Read by QxMD icon Read

Odontogenic infection

Kalpesh Lalla, Farzana Mahomed, Shabnum Meer
OBJECTIVE: The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in keratinizing odontogenic cysts (OC) has only rarely been studied. We describe the clinicopathologic findings in a series of OCs that had unusual keratinization patterns and were investigated for a possible HPV etiology. STUDY DESIGN: Tissue samples from 29 patients with keratinizing OCs were studied for light microscopic features suggestive of HPV infection and by an HPV DNA polymerase chain reaction assay. RESULTS: The mean age at presentation was 31...
November 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
K Zemplenyi, B Lopez, M Sardesai, J K Dillon
The progression of odontogenic infections to necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) is unknown. The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (LRINEC) score is used to predict risk of NSTI. This study aimed to (1) estimate the frequency at which odontogenic infections progress to NSTIs, (2) measure the value of LRINEC in predicting progression to NSTI, and (3) estimate the charges associated with managing NSTIs. This retrospective cohort study enrolled all subjects admitted for the management of odontogenic infections from 2001 to 2013...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
J A Baart, J F L Bosgra
A dentist is expected to be able to recognise and treat pain originating from the teeth. When dealing with short-term, acute pain, the cause can sometimes be found quickly, while this can be much harder in the case of chronic pain. Especially in this latter category, one should be even more careful in diagnostics and choose reversible treatments when possible. A focused anamnesis, a pain journal and trial local anaesthesia can help to identify the suspected cause of the pain. Careful extra- and intraoral examination is needed to reach a proper diagnosis...
October 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Stephanie Tan, Dimitrios Nikolarakos
Although less frequently encountered in dental practices, subcutaneous emphysema of the face and neck has been reported in patients following dental extractions, particularly when lower molar teeth are extracted with the use of a high speed air turbine drill designed for restorative treatment, which forces air into the cervical fascial spaces. As facial swelling and pain are the most common presentations, subcutaneous emphysema can often be misdiagnosed as an allergic reaction or odontogenic infection. While usually a benign and self limiting condition, subcutaneous emphysema may have life threatening complications such as tension pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, air embolism, tracheal compression and mediastinitis, which are important to recognise in an emergency setting...
October 14, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Paolo Cariati, Almudena Cabello-Serrano, Fernando Monsalve-Iglesias, Maria Roman-Ramos, Blas Garcia-Medina
Complication of dental infections might be various and heterogeneous. The most common complications are represented by maxilar celulitis, canine space celulitis, infratemporal space celulitis, temporal celulitis and bacteremia. Among rarest complications we found: sepsis, bacterial endocarditis, mediastinitis, intracranial complications, osteomyelitis, etc. Although dental infections are often considered trivial entities, sometimes they can reach an impressive gravity. In this regard, the present study describes a case of dental infection complicated by meningitis, subdural empiema and cerebral vasculitis...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Masato Narita, Takahiko Shibahara, Nobuo Takano, Rie Fujii, Katsuji Okuda, Kazuyuki Ishihara
Periapical periodontitis usually results from microbial infection, with these microorganisms occasionally migrating to the root canal, which can lead to further, potentially life-threatening, complications. Here, the susceptibility of 27 bacterial strains to various antimicrobial agents was evaluated. These strains comprised 13 species; 16 of the strains were clinical isolates from periapical lesions. Each strain was inoculated onto blood agar plates containing one of the antimicrobial agents. The plates were incubated anaerobically at 37°C for 96 hr and the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) determined...
2016: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Ayaaz Habib, Nagaraj Sivaji, Tauseef Ashraf
Osteomyelitis of the maxilla is now a rare event with the advent of antibiotics. The two predominant causes are odontogenic infections and sinusitis. Immunocompromised states such as diabetes, HIV, and malnutrition increase the risk of osteomyelitis. It is important to recognize this early as it is a difficult entity to treat with potentially serious consequences. We report an unusual case of right sided maxillary osteomyelitis in a lady with poorly controlled diabetes in rural Lincolnshire. Biopsy of the right maxillary bone showed features of acute osteomyelitis...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Dong Hwi Kim, Ji Sung Lee, Sung Woon Pyo, Jung Ho Lee
Facial necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare fulminant infection of the soft and connective tissues that spreads along the fascial planes of the face. Its origins most commonly involve odontogenic infection and it is usually associated with a history of dentoalveolar surgery, such as tooth extraction or implant placement. We present a case of ascending facial NF with odontogenic origin in a patient taking a bisphosphonate.
August 24, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Shreya Tocaciu, Bruce W Robinson, Paul J Sambrook
Dental practitioners often treat patients who are pregnant. Understanding the altered physiology in the pregnant patient, especially changes in immune function, is vital in effective management of orofacial infections. We present a case of rapidly spreading odontogenic infection in a pregnant patient requiring surgical management. We also discuss the physiological changes of pregnancy relevant to dentistry, and the principles of managing such infections in the gravid patient. This article is protected by copyright...
September 7, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
Sharmista Roy, Sajid Sainuddin, Stuart Clark
Odontogenic infections can range from simple toothache to life-threatening swellings in the neck. We conducted a national survey to assess the confidence of the "first on-call" in oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) to admit or discharge these patients, and to see if local protocols or guidelines were in place to aid decision-making. We designed a questionnaire and emailed it to all OMFS units across the UK over a 3-week period in June 2015. We also contacted first on-call OMFS juniors by phone. A total of 54 respondents were confident and 24 were very confident to admit patients with odontogenic infections without a senior review, but only 45 were confident and 9 very confident to discharge patients from the emergency department without a senior review...
August 26, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Eduarda Helena Leandro Nascimento, Maria Luiza A Pontual, Andrea A Pontual, Deborah Q Freitas, Danyel E Cruz Perez, Flávia M M Ramos-Perez
INTRODUCTION: The maxillary sinus can be affected by dental infections because of its close relationship with upper teeth. This study aimed to assess the most common types of maxillary sinus alterations and to associate them with odontogenic conditions using cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images. METHODS: CBCT scans of 400 patients showing sinus disease in 1 or both maxillary sinuses were evaluated. Sinus alteration was considered as follows: generalized or localized mucosal thickening (MT), maxillary sinusitis (MS), and retention cysts (RCs)...
October 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Vittorio Capello
Odontogenic facial abscesses associated with periapical infections and osteomyelitis of the jaw represent an important part of the acquired and progressive dental disease syndrome in pet rabbits. Complications such as retromasseteric and retrobulbar abscesses, extensive osteomyelitis of the mandible, and empyemas of the skull are possible sequelae. Standard and advanced diagnostic imaging should be pursued to make a detailed and proper diagnosis, and plan the most effective surgical treatment. This article reviews the surgical anatomy, the pathophysiology, and the classification of abscesses and empyemas of the mandible, the maxilla, and the skull...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
Adarsh Kudva, A Chithra, Nirmala N Rao, K M Cariappa
Odontomas are the most common odontogenic tumors of the oral cavity which are nonaggressive, hamartomatous in nature consisting of enamel, dentin and cementum. They are called as composite because they contain more than one type of tissue. They are generally asymptomatic, hence recognised on routine radiologic examination. The compound odontoma is composed of multiple small tooth like structures, whereas the complex odontoma consists of a conglomerate mass of enamel and dentine, which bears no anatomical similarity to the tooth...
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
C Huentequeo-Molina, R Velásquez, S Olate, P Navarro, R Requena, J P Alister
Background: Odontogenic infection is a common condition in Latin America. The aim of this research was to determine the profile of odontogenic maxillofacial infections and to identify the link between these and the pain felt by patients admitted to the emergency dental service of the Hernán Henríquez Aravena Hospital in Temuco, Chile. Subjects and Method: A cross-sectional, double-blind study analysed 49 individuals admitted for emergency dental care. Included were admissions associated with odontogenic infection identified by clinical examination, establishing a relation to pain through a survey...
December 14, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
Matthias Zirk, Johannes Buller, Peter Goeddertz, Daniel Rothamel, Timo Dreiseidler, Joachim E Zöller, Matthias Kreppel
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic infections may lead to severe head and neck infections with potentially great health risk. Age, location of purulent affected sites and beta-lactam allergy are some mentionable factors regarding patients' in-hospital stay and course of disease. Are there new challenges regarding bacteria' antibiotic resistance for empiric treatment and what influences do they have on patients' clinical course? METHODS: We analyzed in a 4-year retrospective study the medical records of 294 in-hospital patients with severe odontogenic infections...
August 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Michael Yunker, Hans Malmstrom, Khalid Almas, Georgios E Romanos, Fawad Javed
A limited number of studies have reported an association between male factor infertility (MFI) and dental health status (DHS). The aim of the present study was to assess the association between DHS and MFI through a systematic review of indexed literature. To address the focused question-"Is there a relationship between DHS and MFI?"-indexed databases were searched up to March 2016 using various key words "infertility," "periodontal disease," "periodontitis," "dental infection," "caries," and "odontogenic infection...
June 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
A Minarikova, K Hauptman, Z Knotek, V Jekl
Abscesses of odontogenic origin in guinea pigs pose a serious health problem and need to be treated with a combination of surgical and medical therapy. The aim of this prospective study was to describe the microbial flora of odontogenic abscesses associated with osteomyelitis in 24 pet guinea pigs, to perform antibiotic sensitivity testing, and to make recommendations for practitioners on the antibiotics of first choice. Inclusion criteria for the study included the animal being diagnosed with an odontogenic abscess which underwent surgery and was not pre-treated with an antibiotic...
October 1, 2016: Veterinary Record
B Sandhyarani, Hina Noorani, P K Shivaprakash, A Huddar Dayanand
Pulpectomy is preferably more conservative treatment option than the extraction of deciduous teeth despite few undesirable consequences of obturating materials of which odontogenic cysts are one. This article aims to report a case of an 11-year-old female child having bilateral odontogenic cysts, i.e., radicular and infected dentigerous cyst followed by pulpectomy of deciduous molars using zinc oxide eugenol which was surgically enucleated and followed up to 6 months until satisfactory healing of bone was observed...
April 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Manuela Oliveira, Marta Tavares, Diana Gomes, Tiago Touret, Berta São Braz, Luís Tavares, Teresa Semedo-Lemsaddek
Periodontal disease - PD - is one of the most widespread diseases in dogs, but the role of this odontogenic infection in the dissemination of pathogenic bacteria present in the oral mucosa to other animals or pet owners is understudied. Trying to unveil the putative pathogenicity of enterococci present in the gums of dogs diagnosed with PD, thirty-two animals were investigated during routine visits to a private veterinary clinic. Seventy-one enterococci were recovered and characterized regarding species, genomic variability, virulence traits, antimicrobial resistance and biofilm-forming ability...
June 2016: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Davide Musu, Giampiero Rossi-Fedele, Girolamo Campisi, Elisabetta Cotti
The diagnostic use of ultrasonography in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery has previously been described in the literature. Considering that ultrasonography may be useful for the diagnosis of bone lesions of the jaws, a systematic review was carried out to examine the evidence. This review determined that ultrasonography has been used effectively for the diagnosis of infective and/or inflammatory lesions, cysts, nonodontogenic tumors, odontogenic tumors, and arteriovenous malformations and for the differential diagnosis of lesions of endodontic origin, compared with the gold standard of histologic analysis...
July 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"