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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327216/dental-erosion-prevalence-and-risk-factors-among-a-group-of-adolescents-in-stockholm-county
#1
M Skalsky Jarkander, M Grindefjord, K Carlstedt
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of dental erosion (DE) among a group of adolescents in Stockholm County. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross sectional cohort study was conducted at three clinics of the Public Dental Service in Stockholm County. Fifteen and 17 year old adolescents (1335) who scheduled their regular dental health examination were asked to participate. After drop-outs a sample of 1071 individuals, 547 males and 524 females were enrolled in the study...
January 11, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326466/a-study-of-oral-health-prevention-behaviours-for-patients-with-early-stage-dementia
#2
R Emanuel, A Sorensen
Background Thorough dental prevention provided at the diagnosis of early stage dementia may be able to reduce the risk of dental disease before the associated cognitive decline takes hold.Method A questionnaire was used to see how many patients with a recent diagnosis of dementia were registered with a dentist and if they were accessing preventative dental care. The questionnaire was administered to patients attending Memory Assessment Services (MAS), approximately ten weeks after initial diagnosis. A similar questionnaire was conducted among MAS staff providing insight into their own personal dental care knowledge and behaviours...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326444/fighting-the-corner-for-dental-hygienists-and-dental-therapists
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318741/the-role-of-ergonomic-saddle-seats-and-magnification-loupes-in-the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
A Plessas, M Bernardes Delgado
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal disorders affect a high percentage of dentists, dental hygienists and therapists. Static and awkward working postures are considered as major risk factors. Proper seat selection and use of magnification loupes are promoted for their ergonomic benefits. The aim of this review was to evaluate the existing empirical evidence on the effect of the above interventions on (i) correction of poor posture and (ii) reduction in musculoskeletal pain. METHODS: The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297930/analysis-of-human-resources-for-oral-health-globally-inequitable-distribution
#5
Jennifer E Gallagher, Lynn Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases affect most of the global population. The aim of this paper was to provide a contemporary analysis of 'human resources for oral health' (HROH) by examining the size and distribution of the dental workforce according to World Health Organization (WHO) region and in the most populous countries. METHOD: Publically available data on HROH and population size were sourced from the WHO, Central Intelligence Agency, United Nations, World Bank and the UK registration body...
January 3, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285823/provision-of-oral-hygiene-services-as-a-potential-method-for-preventing-periodontal-disease-and-control-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-a-community-health-centre-in-korea
#6
Nam-Hee Kim, Ga-Yeong Lee, Su-Kyung Park, Yeun-Ju Kim, Min-Young Lee, Chun-Bae Kim
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a community-based oral hygiene service on general and periodontal health indicators of patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus visiting a community health centre in Korea. The study used a one-group pretest-posttest and interrupted time-series design. A total of 151 participants (45% male), with a mean age of 63 ± 8.4 years, were included in the study; these included patients with hypertension (62%), diabetes (12%) and both hypertension and diabetes (26%)...
December 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284536/dental-hygienists-perceptions-of-professionalism-are-multidimensional-and-context-dependent-a-qualitative-study-in-japan
#7
Yukiko Nagatani, Rintaro Imafuku, Toshinobu Takemoto, Tadayuki Waki, Taiji Obayashi, Tetsuji Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Due to the declining birth rate and aging of Japanese society, the roles and responsibilities of dental hygienists are continuously expanding. Medical professionalism needs to be pursued continuously throughout one's career in order to improve dental care and treatment. Although conceptualising professionalism is essential to the education of health professionals, professionalism in the field of dental hygiene has not been defined or adequately examined in Japan. The purposes of this study are to investigate dental hygienists' perceptions of the constituent elements of professionalism and the factors affecting their perceptions...
December 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284461/clinical-validation-and-assessment-of-a-modular-fluorescent-imaging-system-and-algorithm-for-rapid-detection-and-quantification-of-dental-plaque
#8
Keith Angelino, Pratik Shah, David A Edlund, Mrinal Mohit, Gregory Yauney
BACKGROUND: Significant numbers of adults and children have untreated plaque due to poor oral hygiene and consequently suffer from associate dental and systemic diseases. METHODS: A handheld device equipped with 405 nm light-emitting diodes was constructed to examine the prevalence of red fluorescence signatures associated with dental plaque. This device was used for in vivo imaging of all four incisors and all four canines of twenty-eight consenting human subjects...
December 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278008/oral-health-status-of-hospitalized-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-a-single-centre-observational-study
#9
Rena Nakayama, Akira Nishiyama, Chiharu Matsuda, Yuki Nakayama, Chiyoko Hakuta, Masahiko Shimada
OBJECTIVE: To assess the intraoral conditions and oral function of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This single-centre, cross-sectional observational study included 50 ALS patients, who were treated with tracheostomy positive-pressure ventilation (TPPV) while hospitalized. The disease duration, TPPV duration, current number of teeth, number of occlusal units, number of decayed/missing/filled teeth, community periodontal index, bleeding on probing, dental calculus, maximum mouth opening, salivation rate, tongue anomalies (atrophy or hypertrophy) and tongue coating were determined for each patient...
December 26, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246215/oral-cancer-screening-practices-of-oral-health-professionals-in-australia
#10
Rodrigo Mariño, Satoru Haresaku, Roisin McGrath, Denise Bailey, Michael Mccullough, Ross Musolino, Boaz Kim, Alagesan Chinnassamy, Michael Morgan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate oral cancer-related screening practices of Oral Health Professionals (OHPs - dentists, dental hygienists, dental therapists, and oral health therapists) practising in Victoria, Australia. METHODS: A 36-item survey was distributed to 3343 OHPs. Items included socio-demographic and work-related characteristics; self-assessed knowledge of oral cancer; perceived level of confidence in discussing oral health behaviors with patients; oral cancer screening practices; and self-evaluated need for additional training on screening procedures for oral cancer...
December 15, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238413/remineralization-strategies-in-oral-hygiene-a-position-paper-of-italian-society-of-oral-hygiene-sciences-s-i-s-i-o-working-group
#11
Consuelo Sanavia, Marco Tatullo, Jessica Bassignani, Silvia Cotellessa, Giulia Fantozzi, Giovanna Acito, Alessia Iommiello, Lorella Chiavistelli, Alessia Iommiello, Silvia Sabatini, Gianna Maria Nardi
Background/Objective: The clinical conditions that lead to an alteration of the enamel structure are numerous. The diet high in sugars and acidifying substances, psychological stress that triggers parafunctional behaviors, the reduced intake of fiber-rich foods or alkalizing substances, together with other factors, contribute to demineralization of the tooth enamel. Dental mineralizing products on the current market are distinguished according to the dosage form, the active ingredient, the release technology, clinical indications and patient choice...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235237/community-based-preventive-activities-in-the-public-dental-service-in-norway
#12
E Widström, A Tillberg, L I Byrkjeflot, L Stein, R Skudutyte-Rysstad
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe community-based preventive interventions undertaken by the dental team outside the dental clinics in Norway, from the dental hygienists' and the dentists' perspective, with the main focus on target groups and existing guidelines and routines for these activities. A secondary aim was to identify the personnel responsible for developing the local guidelines and the knowledge sources for the guidelines. METHODS: With the assistance of the Chief Dental Officers in 15 Public Dental Service (PDS) regions, questionnaires were emailed to the local clinics (n = 421)...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213011/the-prevalence-of-occupational-health-related-problems-in-dentistry-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Rajeshree Moodley, J M Van Wyk, Saloshni Naidoo
The study was conducted to report on the scope and prevalence of occupational health related-problems experienced by dentists, dental therapists, and oral hygienists in their practice of dentistry. BACKGROUND: Professional practice and dental training have many risk factors, and the dental team should be able to recognize these factors to protect themselves. The prevalence of conditions related to the musculoskeletal system, stress, percutaneous injuries, ears, and eyes are of concern...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202172/interprofessional-collaboration-of-dental-hygiene-and-communication-sciences-disorders-students-to-meet-oral-health-needs-of-children-with-autism
#14
Kelly L Anderson, Trisha L Self, Brandi N Carlson
PURPOSE: This pilot project was intended to introduce an authentic interprofessional education experience with students from Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) and Dental Hygiene (DH) to develop and apply strategies to assist children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to decrease their anxiety and improve their ability to participate in an oral screening and prophylaxis appointment. The second purpose was for students to learn each other's scope of practice. METHODS: Four children diagnosed with ASD were identified as having dental anxiety and unmet dental needs...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196328/an-interprofessional-education-and-collaborative-practice-model-for-dentistry-and-pharmacy
#15
Grishondra L Branch-Mays, Amy L Pittenger, Kristyn Williamson, Anna Milone, Emily Hein, Todd Thierer
The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility of an interprofessional education and collaborative practice model (IECPM) developed by the School of Dentistry (SOD) and College of Pharmacy (COP) for the University of Minnesota dental clinics and to report results of the needs assessment using specific primary care metrics and medication histories gathered through use of the model in 2015-16. Planning focused on establishing a workflow to implement the IECPM by the SOD and COP. The interprofessional team that provided patient care for the study consisted of 50 dental students, ten dental therapy students, one pharmacy student, one pharmacy resident, one faculty pharmacist, one dental assistant, one faculty dental hygienist, and two dentists...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151991/experiences-from-the-merger-of-clinics-in-the-swedish-public-dental-service-the-employee-perspective
#16
Christina Hassel Gustafsson, Anna-Lena Östberg
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the experiences of employees regarding the merger of clinics within the Public Dental Service (PDS), Västra Götaland Region, Sweden. Methods: Employees (dentists, dental hygienists, dental nurses) affected by both administrative and geographical mergers of dental clinics answered a web-based survey about experiences and effects of the merger process (n = 99, 47%). The Swedish short-form version of "The Nordic Questionnaire for Psychological and Social Factors at Work" (QPSNordic), the QPSNordic-34+ was used...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143453/professional-competencies-and-work-related-support-in-relation-to-periodontal-therapy-and-work-satisfaction-a-questionnaire-study-among-swedish-dental-hygienists
#17
A Liss, A Y Alian, J L Wennström, K H Abrahamsson
OBJECTIVES: To analyse dental hygienists' (DHs) views on professional competencies and behavioural interventions in the treatment of periodontitis patients, perceived work-related support and work satisfaction. METHODS: A Web-based questionnaire was distributed to all DHs employed at the public dental service in the county of Västra Götaland, Sweden. 302 (83%) responded to the questionnaire; 291 of these DHs stated that they on regular basis treated periodontitis patients and thus constituted the sample for analyses...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136047/-feminisation-does-it-make-a-difference
#18
H W van Essen, D D van Bergen, J I Stoker
In a digital orientating survey of gender differences among 156 male and 98 female dentists in the Netherlands, many similarities were found between the two groups. Men and women generally report that they are in good health, experience comparable levels of burnout (about 10%) and are equally satisfied with their choice of profession. To a large extent, they perceive the same aspects of their work as attractive, with 'patient care' as by far the most attractive feature. According to the dentists as well as 122 assistants and dental hygienists (who were also questioned in this survey), they have comparable leadership styles, while the dentists, on average, rate their leadership behaviour more highly than the assistants and dental hygienists do...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136045/-dental-care-by-women-how-does-that-work-in-the-practice
#19
K Jerković-Ćosić
With a growing number of female dentists, changes in the collaboration between dentists and dental hygienists are possible. To assess the possible consequences of these changes in dentistry for cooperation with dental hygienists, two important aspects are discussed: differences in vision with respect to treatment and the profession and differences in communication styles. Female dentists seem to be more prevention-orientated and people-orientated and are therefore more like the group of female dental hygienists...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132440/influence-of-successful-periodontal-intervention-in-renal-disease-inspired-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-clinical-trial
#20
Praveen Sharma, Paul Cockwell, Thomas Dietrich, Charles Ferro, Natalie Ives, Iain L C Chapple
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) exhibit increased morbidity and mortality which is associated with an increased systemic inflammatory burden. Identifying and managing comorbid diseases that contribute to this load may inform novel care pathways that could have a beneficial impact on the morbidity/mortality associated with CKD. Periodontitis, a highly prevalent, chronic inflammatory disease affecting the supporting structures of teeth, is associated with an increased systemic inflammatory and oxidative stress burden and the successful treatment of periodontitis has been shown to reduce both...
November 13, 2017: Trials
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