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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751605/oral-health-care-in-hong-kong
#1
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Hong Kong, as a special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China, is a metropolitan city in Asia with a population of approximately 7.4 million. This paper reflects the oral health care situation in Hong Kong. Water fluoridation was introduced in 1961 as the primary strategy for the prevention of dental caries. The fluoride level is currently 0.5 parts per million. Dental care is mainly provided by private dentists. The government’s dentists primarily serve civil servants and their dependents, with limited emergency dental service for pain relief offered to the general public...
May 11, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739846/childhood-obesity-dental-hygienists-beliefs-attitudes-and-barriers-to-patient-education
#2
Doreen Dawn M Cole, Linda D Boyd, Jared Vineyard, Lori J Giblin-Scanlon
Purpose: Increasing childhood obesity rates present a significant threat to public health. The purpose of this study was to explore dental hygienists' (DH) beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, current practices, and barriers for assessing and educating patients about childhood obesity. Methods: A random sample of DHs (n=13,357) was selected and emailed a link to the validated survey. Of the 1046 respondents who accessed the survey, 919 completed the survey for a completion rate of 89%. Results: A majority of the respondents understood the risk of chronic disease and obesity (99%), role sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) play as added sugar content in the diet (76%), and the amount of SSBs consumed by youth (91%)...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739844/nursing-administrators-views-on-oral-health-in-long-term-care-facilities-an-exploratory-study
#3
Janelle Y Urata, Elizabeth T Couch, Margaret M Walsh, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of supervising nurse administrators (SNAs) regarding the oral care provided to long-term care facility (LTCF) residents and the role of dental professionals in those facilities. Methods: The investigators of this study partnered with the National Association of Nursing Administrators to send this cross-sectional study consisting of a 35-item electronic survey to its members whose email addresses were in their database. Online software tabulated responses and calculated frequencies (percentages) of responses for each survey item...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717070/effect-on-dental-hygiene-students-of-a-substance-use-simulation-conducted-with-nursing-students
#4
Ann M Mitchell, Angelina Riccelli, Lynn Boucek, Kathryn R Puskar, Holly Hagle, Dawn Lindsay
Dental professionals have an opportunity to screen for substance use, provide targeted feedback based on patients' oral health, provide patient education, and refer for further assessment as needed. The aim of this study was to assess the impact on dental hygiene students of an interprofessional Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) educational intervention with standardized patients as a tool for initiating discussions on alcohol and drug use with patients. Starting in 2015, dental hygiene students in two classes at the University of Pittsburgh participated with nursing students in one and a half hours of didactic instruction followed within a ten-week period by SBIRT simulation scenarios utilizing standardized patients, with subsequent debriefing of students by faculty...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714498/an-electronic-screening-system-for-oral-health-examination-and-collection-of-critical-data-in-a-nonclinical-setting-validation-trial
#5
Joseph R Greenberg, Stephen Sinclair, Cheryl A Janssen, Kevin Krick, Mimi O'Brien, Kate Flanagan, Michael A Posner
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability, ease, and efficiency of data entry for an oral health screening app that allows iPad® entry of data, including permanent versus deciduous teeth present, visual image comparison grading of demineralization/caries, fluorosis, periodontal inflammation, oral hygiene status, identification of sealants/restorations, dental trauma, orthodontic malocclusion, mandibular joint dysfunction, and early childhood caries. METHODS: 89 consented children were examined first by a public health dental hygienist in a dental office reception area and then by a dentist in a treatment operatory...
May 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702677/acceptability-of-oral-rapid-hiv-testing-at-dental-clinics-in-communities-with-high-hiv-prevalence-in-south-florida
#6
Erin L P Bradley, Denise C Vidot, Zaneta Gaul, Madeline Y Sutton, Margaret Pereyra
BACKGROUND: Expanding HIV screening for populations at risk necessitates testing in nontraditional settings. We assessed HIV testing in dental clinics in South Florida, an urban area with the highest rates of HIV diagnoses in the United States in 2015. AIMS: We explored patients' acceptance of oral HIV rapid tests administered by dental providers and identified reasons for accepting or declining HIV testing. METHODS: During 2014 and 2015, dentists and hygienists at two federally qualified health center (FQHC) dental clinics who serve racial/ethnic minority patient populations in South Florida were trained to administer oral HIV rapid tests as a part of a routine dental visit...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696742/comparative-effectiveness-of-hand-scaling-by-undergraduate-dental-students-following-a-two-week-pre-clinical-training-course
#7
S J Gartenmann, D Hofer, D Wiedemeier, P Sahrmann, T Attin, P R Schmidlin
BACKGROUND: The Bologna reform resulted in a drastic restructuring of pre-clinical training courses at the University of Zurich. The aim of this study was to assess student pre-clinical scaling/root planning skills after just 8.5 hours of manual training. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three consecutive classes of dental students (n = 41; n = 34; n = 48) were tasked with removing lacquer concrement from the maxillary left canine on a typodont using Gracey and universal (Deppeler M23A) curettes...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651816/theoretical-and-hands-on-guidance-from-dental-hygienists-promotes-good-oral-health-in-elderly-people-living-in-nursing-homes-a-pilot-study
#8
B Seleskog, L Lindqvist, I Wårdh, A Engström, I von Bültzingslöwen
OBJECTIVES: Oral health in nursing homes for elderly is often unsatisfactory, and oral health education to nursing staff has not shown sufficient results why there is need for novel approaches. The aim of the study was to trial a new oral healthcare educational programme and to evaluate the effects on residents' oral health. In addition, attitudes among the nursing staff in the intervention nursing home were explored. METHODS: In a controlled clinical trial, two comparable nursing homes were randomly assigned for intervention or control...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603638/near-visual-acuity-of-dental-hygienists-with-and-without-magnification
#9
M Eichenberger, P Perrin, K R Sieber, A Lussi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was (i) to evaluate the visual performance of dental hygienists in their clinical environment and (ii) to analyse the relationship between self-assessed and objectively measured visual acuity. METHODS: The near visual acuity of 191 dental hygienists and dental hygiene students was self-assessed with a visual analogue scale and objectively measured with miniaturized visual tests in a simulated clinical setting. The visual acuity was also measured with magnification aids if they were part of the individual clinical equipment...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601679/shaping-the-future-of-dental-education-caries-as-a-case-study
#10
N B Pitts, M E Mazevet, C Mayne
This study reports on the full-day workshop "The Shape of The Future of Dental Education for Dental Caries-and how we get there" held immediately prior to the May 2017 ADEE/ADEA/King's College London meeting "Shaping the Future of Dental Education." A standardised, evidence-led Core Curriculum in Cariology (CCC) was developed jointly and systematically by ORCA and ADEE, starting in 2010. At the same time, the ICDAS Foundation was developing a comprehensive caries management system, ICCMS™...
March 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577266/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-infection-control-and-nasal-mrsa-carriage-rate-among-dental-health-care-professionals
#11
Yeon-Jee Yoo, Eun-Jung Kwak, Kyung Muk Jeong, Seung-Ho Baek, Yoo Sang Baek
BACKGROUND: Dental health-care professionals (DHCPs) with nasal colonisation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can serve as a reservoir for MRSA transmission to others and be exposed to self-contamination with MRSA. Evaluating the knowledge, attitudes and actual practice of DHCPs is imperative for appropriate infection control. METHODS: Dentists, dental hygienists and dental technologists from Seoul National University Dental Hospital were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional survey and undergo nasal sampling of MRSA...
March 25, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560758/development-and-evaluation-of-the-j%C3%A3-nk%C3%A3-ping-dental-fear-coping-model-a-health-professional-perspective
#12
Carl-Otto Brahm, Jesper Lundgren, Sven G Carlsson, Peter Nilsson, Catharina Hägglin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to design a structured treatment model focusing on all levels of adult's dental fear, the Jönköping Dental Fear Coping Model (DFCM). The aim was to study the DFCM from a dental health professional perspective. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The DFCM was studied by means of quantitative and qualitative analyses. Nine dental clinics participated in Period I (pre-intervention/standard care), and 133 dental health professionals (dentists, dental hygienists, dental assistants) and 3088 patients were included...
March 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532597/effects-of-ultrasonic-instrumentation-on-enamel-surfaces-with-various-defects
#13
S-Y Kim, M-K Kang, S-M Kang, H-E Kim
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the enamel damage caused by ultrasonic scaling of teeth with various enamel conditions that are difficult to identify by visual inspection, such as enamel cracks, early caries and resin restorations. METHODS: In total, 120 tooth surfaces were divided into 4 experimental groups using a quantitative light-induced fluorescence-digital system: sound enamel group, enamel cracks group, early caries group and resin restoration group...
May 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524676/are-dental-providers-the-next-line-of-hpv-related-prevention-providers-perceived-role-and-needs
#14
Nolan Kline, Cheryl Vamos, Erika Thompson, Frank Catalanotto, John Petrila, Rita DeBate, Stacey Griner, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Laura Merrell, Ellen Daley
The rise in HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer incidence necessitates novel prevention efforts including multiple provider types. Although dental providers screen for HPV-related oropharyngeal cancers, little is known about their needs to advance "primordial prevention," or interventions at the earliest possible stage, to prevent HPV-related cancers. This study assessed dentists' and dental hygienists' perceived roles and needs regarding HPV-related primordial prevention. We conducted a mixed-method study with data from focus groups with dentists (n= 33) and dental hygienists (n= 48) and surveys from both provider types (n= 203) among providers from a diverse set of practice settings and geographic communities...
March 7, 2018: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518070/dental-personnel-treated-for-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-at-a-tertiary-care-center-virginia-2000-2015
#15
Randall J Nett, Kristin J Cummings, Brenna Cannon, Jean Cox-Ganser, Steven D Nathan
In April 2016, a Virginia dentist who had recently received a diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and was undergoing treatment at a specialty clinic at a Virginia tertiary care center contacted CDC to report concerns that IPF had been diagnosed in multiple Virginia dentists who had sought treatment at the same specialty clinic. IPF is a chronic, progressive lung disease of unknown cause and associated with a poor prognosis (1). Although IPF has been associated with certain occupations (2), no published data exist regarding IPF in dentists...
March 9, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504025/impact-of-implementing-a-competency-based-clinical-curriculum-transitioning-a-dental-hygiene-program
#16
Claire S Tucker, Melissa G Efurd, Robert L Kennedy
PURPOSE: Competency-based education is employed to ensure students are prepared to perform tasks required by entry-level practitioners. The American Dental Education Association's curriculum for dental hygiene programs states that students should learn skills consistently performed by dental hygienists to the level of competence. The purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of a competency- based dental hygiene clinical program at University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500284/factors-influencing-dental-hygienists-decisions-to-pursue-doctoral-degrees
#17
Emma Carpenter, Ann A Lazar, Gwen Essex, Cheryl A Davis, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To identify the factors that have influenced dental hygienists to pursue post-graduate education opportunities, specifically dental (DDS, DMD) as compared to academic doctoral degrees, such as doctor of philosophy (PhD) or doctor of education (EdD). Methods: A convenience sample of dental hygienists with doctoral degrees were identified from multiple sources (n=140) and sent a 27-item web-based survey. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influence of independent variables (respondents' demographic and personal characteristics, influential persons and experiences, encouraging and motivating factors) on the respondents' decision to pursue either a dental or an academic doctoral degree...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500283/general-dentists-perceptions-of-dental-hygienists-professional-role-a-survey
#18
Samantha K Mishler, Marita R Inglehart, Martha J McComas, Carol Anne Murdoch-Kinch, Janet S Kinney
Purpose: Changes in dental hygienists' scope of practice in the United States (U.S.) are not independent of general dentists' attitudes and behavior related to dental hygienists' professional roles. The purpose of this study was to assess perceptions and knowledge of general dentists concerning the legally allowable duties of dental hygienists in their state versus the services they provide in their individual practices; the importance of dental hygienists' contributions to the practice; and how well dental hygienists interact with dentists and patients...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500280/a-study-of-visible-tattoos-in-entry-level-dental-hygiene-education-programs
#19
Kathryn R Search, Susan L Tolle, Gayle B McCombs, Aaron Arndt
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to survey entry-level dental hygiene program directors in the United States (U.S.) to assess their perceptions of dental hygienists with visible tattoos as well as to determine current policies related to dress codes in U.S. dental hygiene programs. Methods: Data was collected with an online survey emailed to 340 dental hygiene program directors yielding a 43% (n=141) response rate. Participants indicated their opinions of visible tattoos on the basis of professionalism and school policy satisfaction...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499677/reasons-for-reported-suspicion-of-child-maltreatment-and-responses-from-the-child-welfare-a-cross-sectional-study-of-norwegian-public-dental-health-personnel
#20
Ingfrid Vaksdal Brattabø, Ragnhild Bjørknes, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm
BACKGROUND: To prevent child maltreatment, the identification of vulnerable children is essential. In Norway, public dental health personnel (PDHP) report suspicion of child maltreatment to child welfare services (CWS) at a relatively high rate. However, their reasons for reporting and the response from CWS have not been investigated. The objectives of this study were to (1) explore the reasons that PDHP send reports of concern, (2) examine how CWS responds to PDHP reports, and (3) assess whether different reasons for concern are associated with a given response from CWS...
March 2, 2018: BMC Oral Health
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