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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456825/multi-stakeholder-perspectives-on-access-availability-and-utilization-of-emergency-obstetric-care-services-in-lagos-nigeria-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Kikelomo Wright, Olatunji Sonoiki, Onaedo Ilozumba, Babatunde Ajayi, Olawunmi Okikiolu, Oluwarotimi Akinola
Globally, Nigeria is the second most unsafe country to be pregnant, with Lagos, its economic nerve center having disproportionately higher maternal deaths than the national average. Emergency obstetric care (EmOC) is effective in reducing pregnancyrelated morbidities and mortalities. This mixed-methods study quantitatively assessed women's satisfaction with EmOC received and qualitatively engaged multiple key stakeholders to better understand issues around EmOC access, availability and utilization in Lagos...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455166/the-development-of-an-online-intervention-care-assist-to-support-male-caregivers-of-women-with-breast-cancer-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Janelle V Levesque, Martha Gerges, Afaf Girgis
INTRODUCTION: It is projected that 17 730 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in Australia in 2017, with 3114 of these predicted to be fatal. Caregiving for a person with cancer can significantly impact caregivers' physical and mental health. Many caregivers feel ill-prepared for this role, especially when care involves complex medical needs accompanied by the psychological challenges experienced following a cancer diagnosis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study employs a convergent, parallel, mixed methods design combining an online survey with an optional interview...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451634/-varicella-and-herpes-zoster-challenges-for-public-health
#3
Mirella Vázquez, Patricia Cravioto, Fernando Galván, Diana Guarneros, Víctor Hugo Pastor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiological behavior of varicella and herpes zoster (HZ) to determine the need of health policies to diminish prevalence and avoid complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To assess frequency, we analyzed data from the National Information System for Epidemiological Surveillance (SUIVE) from 2000 to 2013; to assess the discharge data of varicella and HZ, we evaluated information from the National System of health information (Sinais)...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451592/prevalence-of-streptococcus-agalactiae-colonization-in-pregnant-women-from-the-18th-health-region-of-paran%C3%A3-state
#4
Simone Cristina Castanho Sabaini de Melo, Aline Balandis Costa, Flávia Teixeira Ribeiro da Silva, Natália Maria Maciel Guerra Silva, Cristiano Massao Tashima, Rosilene Fressatti Cardoso, Rúbia Andreia F de Pádua, Isolde Previdelli, Maria Dalva de Barros Carvalho, Sandra Marisa Pelloso
Introduction The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of GBS colonization in pregnant women in a public health service. Methods A study of 496 pregnant women at 35-37 gestational weeks was conducted from September 2011 to March 2014 in 21 municipalities of the 18th Health Region of Paraná State. Vaginal and anorectal samples of each woman were plated on sheep blood agar, and in HPTH and Todd-Hewitt enrichment broths. Results Of the 496 pregnant women, 141 (28.4%) were positive for GBS based on the combination of the three culture media with vaginal and anorectal samples...
2018: Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#5
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447147/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2015
#6
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Sheree L Boulet, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Although the majority of infants conceived through ART are singletons, women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 16, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446841/the-connection-between-the-breast-and-heart-in-a-woman-breast-cancer-and-cardiovascular-disease
#7
REVIEW
Martha Gulati, Sharon L Mulvagh
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in women in the United States and is a major public health issue for all women, but it is of increasing concern to breast cancer survivors. Advancements in early detection and breast cancer therapy have resulted in over 90% of women surviving 5 years past their diagnosis of breast cancer. Nonetheless, with increased survivorship from breast cancer, there has been an increase in cardiovascular disease in these women. The consequences of the treatments for breast cancer may increase the risk for cardiovascular disease...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430408/using-bronchoscopy-to-detect-acquired-tracheoesophageal-fistula-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#8
Michael S Green, Johann J Mathew, Lia J Michos, Parmis Green, Mansoor M Aman
Introduction: An acquired Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is commonly caused by a malignancy or trauma, with pulmonary infection or aspiration being the presenting symptom. However, in the critical care setting the presentation can be subtle and may present with difficult ventilation. High endotracheal tube cuff pressures can lead to tracheal erosions and thus increasing the chances for developing a TEF. Prolonged intubation in the presence of other risk factors like poor general state of health, episodic hypotension, nasogastric tubes, and repeated intubations can increase the likelihood of developing an acquired TEF...
August 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428270/-ten-years-of-human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-from-dermatology-to-oncology-via-the-infectious-diseases-department
#9
Fernando A Moraga-Llop
Human papilloma virus (HPV) was first identified in dermatology, and it was subsequently demonstrated that is was required for the development of uterine cervical cancer and other tumours, after a persistent infection by any of its oncogenic genotypes. Ten years ago, the most common infections and cancers associated with HPV could be prevented by immunisation with 2vaccines, one bivalent, and another tetravalent, and having just marketed a nonavalent one. During the period 2007-2008, the HPV vaccine was included in the Autonomous Communities vaccination calendar, and it is the second vaccine, after that of Hepatitis B, that prevents cancer...
February 7, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424772/systematic-identification-of-correlates-of-hiv-infection-an-x-wide-association-study
#10
Chirag J Patel, Jay Bhattacharya, John P A Ioannidis, Eran Bendavid
OBJECTIVE: Better identification of at-risk groups could benefit HIV-1 care programmes. We systematically identified HIV-1 risk factors in two nationally representative cohorts of women in the Demographic and Health Surveys. METHODS: We identified and replicated the association of 1415 social, economic, environmental, and behavioral factors with HIV-1 status. We used the 2007 and 2013-2014 surveys conducted among 5715 and 15 433 Zambian women, respectively (688 shared factors)...
February 8, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423760/non-communicable-chronic-diseases-and-timely-breast-cancer-screening-among-women-of-the-eastern-caribbean-health-outcomes-research-network-echorn-cohort-study
#11
K H Wang, T A Thompson, D Galusha, H Friedman, C M Nazario, M Nunez, R G Maharaj, O P Adams, M Nunez-Smith
PURPOSE: The Caribbean population faces a growing burden of multiple non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs). Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death for women in the Caribbean. Given the substantial burden of NCDs across the region, cancer prevention and control strategies may need to be specifically tailored for people with multiple co-morbidities. Preventive screening, such as timely mammography, is essential but may be either facilitated or hampered by chronic disease control...
February 8, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422037/coping-strategies-of-women-with-postpartum-depression-symptoms-in-rural-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-community-study
#12
Telake Azale, Abebaw Fekadu, Girmay Medhin, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Most women with postpartum depression (PPD) in low- and middle-income countries remain undiagnosed and untreated, despite evidence for adverse effects on the woman and her child. The aim of this study was to identify the coping strategies used by women with PPD symptoms in rural Ethiopia to inform the development of socio-culturally appropriate interventions. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in a predominantly rural district in southern Ethiopia...
February 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420405/rate-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-among-privately-insured-women-in-the-united-states-2010-2013
#13
Anne G Sammarco, Carolyn W Swenson, Neil S Kamdar, Emily K Kobernik, John O L DeLancey, Brahmajee Nallamothu, Daniel M Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze utilization of, and payments for, pelvic organ prolapse procedures after the 2011 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) communication regarding transvaginal mesh. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study examining private claims from three insurance providers for inpatient and outpatient prolapse procedures from 2010 to 2013 in the Health Care Cost Institute. Primary outcomes were the change in utilization of prolapse procedures, with and without mesh, before and after the July 2011 FDA communication...
February 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415632/the-demographic-impact-and-development-benefits-of-meeting-demand-for-family-planning-with-modern-contraceptive-methods
#14
Daniel Goodkind, Lisa Lollock, Yoonjoung Choi, Thomas McDevitt, Loraine West
BACKGROUND: Meeting demand for family planning can facilitate progress towards all major themes of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership. Many policymakers have embraced a benchmark goal that at least 75% of the demand for family planning in all countries be satisfied with modern contraceptive methods by the year 2030. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the demographic impact (and development implications) of achieving the 75% benchmark in 13 developing countries that are expected to be the furthest from achieving that benchmark...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415024/identifying-evidence-practice-gaps-and-strategies-for-improvement-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-maternal-health-care
#15
Melanie E Gibson-Helm, Jodie Bailie, Veronica Matthews, Alison F Laycock, Jacqueline A Boyle, Ross S Bailie
INTRODUCTION: Adverse pregnancy outcomes are more common among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations than non-Indigenous populations in Australia. Later in life, most of the difference in life expectancy between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and non-Indigenous women is due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Most Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women attend health services regularly during pregnancy. Providing high-quality care within these appointments has an important role to play in improving the current and future health of women and babies...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410540/abo-hemolytic-disease-of-the-fetus-and-newborn-thirteen-years-of-data-after-implementing-a-universal-bilirubin-screening-and-management-program
#16
R D Christensen, V L Baer, B C MacQueen, E A O'Brien, S J Ilstrup
OBJECTIVE: ABO hemolytic disease occurs among neonates with blood groups A or B delivered to group O women. Extreme neonatal hyperbilirubinemia due to ABO disease has been reported, but its frequency is not well known. We sought to determine the odds of developing severe ABO hemolytic disease in the 13 years since adopting universal bilirubin screening/management in the Intermountain Healthcare system. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective analysis of neonates born between 2004 and 2016, defining "severe hemolytic disease" as; (1) total serum bilirubin (TSB) >25 mg/dL, or (2) hospital readmission for jaundice, or (3) bilirubin encephalopathy...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409519/effectiveness-of-respectful-care-policies-for-women-using-routine-intrapartum-services-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Soo Downe, Theresa A Lawrie, Kenny Finlayson, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Several studies have identified how mistreatment during labour and childbirth can act as a barrier to the use of health facilities. Despite general agreement that respectful maternity care (RMC) is a fundamental human right, and an important component of quality intrapartum care that every pregnant woman should receive, the effectiveness of proposed policies remains uncertain. We performed a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of introducing RMC policies into health facilities providing intrapartum services...
February 6, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407506/interdisciplinary-treatment-of-a-patient-with-multiple-missing-teeth-and-periodontitis
#18
Jae-Chan Ahn, Jae-Hong Lee, Joon-Ho Yoon, Ji-Yeon Lee, Jung-Hoon Kim
A 49-year-old woman with several missing and periodontically compromised teeth was referred to the orthodontic department of National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital by the periodontic department for interdisciplinary treatment. Multiple posterior teeth had been extracted 10 days earlier. Her chief complaint was crowding of the anterior teeth, and she wanted to improve both esthetics and function. Orthodontic, periodontic, and prosthodontic treatments were undertaken in the proper timing and sequence with an interdisciplinary approach...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407004/breast-milk-is-conditionally-perfect
#19
Miriam Erick
Breast milk is the universal preferred nutrition for the newborn human infant. New mother have been encouraged to exclusively breastfeed by health care professionals and consumer-advocacy forums for years, citing "breast milk is the perfect food". The benefits are numerous and include psychological, convenience, economical, ecological and nutritionally superior. Human milk is a composite of nutritional choices of the mother, commencing in the pre-conceptual era. Events influencing the eventual nutritional profile of breast milk for the neonate start with pre-conceptual dietary habits through pregnancy and finally to postpartum...
February 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405994/alk-tpm3-rearrangement-in-adult-renal-cell-carcinoma-report-of-a-new-case-showing-loss-of-chromosome-3-and-literature-review
#20
Yohan Bodokh, Damien Ambrosetti, Valérie Kubiniek, Branwel Tibi, Matthieu Durand, Jean Amiel, Morgane Pertuit, Anne Barlier, Florence Pedeutour
Seven cases of translocation-associated renal cell carcinoma involving ALK (ALK-tRCC) were referenced in the last World Health Organization's classification (2016), in a group of emerging/provisional RCC. The first three cases were pediatric, medullary-based, associated with sickle-cell trait and showed a fusion of ALK with VCL. Thirteen cases have been further described. They displayed clinical, morphological and genomic heterogeneity. Most of them occurred in adults. None of the patients was affected by sickle-cell disease...
February 2018: Cancer Genetics
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