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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724588/automatic-measurement-of-prosody-in-behavioral-variant-ftd
#1
Naomi Nevler, Sharon Ash, Charles Jester, David J Irwin, Mark Liberman, Murray Grossman
OBJECTIVE: To help understand speech changes in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), we developed and implemented automatic methods of speech analysis for quantification of prosody, and evaluated clinical and anatomical correlations. METHODS: We analyzed semi-structured, digitized speech samples from 32 patients with bvFTD (21 male, mean age 63 ± 8.5, mean disease duration 4 ± 3.1 years) and 17 matched healthy controls (HC). We automatically extracted fundamental frequency (f0, the physical property of sound most closely correlating with perceived pitch) and computed pitch range on a logarithmic scale (semitone) that controls for individual and sex differences...
July 19, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724332/common-and-distinct-neural-networks-involved-in-fmri-studies-investigating-morality-an-ale-meta-analysis
#2
Robert Eres, Winnifred R Louis, Pascal Molenberghs
Morality is an important social construct necessary for understanding what is right and wrong. Neuroimaging studies investigating morality have used a wide variety of paradigms and implicated many different brain areas. Yet, it remains unclear whether differences amongst morality tasks are the cause for such heterogeneous findings. Therefore, in the present study, a series of activation likelihood estimation (ALE) meta-analyses were conducted on 123 datasets (inclusive of 1963 participants) to address this question...
July 20, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723654/disrupted-small-world-brain-network-topology-in-pure-conduct-disorder
#3
Feng-Mei Lu, Jian-Song Zhou, Jiang Zhang, Xiao-Ping Wang, Zhen Yuan
OBJECTIVES: Conduct disorder (CD) is characterized by the violation of the rights of others or basic social rules and a repetitive, persistent pattern of antisocial and aggressive behaviors. A large number of functional and structural neuroimaging studies have identified widely abnormalities in specific brain regions in CD, but the alterations in the topological organization of functional networks among them remain largely unknown. METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging was applied to investigate the intrinsic functional connectivity in 18 pure CD patients and eighteen typically developing healthy controls...
July 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722771/navigating-and-negotiating-information-and-support-experiences-of-first-time-mothers
#4
Megan Aston, Sheri Price, Joelle Monaghan, Meaghan Sim, Andrea Hunter, Victoria Little
AIM: To examine how first time mothers in Nova Scotia (NS) identified and prioritized their own postpartum needs and where they went for information and support, inclusive of informal or formal programs and services, social media, family and friends. BACKGROUND: The early postpartum period is an exciting, yet stressful life experience for first time mothers. Mothers have often turned to families, friends and health care professionals for support and information; however, these social networks look differently today due to changes in institutional policies and postpartum health care practices, as well as the emergence of online resources and networks...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722644/children-diagnosed-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-their-parents-a-qualitative-study-about-perceptions-of-living-with-apd
#5
Sarah Lawton, Suzanne C Purdy, Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren
BACKGROUND: Negative psychosocial consequences have been reported for children with auditory processing disorder (APD). The current literature surrounding APD does not sufficiently address the emotional and psychological consequences of living with the disorder. It is recommended that data be collected from multiple sources, including the child living with APD. Subjective reports of the perceptions of children with APD and their families have real-life validity and can inform clinical decisions and guide future research...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719651/link-prediction-on-twitter
#6
Sanda Martinčić-Ipšić, Edvin Močibob, Matjaž Perc
With over 300 million active users, Twitter is among the largest online news and social networking services in existence today. Open access to information on Twitter makes it a valuable source of data for research on social interactions, sentiment analysis, content diffusion, link prediction, and the dynamics behind human collective behaviour in general. Here we use Twitter data to construct co-occurrence language networks based on hashtags and based on all the words in tweets, and we use these networks to study link prediction by means of different methods and evaluation metrics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712430/social-networks-and-patterns-of-health-risk-behaviours-over-two-decades-a-multi-cohort-study
#7
Maarit Kauppi, Marko Elovainio, Sari Stenholm, Marianna Virtanen, Ville Aalto, Markku Koskenvuo, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera
OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations between social network size and subsequent long-term health behaviour patterns, as indicated by alcohol use, smoking, and physical activity. METHODS: Repeat data from up to six surveys over a 15- or 20-year follow-up were drawn from the Finnish Public Sector study (Raisio-Turku cohort, n=986; Hospital cohort, n=7307), and the Health and Social Support study (n=20,115). Social network size was determined at baseline, and health risk behaviours were assessed using repeated data from baseline and follow-up...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710926/speech-and-language-therapy-service-delivery-overcoming-limited-provision-for-children
#8
L M T Jesus, J Martinez, A R Valente, M C Costa
OBJECTIVES: To test an alternative Speech and Language Therapy (SLT) service delivery model based on partnerships between a University and local schools and charities, and to report on the impact and feasibility of intervention based on long-term outcome measures and three case studies with individual analysis of Reliable Change. STUDY DESIGN: The following six-step model was tested: 1-establishing partnerships; 2-flagging children; 3-pre-treatment SLT assessment; 4-reporting and discussion with parents and teachers; 5-treatment; 6-post-treatment assessment...
July 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710056/health-related-coping-and-social-interaction-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-supported-by-a-social-network-pilot-study-with-a-new-methodological-approach
#9
Luigi Lavorgna, Antonio Russo, Manuela De Stefano, Roberta Lanzillo, Sabrina Esposito, Fatemeh Moshtari, Francesco Rullani, Kyrie Piscopo, Daniela Buonanno, Vincenzo Brescia Morra, Antonio Gallo, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Simona Bonavita
BACKGROUND: Social media are a vital link for people with health concerns who find in Web communities a valid and comforting source for information exchange, debate, and knowledge enrichment. This aspect is important for people affected by chronic diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS), who are very well informed about the disease but are vulnerable to hopes of being cured or saved by therapies whose efficacy is not always scientifically proven. To improve health-related coping and social interaction for people with MS, we created an MS social network (SMsocialnetwork...
July 14, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708848/predicting-all-cause-risk-of-30-day-hospital-readmission-using-artificial-neural-networks
#10
Mehdi Jamei, Aleksandr Nisnevich, Everett Wetchler, Sylvia Sudat, Eric Liu
Avoidable hospital readmissions not only contribute to the high costs of healthcare in the US, but also have an impact on the quality of care for patients. Large scale adoption of Electronic Health Records (EHR) has created the opportunity to proactively identify patients with high risk of hospital readmission, and apply effective interventions to mitigate that risk. To that end, in the past, numerous machine-learning models have been employed to predict the risk of 30-day hospital readmission. However, the need for an accurate and real-time predictive model, suitable for hospital setting applications still exists...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705185/-you-ve-got-a-friend-in-me-can-social-networks-mediate-the-relationship-between-mood-and-mci
#11
Jennifer A Yates, Linda Clare, Robert T Woods
BACKGROUND: Social networks can change with age, for reasons that are adaptive or unwanted. Social engagement is beneficial to both mental health and cognition, and represents a potentially modifiable factor. Consequently this study explored this association and assessed whether the relationship between mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mood problems was mediated by social networks. METHODS: This study includes an analysis of data from the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study Wales (CFAS Wales)...
July 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704829/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-secondary-traumatization-in-interpreters-for-refugees-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
David Kindermann, Carolin Schmid, Cassandra Derreza-Greeven, Daniel Huhn, Rupert Maria Kohl, Florian Junne, Maritta Schleyer, Judith K Daniels, Beate Ditzen, Wolfgang Herzog, Christoph Nikendei
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of refugees, fleeing persecution, torture, and war, are estimated to suffer from psychological traumatization. After being sheltered in reception centers, the refugees come in close contact with different occupational groups, e.g., physicians, social workers, and interpreters. Previous studies ascertained that such interpreters themselves often suffer from primary psychological traumatization. Moreover, through translating refugees' potentially traumatic depictions, the interpreters are in danger of developing a so-called secondary traumatization...
July 14, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702934/paternal-incarceration-and-adolescent-social-network-disadvantage
#13
Brielle Bryan
Previous research has suggested that adolescent peers influence behavior and provide social support during a critical developmental period, but few studies have addressed the antecedents of adolescent social networks. Research on the collateral consequences of incarceration has explored the implications of parental incarceration for children's behavioral problems, academic achievement, health, and housing stability, but not their social networks. Using network data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, I find that adolescents with recently incarcerated fathers are in socially marginal positions in their schools and befriend more-marginal peers than other adolescents: their friends are less advantaged, less academically successful, and more delinquent than other adolescents' friends...
July 12, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701898/aspects-of-family-caregiving-as-addressed-in-planned-discussions-between-nurses-patients-with-chronic-diseases-and-family-caregivers-a-qualitative-content-analysis
#14
E I Hagedoorn, W Paans, T Jaarsma, J C Keers, C van der Schans, M Louise Luttik
BACKGROUND: Caregiving by family members of elderly with chronic conditions is currently intensifying in the context of an aging population and health care reform in the Netherlands. It is essential that nurses have attention for supporting roles of family caregivers of older patients and address family caregiving aspects on behalf of the continuity of care. This study aims to explore what aspects of family caregiving were addressed during planned discussions between nurses, patients and family caregivers in the hospital...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699121/friendship-dynamics-of-adolescent-aggression-prosocial-behavior-and-social-status-the-moderating-role-of-gender
#15
Huiyoung Shin
Interactions with friends are a salient part of adolescents' experience at school. Adolescents tend to form friendships with similar peers and, in turn, their friends influence adolescents' behaviors and beliefs. The current study investigated early adolescents' selection of friends and friends' influence with regard to physical aggression, prosocial behavior, and popularity and social preference (i.e., likeability) among fifth and sixth graders (N = 736, 52% girls at wave1, N = 677, 52% girls at wave 2) in elementary schools in South Korea...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696840/health-social-workers-sources-of-knowledge-for-decision-making-in-practice
#16
Fiona McDermott, Annabel Henderson, Carol Quayle
This article presents findings from research examining knowledge social workers in a health network in Victoria, Australia identified as informing their decision-making. Data for 13 patients, and in-depth interviews with six social workers who worked with these patients, were studied. A thematic analysis of interviews revealed that participants identified reliance on past experience and contextual/situational information as underpinning their decisions, demonstrating their commitment to person-in-environment perspectives...
July 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695705/all-drinking-is-not-equal-how-a-social-practice-theory-lens-could-enhance-public-health-research-on-alcohol-and-other-health-behaviours
#17
Petra Sylvia Meier, Alan Warde, John Holmes
BACKGROUND: The social meanings, settings and habitual nature of health-related activities and their integration into our daily lives are often overlooked in quantitative public health research. This reflects an overly individualized approach to epidemiological surveillance and evaluations of public health interventions, based on models of behaviour that are rooted in social cognition and rational choice theories. This paper calls for a new approach to alcohol epidemiology and intervention research informed by theories of practice...
July 11, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691867/an-international-survey-of-veterinary-students-to-assess-their-use-of-online-learning-resources
#18
Laura Gledhill, Vicki H M Dale, Sonya Powney, Gemma H L Gaitskell-Phillips, Nick R M Short
Today's veterinary students have access to a wide range of online resources that support self-directed learning. To develop a benchmark of current global student practice in e-learning, this study measured self-reported access to, and use of, these resources by students internationally. An online survey was designed and promoted via veterinary student mailing lists and international organizations, resulting in 1,070 responses. Analysis of survey data indicated that students now use online resources in a wide range of ways to support their learning...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691578/a-hybrid-clustering-and-classification-approach-for-predicting-crash-injury-severity-on-rural-roads
#19
Seyed Hessam-Allah Hasheminejad, Mohsen Zahedi, Seyed Mohammad Hossein Hasheminejad
As a threat for transportation system, traffic crashes have a wide range of social consequences for governments. Traffic crashes are increasing in developing countries and Iran as a developing country is not immune from this risk. There are several researches in the literature to predict traffic crash severity based on artificial neural networks (ANNs), support vector machines and decision trees. This paper attempts to investigate the crash injury severity of rural roads by using a hybrid clustering and classification approach to compare the performance of classification algorithms before and after applying the clustering...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690708/caring-in-the-information-age-personal-online-networks-to-improve-caregiver-support
#20
Emily Piraino, Kerry Byrne, George A Heckman, Paul Stolee
BACKGROUND: It is becoming increasingly important to find ways for caregivers and service providers to collaborate. This study explored the potential for improving care and social support through shared online network use by family caregivers and service providers in home care. METHODS: This qualitative study was guided by Rogers' Theory of Diffusion of Innovations [NY: Free Press; 1995], and involved focus group and individual interviews of service providers (n = 31) and family caregivers (n = 4)...
June 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
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