keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Colon and rectum surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635173/laparoscopic-surgery-for-sigmoid-colon-cancer-after-multiple-operations-including-urinary-diversion-with-indiana-pouch-a-case-report
#1
Kazuya Iwamoto, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Junichi Nishimura, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
A 73-year-old man with lower abdominal pain was diagnosed at our hospital with sigmoid colon cancer. He had previously undergone radical cystectomy with Indiana pouch construction and gastrectomy to treat bladder cancer and gastric cancer, respectively. We performed a laparoscopic Hartmann's operation with Japanese D3 lymph node dissection. We observed severe adhesion in the abdominal cavity; adhesions between the urostomy and sigmoid colon were particularly severe. The tumor had invaded to the distal rectum, which had adhered to the pubic bone and the previously reconstructed urinary pouch...
June 21, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631339/the-length-of-the-large-intestine-in-children-determined-by-ct-scan
#2
Ali Mirjalili, Gregory Tarr, Mark Stringer
Little information is available on the length of the normal large intestine and its component parts in children. This information would be useful for procedures such as colonoscopy. The aim of this study was to investigate the length of the large intestine and its component parts in New Zealand children. Archival de-identified pediatric supine abdominopelvic computed tomography (CT) scans were retrospectively analyzed. After exclusion criteria, a total of 112 scans (57 males and 55 females) were included in the study and divided into three age groups: 0-2 years (n=33), 4-6 years (n=40), and 9-11 years of age (n=39)...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628353/effect-of-early-vs-late-start-of-oral-intake-on-anastomotic-leakage-following-elective-lower-intestinal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#3
Boudewijn J J Smeets, Emmeline G Peters, Eelco C J Horsten, Teus J Weijs, Harm J T Rutten, Willem A Buurman, Wouter J de Jonge, Misha D P Luyer
BACKGROUND: Experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated a beneficial effect of early enteral nutrition (EN) on anastomotic leakage following colorectal surgery. Early oral intake is a common form of early EN with various clinical benefits, but the effect on anastomotic leakage is unclear. This systematic review investigates the effect of early vs late start of oral intake on anastomotic leakage following lower intestinal surgery. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using the PubMed, Embase, Medline, and Cochrane databases...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624559/a-study-of-family-history-and-pathology-features-in-egyptians-with-large-bowel-cancer-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ahmed A Abou-Zeid, Wael A Jumuah, Essam F Ebied, Karim Sabry Abd El Samee Atia, Yasser El Ghamrini, Dina A Somaie
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer in Egypt has a higher incidence in young patients compared to western countries, where the disease is more prevalent in the old age group. This difference has been attributed to higher incidence of hereditary cancers in young Egyptian patients. The aim of this study is to compare the family history criteria and pathology features of tumors in young (<40 years) and old (>40 years) Egyptian patients with adenocarcinoma of the colon and rectum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is the analysis of our prospectively collected data on the pathology features of tumors in 313 consecutive patients (133 young, 180 old) with colorectal cancer presenting to the Department of Surgery within an eight-year period...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621183/-colon-reconstruction-after-the-hartmann-procedure-laparoscopy-or-laparotomy
#5
Loránd Barabás, Ákos Szabó, Szilárd Szabó, Gábor Turcsányi, Csaba Sipos, Gábor István
The Hartmann procedure - primarily - was introduced for the treatment of cancerous diseases of sigmoid colon and rectum. In the last few years it was performed in cases with complicated inflammation of the left colon, colon cancers with bowel obstruction or perforation, or in the case of insufficiency of the anastomoses, or in urgent operations after traumatics bowel injuries, when making the anastomosis is at very high risk. Later on the restoration of the continuity of the GI tract can be done traditionally (by laparotomy) or laparoscopically...
June 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616223/clinical-outcomes-of-self-expandable-metal-stent-sems-placement-as-palliative-treatment-for-malignant-colorectal-obstruction-a-single-center-study-from-japan
#6
Toshikatsu Nitta, Jun Kataoka, Masato Ohta, Kensuke Fujii, Tomo Tominaga, Yoshihiro Inoue, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Takashi Ishibashi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the efficacy of self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) implantation as palliative treatment for malignant colorectal obstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with malignant colorectal obstruction who underwent SEMS insertion as palliative treatment in our hospital between March 2013 and December 2016. We analyzed demographic, clinical, and operative characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 13 patients (8 males, 5 females; median age, 80...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608019/the-benefits-of-a-wound-protector-in-preventing-incisional-surgical-site-infection-in-elective-open-digestive-surgery-a-large-scale-cohort-study
#7
Keita Itatsu, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Gen Sugawara, Satoaki Kamiya, Masaki Terasaki, Atsushi Morioka, Shinsuke Iyomasa, Kazuhisa Shirai, Masahiko Ando, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the benefits of wound protectors (WPs) in preventing incisional surgical site infection (I-SSI) in open elective digestive surgery using data from a large-scale, multi-institutional cohort study. METHODS: Patients who had elective digestive surgery for malignant neoplasms between November 2009 and February 2011 were included. The protective value of WPs against I-SSI was evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 3201 patients were analyzed...
June 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599473/colorectal-cancer-in-cases-of-multiple-primary-cancers-clinical-features-of-59-cases-and-point-mutation-analyses
#8
Anshan Wu, Siqi He, Jingjing Li, Ling Liu, Chunlan Liu, Qi Wang, Xiaowei Peng, Jianda Zhou, Pei-Guo Cao, Ke Cao
The present study aimed to investigate the occurrence and clinical features of cases of multiple primary cancers including colorectal cancer (MPCC). The medical records of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) who underwent surgery at the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (Changsha, China) between August 2007 and August 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with MPCCs were identified and mutation analyses were performed on colon specimens. The results revealed that among 1,311 patients with CRC, 59 had MPCC (including 35 cases of ≥1 CRC with ≥1 other cancer type, and 24 cases with multiple CRCs and no other primary cancers)...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599468/clinical-significance-of-coagulation-factors-in-operable-colorectal-cancer
#9
Suee Lee, Seok Jae Huh, Sung Yong Oh, Myeong Seok Koh, Sung-Hyun Kim, Ji Hyun Lee, Jin Young Han, Hong Jo Choi, Su Jin Kim, Hyo-Jin Kim
Abnormal hemostasis in cancer patients has prev iously been studied. The primary objective of the present study was to evaluate the association between preoperative hemostasis markers and clinicopathological parameters, and to identify a hemostasis marker affecting survival in patients following curative resection for colorectal cancer. A total of 170 patients who underwent curative surgery for colorectal carcinoma were evaluated. Preoperative coagulation tests included platelet, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), fibrinogen, D-dimer and fibrinogen degradation product (FDP)...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597000/intraoperative-ultrasound-as-a-screening-modality-for-the-detection-of-liver-metastases-during-resection-of-primary-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Signe Bremholm Ellebæk, Claus Wilki Fristrup, Michael Bau Mortensen
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancer diseases worldwide. One in 4 patients with CRC will have a disseminated disease at the time of diagnosis and often in the form of synchronous liver metastases. Studies suggest that up to 30% of patients have non-recognized hepatic metastases during primary surgery for CRC. Intraoperative ultrasonography examination (IOUS) of the liver to detect liver metastases was considered the gold standard during open CRC surgery. Today laparoscopic surgery is the standard procedure, but laparoscopic ultrasound examination (LUS) is not performed routinely...
April 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588770/radiation-associated-colon-cancer-a-case-report
#11
Kazuhito Sasaki, Soichiro Ishihara, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Hiroaki Nozawa, Kazushige Kawai, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Koji Yasuda, Manabu Kaneko, Koji Murono, Hiroyuki Abe, Teppei Morikawa, Toshiaki Watanabe
Radiation-associated colon cancer is a rare clinical entity. We herein describe the case of a patient with radiation-associated colon cancer who had undergone low anterior resection for rectal cancer following preoperative radiotherapy. Certain characteristics of radiation-associated colon cancer are highlighted. The patient was a 48-year-old man who had undergone low anterior resection for rectal cancer following preoperative radiotherapy at a total dose of 50 Gy, at the age of 29 years. When the patient presented at the University of Tokyo Hospital, 19 years after the surgery, he complained of severe anal pain and frequent defecation...
June 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556347/a-case-of-ulcerative-colitis-with-squamous-cell-carcinomas-and-multiple-foci-of-squamous-dysplasia
#12
Yasuyuki Yokoyama, Ryuichi Wada, Takeshi Yamada, Eiji Uchida, Zenya Naito
Squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) in ulcerative colitis (UC) is rare. A 38 year-old Japanese woman, who suffered from left-sided UC for 18 years, underwent total colectomy due to SqCCs in the rectum and the sigmoid colon. They were well differentiated SqCC, and metastasis was found in the paracolic lymph nodes. Multiple small foci of squamous dysplasia (SD) were noted in the rectal mucosa. Glandular dysplasia was not found. TP53 was not detected in SD. Approximately 40% of cells were immunostained with TP53 in SqCC, however no mutation was found in TP53 gene...
May 28, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551914/-notes-assisted-endolumenal-rectal-resection-and-specimen-extraction-without-rectal-stump-opening-our-experience-with-this-novel-technique-in-a-porcine-model
#13
Anton Kvasha, Eyal Rosenthal, Muhammad Khalifa, Igor Waksman
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic surgery has long been used for colon and rectal resection, and the laparoscopic-assisted approach has prevailed in surgical practice. While this technique includes the fashioning of an intra-corporeal anastomosis, it still requires an abdominal incision for specimen extraction. Elimination of the abdominal incision and its potential complications has been the motivation for the development of natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) techniques. Many of these techniques make use of an open rectal stump, which poses as a potential for intra-abdominal contamination...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547933/hybrid-approach-using-laparoscopy-and-transanal-minimally-invasive-surgery-to-treat-rectal-cancer-with-invasion-to-the-seminal-vesicles
#14
Takuya Yamaguchi, Minoru Imai, Dai Uematsu
We treated a 64-year-old man for rectal cancer with direct invasion to the seminal vesicles and no distant metastases by complete resection with laparoscopy and transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS). We inserted the TAMIS device into the anal canal to above the anorectal ring and dissected to prostate level. High ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery and vein was performed by standard medial laparoscopy. The sigmoid and descending colon were mobilized, and in the postrectal space, we dissected to the space made by TAMIS...
May 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541751/a-novel-experimental-model-of-colorectal-endometriosis
#15
Anastasia Prodromidou, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Kitty Pavlakis, Laskarina Maria Korou, Maximos Frountzas, Dimitrios Dimitroulis, Georgios Vaos, Despina N Perrea
PURPOSE: Endometriosis is a disease that affects 6-10% of the female population, mainly women of reproductive age, and causes a variety of cyclic symptoms. Deep infiltrating endometriosis and in particular bowel involvement presents a challenge for modern surgery. To date, there are no experimental animal models in this field, demonstrating experimental induction of endometriosis directly attached to surface of the colon imitating human colorectal endometriosis; hence, the implementation of novel pharmaceutical and surgical strategies for the management of colorectal endometriosis is mainly limited to clinical studies...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526076/rectal-sparing-type-of-ulcerative-colitis-predicts-lack-of-response-to-pharmacotherapies
#16
Yuki Horio, Motoi Uchino, Toshihiro Bando, Teruhiro Chohno, Hirofumi Sasaki, Akihiro Hirata, Yoshio Takesue, Hiroki Ikeuchi
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is known as an immune disorder of the colon that generally involves the rectum, but an atypical distribution of inflamed mucosa has previously been noted in certain subtypes of UC, such as the rectal-sparing type (RST). As noted in a previous report, patients with the RST may be at elevated risk for disease refractoriness, but the clinical significance of RST remains unknown. METHODS: UC patients who underwent surgery between January 2010 and April 2015 were included...
May 19, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503284/arteriovenous-malformations-of-the-colon-a-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Ghodratollah Maddah, Abbas Abdollahi, Omid Rouhbakhshfar, Shirin Taraz Jamshidi, Masoumeh Hassanpour
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous malformations are one of the most common vascular disorders of the colon. Vascular disorders present as painless, high-volume rectal bleeding. CASE PRESENTATION: This study elucidates two rare cases of vascular disorders that are diagnosed as angiodysplasia of the left colon and cavernous hemangioma of the colon and rectum. The chief complaint in two patients was rectorrhagia. The patients who were diagnosed of ulcerative colitis were treated with sulfadiazine and prednisone...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470438/a-novel-physical-colonoscopy-simulator-based-on-analysis-of-data-from-computed-tomography-colonography
#18
Katsuhisa Noda, Takatoshi Kitada, Yasumoto Suzuki, Hugh Shunsuke Colvin, Taishi Hata, Tsunekazu Mizushima
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery is now practiced widely because of its lower postoperative morbidity. As flexible endoscopy during laparoscopic surgery minimizes surgical trauma further, training in endoscopy will become more important for surgeons. Thus, we designed a physical simulator, the Noda-Kitada-Suzuki (NKS) model, which could provide the more realistic insertion of a colonoscope. METHODS: We designed a colonoscopy simulator, based on information from computed tomography colonography scans of the anatomy and kinetic properties of the colon and rectum...
May 3, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463672/genito-urinary-function-and-quality-of-life-after-elective-totally-laparoscopic-sigmoidectomy-after-at-least-one-episode-of-complicated-diverticular-disease-according-to-two-different-vascular-approaches-the-ima-low-ligation-or-the-ima-preservation
#19
Giulio Mari, Jacopo Crippa, Andrea Costanzi, Michele Mazzola, Carmelo Magistro, Giovanni Ferrari, Dario Maggioni
The arterial ligation during elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diverticular disease can affect genito-urinary function injuring the superior hypogastric plexus, and can weaken the distal colonic stump arterial perfusion. Ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery distal to the left colic artery or the complete preservation of the inferior mesenteric artery can therefore be compared in terms of preservation of the descending sympathetic fibres running along the aorta to the rectum resulting in a different post operative genito urinary function...
March 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460202/neoplastic-sigmoid-uterine-fistula-an-exceptional-complication-of-large-intestine-cancer
#20
G Zanghì, V Leanza, R Vecchio, A D'Agati, S Cordova, N M Rinzivillo, M Lodato, G Leanza
Neoplastic sigmoid-uterine fistula is an extremely rare condition because the uterus is a thick and muscular organ. A 74-year-old woman was admitted to the First Aid Station suffering from abdominal pain and foul smelling vaginal discharge. Gynaecological examination showed fecal drainage from the cervical orifice, while the uterus was regular in size but very firm and painful. Ovaries and fallopian tubes were not palpable owing to abdominal tenderness. Ultrasounds reveled inhomogeneous thickening of uterine cavity, without detecting fistula...
January 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
keyword
keyword
38527
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"