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Odontogenic infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038627/characterization-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-profile-of-bacteria-in-orofacial-abscesses-of-odontogenic-origin
#1
H Jagadish Chandra, B H Sripathi Rao, A P Muhammed Manzoor, A B Arun
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic infections range from peripheral abscess to superficial and deep infections leading to severe infections in head and neck region. This study was aimed to assess bacterial isolates responsible for orofacial infection of odontogenic origin and their drug susceptibility patterns so as to provide better perceptive for the management of odontogenic infections. METHODS: The study was made in a selected cohort of patients, irrespective of age and gender having moderate and severe orofacial infections of odontogenic origin admitted to Yenepoya University Hospital...
December 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968331/reconstruction-of-mandibular-segmental-detects-using-transport-disk-distraction-osteogenesis
#2
Tao Li, Yi Man, Ruiye Bi, Nan Jiang, Yunfeng Li, Songsong Zhu
BACKGROUND: Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has become an important alternative for bone defect reconstruction. The study aims to investigate the clinical feasibility and efficiency of transport disc DO (TDDO) for reconstruction of segmental defect of mandible and further dental implant treatment. METHODS: A serial of 6 patients diagnosed with ameloblastoma or keratocystic odontogenic tumor were included in this study. Computed tomography (CT) scanning and panoramic radiograph were performed for preoperative evaluation and surgery planning...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933370/a-case-of-systemic-infection-caused-by-streptococcus-pyogenes-oral-infection-in-an-edentulous-patient
#3
Yumi Inagaki, Masanobu Abe, Ryoko Inaki, Liang Zong, Hideyuki Suenaga, Takahiro Abe, Kazuto Hoshi
BACKGROUND: Infections in the oral and maxillofacial region can sometimes extend beyond the oral cavity, with serious consequences. Most oral infections are odontogenic, occurring through the root apex of the tooth or the periodontal pocket. It thus makes sense that edentulous patients have a much lower risk of oral bacterial infection. For this reason, while there are many reports on systemic infections caused by oral infections, few of these describe such infections in edentulous patients...
August 18, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929056/clinico-pathological-profile-of-deep-neck-space-infection-a-prospective-study
#4
Rumpa Das, Gorakh Nath, Anupam Mishra
Deep neck space infections (DNI) has been a common and serious disease, involving several spaces created by planes of greater and lesser resistance between the fascial layers of the neck. Infection of deep neck space has been dangerous due to its potential ease of spread from one space to other space, associated sepsis and upper airway obstruction. This prospective study was done in 45 patients of DNI over a period of 1 year. Patients with age of 1 month to 80 years of both the sexes were included. Patient's particular, clinical presentation and associated co-morbid conditions, physical examination, routine laboratory investigations and radiological investigations were analyzed...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913323/cutaneous-basal-cell-carcinoma-arising-in-odontogenic-cutaneous-fistula
#5
Nam Gyun Kim, Jun Oh Kim, Young Ji Park, Jun Sik Kim, Yoon Jung Lee, Kyung Suk Lee
An odontogenic cutaneous fistula is a pathological communication between the outer skin surface of the face and the oral cavity. Facial cutaneous fistula is a complication of odontogenic infection that is often misdiagnosed with skin infection. We report a rare case, which was diagnosed as basal cell carcinoma based on the biopsy of skin lesions in the patient who had been diagnosed with odontogenic cutaneous fistula. A 64-year-old male patient presented with a cutaneous odontogenic fistula. The patient had undergone surgical extraction of fistula tract and loose tooth before dermatology or plastic surgery consultation...
June 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903524/pediatric-dental-clinic-associated-outbreak-of-mycobacterium-abscessus-infection
#6
Lindsay A Hatzenbuehler, Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo, Cherie Drenzek, Gianna Peralta, Lisa C Cranmer, Evan J Anderson, Sarah S Milla, Shelly Abramowicz, Jumi Yi, Joseph Hilinski, Roy Rajan, Matthew K Whitley, Verlia Gower, Frank Berkowitz, Craig A Shapiro, Joseph K Williams, Paula Harmon, Andi L Shane
Background: Mycobacterium abscessus is an uncommon cause of invasive odontogenic infection. Methods: M abscessus-associated odontogenic infections occurred in a group of children after they each underwent a pulpotomy. A probable case-child was defined as a child with facial or neck swelling and biopsy-confirmed granulomatous inflammation after a pulpotomy between October 1, 2013, and September 30, 2015. M abscessus was isolated by culture in confirmed case-children...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893540/the-use-of-antibiotics-in-odontogenic-infections-what-is-the-best-choice-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
João Roig Martins, Otacílio Luiz Chagas, Bibiana Dalsasso Velasques, Ângelo Niemczewski Bobrowski, Marcos Britto Correa, Marcos Antonio Torriani
PURPOSE: Odontogenic infections are a common problem in dentistry, and their treatment often requires the use of antibiotics besides the removal of the source of infection, which frequently makes it more difficult for clinicians to make a decision regarding the choice of antibiotic. This study aimed to answer the following questions through the Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) format: When should antibiotics be used in dental infections (DIs)? Which are the most effective drugs? How long should antibiotics be administered? MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a systematic review using the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases without restriction as to the period researched...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857997/cervical-necrotizing-fasciitis-of-odontogenic-origin-and-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy
#8
Caner Hakki Inan, Haydar Murat Yener, Mehmet Yilmaz, Emine Deniz Gözen, Zülküf Burak Erdur, Bengüsu Oroğlu, Eren Olcay, Nermin Memmedova
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is an infection of the soft tissues pathology with high mortality that spreads through the fascial planes and rarely seen in head and neck region. The cause of infection is often odontogenic problems. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, surgical debridement, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) are important for the treatment of disease. We report a case of cervical NF in a 33-year-old woman who was treated with rapid surgical debridement and simultaneous HBO.
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855834/pattern-of-management-of-oro-facial-infection-in-children-a-retrospective
#9
Manal Al-Malik, Maha Al-Sarheed
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the distribution and management of orofacial infection in children treated at one of the major hospitals in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia over a 12-month period during the year 2014. METHODS: Data from the clinical records of 94 children (33 girls, 61 boys; aged 2-14 years) who presented for treatment of orofacial infection at the emergency dental department of the military hospital in Jeddah during a 12-month period...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838838/microbiology-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-of-head-and-neck-space-infections-of-odontogenic-origin-differences-in-inpatient-and-outpatient-management
#10
Nils Heim, Anton Faron, Valentin Wiedemeyer, Rudolf Reich, Markus Martini
INTRODUCTION: The microbial flora of infections of the orofacial region of odontogenic origin is typically polymicrobial. Shortly after mass production of the first antibiotics, antibiotic resistant microorganisms were observed. METHODS: A 28-months retrospective study evaluated hospital records of 107 patients that were treated for head and neck infections of odontogenic origin. All patients underwent surgical incision and drainage. RESULTS: There were 65 male (61%) and 42 female (39%) patients ranging in age from 5 to 91 years, with a mean age of 48 years (SD = 21)...
October 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812940/odontogenic-orbital-abscess-with-intracranial-and-pulmonary-involvement
#11
E Hughes, N Wynne, S Quinn, T Fulcher
A 58-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with left ptosis and complete ophthalmoplegia. Imaging demonstrated a left orbital abscess. Her past medical history included cavitatory lung disease and "aseptic" meningitis 2 months previously. An anaerobic organism and commensal of the oral flora, Peptostreptococcus sp., was cultured from the orbital abscess. The patient was found to have a carious upper molar with chronic buccal abscess, which was extracted. This case presents an uncommon pathogen arising from an odontogenic infection as the etiology for orbital abscess, cavitatory lung disease, and meningitis in one patient...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780666/comparison-of-intubation-and-tracheotomy-in-patients-with-deep-neck-infection
#12
Laura Tapiovaara, Leif Bäck, Katri Aro
Possible airway compromise further complicates treatment of deep neck infections (DNI). Airway management is crucial, but factors affecting the method of choice are unclear. We retrospectively evaluated adult DNIs in a single tertiary center covering 10 years, with special attention on airway management. Patient data were retrieved from electronic data files from 2007 to 2016, and included adult patients with DNI operated through the neck. Of the 202 patients, 127 (63%) were male, with a median age of 47 years...
August 5, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764980/20-year-follow-up-of-recurrent-glandular-odontogenic-cyst-mimicking-a-periapical-lesion
#13
Brunno Santos de Freitas Silva, Fernanda Paula Yamamoto-Silva, Marcondes Sena-Filho, Simone Sousa Silva Sant'Ana, Wilson José Mariano-Júnior, Oslei Paes de Almeida, Carlos Estrela
Periapical lesions usually are caused by root canal infection; nevertheless, other pathologies may eventually involve the tooth apex, making the correct diagnosis more difficult. Glandular odontogenic cysts (GOCs) are uncommon and, despite their cystic nature, may present an aggressive behavior and a high recurrence rate. This report describes a recurrent GOC mimicking a periapical lesion that was followed up for 20 years. A 45-year-old woman described tooth discomfort for several years in the anterior region of the mandible that was not exacerbated during eating or occlusion...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754576/-management-of-odontogenic-infections-in-primary-care-antibiotic
#14
Purificación Robles Raya, Ana Pilar Javierre Miranda, Nemesio Moreno Millán, Ariadna Mas Casals, Elena de Frutos Echániz, M Luisa Morató Agustí
Our aim is to contribute to the rational use of antibiotics prescribed by family doctors when a patient consults for a dental problem. Nowadays we should not ask which antibiotic to give. The question has to be if we need to prescribe antibiotics in front of the most common odontogenic infections seen in our practice. We review the main dental infections, which should be their appropriate management and the role of prevention. We need to know the complexity of the oral microbiome because it?ll depend on the appropriateness of the antibiotherapy, the evolution towards cure or progression of some odontogenic infections...
July 25, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750016/intensity-and-duration-of-neutropenia-relates-to-the-development-of-oral-mucositis-but-not-odontogenic-infection-during-chemotherapy-for-hematological-malignancy
#15
Megumi Kishimoto, Masaya Akashi, Kazuyuki Tsuji, Junya Kusumoto, Shungo Furudoi, Yasuyuki Shibuya, Yumiko Inui, Kimikazu Yakushijin, Shinichiro Kawamoto, Atsuo Okamura, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Takahide Komori
BACKGROUND: D-index which combines the intensity and duration of neutropenia is reported as a tool for evaluating the dynamics of neutropenia. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between D-index and oral complications (i.e., oral mucositis [OM] and odontogenic infection [OI]) during chemotherapies for hematological malignancies. METHODS: A total of 421 chemotherapeutic courses in 104 patients were analyzed. Chemotherapeutic courses in patients who finished all of the prophylactic dental treatments were defined as "treatment Finish"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741270/involvement-of-porphyromonas-gingivalis-in-the-progression-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#16
Takashi Nakahara, Hideyuki Hyogo, Atsushi Ono, Yuko Nagaoki, Tomokazu Kawaoka, Daiki Miki, Masataka Tsuge, Nobuhiko Hiraga, Clair Nelson Hayes, Akira Hiramatsu, Michio Imamura, Yoshiiku Kawakami, Hiroshi Aikata, Hidenori Ochi, Hiromi Abe-Chayama, Hisako Furusho, Tomoaki Shintani, Hidemi Kurihara, Mutsumi Miyauchi, Takashi Takata, Koji Arihiro, Kazuaki Chayama
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The risk factors in the progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have not been fully clarified. Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g) has been considered to be a confounding risk factor for systemic diseases. We aimed to evaluate the effect of P.g infection on risk of progression to NASH. METHODS: (1) Serum IgG antibody titers against P.g fimbriae (fimA) in 200 biopsy-proven NAFLD patients were measured by ELISA and compared with histological findings...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735355/a-systematic-review-of-dental-disease-management-in-cancer-patients
#17
Catherine H L Hong, Shijia Hu, Thijs Haverman, Monique Stokman, Joel J Napeñas, Jacolien Bos-den Braber, Erich Gerber, Margot Geuke, Emmanouil Vardas, Tuomas Waltimo, Siri Beier Jensen, Deborah P Saunders
INTRODUCTION: This systematic review aims to update on the prevalence of odontogenic-related infections and the efficacy of dental strategies in preventing dental-related complications in cancer patients since the 2010 systematic review. REVIEW METHOD: A literature search was conducted in the databases MEDLINE/PubMed and EMBASE for articles published between 1 January 2009 and 30 June 2016. Each study was assessed by 2 reviewers and the body of evidence for each intervention was assigned an evidence level...
July 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727999/drug-ion-co-delivery-multi-functional-nanocarrier-to-regenerate-infected-tissue-defect
#18
Jung-Hwan Lee, Ahmed El-Fiqi, Nandin Mandakhbayar, Hae-Hyoung Lee, Hae-Won Kim
Regeneration of infected tissues is a globally challenging issue in medicine and dentistry. Common clinical therapies involving a complete removal of infected areas together with a treatment of antimicrobial drugs are often suboptimal. Biomaterials with anti-bacterial and pro-regenerative potential can offer a solution to this. Here we design a novel nanocarrier based on a mesoporous silicate-calcium glass by doping with Ag ions and simultaneously loading antimicrobial drugs onto mesopores. The nanocarriers could controllably release multiple ions (silver, calcium, and silicate) and drugs (tetracycline or chlorohexidine) to levels therapeutically relevant, and effectively internalize to human dental stem cells (∼90%) with excellent viability, ultimately stimulating odontogenic differentiation...
October 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717290/to-compare-the-efficacy-of-c-reactive-protein-and-total-leucocyte-count-as-markers-for-monitoring-the-course-of-odontogenic-space-infections
#19
Rishi Bali, Parveen Sharma, Priya Ghanghas, Niti Gupta, Jay Dutt Tiwari, Abhiroop Singh, Nitin Sapra, Disha Goyal
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of CRP and TLC as markers for monitoring the course of odontogenic space infections (OSI) in 50 patients. METHODS: A Clinical severity scale (CSS) was developed to grade the severity of infections in patients. Blood samples were taken preoperatively and postoperatively at day 1, day 2, day 3 and day 7 for measuring the levels of CRP and TLC. The trends of CRP and TLC were analysed against the CSS. The data was subjected to paired "t" test, ANOVA, Spearman rank correlation, Pearson's bivariate correlation as appropriate...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700034/application-of-endoscopy-to-treat-mandibular-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumors
#20
Z Gao, Q W Ni, W Gao, Y P Liu, Q Zhang
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of endoscopy to remove keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOTs) with virtual 3D mandibular images. Fifteen patients (mean age, 40.27±14.58 years) who underwent endoscopic mandibular KCOT enucleation between May 2009 and October 2009 were included. Virtual 3D mandibular reconstructions derived from computed tomography (CT) imaging were generated for all patients. Recurrence and pathological fracture were evaluated as the primary outcome variables at 1 and 12 months after operation...
July 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
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