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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652283/mitral-valve-repair-in-infective-endocarditis-during-pregnancy
#1
Takahiro Tamura, Shuichi Yokota
Infective endocarditis (IE) during pregnancy and subsequent cardiac surgery are rare and associated with a high risk of mortality for the mother and fetus. It is difficult to determine the right time for cardiac intervention when IE is diagnosed early in pregnancy. A 33-year-old previously healthy woman in the 11th week of pregnancy was diagnosed with IE and underwent surgical intervention. The cardiopulmonary bypass settings and the anesthetic drugs were carefully chosen. Although she was in good health, while being discharged, the fetus did not survive...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651651/interactions-of-coffee-consumption-and-postmenopausal-hormone-use-in-relation-to-breast-cancer-risk-in-uk-biobank
#2
Lusine Yaghjyan, Shannan Rich, Liang Mao, Volker Mai, Kathleen M Egan
PURPOSE: We investigated the association of coffee consumption with postmenopausal breast cancer risk, overall and by the status of postmenopausal hormone therapy (PMH). METHODS: This study included 126,182 postmenopausal women (2,636 with breast cancer and 123,546 without) from UK Biobank. Cancer diagnoses were ascertained through the linkage to the UK National Health Service Central Registers. Information on breast cancer risk factors and coffee consumption was collected at baseline and updated during follow-up...
April 12, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651313/risk-factors-for-osteoporosis-in-postmenopausal-women-from-the-point-of-view-of-primary-care-gynecologist
#3
Damir Franic, Ivan Verdenik
Introduction: Osteoporosis is a highly prevalent public health problem with osteoporosis-related fractures that account for high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, prevention strategies and early detection of osteoporosis should be carried out in primary gynaecological care units, so as to substantially reduce the risk of fractures and allow the best treatment option for a particular woman. Methods: From 2002 to 2011, we recruited 2956 women. Of the total number of women, we additionally extrapolated 1274 women aged 60-75 years, assumingly, the group of women at higher risk of osteoporosis...
March 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650401/opthalmological-sequelae-due-to-paintball-injuries-case-studies
#4
A C Peñaranda, A Montoya, A P Arciniegas, C López-de-Mesa
OBJECTIVE: Describe the ophthalmological sequelae of patients diagnosed with blunt eye injury by paintball. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were a total 14 cases with a diagnosis of blunt trauma by paintball were treated at the ophthalmology emergency department of the Barraquer Clinic in Bogotá, Colombia. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination with their respective controls according to their outcome. RESULTS: The frequency of eye trauma by paintball was 3...
April 9, 2018: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649980/patterns-of-caesarean-section-in-hiv-infected-and-non-infected-women-in-malawi-is-caesarean-section-used-for-pmtct
#5
Lyson Tenthani, Joep J van Oosterhout, Andreas D Haas, Malango Msukwa, Nozgechi Phiri, Frank Chimbwandira, Kali Tal, Karoline Aebi-Popp, Janne Estill, Olivia Keiser
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section (CS) is not recommended for PMTCT in Malawi HIV Guidelines, contrary to most high-income countries where CS is indicated if viral suppression is sub-optimal pre-delivery. We describe patterns of CS in HIV-infected and uninfected women in Malawi and explored if insight into the use of Elective CS (ECS) for PMTCT could be obtained. METHODS: We used routinely collected data from individual medical records from 17 large health facilities in the central and southern regions of Malawi, from January 2010 to December 2013...
April 12, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649195/pertussis-vaccination-uptake-in-pregnancy-lessons-to-be-learned-from-an-integrated-healthcare-approach
#6
Emma J Deverall, Benjamin Gilmore, Sam Illing, Roshini Peiris-John
AIM: To determine the proportion of pregnant women vaccinated with the pertussis booster in the third trimester of their pregnancy, and explore factors influencing coverage. METHODS: A clinical audit was undertaken at Rotorua hospital using electronic databases to determine pertussis immunisation among women who birthed from 25 March to 25 April, 2017 (n=111). Lead maternity carers (LMCs) were surveyed to assess knowledge of the vaccine and explore suggestions to increase vaccination coverage...
April 13, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649034/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-pregnant-women-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes-and-an-approach-to-management
#7
Jennifer E Dominguez, Andrew D Krystal, Ashraf S Habib
Among obese pregnant women, 15%-20% have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and this prevalence increases along with body mass index and in the presence of other comorbidities. Prepregnancy obesity and pregnancy-related weight gain are certainly risk factors for sleep-disordered breathing in pregnancy, but certain physiologic changes of pregnancy may also increase a woman's risk of developing or worsening OSA. While it has been shown that untreated OSA in postmenopausal women is associated with a range of cardiovascular, pulmonary, and metabolic comorbidities, a body of literature is emerging that suggests OSA may also have serious implications for the health of mothers and fetuses during and after pregnancy...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642898/enablers-and-barriers-for-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-to-achieve-optimal-glycaemic-control-a-qualitative-study-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#8
Ruth Martis, Julie Brown, Judith McAra-Couper, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Glycaemic target recommendations vary widely between international professional organisations for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Some studies have reported women's experiences of having GDM, but little is known how this relates to their glycaemic targets. The aim of this study was to identify enablers and barriers for women with GDM to achieve optimal glycaemic control. METHODS: Women with GDM were recruited from two large, geographically different, hospitals in New Zealand to participate in a semi-structured interview to explore their views and experiences focusing on enablers and barriers to achieving optimal glycaemic control...
April 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628723/prevalence-of-postmenopausal-symptoms-its-effect-on-quality-of-life-and-coping-in-rural-couple
#9
Radha Shukla, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Rakhee Patel
Aim: Menopause is a physiological process, with potential to lead to various pathological/psychological complications, leading to change in quality of life (QOL). Although literature suggests the effect of menopause on various aspects of life, there is scarcity of studies from rural setup in this regard. Thus, it is essential to assess extent of menopause-related changes, its awareness, and coping mechanisms in rural couple. This study aimed to find the prevalence of postmenopausal symptoms, its severity, and effect on QOL of rural women and the couples' coping mechanisms...
January 2018: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628283/weathering-the-storm-a-review-of-pre-pregnancy-stress-and-risk-of-spontaneous-abortion
#10
REVIEW
Tyralynn Frazier, Carol J Rowland Hogue, Elizabeth A Bonney, Kathryn M Yount, Brad D Pearce
The Weathering Effect is a theory that links stress exposure, over the life-course, with racial disparities in reproductive outcomes, through the effects of social adversity on a woman's body. The concept of maternal "weathering" captures cumulative somatic and psychological adversities that can exacerbate the effects of aging. Much of the evidence for weathering comes from observational studies linking self-report measures with reproductive outcomes. The purpose of this review is to explore biological mechanisms that underlie these observations...
March 1, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627594/-you-stop-thinking-about-yourself-as-a-woman-an-interpretive-phenomenological-study-of-the-meaning-of-sexuality-for-icelandic-women-during-pregnancy-and-after-birth
#11
Sóley S Bender, Edda Sveinsdóttir, Hilda Fridfinnsdóttir
OBJECTIVE: There exists considerable evidence about reduced sexual desire and sexual disorders during pregnancy and after giving birth. More in-depth qualitative evidence is needed. The purpose of this study was to find out how Icelandic women experienced their sexuality during pregnancy and after giving birth. DESIGN/SETTING: An interpretive phenomenological study based on individual interviews with eight women was carried out at two time points, six and 12 months after giving birth, giving a total of 16 interviews...
March 22, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627104/a-systematic-review-of-social-stress-and-mental-health-among-transgender-and-gender-non-conforming-people-in-the-united-states
#12
REVIEW
Sarah E Valentine, Jillian C Shipherd
Transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) populations, including those who do not identify with gender binary constructs (man or woman) are increasingly recognized in health care settings. Research on the health of TGNC people is growing, and disparities are often noted. In this review, we examine 77 studies published between January 1, 1997 and March 22, 2017 which reported mental health outcomes in TGNC populations to (a) characterize what is known about mental health outcomes and (b) describe what gaps persist in this literature...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626459/an-unusual-invasive-ectopic-thymoma-in-the-thyroid-and-anterior-mediastinum
#13
Haruaki Hino, Jun-Ichi Nitadori, Keiko Ohno, Seiji Kishimoto, Masatoki Takahashi, Mototsune Kakizaki, Tomio Arai, Nishimura Takashi, Jun Nakajima
An 81-year-old woman with a 2-year history of dysphagia detected a cervical mass. Computed tomography showed a thyroid tumor extending through the superior and anterior mediastinum. Incisional biopsy revealed a thymoma. Total resection of the thyroid and mediastinal tumor was performed. The thymoma invaded the anterior tracheal wall and left brachiocephalic vein. Pathological examination revealed thymoma type B1 concomitant with B2 and B3 (World Health Organization classification), Masaoka IVb and T3N2M0-IVb, with cervical lymph node metastasis...
April 4, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626045/effect-of-emotional-content-on-online-video-sharing-among-health-care-professionals-and-researchers-diffusion-results-and-lessons-learnt-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Junko Kiriya, Phil Edwards, Ian Roberts
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effect of emotional content on the extent to which online videos are shared among health professionals. SETTING: We conducted a two-arm randomised controlled trial. We sent a link to one of two videos by email to participants asking them to watch the video and forward it to their colleagues. PARTICIPANTS: Health professionals and researchers (obstetrics, gynaecology and midwifery) with an email address apart from those in countries where access to YouTube is banned...
April 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624943/context-specific-factors-and-contraceptive-use-a-mixed-method-study-among-women-men-and-health-providers-in-a-rural-ghanaian-district
#15
Martin Amogre Ayanore, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot
Suitable options for improving women's access to effective, safe and context-specific contraceptive methods must be explored to curtail rising unmet needs for contraceptive use in rural Ghana. The study aimed to outline context-specific factors associated with contraceptive use, access on demand and future use intentions among women in one district of Ghana. Using mixed method approach, quantitative data (n=720) was collected among women aged 18-28. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were also conducted among women (n=30) aged 18-49 and men (n=10) respectively...
June 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624858/being-targeted-as-a-severely-overweight-pregnant-woman-a-qualitative-interview-study
#16
Drude S Lauridsen, Peter Sandøe, Lotte Holm
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2 have been targeted in health-care systems in many western countries as a high-risk group. However, we have limited knowledge of the long-term significance of this prenatal care policy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate accounts women give of their experiences of being targeted as severely overweight during pregnancy when they look back at the intervention 4-5 years later. DESIGN: Interpretive analysis based on 21 semi-structured interviews conducted 4-5 years after the pregnancy with Danish mothers categorized as having a pre-pregnancy BMI ≥ 30...
April 6, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623553/hypertension-and-pharmacological-therapy-in-women
#17
REVIEW
Elisa Lodi, Alberto Carollo, Valentina Martinotti, Maria Grazia Modena
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality for women all over the world. The role and weight of risk factors in relation to gender are not completely clarified as well as their treatment. Pathophysiology of hypertension in woman presents different aspects in relation to phase of life, with an impact on treatment. The only certainties that we have nowadays regarding hypertension therapy in women are really few and may be summarized in: how to treat or, better, what not to use in hypertension in pregnancy and how to treat acute severe hypertension in pregnancy...
April 5, 2018: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622712/isolated-cystic-lymphangiomatosis-of-spleen-in-an-adult-a-diagnostic-conundrum
#18
Pavan Kumar, Saket Kumar, Nuzhat Husain, Abhijit Chandra
Lymphangiomatosis is a rare developmental disorder characterised by diffuse proliferation of anastomosing lymphatic channels (lymphangiomas). It is believed to result from anomalous lymphatic development and usually presents in childhood. It typically occurs as a part of systemic lymphangiomatosis and isolated organ involvement is rare. Only nine cases of isolated cystic lymphangiomatosis of spleen have been reported between 1990 and 2010. Tuberculosis is a significant health problem in India and varied forms of this disease are seen in clinical practice...
April 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620517/solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-kidney-treated-with-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-a-case-report
#19
Xing Chen, Jian-Feng Wang, Zhen-Shan Ding, Xiao-Feng Zhou
We herein reported a 27-year-old woman with a right renal mass for two years. She underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Immunohistochemical examination of the specimen confirmed the diagnosis of solitary fibrous tumor by revealing its positive staining for cluster of differentiation (CD)34, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and CD99 in the tumor cells. No adjuvant treatment was carried out. The patient was in good health without local recurrence or metastasis during 2 years of follow-up...
March 30, 2018: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615026/nhs-health-checks-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-on-equity-of-uptake-and-outcomes
#20
N Coghill, L Garside, A A Montgomery, G Feder, J Horwood
BACKGROUND: The National Health Checks programme aims to reduce the incidence of cardiovascular diseases and health inequalities in England. We assessed equity of uptake and outcomes from NHS Health Checks in general practices in Bristol, UK. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using patient-level data, from 38 general practices. We descriptively analysed the socioeconomic status (SES) of patients invited and the SES and ethnicity of those attending. Logistic regression was used to test associations between invitation and attendance, with population characteristics...
April 3, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
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