adamson, Arabella Clarke, Belen Corbacho, Caroline Fairhurst, Lorraine Green, Catherine E Hewitt, Kate Hicks, Anne-Maree Kenan, Sarah E Lamb, Caroline McIntosh, Hylton B Menz, Anthony C Redmond, Zoe Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Wesley Vernon, Judith Watson, David J Torgerson
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of morbidity among older people. A multifaceted podiatry intervention may reduce the risk of falling. This study evaluated such an intervention. DESIGN: Pragmatic cohort randomised controlled trial in England and Ireland. 1010 participants were randomised (493 to the Intervention group and 517 to Usual Care) to either: a podiatry intervention, including foot and ankle exercises, foot orthoses and, if required, new footwear, and a falls prevention leaflet or usual podiatry treatment plus a falls prevention leaflet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106815/social-dysfunction-and-diet-outcomes-in-people-with-psychosis
#4
Doreen Mucheru, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Linda E Campbell, Mark McEvoy, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
This analysis aimed to examine the association of social dysfunction with food security status, fruit intake, vegetable intake, meal frequency and breakfast consumption in people with psychosis from the Hunter New England (HNE) catchment site of the Survey of High Impact Psychosis (SHIP). Social dysfunction and dietary information were collected using standardised tools. Independent binary logistic regressions were used to examine the association between social dysfunction and food security status, fruit intake, vegetable intake, meal frequency and breakfast consumption...
January 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106582/nursing-informatics-competencies-for-entry-to-practice-the-perspective-of-six-countries
#5
Michelle L L Honey, Diane J Skiba, Paula Procter, Joanne Foster, Pirkko Kouri, Lynn M Nagle
Internationally, countries are challenged to prepare nurses for a future that has ever increasing use of technology and where information management is a central part of professional nursing practice. There has been a growing trend to move nursing to competency-based education, especially for those students undertaking their first nursing qualification. This first nursing qualification may be linked to pre-registration, pre-licensure or undergraduate education; the term used depending on the country. The authors are drawn from the International Medical Informatics Association special interest group, Nursing Informatics (IMIA-NI) Education Working Group and represent New Zealand, the United States of America, England, Australia, Finland and Canada...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103591/searching-the-footprints-of-pioneers-on-neurology-a-bibliometric-analysis
#6
Kang Min Park, Jee-Eun Kim, Yerim Kim, Si Eun Kim, Dae Young Yoon, Jong Seok Bae
BACKGROUND: We identify the most cited articles that have influenced the clinical practices of neurologists. METHODS: We first analyzed the top 100 cited articles published in 50 neurology journals with high impact factors. We collected all of the original articles on clinical neurology published in all 554 medical journals. The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Science search tools were used to identify the top 100 cited articles in the database of Journal Citation Reports since 1950, which were then manually reviewed to discover their contents...
January 20, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103052/adjunctive-treatment-of-psychotic-disorders-with-micronutrients
#7
Lewis Mehl-Madrona, Barbara Mainguy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of micronutrients (minerals and vitamins) on adult psychosis when added to conventional medications by using a placebo-controlled randomized design with a 1-month open-label run-in. DESIGN: Longitudinal comparison study following a randomized, controlled trial that had failed because participants declined to undergo randomization. Setting/Locations: Rural primary care and psychiatry clinic in northern New England (town of 16,000 people)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099125/meningococcal-acwy-vaccine-uptake-and-awareness-among-student-freshers-enrolled-at-northern-ireland-universities
#8
Peter J A Moore, B Cherie Millar, John E Moore
A new MenACWY conjugate meningococcal vaccination programme was introduced in Northern Ireland (NI) in August 2015, for 13-18 year olds, as well as for first-time university entrants up to 25 years. This reflected the response made by Public Health England, due to the recent rapid increase of meningococcal group W (MenW) disease and on advice of the UK Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI). The aims of this study were to evaluate (i) the uptake of the MenACWY vaccine among first-time university students, (ii) vaccine and meningitis awareness, (iii) optimal communication modalities via a multidisciplinary team (MDT) model and (iv) current international vaccination policies relating to non-UK students...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098003/cervical-cancer
#9
Lisa Berry
Essential facts In the UK in 2013 there were about 3,200 new cases of cervical cancer. It is the 12th most common cancer in UK women, resulting in 890 deaths in 2014. Deaths in England are more common in women living in the most deprived areas.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097998/fast-track-course-halves-three-year-nursing-degree
#10
Stephanie Jones-Berry
A fast-track nursing degree course in north east England, aimed at addressing the UK's nurse shortage, will take on new students in March.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096102/nihr-clinical-research-networks-what-they-do-and-how-they-help-paediatric-research
#11
REVIEW
Hanna Lythgoe, Victoria Price, Vanessa Poustie, Sabah Attar, Daniel Hawcutt, Jennifer Preston, Michael W Beresford
This review provides paediatricians with an update on the new structure of the National Institute for Health Research's (NIHR) Clinical Research Network (CRN): Children and its role within the wider NIHR infrastructure. The network supports delivery of high-quality research within the NHS in England and supports researchers, through provision of staff and resources, with feasibility, site set-up, patient recruitment and study management. Since 2013, over 80% of commercial contract studies running within the UK sat within the UKCRN Portfolio...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095615/the-long-term-population-dynamics-of-common-wasps-in-their-native-and-invaded-range
#12
Philip J Lester, John Haywood, Michael E Archer, Chris R Shortall
Populations of introduced species are often thought to perform differently, or experience different population dynamics, in their introduced range compared to their native habitat. Differences between habitats in climate, competition or natural enemies may result in populations with varying density dependence and population dynamics. We examined the long-term population dynamics of the invasive common wasp, Vespula vulgaris, in its native range in England and its invaded range in New Zealand. We used 39 years of wasp density data from four sites in England, and 23 years of data from six sites in New Zealand...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094649/guidance-on-safe-staffing-shies-away-from-set-ratio
#13
Chris Longhurst
The head of the Safe Staffing Alliance has said new draft guidance on nurse staffing on acute adult inpatient wards in England 'does not go far enough'.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094635/new-year-set-to-bring-new-routes-into-nursing
#14
Erin Dean
In September, the first nursing degree apprentices are due to begin working on wards in England. This new cohort will combine degree-level training with working for at least four years.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093443/impact-of-advanced-autonomous-non-medical-practitioners-in-emergency-care-protocol-for-a-scoping-study
#15
Mark Sujan, Hannah Howard-Franks, Garry Swann, Kirsti Soanes, Catherine Pope, Robert Crouch, Sophie Staniszewska, Elaine Maxwell, Huayi Huang, Matthew Cooke
INTRODUCTION: Emergency care services are looking for new models of care delivery to deal with changing patient demographics and increased pressures. It has been suggested that advanced non-medical practitioners might be valuable for delivering such new models of care. However, it is not clear what the impact of the deployment of advanced non-medical practitioners in emergency care is. This scoping study addresses the following research question: What is known from the literature about the different types of impact of the deployment of advanced (autonomous) non-medical practitioners in emergency care? METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A scoping study will be undertaken to examine and map the impact of the deployment of advanced non-medical practitioners in emergency care...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087393/william-glenn-surgeon-scientist-and-leader-of-new-england-surgery
#16
Andrew Cw Baldwin, John C Baldwin, Walter E Longo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087072/enhancing-delirium-case-definitions-in-electronic-health-records-using-clinical-free-text
#17
Thomas H McCoy, Deanna C Chaukos, Leslie A Snapper, Kamber L Hart, Theodore A Stern, Roy H Perlis
BACKGROUND: Delirium is an acute confusional state, associated with morbidity and mortality in diverse medically ill populations. Delirium is preventable and treatable when diagnosed but the diagnosis is often missed. This important and difficult diagnosis is an attractive candidate for computer-aided decision support if it can be reliably identified at scale. OBJECTIVE: Here, using an electronic health record-based case definition of delirium, we characterize incidence of this highly morbid condition in 2 large academic medical centers...
October 27, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080914/tricaine-methanesulfonate-ms-222-sedation-and-anesthesia-in-the-purple-spined-sea-urchin-arbacia-punctulata
#18
Jeffrey R Applegate, Daniel S Dombrowski, Larry Shane Christian, Meredith P Bayer, Craig A Harms, Gregory A Lewbart
The purple-spined sea urchin ( Arbacia punctulata ) is commonly found in shallow waters of the western Atlantic Ocean from the New England area of the United States to the Caribbean. Sea urchins play a major role in ocean ecology, echinoculture, and biomedical research. Additionally, sea urchins are commonly displayed in public aquaria. Baseline parameters were developed in unanesthetized urchins for righting reflex (time to regain oral recumbency) and spine response time to tactile stimulus. Tricaine methanesulfonate (MS-222) was used to sedate and anesthetize purple-spined sea urchins and assess sedation and anesthetic parameters, including adhesion to and release from a vertical surface, times to loss of response to tactile stimulus and recovery of righting reflex, and qualitative observations of induction of spawning and position of spines and pseudopodia...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075067/national-implementation-of-a-mental-health-service-model-a-survey-of-crisis-resolution-teams-in-england
#19
Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Bethan Paterson, Steve Onyett, Ellie Brown, Hannah Istead, Richard Gray, Claire Henderson, Sonia Johnson
In response to pressures on mental health inpatient beds and a perceived 'crisis in acute care', Crisis Resolution Teams (CRTs), acute home treatment services, were implemented nationally in England following the NHS Plan in the year 2000: an unprecedentedly prescriptive policy mandate for three new types of functional community mental health team. We examined the effects of this mandate on implementation of the CRT service model. Two hundred and eighteen CRTs were mapped in England, including services in all 65 mental health administrative regions...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073089/application-of-a-mitochondrial-dna-control-region-frequency-database-for-uk-domestic-cats
#20
Barbara Ottolini, Gurdeep Matharu Lall, Federico Sacchini, Mark A Jobling, Jon H Wetton
DNA variation in 402bp of the mitochondrial control region flanked by repeat sequences RS2 and RS3 was evaluated by Sanger sequencing in 152 English domestic cats, in order to determine the significance of matching DNA sequences between hairs found with a victim's body and the suspect's pet cat. Whilst 95% of English cats possessed one of the twelve globally widespread mitotypes, four new variants were observed, the most common of which (2% frequency) was shared with the evidential samples. No significant difference in mitotype frequency was seen between 32 individuals from the locality of the crime and 120 additional cats from the rest of England, suggesting a lack of local population structure...
December 21, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
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