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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244693/bilateral-simultaneous-femoral-neck-stress-fracture-despite-clinical-recovery-from-anorexia-nervosa-a-case-report
#1
Jacques Hernigou, Simon Koulischer, Renaud Maes
CASE: A 38-year-old woman who had returned to sports activity (running) after having clinically recovered from anorexia nervosa presented with a bilateral femoral neck stress fracture that was treated with bilateral hip osteosynthesis. CONCLUSION: Although exercise is usually considered to be beneficial for health, heavy exercise (such as running) after recovery from anorexia nervosa may be associated with an increased risk of fracture.
January 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242840/the-mid-childhood-and-adolescent-antecedents-of-women-s-external-locus-of-control-orientation
#2
Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Yasmin Iles-Caven, Stephen Nowicki
Background: External locus of control orientation (ELOC) is a powerful predictor of adverse consequences in regard to health, educational attainment, inter-personal relationships and well-being. Although many cross-sectional studies have been carried out, relatively little is known about antecedent factors influencing the development of ELOC. Methods: Over 12,000 pregnant women who enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) in south-west England, had completed a brief version of the Adult Nowicki-Strickland Internal-External LOC scale, together with detailed questions concerning their own parents and childhood...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241698/telephone-triage-and-midwifery-a-scoping-review
#3
Carolyn M Bailey, Jennifer M Newton, Helen G Hall
BACKGROUND: Midwives use telephone triage to provide advice and support to childbearing women, and to manage access to maternity services. Telephone triage practises are important in the provision of accurate, timely and appropriate health care. Despite this, there has been very little research investigating this area of midwifery practice. AIM: To explore midwives and telephone triage practises; and to discuss the relevant findings for midwives managing telephone calls from women...
December 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238576/a-case-of-legionella-pneumonia-caused-by-home-use-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#4
Ruby Schnirman, Nasifa Nur, Alice Bonitati, Gerardo Carino
A 67-year-old woman with morbid obesity and severe obstructive sleep apnea presented to the emergency department with 2 days of productive cough, fever, shortness of breath and loose stools. A chest x-ray showed extensive bilateral infiltrates, and she was quickly intubated for acute hypoxic respiratory failure. A urine legionella antigen test was positive, and she was admitted to the intensive care unit with a diagnosis of severe legionella pneumonia. She improved over the next week with a course of levofloxacin...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238485/prevention-of-osteoporosis-in-female-students-based-on-the-orem-self-care-model
#5
Nader Sharifi, Fereshteh Majlessi, Ali Montazeri, Davood Shojaeizadeh, Roya Sadeghi
Background: The World Health Organization has introduced osteoporosis as the fourth main enemy of mankind. Self care has served as a new trend in health care. Objective: Educational intervention for osteoporosis related preventive self care in female university students using the Orem model. Methods: This study is a controlled filed trial, carried out with female students of Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch, Iran, from October 28, 2014 to November 15, 2016...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238230/community-narratives-about-women-and-hiv-risk-in-21-high-burden-communities-in-zambia-and-south-africa
#6
Lario Viljoen, Rhoda Ndubani, Virginia Bond, Janet Seeley, Lindsey Reynolds, Graeme Hoddinott
Public health researchers repeatedly represent women as a group vulnerable to ill health. This has been particularly true in the field of HIV research, where women are disproportionately affected by HIV in terms of disease burden and the social effects of the epidemic. Although women have been the focus of many prevention and treatment programs, structural barriers to implementation of these targeted programs persist. In this article we explore how high HIV-burden communities in South Africa and Zambia engage with the concepts of "woman" and "HIV risk"...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238125/determinants-of-contraceptive-use-by-women-in-the-central-senatorial-zone-of-bayelsa-state-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Numonyo Duabo Dambo, Israel Jeremiah, Akhtar Wallymahmed
Background: Contraceptives are known to contribute to maternal health and well-being as well as improve child survival. Due to the multiethnic nature of Nigeria, it is known that the factors that influence contraceptive use may vary from one location to another and as such a blanket policy by the federal government on improving contraceptive use may not take into account the subtle differences in sociocultural practices that may influence contraceptive use. The aim of the study was to determine the contraceptive prevalence and explore factors that determine the use of contraceptives among women of Bayelsa Central Senatorial Zone...
January 2017: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235248/smoking-and-pregnancy-getting-dads-on-the-bus
#8
Robert M Silver
In this issue of BJOG, Roman-Galvez and colleagues show that some women decrease their amount of smoking or stop smoking entirely during pregnancy (Roman-Galvez BJOG; in press). However, few partners decrease smoking during pregnancy. In addition to exposing the pregnancy to passive smoking, continued smoking by their partner decreases the odds of the woman quitting. Accordingly, public health measures should target partners as well as patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 13, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234814/hormone-therapy-for-the-primary-prevention-of-chronic-conditions-in-postmenopausal-women-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#9
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Menopause occurs at a median age of 51.3 years, and the average US woman who reaches menopause is expected to live another 30 years. The prevalence and incidence of most chronic conditions, such as coronary heart disease, dementia, stroke, fractures, and breast cancer, increase with age; however, the excess risk for these conditions that can be attributed to menopause alone is uncertain. Since the publication of findings from the Women's Health Initiative that hormone therapy use is associated with serious adverse health effects in postmenopausal women, use of menopausal hormone therapy has declined...
December 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234713/promoting-early-detection-of-melanoma-during-the-mammography-experience
#10
A K Rzepecki, N Jain, Y Ali, L Chavez, J Choi, B Schlosser, E Liko-Hazizi, S M Friedewald, J K Robinson
Background: Invasive melanoma, a lethal form of skin cancer, is the seventh most common cancer in women. Factors such as a history of indoor tanning or sunburn and a personal or family history of skin cancer increase a woman's risk of developing a melanoma. Objective: Because the majority of melanomas occur in patients age 40 years or older, which is the age that is recommended for women to begin screening mammograms, the mammogram experience could be used to promote early detection of melanoma by introducing skin self-examinations (SSE) to a population of women who are already invested in preventive health...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233232/phyllis-m-tookey-kerridge-and-the-science-of-audiometric-standardization-in-britain
#11
Jaipreet Virdi, Coreen McGuire
The provision of standardized hearing aids is now considered to be a crucial part of the UK National Health Service. Yet this is only explicable through reference to the career of a woman who has, until now, been entirely forgotten. Dr Phyllis Margaret Tookey Kerridge (1901-1940) was an authoritative figure in a variety of fields: medicine, physiology, otology and the construction of scientific apparatus. The astounding breadth of her professional qualifications allowed her to combine features of these fields and, later in her career, to position herself as a specialist to shape the discipline of audiometry...
December 13, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231790/uptake-of-postabortion-care-services-and-acceptance-of-postabortion-contraception-in-puntland-somalia
#12
Kingsley Chukwumalu, Meghan C Gallagher, Sabine Baunach, Amy Cannon
Unsafe abortion is responsible for at least 9% of all maternal deaths worldwide; however, in humanitarian emergencies where health systems are weak and reproductive health services are often unavailable or disrupted, this figure is higher. In Puntland, Somalia, Save the Children International (SCI) implemented postabortion care (PAC) services to address the issue of high maternal morbidity and mortality due to unsafe abortion. Abortion is explicitly permitted by Somali law to save the life of a woman, but remains a sensitive topic due to religious and social conservatism that exists in the region...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231129/-i-think-it-s-pretty-much-the-same-as-it-should-be-perspectives-of-inpatient-care-among-women-veterans
#13
Andrea M Shamaskin-Garroway, M Tish Knobf, Lynette J Adams, Sally G Haskell
The purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the inpatient hospitalization experience for women veterans through in-depth interviews. Women veterans who were admitted for inpatient care on medical units within a university-affiliated VA hospital were invited to participate in a semistructured interview that inquired about their hospital experience, interactions with medical providers, and how being a woman veteran might affect this experience. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using constant comparative method until thematic saturation was achieved ( n = 25)...
December 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230314/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-transdiagnostic-treatment-approach-in-reducing-violence-and-alcohol-abuse-among-families-in-zambia-study-protocol-of-the-violence-and-alcohol-treatment-vatu-trial
#14
J C Kane, S Skavenski Van Wyk, S M Murray, P Bolton, F Melendez, C K Danielson, P Chimponda, S Munthali, L K Murray
Background: Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is an urgent global health problem. Root causes for VAWG include the individual- and family-level factors of alcohol abuse, mental health problems, violence exposure, and related adverse experiences. Few studies in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have assessed the effectiveness of psychological interventions for reducing VAWG. This randomized controlled trial, part of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls consortium, examines the effectiveness of a common elements treatment approach (CETA) for reducing VAWG and comorbid alcohol abuse among families in Zambia...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229436/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-allostatic-load-among-a-multi-ethnic-sample-of-midlife-women-findings-from-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation
#15
Laura Chyu, Dawn M Upchurch
OBJECTIVES: We examined longitudinal patterns and sociodemographic correlates of allostatic load (AL), a measure of cumulative biological risk and aging, in a sample of midlife women consisting of non-Hispanic White, African American, Chinese, and Japanese women. METHODS: Longitudinal cohort data from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation were used to examine AL patterns in midlife women ages 42-53 (n = 1,932). AL measures were created using 10 biomarkers representing cardiovascular, inflammatory, neuroendocrine, and metabolic system functioning...
December 8, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228447/ethical-and-medico-legal-remarks-on-uterus-transplantation-may-it-solve-uterine-factor-infertility
#16
S Zaami, E Marinelli, N M di Luca, G Montanari Vergallo
Uterus transplantation was firstly tested with animal trials sixty-five years ago. Despite several successful attempts in human subjects, the different procedures still lay at the experimental stage, in need of further studies and investigations before they can be considered as standard clinical practices. Uterus transplant cannot be regarded as a life-saving procedure, but rather a method to restore woman ability to procreate, when lost, thus improving her quality of life. Uterus transplant is a complex surgical procedure and presents significant health threats...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226155/views-and-experiences-of-new-zealand-women-with-gestational-diabetes-in-achieving-glycaemic-control-targets-the-views-study
#17
Ruth Martis, Julie Brown, Caroline A Crowther
Introduction: Optimal glycaemic control in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) reduces maternal and infant morbidity. Method: A survey was administered to women diagnosed with GDM to explore their views and experiences in achieving optimal glycaemic control. Results: Sixty women participated. Enablers included being taught to test capillary blood glucose in group settings where the health professional demonstrated this on themselves first (60, 100%); health professionals listening (41, 68%); being reminded to perform blood glucose testing (33, 55%); and being provided healthy meals by friends and family (28, 47%)...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225941/beyond-menstrual-hygiene-addressing-vaginal-bleeding-throughout-the-life-course-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
REVIEW
Marni Sommer, Penelope A Phillips-Howard, Therese Mahon, Sasha Zients, Meredith Jones, Bethany A Caruso
Girls and women experience numerous types of vaginal bleeding. These include healthy reproductive processes, such as menstruation and bleeding after childbirth, but also bleeding related to health conditions, such as fibroids or cancer. In most societies, the management of menstruation is handled covertly, something girls are often instructed about at menarche. The management of other vaginal bleeding is often similarly discreet, although behaviours are not well documented. In many societies, cultural taboos frequently hinder open discussion around vaginal bleeding, restricting information and early access to healthcare...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223276/a-51-year-old-woman-with-an-increasing-chest-wall-mass-years-after-resection-of-an-early-stage-lung-cancer
#19
Ajay Dhakal, Hongbin Chen, Elisabeth U Dexter
A 51-year-old woman was found to have a new 14 × 6 mm soft tissue mass under the right serratus muscle on a CT scan of the chest performed for routine surveillance due to her history of stage I lung cancer. A follow-up CT scan performed 4 months later showed that the mass had increased in size to 22 × 8 mm. The patient presents to the oncology clinic to discuss the results of the CT scan. She has no pain or swelling on the right lateral chest and no cough, fever, or shortness of breath. She is at her baseline health with good appetite and functional status...
December 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221349/ab-thymoma-with-atypical-type-a-component-with-delayed-multiple-lung-and-brain-metastases
#20
Wieslawa Grajkowska, Ewa Matyja, Jacek Kunicki, Sylwia Szymanska, Alexander Marx, Cleo-Aron Weis, Renata Langfort, Malgorzata Szolkowska
An atypical type A thymoma is a newly added entity to the last World Health Organization (WHO) histological classification [2015] of uncertain prognosis. The conventional type A and AB thymomas are usually locally aggressive neoplasms that rarely metastasize with distant metastases to the central nervous system (CNS) occurring extremely exceptionally. We present a history of a woman with a mediastinal tumor originally considered to be a Masaoka-Koga stage II "mixed thymoma with well-differentiated thymic carcinoma component" according to the historic Müller-Hermelink nomenclature...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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