keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

po

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719921/-patient-s-autonomy-and-information-in-psycho-oncology-computer-based-distress-screening-for-an-interactive-treatment-planning-epos-react
#1
Norbert Schäffeler, Jana Sedelmaier, Hannah Möhrer, Katrin Ziser, Johanna Ringwald, Martin Wickert, Sara Brucker, Florian Junne, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
To identify distressed patients in oncology using screening questionnaires is quite challenging in clinical routine. Up to now there is no evidence based recommendation which instrument is most suitable and how to put a screening to practice. Using computer based screening tools offers the possibility to automatically analyse patient's data, inform psycho-oncological and medical staff about the results, and use reactive questionnaires. Studies on how to empower patients in decision making in psycho-oncology are rare...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719884/increases-from-2002-to-2015-in-prescription-opioid-overdose-deaths-in-combination-with-other-substances
#2
Denise B Kandel, Mei-Chen Hu, Pamela Griesler, Melanie Wall
BACKGROUND: Prescription opioid (PO) overdose deaths increased sharply over the last decade. Changes in PO deaths in combination with other psychoactive substances may provide a partial explanation. METHODS: PO deaths from the National Multiple-Cause-of-Death Files for 2002-03 (N=15,973) and 2014-15 (N=41,491) were analyzed. We calculated (1) changes in proportions of deaths in combination with benzodiazepines, antidepressants, heroin, alcohol, cocaine between the two periods, and (2) proportions of increase in deaths attributable to each substance among PO and synthetic opioids other than methadone (SO-M) deaths, by age, gender, race/ethnicity...
July 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719830/relationship-between-psychological-inflexibility-and-experiential-avoidance-and-internet-addiction-mediating-effects-of-mental-health-problems
#3
Wei-Po Chou, Kun-Hua Lee, Chih-Hung Ko, Tai-Ling Liu, Ray C Hsiao, Hsiu-Fen Lin, Cheng-Fang Yen
Internet addiction became a major mental health problem in college student. Our objective was to examine the relationship between psychological inflexibility and experiential avoidance (PIEA) and Internet addiction (IA) and the mediating effects of mental health problem indicators. 500 college students (238 men and 262 women) participated in this study. The level of PIEA was examined using the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II. The severity of IA was assessed using the Chen Internet Addiction Scale. The levels of depression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity, and hostility were evaluated using the Symptom Checklist-90 item-Revised Scale...
July 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719825/degeneration-of-the-vestibular-nerve-in-unilateral-meniere-s-disease-evaluated-by-galvanic-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials
#4
Chih-Ming Chang, Yi-Ho Young, Fu-Shan Jaw, Chi-Te Wang, Po-Wen Cheng
OBJECTIVE: The staging system of Meniere's disease utilizes audiograms to probe cochlear dysfunction. We explored the addition of galvanic vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) to further explore vestibular function. METHODS: Seventy patients with unilateral Meniere's disease were enrolled in this study. Within 2weeks of diagnosis, all subjects underwent pure tone audiometry, cervical and ocular VEMP, and caloric test. The prevalence of abnormal tests and the VEMP characteristic parameters such as latencies and amplitudes were analyzed...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719273/bungarus-multicinctus-multicinctus-snakebite-in-taiwan
#5
Yan-Chiao Mao, Po-Yu Liu, Liao-Chun Chiang, Shu-Chen Liao, Hung-Yuan Su, Szu-Yin Hsieh, Chen-Chang Yang
AbstractAlthough specific antivenom is available in Taiwan, respiratory failure and general pain frequently accompany Bungarus multicinctus envenomation and there have been few reports on the management of B. multicinctus envenomation. We retrospectively analyzed 44 cases of B. multicinctus bite admitted to Taichung Veterans General Hospital (VGH) or to Taipei VGH. Demographic data, treatment, and outcome of patients with and without respiratory failure were compared. In this study, 20.5% patients had bites without noticeable signs or symptoms of significant envenoming, 27...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719030/polygenic-risk-for-schizophrenia-and-neurocognitive-performance-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#6
Shi-Heng Wang, Po-Chang Hsiao, Ling-Ling Yeh, Chih-Min Liu, Chen-Chung Liu, Tzung-Jeng Hwang, Ming H Hsieh, Yi-Ling Chien, Yi-Ting Lin, Sharon D Chandler, Stephen V Faraone, Nan Laird, Benjamin Neale, Steve A McCarroll, Stephen J Glatt, Ming T Tsuang, Hai-Gwo Hwu, Wei J Chen
Both neurocognitive deficits and schizophrenia are highly heritable. Genetic overlap between neurocognitive deficits and schizophrenia has been observed in both the general population and in clinical samples. This study aimed to examine if the polygenic architecture of susceptibility to schizophrenia modified neurocognitive performance in schizophrenia patients. Schizophrenia polygenic risk scores (PRS) were first derived from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) on schizophrenia, and then the scores were calculated in our independent sample of 1130 schizophrenia trios, who had PsychChip data and were part of the Schizophrenia Families from Taiwan project...
July 18, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717846/effects-of-xylitol-and-sucrose-mint-products-on-streptococcus-mutans-colonization-in-a-dental-simulator-model
#7
Krista M Salli, Ulvi K Gürsoy, Eva M Söderling, Arthur C Ouwehand
Few laboratory methods exist for evaluating the cariogenicity of food ingredients. In this study, a dental simulator was used to determine the effects of commercial sucrose and xylitol mint products on the adherence and planktonic growth of Streptococcus mutans. Solutions (3% w/v) of sucrose, xylitol, sucrose mints, xylitol mints, xylitol with 0.02% peppermint oil (PO), and 0.02% PO alone were used to test the levels of planktonic and adhered S. mutans. A dental simulator with continuous artificial saliva flow, constant temperature, and mixing was used as a test environment and hydroxyapatite (HA) discs were implemented into the model to simulate the tooth surface...
July 17, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717222/fty720-induces-autophagy-associated-apoptosis-in-human-oral-squamous-carcinoma-cells-in-part-through-a-reactive-oxygen-species-mcl-1-dependent-mechanism
#8
Li-Yuan Bai, Chang-Fang Chiu, Shih-Jiuan Chiu, Po-Chen Chu, Jing-Ru Weng
In this study, we interrogated the mechanism by which the immunosuppressant FTY720 mediates anticancer effects in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. FTY720 differentially suppressed the viability of the OSCC cell lines SCC4, SCC25, and SCC2095 with IC50 values of 6.1, 6.3, and 4.5 μM, respectively. This antiproliferative effect was attributable to the ability of FTY720 to induce caspase-dependent apoptosis. Mechanistic evidence suggests that FTY720-induced apoptosis was associated with its ability to inhibit Akt-NF-κB signaling, to facilitate the proteasomal degradation of the antiapoptotic protein Mcl-1, and to increase reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717078/dermatomyositis-induced-by-hepatitis-b-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Jen-Wei Chou, Yin-Lan Lin, Ken-Sheng Cheng, Po-Yuan Wu, Teressa Reanne Ju
Dermatomyositis or polymyositis as a paraneoplastic syndrome of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an uncommon event. Few cases have been reported in the literature. We herein report the case of a 55-year-old man with chronic hepatitis B and alcoholism who presented with skin rash. Abdominal computed tomography revealed multiple hypervascular liver tumors consistent with HCC. He subsequently developed dysphagia with proximal limb weakness. Laboratory tests and electromyography demonstrated inflammatory myopathy...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716364/the-influence-of-breastfeeding-in-breast-fed-infants-with-atopic-dermatitis
#10
Hao-Pai Lin, Bor-Luen Chiang, Hsin-Hui Yu, Jyh-Hong Lee, Yu-Tsan Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Li-Chieh Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether breastfeeding should be discontinued for exclusively breast-fed infants with atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: Eighty-seven exclusively breast-fed infants with AD were enrolled in a prospective observational study. The infants were divided into 3 groups: breastfeeding only (BM group), partial breastfeeding and partial partially hydrolyzed whey formula (pHF-W) (Partial group) and pHF-W only (DC group). The extent and severity of AD were evaluated with the Patient-Oriented SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (PO-SCORAD) index at enrollment and 3 and 6 months later...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716362/phosphoenolpyruvate-phosphotransferase-system-components-positively-regulate-klebsiella-biofilm-formation
#11
Yu-Tze Horng, Chi-Jen Wang, Wen-Ting Chung, Huei-Jen Chao, Yih-Yuan Chen, Po-Chi Soo
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the leading causes of device-related infections (DRIs), which are associated with attachment of bacteria to these devices to form a biofilm. The latter is composed of not only bacteria but also extracellular polymeric substances (EPSes) consisting of extracellular DNAs, polysaccharides, and other macromolecules. The phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP):carbohydrate phosphotransferase system (PTS) regulates diverse processes of bacterial physiology...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716089/greater-periventricular-white-matter-hyperintensity-severity-in-basilar-artery-branch-atheromatous-disease
#12
Po-Chen Lin, Feng-Chi Chang, Hui-Chi Huang, Jui-Yao Tsai, Yung-Yang Lin, Chih-Ping Chung
BACKGROUND: Basilar artery branch atheromatous disease (BABAD), in which basilar artery atheroma occludes penetrating arteries at their origin, is a common etiology of posterior circulation stroke (PCS). It is currently unknown whether white matter hyperintensity(WMH), a marker of small vessel disease(SVD), is associated with BABAD. METHODS: The present study analyzed data from patients with PCS who were enrolled in the Taipei Veterans General Hospital Stroke Registry between January 1, 2010 and February 28, 2014...
July 17, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716052/%C3%AE-arrestin1-mediated-acetylation-of-gli1-regulates-hedgehog-gli-signaling-and-modulates-self-renewal-of-shh-medulloblastoma-cancer-stem-cells
#13
Evelina Miele, Agnese Po, Federica Begalli, Laura Antonucci, Angela Mastronuzzi, Carlo Efisio Marras, Andrea Carai, Danilo Cucchi, Luana Abballe, Zein Mersini Besharat, Giuseppina Catanzaro, Paola Infante, Lucia Di Marcotullio, Gianluca Canettieri, Enrico De Smaele, Isabella Screpanti, Franco Locatelli, Elisabetta Ferretti
BACKGROUND: Aberrant Sonic Hedgehog/Gli (Hh/Gli) signaling pathway is a critical regulator of Sonic hedgehog medulloblastoma (SHH-MB). Cancer stem cells (CSCs), thought to be largely responsible for tumor initiation, maintenance, dissemination and relapse, have been identified in SHH-MB. Since we previously demonstrated that Hh/Gli signaling controls CSCs features in SHH-MB and that in these tumors miR-326 is down regulated, here we investigated whether there is a functional link between Hh/Gli signaling and miR-326...
July 17, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715471/habitat-and-indigenous-gut-microbes-contribute-to-the-plasticity-of-gut-microbiome-in-oriental-river-prawn-during-rapid-environmental-change
#14
Cheng-Yu Chen, Po-Cheng Chen, Francis Cheng-Hsuan Weng, Grace Tzun-Wen Shaw, Daryi Wang
Growing evidence points out that the capacity of organisms to acclimate or adapt to new habitat conditions basically depends on their phenomic plasticity attributes, of which their gut commensal microbiota might be an essential impact factor. Especially in aquatic organisms, which are in direct and continual contact with the aquatic environment, the complex and dynamic microbiota have significant effects on health and development. However, an understanding of the relative contribution of internal sorting (host genetic) and colonization (environmental) processes is still unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714884/design-and-implementation-of-a-smart-home-system-using-multisensor-data-fusion-technology
#15
Yu-Liang Hsu, Po-Huan Chou, Hsing-Cheng Chang, Shyan-Lung Lin, Shih-Chin Yang, Heng-Yi Su, Chih-Chien Chang, Yuan-Sheng Cheng, Yu-Chen Kuo
This paper aims to develop a multisensor data fusion technology-based smart home system by integrating wearable intelligent technology, artificial intelligence, and sensor fusion technology. We have developed the following three systems to create an intelligent smart home environment: (1) a wearable motion sensing device to be placed on residents' wrists and its corresponding 3D gesture recognition algorithm to implement a convenient automated household appliance control system; (2) a wearable motion sensing device mounted on a resident's feet and its indoor positioning algorithm to realize an effective indoor pedestrian navigation system for smart energy management; (3) a multisensor circuit module and an intelligent fire detection and alarm algorithm to realize a home safety and fire detection system...
July 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714537/surgical-outcome-for-empty-nose-syndrome-impact-of-implantation-site
#16
Ta-Jen Lee, Chia-Hsiang Fu, Ching-Lung Wu, Yi-Chan Lee, Chi-Che Huang, Po-Hung Chang, Yi-Wei Chen, Hsiao-Jung Tseng
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Endonasal submucosal implantation has been confirmed to be beneficial for patients with empty nose syndrome (ENS). However, the optimal implantation site has not been defined. This study aimed to evaluate whether lateral nasal wall implantation is superior to inferior nasal wall implantation in terms of clinical benefits and improvements in quality of life. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study in a tertiary medical center. METHODS: Consecutive ENS patients between 2010 and 2015 with operative histories of inferior turbinectomies and indicated for surgical implantation were enrolled, with at least 1-year follow-up...
July 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713903/hsp90-inhibitor-induces-kg-1a-cell-differentiation-and-apoptosis-via-akt-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling
#17
Jin-Hong Qin, Kun Wang, Xin-Lu Fu, Peng-Jun Zhou, Zhong Liu, Dan-Dan Xu, Yi-Fei Wang, De-Po Yang, Qiu-Ling Xie, Qiu-Ying Liu
Heat-shock protein 90 (Hsp 90) acts as a molecular chaperone that maintains protein stability and regulates cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and apoptosis. The present study investigated the effect of Hsp90 inhibition on human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells using the novel small-molecule inhibitor SNX-2112. We found that SNX-2112 more potently inhibited KG-1a cell growth than the classical Hsp90 inhibitor 17-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)amino‑17-demethoxygeldanamycin as determined by CCK-8 assay...
July 7, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713289/mitochondrial-vdac1-a-key-gatekeeper-as-potential-therapeutic-target
#18
REVIEW
Amadou K S Camara, YiFan Zhou, Po-Chao Wen, Emad Tajkhorshid, Wai-Meng Kwok
Mitochondria are the key source of ATP that fuels cellular functions, and they are also central in cellular signaling, cell division and apoptosis. Dysfunction of mitochondria has been implicated in a wide range of diseases, including neurodegenerative and cardiac diseases, and various types of cancer. One of the key proteins that regulate mitochondrial function is the voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1), the most abundant protein on the outer membrane of mitochondria. VDAC1 is the gatekeeper for the passages of metabolites, nucleotides, and ions; it plays a crucial role in regulating apoptosis due to its interaction with apoptotic and anti-apoptotic proteins, namely members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins and hexokinase...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713252/effect-of-postural-control-demands-on-early-visual-evoked-potentials-during-a-subjective-visual-vertical-perception-task-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#19
Yi-Tzu Chang, Ling-Fu Meng, Chun-Ju Chang, Po-Liang Lai, Chi-Wen Lung, Jen-Suh Chern
Subjective visual vertical (SVV) judgment and standing stability were separately investigated among patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Although, one study has investigated the central mechanism of stability control in the AIS population, the relationships between SVV, decreased standing stability, and AIS have never been investigated. Through event-related potentials (ERPs), the present study examined the effect of postural control demands (PDs) on AIS central mechanisms related to SVV judgment and standing stability to elucidate the time-serial stability control process...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712584/the-advantage-of-early-plication-in-children-diagnosed-with-diaphragm-paresis
#20
Alejandro A Floh, Intikhab Zafurallah, Cathy MacDonald, Osami Honjo, Chun-Po S Fan, Peter C Laussen
BACKGROUND: In this single-center study, we sought to determine the frequency of phrenic nerve injury leading to diaphragm paresis (DP) in children following open cardiac surgery over the last 10 years, and to identify possible variables that predict the need for plication and associated clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with DP were identified from departmental databases and a review of clinical diaphragm ultrasound images. A cohort was analyzed for predictors of diaphragm plication and associations with clinical outcomes...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
keyword
keyword
38497
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"