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Dental hygienist

Yunjeong Heo, Hosun Chun, Seonghoon Kang, Wonjin Lee, Taewon Jang, Jongtae Park
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of medical radiologic procedures, wearing proper protector should be emphasized to reduce occupational radiation exposures. This research describes the rates of lead apron wearing for radiation protection and assessed occupational factors related to wearing rates for various types of healthcare professionals. METHODS: We conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey through a website, on-site visits, fax, and mail. Of the 13,489 participants, 8858 workers who could not completely separate themselves from radiological procedure areas...
2016: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Robyn Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
M Estai, J Winters, Y Kanagasingam, J Shiikha, H Checker, E Kruger, M Tennant
Objective This study was conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of intraoral photographic assessments by different members of a dental team as a means for dental screening in children.Methods The intraoral photographic records of 126 children (2 to 18 years old) were obtained from routine clinical records taken before dental treatment. Intraoral photographs were obtained using a DSLR camera and then uploaded to a cloud-based server using store-and-forward telehealth technology. Images were reviewed by an expert panel to formulate a benchmark screening baseline, to which the screeners' data were compared...
October 7, 2016: British Dental Journal
Anne E Münster Halvari, Hallgeir Halvari, Geoffrey C Williams, Edward L Deci
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that a Self-Determination Theory (SDT) intervention designed to promote oral health care competence in an autonomy-supportive way would predict change in caries competence relative to standard care. Further, to test the SDT process path-model hypotheses with: (1) the intervention and individual differences in Relative Autonomous Locus of Causality (RALOC) predicting increases in caries competence, which in turn would positively predict dental attendance; (2) RALOC negatively predicting dental anxiety, which would negatively predict dental attendance; (3) RALOC and caries disease referred to the dentist after an autonomy-supportive clinical exam directly positively predicting dental attendance; and (4) the intervention moderating the link between RALOC and dental attendance...
October 7, 2016: Psychology & Health
Jan J Reinders, Wim P Krijnen, Pieter Onclin, Cees P van der Schans, Boudewijn Stegenga
AIMS: Attitudes of dentists and dental hygienists towards extended scope and independent dental hygiene practice are described in several studies, but the results are heterogenous. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare the attitudes of dentists and dental hygienists towards extended scope and independent dental hygiene practice. METHODS: PubMed, AMED and CINAHL were screened by two independent assessors to identify relevant studies. Only quantitative studies that reported the percentages of dentists' and dental hygienists' attitude towards extended scope and independent dental hygiene practice were included...
September 27, 2016: International Dental Journal
Ingfrid Vaksdal Brattabø, Anette Christine Iversen, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Ragnhild Bjørknes
OBJECTIVE: Detecting and responding to child-maltreatment is a serious challenge and public health concern. In Norway, public dental health personnel (PDHP) have a mandatory obligation to report to child welfare services (CWS) if they suspect child-maltreatment. This study aimed to assess PDHP's frequency of reporting and failing to report to CWS and whether the frequencies varied according to personal, organizational and external characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was sent to 1542 public dental hygienists and dentists in Norway, 1200 of who responded (77...
September 20, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
A Vissink, C de Baat
Many patients who visit a dentist, oral hygienist or other oral healthcare provider use medicines. As a result of the ageing of the Dutch population, the number of patients using medicines will further increase, including the number of patients who are using more than one medicine. In addition to medicines, many patients, including healthy individuals, use self-care medications. Both medicines and self-care medications can interfere with dental treatment and/or may serve as an explanation for changes that dentists, oral hygienists or other oral healthcare providers observe in and around the mouth...
September 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
Ann Ingemansson Hultquist, Mats Bågesund
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) risk factors are suspected to vary between regions with different caries prevalence. AIM: Identify ECC risk factors for 1-year-olds predicting dentin caries at 3 years of age in a region with low caries prevalence. DESIGN: Caries risk was assessed by dental hygienist or dental assistant in 779 one-year-olds. The oral mutans streptococci (MS) score was performed from a tooth surface or (in pre-dentate children) from oral mucosa...
September 14, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Anushey Pervez, Janet S Kinney, Anne Gwozdek, Christine M Farrell, Marita R Inglehart
In 2005, Public Act No. 161 (PA 161) was passed in Michigan, allowing dental hygienists to practice in approved public dental prevention programs to provide services for underserved populations while utilizing a collaborative agreement with a supervising dentist. The aims of this study were to assess how well dental and dental hygiene students and faculty members and practicing dental hygienists have been educated about PA 161, what attitudes and knowledge about the act they have, and how interested they are in additional education about it...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Hiromi Otsuka, Keiko Kondo, Yuki Ohara, Masayo Yasuda, Natsuki Kishimoto, Masayo Sunaga, Keiko Endo, Shinichi Arakawa, Atsuhiro Kinoshita, Kayoko Shinada
The aim of this study was to develop, implement, and evaluate an inter- and intraprofessional education program with a peer support joint practice in which dental hygiene students teach medical and dental students about oral health care for older people requiring long-term care. In 2015 at Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 22 dental hygiene students in their third year at the School of Oral Health Care Sciences (OH3), 110 students in their third year at the School of Medicine (M3), and 52 students in their third year at the School of Dentistry (D3) participated in this program...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Martha J McComas, Marita R Inglehart
The changing role of dental hygienists deserves dental and dental hygiene educators' attention. The first aim of this survey study was to assess University of Michigan dental, dental hygiene, and graduate students' and faculty members' perceptions of dental hygienists' roles; their attitudes and behaviors related to clinical interactions between dental and dental hygiene students; and perceived benefits of engaging dental hygiene students as peer teachers for dental students. The second aim was to assess whether one group of dental students' experiences with dental hygiene student peer teaching affected their perceptions of the dental hygiene profession...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Marie A Navickis, Kathleen Mathieson
Patients with complex medical conditions require collaboration among multiple health care providers, and dental hygienists must be prepared to communicate effectively with medical providers to provide comprehensive quality patient care. The aim of this study was to assess U.S. dental hygiene students' attitudes about interprofessional collaboration (IPC) and identify any differences based on age, year in program, and program location. Participants were limited to students enrolled in dental hygiene associate degree programs across the United States...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Amy N Smith, Linda D Boyd, Christine Macarelli Rogers, Ronald C Le Jeune
Increasing the knowledge base of its practitioners through formal education is vital to advancing the dental hygiene profession, ensuring practitioners' readiness for participation in future health care workforce models, and preparing future dental hygiene educators. The aim of this study was to discover the value of, barriers to, and motivations for graduate education among dental hygienists as a first step toward establishing ways to stimulate enrollment and facilitate program change. A qualitative pilot study design was used, with focus groups used for data collection...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Linda D Boyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
E Widström, A Tillberg, L I Byrkjeflot, R Skudutyte-Rysstad
Objective and setting In Norway, the Public Dental Service (PDS) caters for the young (<19 years) and smaller numbers of adults, mostly special needs patients. This study surveyed chair-side preventive measures used in the public clinics and compared them with recommendations in evidence-based guidelines in the neighbouring countries.Materials and methods After ethical approval, the regional Chief Dental Officers (CDOs) emailed questionnaires to their local clinics (N = 421) where the most experienced dentist and dental hygienist were asked to respond on behalf of the clinic...
August 26, 2016: British Dental Journal
April Catlett
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional, quantitative research was to examine if registered dental hygienists feel competent to work independently based on regulations of dental supervision. METHODS: A stratified sample of 360 dental hygienists from 8 states completed the Dempster Practice Behaviors Scale survey. ANOVA and MANOVA analyses revealed how state dentist supervision level, age, degree of education, employment status, gender and years of clinical experience affect the perceived autonomy of professional dental hygienists...
August 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Katherine V Conklin, Gwen Essex, Dorothy J Rowe
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of community oral health experiences during entry-level dental hygiene education on participation in community oral health events after graduation and the facilitators and barriers experienced by dental hygienists in participating in these programs. METHODS: A 27-item survey, consisting of items related to community oral health experiences during and after entry-level education, was distributed by the California Dental Hygienists' Association to all dental hygienists whose email addresses were in their database...
August 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Debra A Dalonges, Jacquelyn L Fried
The importance of immediacy and positive relationships between students and teachers is well-documented. Applying immediacy to the patient/provider model has not been sufficiently explored. The significance in creating a bond of trust between the patient/provider is vital to the diagnostic and therapeutic process. As outlined by the National Dental Hygiene Research Agenda, this literature review supports strategies for effective communication between the dental hygienist and client. It examines the relationship between oral health care providers and their patients and applies the verbal and nonverbal cues associated with immediacy to affirm their relevance and effectiveness in educating and motivating patients to achieve optimal oral and systemic health...
August 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Denise M Bowen
The purpose of Linking Research to Clinical Practice is to present evidence based information to clinical dental hygienists so that they can make informed decisions regarding patient treatment and recommendations. Each issue will feature a different topic area of importance to clinical dental hygienists with A BOTTOM LINE to translate the research findings into clinical application.
August 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Kavita R Mathu-Muju, James McLeod, Mary Lou Walker, Martin Chartier, Rosamund L Harrison
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the Children's Oral Health Initiative (COHI) is to increase access to preventive oral health services provided to First Nations and Inuit (FN/I) children living on federal reserves and in remote communities. PARTICIPANTS: COHI targets preschool children; 5-7-year-olds; pregnant women; and parents/caregivers in FN/I communities. SETTING: The program was piloted in 2004 by Health Canada and is potentially available to all FN/I communities...
2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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