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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929062/stillbirth-and-perinatal-care-are-professionals-trained-to-address-parents-needs
#1
Claudia Ravaldi, Miriam Levi, Elena Angeli, Gianpaolo Romeo, Marco Biffino, Roberto Bonaiuti, Alfredo Vannacci
OBJECTIVE: To assess current practices of health care providers (HCPs) caring for women experiencing a stillbirth and to explore their needs for training to better support bereaved families. DESIGN: Nationwide cross-sectional survey. The main outcome measures were the evaluation of HCPs cognition, emotions and behaviours with regard to the care of women with a stillbirth care, as well as their compliance with international guidelines. PARTICIPANTS: 750 HCPs, in 11 Italian hospitals, were administered a multiple-choice questionnaire...
June 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928008/understanding-willingness-to-use-oral-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#2
Xia Wang, Adam Bourne, Pulin Liu, Jiangli Sun, Thomas Cai, Gitau Mburu, Matteo Cassolato, Bangyuan Wang, Wang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as an additional prevention choice for men who have sex with men (MSM) at substantial risk of HIV. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent, and reasons, for MSM's willingness to use oral PrEP in Wuhan and Shanghai, China. METHODS: Between May and December 2015, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 487 MSM recruited through snowball sampling in physical locations frequented by MSM and through social media applications...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927952/variations-in-osteoporosis-medication-utilization-a-population-based-ecological-cross-sectional-study-in-the-region-of-valencia-spain
#3
Gabriel Sanfélix-Gimeno, María-Lirios Juliá-Sanchis, Julián Librero, Salvador Peiró, Aníbal García-Sempere
Little is known about the contextual variability in osteoporosis medication utilization. Our aims were 1) to describe variations in utilization and spending on osteoporotic medication between the Primary Care Health Zones (PHZ) of the Valencia region, Spain, 2) to analyze observed variations using Small Area Variation Analysis methods, and 3) to quantify the influence of the specialized care level on variations in utilization. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional ecological study of expenditure and utilization of five therapeutic groups marketed as osteoporosis treatments in Spain in 2009...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926965/asking-different-questions-a-call-to-action-for-research-to-improve-the-quality-of-care-for-every-woman-every-child
#4
Holly P Kennedy, Melissa Cheyney, Hannah G Dahlen, Soo Downe, Maralyn J Foureur, Caroline S E Homer, Elaine Jefford, Alison McFadden, Michaela Michel-Schuldt, Jane Sandall, Hora Soltani, Anna M Speciale, Jennifer Stevens, Saraswathi Vedam, Mary J Renfrew
Despite decades of considerable economic investment in improving the health of families and newborns world-wide, aspirations for maternal and newborn health have yet to be attained in many regions. The global turn toward recognizing the importance of positive experiences of pregnancy, intrapartum and postnatal care, and care in the first weeks of life, while continuing to work to minimize adverse outcomes, signals a critical change in the maternal and newborn health care conversation and research prioritization...
June 21, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924146/institutional-violence-during-the-parturition-process-in-brazil-integrative-review
#5
Lihsieh Marrero, Odaléa Maria Brüggemann
OBJECTIVE: To identify the types of institutional violence of childbirth reported by the woman, the birth companion and health professionals. METHOD: Integrative review that analyzed 33 articles in the LILACS, BDENF, INDEXPSI, regional SciELO, Scopus, Web Of Science and PubMed databases. RESULTS: Women were the main violence rapporteur, with predominance of the psychological type. Precarious infrastructure and the imposition of professional decisions were identified by the companion as violence...
May 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924043/conservative-management-of-acute-calculous-cholecystitis-complicated-by-pancreatitis-in-an-elderly-woman-a-case-report
#6
Marta K Walczak-Galezewska, Damian Skrypnik, Monika Szulinska, Katarzyna Skrypnik, Pawel Bogdanski
RATIONALE: Acute calculous cholecystitis is a prevalent disease whose diagnosis and management still face significant debate. Although the overall incidence of gallstone disease is 18.8% in European women aged 30 to 69 years, there is little data and experience in managing acute calculous cholecystitis in populations over 80 years old. The incidence of acute cholecystitis among the elderly is probably increasing. For the reason, we here highlight the advantages and disadvantage of various treatment and management opens based on a 96-year-old patient...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923067/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-cardiovascular-diseases-current-knowledge-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Thais Coutinho, Olabimpe Lamai, Kara Nerenberg
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the principal killers of women. In this review, we summarize data regarding CVD and mortality after hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), and highlight clinical, research and policy needs to mitigate this risk. RECENT FINDINGS: Robust data indicate that women with HDP have substantially higher risk of future CVD, with a 3.7-fold increase in the risk of chronic hypertension, a 4.2-fold increase in the risk of heart failure, an 81% increase in the risk of stroke, and double the risk of atrial arrhythmias, coronary heart disease, and mortality when compared to women with normotensive pregnancies...
June 19, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922619/molecular-evidence-of-human-fasciolosis-due-to-fasciola-gigantica-in-iran-a-case-report
#8
Mohammad Bagher Rokni, Arezoo Bozorgomid, Peyman Heydarian, Mojgan Aryaeipour
Fascioliasis is a foodborne zoonotic disease caused by the two parasite species Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica . In spite of the presence of both species of Fasciola in the livestock, to our knowledge, to date, no cases of human F. gigantica infection have been reported in Iran officially. Here, we report such a case in a 25 yr old woman referred to The Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran in 2016. CT imaging and MRCP revealed an ill-defined lesion of segments of liver...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921436/no-109-hysterectomy
#9
Guylaine Lefebvre, Catherine Allaire, John Jeffrey, George Vilos
OBJECTIVE: To identify the indications for hysterectomy, preoperative assessment, and available alternatives required prior to hysterectomy. Patient self-reported outcomes of hysterectomy have revealed high levels of patient satisfaction. These may be maximized by careful preoperative assessment and discussion of other treatment choices. In most cases hysterectomy is performed to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. The patient's preference regarding treatment alternatives must be considered carefully...
July 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920515/knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-regarding-medication-use-in-pregnant-women-in-southern-italy
#10
Monica Navaro, Luigi Vezzosi, Gabriella Santagati, Italo Francesco Angelillo
The study assessed knowledge, attitudes, and medication use of a random sample of pregnant women attending outpatient Gynecology and Obstetrics clinics at randomly selected public General and Teaching hospitals in Naples, Italy. A total of 503 women participated. Those more likely to know that a pregnant woman with chronic condition must discuss whether or not to take a medication with the physician were Italian, aged 31-40 years, employed, with no history of abortion, having had a medical problem within the previous year, with a better self-perceived health status, who knew how to use medications during pregnancy, and who needed information on medications...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920181/exploring-a-relationship-between-race-related-stress-and-emotional-eating-for-collegiate-black-american-women
#11
Buffie Longmire-Avital, Chelsea McQueen
Four out of five Black women in the US, over the age of 20 years meet criteria for obesity. A critical determinant of pervasive health disparities, such as obesity, may be the Black woman's sociocultural experience. One part of this experience is the stress that results from daily encounters with microaggressions. Research has been limited on the association of race-related stress with maladaptive health behaviors among Black women and at what age this association is visible. The aim of this exploratory cross-sectional study was to investigate whether perceived race-related stress was associated with an obesity risk behavior, emotional eating...
June 19, 2018: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916329/teaching-and-learning-from-case-studies-the-added-value-of-using-a-nursing-conceptual-model-to-construct-cases
#12
Jennifer Hackel, Jacqueline Fawcett
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the influence of applying Orem's self-care framework practice methodology on the content and comprehensiveness of a case study about a woman who denied having self-care deficits. The discussion begins with presentation of the case as it might have been found in a classroom or health professions journal and contrasts this with application of Orem's self-care framework practice methodology to illustrate how much more comprehensive the content of the case study is and how well it highlights the role of the primary care nurse practitioner in complex geriatric care...
July 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914738/primary-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-thyroid-associated-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-and-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#13
S Kallel, R Kallel, S Ayadi, A Ghorbel
INTRODUCTION: We report the first case of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the thyroid gland coexisting with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis and discuss various theories concerning the histogenesis of SCC of the thyroid gland and the optimal treatment strategy. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old woman presented with an anterior neck mass measuring 4cm on clinical examination. Imaging showed a suspicious thyroid nodule invading the trachea. Total thyroidectomy with bilateral central lymph node resection was performed...
June 15, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914335/-she-is-not-a-genuine-client-exploring-health-practitioner-s-mistrust-of-rape-survivors-in-nairobi-kenya
#14
Leso Munala, Emily Welle, Emily Hohenshell, Nene Okunna
Sexual violence is one of the most common forms of violence against women in Kenya. Recognizing this, the Kenyan government introduced health care sector guidelines for survivors of sexual violence. This study explores the care of rape survivors from the perspective of health-care practitioners and identifies a number of recommendations for improving the quality of care. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 28 health practitioners from eight post-rape care facilities located in Nairobi, Kenya. Data were analyzed using the Colaizzi's 1978 analytical model...
July 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913206/hyperemesis-gravidarum-is-it-a-cause-of-abnormal-fetal-brain-development
#15
REVIEW
Gideon Koren, Asher Ornoy, Matitiyahu Berkovich
Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is characterized by severe gestational nausea and vomiting, leading to dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and nutritional deficits. HG adversely affects the health and wellbeing of the woman. However, the detrimental impact of HG on fetal brain development has not been addressed. We evaluate herein the emerging evidence suggesting that HG interferes with human brain development, and discuss putative mechanisms. Evidence emerges from prospective developmental studies in offspring exposed in utero to HG, from studies of pregnancy outcome after in utero exposure to famine, as well as evidence on specific nutritional deficiencies affecting fetal brain development...
June 15, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912323/decreased-clinical-pregnancy-and-live-birth-rates-after-short-interval-from-delivery-to-subsequent-assisted-reproductive-treatment-cycle
#16
Molly M Quinn, Mitchell P Rosen, Isabel Elaine Allen, Heather G Huddleston, Marcelle I Cedars, Victor Y Fujimoto
STUDY QUESTION: Does the interval from delivery to initiation of a subsequent ART treatment cycle impact clinical pregnancy or live birth rates? SUMMARY ANSWER: An interval from delivery to treatment start of <6 months or ≥24 months is associated with decreased likelihood of clinical pregnancy and live birth. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Short interpregnancy intervals are associated with poor obstetric outcomes in the naturally conceiving population prompting birth spacing recommendations of 18-24 months from international organizations...
June 15, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911058/prevalence-of-soft-tissue-lesions-among-women-in-sex-work-in-the-red-light-area-of-pune-india-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Tejaswi Sevekari, Sanaa Wadwan, Noopur Rajiv Joglekar, Shanthi Margabandhu
Aim and Objective: The women in sex work have no felt need for oral health and much of the stress has always been on sexually transmitted infections (STIs). There is a need for a baseline data for the oral lesions of these women to further assist in the policy formulations and training of personnel for the identification of the oral conditions which need treatment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the presence of oral lesions among female sex workers in the red light area of Pune, India...
May 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907245/serum-follicle-stimulating-hormone-is-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-diabetes-in-postmenopausal-women-the-hong-kong-osteoporosis-study
#18
Ching-Lung Cheung, Annie W C Kung, Kathryn C B Tan
Menopause is an important transition of reproductive stage in a woman's life. It is associated with diabetes, but the role of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), a menopause-related hormone, in the risk of diabetes is largely unknown. We evaluated the relationship between serum FSH and diabetes in 1274 participants from the Hong Kong Osteoporosis Study aged≥55 at baseline. We also searched relevant databases for studies on serum FSH and incident diabetes and conducted a meta-analysis using fixed-effect modeling...
August 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907181/a-patient-presents-with-a-history-suggestive-of-potential-elder-abuse
#19
Ghislaine Young
Catherine is an Advanced Nurse Practitioner and runs clinics in primary care where she is qualified to assess and manage patients autonomously. Today Joan, an elderly woman in her mid-80s, attends for a general health check-up. She is hypertensive and has a history of coronary artery disease. Joan is widowed and lives with her only son.
June 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892993/pre-pregnancy-weight-loss-in-women-with-obesity-requesting-removal-of-their-intra-uterine-contraceptive-device-in-order-to-conceive-a-pilot-study-of-full-meal-replacement
#20
L Brackenridge, N Finer, R L Batterham, K Pedram, T Ding, J Stephenson, J Barry, P Hardiman
Obesity during pregnancy is associated with increased risks of thromboembolism, gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, miscarriage, congenital anomaly, macrosomia and stillbirth. The current practice, directed at reducing gestational weight gain, is largely ineffective. The present pilot study was designed to assess the acceptability of a 24-week intensive weight management programme (IWMP; full meal replacement followed by partial meal replacement and weight stabilization) to achieve weight loss for women with obesity requesting removal of their intra-uterine contraceptive device in order to conceive...
June 11, 2018: Clinical Obesity
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