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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646250/assessing-competence-at-a-higher-level-among-older-adults-development-of-the-japan-science-and-technology-agency-index-of-competence-jst-ic
#1
Hajime Iwasa, Yukie Masui, Hiroki Inagaki, Yuko Yoshida, Hiroyuki Shimada, Rika Otsuka, Kazunori Kikuchi, Kumiko Nonaka, Hiroto Yoshida, Hideyo Yoshida, Takao Suzuki
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Older adults' ever-improving health and changing lifestyles necessitate the development of a scale that can better measure their competence at a higher level. We developed the Japan Science and Technology Agency Index of Competence (JST-IC) via item analysis and assessed its psychometric properties. METHODS: Participants were 1306 community-dwelling older adults (623 men and 683 women, 74.0 ± 2.8 years old) who completed the 54-item draft JST-IC to determine their level of independence...
June 23, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645251/improving-early-detection-initiatives-a-qualitative-study-exploring-perspectives-of-older-people-and-professionals
#2
Manon Lette, Annerieke Stoop, Lidwien C Lemmens, Yvette Buist, Caroline A Baan, Simone R de Bruin
BACKGROUND: A wide range of initiatives on early detection and intervention have been developed to proactively identify problems related to health and wellbeing in (frail) older people, with the aim of supporting them to live independently for as long as possible. Nevertheless, it remains unclear what the best way is to design such initiatives and how older people's needs and preferences can be best addressed. This study aimed to address this gap in the literature by exploring: 1) older people's perspectives on health and living environment in relation to living independently at home; 2) older people's needs and preferences in relation to initiating and receiving care and support; and 3) professionals' views on what would be necessary to enable the alignment of early detection initiatives with older people's own needs and preferences...
June 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644695/peer-supported-open-dialogue-a-thematic-analysis-of-trainee-perspectives-on-the-approach-and-training
#3
Tom Stockmann, Lisa Wood, Gabriela Enache, Frankie Withers, Lauren Gavaghan, Russell Razzaque
BACKGROUND: Open Dialogue (OD) is a Finnish social network based model of care, with practice and organisational aspects. Peer-supported Open Dialogue (POD) is a UK version involving peer workers, whose contributions include building on fragmented social networks. Fifty-four NHS staff undertook the first training in POD between 2014 and 2015. The training course was organised as four separate residential weeks, together with reflective sharing on an online platform. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the perspectives of the POD trainees on the training and the POD approach...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644610/mzmine-2-data-preprocessing-to-enhance-molecular-networking-reliability
#4
Florent Olivon, Gwendal Grelier, Fanny Roussi, Marc Litaudon, David Touboul
Molecular networking is becoming more and more popular into the metabolomic community to organize tandem mass spectrometry (MS2) data. Even though this approach allows the treatment and comparison of large data sets, several drawbacks related to the MS-Cluster tool routinely used on the Global Natural Product Social Molecular Networking platform (GNPS) limit its potential. MS-Cluster cannot distinguish between chromatography well-resolved isomers as retention times are not taken into account. Annotation with predicted chemical formulas is also not implemented and semi-quantification is only based on the number of MS2 scans...
June 23, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643241/socio-demographic-characteristics-sexual-and-test-seeking-behaviours-amongst-men-who-have-sex-with-both-men-and-women-results-from-a-bio-behavioural-survey-in-13-european-cities
#5
Massimo Mirandola, Lorenzo Gios, Nigel Sherriff, John Pachankis, Igor Toskin, Laia Ferrer, Sónia Dias, Inga Velicko, Danica Staneková, Saulius Caplinskas, Emilia Naseva, Marta Niedźwiedzka-Stadnik
Within the MSM population, men who have sex with both men and women (MSMW) are identified as a high-risk group both worldwide and in Europe. In a multi-centred bio-behavioural cross-sectional study, we aimed to assess the relationship(s) between socio-demographic factors, stigma, sexual behavioural patterns, test seeking behaviour and sero-status amongst MSMW. A multi-level analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with being MSMW versus Men who have Sex with Men Only (MSMO). A total of 4901 MSM were enrolled across the 13 study sites...
June 22, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640509/meeting-the-needs-of-critical-care-patients-after-discharge-home-a-qualitative-exploratory-study-of-patient-perspectives
#6
Laura Allum, Bronwen Connolly, Eamonn McKeown
BACKGROUND: With improved survival rates in critical care, increasing focus is being placed on survivorship and how best to support patients in returning to their former activity. Little is known about what support patients themselves view as important, and this has implications for the efficacy and acceptability of services provided. OBJECTIVES: To describe former critical care patients' perspectives on the support needed to optimize recovery. STUDY DESIGN: This is a qualitative exploratory study of the experiences of support received by critical care survivors...
June 22, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639293/-although-we-re-isolated-we-re-not-really-isolated-the-value-of-information-and-communication-technology-for-older-people-in-rural-australia
#7
Turi Berg, Rachel Winterton, Maree Petersen, Jeni Warburton
OBJECTIVE: Drawing from a larger study that identified the supports and services that facilitate wellness among older people from rural communities, this study examined the specific contribution made by information and communication technology (ICT). METHODS: Qualitative interviews were undertaken with 60 older adults from six Australian rural areas. A preliminary thematic analysis was conducted, followed by a higher-order inductive analysis. RESULTS: Information and communication technology use was discussed in terms of individual enrichment, and in terms of enabling connections between the individual and their social networks, community and wider service environments...
June 22, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637228/application-of-social-network-analysis-in-the-assessment-of-organization-infrastructure-for-service-delivery-a-three-district-case-study-from-post-conflict-northern-uganda
#8
Freddie Ssengooba, Vincent Kawooya, Justine Namakula, Suzanne Fustukian
In post-conflict settings, service coverage indices are unlikely to be sustained if health systems are built on weak and unstable inter-organization networks-here referred to as infrastructure. The objective of this study was to assess the inter-organization infrastructure that supports the provision of selected health services in the reconstruction phase after conflict in northern Uganda. Applied social network analysis was used to establish the structure, size and function among organizations supporting the provision of (1) HIV treatment, (2) maternal delivery services and (3) workforce strengthening...
June 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636665/monitoring-obesity-prevalence-in-the-united-states-through-bookmarking-activities-in-online-food-portals
#9
Christoph Trattner, Denis Parra, David Elsweiler
Studying the impact of food consumption on people's health is a serious matter for its implications on public policy, but it has traditionally been a slow process since it requires information gathered through expensive collection processes such as surveys, census and systematic reviews of research articles. We argue that this process could be supported and hastened using data collected via online social networks. In this work we investigate the relationships between the online traces left behind by users of a large US online food community and the prevalence of obesity in 47 states and 311 counties in the US...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635972/experiences-and-concerns-of-lesbian-gay-or-bisexual-survivors-of-colorectal-cancer
#10
Allyson Baughman, Melissa A Clark, Ulrike Boehmer
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To identify the experiences and needs of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) survivors of colorectal cancer (CRC) and to expand the current understanding of LGB survivorship by obtaining in-depth knowledge of survivorship among individuals with a cancer other than breast or prostate. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative, semistructured individual interviews via telephone.
. SETTING: Participants were recruited using social media, flyers, word of mouth, and contact with LGB and cancer organizations during a four-month period...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634747/evaluation-of-vaccination-strategies-for-sir-epidemics-on-random-networks-incorporating-household-structure
#11
Frank Ball, David Sirl
This paper is concerned with the analysis of vaccination strategies in a stochastic susceptible [Formula: see text] infected [Formula: see text] removed model for the spread of an epidemic amongst a population of individuals with a random network of social contacts that is also partitioned into households. Under various vaccine action models, we consider both household-based vaccination schemes, in which the way in which individuals are chosen for vaccination depends on the size of the households in which they reside, and acquaintance vaccination, which targets individuals of high degree in the social network...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633986/gray-matter-abnormalities-in-non-comorbid-medication-naive-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-or-social-anxiety-disorder
#12
Youjin Zhao, Lizhou Chen, Wenjing Zhang, Yuan Xiao, Chandan Shah, Hongru Zhu, Minlan Yuan, Huaiqiang Sun, Qiang Yue, Zhiyun Jia, Wei Zhang, Weihong Kuang, Qiyong Gong, Su Lui
BACKGROUND: An overlap of clinical symptoms between major depressive disorder (MDD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) suggests that the two disorders exhibit similar brain mechanisms. However, few studies have directly compared the brain structures of the two disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the gray matter volume (GMV) and cortical thickness alterations between non-comorbid medication-naive MDD patients and SAD patients. METHODS: High-resolution T1-weighted images were acquired from 37 non-comorbid MDD patients, 24 non-comorbid SAD patients and 41 healthy controls (HCs)...
June 15, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633369/fine-subdivisions-of-the-semantic-network-supporting-social-and-sensory-motor-semantic-processing
#13
Nan Lin, Xiaoying Wang, Yangwen Xu, Xiaosha Wang, Huimin Hua, Ying Zhao, Xingshan Li
Neuroimaging studies have consistently indicated that semantic processing involves a brain network consisting of multimodal cortical regions distributed in the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes. However, little is known about how semantic information is organized and processed within the network. Some recent studies have indicated that sensory-motor semantic information modulates the activation of this network. Other studies have indicated that this network responds more to social semantic information than to other information...
June 15, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628618/solving-the-influence-maximization-problem-reveals-regulatory-organization-of-the-yeast-cell-cycle
#14
David L Gibbs, Ilya Shmulevich
The Influence Maximization Problem (IMP) aims to discover the set of nodes with the greatest influence on network dynamics. The problem has previously been applied in epidemiology and social network analysis. Here, we demonstrate the application to cell cycle regulatory network analysis for Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Fundamentally, gene regulation is linked to the flow of information. Therefore, our implementation of the IMP was framed as an information theoretic problem using network diffusion. Utilizing more than 28,000 regulatory edges from YeastMine, gene expression dynamics were encoded as edge weights using time lagged transfer entropy, a method for quantifying information transfer between variables...
June 19, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627941/detecting-social-cognitive-deficits-after-traumatic-brain-injury-an-ale-meta-analysis-of-fmri-studies
#15
Hui Xiao, Andre Jacobsen, Ziqian Chen, Yang Wang
PURPOSE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can result in significant social dysfunction, which is represented by impairment to social-cognitive abilities (i.e. social cognition, social attention/executive function and communication). This study is aimed to explore brain networks mediating the social dysfunction after TBI and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We performed a quantitative meta-analysis using the activation likelihood estimation (ALE) approach on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies of social-cognitive abilities following TBI...
June 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627938/-i-ve-got-somebody-there-someone-cares-what-support-is-most-valued-following-a-stroke
#16
Sarah Northcott, Katerina Hilari
PURPOSE: There is often a need for increased support following a stroke. This study explored what types of support are provided by different network members and what support functions are most valued. METHODS: Adults with first stroke were recruited from a stroke unit and participated in in-depth interviews 8-15 months poststroke. Framework Analysis was used to build thematic and explanatory accounts of the data. RESULTS: Twenty-nine participants took part...
June 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626845/temporally-factorized-network-modeling-for-evolutionary-network-analysis
#17
Wenchao Yu, Charu C Aggarwal, Wei Wang
The problem of evolutionary network analysis has gained increasing attention in recent years, because of an increasing number of networks, which are encountered in temporal settings. For example, social networks, communication networks, and information networks continuously evolve over time, and it is desirable to learn interesting trends about how the network structure evolves over time, and in terms of other interesting trends. One challenging aspect of networks is that they are inherently resistant to parametric modeling, which allows us to truly express the edges in the network as functions of time...
February 2017: Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Web Search & Data Mining. International Conference on Web Search & Data Mining
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625193/place-based-social-contact-and-mixing-a-typology-of-generic-meeting-places-of-relevance-for-infectious-disease-transmission
#18
M Strömgren, E Holm, Ö Dahlström, J Ekberg, H Eriksson, A Spreco, T Timpka
This study aims to develop a typology of generic meeting places based on social contact and mixing of relevance for infectious disease transmission. Data were collected by means of a contact diary survey conducted on a representative sample of the Swedish population. The typology is derived from a cluster analysis accounting for four dimensions associated with transmission risk: visit propensity and its characteristics in terms of duration, number of other persons present and likelihood of physical contact...
June 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624635/identification-and-interaction-of-multiple-stressors-in-central-european-lowland-rivers
#19
Jan U Lemm, Christian K Feld
Interactions of multiple stressors in lotic systems have received growing interest and have been analysed in a growing number of studies using experiment and survey data. In this study, we present a protocol to identify, display and analyse stressors of rivers and their interactions (additive, synergistic or antagonistic). We used a dataset of 125 samples of central European lowland rivers comprising hydromorphological, physico-chemical and land use stressor and pressure variables as well as benthic macroinvertebrate traits as biological response variables...
June 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623348/a-unified-framework-for-complex-networks-with-degree-trichotomy-based-on-markov-chains
#20
David Shui Wing Hui, Yi-Chao Chen, Gong Zhang, Weijie Wu, Guanrong Chen, John C S Lui, Yingtao Li
This paper establishes a Markov chain model as a unified framework for describing the evolution processes in complex networks. The unique feature of the proposed model is its capability in addressing the formation mechanism that can reflect the "trichotomy" observed in degree distributions, based on which closed-form solutions can be derived. Important special cases of the proposed unified framework are those classical models, including Poisson, Exponential, Power-law distributed networks. Both simulation and experimental results demonstrate a good match of the proposed model with real datasets, showing its superiority over the classical models...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
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