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Eric M Wilcox, Rick M Thomas, Puppala S Praveen, Kristina Pistone, Frida A-M Bender, Veerabhadran Ramanathan
The introduction of cloud condensation nuclei and radiative heating by sunlight-absorbing aerosols can modify the thickness and coverage of low clouds, yielding significant radiative forcing of climate. The magnitude and sign of changes in cloud coverage and depth in response to changing aerosols are impacted by turbulent dynamics of the cloudy atmosphere, but integrated measurements of aerosol solar absorption and turbulent fluxes have not been reported thus far. Here we report such integrated measurements made from unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) during the CARDEX (Cloud Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Dynamics Experiment) investigation conducted over the northern Indian Ocean...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Barbara W Trautner, M Todd Greene, Sarah L Krein, Heidi L Wald, Sanjay Saint, Andrew J Rolle, Sara McNamara, Barbara S Edson, Lona Mody
OBJECTIVE To assess knowledge about infection prevention among nursing home personnel and identify gaps potentially addressable through a quality improvement collaborative. DESIGN Baseline knowledge assessment of catheter-associated urinary tract infection, asymptomatic bacteriuria, antimicrobial stewardship, and general infection prevention practices for healthcare-associated infections. SETTING Nursing homes across 14 states participating in the national "Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Long-Term Care: Healthcare-Associated Infections/Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection...
October 4, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Jin Guan, Chi Zhang, Yang Wang, Yiguang Guo, Peiting Huang, Longshan Zhao
A new analytical method was developed for simultaneous determination of 12 pharmaceuticals using ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) followed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). Six nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, ketoprofen, mefenamic acid, tolfenamic acid, naproxen, sulindac, and piroxicam) and six antibiotics (tinidazole, cefuroxime axetil, ciprofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole, sulfadiazine, and chloramphenicol) were extracted by ultrasound-assisted DLLME using dichloromethane (800 μL) and methanol/acetonitrile (1:1, v/v, 1200 μL) as the extraction and dispersive solvents, respectively...
September 10, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Tugce Tural Kara, Songul Yilmaz, Halil Ozdemir, Zeynep Birsin Ozcakar, Ahmet Derya Aysev, Ergin Ciftci, Erdal Ince
UNLABELLED: Peritonitis is a serious problem in children receiving peritoneal dialysis. Campylobacter jejuni is an unusual cause of peritonitis. A 10-year-old boy who had end stage renal failure due to atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome was admitted to our hospital with abdominal pain and fever. Peritoneal dialysis fluid was cloudy and microscopic examination showed abundant leukocytes. Intraperitoneal cefepime treatment was started. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from peritoneal dialysis fluid culture and oral clarithromycin was added to the treatment...
October 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Steven A Kahn, Tina L Palmieri, Soman Sen, Jason Woods, Oliver L Gunter
Firefighting is wrought with risk, as 80-100 firefighters (FFs) died on the job each year in the United States. Many of the fatalities have been analyzed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to determine contributing factors. The purpose of this study is to determine variables that put FFs at risk for potentially preventable workplace mortality such as use of personal protective equipment (PPE), seat belts, and appropriate training/fitness/clearance for duty. The NIOSH FF Fatality Database reports from 2009 to 2014 were analyzed...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Monika Sikora, Jarosław Król, Marcin Nowak, Tadeusz Stefaniak, Gudmar Aubertsson, Roland Kozdrowski
BACKGROUND: Endometritis is a common problem in a broodmare practice, often leading to infertility. The diagnosis is based on several methods such as cytology, bacteriology and histopathology; however the outcome of these methods may be inconclusive even when used together. The objectives of this study were: (1) to investigate the usefulness of acute phase proteins as an additional diagnostic tool for diagnosis of subclinical endometritis in mares and (2) to evaluate the association between macroscopic changes in uterine flushes and inflammation of the uterus...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Preeti Borde, Khalifa Elmusharaf, Kevin G McGuigan, Michael B Keogh
BACKGROUND: Communities living in developing countries as well as populations affected by natural or man-made disasters can be left at great risk from water related diseases, especially those spread through the faecal-oral route. Conventional water treatments such as boiling and chlorination can be effective but may prove costly for impoverished communities. Solar water disinfection (SODIS) has been shown to be a cheap and effective way for communities to treat their water. The exposure to sunlight is typically carried out in small volume plastic beverage bottles (up to 2 l)...
2016: BMC Public Health
Anders H Frid, Laurence J Hirsch, Astrid R Menchior, Didier R Morel, Kenneth W Strauss
From February 1, 2014, through June 30, 2015, 13,289 insulin-injecting patients from 423 centers in 42 countries took part in one of the largest surveys ever performed in diabetes. The goal was to assess patient characteristics, as well as historical and practical aspects of their injection technique. Results show that 4- and 8-mm needle lengths are each used by nearly 30% of patients and 5- and 6-mm needles each by approximately 20%. Higher consumption of insulin (as measured by total daily dose) is associated with having lipohypertrophy (LH), injecting into LH, leakage from the injection site, and failing to reconstitute cloudy insulin...
September 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Mir Ali Farajzadeh, Mahdi Bamorowat, Mohammad Reza Afshar Mogaddam
An efficient, reliable, sensitive, rapid, and green analytical method for the extraction and determination of neonicotinoid insecticides in aqueous samples has been developed using ionic liquid phase microextraction coupled with high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector. In this method, a few microliters of 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate (as an extractant) is added onto a ringer tablet and it is transferred into a conical test tube containing aqueous phase of the analytes...
November 1, 2016: Talanta
Filiz Uçan, Erdal Ağçam, Asiye Akyildiz
In this study, bioactive compounds (phenolic and carotenoid) and some quality parameters (color, browning index and hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF)) of natural cloudy lemon juice, pasteurized (90 °C/15 s) and storage stability of concentrated lemon juice (-25 °C/180 days) were carried out. Fifteen phenolic compounds were determined in the lemon juice and the most abounded phenolic compounds were hesperidin, eriocitrin, chlorogenic acid and neoeriocitrin. In generally, phenolic compound concentrations of lemon juice samples increased after the pasteurization treatment...
March 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Edward Hanna, John Penman, Trausti Jónsson, Grant R Bigg, Halldór Björnsson, Sølvi Sjúrðarson, Mads A Hansen, John Cappelen, Robert G Bryant
Here, we analyse high-frequency (1 min) surface air temperature, mean sea-level pressure (MSLP), wind speed and direction and cloud-cover data acquired during the solar eclipse of 20 March 2015 from 76 UK Met Office weather stations, and compare the results with those from 30 weather stations in the Faroe Islands and 148 stations in Iceland. There was a statistically significant mean UK temperature drop of 0.83±0.63°C, which occurred over 39 min on average, and the minimum temperature lagged the peak of the eclipse by about 10 min...
September 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
L Barnard, A M Portas, S L Gray, R G Harrison
The National Eclipse Weather Experiment (NEWEx) was a citizen science project designed to assess the effects of the 20 March 2015 partial solar eclipse on the weather over the United Kingdom (UK). NEWEx had two principal objectives: to provide a spatial network of meteorological observations across the UK to aid the investigation of eclipse-induced weather changes, and to develop a nationwide public engagement activity-based participation of citizen scientists. In total, NEWEx collected 15 606 observations of air temperature, cloudiness and wind speed and direction from 309 locations across the UK, over a 3 h window spanning the eclipse period...
September 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Rajeev Bhat, Kok Ming Goh
Hand-pressed strawberry juice samples were subjected to sonication treatments (0, 15 and 30min at 20°C, 25kHz frequency). Physicochemical properties (°Brix, pH, water activity, viscosity, titratable acidity, cloud assessment and turbidity), antioxidant compounds and activity (total phenolics, ascorbic acid, anthocyanins, free radical scavenging activity), polyphenoloxidase enzyme activity, browning degree and microbial load were evaluated. Results showed non-significant changes for °Brix, pH, water activity, titratable acidity and colour parameters in sonicated samples compared to control (0min)...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Taemi Horikawa, Sara M Thomasy, Amelia A Stanley, Allison S Calderon, Jennifer Li, Lana L Linton, Christopher J Murphy
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of superficial keratectomy and conjunctival advancement hood flap (SKCAHF) for the treatment of bullous keratopathy in canine patients. METHODS: Nine dogs (12 eyes) diagnosed with progressive corneal edema underwent superficial keratectomy followed by placement of conjunctival advancement hood flaps. The canine patients were examined pre- and postoperatively using in vivo confocal microscopy, ultrasonic pachymetry (USP), and Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT)...
October 2016: Cornea
Zolfaghar Aladaghlo, Alireza Fakhari, Mohammad Behbahani
In this work, an efficient sample preparation method termed solvent-assisted dispersive solid-phase extraction was applied. The used sample preparation method was based on the dispersion of the sorbent (benzophenone) into the aqueous sample to maximize the interaction surface. In this approach, the dispersion of the sorbent at a very low milligram level was achieved by inserting a solution of the sorbent and disperser solvent into the aqueous sample. The cloudy solution created from the dispersion of the sorbent in the bulk aqueous sample...
October 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Shulei Li, Lihui Gao, Yijun Cao, Xiahui Gui, Zhen Li
pH-sensitive copolymers have been widely introduced to achieve rapid dewatering and consolidation of solids in mining and oil sands processing wastes. But no more attention has been given to the flocculation efficiency of solid suspensions as a function of pH using pH-sensitive copolymer. In this study, a pH-sensitive copolymer was synthesized and employed to investigate the flocculation behaviors of kaolin by focused beam reflectance measurement (FBRM). A titration test was introduced to characterize the copolymer conformation transition...
2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Maral Ouzounian, Francois Dagenais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Cori L Ofstead, Harry P Wetzler, Ellen A Johnson, Otis L Heymann, Thomas J Maust, Michael J Shaw
BACKGROUND: During a study designed to assess endoscope reprocessing effectiveness, a borescope was used to examine lumens and ports. Cloudy, white, viscous fluid was observed inside fully reprocessed gastroscopes and colonoscopes. This fluid resembled simethicone, which is commonly administered to reduce foam and bubbles that impede visualization during gastrointestinal endoscopy. This article describes methods used to determine whether the observed fluid contained simethicone. METHODS: Photographs of residual fluid were taken using a borescope...
August 3, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Takeshi Kondo, Motonori Takahashi, Seiya Watanabe, Masatomo Ebina, Daisuke Mizu, Koichi Ariyoshi, Migiwa Asano, Yasushi Nagasaki, Yasuhiro Ueno
Ingestion of large amounts of zinc chloride causes corrosive gastroenteritis with vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Some individuals experience shock after ingesting large amounts of zinc chloride, resulting in fatality. Here, we present the results of an administrative autopsy performed on a 70-year-old man who ingested zinc chloride solution and died. After drinking the solution, he developed vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea, and called for an ambulance. Except for tachycardia, his vital signs were stable at presentation...
July 2016: Legal Medicine
Zolfaghar Aladaghlo, Alireza Fakhari, Mohammad Behbahani
In this research, a sample preparation method termed solvent-assisted dispersive solid-phase extraction (SA-DSPE) was applied. The used sample preparation method was based on the dispersion of the sorbent into the aqueous sample to maximize the interaction surface. In this approach, the dispersion of the sorbent at a very low milligram level was received by inserting a solution of the sorbent and disperser solvent into the aqueous sample. The cloudy solution created from the dispersion of the sorbent in the bulk aqueous sample...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
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