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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431013/dna-double-strand-break-repair-in-penaeus-monodon-is-predominantly-dependent-on-homologous-recombination
#1
Shikha Srivastava, Sumedha Dahal, Sharanya J Naidu, Deepika Anand, Vidya Gopalakrishnan, Rajendran Kooloth Valappil, Sathees C Raghavan
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are mostly repaired by nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR) in higher eukaryotes. In contrast, HR-mediated DSB repair is the major double-strand break repair pathway in lower order organisms such as bacteria and yeast. Penaeus monodon, commonly known as black tiger shrimp, is one of the economically important crustaceans facing large-scale mortality due to exposure to infectious diseases. The animals can also get exposed to chemical mutagens under the culture conditions as well as in wild...
April 1, 2017: DNA Research: An International Journal for Rapid Publication of Reports on Genes and Genomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425959/the-cost-of-arbovirus-disease-prevention-in-europe-area-wide-integrated-control-of-tiger-mosquito-aedes-albopictus-in-emilia-romagna-northern-italy
#2
Massimo Canali, Stefano Rivas-Morales, Philippe Beutels, Claudio Venturelli
Aedes albopictus (tiger mosquito) has become the most invasive mosquito species worldwide, in addition to being a well-known vector of diseases, with a proven capacity for the transmission of chikungunya and dengue viruses in Europe as well as the Zika virus in Africa and in laboratory settings. This research quantifies the cost that needs to be provided by public-health systems for area-wide prevention of arboviruses in Europe. This cost has been calculated by evaluating the expenditure of the plan for Aedes albopictus control set up in the Emilia-Romagna region (Northern Italy) after a chikungunya outbreak occurred in 2007...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420377/the-association-between-child-maltreatment-and-emotional-cognitive-and-physical-health-functioning-in-vietnam
#3
Nhu K Tran, Sheila R Van Berkel, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Lenneke R A Alink
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of research on correlates of child maltreatment in limited-resource countries with a relatively high tolerance of harsh discipline. This Vietnamese study aimed to investigate associations between different types of child maltreatment and child emotional, cognitive, and physical health functioning as well as moderation effects of gender and ethnicity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 1851 randomly selected students aged 12-17 years...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418930/the-innate-immunity-of-guinea-pigs-against-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-virus-infection
#4
Kun Zhang, Wei Wei Xu, Zhaowei Zhang, Jing Liu, Jing Li, Lijuan Sun, Weiyang Sun, Peirong Jiao, Xiaoyu Sang, Zhiguang Ren, Zhijun Yu, Yuanguo Li, Na Feng, Tiecheng Wang, Hualei Wang, Songtao Yang, Yongkun Zhao, Xuemei Zhang, Peter R Wilker, WenJun Liu, Ming Liao, Hualan Chen, Yuwei Gao, Xianzhu Xia
H5N1 avian influenza viruses are a major pandemic concern. In contrast to the highly virulent phenotype of H5N1 in humans and many animal models, guinea pigs do not typically display signs of severe disease in response to H5N1 virus infection. Here, proteomic and transcriptional profiling were applied to identify host factors that account for the observed attenuation of A/Tiger/Harbin/01/2002 (H5N1) virulence in guinea pigs. RIG-I and numerous interferon stimulated genes were among host proteins with altered expression in guinea pig lungs during H5N1 infection...
March 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416387/differential-regulation-of-the-lipoxygenase-pathway-in-shrimp-hepatopancreases-and-ovaries-during-ovarian-development-in-the-black-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-monodon
#5
Wananit Wimuttisuk, Punsa Tobwor, Pacharawan Deenarn, Chakapong Intaraudom, Thapanee Pruksatrakul, Sutichai Nithithanasilp, Somjai Wongtripop, Suwanchai Phomklad, Panomkorn Chaithongsakul, Vanicha Vichai
Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are critical to the success of ovarian development in marine crustaceans, especially for domesticated species such as the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon. These fatty acids are stored in a midgut gland called the hepatopancreas and subsequently serve as an energy source or are incorporated in yolk during ovarian development. PUFAs are known precursors of hydroxy fatty acids, including hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and hydroxyeicosapentaenoic acid (HEPE), which are catalyzed by lipoxygenases (LOX)...
April 14, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414723/prevalence-and-determinants-of-stereotypic-behaviours-and-physiological-stress-among-tigers-and-leopards-in-indian-zoos
#6
Janice Vaz, Edward J Narayan, R Dileep Kumar, K Thenmozhi, Krishnamoorthy Thiyagesan, Nagarajan Baskaran
India's charismatic wildlife species are facing immense pressure from anthropogenic-induced environmental perturbations. Zoos play a major role in the conservation of threatened species, but their adaptation in captivity is posing a major challenge globally. Stress from inadequate adaptation could lead to suppression of cognitive functioning and increased display of stereotypic behaviour. It is thus necessary to measure biological traits like behaviour, stress physiology, and contextual factors driving the animals maintained at zoos...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410388/tiger-on-the-prowl-invasion-history-and-spatio-temporal-genetic-structure-of-the-asian-tiger-mosquito-aedes-albopictus-skuse-1894-in-the-indo-pacific
#7
Andrew J Maynard, Luke Ambrose, Robert D Cooper, Weng K Chow, Joseph B Davis, Mutizwa O Muzari, Andrew F van den Hurk, Sonja Hall-Mendelin, Jeomhee M Hasty, Thomas R Burkot, Michael J Bangs, Lisa J Reimer, Charles Butafa, Neil F Lobo, Din Syafruddin, Yan Naung Maung Maung, Rohani Ahmad, Nigel W Beebe
BACKGROUND: Within the last century, increases in human movement and globalization of trade have facilitated the establishment of several highly invasive mosquito species in new geographic locations with concurrent major environmental, economic and health consequences. The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, is an extremely invasive and aggressive daytime-biting mosquito that is a major public health threat throughout its expanding range. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used 13 nuclear microsatellite loci (on 911 individuals) and mitochondrial COI sequences to gain a better understanding of the historical and contemporary movements of Ae...
April 14, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403189/rapid-forest-clearing-in-a-myanmar-proposed-national-park-threatens-two-newly-discovered-species-of-geckos-gekkonidae-cyrtodactylus
#8
Grant M Connette, Patrick Oswald, Myint Kyaw Thura, Katherine J LaJeunesse Connette, Mark E Grindley, Melissa Songer, George R Zug, Daniel G Mulcahy
Myanmar's recent transition from military rule towards a more democratic government has largely ended decades of political and economic isolation. Although Myanmar remains heavily forested, increased development in recent years has been accompanied by exceptionally high rates of forest loss. In this study, we document the rapid progression of deforestation in and around the proposed Lenya National Park, which includes some of the largest remaining areas of lowland evergreen rainforest in mainland Southeast Asia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400214/characterization-of-pmsp%C3%B3-tzle-1-from-the-black-tiger-shrimp-peneaus-monodon
#9
Sittichai Boonrawd, Ravi Mani, Sirikwan Ponprateep, Premruethai Supungul, Promsin Masrinoul, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Vichien Rimphanitchayakit
Spätzle is a signaling ligand in innate immune response that signals pathogenic infection via Toll receptor and Toll pathway into the cells for the synthesis of antimicrobial proteins. Herein, three PmSpӓtzle isoforms were identified in Penaeus monodon, namely PmSpz1, 2 and 3. The PmSpz1 was chosen for detailed study. The PmSpz1 gene was expressed in all nine tissues tested including the hemocytes, stomach, hepatopancreas, gill, lymphoid tissue, eyestalk, muscle, intestine and heart. Its expression was up-regulated upon white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) infection...
April 8, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399270/detection-and-establishment-of-aedes-aegypti-and-aedes-albopictus-diptera-culicidae-mosquitoes-in-california-2011-2015
#10
Marco E Metzger, Melissa Hardstone Yoshimizu, Kerry A Padgett, Renjie Hu, Vicki L Kramer
In 2011, a thriving population of Aedes albopictus (Skuse), the Asian tiger mosquito, was discovered within three cities in Los Angeles County over an estimated 52-km2 urban area. Two years later in 2013, Aedes aegypti (L.), the yellow fever mosquito, was detected within several urban areas of Madera, Fresno, and San Mateo counties. State and local vector control agencies responded with an aggressive effort to eradicate or interrupt the spread of these two invasive mosquitoes; however, known populations continued to expand outward and new infestations were identified at an accelerated pace in central and southern California...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396211/cold-tolerance-of-the-asian-tiger-mosquito-aedes-albopictus-and-its-response-to-epigenetic-alterations
#11
Aljoscha Kreß, Ann-Marie Oppold, Ulrich Kuch, Jörg Oehlmann, Ruth Müller
Phenotypic plasticity is considered as one of the key traits responsible for the establishment of populations of the invasive mosquito Aedes albopictus, an important vector of viral and parasitic pathogens. The successful spread of this species to higher altitudes and latitudes may be explained by its ability to rapidly induce a heritable low-temperature phenotype (cold hardiness in eggs). As a result of the low genetic diversity of founder populations, an epigenetic short-term mechanism has been suggested as the driver of this diversification...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395668/delayed-rhabdomyolysis-with-paclitaxel-ifosfamide-carboplatin-and-etoposide-regimen-a-case-report
#12
Alexandra Sokolova, Onyee Chan, Waqas Ullah, Auon Abbas Hamdani, Faiz Anwer
BACKGROUND: High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell rescue is commonly used for the treatment of relapsed germ cell tumors. We report the first case of delayed rhabdomyolysis with paclitaxel, ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide regimen. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 21-year-old African-American man diagnosed with relapsed non-seminomatous germ cell tumor who received high-dose chemotherapy with carboplatin and etoposide following TIGER trial arm B off-protocol...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387333/elemental-classification-of-the-tusks-of-dugong-dugong-dugong-by-hh-xrf-analysis-and-comparison-with-other-species
#13
Korakot Nganvongpanit, Kittisak Buddhachat, Promporn Piboon, Thippaporn Euppayo, Patcharaporn Kaewmong, Phaothep Cherdsukjai, Kongkiat Kittiwatanawong, Chatchote Thitaram
The elemental composition was investigated and applied for identifying the sex and habitat of dugongs, in addition to distinguishing dugong tusks and teeth from other animal wildlife materials such as Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) tusks and tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) canine teeth. A total of 43 dugong tusks, 60 dugong teeth, 40 dolphin teeth, 1 whale tooth, 40 Asian elephant tusks and 20 tiger canine teeth were included in the study. Elemental analyses were conducted using a handheld X-ray fluorescence analyzer (HH-XRF)...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386528/de-novo-transcriptome-assembly-and-its-annotation-for-the-aposematic-wood-tiger-moth-parasemia-plantaginis
#14
Juan A Galarza, Kishor Dhaygude, Johanna Mappes
In this paper we report the public availability of transcriptome resources for the aposematic wood tiger moth (Parasemia plantaginis). A comprehensive assembly methods, quality statistics, and annotation are provided. This reference transcriptome may serve as a useful resource for investigating functional gene activity in aposematic Lepidopteran species. All data is freely available at the European Nucleotide Archive (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena) under study accession number: PRJEB14172.
June 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379997/wild-versus-domestic-prey-in-the-diet-of-reintroduced-tigers-panthera-tigris-in-the-livestock-dominated-multiple-use-forests-of-panna-tiger-reserve-india
#15
S S Kolipaka, W L M Tamis, M van 't Zelfde, G A Persoon, H H de Iongh
Grazing livestock in openly accessible areas is a common practice in the multiple-use forests of India; however, its compatibility with the reintroduction of tigers to these areas requires examination. Here, we investigated the diet of tigers in a livestock-dominated multiple-use buffer zone of the Panna Tiger Reserve, India. We hypothesised that the presence of feral cattle, along with open-access grazing practices in multiple-use forests, would increase the incidence of predation on livestock by tigers, even when wild prey are available...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377219/first-record-of-aedes-albopictus-skuse-1894-on-s%C3%A3-o-tom%C3%A3-island
#16
Sandra Reis, Anthony J Cornel, Martim Melo, Hugo Pereira, Claire Loiseau
Biological invasions have critical impacts on native biodiversity and human societies and especially on oceanic islands that are fragile and threatened ecosystems. The invasive tiger mosquito Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1894) native to Southeast Asia has been introduced during the past 30 years almost everywhere in the world, including the Americas, the Pacific, Europe and Africa. It has been reported for the first time in the Gulf of Guinea in 2000, first in Cameroon, then in Bioko Island in 2003 and more recently in Gabon in 2007...
April 1, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365733/mirnalyze-an-interactive-database-linking-tool-to-unlock-intuitive-microrna-regulation-of-cell-signaling-pathways
#17
Sankha Subhra Das, Mithun James, Sandip Paul, Nishant Chakravorty
The various pathophysiological processes occurring in living systems are known to be orchestrated by delicate interplays and cross-talks between different genes and their regulators. Among the various regulators of genes, there is a class of small non-coding RNA molecules known as microRNAs. Although, the relative simplicity of miRNAs and their ability to modulate cellular processes make them attractive therapeutic candidates, their presence in large numbers make it challenging for experimental researchers to interpret the intricacies of the molecular processes they regulate...
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365386/antibacterial-function-of-herbal-extracts-on-growth-survival-and-immunoprotection-in-the-black-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-monodon
#18
Sheikh AftabUddin, Mohammad Abdul Momin Siddique, Shaharin Salma Romkey, William L Shelton
This study examined the effects of an herbal extract composed of nine herbs i.e Aloe vera, Andrographis pariculata, Annona squamosa, Azadirachta indica, Citrus aurantifolia, Coriandrum sativum, Ocimum sanctum, Ollium cepa and Psidium guajava on growth, survival rate and immunoprotection against pathogenic Vibrio harveyi in the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon. The petroleum ether, methanol and N-hexen extracts of different herbal plants were selected, processed and thoroughly mixed in equal proportions and added to the shrimp diets at a concentration of 1...
March 29, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363980/a-presynaptic-group-iii-mglur-recruits-g%C3%AE-%C3%AE-snare-interactions-to-inhibit-synaptic-transmission-by-cone-photoreceptors-in-the-vertebrate-retina
#19
Matthew J Van Hook, Norbert Babai, Zack Zurawski, Yun Young Yim, Heidi E Hamm, Wallace B Thoreson
G-protein βγ subunits (Gβγ) interact with presynaptic proteins and regulate neurotransmitter release downstream of Ca(2+) influx. To accomplish their roles in sensory signaling, photoreceptor synapses employ specialized presynaptic proteins that support neurotransmission at active zone structures known as ribbons. While several G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) influence synaptic transmission at ribbon synapses of cones and other retinal neurons, it is unknown whether Gβγ contributes to these effects...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353139/bioaccumulation-of-heavy-metals-in-various-tissues-of-some-fish-species-and-green-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-semisulcatus-from-%C3%A4-skenderun-bay-turkey-and-risk-assessment-for-human-health
#20
Gokce Kaya, Semra Turkoglu
In this study, concentrations of heavy metals were determined by ICP-MS in the edible tissues of common sole (Solea solea Linnaeus, 1758), whiting (Merlangius merlangus Linnaeus, 1758), silver sillago (Sillago sihama Forsskål, 1775) and muscle-exoskeleton of green tiger shrimp (Penaeus semisulcatus De Haan, 1844), from the seas of İskenderun Bay, Eastern Mediterranean, Turkey, in January-February, 2016. The lowest and highest mean concentrations of Mn, Cr, Cd, Ni, Hg, As, Pb, and Co in fish and shrimp' muscles were found, respectively, as follows: 0...
March 28, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
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