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Colon and rectum surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210083/incidental-adenocarcinoma-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-stricturing-crohn-s-disease
#1
Ivan Kristo, Stefan Riss, Stanislaus Argeny, Svenja Maschke, Praminthra Chitsabesan, Anton Stift
AIM: To evaluate frequency and clinical course of incidental adenocarcinoma in patients with stricturing Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: In this study, consecutive patients, who were operated on for stricturing CD between 1997-2012, were included at an academic tertiary referral center. Demographic data and clinical course were obtained by an institutional database and individual chart review. Besides baseline characteristics, intraoperative findings and CD related history were also recorded...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194526/long-term-outcomes-after-treatment-for-t1-colorectal-carcinoma-a-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study-of-hiroshima-gi-endoscopy-research-group
#2
Yuzuru Tamaru, Shiro Oka, Shinji Tanaka, Shinji Nagata, Yuko Hiraga, Toshio Kuwai, Akira Furudoi, Tadamasa Tamura, Masaki Kunihiro, Hideharu Okanobu, Koichi Nakadoi, Hiroyuki Kanao, Makoto Higashiyama, Koji Arihiro, Kazuya Kuraoka, Fumio Shimamoto, Kazuaki Chayama
BACKGROUND: We aimed to clarify the long-term outcomes of patients with T1 colorectal carcinoma (CRC) after endoscopic resection (ER) and surgical resection. METHODS: We examined T1 CRC patients treated during 1992-2008 and who had ≥5 years of follow-up. Patients who did not meet the curative criteria after ER according to the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum (JSCCR) guidelines were defined as "non-endoscopically curable" and classified into three groups: ER alone (Group A: 121 patients), additional surgery after ER (Group B: 238 patients), and surgical resection alone (Group C: 342 patients)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152885/creating-an-online-resource-providing-hospital-cancer-surgery-volumes-in-california
#3
Laurence C Baker, Jennifer Malin, Joseph Parker, Merry Holliday-Hanson, Niya Fong, Stephanie Teleki, Lance Lang, Maryann O'Sullivan
: 172 Background: Little evidence is available to help patients and providers, payers and policymakers find the highest-quality hospitals for cancer surgery. We initiated a groundbreaking effort in California ( www.calqualitycare.org ) to publicly report hospital cancer surgery volume data online. METHODS: With financial support from the nonprofit California HealthCare Foundation, we assembled a multidisciplinary team to oversee the project and ensure sound methodology...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147360/what-can-we-learn-from-epidemiological-studies-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
Dana Duricova
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies represent the whole spectrum of patient population and should represent the mainstay when evaluating patients' prognosis. A high number of CD patients need surgical intervention during the disease course. The disease course of inflammatory bowel diseases, including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), is quite varied and still quite unpredictable. Key Messages: According to earlier studies, up to 60% of patients undergo at least one operation after 10 years of CD duration...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144212/methods-of-evaluation-of-anorectal-causes-of-obstructed-defecation
#5
REVIEW
Anne C Fabrizio, Yewande Alimi, Anjali S Kumar
Obstructed defecation is a complex disorder that results in impaired propagation of stool from the rectum. It is one of the major subtypes of functional constipation and can be secondary to either functional or anatomic etiologies. Patients with obstructed defecation typically present with symptoms of abdominal discomfort, a sensation of incomplete evacuation and rectal obstruction, passage of hard stools, the need for rectal or vaginal digitation, excessive straining, and reduced stool frequency. Evaluation of obstructed defecation is multimodal, starting with a thorough history and physical examination with focus on the abdominal, perineal, and rectal examination...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139235/functional-outcomes-after-disc-excision-in-deep-endometriosis-of-the-rectum-using-transanal-staplers-a%C3%A2-series-of-111-consecutive-patients
#6
Horace Roman, Basma Darwish, Valérie Bridoux, Rachid Chati, Sabrina Kermiche, Julien Coget, Emmanuel Huet, Jean-Jacques Tuech
OBJECTIVE: To assess the postoperative outcomes of patients with rectal endometriosis managed by disc excision using transanal staplers. DESIGN: Prospective study using data recorded in the CIRENDO database (NCT02294825). SETTING: University tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A total of 111 consecutive patients managed between June 2009 and June 2016. INTERVENTION(S): We performed rectal disc excision using two different transanal staplers: [1] the Contour Transtar stapler (the Rouen technique); and [2] the end to end anastomosis circular transanal stapler...
January 27, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133312/-a-case-of-a-patient-with-metastatic-rectal-uterine-cancer-from-the-ascending-colon-who-underwent-nose
#7
Atsushi Naito, Takeshi Kato, Tomo Ishida, Ryuichi Kuwahara, Yasuki Akiyama, Takuya Sakamato, Junichi Inatome, Kohei Murakami, Yoshiteru Katsura, Yoshiaki Ohmura, Yoshinori Kagawa, Atsushi Takeno, Chiyomi Egawa, Yutaka Takeda, Shigeyuki Tamura
An 80-year-old woman had undergone a right hemicolectomy for ascending colon cancer 9 months prior to the current presentation. CT and PET-CT showed a solitary tumor measuring 55mm in diameter at the uterus and rectum. Three 5mm ports and two 12mm two ports were placed. The sigmoid colon was mobilized using a medial approach as usual in laparoscopic surgery. The rectum and uterus were mobilized and were resected. We inserted the End-catchTM in from the vagina and removed the specimen. The patient had no abdominal pain and was discharged from the hospital 9 days after the operation...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133297/-a-case-where-rectal-cancer-ileus-caused-perforation-in-the-ascending-colon
#8
Tomohiko Machida, Masayoshi Kobayashi, Kazuki Sakai, Kunihiko Hiraoka, Takao Ichihara
The patient was a 65-year-old man. He had not defecated for a week in early December 2015, and had noticed abdominal pain and abdominaldistension from 4 days prior. The pain and distension worsened, and the patient was rush transported to our hospital. Via abdominal CT we found free air in the upper abdomen, expansion of the small and large intestines, and notably, significant intestinal tract expansion and a gas reservoir in the ascending colon. We found significant narrowing as well as hypertrophy along the entire circumference of the rectum and suspected gastrointestinal perforation due to rectal cancer ileus...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126268/-colorectal-cancer-in-the-elderly-surgical-treatment-chemotherapy-and-contribution-from-geriatrics
#9
Pilar Sáez-López, Elena Filipovich Vegas, Javier Martinez Peromingo, Sonia Jimenez Mola
Age is the biggest risk factor for colorectal cancer, with 70% of the cases in patients over 70 years old. For this reason, a review is presented on the surgical treatment and chemotherapy of cancer of colon and rectum in the elderly. A search was performed in PubMed, including words such as elderly, surgery, colorectal cancer, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and oncogeriatrics, and review articles and originals on treatment of colorectal cancer in the elderly were selected. A narrative form was developed from the latest evidence with the results obtained on the treatment of this pathology...
January 23, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120274/advanced-gi-surgery-training-a-roadmap-for-the-future-the-white-paper-from-the-ssat-task-force-on-advanced-gi-surgery-training
#10
Matthew M Hutter, Kevin E Behrns, Nathaniel J Soper, Fabrizio Michelassi
There is the need for well-trained advanced GI surgeons. The super specialization seen in academic and large community centers may not be applicable for surgeons practicing in other settings. The pendulum that has been swinging toward narrow specialization is swinging the other way, as many trained subspecialists are having a harder time finding positions after fellowship, and if they do find a position, the majority of their practice can actually be advanced GI surgery and not exclusively their area of focused expertise...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105621/-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-bone-metastasis-after-radical-resection-of-colorectal-cancer-within-5-years
#11
Ang Li, Zhen Tan, Chuangang Fu, Hao Wang, Jie Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of metachronous bone metastasis after radical resection of colorectal cancer within 5 years. METHODS: Clinical data of 1 749 patients with colorectal cancer, of whom 50(2.8%) patients developed metastasis to bone after operation, in the Department of Colorectal Surgery, Changhai Hospital of The Second Military Medical University from January 2001 to December 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to find the risk factors of metachronous bone metastasis from colorectal cancer using Chi square test and Logistic regression, respectively...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059915/bio-thiersch-as-an-adjunct-to-perineal-proctectomy-reduces-rates-of-recurrent-rectal-prolapse
#12
Saleh M Eftaiha, Jed F Calata, Jeremy J Sugrue, Slawomir J Marecik, Leela M Prasad, Anders Mellgren, Johan Nordenstam, John J Park
BACKGROUND: The rates of recurrent prolapse after perineal proctectomy vary widely in the literature, with incidences ranging between 0% and 50%. The Thiersch procedure, first described in 1891 for the treatment of rectal prolapse, involves encircling the anus with a foreign material with the goal of confining the prolapsing rectum above the anus. The Bio-Thiersch procedure uses biological mesh for anal encirclement and can be used as an adjunct to perineal proctectomy for rectal prolapse to reduce recurrence...
February 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987098/a-surgical-department-for-intensified-care
#13
Pierluigi di Sebastiano, Tommaso Grottola, Anna Maysse, Maria Marino, Francesco Zavattaro, Pas Quale Flacco, F Francesco di Mola
PURPOSE: The growing pressure to rationalize costs in the healthcare system demands the development of new healthcare models aimed at allowing patients to receive the best treatment, without ignoring the rising costs. METHODS: In the Healthcare Unit 2 located in the Abruzzo region in Italy, a new model of intensified care surgical department was designed in January 2013. The department was based on the selection of the degree of patient disease. Patients requiring a medium-low degree surgery were treated in the peripheral unit, in the Ortona hospital, while more complex surgical procedures, most cancer cases (including stomach, liver, pancreas, colon-rectum or multi-organ resections), were performed in the central unit in the Chieti hospital...
December 16, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938575/-prognostic-factors-of-postoperative-incisional-surgical-site-infections-for-colorectal-cancer
#14
H Zheng, P Chi, H M Lin, X R Lu, Y Huang, W Z Jiang, Z B Xu, S H Huang, Y W Sun, D X Ye, C Y Jiang, X J Wang
Objective: To explore the prognostic factors of postoperative incisional surgical site infections (I-SSI) for colorectal cancer. Methods: Clinical data of 2 385 colorectal cancer patients undergoing resection by the same surgical team in Department of Colon and Rectum Surgery, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January 2000 to February 2014 was analyzed retrospectively. There were 1 421 male and 964 female patients, with a mean age of (59±13) years. Univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were performed for independent prognostic factors of I-SSI...
1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934790/abdomino-endoscopic-perineal-excision-of-the-rectum-for-benign-and-malignant-pathology-technique-considerations-for-true-transperineal-verus-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-endoscopic-proctectomy
#15
Hazar Al Furajii, Niall Kennedy, Ronan A Cahill
PURPOSE: Transanal minimally invasive surgery using single port instrumentation is now well described for the performance of total mesorectal excision with restorative colorectal/anal anastomosis most-often in conjunction with transabdominal multiport assistance. While non-restorative abdomino-endoscopic perineal excision of the anorectum is conceptually similar, it has been less detailed in the literature. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing non-restorative ano-proctectomy including a transperineal endoscopic component were analysed...
January 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856106/surgical-management-of-colorectal-cancer-for-the-aging-population-a-survey-by-the-japanese-society-for-cancer-of-colon-and-rectum
#16
Hiroshi Matsuoka, Kotaro Maeda, Tsunekazu Hanai, Harunobu Sato, Koji Masumori, Yosikazu Koide, Hidetoshi Katsuno, Tomoyoshi Endo, Miho Shiota, Kenichi Sugihara
OBJECTIVE: The treatment policy of colorectal cancer in elderly patients is controversial due to a lack of specific guidelines. To clarify the present management of colorectal cancer for aged patients, a questionnaire survey was conducted by the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum. METHODS: Questionnaire forms were sent to the 430 member institutions of the Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum. RESULTS: The response rate of the surgical department to the questionnaire was 39%...
November 14, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837459/endoscopic-mucosal-resection-in-elderly-patients
#17
Stefano Pontone, Rossella Palma, Cristina Panetta, Daniele Pironi, Chiara Eberspacher, Rita Angelini, Paolo Pontone, Antonio Catania, Angelo Filippini, Salvatore Sorrenti
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of early superficial colorectal carcinomas is nowadays accepted as the gold standard treatment for this type of neoplasia. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mucosectomy in elderly patients considering the predictive value of submucosal infiltration. METHODS: A retrospective study of all patients referred for EMR of sessile colorectal polyps classified IIa by the Paris classification between April 2013 and April 2015...
November 11, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813487/-quality-of-life-after-colectomy-due-to-ulcerative-colitis
#18
Katrin Gudlaugsdottir, Elsa B Valsdottir, Tryggvi B Stefansson
INTRODUCTION: A significant proportion of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) undergo colectomy. The aim was to assess the quality of life (QOL) of these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with UC who underwent colectomy at The National University Hospital of Iceland or Akureyri Hospital 1995-2009 were included. 106 patients received three questionnaires. SF-36v2 and EORTC are standardised QOL-questionnaires. The third contained functional questions designed by the researchers...
November 2016: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796497/postoperative-recurrence-and-risk-factors-of-colorectal-cancer-perforation
#19
Hiroshi Asano, Kazuto Kojima, Naomi Ogino, Hiroyuki Fukano, Yasuhiro Ohara, Nozomi Shinozuka
PURPOSE: The common causes of colorectal perforation are benign. However, perforated colorectal cancer confers a risk of recurrence in the long term because of the malignant nature of the disease. In addition, the recurrence rate can also increase because of dissemination of cancer cells, reduced extent of lymph node dissection to prioritize saving life, and other reasons. METHODS: We evaluated the clinical features and postoperative recurrence in patients with perforated colorectal cancer who developed general peritonitis and underwent emergency surgery during a 7-year period between April 2007 and March 2014...
October 30, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749477/outcomes-in-colorectal-surgeon-driven-management-of-obstructing-colorectal-cancers
#20
Shunji Morita, Kimimasa Ikeda, Takamichi Komori, Tsukasa Tanida, Hisanori Hatano, Yoshito Tomimaru, Hiroshi Imamura, Keizo Dono
BACKGROUND: Emergency surgery for obstructing colorectal cancer is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes of emergency surgery for obstructing colorectal cancer in a single hospital, where care was primarily provided by colorectal surgeons. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at the Toyonaka Municipal Hospital...
November 2016: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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