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Bi polar

Wanzhuo Ma, Tianshu Wang, Yan Zhang, Peng Liu, Yuwei Su, Qingsong Jia, Mingzhe Bi, Peng Zhang, Huilin Jiang
We propose and experimentally demonstrate a widely tunable mode-locked thulium-doped fiber laser. The laser can operate at both continuous-wave and mode-locked states at different pump power levels. A classic nonlinear polarization rotation structure is employed to obtain the passive mode-locked laser. A birefringence Lyot filter as a fiber comb filter is used to expand the tuning range. Thanks to the filtering component, the tuning range of the continuous-wave laser can reach 127 nm (1823-1950 nm). The tuning ranges of the single-wavelength and dual-wavelength mode-locked lasers are 94 nm (1835-1929 nm) and 87 nm (1831-1918 nm), respectively, with a 3...
April 20, 2017: Applied Optics
Chris T McAllister, R Scott Seville, Charles R Bursey
During May and July 2016, 32 eastern small-footed myotis (Myotis leibii) were collected from five counties of northwestern Arkansas and their faeces examined for coccidian parasites. Four of 32 (13%) M. leibii harboured an eimerian that we describe here as new. Oocysts of Eimeria sassei sp. n. were ovoidal to ellipsoidal with a bi-layered wall and measured (length × width, L × W) 18.3 × 15.2 µm, with an L/W ratio of 1.2. A micropyle and oocyst residuum were absent but 1-2 polar granules were present. Sporocysts were ovoidal, 9...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
Marcos Tobias de Santana Miglionico, Lúcio André Viana
A new coccidian species of the genus Caryospora Léger, 1904 (Apicomplexa, Eimeriidae) is described based on material from the Guanabara spotted night snake Siphlophis pulcher (Raddi) (Reptilia: Dipsadidae) in a coastal area of the Atlantic Forest in Ilha Grande Island, state of Rio de Janeiro, southeastern Brazil. Caryospora ceadsensis n. sp. possesses spheroidal to slightly subspheroidal oöcysts measuring 17-24 × 17-24 (22.1 × 22.0) µm, with a c.1.3 µm thick bi-layered wall (inner layer smooth, outer layer slightly striated), length/width (L/W) ratio of 1...
April 19, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
Joao Vidal, Andrey V Turutin, Ilya V Kubasov, Mikhail D Malinkovich, Yurii N Parkhomenko, Svetlana P Kobeleva, Andrei L Kholkin, Nikolai A Sobolev
The anisotropic direct magnetoelectric (ME) properties of bi-layered composites comprising magnetostrictive metglas foils and single-crystalline piezoelectric bidomain plates of 127ºY-cut LiNbO<sub>3<sub> (LNO) have been studied theoretically and experimentally. The LNO plates possessed an engineered ferroelectric macrobidomain structure with opposite spontaneous polarization vectors. Impedance, ME effect and equivalent magnetic noise density measurements have been performed under quasi-static and resonant conditions...
April 13, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Rui Wang, Wei Guan, Zheng-Bo Han, Fushun Liang, Takeo Suga, Xihe Bi, Hiroyuki Nishide
An ambient-light-promoted and metal-free three-component reaction of active methylene compounds, perfluoroalkyl iodides, and guanidines/amidines is reported. This constitutes a powerful method to prepare perfluoroalkylated pyrimidines with mild reaction conditions, broad substrate scope, excellent functional group tolerance, and simple operation. A radical/polar mechanism involving the formation of a halogen-bond adduct and radical cross-coupling is proposed.
April 17, 2017: Organic Letters
Masahito Murai, Erika Uemura, Shunsuke Hori, Kazuhiko Takai
A regioselective cyclization of 1,n-diynes under rhenium catalysis was developed on the basis of a rare type of 1,1-difunctionalization of terminal alkynes with carbon nucleophiles, followed by sequential addition reactions of the resulting alkenylrhenium species. The reaction provides an efficient approach to the synthesis of complex cyclopentane-fused bi- and tricycles and spirocycles, which are useful building blocks for the construction of essential frameworks of biologically active compounds as well as functional materials, from simple starting materials by the formation of up to six new carbon-carbon bonds in a single step...
April 11, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
I I Klimovskikh, D Sostina, A Petukhov, A G Rybkin, S V Eremeev, E V Chulkov, O E Tereshchenko, K A Kokh, A M Shikin
Two- and three-dimensional topological insulators are the key materials for the future nanoelectronic and spintronic devices and quantum computers. By means of angle- and spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy we study the electronic and spin structure of the Bi-bilayer/3D topological insulator in quantum tunneling regime formed under the short annealing of Bi2Te2.4Se0.6. Owing to the temperature-induced restructuring of the topological insulator's surface quintuple layers, the hole-like spin-split Bi-bilayer bands and the parabolic electronic-like state are observed instead of the Dirac cone...
April 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Gavriel Lerner, Tzvi Diskin, Ofer Neufeld, Ofer Kfir, Oren Cohen
Phase matching in high-harmonic generation leads to enhancement of multiple harmonics. It is sometimes desired to control the spectral structure within the phase-matched spectral region. We propose a scheme for selective suppression of high-order harmonics within the phase-matched spectral region while weakly influencing the other harmonics. The method is based on addition of phase-mismatched segments within a phase-matched medium. We demonstrate the method numerically in two examples. First, we show that one phase-mismatched segment can significantly suppress harmonic orders 9, 15, and 21...
April 1, 2017: Optics Letters
Gordon Schlolaut, Achim Brauer, Takeshi Nakagawa, Henry F Lamb, Jonathan J Tyler, Richard A Staff, Michael H Marshall, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Charlotte L Bryant, Pavel E Tarasov
The Younger Dryas Stadial (YDS) was an episode of northern hemispheric cooling which occurred within the Last Glacial Interglacial Transition (LGIT). A major driver for the YDS climate was a weakening of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC). It has been inferred that the AMOC began to strengthen mid-YDS, producing a bipartite structure of the YDS in records from continental Europe. These records imply that the polar front and westerlies shifted northward, producing a warmer second phase of the YDS in Europe...
March 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jeong-Hwan Han, Takuji Oda
Steels are easily corroded in a liquid lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) because their components, such as Fe, Cr and Ni, exhibit a high solubility in the liquid LBE. To understand the reason for such a high solubility of these 3d transition metals, we have performed first-principles molecular dynamics calculations and analyzed the pair-correlation functions, electronic densities of states, and Bader charges and volumes of the 3d transition metals dissolved in the liquid LBE as impurities. The calculations show that the 4s and 3d orbitals of the 3d impurity atoms largely interact with the 6p band of the LBE, which generates bonding orbitals...
April 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Giovanni V Resta, Tarun Agarwal, Dennis Lin, Iuliana P Radu, Francky Catthoor, Pierre-Emmanuel Gaillardon, Giovanni De Micheli
Two-dimensional semiconducting materials of the transition-metal-dichalcogenide family, such as MoS2 and WSe2, have been intensively investigated in the past few years, and are considered as viable candidates for next-generation electronic devices. In this paper, for the first time, we study scaling trends and evaluate the performances of polarity-controllable devices realized with undoped mono- and bi-layer 2D materials. Using ballistic self-consistent quantum simulations, it is shown that, with the suitable channel material, such polarity-controllable technology can scale down to 5 nm gate lengths, while showing performances comparable to the ones of unipolar, physically-doped 2D electronic devices...
March 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
Satoshi Okada, Mid Eum Lee, Erfei Bi, Hay-Oak Park
Cdc42 is a small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) that plays a central role in polarity development in diverse cell types. Since the activity of Cdc42 is dynamically controlled in time and space, it is required to develop a biosensor to monitor its activation in vivo. In this chapter, we describe the construction and usage of a simple and robust biosensor for monitoring active Cdc42 in budding yeast. This affinity-based biosensor uses a red fluorescent protein fused to a Cdc42- and Rac-interactive binding motif from one of the Cdc42 effector proteins...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
Hwa-Seon Seo, Raymond Habas, Chenbei Chang, Jianbo Wang
Convergent extension (CE) is a fundamental morphogenetic mechanism that underlies numerous processes in vertebrate development, and its disruption can lead to human congenital disorders such as neural tube closure defects. The dynamic, oriented cell intercalation during CE is regulated by a group of core proteins identified originally in flies to coordinate epithelial planar cell polarity (PCP). The existing model explains how core PCP proteins, including Van Gogh (Vang) and Dishevelled (Dvl), segregate into distinct complexes on opposing cell cortex to coordinate polarity among static epithelial cells...
March 13, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
Ching-Hwa Ho, Ya-Han Chen, Yung-Kang Kuo, C W Liu
The semiconductor optoelectronic properties of an inorganic (Bi(Bi2S3)9I3)2/3 hexagonal nano-/micro-rod are firstly explored herein. Transmittance and thermoreflectance measurements show that (Bi(Bi2S3)9I3)2/3 hexagonal rods possess an indirect gap of 0.73 eV and a direct gap of 1.08 eV, respectively. Hot-probe measurements of (Bi(Bi2S3)9I3)2/3 reveal the p-type semiconductor behavior and high thermoelectric voltage. Polarized Raman measurements of the m-plane (Bi(Bi2S3)9I3)2/3 (along c and perpendicular to the c axis) identify the structural anisotropy of the hexagonal nano-/micro-rod...
March 16, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Hao Yan, Umesh Bhattarai, Zhi-Fo Guo, Fu-Sen Liang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNAs that regulate translation by targeting mRNAs. In their biogenesis, precursor miRNAs (pre-miRNAs) are cleaved by RNase Dicer to give mature miRNAs. Herein, we report a new strategy to regulate miRNA biogenesis by using bi-functional small molecules that block Dicer catalyzed pre-miRNA cleavage. The bi-functional molecules consist of a pre-miRNA binding unit connected by a linker to a Dicer inhibiting unit. Recognition of a target pre-miRNA by the RNA binding unit brings the Dicer inhibitor unit into close proximity to the pre-miRNA cleavage site where it inhibits Dicer...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Ana Maria Toma, Alexandra Pop, Anca Silvestru, Tobias Rüffer, Heinrich Lang, Michael Mehring
New diorganobismuth(iii) bromides of type [RN(CH2C6H4)2]BiBr [R = C6H5CH2 (1), C6H5CH2CH2 (2), and CH3OCH2CH2 (3)], based on the heterocyclic butterfly-like tetrahydro-dibenzo[c,f][1,5]azabismocine framework, were prepared starting from the corresponding RN(CH2C6H4Br-2)2 in a succession of reactions including ortho-lithiation and treatment of the dilithio derivative with BiBr3 in a 1 : 1 molar ratio. Further exchange reactions between bromides and appropriate metal halides or ammonium fluoride resulted in the formation of [RN(CH2C6H4)2]BiX [X = Cl and I for R = C6H5CH2 (4 and 5) and C6H5CH2CH2 (6 and 7) and X = F (8), Cl (9), and I (10) for R = CH3OCH2CH2]...
March 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Neil M Drummond, Gabrielle Hayduk-Costa, Alexandra Leguerrier, Anthony N Carlsen
Increased reaction times (RT) during choice-RT tasks stem from a requirement for additional processing as well as reduced motor-specific preparatory activation. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can modulate primary motor cortex excitability, increasing (anodal stimulation) or decreasing (cathodal stimulation) excitability in underlying cortical tissue. The present study investigated whether lateralized differences in choice-RT would result from the concurrent modulation of left and right motor cortices using bi-hemispheric tDCS...
2017: PloS One
Weiyi Wang, Danni Liu, Shuai Hao, Fengli Qu, Yongjun Ma, Gu Du, Abdullah M Asiri, Yadong Yao, Xuping Sun
It is highly desired but still remains a key challenge to develop iron-based large-surface-area arrays as heterogeneous water oxidation catalysts that perform efficiently and durably under mild pH conditions for solar-to-hydrogen conversion. In this work, we report the in situ derivation of an iron phosphate-borate nanosheet array on carbon cloth (Fe-Pi-Bi/CC) from an iron phosphide nanosheet array via oxidative polarization in a potassium borate (KBi) solution. As a 3D catalyst electrode for water oxidation at mild pH, such a Fe-Pi-Bi/CC shows high activity and strong long-term electrochemical durability, and it only demands an overpotential of 434 mV to drive a geometrical catalytic current density of 10 mA cm(-2) with maintenance of its activity for at least 20 h in 0...
March 6, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Roman Khymyn, Ivan Lisenkov, Vasyl Tiberkevich, Boris A Ivanov, Andrei Slavin
The development of compact and tunable room temperature sources of coherent THz-frequency signals would open a way for numerous new applications. The existing approaches to THz-frequency generation based on superconductor Josephson junctions (JJ), free electron lasers, and quantum cascades require cryogenic temperatures or/and complex setups, preventing the miniaturization and wide use of these devices. We demonstrate theoretically that a bi-layer of a heavy metal (Pt) and a bi-axial antiferromagnetic (AFM) dielectric (NiO) can be a source of a coherent THz signal...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Carlotta Ciaramelli, Marco Fumagalli, Simona Viglio, Anna Maria Bardoni, Davide Piloni, Federica Meloni, Paolo Iadarola, Cristina Airoldi
This report describes the application of NMR spectroscopy to the profiling of metabolites in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALf) of lung transplant recipients without bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) (stable, S, n = 10), and with BOS at different degrees of severity (BOS 0p, n = 10; BOS I, n = 10). Through the fine-tuning of a number of parameters concerning both sample preparation/processing and variations of spectra acquisition modes, an efficient and reproducible protocol was designed for the screening of metabolites in a pulmonary fluid that should reflect the status of airway inflammation/injury...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
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