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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914274/the-adaptive-psychological-changes-of-elective-induction-of-labor-in-breastfeeding-women
#1
Vincenzo Zanardo, Martina Bertin, Laura Sansone, Laura Felice
BACKGROUND: Labor induction has been associated with breastfeeding suppression, but reasons for why this association exists have not been well determined. METHODS: We examined the influence of elective labor induction by vaginal prostaglandin at gestational week 41(+3)days on affective, cognitive, and behavioural adaptations early in puerperium and on breastfeeding pattern at 1 and 3months. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty consecutive puerperae were assigned to two groups: mothers having received vaginal prostaglandin E2 gel (Prepidil®, dinoprostone) before labor (PGE group, n=90) and mothers having received no treatment (unmedicated group, n=90)...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914263/positive-effects-of-low-intensity-recorded-maternal-voice-on-physiologic-reactions-in-premature-infants
#2
Negar Sajjadian, Mahboobeh Mohammadzadeh, Peymaneh Alizadeh Taheri, Mamak Shariat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of low intensity recorded maternal voice on the physiologic reactions of healthy premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: Physiologic responses of 20 healthy preterm infants in the NICU of Shariati Hospital, Tehran, were obtained during a 15min intervention including three 5min periods (no-sound control, audio recorded playback of mother's voice, no-sound post-voice). The intervention was presented three times a day for three consecutive days...
November 30, 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914238/intergenerational-transmission-of-child-abuse-and-neglect-do-maltreatment-type-perpetrator-and-substantiation-status-matter
#3
Jessica Dym Bartlett, Chie Kotake, Rebecca Fauth, M Ann Easterbrooks
A maternal history of childhood maltreatment is thought to be a potent risk factor for child abuse and neglect, yet the extent of continuity across generations is unclear, with studies reporting vastly different rates of intergenerational transmission. Disparate findings may be due to lack of attention to the nature of maltreatment experiences in each generation. We sought to expand the current literature by examining the role of maltreatment type, perpetrator identity, and substantiation status of reports to child protective services (CPS) on intergenerational maltreatment among adolescent mothers (n=417) and their children...
November 30, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914189/analysis-of-experiences-with-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-hiv-positive-mothers-in-lusaka-zambia
#4
Alice Ngoma-Hazemba, Busisiwe Purity Ncama
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months offers protection from postnatal HIV infection but remains low in resource-poor settings. Documentation of experiences with exclusive breastfeeding is needed to strengthen infant feeding counselling by health care workers. OBJECTIVE: To explore HIV-positive mothers' experiences with exclusive breastfeeding during the first 6 months of the infant's life. DESIGN: A health facility- and community-based exploratory qualitative study was conducted among 30 HIV-positive mothers practising exclusive breastfeeding and meeting the selection criteria...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914142/attitudes-regarding-hpv-vaccinations-of-children-among-mothers-with-adolescent-daughters-in-korea
#5
Kyong No Lee, Kylie Hae Jin Chang, Seong Sik Cho, Sung Ho Park, Sung Taek Park
The aim of this study, carried out before the beginning of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations as a National Immunization Program (NIP) in Korea in 2016, is to assess the ranges of perceptions and personal experience and their influences on attitudes regarding HPV vaccinations of children, among mothers of adolescent (9-14 years of age) daughters in Korea. From November 2015 to February 2016, we distributed a written questionnaire to mothers who had daughters aged 9-14 years. The questionnaire consisted of several questions, related to knowledge of HPV, personal experiences of HPV vaccination, and attitudes toward HPV vaccinations of their adolescent daughters...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914017/mothers-fathers-and-parental-systems-a-conceptual-model-of-parental-engagement-in-programmes-for-child-mental-health-connect-attend-participate-enact-cape
#6
Patrycja J Piotrowska, L A Tully, R Lenroot, E Kimonis, D Hawes, C Moul, P J Frick, V Anderson, M R Dadds
Parenting programmes are one of the best researched and most effective interventions for reducing child mental health problems. The success of such programmes, however, is largely dependent on their reach and parental engagement. Rates of parental enrolment and attendance are highly variable, and in many cases very low; this is especially true of father involvement in parenting programmes. This paper proposes a conceptual model of parental engagement in parenting programmes-the CAPE model (Connect, Attend, Participate, Enact) that builds on recent models by elaborating on the interdependent stages of engagement, and its interparental or systemic context...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913848/increased-fetal-adiposity-prior-to-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-in-south-asians-more-evidence-for-the-thin-fat-baby
#7
Hema Venkataraman, Uma Ram, Sam Craik, Anuradhai Arungunasekaran, Suresh Seshadri, Ponnusamy Saravanan
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased future risk of obesity in the offspring. Increased adiposity has been observed in the newborns of women with GDM. Our aim was to examine early fetal adiposity in women with GDM. METHODS: Obstetric and sonographic data was collated for 153 women with GDM and 178 controls from a single centre in Chennai, India. Fetal head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), femur length (FL) and biparietal diameter (BPD) were recorded at 11, 20 and 32 weeks...
December 2, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913821/theobromine-upregulates-osteogenesis-by-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-vitro-and-accelerates-bone-development-in-rats
#8
Bret H Clough, Joni Ylostalo, Elizabeth Browder, Eoin P McNeill, Thomas J Bartosh, H Ralph Rawls, Tetsuo Nakamoto, Carl A Gregory
Theobromine (THB) is one of the major xanthine-like alkaloids found in cacao plant and a variety of other foodstuffs such as tea leaves, guarana and cola nuts. Historically, THB and its derivatives have been utilized to treat cardiac and circulatory disorders, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, proteinuria and as an immune-modulator. Our previous work demonstrated that THB has the capacity to improve the formation of hydroxyl-apatite during tooth development, suggesting that it may also enhance skeletal development...
December 2, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913750/congenital-heart-block-and-immune-mediated-sensorineural-hearing-loss-possible-cross-reactivity-of-immune-response
#9
C Bason, I Pagnini, A Brucato, S Maestroni, A Puccetti, C Lunardi, R Cimaz
Immune-mediated sensorineural hearing loss may complicate systemic autoimmune diseases. We have previously reported the presence of antibodies directed against inner ear antigens in patients with Cogan syndrome, a disease characterized by sudden hearing loss and interstitial keratitis. Such autoantibodies cross-react with an epitope of SSA/Ro60 protein. Anti-Ro/SSA antibodies in pregnant women cross the placenta and reach the fetal tissues inducing an immune-mediated damage of the cardiac conduction system...
December 2, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913541/what-is-the-role-of-an-extended-half-life-product-in-immune-tolerance-induction-in-a-patient-with-severe-hemophilia-a-and-high-titer-inhibitors
#10
Maissaa Janbain, Steven Pipe
A 10-year-old boy presents with a history of severe hemophilia A and high-titer inhibitor that had failed high-dose immune tolerance induction (ITI) with a recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) product and a plasma-derived FVIII product. You are asked by his mother whether he should be tried on ITI with an extended half-life product, in particular, consideration of a rFVIIIFc concentrate.
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913056/the-best-of-intentions-a-structural-analysis-of-the-association-between-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-unintended-pregnancy-in-a-sample-of-mothers-from-the-national-longitudinal-survey-of-youth-1979
#11
Akilah Wise, Arline T Geronimus, Pamela J Smock
OBJECTIVES: Births to less educated women are more likely to be classified as unintended than other births. We question a common interpretation that this association reflects a lack of contraceptive knowledge or self-efficacy among less educated women. We theorize that differences in early life educational advantages structure pregnancy desires and the salience and opportunity costs of precise fertility timing. We hypothesize that net of covariates indicative of early educational disadvantage, mothers with less education are not more likely to report births as unintended compared with mothers who have attained higher levels of education before becoming mothers...
November 29, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912038/high-levels-of-chemokine-c-c-motif-ligand-20-in-human-milk-and-its-production-by-oral-keratinocytes
#12
Alan G Lourenço, Marilena C Komesu, Geraldo Duarte, Luiz A Del Ciampo, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Aparecida Y Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Chemokine C-C motif ligand 20 (CCL20) is implicated in the formation and function of mucosal lymphoid tissues. Although CCL20 is secreted by many normal human tissues, no studies have evaluated the presence of CCL20 in human milk or its production by oral keratinocytes stimulated by human milk. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of CCL20 in breast milk and verify CCL20 secretion in vitro by oral keratinocytes stimulated with human and bovine milk, as well as its possible association with breast milk lactoferrin levels...
December 2, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912014/why-do-larger-mothers-produce-larger-offspring-a-test-of-classic-theory
#13
Hayley Cameron, Keyne Monro, Martino Malerba, Stephan Munch, Dustin Marshall
Across a wide range of taxa, larger mothers produce larger offspring. Theory assumes that larger, more fecund mothers create higher local densities of siblings, and so larger mothers produce larger offspring to offset sibling competition. This assumption has been debated for over 30 yr, but direct empirical tests are surprisingly rare. Here, we test two key assumptions of classic theories that predict sibling competition drives maternal-size-offspring-size (MSOS) correlations: (1) independent effects of offspring size and sibling density on offspring performance or (2) as a product of an interaction between these two factors...
December 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911716/wasp-family-proteins-more-than-arp2-3-activators
#14
REVIEW
Joe J Tyler, Ellen G Allwood, Kathryn R Ayscough
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) family proteins have been extensively characterized as factors that promote the nucleation of actin through the activation of the protein complex Arp2/3. While yeast mostly have a single member of the family, mammalian cells have at least six different members, often with multiple isoforms. Members of the family are characterized by a common structure. Their N-termini are varied and are considered to confer spatial and temporal regulation of Arp2/3-activating activity, whereas their C-terminal half contains a polyproline-rich region, one or more WASP homology-2 (WH2) actin-binding domains and motifs that bind directly to Arp2/3...
October 15, 2016: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911391/a-murine-model-of-group-b-streptococcus-vaginal-colonization
#15
Kathryn A Patras, Kelly S Doran
Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus, GBS), is a Gram-positive, asymptomatic colonizer of the human gastrointestinal tract and vaginal tract of 10 - 30% of adults. In immune-compromised individuals, including neonates, pregnant women, and the elderly, GBS may switch to an invasive pathogen causing sepsis, arthritis, pneumonia, and meningitis. Because GBS is a leading bacterial pathogen of neonates, current prophylaxis is comprised of late gestation screening for GBS vaginal colonization and subsequent peripartum antibiotic treatment of GBS-positive mothers...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911332/type-0-spinal-muscular-atrophy-further%C3%A2-delineation-of-prenatal-and%C3%A2-postnatal-features-in-16-patients
#16
Sarah Grotto, Jean-Marie Cuisset, Stéphane Marret, Séverine Drunat, Patricia Faure, Séverine Audebert-Bellanger, Isabelle Desguerre, Vincent Flurin, Anne-Gaëlle Grebille, Anne-Marie Guerrot, Hubert Journel, Gilles Morin, Ghislaine Plessis, Sylvain Renolleau, Joëlle Roume, Brigitte Simon-Bouy, Renaud Touraine, Marjolaine Willems, Thierry Frébourg, Eric Verspyck, Pascale Saugier-Veber
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is caused by homozygous inactivation of the SMN1 gene. The SMN2 copy number modulates the severity of SMA. The 0SMN1/1SMN2 genotype, the most severe genotype compatible with life, is expected to be associated with the most severe form of the disease, called type 0 SMA, defined by prenatal onset. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to review clinical features and prenatal manifestations in this rare SMA subtype. METHODS: SMA patients with the 0SMN1/1SMN2 genotype were retrospectively collected using the UMD-SMN1 France database...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911035/content-validity-of-the-credibility-and-expectancy-questionnaire-in-a-pain-rehabilitation-setting
#17
Vera-Christina Mertens, Albine Moser, Jeanine Verbunt, Rob Smeets, Mariëlle Goossens
: Content validity, the proper reflection of the concept to be measured, is yet unknown for the Credibility and Expectancy Questionnaire (CEQ). It is frequently used in pain rehabilitation because treatment expectancy is influential on the outcome. OBJECTIVE: To test and improve the content validity of the CEQ in a sample of patients with chronic pain in different phases of their treatment. METHODS: A qualitative observational study design using the Three-Step Test-Interview method was used...
December 2, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911012/the-role-of-age-of-disclosure-of-biological-origins-in-the-psychological-wellbeing-of-adolescents-conceived-by-reproductive-donation-a-longitudinal-study-from-age-1-to-age-14
#18
Elena Ilioi, Lucy Blake, Vasanti Jadva, Gabriela Roman, Susan Golombok
BACKGROUND: The question of whether children should be told of their biological origins is one of the most controversial issues regarding the birth of children through donated eggs, sperm, embryos or surrogacy. METHODS: In the sixth phase of this longitudinal study when the children were aged 14 years, family relationships and adolescent adjustment were examined in 87 families created through reproductive donation and 54 natural conception families. The quality of family relationships was assessed by standardised interview with mothers and by standardised questionnaires and an observational measure with mothers and adolescents...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910160/the-experiences-of-fathers-when-their-partners-are-admitted-with-their-infants-to-a-psychiatric-mother-and-baby-unit
#19
Holly Reid, Angelika Wieck, Andrew Matrunola, Anja Wittkowski
: Mothers with severe post-natal mental illness can be admitted with their infant to a psychiatric mother and baby unit (MBU) in the UK. MBUs provide specialist assessment, management and support. Partners of women admitted to MBUs are integral to their recovery but may show reduced wellbeing themselves, yet their support needs have not been investigated. This study aimed to identify how fathers experience the MBU and how they felt supported. A qualitative design was adopted by using a purposive sample of 17 fathers, recruited from a MBU during their partner's admission...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909996/modelling-the-cost-effectiveness-of-human-milk-and-breastfeeding-in-preterm-infants-in-the-united-kingdom
#20
James Mahon, Lindsay Claxton, Hannah Wood
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost savings and health benefits in the UK NHS that could be achieved if human milk usage in the NICU was increased. METHODS: A systematic review established the disease areas with the strong sources of evidence of the short, medium and long-term benefits of human milk for preterm infants as opposed to the use of formula milk. The analysis assessed the economic impact of reducing rates of necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, sudden infant death syndrome, leukaemia, otitis media, obesity and neurodevelopmental impairment...
December 2016: Health Economics Review
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