Read by QxMD icon Read

Bi polar

HongYing Mei, Wen Xu, Chao Wang, HaiFeng Yuan, Chao Zhang, Lan Ding, Jin Zhang, Chao Deng, YiFan Wang, Francois M Peeters
Magneto-optical (MO) properties of bi- and tri-layer graphene are investigated utilizing terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz TDS) in the presence of a strong magnetic fleld at room-temperature. In the Faraday conflguration and applying optical polarization measurements, we measure the real and imaginary parts of the longitudinal and transverse MO conductivities of difierent graphene samples. The obtained experimental data flt very well with the well-known MO Drude formula, from which we obtain key sample and material parameters of bi- and tri-layer graphene, such as the electron efiective mass, the
 electronic relaxation time and the electron density...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Yasmine Baktash, Anisha Madhav, Kelly E Coller, Glenn Randall
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) enters hepatocytes via various entry factors, including scavenger receptor BI (SR-B1), cluster of differentiation 81 (CD81), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), claudin-1 (CLDN1), and occludin (OCLN). As CLDN1 and OCLN are not readily accessible due to their tight junctional localization, HCV likely accesses them by either disrupting cellular polarity or migrating to the tight junction. In this study, we image HCV entry into a three-dimensional polarized hepatoma system and reveal that the virus sequentially engages these entry factors through actin-dependent mechanisms...
March 14, 2018: Cell Host & Microbe
Ting Cao, Meng Wu, Steven G Louie
We show that band topology can dramatically change the photophysics of two-dimensional semiconductors. For systems in which states near the band extrema are of multicomponent character, the spinors describing these components (pseudospins) can pick up nonzero winding numbers around the extremal k point. In these systems, we find that the strength and required light polarization of an excitonic optical transition are dictated by the optical matrix element winding number, a unique and heretofore unrecognized topological characteristic...
February 23, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Mouadh Mihoub, André Pichette, Balla Sylla, Charles Gauthier, Jean Legault
Betulin has a wide range of biological and pharmacological properties with its anticancer activity attracting most of the attention as it offers a possible alternative treatment to chemotherapy. However, betulin's in vivo biological effectiveness is limited by its poor solubility. As such, we synthesized polar glycosylated derivatives to increase its hydrosolubility and enhance its pharmacological properties. Among these synthesized compounds, 28-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosylbetulin 3β-O-α-l-rhamnopyranoside (Bi-L-RhamBet) was assessed for its cytotoxic effects against a suite of lung cancer cell lines...
2018: PloS One
Rongchang Yang, Belinda Brice, Fuchun Jian, Una Ryan
A new Isospora (Apicomplexa:Eimeriidae) species is described from a silvereye (Zosterops lateralis) in Western Australia. Sporulated oocysts of this species are spherical, 24.2 (23.1-25.2) × 23.3 (22.8-23.9) μm, with a shape index (length/width) of 1.02, and with a smooth bi-layered oocyst wall, 1.2 μm thick (outer layer 0.9 μm, inner 0.3 μm). A polar granule is present, but the oocyst residuum and a micropyle are absent. The ovoid-shaped sporocysts are 16.1 (15.7-17.3) × 10.5 (15.7-17.3) μm and have a shape index of 1...
March 11, 2018: Parasitology Research
Saad Raza, Syed Sikander Azam
Conformational flexibility and generalized structural features are responsible for specific phenomena existing in biological pathways. With advancements in computational chemistry, novel approaches and new methods are required to compare the dynamic nature of biomolecules, which are crucial not only to address dynamic functional relationships but also to gain detailed insights into the disturbance and positional fluctuation responsible for functional shifts. Keeping this in mind, axial frequency distribution (AFD) has been developed, designed, and implemented...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Kent R Thurber, Thanh-Ngoc Le, Victor Changcoco, David J R Brook
Solid-state dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) using the cross-effect relies on radical pairs whose electron spin resonance (ESR) frequencies differ by the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) frequency. We measure the DNP provided by a new water-soluble verdazyl radical, verdazyl-ribose, under both magic-angle spinning (MAS) and static sample conditions at 9.4 T, and compare it to a nitroxide radical, 4-hydroxy-TEMPO. We find that verdazyl-ribose is an effective radical for cross-effect DNP, with the best relative results for a non-spinning sample...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Salim H Reza, Nicolas Delhomme, Nathaniel R Street, Prashanth Ramachandran, Kerstin Dalman, Ove Nilsson, Elena A Minina, Peter V Bozhkov
The terminal differentiation and elimination of the embryo-suspensor is the earliest manifestation of programmed cell death (PCD) during plant ontogenesis. Molecular regulation of suspensor PCD remains poorly understood. Norway spruce (Picea abies) embryos provide a powerful model for studying embryo development because of their large size, sequenced genome, and the possibility to obtain a large number of embryos at a specific developmental stage through somatic embryogenesis. Here, we have carried out global gene expression analysis of the Norway spruce embryo-suspensor versus embryonal mass (a gymnosperm analogue of embryo proper) using RNA sequencing...
2018: PloS One
Hui Liu, Jun Chen, Houbing Huang, Longlong Fan, Yang Ren, Zhao Pan, Jinxia Deng, Long-Qing Chen, Xianran Xing
A functional material with coexisting energetically equivalent phases often exhibits extraordinary properties such as piezoelectricity, ferromagnetism, and ferroelasticity, which is simultaneously accompanied by field-driven reversible phase transformation. The study on the interplay between such phase transformation and the performance is of great importance. Here, we have experimentally revealed the important role of field-driven reversible phase transformation in achieving enhanced electromechanical properties using in situ high-energy synchrotron x-ray diffraction combined with 2D geometry scattering technology, which can establish a comprehensive picture of piezoelectric-related microstructural evolution...
February 2, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Thomas Tarnaud, Wout Joseph, Luc Martens, Emmeric Tanghe
Neuronal excitability is determined in a complex way by several interacting factors, such as membrane dynamics, fibre geometry, electrode configuration, myelin impedance, neuronal terminations[Formula: see text] This study aims to increase understanding in excitability, by investigating the impact of these factors on different models of myelinated and unmyelinated fibres (five well-known membrane models are combined with three electrostimulation models, that take into account the spatial structure of the neuron)...
February 24, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Jinling Yu, Xiaolin Zeng, Liguo Zhang, Chunming Yin, Yonghai Chen, Yu Liu, Shuying Cheng, Yunfeng Lai, Ke He, Qikun Xue
The inverse spin Hall effect (ISHE) induced by the normal incidence of linearly-polarized infrared radiation has been observed in the topological insulator Bi2 Se3 . A model has been proposed to explain the phenomenon, and the spin transverse force has been determined by the model fitting. The anomalous linear photogalvanic effect (ALPGE) is also observed, and the photoinduced momentum anisotropy is extracted. Furthermore, the ISHE and ALPGE are investigated at different temperatures between 77 and 300 K, and the temperature dependence of the spin transverse force and photoinduced momentum anisotropy are obtained...
February 19, 2018: Optics Express
Lokanath Patra, Zhao Pan, Jun Chen, Masaki Azuma, P Ravindran
In order to establish the correlation between the magnetoelectric coupling and magnetic instability, we have studied the structural, magnetic, and ferroelectric properties of BaTiO3 modified BiCoO3 i.e. xBaTiO3 -(1 - x)BiCoO3 as a function of BaTiO3 concentration (x) and volume from a series of general-gradient-corrected (GGA), GGA plus onsite Coulomb repulsion (U), full potential, spin-density-functional band-structure calculations within the framework of density functional theory along with synchrotron X-ray diffraction and magnetic measurement studies...
February 22, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Chris T McAllister, Dagmara Motriuk-Smith, Catherine M Kerr
Three new species of coccidians (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) are described from eastern moles, Scalopus aquaticus (Linnaeus) from Arkansas. Oöcysts of Cyclospora duszynskii n. sp. are subspheroidal with a smooth bi-layered wall, measure 11.4 × 10.0 µm, and have a length/width (L/W) ratio of 1.1; both micropyle and oöcyst residuum are absent, but a single polar granule is present. Sporocysts are ellipsoidal and measure 7.2 × 5.4 µm, L/W 1.3; an indistinct Stieda body is present, but the sub-Stieda and para-Stieda bodies are absent and the sporocyst residuum is composed of medium to large granules of different sizes along the edge of the sporocyst...
February 19, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
Wenjing Shi, Changwei Lü, Jiang He, He En, Manshu Gao, Boyi Zhao, Bin Zhou, Haijun Zhou, Hualin Liu, Yu Zhang
The composition and structure of Humic acid (HA) is so heterogeneous that it brings significant barriers to investigate the interaction between HA and heavy metal ions. The isolation of HA with relatively homogeneity is a key to reveal the binding mechanisms between HA and heavy metals. In this work, ten HA fractions (HAs) were obtained by sequential alkali extraction procedure and nature differences of the extracted HAs were considered as explanatory factors for binding characteristics of Cu2+ , Pb2+ and Cd2+ ...
February 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Nancy Pizarro, Gaspar Prado, Marianela Saldías, Catalina Sandoval-Altamirano, Andrés Vega
The reaction of 2,5-dibromopyrazine with N-Lithium pyrazolate in a 1:2 ratio leads to a mixture of 2-bromo-5-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyrazine (I) and 2,5-di(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)pyrazine (II). The structures of I and II are highly planar. Two absorption bands can be observed for the compounds in the UV-Vis region, having ε in the order of 10 4 M -1 cm -1 . TD-DFT computed results support the nature of the lower energy absorptions as π pyrazine →π* pyrazine transitions, including an additional intraligand charge transfer transition for I (π pyrazol →π* pyrazine )...
February 15, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Peter J Collins, Ulrike Hahn, Ylva von Gerber, Erik J Olsson
Much of what we believe we know, we know through the testimony of others (Coady, 1992). While there has been long-standing evidence that people are sensitive to the characteristics of the sources of testimony, for example in the context of persuasion, researchers have only recently begun to explore the wider implications of source reliability considerations for the nature of our beliefs. Likewise, much remains to be established concerning what factors influence source reliability. In this paper, we examine, both theoretically and empirically, the implications of using message content as a cue to source reliability...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Ying-Hua Wang, Ren-Chao Jin, Jie Li, Jia-Qi Li, Zheng-Gao Dong
In this paper, the infinite-length metallic bar is folded to a continuous omega-shaped resonator and then arranged as a bi-layer metamaterial, which presents a hybrid resonance and a Fabry-Perot-like cavity mode. The asymmetric transmission (AT) for linearly polarized light is powerfully enhanced at a near-infrared regime by strongly coupling the hybrid resonance to the cavity, with the maximum value of the high-efficiency AT effect reaching 0.8 at around 1364 nm. At this near-infrared band, such a high-efficiency AT effect has never been realized previously by a bi-layer metamaterial...
February 5, 2018: Optics Express
Bi-Hsuan Lin, Yung-Chi Wu, Huang-Yeh Chen, Shao-Chin Tseng, Jian-Xing Wu, Xiao-Yun Li, Bo-Yi Chen, Chien-Yu Lee, Gung-Chian Yin, Shih-Hung Chang, Mau-Tsu Tang, Wen-Feng Hsieh
Polarization-dependent hard X-ray excited optical luminescence (XEOL) was used to study not only the optical properties but also the crystallographic orientations of a non-polar a-plane ZnO wafer. In addition to a positive-edge jump and extra oscillations in the near-band-edge (NBE) XEOL yield, we observed a blue shift of the NBE emission peak that follows the polarization-dependent X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) as the X-ray energy is tuned across the Zn K-edge. This NBE blue shift is caused by the larger X-ray absorption, generating higher free carriers to reduce the exciton-LO phonon coupling, which causes a decrease in the exciton activation energy...
February 5, 2018: Optics Express
Jing Bai, Zhen-Sen Wu, Cheng-Xian Ge, Zheng-Jun Li, Tan Qu, Qing-Chao Shang
Based on the generalized Lorentz-Mie theory (GLMT) and the localized approximation of the beam shape coefficients, we derived the expansions of incident elliptic Gaussian (EG) beams in terms of spherical vector wave functions (SVWFs). Utilizing multiple scattering (MS) equations and electromagnetic momentum (EM) theory, the lateral binding force (BF) exerted on a bi-sphere induced by an EG beam is calculated. Numerical effects of various parameters such as beam waist widths, beam polarization states, incident wavelengths, particle sizes, and material losses are analyzed and compared with the results of a circular Gaussian (CG) beam in detail...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
Xi Wang, Jun Ding, Bowen Zheng, Sensong An, Guohua Zhai, Hualiang Zhang
The capability to manipulating electromagnetic (EM) waves at the sub-wavelength scale has been enabled by metamaterials and their two-dimensional counterparts, metasurfaces. Especially, integrating two or more diverse functionalities into a single metasurface-based device is of great significance to meet the stringent requirements imposed by today's high frequency components and systems. Here, we present a dual-band bi-functional metasurface structure that could simultaneously achieve anomalous reflection and transmission at two terahertz (THz) frequencies, respectively, under linearly-polarized incident waves...
January 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"