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Doctors without borders

P S Sidhu
In these days of political vagueness, to use a kinder term, although many would describe the situation as turmoil, in Europe, there are success stories to be lauded. Notwithstanding the direction individual countries choose in relation to closer or not so close co-operation in Europe and the direction the political agenda will travel over the next few years, I believe science and in particular medicine has benefited enormously form close co-operation across the European Union and with colleagues outside this political and trading block of nations...
October 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Miguel Trelles, Barclay T Stewart, Hamayoun Hemat, Masood Naseem, Sattar Zaheer, Mutallib Zakir, Edris Adel, Catherine Van Overloop, Adam L Kushner
BACKGROUND: On October 3, 2015, a United States airstrike hit Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) Trauma Centre in Kunduz, Afghanistan. Our aim was to describe the care provided and estimate the health burden averted by surgical care at the hospital. We also report the benefit rendered by the Trauma Centre to the health of the local population prior to its destruction. METHODS: All operations performed in an operating theater at the Trauma Centre from its opening on August 30, 2011, to August 31, 2015, were described...
July 9, 2016: Surgery
Charles W Sauer, Krishelle L Marc-Aurele
BACKGROUND: Infants born at 23 weeks' gestation have a poor prognosis and require intensive care, including blood transfusions, to survive. Generally speaking, the decision to forgo life support is acceptable. Jehovah's Witnesses believe that life is sacred and want lifesaving interventions except for blood transfusions. Therefore, an ethical dilemma exists when a baby is born on the edge of viability to parents that are Jehovah's Witnesses. In this case, if parents and healthcare professionals disagree on the best interests of the child, the medical team should obtain a court order from the state to intervene...
2016: American Journal of Case Reports
Naina Bhalla, Nagham Hussein, Maha Atari, Rasheed M Fakhri, Chiara Lepora, Nadia Walsh, Sara E Cosgrove, Richard A Murphy
Antibiotic stewardship program (ASP) implementation in humanitarian settings is a new endeavor. Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières introduced an ASP within a hospital in Amman, Jordan, where patients from Iraq, Syria, and Yemen with chronic, often multidrug-resistant, infections related to war are managed. Antibiotics were reviewed, and real-time recommendations were made to optimize choice, dose, duration, and route by a small team. Over the first year of implementation, acceptance of the ASP's recommendations improved...
May 17, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Jean-Marie Milleliri
He would have celebrated his 100th birthday in 2015, but finally, it doesn't matter, since by leaving his name to African meningitis belt, that isohyetal band in sub-Saharan Africa where epidemics of cerebrospinal meningitis are rife, Lapeyssonnie, the trailblazer at the end of his trail, has gone straight into the textbooks of tropical medicine. There was probably nothing he enjoyed more than wandering the lateritic paths and Sudano-Sahelian bush in that zone. His first job, in the Mossi country in Upper Volta that had not yet become Burkina Faso, was of course an initiation...
January 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Cory S Harris, Natasha K J Campbell, Amir Raz
BACKGROUND: Physicians around the world report to using placebos in a variety of situations and with varying degrees of frequency. Inconsistent methodologies, however, complicate interpretation and prevent direct comparisons across studies. While US- and Canada-based physicians share similar professional standards, Canada harbours a less-litigious universal healthcare model with no formal placebo-related policy-factors that may impact how physicians view and use placebos. METHODS: To compare American and Canadian data, we circulated an online survey to academic physicians practicing in Canada, collected anonymous responses, and extracted those of internists and rheumatologists for comparison to US data obtained through parallel methodologies...
2015: PloS One
Markus Enenkel, Linda See, Mathias Karner, Mònica Álvarez, Edith Rogenhofer, Carme Baraldès-Vallverdú, Candela Lanusse, Núria Salse
The Central African Republic is one of the world's most vulnerable countries, suffering from chronic poverty, violent conflicts and weak disaster resilience. In collaboration with Doctors without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), this study presents a novel approach to collect information about socio-economic vulnerabilities related to malnutrition, access to resources and coping capacities. The first technical test was carried out in the North of the country (sub-prefecture Kabo) in May 2015. All activities were aimed at the investigation of technical feasibility, not at operational data collection, which requires a random sampling strategy...
2015: PloS One
Chiara Botti, Giovanni Botti
Among the current topics, one that is more commonly discussed is that of the mini-invasive or "soft" techniques that seem to attract doctors and patients more than real surgery. We instead propose a relatively aggressive technique that can really rejuvenate the faces and necks of our patients. Are we not in step with the times? The problem is, unfortunately, that until now there is nothing that, without anesthesia, swelling, bruising, and so forth, can magically bring about the result of a well-done facelift...
October 2015: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Deborah Wilson
In December 2013, the first cases of the most recent outbreak of Ebola virus disease (formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever) emerged in the West African nation of Guinea. Within months the disease had spread to the neighboring countries of Liberia and Sierra Leone. The international humanitarian aid organization Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF; known in English as Doctors Without Borders) soon responded by sending staff to set up treatment centers and outreach triage teams in all three countries. In August 2014, the World Health Organization declared the outbreak an international public health emergency...
December 2015: American Journal of Nursing
Adi Nadimpalli, Laura Buchholz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Elin A Gursky
Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) play a critical humanitarian role in the developing world. Over 100 NGOs currently operate in Sierra Leone, a country in West Africa that ranks 183 out of 187 in the United Nation's Human Development Index. Following a brutal 11-year war that ended in January 2002, the country has been unsuccessful at building a sufficiently resourced, robust, and anticipatory public health and medical care infrastructure. Consequently, Sierra Leone suffers from high levels of poverty, infant mortality, and limited access to safe drinking water, as well as morbidity from malnutrition, diarrheal diseases, hepatitis A, cholera, and typhoid fever...
October 2015: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Christopher J Doona, Florence E Feeherry, Kenneth Kustin, Gene G Olinger, Peter Setlow, Alexander J Malkin, Terrance Leighton
Recently, global public health organizations such as Doctors without Borders (MSF), the World Health Organization (WHO), Public Health Canada, National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the U.S. government developed and deployed Field Decontamination Kits (FDKs), a novel, lightweight, compact, reusable decontamination technology to sterilize Ebola-contaminated medical devices at remote clinical sites lacking infra-structure in crisis-stricken regions of West Africa (medical waste materials are placed in bags and burned)...
2015: Frontiers in Microbiology
Aitor Coca, Travis DiLeo, Jung-Hyun Kim, Raymond Roberge, Ronald Shaffer
OBJECTIVE: Experience with the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) ensembles by health care workers responding to the Ebola outbreak in the hot, humid conditions of West Africa has prompted reports of significant issues with heat stress that has resulted in shortened work periods. METHODS: A sweating thermal manikin was used to ascertain the time to achievement of a critical core temperature of 39 °C while wearing 4 different PPE ensembles similar to those recommended by the World Health Organization and Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) at 2 different ambient conditions (32 °C/92% relative humidity and 26 °C/80% relative humidity) compared with a control ensemble...
October 2015: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Florian Vogt, Katie Tayler-Smith, Andrea Bernasconi, Eliphas Makondo, Fabian Taziwa, Buhlebenkosi Moyo, Liberty Havazvidi, Srinath Satyanarayana, Marcel Manzi, Mohammed Khogali, Anthony Reid
BACKGROUND: CD4 cell count measurement remains an important diagnostic tool for HIV care in developing countries. Insufficient laboratory capacity in rural Sub-Saharan Africa is frequently mentioned but data on the impact at an individual patient level are lacking. Urban-rural discrepancies in CD4 testing have not been quantified to date. Such evidence is crucial for public health planning and to justify new yet more expensive diagnostic procedures that could circumvent access constraints in rural areas...
2015: PloS One
Félix Báez, Jorge Pérez, Gail Reed
Tramping through the Himalayan snows to treat patients after the 2005 Pakistan earthquake, internist Félix Báez could never have imagined he would be on the front lines of Ebola in Sierra Leone nine years later….much less that he would contract the deadly virus, live to tell the story and also to return to his team in Africa to continue the fight. At his side in the Geneva University Hospital, where he was airlifted, was Dr Jorge Pérez, today director of Cuba's Pedro Kourí Tropical Medicine Institute (IPK), but best known as "Cuba's AIDS doctor...
January 2015: MEDICC Review
Lauren Carruth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Global Public Health
Lasse Hebsgaard, Troels Munck Nielsen, Shengxian Tu, Lars Romer Krusell, Michael Maeng, Karsten Tange Veien, Bent Raungaard, Christian Juhl Terkelsen, Anne Kaltoft, Johan H C Reiber, Jens Flensted Lassen, Evald Høj Christiansen, Niels Ramsing Holm
BACKGROUND: Intracoronary imaging provides accurate lesion delineation and precise measurements for sizing and positioning of coronary stents. During percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), it may be challenging to identify corresponding segments between intracoronary imaging and angiography. Computer based online co-registration may aid the target segment identification. METHODS: The DOCTOR fusion study was a prospective, single arm, observational study including patients admitted for elective PCI...
March 1, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Joseph Jacob
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
Roger Evans
Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) - Doctors Without Borders - was set up in 1971 as a small unit of emergency doctors offering international relief missions in countries such as Cambodia, Nicaragua and the war-torn Nigerian province of Biafra.
November 5, 2014: Nursing Standard
Khun Eng Kuah-Pearce, Gilles Guiheux
Based on the case study of an Aids clinic operated in Nanning by MSF, this paper looks at how one international NGO, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF, or Doctors Without Borders), deals with the HIV-carrier patients in Nanning, the capital of Guangxi province in China. It explores the process of care-giving to the HIV patients by MSF employees (both foreign and local) and how the patients react to the 'care-receiving' provided by this foreign NGO. This is especially pertinent in China today as HIV-patients are the victims of discriminating policies and are still very much discriminated by the general population...
2014: Anthropology & Medicine
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