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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926778/korean-immigrants-don-t-buy-health-insurance-the-influences-of-culture-on-self-employed-korean-immigrants-focusing-on-structure-and-functions-of-social-networks
#1
Hyunsung Oh, Chung Hyeon Jeong
Culture has been pinpointed as a culprit of disparities in health insurance coverage between Korean immigrants and other ethnic groups. This study explored specific mechanisms by which culture influences a decision to buy health insurance among self-employed Korean immigrants living in ethnic enclaves by focusing on the structure and functions of social networks. Between March and June 2015, we recruited 24 Korean immigrant adults (aged 18 or older) who identified as self-employed and being uninsured for substantial periods before 2014 in Southern California...
September 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922073/the-effects-of-individual-and-network-level-factors-on-discussion-of-cancer-experiences-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-in-korea
#2
Min Ah Kim, Jaehee Yi, Kort C Prince, Elizabeth Nagelhout, Yelena Wu
This study aimed to identify young adult Korean cancer survivors' individual- (psychological distress, stigma, sociodemographic variables, and cancer-related variables) and network-level factors (relationship type, social support type) that influence discussion of their cancer experiences. Sixty-eight survivors of childhood cancer who were recruited using snowball sampling nominated 245 individuals from their networks, including family and intimate partners (40%) and friends and acquaintances (60%), as people with whom they most frequently interacted...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921997/simulating-drinking-in-social-networks-to-inform-alcohol-prevention-and-treatment-efforts
#3
Kevin A Hallgren, Barbara S McCrady, Thomas P Caudell, Katie Witkiewitz, J Scott Tonigan
Adolescent drinking influences, and is influenced by, peer alcohol use. Several efficacious adolescent alcohol interventions include elements aimed at reducing susceptibility to peer influence. Modeling these interventions within dynamically changing social networks may improve our understanding of how such interventions work and for whom they work best. We used stochastic actor-based models to simulate longitudinal drinking and friendship formation within social networks using parameters obtained from a meta-analysis of real-world 10th grade adolescent social networks...
September 18, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921735/three-shades-of-grey-detecting-brain-abnormalities-in-children-with-autism-by-using-source-voxel-and-surface-based-morphometry
#4
Edoardo Pappaianni, Roma Siugzdaite, Sofie Vettori, Paola Venuti, Remo Job, Alessandro Grecucci
Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in social interactions, communication and stereotyped behavior. Recent evidence from neuroimaging supports the hypothesis that ASD deficits in adults may be related to abnormalities in a specific frontal-temporal network (Autism-specific Structural Network, ASN). To see whether these results extend to younger children and to better characterize these abnormalities, we applied three morphometric methods on brain grey matter of children with and without ASD...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919944/network-analysis-on-attitudes-a-brief-tutorial
#5
Jonas Dalege, Denny Borsboom, Frenk van Harreveld, Han L J van der Maas
In this article, we provide a brief tutorial on the estimation, analysis, and simulation on attitude networks using the programming language R. We first discuss what a network is and subsequently show how one can estimate a regularized network on typical attitude data. For this, we use open-access data on the attitudes toward Barack Obama during the 2012 American presidential election. Second, we show how one can calculate standard network measures such as community structure, centrality, and connectivity on this estimated attitude network...
July 2017: Social Psychological and Personality Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918464/what-s-next-in-complex-networks-capturing-the-concept-of-attacking-play-in-invasive-team-sports
#6
REVIEW
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Duarte Araújo
The evolution of performance analysis within sports sciences is tied to technology development and practitioner demands. However, how individual and collective patterns self-organize and interact in invasive team sports remains elusive. Social network analysis has been recently proposed to resolve some aspects of this problem, and has proven successful in capturing collective features resulting from the interactions between team members as well as a powerful communication tool. Despite these advances, some fundamental team sports concepts such as an attacking play have not been properly captured by the more common applications of social network analysis to team sports performance...
September 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916228/cellular-therapy-injections-in-today-s-orthopedic-market-a-social-media-analysis
#7
Prem N Ramkumar, Sergio M Navarro, Heather S Haeberle, Morad Chughtai, Christopher Demetriades, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Michael A Mont, Thomas W Bauer, George F Muschler
BACKGROUND: The current state of cellular therapy for musculoskeletal conditions is at a crossroads. Marketing efforts are often outpacing clinical evidence and regulatory control. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: This study was an effort to describe the marketing of cellular therapy in musculoskeletal medicine by evaluating the content in popular social media channels. Specifically, media posts were evaluated for the following: (1) perspective, (2) tone, (3) content and (4) visibility...
September 12, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914229/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-beta-interferon-and-glatiramer-acetate-for-treating-multiple-sclerosis-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation
#8
G J Melendez-Torres, Peter Auguste, Xavier Armoiry, Hendramoorthy Maheswaran, Rachel Court, Jason Madan, Alan Kan, Stephanie Lin, Carl Counsell, Jacoby Patterson, Jeremy Rodrigues, Olga Ciccarelli, Hannah Fraser, Aileen Clarke
BACKGROUND: At the time of publication of the most recent National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance [technology appraisal (TA) 32] in 2002 on beta-interferon (IFN-β) and glatiramer acetate (GA) for multiple sclerosis, there was insufficient evidence of their clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To undertake (1) systematic reviews of the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of IFN-β and GA in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) compared with best supportive care (BSC) and each other, investigating annualised relapse rate (ARR) and time to disability progression confirmed at 3 months and 6 months and (2) cost-effectiveness assessments of disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for CIS and RRMS compared with BSC and each other...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914161/a-net-of-friends-investigating-friendship-by-integrating-attachment-theory-and-social-network-analysis
#9
Omri Gillath, Gery C Karantzas, Emre Selcuk
The current article focuses on attachment style-an individual difference widely studied in the field of close relationships-and its application to the study of social networks. Specifically, we investigated whether attachment style predicts perception and management of social networks. In Study 1, we examined the associations of attachment style with perceptions of network tie strength and multiplexity. In Studies 2a and 2b, we investigated the association between attachment style and network management skills (initiating, maintaining, and dissolving ties) and whether network management skills mediated the associations of attachment style with network tie strength and multiplexity...
July 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914158/studying-positive-and-negative-direct-and-extended-contact-complementing-self-reports-with-social-network-analysis
#10
Ralf Wölfer, Eva Jaspers, Danielle Blaylock, Clarissa Wigoder, Joanne Hughes, Miles Hewstone
Traditionally, studies of intergroup contact have primarily relied on self-reports, which constitute a valid method for studying intergroup contact, but has limitations, especially if researchers are interested in negative or extended contact. In three studies, we apply social network analyses to generate alternative contact parameters. Studies 1 and 2 examine self-reported and network-based parameters of positive and negative contact using cross-sectional datasets ( N = 291, N = 258), indicating that both methods help explain intergroup relations...
July 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911327/negotiating-power-relations-gender-equality-and-collective-agency-are-village-health-committees-transformative-social-spaces-in-northern-india
#11
Kerry Scott, Asha S George, Steven A Harvey, Shinjini Mondal, Gupteswar Patel, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Participatory health initiatives ideally support progressive social change and stronger collective agency for marginalized groups. However, this empowering potential is often limited by inequalities within communities and between communities and outside actors (i.e. government officials, policymakers). We examined how the participatory initiative of Village Health, Sanitation, and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs) can enable and hinder the renegotiation of power in rural north India...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906409/the-study-on-the-core-personality-trait-words-of-chinese-medical-university-students-based-on-social-network-analysis
#12
Ying Wu, Yunzhen Xue, Zhanling Xue
The medical university students in China whose school work is relatively heavy and educational system is long are a special professional group. Many students have psychological problems more or less. So, to understand their personality characteristics will provide a scientific basis for the intervention of psychological health.We selected top 30 personality trait words according to the order of frequency. Additionally, some methods such as social network analysis (SNA) and visualization technology of mapping knowledge domain were used in this study...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902906/users-participation-and-social-influence-during-information-spreading-on-twitter
#13
Xin Zhang, Ding-Ding Han, Ruiqi Yang, Ziqiao Zhang
Online Social Networks generate a prodigious wealth of real-time information at an incessant rate. In this paper we study the empirical data that crawled from Twitter to describe the topology and information spreading dynamics of Online Social Networks. We propose a measurement with three measures to state the efforts of users on Twitter to get their information spreading, based on the unique mechanisms for information retransmission on Twitter. It is noticed that small fraction of users with special performance on participation can gain great influence, while most other users play a role as middleware during the information propagation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900210/alterations-of-brain-functional-architecture-associated-with-psychopathic-traits-in-male-adolescents-with-conduct-disorder
#14
Weidan Pu, Qiang Luo, Yali Jiang, Yidian Gao, Qingsen Ming, Shuqiao Yao
Psychopathic traits of conduct disorder (CD) have a core callous-unemotional (CU) component and an impulsive-antisocial component. Previous task-driven fMRI studies have suggested that psychopathic traits are associated with dysfunction of several brain areas involved in different cognitive functions (e.g., empathy, reward, and response inhibition etc.), but the relationship between psychopathic traits and intrinsic brain functional architecture has not yet been explored in CD. Using a holistic brain-wide functional connectivity analysis, this study delineated the alterations in brain functional networks in patients with conduct disorder...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899415/the-experiences-of-caregivers-of-children-living-with-hiv-and-aids-in-uganda-a-qualitative-study
#15
Joseph Osafo, Birthe Loa Knizek, James Mugisha, Eugene Kinyanda
BACKGROUND: Home-based care for HIV patients is popular in contexts severely affected by the epidemic and exacts a heavy toll on caregivers. This study aimed at understanding the experiences of caregivers and their survival strategies. METHODS: A total of 18 caregivers (3 males and 15 females) were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide, and thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. RESULTS: Analysis suggests that the caregivers are burdened with insecure provisions for food and difficulties in accessing health care...
September 12, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894427/hypernetworks-reveal-compound-variables-that-capture-cooperative-and-competitive-interactions-in-a-soccer-match
#16
João Ramos, Rui J Lopes, Pedro Marques, Duarte Araújo
The combination of sports sciences theorization and social networks analysis (SNA) has offered useful new insights for addressing team behavior. However, SNA typically represents the dynamics of team behavior during a match in dyadic interactions and in a single cumulative snapshot. This study aims to overcome these limitations by using hypernetworks to describe illustrative cases of team behavior dynamics at various other levels of analyses. Hypernetworks simultaneously access cooperative and competitive interactions between teammates and opponents across space and time during a match...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893768/building-managed-primary-care-practice-networks-to-deliver-better-clinical-care-a-qualitative-semi-structured-interview-study
#17
Jasmine Pawa, John Robson, Sally Hull
BACKGROUND: Primary care practices are increasingly working in larger groups. In 2009, all 36 primary care practices in the London borough of Tower Hamlets were grouped geographically into eight managed practice networks to improve the quality of care they delivered. Quantitative evaluation has shown improved clinical outcomes. AIM: To provide insight into the process of network implementation, including the aims, facilitating factors, and barriers, from both the clinical and managerial perspectives...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893384/influence-of-socioeconomic-context-on-the-rehospitalization-rates-of-infants-born-preterm
#18
Olivia Laugier, Patricia Garcia, Mohamed Boucékine, Alexandre Daguzan, Sophie Tardieu, Roland Sambuc, Farid Boubred
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of social inequalities on the risk of rehospitalization in the first year after discharge from the neonatal unit in a population of preterm-born children. STUDY DESIGN: Preterm infants were included if they were born between 2006 and 2013 at ≤32 + 6 weeks of gestation and who received follow-up in a French regional medical network with a high level of healthcare. Socioeconomic context was estimated using a neighborhood-based socioeconomic deprivation index...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892931/effect-of-environmental-intervention-on-the-consumption-of-rice-without-toxic-metals-based-on-the-health-belief-model-and-ecological-social-model
#19
Leili Shafiei, Parvaneh Taymoori, Afshin Maleki, Bijan Nouri
INTRODUCTION: The effect of instructional models on the changing behaviour of consuming contaminated rice with toxic metals has not been investigated in Iran yet. AIM: To compare effect of Health Belief Model (HBM) and Ecological (ECO) social model on decreasing the consumption of rice contaminated with toxic metals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study aimed at implementing a six-month interventionist program among three groups (HBM, ECO and Control)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891109/strengthening-community-mental-health-competence-a-realist-informed-case-study-from-dehradun-north-india
#20
Kaaren Mathias, Jeph Mathias, Isabel Goicolea, Michelle Kermode
Few accounts exist of programmes in low- and middle-income countries seeking to strengthen community knowledge and skills in mental health. This case study uses a realist lens to explore how a mental health project in a context with few mental health services, strengthened community mental health competence by increasing community knowledge, creating safer social spaces and engaging partnerships for action. We used predominantly qualitative methods to explore relationships between context, interventions, mechanisms and outcomes in the "natural setting" of a community-based mental health project in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, North India...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
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