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Colon and rectum surgery

H Roman, M Ballester, J Loriau, M Canis, P A Bolze, J Niro, S Ploteau, C Rubod, C Yazbeck, P Collinet, B Rabischong, B Merlot, X Fritel
The article presents French guidelines for surgical management of endometriosis. Surgical treatment is recommended for mild to moderate endometriosis, as it decreases pelvic painful complaints and increases the likelihood of postoperative conception in infertile patients (A). Surgery may be proposed in symptomatic patients with ovarian endometriomas which diameter exceeds 20mm. Cystectomy allows for better postoperative pregnancy rates when compared to ablation using bipolar current, as well as for lower recurrences rates when compared to ablation using bipolar current or CO2 laser...
March 8, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Eiji Shinto, Jin-Ichi Hida, Hirotoshi Kobayashi, Yojiro Hashiguchi, Kazuo Hase, Hideki Ueno, Toshiaki Watanabe, Kenichi Sugihara
BACKGROUND: The presence of main or lateral lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer is classified as jN3 by the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum. Whether information on jN3 status adds value to the TNM classification remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the prognostic relevance of colorectal cancer nodal staging through the Japanese jN3 categorization compared with that through TNM. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study...
April 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Naohisa Yoshida, Yuji Naito, Takaaki Murakami, Kiyoshi Ogiso, Ryohei Hirose, Yutaka Inada, Mitsuo Kishimoto, Rafiz Abdul Rani, Yoshito Itoh
Cold snare polypectomy (CSP) should be performed for benign lesions, though an accurate diagnosis is sometimes difficult with only white light observation. Irregular findings by narrow-band imaging (NBI) are useful for differentiating malignant lesions from benign lesions, and cases with this finding are not expected for CSP. We present a diminutive T1 cancer resected by CSP as a reflection case. A 68-year-old man underwent colonoscopy for surveillance after polypectomy. A reddish polyp 4 mm in size was detected at the rectum...
January 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Imad El Moussaoui, Augustin Limbga, Manke Dika, Abdelilah Mehdi
Introduction Rectal prolapse is the complete protrusion of the rectum through the anal canal, incarceration rarely complicates rectal prolapse. Even more rarely, it becomes strangulated and gangrenous, necessitating emergency surgery. Case presentation We present the first reported case of strangulated acute rectal prolapse as the first manifestation of rectal prolapse. The patient was a 26-year-old man who presented with a 20×6 cm semi-spherical mass extra-anally. Rectosigmoidectomy with sacral rectopexy was performed, resecting 20 cm of the incarcerated rectum and sigmoid colon...
January 1, 2018: Scottish Medical Journal
Yu L Shevchenko, O E Karpov, P S Vetshev, A V Maksimenkov, I V Stepanyuk, Yu M Stoyko, A L Levchuk, V A Nazarov, D A Kolozyan
AIM: To analyze immediate outcomes of 286 laparoscopic and robot-assisted interventions on the colon and rectum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 256 (89.51%) laparoscopic and 30 (10.49%) robot-assisted procedures. 233 (81.46%) operations were performed for rectum and colon cancer. Postoperative complications after colon cancer surgery were revealed in 11.11%, including anastomosis failure in 2.08% of cases. Postoperative complications after rectal cancer surgery occurred in 32...
2018: Khirurgiia
Tzu-Chi Hsu, Ming-Jen Chen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The presence of carcinoma cells in the suture line may result in local recurrence. The purpose of this study was to assess whether carcinoma cells were present along the resection line where the distal clamp was applied. METHODS: During surgery, the rectum was clamped at least 3 cm distal to the palpable margin of the tumor mass. The rectum was divided distal and proximal to the clamp. The tissue inside the clamp was rinsed with normal saline, and the irrigation solution was sent for cytologic examination...
February 14, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
G Grimaldi, Chiara Eberspacher, A M Romani, D Merletti, A Maturo, S Pontone, D Pironi
AIM: The incidence of rectal cancer continues to rise. The functional results after complete Total Mesorectal Excision (TME) depend on the segment of colon used for reconstruction of colonic continuity and the form, the volume and the functional proprieties of the "neorectum". The aim of our study is evaluate the efficacy of our Modified Transverse Coloplasty Pouch (MTCP) after the treatment of low rectal cancer in terms of functional outcomes and quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 136 patients, underwent TME from January 2007 to December 2016 with diagnosis of extraperitoneal carcinoma of the rectum...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Hiromichi Maeda, Ken Okamoto, Koji Oba, Mai Shiga, Yuki Fujieda, Tsutomu Namikawa, Makoto Hiroi, Ichiro Murakami, Kazuhiro Hanazaki, Michiya Kobayashi
Examination of >12 lymph nodes (LNs) is important for the diagnostic accuracy of nodal status following resection of colorectal cancer. In the present study, the efficacy of a fat dissolution technique for LN retrieval was evaluated using resected colon and rectum mesentery. First, the resected mesentery was searched for LNs by inspection and palpation immediately after surgery. Subsequently, fat dissolution liquid was applied to the remnant fat and the LN search was repeated. The primary endpoint was whether the second assessment would increase the number of evaluated LNs...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Paolo Vercellini, Laura Buggio, Alessandra Borghi, Ermelinda Monti, Umberto Gattei, Maria Pina Frattaruolo
A comprehensive literature review was performed to evaluate the effect of various hormonal therapies, in terms of variations of intestinal and pain complaints and of patient satisfaction with treatment, in women with symptomatic, non-severely sub-occlusive endometriosis infiltrating the proximal rectum and sigmoid colon. A MEDLINE search through PubMed from 2000 to 2018 was conducted to identify all original English language articles published on medical treatment for colorectal endometriosis. Additional reports were identified by systematically reviewing reference lists and using the "similar articles" function in PubMed...
February 12, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
F Rampinelli, P Donarini, C Visenzi, S Ficarelli, G Ciravolo
BACKGROUND: To asses the results of laparoscopic surgical treatment of bowel endometriosis with transvaginal resection of the rectum employing ultrasonic energy retrospective study. METHOD: 100 patients with symptoms of narrowing or partial obstruction of colon were submitted to laparoscopic resection of rectosigmoid tract through a vaginal route. Length of surgery, blood loss, histopathological extent of rectal invasion, surgical complications, and length of hospital stay were the main analyzed outcomes...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Weiwei Chi, Richard R P Warner, David L Chan, Simron Singh, Eva Segelov, Jonathan Strosberg, Juan Wisnivesky, Michelle K Kim
OBJECTIVES: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are rare but have been increasing in incidence. Limited data on the long-term outcomes of patients with these tumors are available. METHODS: In this study, we used population-based data from the National Cancer Institute to assess long-term disease-specific survival (DSS) of patients who have undergone surgery for nonmetastatic disease. All patients with NETs of the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, appendix, and pancreas diagnosed between 1988 and 2009 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results registry...
March 2018: Pancreas
Shu Okamura, Hozumi Noda, Kazuhito Ohishi, Tomohiro Kitahara, Kohei Murata, Takayuki Minoji, Rie Hamano, Tetsu Yanagisawa, Nariaki Fukuchi, Chikara Ebisui, Hideoki Yokouchi, Takamichi Nishizaki, Masakatsu Kinuta
We here report the case of a 56-year-old female patient who underwent curative resection for right ovarian cancer with intraperitoneal dissemination and liver metastases. She received following adjuvant chemotherapy, and had been visited hospital for regular follow-up since then. One and half a year after surgery, blood examination showed increasing value of CA125. Contrast-enhanced CT scan revealed a tumor whose long diameter was 5 cm at front side of lower rectum. Following MRI and PET-CT examinations indicated the pelvic tumor as recurrence of ovarian cancer, so that laparotomy was carried out...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Masaru Udagawa, Yuuki Mizuno, Iichirou Ohnishi, Tetsuo Sugishita, Satoru Kakuta, Yoshiki Murase, Yuuichirou Watanabe, Rama Adikrisna
A69 -year-old male patient with type 3 gastric cancer in pyloric antrum underwent distal gastrectomy with regional lymphadenectomy. Serosal infiltration of cancer tissue was found in the anterior wall of antrum, and the evaluation of peritoneal lavage cytology were positive. Pathological analysis showed the tumor was mainly consist of moderately tubular adenocarcinoma and strongly positive for HER2 stain. Postoperatively, combined therapy of capecitabine and trastuzumab was carried out, but cisplatin was excluded because of the patient's rejection...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Tatsushi Shingai, Takayuki Fukuzaki, Yoshiro Ito, Tadafumi Fukata, Hiromichi Miyagaki, Hisashi Nishida, Yasuhiro Toyoda, Osamu Takayama, Setsuko Yoshioka, Shigeyuki Hojo, Yoshiichi Maeura, Hiroaki Ohigashi
A 60's male patient underwent laparoscopic left hemicolectomy with D3 lymph node dissection for transverse colon cancer. Adjuvant chemotherapy with tegafur-uracil and leucovorin was administered.Thirty -four months later, MRI scan revealed a mass with sacrum invasion.Radiation therapy(39 Gy/13 Fr)was performed followed by chemotherapy(modified oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and 5-fluorouracil plus bevacizumab).Two weeks after the completion of radiation therapy, staging laparoscopy and tissue biopsy was performed in the hard tumor, which was located at the caudal end of the incisional scar of the retroperitoneum, in front of the sacrum...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Hitoshi Kameyama, Yoshifumi Shimada, Ryoma Yagi, Saki Yamada, Shinnosuke Hotta, Yosuke Tajima, Mae Nakano, Takuma Okamura, Masato Nakano, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Takaaki Hanyu, Masayuki Nagahashi, Jun Sakata, Takashi Kobayashi, Toshifumi Wakai
This study aimed to evaluate the health-related quality of life(QOL)using EQ-5D-5L scores for patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer. A total of 30 consecutive patients(14 men and 16 women; median age: 67.5 years)from the outpatient clinic of our institute in January 2017 were eligible for this study. The primary tumor was located in the colon(n= 18)or rectum/anu(s n=12). Twelve patient(s 40.0%)had cancer recurrence, and 3 patient(s 10.0%)had a stoma. In addition, 11 patients(36.7%)underwent chemotherapy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Claudia Mehedințu, Lăcrămioara Aurelia Brîndușe, Elvira Brătilă, Michele Monroc, Ebticem Lemercier, Olivier Suaud, Cecile Collet-Savoye, Horace Roman
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether combining Computed Tomography-based virtual Colonoscopy (CTC) with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) improves preoperative assessment of colorectal endometriosis. DESIGN: Retrospective study using prospectively recorded data (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Seventy-one women treated for colorectal endometriosis managed between June 2015 and May 2016...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Emre Gorgun, Cigdem Benlice, Maher A Abbas, Scott Steele
BACKGROUND: Need for colon sparing interventions for premalignant lesions not amenable to conventional endoscopic excision has stimulated interest in advanced endoscopic approaches. The aim of this study was to report a single institution's experience with these techniques. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of a prospectively collected database of all patients referred between 2011 and 2015 for colorectal resection of benign appearing deemed endoscopically unresectable by conventional endoscopic techniques...
January 23, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Liyun Niu, Junling Zhang, Tianye Liu, Tao Wu, Weiguo Chen, Yong Jiang, Yingchao Wu, Pengyuan Wang, Yisheng Pan, Xin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of colorectal synchronous multiple primary cancer(SMPC). METHODS: From January 2008 to June 2011, 51 patients diagnosed with colorectal SMPC underwent surgery at Department of General Surgery of Peking University First Hospital. Their clinicopathological features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis were summarized and analyzed. SMPC was diagnosed according to the following criteria: each tumor must have a definite pathologic picture of malignancy; metastasis or recurrence from another colorectal cancer was excluded; tumors must be distinctly separated by at least 5 cm of all intact bowel wall from each other; SMPC has abnormal cells between tumor and normal mucosa and abnormal gland of transitional zone; each cancer is infiltrating carcinoma except the carcinoma in situ; all the cancers are detected at the same time or within 6 months...
January 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Francesco Vitali, Andreas Naegel, Juergen Siebler, Markus F Neurath, Timo Rath
Background and study aims:  The full-thickness resection device (FTRD) represents a novel endoscopic treatment method for lesions unresectable with conventional endoscopic techniques. The overall aim of this study was to evaluate technical success and in toto resection rates, recurrence rates, as well as immediate or late complications in patients who underwent polyp removal with the FTRD. Patients and methods:  Data from a prospectively collected database of 12 patients who underwent 13 over-the-scope clip-based full-thickness resections between June 2015 and June 2017 were analyzed...
January 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Haiyang Zhou, Canping Ruan, Zhiguo Wang, Zhiqian Hu
BACKGROUND: Intersphincter resection (ISR) is considered to be a superior technique offering sphincter preservation in patients with ultralow rectal cancer.1 Because high-definition laparoscopy offers wider and clearer vision into the narrow pelvic cavity and intersphincteric space, ISR has been further refined.2 However, functional outcome after ISR has not been optimal. More than half of patients receiving ISR suffer partial or even complete anal incontinence.3 We therefore propose a laparoscopic-assisted modified ISR, with the aim of improving sphincter function following ISR...
April 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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