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Elvis A Akwo, Edmond K Kabagambe, Frank E Harrell, William J Blot, Justin M Bachmann, Thomas J Wang, Deepak K Gupta, Loren Lipworth
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that neighborhood socioeconomic environment predicts heart failure (HF) hospital readmissions. We investigated whether neighborhood deprivation predicts risk of incident HF beyond individual socioeconomic status in a low-income population. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants were 27 078 whites and blacks recruited during 2002 to 2009 in the SCCS (Southern Community Cohort Study), who had no history of HF and were using Centers for Medicare or Medicaid Services...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Tara A Fahmie, Kevin C Luczynski
Over the past decade, researchers have replicated and extended research on the preschool life skills (PLS) program developed by Hanley, Heal, Tiger, and Ingvarsson (2007). This review summarizes recent research with respect to maximizing skill acquisition, improving generality, evaluating feasibility and acceptability, and testing predictions of the initial PLS study. For each area, we suggest directions for future research.
January 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Wassim Shatila, Zvonimir Krajcer
Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is associated with worse outcomes compared to non CTO percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). CTO might be associated with vasomotor dysfunction Ticagrelor is a novel P2Y12 inhibitor that increases local adenosine The TIGER-BVS trial plans to assess the impact of using ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel on vasomotor activity and outcomes after successful CTO PCI.
January 1, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
D M P Valente, M M Zenker, J A Teston
Biodiversity knowledge on insects is urgently needed due to the ever growing demand for food and the consequent deforestation process and loss of natural habitats in many understudied tropical regions. In this paper, we describe the outcome of a biodiversity research on tiger moths performed for the first time in a poorly studied Amazonian landscape-the savanna. We sampled tiger moths monthly with UV automatic light traps for 12 consecutive months in two sampling points in an area of savanna in eastern Amazon, and we compared our results to previously available data for eastern Amazon...
January 6, 2018: Neotropical Entomology
Andrew C Cushing, Edward C Ramsay, James Steeil, Sherry Cox
A single 8 mg/kg dose of Cefovecin (Convenia®) was administered intramuscularly in the hindlimb of eight anesthetized captive tigers ( Panthera tigris) and serial blood samples were collected over the next 56 days to determine pharmacokinetic characteristics. High-performance liquid chromatography was utilized to determine plasma levels, and demonstrated a mean terminal half-life of 227.8 ± 29.3 hr. Cefovecin, >1 μg/ml, was detected in plasma levels up to 56 days postinjection. Protein binding of tiger plasma for cefovecin was 98%...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Kiira T Rodriguez, Andrew C Cushing, Carla Bernal, Ed C Ramsay, Linden E Craig, Rebecca E Gompf
Two tiger cubs (Panthera tigris) from the same litter were evaluated for suspected cardiac disease. Two cubs with a dilated cardiomyopathy phenotype were diagnosed with endocardial fibroelastosis based on necropsy and histopathologic examinations. Echocardiography revealed salient anatomic and functional aspects of this cardiac disorder. This is the first report of endocardial fibroelastosis in this species.
December 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Ε Badieritakis, D Papachristos, D Latinopoulos, Α Stefopoulou, Α Kolimenakis, K Bithas, Ε Patsoula, S Beleri, D Maselou, G Balatsos, Α Michaelakis
Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1895) (Diptera: Culicidae), commonly known as the Asian tiger mosquito, is an invasive mosquito species of public health significance, well established in many countries worldwide. In Greece, it was first recorded in Corfu and Thesprotia between 2003 and 2004. In the following years, further distribution and establishment of Ae. albopictus in Greece have been confirmed in many Regional Units of the country. In the current study, we report the invasion history of Ae. albopictus in Greece, until 2016...
December 23, 2017: Parasitology Research
Stéphanie Sherpa, Delphine Rioux, Charlotte Pougnet-Lagarde, Laurence Després
The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus, native to South-eastern Asia, is currently the most invasive mosquito in the world. The spatio-temporal dynamics of its expansion through the genetic characterization of invasive populations has been challenged so far by the limited number of genetic markers variable enough to infer the genetic structure in recently invaded areas. Here we applied the double-digest Restriction-site Associated DNA sequencing method (ddRADseq) to mosquitoes collected in two invaded areas, Reunion Island (12 localities) and Europe (18 localities)...
December 21, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
Clare H Scott Chialvo, Pablo Chialvo, Jeffrey D Holland, Timothy J Anderson, Jesse W Breinholt, Akito Y Kawahara, Xin Zhou, Shanlin Liu, Jennifer M Zaspel
Host species utilize a variety of defenses to deter feeding, including secondary chemicals. Some phytophagous insects have evolved tolerance to these chemical defenses, and can sequester secondary defense compounds for use against their own predators and parasitoids. While numerous studies have examined plant-insect interactions, little is known about lichen-insect interactions. Our study focused on reconstructing the evolution of lichen phenolic sequestration in the tiger moth tribe Lithosiini (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae), the most diverse lineage of lichen-feeding moths, with 3,000 described species...
December 20, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Stephanie N Gilbert Corder, Xinzhong Chen, Shaoqing Zhang, Fengrui Hu, Jiawei Zhang, Yilong Luan, Jack A Logan, Thomas Ciavatti, Hans A Bechtel, Michael C Martin, Meigan Aronson, Hiroyuki S Suzuki, Shin-Ichi Kimura, Takuya Iizuka, Zhe Fei, Keiichiro Imura, Noriaki K Sato, Tiger H Tao, Mengkun Liu
Broadband tunability is a central theme in contemporary nanophotonics and metamaterials research. Combining metamaterials with phase change media offers a promising approach to achieve such tunability, which requires a comprehensive investigation of the electromagnetic responses of novel materials at subwavelength scales. In this work, we demonstrate an innovative way to tailor band-selective electromagnetic responses at the surface of a heavy fermion compound, samarium sulfide (SmS). By utilizing the intrinsic, pressure sensitive, and multi-band electron responses of SmS, we create a proof-of-principle heavy fermion metamaterial, which is fabricated and characterized using scanning near-field microscopes with <50 nm spatial resolution...
December 22, 2017: Nature Communications
Lux Ratnamohan, Sarah Mares, Derrick Silove
OBJECTIVE: To build an account of how bereaved Tamil refugee and asylum seeker children, resettled in Australia, had processed the loss of their dead or missing fathers. METHOD: Phenomenological and discourse analysis was applied to attachment narratives of nine children (aged 11-17 years) and their surviving mothers in families that lost fathers in war-related circumstances. The narratives were analysed through the lens of Crittenden's Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) and Klass' cross-cultural model of grief...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Nursyirwani Nursyirwani, Widya Asmara, Agnesia Endang Tri Hastuti Wahyuni, Triyanto Triyanto, Muhammad Fauzi, Zainal Abidin Muchlisin
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been isolated successfully from the tiger grouper Epinephelusfuscoguttatus intestine. However, their genus or species have not been identified. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to characterize the three isolated LAB (KSBU-12C, KSBU-5Da, and KSBU-9) based on their phenotype and genotype. The LAB phenotype was examined by observing morphological features including cell morphology, spore production and motility. The physiological tests were performed in 6.5% NaCl at the  temperatures of 10 oC and 45 oC, and the biochemical tests were evaluated based on the production of enzymes catalase, oxidase and arginine dehydrolase, following  the Standard Analytical Profile Index, API 50 CH kit...
2017: F1000Research
Suthinee Soponpong, Piti Amparyup, Anchalee Tassanakajon
DEAD (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp)-box polypeptide 41 (DDX41), a receptor belonging to the DExD family, has recently been identified as an intracellular DNA sensor in vertebrates. Here, we report on the identification and functional characterization of PmDDX41, the first cytosolic DNA sensor in shrimp. By searching a Penaeus monodon expressed sequence tag (EST) database (, three cDNA fragments exhibiting similarity to DDX41 in various species were identified and assembled, resulting in a complete open reading frame of PmDDX41 that contains 1868-bp and encodes a putative protein of 620 amino acids...
December 14, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Wei Liu, Chao Zhao, Pengfei Wang, Shu Wang, Heizhao Lin, Lihua Qiu
Glutathione peroxidase (GPx) is part of the enzymatic antioxidant system that can eliminate the peroxides produced as effect of reactions of molecules with reactive oxygen species (ROS). We cloned two different GPx genes from Penaeus monodon (black tiger shrimp). Bioinformatics sequence analysis showed that PmGPx1 and PmGPx7 encoded polypeptides of 207 and 208 amino acids, respectively. PmGPx1 has a selenocysteine residue that is encoded by an opal codon 187TGA189. The PmGPx1 and PmGPx7 expression profiles were detected in the gills and hepatopancreas of the shrimps under osmotic stress, heavy metal exposure and bacterial infection, and the results suggested that PmGPx1 and PmGPx7 are involved in the responses to these stimuli...
December 12, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Vladimir V Dubatolov
Two new species, Pericaliella popoudinae Dubatolov, sp. nov. from Rwanda, and Monstruncusarctia anikini Dubatolov, sp. nov. from Uganda are described in comparison with related species, Pericaliella melanodisca (Hampson, 1907) from Uganda, and Monstruncusarctia aurantiaca (Holland, 1893) from Gabon and West Africa. Habitus and male genitalia are illustrated.
November 24, 2017: Zootaxa
Isik Unlu, Gregory M Williams, Ilia Rochlin, Devi Suman, Yi Wang, Kshitij Chandel, Randy Gaugler
Mosquito control programs in the United States are still searching for best management practices to control the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus (Skuse; Diptera: Culicidae). Most intervention methods for this species are either labor intensive (e.g., source reduction) or short-term (e.g., ultra-low-volume adulticiding). We investigated the effectiveness of barrier spray pesticide applications within urban and suburban residential yards in New Jersey as a control strategy using a before-after-control-impact (BACI) approach...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
Ewen Callaway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Nature
Panayiota Kotsakiozi, Joshua B Richardson, Verena Pichler, Guido Favia, Ademir J Martins, Sandra Urbanelli, Peter A Armbruster, Adalgisa Caccone
Aedes albopictus, the "Asian tiger mosquito," is an aggressive biting mosquito native to Asia that has colonized all continents except Antarctica during the last ~30-40 years. The species is of great public health concern as it can transmit at least 26 arboviruses, including dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. In this study, using double-digest Restriction site-Associated DNA (ddRAD) sequencing, we developed a panel of ~58,000 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) based on 20 worldwide Ae. albopictus populations representing both the invasive and the native range...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Charles Y Feigin, Axel H Newton, Liliya Doronina, Jürgen Schmitz, Christy A Hipsley, Kieren J Mitchell, Graham Gower, Bastien Llamas, Julien Soubrier, Thomas N Heider, Brandon R Menzies, Alan Cooper, Rachel J O'Neill, Andrew J Pask
The Tasmanian tiger or thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus) was the largest carnivorous Australian marsupial to survive into the modern era. Despite last sharing a common ancestor with the eutherian canids ~160 million years ago, their phenotypic resemblance is considered the most striking example of convergent evolution in mammals. The last known thylacine died in captivity in 1936 and many aspects of the evolutionary history of this unique marsupial apex predator remain unknown. Here we have sequenced the genome of a preserved thylacine pouch young specimen to clarify the phylogenetic position of the thylacine within the carnivorous marsupials, reconstruct its historical demography and examine the genetic basis of its convergence with canids...
January 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
Sionne E M Lucas, Tiger Zhou, Nicholas B Blackburn, Richard A Mills, Jonathan Ellis, Paul Leo, Emmanuelle Souzeau, Bronwyn Ridge, Jac C Charlesworth, Matthew A Brown, Richard Lindsay, Jamie E Craig, Kathryn P Burdon
Purpose: The Zinc Finger Protein 469 (ZNF469) gene has been proposed as a candidate gene for keratoconus due to the association of an upstream polymorphism (rs9938149) with the disease in two independent studies, and the role of the gene in the autosomal recessive disease Brittle Cornea Syndrome. Coding variants in ZNF469 have been assessed for association with keratoconus in several small studies, with conflicting results. We assessed rare, potentially pathogenic variants in ZNF469 for enrichment in keratoconus patients in a cohort larger than all previous studies combined...
December 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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