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Odontogenic infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892525/treatment-of-odontogenic-infections-an-analysis-of-two-antibiotic-regimens
#1
Manish Bhagania, Wael Youseff, Pushkar Mehra, Ruben Figueroa
Purpose: Retrospective analysis of the efficacy for two commonly used antibiotic regimens in the management of severe odontogenic infections. Patients and Methods: Evaluation of records of patients admitted to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery service at Boston University Medical Center from 2009 to 2014 with severe infections of odontogenic origin (SOI). Patients were divided into two groups based on the administered intravenous antibiotic: 1) Group I: Clindamycin only and 2) Group II: Penicillin and Metronidazole...
May 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887803/dual-ecm-biomimetic-scaffolds-for-dental-pulp-regenerative-applications
#2
Chun-Chieh Huang, Raghuvaran Narayanan, Noah Warshawsky, Sriram Ravindran
Dental pulp is a highly vascularized and innervated tissue that provides sensitivity and vitality to the tooth. Chronic caries results in an infected pulp tissue prone to necrosis. Existing clinical treatments replace the living pulp tissue with a non-responsive resin filling resulting in loss of tooth vitality. Tissue engineering approaches to dental pulp tissue regeneration have been investigated to preserve tooth vitality and function. However, a critical criterion is the choice of growth factors that may promote mesenchymal stem cell differentiation and more importantly, vascularization...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877260/recovery-of-pure-red-cell-aplasia-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-associated-with-il-6-elevation-caused-by-odontogenic-infection
#3
Nobuhiko Nakamura, Soranobu Ninomiya, Takuro Matsumoto, Hiroshi Nakamura, Junichi Kitagawa, Takeshi Hara, Masahito Shimizu, Hisashi Tsurumi
We herein report a case of long-lasting pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) after major ABO-incompatible allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The patient needed red blood cell (RBC) transfusion every week after SCT. On day 236, he was diagnosed with odontogenic infection, and the serum levels of IL-6 were elevated to 12.1 pg/ml. After that, the numbers of reticulocyte rapidly began to increase, and RBC support was not needed from day 251. No standard care for PRCA following SCT has been established...
June 6, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876335/complication-of-an-odontogenic-infection-to-an-orbital-abscess-the-role-of-a-medical-fraudster-quack
#4
Nikhil Arora, Ruchika Juneja, Ravi Meher
Introduction: Complication of an odontogenic infection to an orbital abscess is not a common presentation. The progression from a simple toothache to a condition that may lead to loss of vision is sudden and severe. Case Report: We report a rare case in which a patient developed facial cellulitis that progressed to orbital abscess after unsterile dental manipulation by a medical fraudster ("quack"). The patient was initiated on high-grade antibiotics, which resolved the facial cellulitis...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848536/taking-heed-of-the-danger-space-acute-descending-necrotising-mediastinitis-secondary-to-primary-odontogenic-infection
#5
Rose Mark, Swithin Song, Peter Mark
Descending necrotising mediastinitis (DNM) is an uncommon clinical entity which may arise secondary to primary odontogenic or neck infection in susceptible patients. Infection may spread contiguously via the alar or 'danger' space, a potential anatomical space posterior to the true retropharyngeal space.1 Spread of infection to the mediastinum almost always necessitates urgent cardiothoracic surgical intervention.2-4 This case report describes a male patient whose clinical deterioration following the diagnosis of submandibular abscess was investigated with CT imaging of the chest, where a diagnosis of DNM was made...
May 30, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806655/treatment-options-for-odontogenic-maxillary-sinusitis-a-review
#6
Rokas Aukštakalnis, Rūta Simonavičiūtė, Regimantas Simuntis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review the main treatment options for odontogenic sinusitis that are used today. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Search on PubMed, Cochrane Library, PMC, Science Direct data bases. For a literature review search keywords were used: odontogenic sinusitis, odontogenic maxillary sinusitis treatment OR diagnosis, maxillary sinusitis of dental source OR dental origin OR etiology. RESULTS: 2886 articles were found in the databases using keywords...
2018: Stomatologija
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795104/-general-anesthesia-and-intensive-care-for-patients-surgically-treated-for-deep-neck-odontogenic-infections
#7
P G Sysolyatin, A N Shmakov, M E Ivantsov, V N Kohno, N L Elisar'eva, E I Streltsova, E M Loktin, A N Kolosov, V I Il'in
The study objectives were to determine the significance of deep neck odontogenic infections severity to predict the postoperative morbidity. Observational study was conducted in 2014-2015. A continuous sample of 38 patients who were urgently hospitalized in the Novosibirsk Regional Clinical Hospital with deep neck odontogenic infections and operated on the day of hospitalization was analyzed. SAPS scale rates correlated positively with the duration of the artificial lungs ventilation (ALV). The positive balance of the introduced and withdrawn liquid in the first day of the postoperative period is associated with the ALV duration, which requires accurate dosing of the infusion volumes...
2018: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770082/first-reported-case-of-multidrug-resistant-candida-auris-in-canada
#8
I S Schwartz, G W Hammond
Candida auris is a fungal pathogen that has recently emerged as a global threat to public health. It was first described in Japan in 2009 and has since been reported in 17 countries on five continents. This case report describes the first reported case of multidrug-resistant C. auris in Canada. In May 2017, a 64-year-old individual was evaluated for chronic otitis externa. Past medical history included a recent hospitalization in India for elective oral surgery that was complicated by an odontogenic brain abscess...
July 6, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735507/a-severe-deep-neck-odontogenic-infection-not-prioritised-by-the-emergency-department-triage-system-and-national-early-warning-score
#9
Emma Wates, James Higginson, Andre Kichenaradjou, Kieron McVeigh
A 62-year-old man with a background of type 2 diabetes mellitus presented to the emergency department (ED) with a 5-day history of dental pain, progressive right facial swelling, trismus, dysphagia and voice changes. The oropharynx could not be directly examined completely due to trismus. The patient had a National Early Warning Score of 0 and so was triaged into the 'minors' section of ED. Following assessment by the on-call oral and maxillofacial surgeon, an urgent contrast-enhanced CT demonstrated a large parapharyngeal collection, which required urgent anaesthetic and surgical intervention...
May 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733534/adult-onset-still-s-disease-initially-thought-to-be-an-odontogenic-infection-a-case-report
#10
Shunsuke Hino, Satoshi Nakamura, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio Horie, Tetsuo Shimoyama
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) initially suspected to be odontogenic inflammation. BACKGROUND: Adult-onset Still's disease is a rare, complex autoinflammatory disease and a known cause of fever of unknown origin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient had both a fever and dental pain. Following meticulous examination, the patient was diagnosed with AOSD. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should keep in mind that a patient such as AOSD may visit their clinics...
June 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721543/odontogenic-sinusitis-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#11
REVIEW
Ryan E Little, Christopher M Long, Todd A Loehrl, David M Poetker
Objectives: To present current literature on the topic of odontogenic sinusitis. Data Source: PubMed literature search for odontogenic sinusitis. Results: Odontogenic sinusitis is an inflammatory condition of the paranasal sinuses that is the result of dental pathology, most often resulting from prior dentoalveolar procedures, infections of maxillary dentition, or maxillary dental trauma. Infections are often polymicrobial with an anaerobe-predominant microbiome requiring special considerations for antimicrobial therapy...
April 2018: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697380/actual-issues-of-odontogenic-maxillary-sinusitis-review
#12
S Grygorov, G Poberezhnik, A Grygorova
Odontogenic maxillary sinusitis has now increasing incidence in dental and otorhynolaryngological practice. Its incidence varies from 10-12 % to 50-75 %, according to different authors. Literature study showed that odontogenic maxillary sinusites are mostly unilateral, and significantly differ in complaints, clinical signs, and diagnostic and treatment measures from other types of sinusitis. This should be taken into account, because often odontogenic maxillary sinusitis is misdiagnosed with common sinusitis, and only in 77 % such patients are examined by both dental specialist and otorhynolaryngologist...
March 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680775/numb-chin-syndrome-a-reflection-of-malignancy-or-a-harbinger-of-mronj-a-multicenter-experience
#13
Leonzio Fortunato, Massimo Amato, Michele Simeone, Francesco Bennardo, Selene Barone, Amerigo Giudice
INTRODUCTION: Numb chin syndrome (NCS) or mental neuropathy (MN) is a disorder characterized by sensory neuropathy on the distribution of the inferior alveolar nerve or mental nerve. The most frequent causes are of odontogenic origin (infections, wrong therapies). Other etiologies are related to primary tumor, metastasis, osteoradionecrosis and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). The aim of this study is to highlight the clinical importance of NCS as one of the first symptoms of cancer or as consequence of drug therapy...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673728/infrahyoid-involvement-may-be-a-high-risk-factor-in-the-management-of-non-odontogenic-deep-neck-infection-retrospective-study
#14
Hui Yuan, Rong Gao
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the impact of involvement of the infrahyoid neck space on the management of non-odontogenic DNI. METHOD: Eighty-one patients treated for non-odontogenic DNI over 5 years were retrospectively recruited into this study. Demographics, etiology, radiology results, treatments, duration/cost of hospital stay, and complications were recorded. Differences between DNIs with and without infrahyoid involvement, as defined based on an anatomical chart, were analyzed...
July 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623214/mandibular-osteomyelitis-due-to-raoultella-species
#15
Philip W Lam, Manal Tadros, Ignatius W Fong
Introduction: Raoultella is a genus of aerobic Gram-negative bacilli belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae that are commonly found in water, soil and aquatic environments. With improved bacterial identification techniques, Raoultella species (namely R. planticola and R. ornithinolytica ) have been an increasingly reported cause of infections in humans. Case presentation: An 85-year-old man presented to hospital with a several-week history of left jaw pain and trismus...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609668/radiopacities-of-the-jaws-interpretation-and-diagnosis
#16
REVIEW
David Andrew
General dental practitioners are less confident at diagnosing radiopaque lesions of the jaws than radiolucent ones, possibly because the incidence of jaw radiopacities is comparatively low. The current review covers the majority of radiopaque lesions that are referred for a specialist opinion, and focuses on those lesions that occur commonly or those that mimic other diagnoses. The majority of radiopaque jaw lesions represent normal anatomy/normal variants or superimposed soft tissue calcifications that are typically of no clinical significance...
March 1, 2018: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607833/assessing-clinical-sequelae-of-untreated-caries-among-5-12-and-15-year-old-school-children-in-ambala-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Jasneet Sudan, Girish Malleshappa Sogi, L Koretigire Veeresha
Background: Dental caries is a public health problem globally, especially in children. Thus, it is important to quantify its clinical consequences in terms of its prevalence and severity. Aim: This study aims to assess the prevalence and severity of oral conditions linked with untreated dental caries using pulp involvement, ulceration, fistula, abscess (pufa/PUFA) index in 5-, 12-, and 15-year-old school children in Ambala district. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 433 school children of 5-, 12-, and 15-year-old age group in Ambala district...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603711/management-of-a-severe-cervicofacial-odontogenic-infection
#18
Ana Km Tormes, Manoela M De Bortoli, Rui M Júnior, Emanuel Ss Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic infections originate from a tooth or from its supporting structures, generally secondary to a pulp necrosis, periodontal disease, pericoronitis, apical lesions, or complications of dental procedures, which can be restricted to the alveolus or can reach the jaws and face through maxillofacial spaces. These are the most common conditions which affect the head and neck regions. AIM: The aim of this study is to report a severe case of a cervicofacial odontogenic infection while discussing the most relevant aspects...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570802/antibiotic-resistance-in-severe-odontogenic-infections-of-the-south-australian-population-a-9-year-retrospective-audit
#19
I Liau, J Han, K Bayetto, B May, A Goss, P Sambrook, A Cheng
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate the microbiological trends in severe odontogenic infections requiring hospital admission in the South Australian Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit. Rates of antibiotic resistance to empirical antibiotic regimens were determined to quantify the clinical implications of antibiotic-resistant odontogenic infections. METHODS: A retrospective case audit was performed on all odontogenic infections admitted to the Royal Adelaide Hospital over a 9-year period...
March 23, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557405/brain-abscess-following-dental-implant-placement-via-crestal-sinus-lift-a-case-report
#20
Yifat Manor, Adi A Garfunkel
PURPOSE: To describe a rare case of odontogenic brain abscess. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A healthy, 35-year-old male had two dental implants placed in a simultaneously augmented maxillary sinus. One implant failed and the patient developed a maxillary sinusitis that failed to improve following antibiotic treatment at home. The neglected sinus infection led to formation of a brain abscess. The patient was hospitalised only when he had pan sinusitis with neurological signs...
2018: European Journal of Oral Implantology
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