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Odontogenic infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876162/predictive-factors-of-hospital-stay-in-patients-with-odontogenic-maxillofacial-infections-the-role-of-c-reactive-protein
#1
P Stathopoulos, D Igoumenakis, J Shuttleworth, W Smith, P Ameerally
To investigate whether clinical or laboratory variables on admission of patients with odontogenic infections are associated with a severe clinical course and a prolonged hospital stay, we hypothesised that specific factors such as the serum concentration of C-reactive protein (CRP) may act as predictors of the duration of stay. We designed a prospective patient-oriented study that included all those treated for maxillofacial infections of odontogenic origin in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Northampton General Hospital between November 2013 and December 2014...
November 18, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875708/does-restriction-of-public-health-care-dental-benefits-affect-the-volume-severity-or-cost-of-dental-related-hospital-visits
#2
David Salomon, R Eric Heidel, Antonia Kolokythas, Michael Miloro, Thomas Schlieve
PURPOSE: On July 1, 2012, the Illinois legislature passed the Save Medicaid Access and Resources Together (SMART) Act, which restricts adult public dental insurance coverage to emergency-only treatment. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of this restriction on the volume, severity, and treatment costs of odontogenic infections in an urban hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients presenting for odontogenic pain or infection at the University of Illinois Hospital was performed...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873145/use-of-refrigerant-spray-of-a-propane-butane-isobutane-gas-mixture-in-the-management-of-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumors-a-preliminary-study
#3
Eduardo Luis de Souza Cruz, Ana Karla da Silva Tabosa, Aline Semblano Carreira Falcão, Talita Tartari, Lucas Machado de Menezes, Edmar Tavares da Costa, José Thiers Carneiro Júnior
PURPOSE: Keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) is an aggressive benign tumor and the management by complete enucleation followed by cryotherapy maintains the inorganic bone matrix, resulting in better repair and reduces the rates of recurrence. A refrigerant spray with a propane/butane/isobutane gas mixture has been pointed to as an alternative to liquid nitrogen, because the device is easy to handle and contain within the cavity, providing better control and lower risk of injury to the adjacent soft tissue...
November 21, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833861/maxillofacial-infections-of-odontogenic-origin-epidemiological-microbiological-and-therapeutic-factors-in-an-indian-population
#4
V Yuvaraj
Odontogenic fascial space infections are commonly encountered by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon. A retrospective study of the epidemiological characteristics, microbiological analysis and treatment response to odontogenic infections treated in the oral and maxillofacial unit of a Dental school is presented. A retrospective analysis of case records of all odontogenic infections that reported to the oral and maxillofacial surgery unit in a Dental school over a period of 2 years was performed. Epidemiological data, microbiological profile and treatment responses were analysed...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829777/aggressive-nasopalatine-duct-cyst-with-complete-destruction-of-palatine-bone
#5
D Sankar, Veerabahu Muthusubramanian, J A Nathan, Ravi Sankar Nutalapati, Yasmin Mary Jose, Y Naren Kumar
Nasopalatine duct cyst is the nonodontogenic developmental cyst, frequently occurring in the midline of the anterior maxillary region. The clinical presentation of the cyst is often varied and presents a diagnostic difficulty and frequently misdiagnosed as developmental or inflammatory odontogenic cystic lesion. This paper represents a large infected nasopalatine duct cyst presenting with complete destruction of anterior palate and pyriform rim.
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822398/nonodontogenic-cervical-necrotizing-fasciitis-caused-by-sialadenitis
#6
Alper Yenigun, Bayram Veyseller, Omer Vural, Orhan Ozturan
Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressive infectious disease of the soft tissue with high mortality and morbidity rates. Necrotizing fasciitis is occasionally located in the head and neck region and develops after odontogenic infections. Factors affecting treatment success rates are early diagnosis, appropriate antibiotic treatment, and surgical debridement. We present a necrotizing fasciitis case located in the neck region that developed after sialoadenitis. It is important to emphasize that necrotizing fasciitis to be seen in the neck region is very rare...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815794/dental-health-and-odontogenic-infections-among-6-to-16-year-old-german-students-with-special-health-care-needs-shcn
#7
Marco Dziwak, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien, Kathrin Limberger, Susanne Ifland, Ilka Gottstein, Thomas Lehmann, Ina M Schüler
OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess dental health and odontogenic infections in students with special health care needs (SHCN) in the Free State of Thuringia, Germany. METHODS: From 1283 students with SHCN aged 6-16 years, 66.0 % (n = 848 of whom are 35.7 % females and 64.3 % males) with intellectual/learning disabilities (ID/LD), physical disabilities (PD), and sensory disorders (SD) participated after informed consent in oral examinations according to WHO standards...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807653/localization-and-expression-pattern-of-amelotin-odontogenic-ameloblast-associated-protein-and-follicular-dendritic-cell-secreted-protein-in-the-junctional-epithelium-of-inflamed-gingiva
#8
Yohei Nakayama, Ryoki Kobayashi, Sari Matsui, Hiroyoshi Matsumura, Yasunobu Iwai, Keisuke Noda, Mizuho Yamazaki, Tomoko Kurita-Ochiai, Atsutoshi Yoshimura, Tamayuki Shinomura, Bernhard Ganss, Yorimasa Ogata
The purpose of this study is to elucidate the localization of amelotin (AMTN), odontogenic ameloblast-associated protein (ODAM) and follicular dendritic cell-secreted protein (FDC-SP) at the junctional epithelium (JE) in Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans infected mice and inflamed and non-inflamed human gingiva. We performed immunostaining to determine the localization and expression pattern of AMTN, ODAM and FDC-SP. AMTN, ODAM and FDC-SP in A. actinomycetemcomitans infected mice did not change dramatically compared with non-infected mice...
November 2, 2016: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795652/-antihemophilic-factor-is-not-the-only-answer-for-all-factor-viii-deficiencies-case-report-of-odontogenic-infection-in-a-patient-with-hemophilia-a-complicated-by-factor-viii-inhibitors-and-managed-by-transfusion-of-antihemophilic-factor-and-factor-viii-inhibitor
#9
K M Sudheesh, K S N Siva Bharani, H Y Kiran, Suresh Hanagavadi
Dental extraction in hemophiliacs with acquired inhibitors is always a risky procedure, which often presents a lot of problems associated with bleeding. A known case of hemophilia A complicated with factor VIII inhibitors and having odontogenic infection was successfully managed by transfusion of factor VIII inhibitor bypass activity (FEIBA) and antihemophilic factor. Past medical history was significant for multiple factor VIII transfusions. Bethesda assay done to identify inhibitors revealed low titer factor VIII inhibitors...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790593/carcinoma-of-maxillary-sinus-masquerading-as-odontogenic-infection
#10
Ashir Kolikkal Ramachamparambathu, Manoj Vengal, Abdulla Mufeed, Nizaro Siyo, Anis Ahmed
Malignant tumours of maxillary sinus are rare. They are usually diagnosed in the late stages when they perforate the sinus walls. The presence of large air space in the maxillary sinus facilitates asymptomatic growth of the sinus malignancy. The clinical presentation of these tumours depends on the sinus wall involved by the disease. The medial wall is usually the first to become eroded, leading to nasal obstruction, epistaxis or discharge. Rarely, symptoms of maxillary sinus carcinoma can resemble dental infection and the affected patients may visit dental clinic seeking treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771829/a-retrospective-study-of-osteomyelitis-and-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-and-its-etiologic-implication-of-bisphosphonate-in-asians
#11
Sung Ok Hong, Chae-Yoon Lee, Junho Jung, Deog-Yoon Kim, Christian Walter, Yong-Dae Kwon
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study were to find the annual case trend of inflammatory jawbone diseases and to investigate the impact of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 372 patients diagnosed with inflammatory jawbone condition except for alveolar osteitis from 2007 to 2015 was initiated. History taking and investigation of etiologic factors MRONJ, osteoradionecrosis (ORN), odontogenic infection, foreign body, and trauma were investigated...
October 22, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765332/keratinizing-odontogenic-cysts-with-a-spectrum-of-verrucoid-morphology-investigation-of-a-potential-role-of-human-papillomavirus
#12
Kalpesh Lalla, Farzana Mahomed, Shabnum Meer
OBJECTIVE: The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in keratinizing odontogenic cysts (OC) has only rarely been studied. We describe the clinicopathologic findings in a series of OCs that had unusual keratinization patterns and were investigated for a possible HPV etiology. STUDY DESIGN: Tissue samples from 29 patients with keratinizing OCs were studied for light microscopic features suggestive of HPV infection and by an HPV DNA polymerase chain reaction assay. RESULTS: The mean age at presentation was 31...
November 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756512/can-progression-of-odontogenic-infections-to-cervical-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections-be-predicted
#13
K Zemplenyi, B Lopez, M Sardesai, J K Dillon
The progression of odontogenic infections to necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) is unknown. The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score is used to predict risk of NSTI. This study aimed to (1) estimate the frequency at which odontogenic infections progress to NSTIs, (2) measure the value of LRINEC in predicting progression to NSTI, and (3) estimate the charges associated with managing NSTIs. This retrospective cohort study enrolled all subjects admitted for the management of odontogenic infections from 2001 to 2013...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744474/-odontogenic-pain
#14
J A Baart, J F L Bosgra
A dentist is expected to be able to recognise and treat pain originating from the teeth. When dealing with short-term, acute pain, the cause can sometimes be found quickly, while this can be much harder in the case of chronic pain. Especially in this latter category, one should be even more careful in diagnostics and choose reversible treatments when possible. A focused anamnesis, a pain journal and trial local anaesthesia can help to identify the suspected cause of the pain. Careful extra- and intraoral examination is needed to reach a proper diagnosis...
October 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739083/subcutaneous-emphysema-secondary-to-dental-extraction-a-case-report
#15
Stephanie Tan, Dimitrios Nikolarakos
Although less frequently encountered in dental practices, subcutaneous emphysema of the face and neck has been reported in patients following dental extractions, particularly when lower molar teeth are extracted with the use of a high speed air turbine drill designed for restorative treatment, which forces air into the cervical fascial spaces. As facial swelling and pain are the most common presentations, subcutaneous emphysema can often be misdiagnosed as an allergic reaction or odontogenic infection. While usually a benign and self limiting condition, subcutaneous emphysema may have life threatening complications such as tension pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, air embolism, tracheal compression and mediastinitis, which are important to recognise in an emergency setting...
October 14, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703619/meningitis-and-subdural-empyema-as-complication-of-pterygomandibular-space-abscess-upon-tooth-extraction
#16
Paolo Cariati, Almudena Cabello-Serrano, Fernando Monsalve-Iglesias, Maria Roman-Ramos, Blas Garcia-Medina
Complication of dental infections might be various and heterogeneous. The most common complications are represented by maxilar celulitis, canine space celulitis, infratemporal space celulitis, temporal celulitis and bacteremia. Among rarest complications we found: sepsis, bacterial endocarditis, mediastinitis, intracranial complications, osteomyelitis, etc. Although dental infections are often considered trivial entities, sometimes they can reach an impressive gravity. In this regard, the present study describes a case of dental infection complicated by meningitis, subdural empiema and cerebral vasculitis...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665691/antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-microorganisms-isolated-from-periapical-periodontitis-lesions
#17
Masato Narita, Takahiko Shibahara, Nobuo Takano, Rie Fujii, Katsuji Okuda, Kazuyuki Ishihara
Periapical periodontitis usually results from microbial infection, with these microorganisms occasionally migrating to the root canal, which can lead to further, potentially life-threatening, complications. Here, the susceptibility of 27 bacterial strains to various antimicrobial agents was evaluated. These strains comprised 13 species; 16 of the strains were clinical isolates from periapical lesions. Each strain was inoculated onto blood agar plates containing one of the antimicrobial agents. The plates were incubated anaerobically at 37°C for 96 hr and the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) determined...
2016: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648332/maxillary-osteomyelitis-a-rare-entity
#18
Ayaaz Habib, Nagaraj Sivaji, Tauseef Ashraf
Osteomyelitis of the maxilla is now a rare event with the advent of antibiotics. The two predominant causes are odontogenic infections and sinusitis. Immunocompromised states such as diabetes, HIV, and malnutrition increase the risk of osteomyelitis. It is important to recognize this early as it is a difficult entity to treat with potentially serious consequences. We report an unusual case of right sided maxillary osteomyelitis in a lady with poorly controlled diabetes in rural Lincolnshire. Biopsy of the right maxillary bone showed features of acute osteomyelitis...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639154/ascending-facial-necrotizing-fasciitis-in-a-patient-taking-a-bisphosphonate
#19
Dong Hwi Kim, Ji Sung Lee, Sung Woon Pyo, Jung Ho Lee
Facial necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare fulminant infection of the soft and connective tissues that spreads along the fascial planes of the face. Its origins most commonly involve odontogenic infection and it is usually associated with a history of dentoalveolar surgery, such as tooth extraction or implant placement. We present a case of ascending facial NF with odontogenic origin in a patient taking a bisphosphonate.
August 24, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601196/severe-odontogenic-infection-in-pregnancy-a-timely-reminder
#20
Shreya Tocaciu, Bruce W Robinson, Paul J Sambrook
Dental practitioners often treat patients who are pregnant. Understanding the altered physiology in the pregnant patient, especially changes in immune function, is vital in effective management of orofacial infections. We present a case of rapidly spreading odontogenic infection in a pregnant patient requiring surgical management. We also discuss the physiological changes of pregnancy relevant to dentistry, and the principles of managing such infections in the gravid patient. This article is protected by copyright...
September 7, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
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