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Odontogenic infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456938/deep-neck-space-infections-a-study-in-diabetic-population-in-a-tertiary-care-centre
#1
Kalpana Sharma, Devjani Das, Manish Joshi, Dipjyoti Barman, A J Sarma
This study is intended to analyze the clinical profile and outcomes of deep neck space infection in diabetic patients in our tertiary care centre. A prospective study of 1 year duration from 30th September 2015 to 30th September 2016 at department of Otorhinolaryngology, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati. A total of 45 diabetic patients who presented with DNSI are included in this study. Their demographic profile, etiology, bacteriology, treatment, duration of hospital stay, complications and outcomes have been analyzed...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446581/odontogenic-focal-infection-is-a-possible-trigger-of-severe-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-nephritis
#2
Jakub Zieg, Sarka Stolbova, Veronika Kroulikova, Jaromir Hacek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311020/is-the-routine-practice-of-antibiotic-prescription-and-microbial-culture-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-testing-justified-in-primary-maxillofacial-space-infection-patients-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-study
#3
Saroj Kumari, Sujata Mohanty, Pankaj Sharma, Jitender Dabas, Sanchaita Kohli, Cathrine Diana
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective, randomized, comparative clinical study was to compare treatment outcome of removal of foci and incision and drainage, with or without oral antibiotic therapy, in the management of single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known focus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with single primary maxillofacial space infection with a known infectious focus were divided into two groups, one treated with incision and drainage only, and the other with incision and drainage along with oral antibiotics...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306716/risk-factors-affecting-the-prognosis-of-descending-necrotizing-mediastinitis-from-odontogenic-infection
#4
Luyao Qu, Xiang Liang, Bin Jiang, Wentao Qian, Weijie Zhang, Xieyi Cai
PURPOSE: Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a serious complication of head and neck infections and has an excessively high mortality rate owing to the lack of understanding of DNM. We assessed the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of odontogenic DNM and evaluated the risk factors affecting the prognosis of DNM to provide an up-to-date overview for clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study, enrolling a sample of patients with DNM due to odontogenic infection who had been referred from January 2013 to December 2016...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299521/when-maxillary-sinusitis-does-not-heal-findings-on-cbct-scans-of-the-sinuses-with-a-particular-focus-on-the-occurrence-of-odontogenic-causes-of-maxillary-sinusitis
#5
Malin Vestin Fredriksson, Anders Öhman, Lennart Flygare, Krister Tano
Objectives: This study sought to investigate the proportion of patients with suspected sinusitis referred for radiological examination who have radiologically verified sinusitis of odontogenic origin and to describe this type of sinusitis. Study Design: This investigation is a retrospective study. Methods: A total of 303 sinus examinations involving cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) performed at Sunderby Hospital, Luleå, Sweden in 2012 were independently reviewed by two radiologists...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184830/orofacial-bacterial-infectious-diseases-an-update
#6
REVIEW
Soussan Irani
Objectives: Most of the oral infections with odontogenic origin are very common and can be treated by tooth extraction, endodontic therapy, or surgical treatment. Other infectious lesions are the manifestations of systemic diseases such as tuberculosis and syphilis. Skin and underlying subcutaneous tissue, fascia, or muscle is also involved with infectious diseases which range from superficial epidermal infections to very serious necrotizing fasciitis. Materials and Methods: An extensive literature in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Scopus search was performed from 1980 to 2017...
October 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184632/deep-neck-infection-after-third-molar-extraction-a-case-report
#7
Alberto Ferreira da Silva Junior, Gustavo Silvestre de Magalhaes Rocha, Camila Fialho da Silva Neves de Araujo, Ademir Franco, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
Deep neck infections are associated with high morbidity rates in dentistry. Early diagnosis and intervention play an essential part in decreasing morbidity rates. The present study aims to report a case of odontogenic deep neck infection after third molar extraction. A 51-year-old male patient underwent extraction of the mandibular right third molar. Seven days later, the patient developed symptoms and signs of progressive infection. Laboratorial and radiologic examinations in association with clinical investigations confirmed deep neck infection...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157547/imaging-of-odontogenic-infections
#8
REVIEW
Shaza Mardini, Anita Gohel
Odontogenic infections represent a common clinical problem in patients of all ages. The presence of teeth enables the direct spread of inflammatory products from dental caries, trauma, and/or periodontal disease into the maxilla and mandible. The radiographic changes seen depend on the type and duration of the inflammatory process and host body response. Imaging plays a central role in identifying the source of infection and the extent of the disease spread and in detecting any complications. Many different imaging modalities can be used...
January 2018: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154249/deep-neck-infections-review-of-263-cases
#9
Alise Adoviča, Linda Veidere, Marks Ronis, Gunta Sumeraga
OBJECTIVES: In patients hospitalized due to deep neck infections (DNIs), to investigate the association between demographic parameters, etiology, and localization of abscesses and/or phlegmons, complications, comorbidities, treatment, and bacterial cultures. METHODS: We analyzed data of 263 patients that were hospitalized from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2015, due to deep neck space phlegmons and/or abscesses. We performed statistical analysis with the SPSS 22...
October 30, 2017: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149022/pyogenic-brain-abscess-caused-by-peptostreptococcus-in-a-patient-with-hiv-1-infection
#10
Jose Armando Gonzales Zamora, Luis Alberto Espinoza
In the setting of HIV, cerebral lesions are usually secondary to lymphoma and opportunistic infections; however, in patients with CD4 counts above 200 cells/uL, other pathologies such as pyogenic brain abscess could gain importance. The microbiology of pyogenic brain abscess has Staphylococcus and Streptococcus as the leading etiologic pathogens in immunocompetent individuals. Peptostreptococcus is also recognized as a common cause of brain abscess in this patient population. In HIV-infected individuals, there have been sporadic reports of Peptostreptococcus infections but none of brain abscess...
November 17, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126540/insufficient-evidence-about-which-odontogenic-infections-should-be-treated-with-antibiotics-owing-to-serious-limitations-in-a-systematic-review
#11
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126490/dental-management-of-patients-who-have-undergone-oral-cancer-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Alessandro Villa, Sunday O Akintoye
Oral cancer therapies are associated with orofacial complications that could result in dose-limiting cancer treatment and consequent suboptimal tumor control. Oral cancer treatment complications include oral mucositis, salivary gland hypofunction, odontogenic infections, pain, dermatitis, neurotoxicity, soft tissue fibrosis, trismus, osteoradionecrosis, and potential cancer recurrence. These complications significantly affect cancer survivorship, quality of life, and psychosocial status. Effective dental management of patients with oral cancer involves the coordination of care among several health care professionals before, during, and after cancer therapy...
January 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113735/c-reactive-protein-concentration-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-inflammation-in-the-management-of-odontogenic-infections
#13
R Mirochnik, S Araida, V Yaffe, I Abu El-Naaj
Our aim was to find out if it is possible to correlate the duration of stay in hospital, the severity of infection, involvement of particular anatomical spaces, white cell count, efficacy of surgical treatment, and fever with C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations on admission. One hundred patients met our inclusion criteria. After their notes had been examined they were subdivided according to whether the infection of the main facial space involved was less severe, moderately severe, or very severe. The relations between degree of severity and CRP concentration on admission (<100mg/L compared with 100+), age (years), sex, and duration of hospital stay (days) were examined using Poisson regression (because the distribution of characteristics, and particularly the duration of stay, were skewed)...
December 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105542/cervical-necrotizing-fasciitis-an-overlooked-diagnosis-of-a-fatal-disease
#14
Mohamed A Al-Ali, Ashraf F Hefny, Kamal M Idris, Fikri M Abu-Zidan
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing fasciitis of the neck is a rare potentially lethal condition if not early diagnosed and managed. We aimed to study the clinical presentation, radiological and microbiological diagnosis, management, and surgical outcome of patients having cervical necrotizing fasciitis (CNF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients having a final diagnosis of CNF who were treated at Al Ain Hospital during the period of January 2000 to December 2016...
November 6, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101992/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-sinonasal-disease
#15
Claudia F E Kirsch, Julie Bykowski, Joseph M Aulino, Kevin L Berger, Asim F Choudhri, David B Conley, Michael D Luttrull, Diego Nunez, Lubdha M Shah, Aseem Sharma, Vilaas S Shetty, Rathan M Subramaniam, Sophia C Symko, Rebecca S Cornelius
Imaging of sinonasal pathology may occur for assessment of rhinosinusitis or mass lesions. Rhinosinusitis is prevalent in up to 16% of the US population with annual economic burdens estimated at 22 billion dollars. Rhinosinusitis is characterized as acute or chronic based on symptom duration; if four or more episodes occur annually, the term recurrent acute rhinosinusitis (RARS) is used. In acute uncomplicated rhinosinusitis when inflammatory change remains in the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity, imaging may not be required...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075422/marsupialization-of-a-large-dentigerous-cyst-in-the-mandible-with-orthodontic-extrusion-of-three-impacted-teeth-a-case-report
#16
Nedal Abu-Mostafa, Arshad Abbasi
The dentigerous cyst (DC) is the most common type of developmental odontogenic cyst. It is usually asymptomatic and associated with the crown of an unerupted or impacted tooth. However, after a long duration, it is likely to cause significant bone resorption, cortical expansion, and tooth displacement. This report presents a large infected DC in the mandible of a 12-year-old female patient. The DC was located inferior to badly decayed primary molars and surrounded three impacted permanent teeth: canine, first premolar, which had a dilacerated root, and second premolar...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069695/-oral-health-in-children-and-adolescents-with-mental-disability-and-psycho-emotional-disorders-from-lower-saxony-and-thuringia
#17
Ina Manuela Schüler, Marco Dziwak, Kirsten Schmied, Thomas Lehmann, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
Aim This study aimed to compare the oral health status of 6-16 year old pupils with mental disability (MD) and psycho-emotional disorders (PED) from Lower Saxony (LS) and Thuringia (TH). Methods Oral examination was provided for 571 pupils with MD from TH, 118 students with MD and 80 students with PED from LS. Caries experience, odontogenic infections, fissure sealants and periodontal health were recorded. Data were statistically analysed by linear and binary logistic regression after adjusting for age. Results Students with PED revealed highest caries prevalence and experience in both dentitions with highest prevalence of odontogenic infections in the primary dentition...
October 25, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062620/ludwig-s-angina
#18
Stella Pak, David Cha, Chloe Meyer, Christine Dee, Adam Fershko
Ludwig's angina is a diffuse cellulitis in the submandibular, sublingual, and submental spaces, characterized by its propensity to spread rapidly to the surrounding tissues. Early recognition and treatment for Ludwig's angina are of paramount importance due to the myriad of complications that can occur in association with Ludwig's angina. Known complications of Ludwig's angina include carotid arterial rupture or sheath abscess, thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, mediastinitis, empyema, pericardial effusion, osteomyelitis of the mandible, subphrenic abscess, aspiration pneumonia, and pleural effusion...
August 21, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038627/characterization-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-profile-of-bacteria-in-orofacial-abscesses-of-odontogenic-origin
#19
H Jagadish Chandra, B H Sripathi Rao, A P Muhammed Manzoor, A B Arun
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic infections range from peripheral abscess to superficial and deep infections leading to severe infections in head and neck region. This study was aimed to assess bacterial isolates responsible for orofacial infection of odontogenic origin and their drug susceptibility patterns so as to provide better perceptive for the management of odontogenic infections. METHODS: The study was made in a selected cohort of patients, irrespective of age and gender having moderate and severe orofacial infections of odontogenic origin admitted to Yenepoya University Hospital...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968331/reconstruction-of-mandibular-segmental-detects-using-transport-disk-distraction-osteogenesis
#20
Tao Li, Yi Man, Ruiye Bi, Nan Jiang, Yunfeng Li, Songsong Zhu
BACKGROUND: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has become an important alternative for bone defect reconstruction. The study aims to investigate the clinical feasibility and efficiency of transport disc DO (TDDO) for reconstruction of segmental defect of mandible and further dental implant treatment. METHODS: A serial of 6 patients diagnosed with ameloblastoma or keratocystic odontogenic tumor were included in this study. Computed tomography (CT) scanning and panoramic radiograph were performed for preoperative evaluation and surgery planning...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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