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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352154/resting-state-brain-networks-in-the-prairie-vole
#1
Juan J Ortiz, Wendy Portillo, Raul G Paredes, Larry J Young, Sarael Alcauter
Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) has shown the hierarchical organization of the human brain into large-scale complex networks, referred as resting state networks. This technique has turned into a promising translational research tool after the finding of similar resting state networks in non-human primates, rodents and other animal models of great value for neuroscience. Here, we demonstrate and characterize the presence of resting states networks in Microtus ochrogaster, the prairie vole, an extraordinary animal model to study complex human-like social behavior, with potential implications for the research of normal social development, addiction and neuropsychiatric disorders...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351350/visualized-analysis-of-developing-trends-and-hot-topics-in-natural-disaster-research
#2
Shi Shen, Changxiu Cheng, Jing Yang, Shanli Yang
This study visualized and analyzed the developing trends and hot topics in natural disaster research. 19694 natural disaster-related articles (January 1900 to June 2015) are indexed in the Web of Science database. The first step in this study is using complex networks to visualize and analyze these articles. CiteSpace and Gephi were employed to generate a countries collaboration network and a disciplines collaboration network, and then attached hot topics to countries and disciplines, respectively. The results show that USA, China, and Italy are the three major contributors to natural disaster research...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350318/father-absence-social-networks-and-maternal-ratings-of-child-health-evidence-from-the-2013-social-networks-and-health-information-survey-in-mexico
#3
Heather B Edelblute, Claire E Altman
Objectives To bridge the literature on the effect of father absence, international migration, and social networks on child health, we assess the association between father absence and maternal ratings of child poor health (MCPH). Next we test whether social networks of immediate and extended kin mediate the relationship between fathers' absence and MCPH. Methods Nested logistic regression models predicting MCPH are estimated using the 2013 Social Networks and Health Information Survey, collected in a migrant-sending community in Guanajuato, Mexico...
January 19, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349880/beyond-the-realist-turn-a-socio-material-analysis-of-heart-failure-self-care
#4
Allan McDougall, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Mark Goldszmidt, Karen Harkness, Patricia Strachan, Lorelei Lingard
For patients living with chronic illnesses, self-care has been linked with positive outcomes such as decreased hospitalisation, longer lifespan, and improved quality of life. However, despite calls for more and better self-care interventions, behaviour change trials have repeatedly fallen short on demonstrating effectiveness. The literature on heart failure (HF) stands as a case in point, and a growing body of HF studies advocate realist approaches to self-care research and policymaking. We label this trend the 'realist turn' in HF self-care...
January 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349872/the-personal-communities-of-men-experiencing-later-life-widowhood
#5
Tracy Collins
Increasingly men are becoming widowed in later life due in part to a longer life expectancy. Social networks and social support are thought to help buffer the negative consequences of such later life transitions. This paper explores the personal communities of a group of older men experiencing widowhood. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted, September 2013-February 2014, with seven older widowers, 71-89 years of age, in North Staffordshire, UK. Interviews included personal community diagrams to identify the structure of the older men's social relationships...
January 18, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349238/engagement-with-health-care-providers-as-a-mediator-between-social-capital-and-quality-of-life-among-a-sample-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states-path-analysis
#6
SoSon Jong, Adam Carrico, Bruce Cooper, Lisa Thompson, Carmen Portillo
Background: Social capital is "features of social organizations-networks, norms, and as trust that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit". People with high social capital have lower mortality and better health outcomes. Although utilization of social networks has grown, social capital continues to be a complex concept in relation to health promotion. This study examined 1) associations between social capital and quality of life (QoL), 2) factors of social capital leading to higher QoL among people living with HIV (PLWH), 3) role of health care providers (HCP) as a mediator between social capital and QoL...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349235/social-pathways-to-health-on-the-mediating-role-of-the-social-network-in-the-relation-between-socio-economic-position-and-health
#7
Marja Aartsen, Marijke Veenstra, Thomas Hansen
Good health is one of the key qualities of life, but opportunities to be and remain healthy are unequally distributed across socio-economic groups. The beneficial health effects of the social network are well known. However, research on the social network as potential mediator in the pathway from socio-economic position (SEP) to health is scarce, while there are good reasons to expect a socio-economical patterning of networks. We aim to contribute to our understanding of socio-economic inequalities in health by examining the mediating role of structural and functional characteristics of the social network in the SEP-health relationship...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348112/comparing-short-dental-implants-to-standard-dental-implants-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Amir Reza Rokn, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Monzavi, Kazem Hashemi, Tahereh Bitaraf
BACKGROUND: Short dental implants have been proposed as a simpler, cheaper, and faster alternative for the rehabilitation of atrophic edentulous areas to avoid the disadvantages of surgical techniques for increasing bone volume. OBJECTIVE: This review will compare short implants (4 to 8 mm) to standard implants (larger than 8 mm) in edentulous jaws, evaluating on the basis of marginal bone loss (MBL), survival rate, complications, and prosthesis failure. METHODS: We will electronically search for randomized controlled trials comparing short dental implants to standard dental implants in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials...
January 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347074/explosive-percolation-on-directed-networks-due-to-monotonic-flow-of-activity
#9
Alex Waagen, Raissa M D'Souza, Tsai-Ching Lu
An important class of real-world networks has directed edges, and in addition, some rank ordering on the nodes, for instance the popularity of users in online social networks. Yet, nearly all research related to explosive percolation has been restricted to undirected networks. Furthermore, information on such rank-ordered networks typically flows from higher-ranked to lower-ranked individuals, such as follower relations, replies, and retweets on Twitter. Here we introduce a simple percolation process on an ordered, directed network where edges are added monotonically with respect to the rank ordering...
July 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346908/mechanisms-of-self-organized-criticality-in-social-processes-of-knowledge-creation
#10
Bosiljka Tadić, Marija Mitrović Dankulov, Roderick Melnik
In online social dynamics, a robust scale invariance appears as a key feature of collaborative efforts that lead to new social value. The underlying empirical data thus offers a unique opportunity to study the origin of self-organized criticality (SOC) in social systems. In contrast to physical systems in the laboratory, various human attributes of the actors play an essential role in the process along with the contents (cognitive, emotional) of the communicated artifacts. As a prototypical example, we consider the social endeavor of knowledge creation via Questions and Answers (Q&A)...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345477/an-exploratory-study-of-stress-and-coping-among-black-college-men
#11
Janelle R Goodwill, Daphne C Watkins, Natasha C Johnson, Julie Ober Allen
Research on coping mechanisms among Black Americans is robust, yet there is a dearth of studies that use qualitative approaches to examine coping specifically among young Black men. The current and historical landscape of race relations in the United States calls for additional concern and exploration of this topic. To fill gaps in this area, this study uncovered the ways Black college men cope with various stressors that impact their mental health. Eleven qualitative interviews were conducted with 18- to 25-year-old Black men enrolled at a college in the Midwest who participated in the Young Black Men, Masculinities, and Mental Health (YBMen) project...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342947/understanding-tail-biting-in-pigs-through-social-network-analysis
#12
Yuzhi Li, Haifeng Zhang, Lee J Johnston, Wayne Martin
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between social structure and incidence of tail-biting in pigs. Pigs (n = 144, initial weight = 7.2 ± 1.57 kg, 4 weeks of age) were grouped based on their litter origin: littermates, non-littermates, and half-group of littermates. Six pens (8 pigs/pen) of each litter origin were studied for 6 weeks. Incidence of tail injury and growth performance were monitored. Behavior of pigs was video recorded for 6 h at 6 and 8 weeks of age. Video recordings were scanned at 10 min intervals to register pigs that were lying together (1) or not (0) in binary matrices...
January 15, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342510/validation-of-the-social-appearance-anxiety-scale-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-scleroderma-patient-centered-intervention-network-cohort-study
#13
Sarah D Mills, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Shadi Gholizadeh, Rina S Fox, Lisa R Jewett, Karen Gottesman, Scott C Roesch, Brett D Thombs, Vanessa L Malcarne
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that can cause disfiguring changes in appearance. This study examined the structural validity, internal consistency reliability, convergent validity, and measurement equivalence of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) across SSc disease subtypes. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network Cohort completed the SAAS and measures of appearance-related concerns and psychological distress...
January 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342115/investigating-the-associations-between-ethnic-networks-community-social-capital-and-physical-health-among-marriage-migrants-in-korea
#14
Harris Hyun-Soo Kim
This study examines factors associated with the physical health of Korea's growing immigrant population. Specifically, it focuses on the associations between ethnic networks, community social capital, and self-rated health (SRH) among female marriage migrants. For empirical testing, secondary analysis of a large nationally representative sample (NSMF 2009) is conducted. Given the clustered data structure (individuals nested in communities), a series of two-level random intercepts and slopes models are fitted to probe the relationships between SRH and interpersonal (bonding and bridging) networks among foreign-born wives in Korea...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340902/validation-study-of-the-abbreviated-version-of-the-lubben-social-network-scale-spanish-translation-among-mexican-and-mexican-american-older-adults
#15
Mireya Vilar-Compte, Arturo Vargas-Bustamante, James Lubben
PURPOSE: To perform a face validity study of the Spanish version of the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-6) among Mexican and Mexican-American older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-national qualitative descriptive approach, based on cognitive survey testing and cross-cultural equivalence analysis, was followed to assess the face validity of the Spanish version of the LSNS-6. Data were collected through 2 focus groups in Los Angeles (LA) and 4 in Mexico City (CDMX)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334921/a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-adjunct-brief-social-network-intervention-in-opiate-substitution-treatment-services
#16
Ed Day, Alex Copello, Jennifer L Seddon, Marilyn Christie, Deborah Bamber, Charlotte Powell, Carmel Bennett, Shabana Akhtar, Sanju George, Andrew Ball, Emma Frew, Ilias Goranitis, Nick Freemantle
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3% of people receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST) in the UK manage to achieve abstinence from prescribed and illicit drugs within three years of commencing treatment. Involvement of families and wider social networks in supporting psychological treatment may be an effective strategy in facilitating recovery, and this pilot study aimed to evaluate the impact of a social network-focused intervention for patients receiving OST. METHODS: A two-site, open feasibility trial randomised patients receiving OST for at least 12 months but still reporting illicit opiate use in the past 28 days to one of three treatments: 1) treatment as usual (TAU), 2) Brief Social Behaviour and Network Therapy (B-SBNT) + TAU, or 3) Personal Goal Setting (PGS) + TAU...
January 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332004/host-agent-vector-environment-measures-for-electronic-cigarette-research-used-in-nih-grants
#17
Mary L Garcia-Cazarin, Rachel J Mandal, Rachel Grana, Kay L Wanke, Helen I Meissner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the focus and comprehensiveness of domains measured in e-cigarette research. METHODS: A portfolio analysis of National Institutes of Health grants focusing on e-cigarette research and funded between the fiscal years 2007 and 2015 was conducted. Grant proposals were retrieved using a government database and coded using the Host-Agent-Vector-Environment (HAVE) model as a framework to characterise the measures proposed...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331967/understanding-frailty-a-qualitative-study-of-european-healthcare-policy-makers-approaches-to-frailty-screening-and-management
#18
Holly Gwyther, Rachel Shaw, Eva-Amparo Jaime Dauden, Barbara D'Avanzo, Donata Kurpas, Maria Bujnowska-Fedak, Tomasz Kujawa, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Carol Holland
OBJECTIVE: To elicit European healthcare policy-makers' views, understanding and attitudes about the implementation of frailty screening and management strategies and responses to stakeholders' views. DESIGN: Thematic analysis of semistructured qualitative interviews. SETTING: European healthcare policy departments. PARTICIPANTS: Seven European healthcare policy-makers representing the European Union (n=2), UK (n=2), Italy (n=1), Spain (n=1) and Poland (n=1)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330217/a-systematic-review-of-network-meta-analyses-for-pharmacological-treatment-of-common-mental-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Taryn Williams, Dan J Stein, Jonathan Ipser
QUESTION: Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of treatment efficacy across different pharmacological treatments help inform clinical decision-making, but their methodological quality may vary a lot depending also on the quality of the included primary studies. We therefore conducted a systematic review of NMAs of pharmacological treatment for common mental disorders in order to assess the methodological quality of these NMAs, and to relate study characteristics to the rankings of efficacy and tolerability...
January 12, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329464/-the-use-of-social-networks-and-physical-activity-patterns-of-adolescents-in-obesity-therapy-a-sociodemographic-stratified-analysis
#20
Hagen Wulff, Petra Wagner
The improvement of existing obesity treatment for children and adolescents requires knowledge about social and personal conditions, individual needs, and life style. From particular importance are information about physical activity and media use, in order to target and adjust content and methods of therapy interventions. In 2013, 510 adolescents aged 11 to 17 years participated in a survey on above named factors. Physical activities were conducted with friends (64%) and in sport clubs (43%). Girls (OR 0.55) and children of unemployed parents (OR 0...
January 12, 2018: Die Rehabilitation
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