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Xiao-Li Yao, Zhao-Hui Yao, Li Li, Li Nie, Shao-Feng Zhang
Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH) induces cognitive deficits. Although CCH can be improved, cognitive impairment is not improved accordingly. To date, many studies have focused on investigating the pathophysiological mechanisms of CCH; however, the treatment of the induced cognitive impairment remains ineffective. Thus, the mechanisms underlying cognitive impairment after CCH and potential agents for treating this impairment need to be explored further. Oxiracetam is a nootropic drug that improves clinical outcomes for some central nervous system (CNS) disorders...
October 4, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Wusan Wang, Hui Ji, Tingting Li, Yuanwei Jia, Haitang Xie
A pharmacokinetic comparison and conformational stability study of S-oxiracetam (S-ORT) and R-oxiracetam (R-ORT) in beagle dogs was used to investigate the possible mechanism of different effects of two oxiracetam enantiomers through a random crossover design. After drug administration to beagle dogs, blood samples were collected at different time points for pharmacokinetic analysis using the UPLC-ESI-MS/MS method. Parts of plasma samples were used for conformation transformation studies using a normal phase high performance liquid chromatographic (NP HPLC) method...
June 1, 2016: Acta Pharmaceutica
Qiuyang Zhang, Wei Yang, Qing Zhang, Yue Yang, Junxiu Li, Yang Lu, Yi Zheng, Jiake He, Di Zhao, Xijing Chen
An enantioselective high-performance liquid chromatography method was developed and validated for the determination of oxiracetam enantiomers, a cognition and memory enhancer, in beagle dog plasma. The plasma samples were prepared by methanol extraction from 200μL plasma, and then the baseline resolution was achieved on a Chiralpak ID column (250mm×4.6mm, 5μm) with mobile phase of hexane-ethanol-trifluoroacetic acid (78:22:0.1, v/v/v) at flow rate of 1.0mL/min. The column elute was monitored using ultraviolet detection at 214nm...
July 1, 2015: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
J Chen, S-N Zhou, Y-M Zhang, Y-L Feng, S Wang
OBJECTIVE: Glycosides of cistanche (GC) is extracted from Xin Jiang Cistanche, which is widely used as a Chinese herb. This study aims to evaluate the effects of GC on vascular dementia (VD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The VD model was established by the ligature of the bilateral common carotid artery in adult Wistar rats, who received daily i. p. administration of saline, GC (10 mg/kg body weight/d, i.p.) or oxiracetam (450 mg/kg body weight/d, i.p) for 14 days. Morris Water Maze test valued cognitive performance of the rats...
April 2015: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Qiuyang Zhang, Wei Yang, Yue Yang, Han Xing, Qing Zhang, Junxiu Li, Yang Lu, Jiake He, Shuoye Yang, Di Zhao, Xijing Chen
Oxiracetam (ORC), a nootropic drug used for improving the cognition and memory, has an asymmetric carbon in its structure and exists as (S)- and (R)-ORC. The pharmacokinetic profiles of racemic oxiracetam and its pure enantiomers in rats were evaluated and compared by enantioselective high-performance liquid chromatography, which was performed on a Chiralpak ID column with a mobile phase of hexane-ethanol-trifluoroacetic acid (78:22:0.1, v/v/v). The method was validated with respect to selectivity, linearity, accuracy and precision, stability and the limit of quantification...
2015: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Jie-Feng Cui, Wei Yang, Yan-Ming Xie, Yong Sun, Yan Zhuang, Yong-Yan Wang
This study aims to explore and analyze the condition of concurrent diseases and medicine use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine among the patients with insomnia. One thousand and sxity seven cases of data from 20 national hospitals' hospital information system (HIS) databases were collected. The frequent concurrent diseases included hypertension (26.9%), brain blood supply insufficiency (24.93%), cerebral infarction (19.49%), blood lipoprotein disturbance (15.28%), coronary heart disease (14...
September 2014: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Chunyan Wang, Fangqin Li, Yu Guan, Lei Zhu, Yiping Fei, Jiadong Zhang, Yujun Pan
This study aimed to investigate the combination effects of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and oxiracetam for ischemic stroke. Forty Sprague Dawley female rats (220 ± 20 g) were subjected to a 2-hour ischemic middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-24 hours reperfusion model. The rats were randomly divided into 4 groups. Rats from BMSCs group, oxiracetam group, and BMSCs + oxiracetam group accepted injection of BMSCs (3 × 10(6) cells), oxiracetam (800 mg/kg), and BMSCs + oxiracetam, respectively. Rats from control group did not receive any interventions after ischemia reperfusion...
November 2014: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Dandan Wang, Shengde Wu
This paper describes a rapid method to determine aceglutamide (ACE) and oxiracetam (OXI) present in an injection formulation using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The method was validated with respect to suitability, linearity, accuracy, precision and robustness. Chromatography was carried out on an Elite SinoChrom ODS-BP C18 (5 μm, 250 × 4.60 mm) column with an isocratic mobile phase composed of methanol-phosphate buffer (pH 3.0) in the ratio of 5:95, v/v, at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min...
May 2015: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Xinhuan Wan, He Wang, Panqin Ma, Long Xi, Jin Sun, Zhonggui He, Xiangrong Zhang, Xiaohong Liu
A simple, rapid and sensitive reversed-phase ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous quantitative determination of oxiracetam and its degraded substance 4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1-pyrrolidine acetic acid (HOPAA) in rat plasma. After plasma samples were deproteinized with acetonitrile, the post-treatment samples were analyzed on a C18 column interfaced with a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer in the positive electrospray ionization mode at a flow rate of 0...
October 15, 2014: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Vittorio Pace, James P Rae, David J Procter
The first asymmetric silylation of unsaturated lactams and amides using Cu(I)-NHC catalysts and PhMe2SiBpin has been accomplished. The method has been exploited in an expedient asymmetric synthesis of the (R)-enantiomer of the nootropic drug oxiracetam.
January 17, 2014: Organic Letters
Dong Wan, Lijun Xue, Huifeng Zhu, Yong Luo
To investigate the role and mechanism of catalpol on neuroprotective effects and memory enhancing effects simultaneously, neuroprotective effects of catalpol were assessed by neurological deficits score, TTC staining, and cerebral blood flow detecting. Morris water maze was employed to investigate its effects on learning and memory and then clarify its possible mechanisms relating the central cholinergic system and BDNF. Edaravone and oxiracetam were used for positive control drugs based on its different action...
2013: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Jian-Wei Li, Dong-Jun Yang, Xu-Yi Chen, Hai-Qian Liang
OBJECTIVE: To study the role of oxiracetam on traumatic brain injury in rats. METHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: sham operation group, model group and treatment group. Feeney method were used to establish traumatic brain injury (TBI) model in rats in model and treatment group, and rats in sham group were only broached without hydraumatic fitted. Rats in treatment group were successive administration for 21 days with oxiracetam (100 mg/kg, ig)...
July 2013: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Duk-Shin Lee, Hea Jin Ryu, Ji-Eun Kim, Hui-Chul Choi, Yeong-In Kim, Hong-Ki Song, Tae-Cheon Kang
PURPOSE: Levetiracetam has been reported to be well tolerated and effective in status epilepticus (SE) refractory to benzodiazepine. Because of little preclinical or clinical data concerning the outcomes of LEV in SE-induced neuronal death and vasogenic edema, we investigated the effect of LEV on SE-induced injury in comparison to diazepam (DZP), and valproate (VPA). METHODS: Two hours after pilocarpine-induced SE, rats were given one of the following drugs; (1) DZP, (2) LEV, (3) VPA, (4) DZP+LEV, (5) DZP+VPA, and (6) DZP+oxiracetam...
June 2013: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Wei Ma, Huanxin Xu, Zuozhen Liu, Fanghong Ning
A monolithic column of macro porous poly (glycidyl methacrylate-divinylbenzene) (poly(GMA-DVB)) has been prepared by free radical polymerization within the confines of a chromatographic stainless steel tube (50 mm x 4.6 mm). For the best separation and low back pressure, orthogonal experiments were carried out with V (cyclohexanol): V (dodecanol), V (GMA): V (DVB) and BPO dosage as the three main factors. The characteristic feature of the column, including specific surface area, pore volume as well as pore diameter distribution, was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), mercury intrusion porosimetry analysis and BET analysis...
February 2010: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
Xianqin Wang, Jiayin Zhu, Renai Xu, Xuezhi Yang, Haiya Wu, Dan Lin, Faqing Ye, Lufeng Hu
A sensitive and selective liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the determination of piracetam in rat plasma was developed and validated over the concentration range of 0.1-20 µg/mL. After addition of oxiracetam as internal standard, a simplified protein precipitation with trichloroacetic acid (5%) was employed for the sample preparation. Chromatographic separation was performed by a Zorbax SB-Aq column (150 × 2.1 mm, 3.5 µm). The mobile phase was acetonitrile-1% formic acid in water (10:90 v/v) delivered at a flow rate of 0...
October 2010: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
V V Iasnetsov, S K Karsanova, Iu V Ivanov
In experiments with mice closed in airtight and altitude chambers mexicor effectiveness against hypoxia was evident only at the dose of 100 mg/kg; effect was nil against acute hemic and histotoxic hypoxia. The reference antihypoxic substance (amtisol succinate, 25-100 mg/kg) excelled mexicor in all models of acute hypoxia. In the model of cerebral infarct in rats, the mexicor neuroprotective effect at the doses from 12.5 to 100 mg/kg was dose-dependent with a nearly linear trend and significantly stronger as compared to amtisol succinate...
November 2009: Aviakosmicheskaia i Ekologicheskaia Meditsina, Aerospace and Environmental Medicine
Andrei G Malykh, M Reza Sadaie
There is an increasing interest in nootropic drugs for the treatment of CNS disorders. Since the last meta-analysis of the clinical efficacy of piracetam, more information has accumulated. The primary objective of this systematic survey is to evaluate the clinical outcomes as well as the scientific literature relating to the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, mechanism of action, dosing, toxicology and adverse effects of marketed and investigational drugs. The major focus of the literature search was on articles demonstrating evidence-based clinical investigations during the past 10 years for the following therapeutic categories of CNS disorders: (i) cognition/memory; (ii) epilepsy and seizure; (iii) neurodegenerative diseases; (iv) stroke/ischaemia; and (v) stress and anxiety...
February 12, 2010: Drugs
Zdenek Hlinák, Ivan Krejcí
The social recognition paradigm was used to investigate the effect of trimethyltin (TMT) in adult male rats. Consequently, the effect of chronic oxiracetam (OXI) treatment in TMT impaired animals was evaluated. In all experiments, a behavioural testing was performed 3 weeks after TMT administration. Experiment 1: A single TMT oral dose, 5 and 7.5 but not 2.5mg/kg, impaired the natural ability of the adults to recognize a juvenile conspecific that they encountered 30 min before. The dose of 5mg/kg TMT was chosen to be used in subsequent experiments...
June 20, 2005: Behavioural Brain Research
Yurie Nakamoto, Tadashi Shiotani, Shigeo Watabe, Toshitaka Nabeshima, Mitsunobu Yoshii
Piracetam and structurally related nootropics are known to potentiate the anticonvulsant effects of antiepileptic drugs. It remains to be seen, however, whether these nootropics inhibit proconvulsant actions of many toxic agents including Ro 5-4864, a specific agonist for peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors (PBR). The present study was designed to address this issue using EL mice, an animal model of epilepsy. In behavioral pharmacological experiments, EL mice were highly susceptible to convulsions induced by Ro 5-4864 (i...
October 2004: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Junghyun Son, Jaeick Lee, Mijin Lee, Eunyoung Lee, Jung Hwa Lee, Sookie La, Dong-Hyun Kim
A rapid and accurate reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for the quantitative determination of oxiracetam in human plasma. Oxiracetam, a highly polar compound, was successfully retained by Atlantis dC18 reversed-phase column and detected with triple-quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry. After addition of internal standard (piracetam) to human plasma, plasma was simply precipitated with two volume of acetonitrile, evaporated and dissolved in 0...
November 15, 2004: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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