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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545111/northern-range-expansion-of-the-asian-tiger-mosquito-aedes-albopictus-analysis-of-mosquito-data-from-connecticut-usa
#1
Philip M Armstrong, Theodore G Andreadis, John J Shepard, Michael C Thomas
BACKGROUND: The Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) is an invasive species and important arbovirus vector that was introduced into the U.S. in the 1980's where it continues to expand its range. Winter temperature is an important constraint to its northward expansion, with potential range limits located between the 0° and -5°C mean cold month isotherm. Connecticut is located within this climatic zone and therefore, Ae. albopictus was monitored statewide to assess its northern range expansion and to delineate where populations can stably persist...
May 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542897/osteoarthritis-in-two-marine-mammals-and-22-land-mammals-learning-from-skeletal-remains
#2
Korakot Nganvongpanit, Ratsadakorn Soponteerakul, Piyatida Kaewkumpai, Veerasak Punyapornwithaya, Kittisak Buddhachat, Raksiri Nomsiri, Patcharaporn Kaewmong, Kongkiat Kittiwatanawong, Rachanchai Chawangwongsanukun, Taweepoke Angkawanish, Chatchote Thitaram, Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh
The occurrence of osteoarthritis (OA) in marine mammals is still questionable. Here we investigated the prevalence of OA in marine (dolphin and dugong) and terrestrial mammals (Asian elephant, Asiatic buffalo, camel, cat, cattle, deer, dog, domestic goat, horse, human, hyena, impala, lion, Malayan tapir, Assam macaque, mule, pig, rabbit, red kangaroo, sheep, tiger and waterbuck). Skeletal remains obtained from five institutes were used as subjects; a total of 45 different parts (locations) of bones were observed for OA lesions...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534349/an-overview-of-high-dose-chemotherapy-with-autologous-stem-cell-rescue-for-germ-cell-tumors-in-current-practice
#3
Nuri Karadurmus, Ugur Sahin, Bilgin Bahadir Basgoz, Fikret Arpaci, Taner Demirer
Testicular cancer is a frequent tumor of adolescent and young adult males. Chemotherapy has been reported to provide cure rates as high as 80% even in the presence of advanced testicular cancer. Studies regarding testicular cancer started after the advent of high dose chemotherapy (HDC) plus atologous stem cell rescue (ASCR) for the treatment of solid tumors in 1980s. Testicular cancer is highly responsive to HDC. Einhorn et al. have reported long-lasting remissions reaching up to 40% among patients with platinum-refractory disease...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528957/proteasomes-in-corneal-epithelial-cells-and-cultured-autologous-oral-mucosal-epithelial-cell-sheet-caomecs-graft-used-for-the-ocular-surface-regeneration
#4
Fawzia Bardag-Gorce, Richard Hoft, Imara Meepe, Julio Garcia, Kumar Tiger, Andrew Wood, Amanda Laporte, Derek Pan, Andrew Makalinao, Robert Niihara, Joan Oliva, Arjie Florentino, Amber M Gorce, Jeremy Stark, Daileen Cortez, Samuel W French, Yutaka Niihara
PURPOSE: This study focuses on characterizing proteasomes in corneal epithelial cells (CEC) and in cultured autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheets (CAOMECS) used to regenerate the ocular surface. METHODS: Limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) was surgically induced in rabbit corneas. CAOMECS was engineered and grafted onto corneas with LSCD to regenerate the ocular surface. RESULTS: LSCD caused an increase in inflammatory cells in the ocular surface, an increase in the formation of immunoproteasomes (IPR), and a decrease in the formation of constitutive proteasome (CPR)...
May 18, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523918/current-status-of-viral-diseases-in-indian-shrimp-aquaculture
#5
G M Tandel, K Riji John, M Rosalind George, M J Prince Jeyaseelan
The intensification of aquaculture has been unique in showing the overwhelming changes in global food production in the last 100 years. Presently, it is playing a vital role in the economies of several countries. Conversely, it is also to be noted that the progression of aquaculture has been the foundation of anthropogenic alteration of a gigantic hierarchy and hence not astonishingly, it resulted in spread and emergence of an increasing group of new unknown diseases. In India, Penaeus monodon, black tiger shrimp was previously the foremost-cultivated shrimp species...
2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522707/draft-genome-sequence-of-the-luminescent-strain-vibrio-campbellii-lb102-isolated-from-a-black-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-monodon-broodstock-rearing-system
#6
Sujeet Kumar, Ashok Kumar Jangam, V Akhil, Vidya Rajendran, Vinaya Kumar Katneni, J Joseph Sahaya Rajan, Monendra Grover, Viswas Konasagara Nagaleekar, S V Alavandi, K K Vijayan
We report here the genome sequence of Vibrio campbellii LB102, isolated from the broodstock rearing system of a shrimp hatchery in India. Sequence analysis revealed the presence of effector toxins of the type III (YopT, sharing 39% identity with Yersinia pestis) and type VI (VgrG-3 and hemolysin coregulated protein of V. cholerae) secretion systems.
May 18, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520796/a-hierarchical-model-for-estimating-the-spatial-distribution-and-abundance-of-animals-detected-by-continuous-time-recorders
#7
Robert M Dorazio, K Ullas Karanth
MOTIVATION: Several spatial capture-recapture (SCR) models have been developed to estimate animal abundance by analyzing the detections of individuals in a spatial array of traps. Most of these models do not use the actual dates and times of detection, even though this information is readily available when using continuous-time recorders, such as microphones or motion-activated cameras. Instead most SCR models either partition the period of trap operation into a set of subjectively chosen discrete intervals and ignore multiple detections of the same individual within each interval, or they simply use the frequency of detections during the period of trap operation and ignore the observed times of detection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517033/high-throughput-sequencing-of-transposable-element-insertions-suggests-adaptive-evolution-of-the-invasive-asian-tiger-mosquito-towards-temperate-environments
#8
Clément Goubert, Hélène Henri, Guillaume Minard, Claire Valiente Moro, Patrick Mavingui, Cristina Vieira, Matthieu Boulesteix
Invasive species represent unique opportunities to evaluate the role of local adaptation during colonization of new environments. Among these species, the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, is a threatening vector of several human viral diseases, including dengue and chikungunya, and raises concerns about the Zika fever. Its broad presence in both temperate and tropical environments has been considered the reflection of great "ecological plasticity". However, no study has been conducted to assess the role of adaptive evolution in the ecological success of Ae...
May 18, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513611/glaucoma-spectrum-and-age-related-prevalence-of-individuals-with-foxc1-and-pitx2-variants
#9
Emmanuelle Souzeau, Owen M Siggs, Tiger Zhou, Anna Galanopoulos, Trevor Hodson, Deepa Taranath, Richard A Mills, John Landers, John Pater, James E Smith, James E Elder, Julian L Rait, Paul Giles, Vivek Phakey, Sandra E Staffieri, Lisa S Kearns, Andrew Dubowsky, David A Mackey, Alex W Hewitt, Jonathan B Ruddle, Kathryn P Burdon, Jamie E Craig
Variation in FOXC1 and PITX2 is associated with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome, characterised by structural defects of the anterior chamber of the eye and a range of systemic features. Approximately half of all affected individuals will develop glaucoma, but the age at diagnosis and the phenotypic spectrum have not been well defined. As phenotypic heterogeneity is common, we aimed to delineate the age-related penetrance and the full phenotypic spectrum of glaucoma in FOXC1 or PITX2 carriers recruited through a national disease registry...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504449/a-decade-of-colonization-the-spread-of-the-asian-tiger-mosquito-in-pennsylvania-and-implications-for-disease-risk
#10
Eric D Taber, Michael L Hutchinson, Erica A H Smithwick, Justine I Blanford
In recent decades, the Asian tiger mosquito expanded its geographic range throughout the northeastern United States, including Pennsylvania. The establishment of Aedes albopictus in novel areas raises significant public health concerns, since this species is a highly competent vector of several arboviruses, including chikungunya, West Nile, and dengue. In this study, we used geographic information systems (GIS) to examine a decade of colonization by Ae. albopictus throughout Pennsylvania between 2001 and 2010...
June 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492174/hematodinium-spp-infections-in-wild-and-cultured-populations-of-marine-crustaceans-along-the-coast-of-china
#11
Jin-Feng Wang, Meng Li, Jie Xiao, Wen-Jun Xu, Cai-Wen Li
The parasitic dinoflagellate Hematodinium spp. infects a broad range of marine crustaceans. Its epidemics have impacted wild populations of various commercial fishery species around the world and the sustainability of mariculture in China. To study the epidemiology of Hematodinium spp. in marine crustaceans along the coast of China, we conducted a broad survey of wild and cultured stocks of major crustacean species in 2013 to 2015. Hematodinium sp. infections were identified in wild stocks of Portunus trituberculatus from Huludao, Laizhou, Qingdao, Yangtze River Estuary and Zhoushan, and Scylla paramamosain from Shantou; and cultured stocks of Portunus trituberculatus and Penaeus monodon from a polyculture pond in Qingdao...
May 11, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491925/no-camphor-toxicity-in-cambodian-infants
#12
Casey R Johnson, Samuel G Porter, Debra Coats, Kyly C Whitfield, Khin Mengkheang, Mark D Topazian, Philip R Fischer
Thiamine deficiency and beriberi are prevalent in Cambodia, although most infants with nonspecific clinical symptoms of beriberi, including tachypnea, lack echocardiographic evidence diagnostic of the disease. Camphor activates transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3), a nonselective ion channel expressed in the medial preoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus and thought to be important for thermo-sensitivity. Because camphorated ointments are used commonly among Cambodian infants, we hypothesized that topical camphor modulates thermoregulatory behaviors, causing beriberi-simulating tachypnea, separate from any influence of thiamine deficiency...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491068/phytoplasmas-the-crouching-tiger-threat-of-australian-plant-pathology
#13
REVIEW
Jian Liu, David Gopurenko, Murray J Fletcher, Anne C Johnson, Geoff M Gurr
Phytoplasmas are insect-vectored bacteria that cause disease in a wide range of plant species. The increasing availability of molecular DNA analyses, expertise and additional methods in recent years has led to a proliferation of discoveries of phytoplasma-plant host associations and in the numbers of taxonomic groupings for phytoplasmas. The widespread use of common names based on the diseases with which they are associated, as well as separate phenetic and taxonomic systems for classifying phytoplasmas based on variation at the 16S rRNA-encoding gene, complicates interpretation of the literature...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489334/diagnosis-of-copan-by-whole-exome-sequencing-waking-up-a-sleeping-tiger-s-eye
#14
Christina Evers, Angelika Seitz, Birgit Assmann, Thomas Opladen, Stephanie Karch, Katrin Hinderhofer, Martin Granzow, Nagarajan Paramasivam, Roland Eils, Nicolle Diessl, Claus R Bartram, Ute Moog
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by iron accumulation in the basal ganglia. Recently, mutations in CoA synthase (COASY) have been identified as a cause of a novel NBIA subtype (COASY Protein-Associated Neurodegeneration, CoPAN) in two patients with dystonic paraparesis, parkinsonian features, cognitive impairment, behavior abnormalities, and axonal neuropathy. COASY encodes an enzyme required for Coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis. Using whole exome sequencing (WES) we identified compound heterozygous COASY mutations in two siblings with intellectual disability, ataxic gait, progressive spasticity, and obsessive-compulsive behavior...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483486/corrigendum-to-characterization-of-molecular-properties-and-regulatory-pathways-of-crustinpm1-and-crustinpm7-from-the-black%C3%A2-tiger-shrimp-penaeus-monodon-dev-comp-immunol-67%C3%A2-2017-%C3%A2-18-29
#15
Sopacha Arayamethakorn, Premruethai Supungul, Anchalee Tassanakajon, Kuakarun Krusong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464294/skeletal-indicators-of-shark-feeding-on-human-remains-evidence-from-florida-forensic-anthropology-cases
#16
Michala K Stock, Allysha P Winburn, George H Burgess
This research examines a series of six Florida forensic anthropology cases that exhibit taphonomic evidence of marine deposition and shark-feeding activities. In each case, we analyzed patterns of trauma/damage on the skeletal remains (e.g., sharp-force bone gouges and punctures) and possible mechanisms by which they were inflicted during shark predation/scavenging. In some cases, shark teeth were embedded in the remains; in the absence of this evidence, we measured interdental distance from defects in the bone to estimate shark body length, as well as to draw inferences about the potential species responsible...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450662/comparative-serological-investigation-between-cat-and-tiger-blood-for-transfusion
#17
Naris Thengchaisri, Chayakrit Sinthusingha, Surapong Arthitwong, Panpicha Sattasathuchana
Evidence suggests that non-domesticated felids inherited the same AB-erythrocyte antigens as domestic cats. To study the possible compatibility of tiger blood with that of other endangered felidae, blood samples from captive tigers and domestic cats were subjected to in vitro study. The objectives of this study were to (1) identify whether the captive tigers had blood type AB and (2) determine the compatibility between the blood of captive tigers and that of domestic cats with a similar blood type. The anti-coagulated blood with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid of 30 tigers was examined to determine blood type, and a crossmatching test was performed between tiger and cat blood...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447805/do-tiger-keelback-snakes-rhabdophis-tigrinus-recognize-how-toxic-they-are
#18
Akira Mori, Gordon M Burghardt
Animals that depend on defensive chemicals acquired from food may face a decision when attempting to deter predatory attacks: Should they exhibit antipredator behavior that relies on the toxicity of the sequestered chemicals or should they adopt other behaviors that can avoid predation without using the chemical defense, such as flight? Thus, it is reasonable to assume that animals that sequester prey toxins have evolved the ability to flexibly change their antipredator responses according to the amount of toxin-resource they have consumed...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445499/fine-scale-population-genetic-structure-of-the-bengal-tiger-panthera-tigris-tigris-in-a-human-dominated-western-terai-arc-landscape-india
#19
Sujeet Kumar Singh, Jouni Aspi, Laura Kvist, Reeta Sharma, Puneet Pandey, Sudhanshu Mishra, Randeep Singh, Manoj Agrawal, Surendra Prakash Goyal
Despite massive global conservation strategies, tiger populations continued to decline until recently, mainly due to habitat loss, human-animal conflicts, and poaching. These factors are known to affect the genetic characteristics of tiger populations and decrease local effective population sizes. The Terai Arc Landscape (TAL) at the foothills of the Himalaya is one of the 42 source sites of tigers around the globe. Therefore, information on how landscape features and anthropogenic factors affect the fine-scale spatial genetic structure and variation of tigers in TAL is needed to develop proper management strategies for achieving long-term conservation goals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444302/draft-genome-of-the-lined-seahorse-hippocampus-erectus
#20
Qiang Lin, Ying Qiu, Ruobo Gu, Meng Xu, Jia Li, Chao Bian, Huixian Zhang, Geng Qin, Yanhong Zhang, Wei Luo, Jieming Chen, Xinxin You, Mingjun Fan, Min Sun, Pao Xu, Byrappa Venkatesh, Junming Xu, Hongtuo Fu, Qiong Shi
Background: The lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus , is an Atlantic species and mainly inhabits shallow sea-beds or coral reefs. It has become very popular in China for its wide use in traditional Chinese medicine. In order to improve the aquaculture yield of this valuable fish species, we are trying to develop genomic resources for assistant selection in genetic breeding. Here, we provide whole genome sequencing, assembly and gene annotation of the lined seahorse, which can enrich genome resource and further application for its molecular breeding...
April 22, 2017: GigaScience
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