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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538919/expert-communities-and-interest-formation-in-the-brazilian-aids-program
#1
Regina Ferro do Lago, Nilson do Rosário Costa
This paper examines the role of the Technical Advisory Committee for antiretroviral therapy of the Brazilian AIDS program in mediating the decision-making process of including new antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in the Unified Health System services by the end of the 2000s. We conducted documental analysis and interviews with key informants from the governmental sphere and professionals. The work features the Technical Advisory Committee as an "expert community", defined as a network of individuals with expertise and competence in a particular sphere and whose knowledge is relevant in critical public policy decision areas...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538231/informal-peer-assisted-learning-groups-did-not-lead-to-better-performance-of-saudi-dental-students
#2
Maha AbdelSalam, Maha El Tantawi, Asim Al-Ansari, Adel AlAgl, Fahad Al-Harbi
OBJECTIVES: To describe peer-assisted learning (PAL) groups formed by dental undergraduate students in a biomedical course and investigate the association of individual and group characteristics with academic performance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 2015, 92 4th yr. students (males: 43; females: 49) in the College of Dentistry, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia were invited to form PAL groups to study a unit in a biomedical course. An examination was used to assess their knowledge after two weeks...
May 23, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537958/everyday-life-after-colon-cancer-the-visible-and-invisible-challenges
#3
Susanne Stuhlfauth, Line Melby, Ragnhild Hellesø
BACKGROUND: There is little research regarding how everyday life is affected by colon cancer treatment. Few studies exist that exclusively examine patients with Dukes C colon cancer. Most studies include other types of bowel cancer and different stages. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to explore and describe how colon cancer survivors experience everyday life in general and sexuality in particular after treatment of Dukes C colon cancer. METHODS: The study is exploratory and descriptive and uses semistructured interviews to collect data...
May 23, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535401/workforce-planning-and-training-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-across-europe-a-survey-of-national-trainee-societies
#4
Anna J M Aabakke, Alexandra Kristufkova, Charlotte Boyon, Laurids T Bune, Maud Van de Venne
OBJECTIVE(S): To describe the infrastructural differences in training in Obstetrics and Gynaecology (ObGyn) across Europe. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive web-based survey of 31 national ObGyn trainee societies representing the 30 member countries of the European Network of Trainees in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Answers were verified in a telephone interview and only countries which had completed the telephone interview were included in the final analysis. RESULTS: The final analysis included 28 of 31 societies representing 27 countries (response rate 90%)...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535162/examining-the-social-context-of-injection-drug-use-social-proximity-vs-geographic-proximity-to-others-who-inject-drugs
#5
Abby E Rudolph, April M Young, Jennifer R Havens
This analysis uses social network and spatial data to examine associations between one's injection status and social and/or spatial proximity to others who inject. 503 rural persons who use drugs were recruited to participate in the Social Networks among Appalachian People (SNAP) Study (2008-2010). Interviewer-administered surveys collected information on recent sex, drug use, and social support network members (n = 897 ties). Using network simulations, we determined a threshold for the association between social proximity to others who inject and recent injection status ('socially proximal' defined by shortest path≤2)...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529537/a-web-based-tool-for-automatic-data-collection-curation-and-visualization-of-complex-healthcare-survey-studies-including-social-network-analysis
#6
José Alberto Benítez, José Emilio Labra, Enedina Quiroga, Vicente Martín, Isaías García, Pilar Marqués-Sánchez, Carmen Benavides
There is a great concern nowadays regarding alcohol consumption and drug abuse, especially in young people. Analyzing the social environment where these adolescents are immersed, as well as a series of measures determining the alcohol abuse risk or personal situation and perception using a number of questionnaires like AUDIT, FAS, KIDSCREEN, and others, it is possible to gain insight into the current situation of a given individual regarding his/her consumption behavior. But this analysis, in order to be achieved, requires the use of tools that can ease the process of questionnaire creation, data gathering, curation and representation, and later analysis and visualization to the user...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527377/fishing-for-leadership-the-role-diversification-plays-in-facilitating-change-agents
#7
Joshua S Stoll
Leadership is often viewed as being critical to successful natural resource management. This research focuses on a set of leaders identified through a social network analysis of fishers in a rural coastal region. Leaders' connections to different fisheries are evaluated, and these actors are found to be significantly more diversified than other fishers in the area. Drawing on theory related to institutional entrepreneurship and a series of in-depth interviews with these actors, this paper puts forward several hypotheses to explain how diverse social-ecological connections facilitate leadership...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526666/a-smart-toy-to-enhance-the-decision-making-process-at-children-s-psychomotor-delay-screenings-a-pilot-study
#8
María Angeles Gutiérrez García, María Luisa Martín Ruiz, Diego Rivera, Laura Vadillo, Miguel Angel Valero Duboy
BACKGROUND: EDUCERE ("Ubiquitous Detection Ecosystem to Care and Early Stimulation for Children with Developmental Disorders") is an ecosystem for ubiquitous detection, care, and early stimulation of children with developmental disorders. The objectives of this Spanish government-funded research and development project are to investigate, develop, and evaluate innovative solutions to detect changes in psychomotor development through the natural interaction of children with toys and everyday objects, and perform stimulation and early attention activities in real environments such as home and school...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526035/microblogging-violent-attacks-on-medical-staff%C3%A2-in-china-a-case-study-of-the-longmen-county-people-s-hospital-incident
#10
Jia Tian, Li Du
BACKGROUND: A violent attack on medical staff in Guangdong Province, in which a female doctor at Longmen County People's Hospital (LCPH) was severely injured by a knife-wielding patient, has drawn significant public attention to the phenomenon of hospital violence and initiated discussions on how to resolve violence in hospitals. Social networking sites, such as Sina Weibo, a Chinese version of Twitter, have played a role in this public debate. The incident at LCPH provides an opportunity to examine how Weibo has been used in the debate about violence against medical staff in China...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525781/sleep-waves-and-recovery-from-drug-and-alcohol-dependence-towards-a-rhythm-analysis-of-sleep-in-residential-treatment
#11
Robert Meadows, Sarah Nettleton, Joanne Neale
This paper reports on a study of sleep amongst men and women who are living in residential rehabilitation centres in the UK and who are receiving support for their recovery from addiction to alcohol and other forms of substance use. Conceptually and methodologically, the paper draws on the work of the French sociologist Lefebvre and, in particular, his rhythmanalysis. We argue that this approach offers a useful way of exploring sleep in terms of biological, experiential, temporal, spatial and social rhythms...
May 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523205/2016-year-in-review-of-clinical-and-consumer-informatics-analysis-and-visualization-of-keywords-and-topics
#12
REVIEW
Hyeoun-Ae Park, Joo Yun Lee, Jeongah On, Ji Hyun Lee, Hyesil Jung, Seul Ki Park
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review and visualize the medical informatics field over the previous 12 months according to the frequencies of keywords and topics in papers published in the top four journals in the field and in Healthcare Informatics Research (HIR), an official journal of the Korean Society of Medical Informatics. METHODS: A six-person team conducted an extensive review of the literature on clinical and consumer informatics. The literature was searched using keywords employed in the American Medical Informatics Association year-in-review process and organized into 14 topics used in that process...
April 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522533/a-dedicated-network-for-social-interaction-processing-in-the-primate-brain
#13
J Sliwa, W A Freiwald
Primate cognition requires interaction processing. Interactions can reveal otherwise hidden properties of intentional agents, such as thoughts and feelings, and of inanimate objects, such as mass and material. Where and how interaction analyses are implemented in the brain is unknown. Using whole-brain functional magnetic resonance imaging in macaque monkeys, we discovered a network centered in the medial and ventrolateral prefrontal cortex that is exclusively engaged in social interaction analysis. Exclusivity of specialization was found for no other function anywhere in the brain...
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521831/the-sitless-project-exercise-referral-schemes-enhanced-by-self-management-strategies-to-battle-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Maria Giné-Garriga, Laura Coll-Planas, Míriam Guerra, Àlex Domingo, Marta Roqué, Paolo Caserotti, Michael Denkinger, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Mark A Tully, Frank Kee, Emma McIntosh, Carme Martín-Borràs, Guillermo R Oviedo, Javier Jerez-Roig, Marta Santiago, Oriol Sansano, Guillermo Varela, Mathias Skjødt, Katharina Wirth, Dhayana Dallmeier, Jochen Klenk, Jason J Wilson, Nicole E Blackburn, Manuela Deidda, Guillaume Lefebvre, Denise González, Antoni Salvà
BACKGROUND: Older adults are the fastest growing segment of the world's population. Recent evidence indicates that excessive sitting time is harmful to health, independent of meeting the recommended moderate to vigorous physical activity (PA) guidelines. The SITLESS project aims to determine whether exercise referral schemes (ERS) can be enhanced by self-management strategies (SMSs) to reduce sedentary behaviour (SB), increase PA and improve health, quality of life and function in the long term, as well as psychosocial outcomes in community-dwelling older European citizens from four countries, within a three-armed pragmatic randomised controlled trial, compared with ERS alone and also with general recommendations about PA...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521554/social-factors-predictive-of-social-integration-for-adults-with-brain-injury
#15
Elisabeth Batchos, Amanda Easton, Christopher Haak, Nicole Ditchman
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) may not only struggle with physical and cognitive impairments, but may also face challenges reintegrating into the community socially. Research has demonstrated that following ABI, individuals' social networks tend to dwindle, support may decline, and isolation increases. This study examined factors impacting social integration in a community-based sample of 102 individuals with ABI. METHODS: Potential predictors included emotional support, instrumental support, problem solving confidence, and approach-avoidance style (AAS) of problem solving, while controlling for age, gender, education, and time since injury...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521213/phylogenetic-analysis-of-an-epidemic-outbreak-of-acute-hepatitis-c-in-hiv-infected-patients-by-ultra-deep-pyrosequencing
#16
Noelia Caro-Pérez, María Martínez-Rebollar, Josep Gregori, Josep Quer, Patricia González, Martina Gambato, Neris García-González, Fernando González-Candelas, Josep Costa, Juan Ignacio Esteban, Josep Mallolas, Xavier Forns, Montse Laguno, Sofía Pérez-Del-Pulgar
BACKGROUND: The incidence of acute hepatitis C (AHC) among HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) has increased significantly in the last 10 years. Several studies point to a social and sexual network of HIV-positive MSM that extends internationally. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate the dynamics of HCV transmission in an outbreak of AHC in HIV-infected MSM in Barcelona by ultra-deep pyrosequencing. STUDY DESIGN: Between 2008 and 2013, 113 cases of AHC in HIV-infected MSM were diagnosed in the Infectious Diseases Unit, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517968/a-community-based-qualitative-study-of-intergenerational-resilience-with-palestinian-refugee-families-facing-structural-violence-and-historical-trauma
#17
Devin G Atallah
The purpose of this study was to explore resilience processes in Palestinian refugee families living under Israeli occupation for multiple generations. Qualitative methods, critical postcolonial theories, and community-based research approaches were used to examine intergenerational protective practices and to contribute to reconceptualizations of resilience from indigenous perspectives. First, the researcher developed a collaborative partnership with a nongovernmental organization (NGO) in a UN refugee camp in the occupied West Bank...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516340/social-studying-and-learning-among-medical-students-a%C3%A2-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Daniela Keren, Jocelyn Lockyer, Rachel H Ellaway
INTRODUCTION: Medical students study in social groups, which influence their learning, but few studies have investigated the characteristics of study groups and the impacts they have on students' learning. A scoping review was conducted on the topic of informal social studying and learning within medical education with the aim of appraising what is known regarding medical student attitudes to group study, the impact of group study on participants, and the methods that have been employed to study this...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515963/eliminating-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-aids-clinical-trials-in-the-united-states-a-qualitative-exploration-of-an-efficacious-social-behavioral-intervention
#19
Amanda Ritchie, Marya Viorst Gwadz, David Perlman, Rebecca De Guzman, Noelle R Leonard, Charles M Cleland
BACKGROUND: African American/Black and Hispanic persons living with HIV (AABH-PLWH) are under-represented in AIDS clinical trials (ACTs) in the United States. Barriers AABH-PLWH experience to ACTs are multi-faceted, including distrust of medical research, low levels of knowledge, unsupportive social norms, lack of referral, and challenges navigating ACT systems. In past research we found a multi-component peer-driven intervention was efficacious in boosting rates of screening for/enrollment into ACTs...
January 2017: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511286/who-achieves-low-risk-drinking-during-alcohol-treatment-an-analysis-of-patients-in-three-alcohol-clinical-trials
#20
Katie Witkiewitz, Matthew R Pearson, Kevin A Hallgren, Stephen A Maisto, Corey R Roos, Megan Kirouac, Adam D Wilson, Kevin A Montes, Nick Heather
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is evidence that low risk drinking is possible during the course of alcohol treatment and can be maintained following treatment. Our aim was to identify characteristics associated with low risk drinking during treatment in a large sample of individuals as they received treatment for alcohol dependence. DESIGN: Integrated analysis of data from the COMBINE study, Project MATCH, and the United Kingdom Alcohol Treatment Trial using repeated measures latent class analysis to identify patterns of drinking and predictors of low risk drinking patterns during treatment...
May 16, 2017: Addiction
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