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Odontogenic infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623214/mandibular-osteomyelitis-due-to-raoultella-species
#1
Philip W Lam, Manal Tadros, Ignatius W Fong
Introduction: Raoultella is a genus of aerobic Gram-negative bacilli belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae that are commonly found in water, soil and aquatic environments. With improved bacterial identification techniques, Raoultella species (namely R. planticola and R. ornithinolytica ) have been an increasingly reported cause of infections in humans. Case presentation: An 85-year-old man presented to hospital with a several-week history of left jaw pain and trismus...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609668/radiopacities-of-the-jaws-interpretation-and-diagnosis
#2
David Andrew
General dental practitioners are less confident at diagnosing radiopaque lesions of the jaws than radiolucent ones, possibly because the incidence of jaw radiopacities is comparatively low. The current review covers the majority of radiopaque lesions that are referred for a specialist opinion, and focuses on those lesions that occur commonly or those that mimic other diagnoses. The majority of radiopaque jaw lesions represent normal anatomy/normal variants or superimposed soft tissue calcifications that are typically of no clinical significance...
March 1, 2018: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607833/assessing-clinical-sequelae-of-untreated-caries-among-5-12-and-15-year-old-school-children-in-ambala-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Jasneet Sudan, Girish Malleshappa Sogi, L Koretigire Veeresha
Background: Dental caries is a public health problem globally, especially in children. Thus, it is important to quantify its clinical consequences in terms of its prevalence and severity. Aim: This study aims to assess the prevalence and severity of oral conditions linked with untreated dental caries using pulp involvement, ulceration, fistula, abscess (pufa/PUFA) index in 5-, 12-, and 15-year-old school children in Ambala district. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 433 school children of 5-, 12-, and 15-year-old age group in Ambala district...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603711/management-of-a-severe-cervicofacial-odontogenic-infection
#4
Ana Km Tormes, Manoela M De Bortoli, Rui M Júnior, Emanuel Ss Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic infections originate from a tooth or from its supporting structures, generally secondary to a pulp necrosis, periodontal disease, pericoronitis, apical lesions, or complications of dental procedures, which can be restricted to the alveolus or can reach the jaws and face through maxillofacial spaces. These are the most common conditions which affect the head and neck regions. AIM: The aim of this study is to report a severe case of a cervicofacial odontogenic infection while discussing the most relevant aspects...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570802/antibiotic-resistance-in-severe-odontogenic-infections-of-the-south-australian-population-a-9-year-retrospective-audit
#5
Isaac Liau, Jennie Han, Kristen Bayetto, Brendan May, Alastair Goss, Paul Sambrook, Andrew Cheng
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the microbiological trends in severe odontogenic infections requiring hospital admission in the South Australian Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit. Rates of antibiotic resistance to empirical antibiotic regimens were determined to quantify the clinical implications of antibiotic resistant odontogenic infections. METHODS: A retrospective case-audit was performed of all odontogenic infections admitted at the Royal Adelaide Hospital over 9-year period...
March 23, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557405/brain-abscess-following-dental-implant-placement-via-crestal-sinus-lift-a-case-report
#6
Yifat Manor, Adi A Garfunkel
PURPOSE: To describe a rare case of odontogenic brain abscess. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A healthy, 35-year-old male had two dental implants placed in a simultaneously augmented maxillary sinus. One implant failed and the patient developed a maxillary sinusitis that failed to improve following antibiotic treatment at home. The neglected sinus infection led to formation of a brain abscess. The patient was hospitalised only when he had pan sinusitis with neurological signs...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549441/association-between-odontogenic-conditions-and-maxillary-sinus-mucosal-thickening-a-retrospective-cbct-study
#7
Umut Aksoy, Kaan Orhan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the maxillary sinus mucosal thickening and to associate them with odontogenic conditions using cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT images of 294 patients (143 female, 151 males; age range 18-78 years) with 588 maxillary sinuses were evaluated retrospectively. The anatomic relationship between maxillary sinuses and teeth was determined and classified. The presence of root canal fillings and the periapical lesions of these teeth was also recorded...
March 17, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545984/streptococcus-intermedius-brain-and-diverticular-abscesses-after-dental-manipulation-a-case-report
#8
Hassan Al Moussawi, Michael Krzyzak, Zainab Awada, Jean M Chalhoub
A brain abscess is defined as a focal intracerebral infection consisting of an encapsulated collection of pus, which can be a life-threatening complication of infections, trauma, or surgery. While immunocompromised patients can have a wide array of causative organisms, bacterial species represent the most common etiology in immunocompetent individuals. The incidence of brain abscesses ranges from 0.4 to 0.9 per 100,000, with a high predisposition among immunocompromised patients and in those with disruption of the blood-brain barrier...
January 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531731/intracranial-subdural-abscess-with-polymicrobial-infections-due-to-frontal-sinusitis-in-an-adolescent-life-threatening-complication-of-a-common-disease
#9
Arata Hibi, Yoshinobu Amakusa
Intracranial abscess is one of the most serious complications of frontal sinusitis, particularly among adolescents, even in the absence of odontogenic infection. Polymicrobial infections due to anaerobes are common. Because antibiotic therapy alone is usually ineffective, early endoscopic sinus surgery is the key for infection control and good clinical outcomes.
March 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506873/retrobulbar-abscess-rare-complication-after-repair-of-an-oroantral-communication
#10
H Mahmood, H Flora, C Murphy, D Sutton
We present the case of a retrobulbar abscess that developed secondary to the repair of an oroantral communication. Orbital abscesses have been described in relation to odontogenic infections, facial injury, sinusitis, and after dental extractions but, to the best of our knowledge, none has been reported in these circumstances. Retrobulbar abscess is a rare complication, but early clinical and radiological diagnosis, and urgent decompression are vital because it comes with considerable risk of irreversible visual impairment...
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503229/the-2016-jaid-jsc-guidelines-for-clinical-management-of-infectious-disease-odontogenic-infections
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491622/tuberculosis-of-the-maxillary-sinus-masquerading-as-a-facial-abscess-a-unique-occurrence
#12
Dilip Kumar Rayapati, N T Prashanth, Vinod Rangan, Prithviraj Raj Kalakunta
The incidence of tuberculosis is a frequent finding especially in developing countries owing to a significant population of the people belonging to the lower socioeconomic strata with poor hygiene and nutrition. Tubercular involvement of the paranasal sinuses is usually asymptomatic until it reaches an advanced state and when it involves the maxillary sinus, this initial period of quiescence often mimics the clinical presentation of a chronic sinus infection, which often leads to a diagnostic dilemma. Symptoms commonly reported are chronic sinusitis and rhinorrhea, both of which being nonspecific in nature leading to a quandary...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491241/surgically-treated-community-acquired-brain-abscess
#13
Heui Seung Lee, Jeong Hoon Kim, Young-Hoon Kim, Seungjoo Lee
Community-acquired brain abscess is still encountered in clinical practice and causes considerable complications, despite improvements in hygiene in modernised societies. This study aimed to identify potential risk factors pertaining to predisposing infections and microorganisms to facilitate effective treatment of the brain abscess.Of 121 surgically treated patients with brain abscess the most frequent predisposing condition was odontogenic infections (49/121 patients, 40.5%) followed by sinusitis (14/121, 11...
February 28, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456938/deep-neck-space-infections-a-study-in-diabetic-population-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#14
Kalpana Sharma, Devjani Das, Manish Joshi, Dipjyoti Barman, A J Sarma
This study is intended to analyze the clinical profile and outcomes of deep neck space infection in diabetic patients in our tertiary care centre. A prospective study of 1 year duration from 30th September 2015 to 30th September 2016 at department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati. A total of 45 diabetic patients who presented with DNSI are included in this study. Their demographic profile, etiology, bacteriology, treatment, duration of hospital stay, complications and outcomes have been analyzed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446581/odontogenic-focal-infection-is-a-possible-trigger-of-severe-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis
#15
Jakub Zieg, Sarka Stolbova, Veronika Kroulikova, Jaromir Hacek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311020/is-the-routine-practice-of-antibiotic-prescription-and-microbial-culture-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-testing-justified-in-primary-maxillofacial-space-infection-patients-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#16
Saroj Kumari, Sujata Mohanty, Pankaj Sharma, Jitender Dabas, Sanchaita Kohli, Cathrine Diana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, comparative clinical study was to compare treatment outcome of removal of foci and incision and drainage, with or without oral antibiotic therapy, in the management of single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known focus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known infectious focus were divided into two groups, one treated with incision and drainage only, and the other with incision and drainage along with oral antibiotics...
March 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306716/risk-factors-affecting-the-prognosis-of-descending-necrotizing-mediastinitis-from-odontogenic-infection
#17
Luyao Qu, Xiang Liang, Bin Jiang, Wentao Qian, Weijie Zhang, Xieyi Cai
PURPOSE: Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a serious complication of head and neck infections and has an excessively high mortality rate owing to the lack of understanding of DNM. We assessed the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of odontogenic DNM and evaluated the risk factors affecting the prognosis of DNM to provide an up-to-date overview for clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study, enrolling a sample of patients with DNM due to odontogenic infection who had been referred from January 2013 to December 2016...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299521/when-maxillary-sinusitis-does-not-heal-findings-on-cbct-scans-of-the-sinuses-with-a-particular-focus-on-the-occurrence-of-odontogenic-causes-of-maxillary-sinusitis
#18
Malin Vestin Fredriksson, Anders Öhman, Lennart Flygare, Krister Tano
Objectives: This study sought to investigate the proportion of patients with suspected sinusitis referred for radiological examination who have radiologically verified sinusitis of odontogenic origin and to describe this type of sinusitis. Study Design: This investigation is a retrospective study. Methods: A total of 303 sinus examinations involving cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) performed at Sunderby Hospital, Luleå, Sweden in 2012 were independently reviewed by two radiologists...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184830/orofacial-bacterial-infectious-diseases-an-update
#19
REVIEW
Soussan Irani
Objectives: Most of the oral infections with odontogenic origin are very common and can be treated by tooth extraction, endodontic therapy, or surgical treatment. Other infectious lesions are the manifestations of systemic diseases such as tuberculosis and syphilis. Skin and underlying subcutaneous tissue, fascia, or muscle is also involved with infectious diseases which range from superficial epidermal infections to very serious necrotizing fasciitis. Materials and Methods: An extensive literature in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus search was performed from 1980 to 2017...
October 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184632/deep-neck-infection-after-third-molar-extraction-a-case-report
#20
Alberto Ferreira da Silva Junior, Gustavo Silvestre de Magalhaes Rocha, Camila Fialho da Silva Neves de Araujo, Ademir Franco, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
Deep neck infections are associated with high morbidity rates in dentistry. Early diagnosis and intervention play an essential part in decreasing morbidity rates. The present study aims to report a case of odontogenic deep neck infection after third molar extraction. A 51-year-old male patient underwent extraction of the mandibular right third molar. Seven days later, the patient developed symptoms and signs of progressive infection. Laboratorial and radiologic examinations in association with clinical investigations confirmed deep neck infection...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
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