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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100937/why-the-resistance-minimally-invasive-pancreaticoduodenectomy-saving-the-patient-from-tigers
#1
EDITORIAL
Brij B Agarwal, Chintamani, Neeraj Dhamija, Shruti Sharma, Sneh Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099446/reconstruction-of-the-cortical-maps-of-the-tasmanian-tiger-and-comparison-to-the-tasmanian-devil
#2
Gregory S Berns, Ken W S Ashwell
The last known Tasmanian tiger (Thylacinus cynocephalus)-aka the thylacine-died in 1936. Because its natural behavior was never scientifically documented, we are left to infer aspects of its behavior from museum specimens and historical recollections of bushmen. Recent advances in brain imaging have made it possible to scan postmortem specimens of a wide range of animals, even more than a decade old. Any thylacine brain, however, would be more than 100 years old. Here, we show that it is possible to reconstruct white matter tracts in two thylacine brains...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095667/sequence-analysis-of-mitochondrial-genome-of-toxascaris-leonina-from-a-south-china-tiger
#3
Kangxin Li, Fang Yang, A Y Abdullahi, Meiran Song, Xianli Shi, Minwei Wang, Yeqi Fu, Weida Pan, Fang Shan, Wu Chen, Guoqing Li
Toxascaris leonina is a common parasitic nematode of wild mammals and has significant impacts on the protection of rare wild animals. To analyze population genetic characteristics of T. leonina from South China tiger, its mitochondrial (mt) genome was sequenced. Its complete circular mt genome was 14,277 bp in length, including 12 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes, and 2 non-coding regions. The nucleotide composition was biased toward A and T. The most common start codon and stop codon were TTG and TAG, and 4 genes ended with an incomplete stop codon...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095405/defining-the-risk-of-zika-and-chikungunya-virus-transmission-in-human-population-centers-of-the-eastern-united-states
#4
Carrie A Manore, Richard S Ostfeld, Folashade B Agusto, Holly Gaff, Shannon L LaDeau
The recent spread of mosquito-transmitted viruses and associated disease to the Americas motivates a new, data-driven evaluation of risk in temperate population centers. Temperate regions are generally expected to pose low risk for significant mosquito-borne disease; however, the spread of the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) across densely populated urban areas has established a new landscape of risk. We use a model informed by field data to assess the conditions likely to facilitate local transmission of chikungunya and Zika viruses from an infected traveler to Ae...
January 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092905/endocranial-morphology-of-the-extinct-north-american-lion-panthera-atrox
#5
Andrew R Cuff, Christopher Stockey, Anjali Goswami
The extinct North American lion (Panthera atrox) is one of the largest felids (Mammalia, Carnivora) to have ever lived, and it is known from a plethora of incredibly well-preserved remains. Despite this abundance of material, there has been little research into its endocranial anatomy. CT scans of a skull of P. atrox from the Pleistocene La Brea Tar pits were used to generate the first virtual endocranium for this species and to elucidate previously unknown details of its brain size and gross structure, cranial nerves, and inner-ear morphology...
January 17, 2017: Brain, Behavior and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089896/characterization-and-expression-analysis-of-a-chitinase-gene-pmchi-4-from-black-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-monodon-under-pathogen-infection-and-ambient-ammonia-nitrogen-stress
#6
Kaimin Zhou, Falin Zhou, Jianhua Huang, Qibin Yang, Song Jiang, Lihua Qiu, Lishi Yang, Caiyan Zhu, Shigui Jiang
Chitinase is a multi-gene family, which play important physiological roles in crustaceans, involved in several biological processes, including digestion, molting and defense against viruses. In the present study, a chitinase-4 gene (PmChi-4) was cloned from Penaeus monodon by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The full length of PmChi-4 cDNA was 2178 bp, including an 1815 bp open reading frame (ORF) which encoded 604 amino acid residues. The predicted PmChi-4 protein was 67.7 kDa and shared 61%-88% identity with the type of Chi-4s from other crustaceans...
January 9, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080149/positive-preferences-the-emotional-valence-of-what-an-avatar-says-matters
#7
Jennifer Wu, Philipp Kraemer
This study examined preferences and ascriptions of human control for avatars associated with positive and negative language. An avatar is a graphical representation of an individual user in a virtual world. Users form judgments of other virtual world users based on the appearance and behavior of their avatars in the absence of physical cues. In particular, users have previously displayed sensitivity toward anthropomorphism and verbal behavior of avatars they encounter within virtual environments. Thus far, investigations of language in online and virtual spaces have been limited to specific contexts...
January 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073927/new-insights-into-the-genetics-of-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-based-on-meta-analyses-of-intraocular-pressure-and-optic-disc-characteristics
#8
Henriët Springelkamp, Adriana I Iglesias, Aniket Mishra, René Höhn, Robert Wojciechowski, Anthony P Khawaja, Abhishek Nag, Ya Xing Wang, Jie Jin Wang, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Jane Gibson, Jessica N Cooke Bailey, Eranga N Vithana, Puya Gharahkhani, Thibaud Boutin, Wishal D Ramdas, Tanja Zeller, Robert N Luben, Ekaterina Yonova-Doing, Ananth C Viswanathan, Seyhan Yazar, Angela J Cree, Jonathan L Haines, Jia Yu Koh, Emmanuelle Souzeau, James F Wilson, Najaf Amin, Christian Müller, Cristina Venturini, Lisa S Kearns, Jae Hee Kang, Neighborhood Consortium, Yih Chung Tham, Tiger Zhou, Elisabeth M van Leeuwen, Stefan Nickels, Paul Sanfilippo, Jiemin Liao, Herma van der Linde, Wanting Zhao, Leonieke M E van Koolwijk, Li Zheng, Fernando Rivadeneira, Mani Baskaran, Sven J van der Lee, Shamira Perera, Paulus T V M de Jong, Ben A Oostra, André G Uitterlinden, Qiao Fan, Albert Hofman, E- Shyong Tai, Johannes R Vingerling, Xueling Sim, Roger C W Wolfs, Yik Ying Teo, Hans G Lemij, Chiea Chuen Khor, Rob Willemsen, Karl J Lackner, Tin Aung, Nomdo M Jansonius, Grant Montgomery, Philipp S Wild, Terri L Young, Kathryn P Burdon, Pirro G Hysi, Louis R Pasquale, Tien Yin Wong, Caroline C W Klaver, Alex W Hewitt, Jost B Jonas, Paul Mitchell, Andrew J Lotery, Paul J Foster, Veronique Vitart, Norbert Pfeiffer, Jamie E Craig, David A Mackey, Christopher J Hammond, Janey L Wiggs, Ching-Yu Cheng, Cornelia M van Duijn, Stuart MacGregor
Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), the most common optic neuropathy, is a heritable disease. Siblings of POAG cases have a ten-fold increase risk of developing the disease. Intraocular pressure (IOP) and optic nerve head characteristics are used clinically to predict POAG risk. We conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of IOP and optic disc parameters and validated our findings in multiple sets of POAG cases and controls. Using imputation to the 1000 genomes (1000G) reference set, we identified 9 new genomic regions associated with vertical cup disc ratio (VCDR) and 1 new region associated with IOP...
January 10, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070311/optimization-of-production-and-quality-evaluation-of-maize-based-snack-supplemented-with-soybean-and-tiger-nut-cyperus-esculenta-flour
#9
Olugbenga O Awolu, Olufunmilayo S Omoba, Olumide Olawoye, Modupe Dairo
Optimization of the production and evaluation of the quality of maize-based snack supplemented with soy and tigernut flour was carried out. Experimental design for the composite flour was carried out using optimal design model of response surface methodology. The variables were toasted maize flour (75-85%), soy flour (10-20%), and tigernut flour (5-10%); while the responses were proximate composition and mineral contents. Three blends were selected from optimization results; runs 2, 7, and 11. The functional properties, pasting properties, antioxidant, antinutritional, and amino acid profile of the three blends were evaluated...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067941/preliminary-considerations-about-the-presence-of-aedes-albopictus-skuse-1897-diptera-culicidae-during-winter-in-the-northwestern-italy
#10
M Dutto, A Mosca
Aedes albopictus, the Asian tiger mosquito, was unintentionally introduced in Italy at the beginning of the 1990s. In few decades it spread almost in the whole Country. In Piedmont, the first report dates back to 1994. Usually, temperate populations are affected by seasonal temperature and photoperiodicity and can overwinter by producing eggs that undergo a winter diapause. In Rome females of the species extended their trophic activity to the coldest months of the year, but there is no notice about a similar behaviour for northern areas of the Country...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067384/nanocaged-platforms-modification-drug-delivery-and-nanotoxicity-opening-synthetic-cages-to-release-the-tiger
#11
REVIEW
Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Mahdi Karimi, Fatemeh Mehdizadeh, Hedieh Malekzad, Alireza Ghasemi, Sajad Bahrami, Hossein Zare, Mohsen Moghoofei, Amin Hekmatmanesh, Michael R Hamblin
Nanocages (NCs) have emerged as a new class of drug-carriers, with a wide range of possibilities in multi-modality medical treatments and theranostics. Nanocages can overcome such limitations as high toxicity caused by anti-cancer chemotherapy or by the nanocarrier itself, due to their unique characteristics. These properties consist of: (1) a high loading-capacity (spacious interior); (2) a porous structure (analogous to openings between the bars of the cage); (3) enabling smart release (a key to unlock the cage); and (4) a low likelihood of unfavorable immune responses (the outside of the cage is safe)...
January 9, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056950/laboratory-cohabitation-challenge-model-for-shrimp-hepatopancreatic-microsporidiosis-hpm-caused-by-enterocytozoon-hepatopenaei-ehp
#12
Paul Vinu Salachan, Pattana Jaroenlak, Siripong Thitamadee, Ornchuma Itsathitphaisarn, Kallaya Sritunyalucksana
BACKGROUND: Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) causes hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis (HPM) in shrimp. It is probably endemic in Australasia and was first characterized and named from the giant or black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon from Thailand in 2009. Later, it was also found to infect exotic Penaeus vannamei imported for cultivation in Asia. HPM is not normally associated with shrimp mortality, but information from shrimp farmers indicates that it is associated with significant growth retardation that is not clearly noticeable until 2-3 months of cultivation...
January 5, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051146/impacts-of-canine-distemper-virus-infection-on-the-giant-panda-population-from-the-perspective-of-gut-microbiota
#13
Na Zhao, Meng Li, Jing Luo, Supen Wang, Shelan Liu, Shan Wang, Wenting Lyu, Lin Chen, Wen Su, Hua Ding, Hongxuan He
The recent increase in infectious disease outbreaks has been directly linked to the global loss of biodiversity and the decline of some endangered species populations. Between December 2014 and March 2015, five captive giant pandas died due to canine distemper virus (CDV) infection in China. CDV has taken a heavy toll on tigers and lions in recent years. Here, we describe the first gut microbiome diversity study of CDV-infected pandas. By investigating the influence of CDV infection on gut bacterial communities in infected and uninfected individuals and throughout the course of infection, we found that CDV infection distorted the gut microbiota composition by reducing the prevalence of the dominant genera, Escherichia and Clostridium, and increasing microbial diversity...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036307/an-overview-of-mosquitoes-and-emerging-arboviral-infections-in-the-zagreb-area-croatia
#14
Ana Klobucar, Nikola Benic, Darko Krajcar, Mirjana Lana Kosanovic-Licina, Vanja Tesic, Enrih Merdic, Ivana Vrucina, Vladimir Savic, Ljubo Barbic, Vladimir Stevanovic, Iva Pem-Novosel, Tatjana Vilibic-Cavlek
Mosquito control in the Zagreb area has been conducted for many years, whereas the fauna has only been investigated in the last 20 years. So far 30 mosquito species have been detected in the city area. Culex pipiens form molestus is the dominant mosquito species in indoor breeding sites. In forested areas and areas exposed to flooding, the active period is early spring and the dominant species are Ochlerotatus sticticus, Ochlerotatus cantans, Ochlerotatus geniculatus and Aedes vexans. The eudominant mosquito species found in the artificial breeding sites are Culex pipiens and the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034638/free-breathing-whole-heart-3d-cine-mri-with-self-gated-cartesian-trajectory
#15
M Usman, B Ruijsink, M S Nazir, G Cruz, C Prieto
PURPOSE: To present a method that uses a novel free-running self-gated acquisition to achieve isotropic resolution in whole heart 3D Cartesian cardiac CINE MRI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 3D cardiac CINE MRI using navigator gating results in long acquisition times. Recently, several frameworks based on self-gated non-Cartesian trajectories have been proposed to accelerate this acquisition. However, non-Cartesian reconstructions are computationally expensive due to gridding, particularly in 3D...
December 26, 2016: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033379/targeting-a-hidden-enemy-pyriproxyfen-autodissemination-strategy-for-the-control-of-the-container-mosquito-aedes-albopictus-in-cryptic-habitats
#16
Kshitij Chandel, Devi Shankar Suman, Yi Wang, Isik Unlu, Eric Williges, Gregory M Williams, Randy Gaugler
BACKGROUND: The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, is a vector of dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika viruses. This mosquito inhabits a wide range of artificial water-holding containers in urban and suburban areas making it difficult to control. We tested the hypothesis that female-driven autodissemination of an insect growth regulator could penetrate cryptic oviposition habitats difficult to treat with conventional insecticidal sprays. METHODOLOGY: Oviposition preferences of Ae...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029557/period-for-normalization-of-voice-acoustic-parameters-in-indian-pediatric-cochlear-implantees
#17
Jeena V Joy, Shweta Deshpande, Dr Neelam Vaid
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the duration required by children with cochlear implants to approximate the norms of voice acoustic parameters. STUDY DESIGN: The study design is retrospective. METHODS: Thirty children with cochlear implants (chronological ages ranging between 4.1 and 6.7 years) were divided into three groups, based on the postimplantation duration. Ten normal-hearing children (chronological ages ranging between 4 and 7 years) were selected as the control group...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028629/histologic-parameters-for-detecting-multiple-blood-meals-in-aedes-albopictus-skuse-diptera-culicidae-during-a-single-gonotrophic-cycle
#18
Abeer S Yamany, Fatma K Adham, Heinz Mehlhorn
The histologic technique was used for its usefulness in detecting multiple blood feedings in Aedes albopictus during a single gonotrophic cycle. In a laboratory study, in which 200 blood-engorged Ae. albopictus mosquito females during a 3-day period were examined, 69% (138/200) of these females imbibed two blood meals when the interval between meals was from 8 to 48 h and the time between the second blood meal and fixation ranged from 0 to 32 h. At the interval outside this range, only 23% of the multiple meals were detected when using histologic parameters...
December 27, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027988/the-immune-response-of-the-c-jun-in-the-black-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-monodon-after-bacterial-infection
#19
Gongfang Shi, Chao Zhao, Mingjun Fu, Lihua Qiu
The transcription factor C-Jun widely exists in vertebrates and invertebrates and plays an important role in various kinds of stimulus response. In this study, PmC-jun gene was first cloned from Penaeus monodon. The full-length cDNA of PmC-jun was 1857 bp in length and included an 879 bp open reading frame (ORF), which encoded 293 amino acids. qRT-PCR analysis results showed that PmC-jun mRNAs were ubiquitously expressed in all the examined tissues. The highest expression level was observed in gill, followed by hepatopancreas...
December 24, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992657/protection-of-penaeus-monodon-against-white-spot-syndrome-by-continuous-oral-administration-of-a-low-concentration-of-bacillus-subtilis%C3%A2-spores-expressing-the-vp28-antigen
#20
Kien-Cuong Pham, Hoa Thi Tuyet Tran, Cuong Van Doan, Phuoc Hong Le, Anh Thi Van Nguyen, Hoa Anh Nguyen, Huynh Anh Hong, Simon M Cutting, Tuan-Nghia Phan
In this study, Bacillus subtilis spores expressing a chimeric protein, CotB-VP28, was used as a probiotic vaccine to protect black tiger shrimps (Penaeus monodon) against White Spot Syndrome virus (WSSV) infection. Oral administration of pellets coated with CotB-VP28 spores (at >1 x 10(9) cfu g(-1) pellet) to shrimps induced immune-relating phenoloxydase activity (PO) in shrimps after 14 days of feeding (prior challenge) and at day 3 post challenge (1.26 and 1.70 fold increase, respectively). A 75% protection rate was obtained by continuous feeding of the spore coated pellets at >1 x 10(9) cfu g(-1) for 14 days prior to WSSV challenge and during all the post-challenge period...
December 19, 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
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