Read by QxMD icon Read

Bi polar

Jun Yang, Shasha Yin, Fangfang Bi, Lin Liu, Tian Qin, Hongwei Wang, Wangsen Cao
: TIMAP (TGFβ-inhibited membrane-associated protein) is an endothelium-enriched TGFβ downstream protein and structurally belongs to the targeting subunit of myosin phosphatase; however, the mechanism of TGFβ repressing TIMAP and its functional relevance to TGFβ bioactivity remain largely unknown. Here, we report that TIMAP is reduced in TGFβ-elevated mouse fibrotic kidney and highly expressed in macrophages. TGFβ repression of TIMAP is associated with HDAC3 upregulation and its recruitment by Smad2/3 at the Smad binding element on TIMAP promoter, whereas specific HDAC3 inhibition reversed the TIMAP repression, suggesting that TGFβ transcriptionally downregulates TIMAP through HDAC3-associated Smad signaling...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Anna Melkov, Raju Baskar, Yehonatan Alcalay, Uri Abdu
Intrinsic cell microtubule (MT) polarity, together with molecular motors and adaptor proteins, determines mitochondrial polarized targeting and MT-dependent transport. In polarized cells, such as neurons, mitochondrial mobility and transport require the regulation of kinesin and dynein by two adaptor proteins, Milton and Miro. Recently, we found that dynein heavy chain 64C (Dhc64C) is the primary motor protein for both anterograde and retrograde transport of mitochondria in the Drosophila bristle. In this study, we revealed that a molecular lesion in the Dhc64C allele that reduced bristle mitochondrial velocity generated a variant that acts as a "slow" dynein in a MT gliding assay, indicative of dynein directly regulating mitochondrial transport...
October 5, 2016: Development
Jia Bi, Xianxin Zeng, Lin Zhao, Qian Wei, Lifeng Yu, Xinnan Wang, Zhaojin Yu, Yaming Cao, Fengping Shan, Minjie Wei
Macrophages can acquire a variety of polarization status and functions: classically activated macrophages (M1 macrophages); alternatively activated macrophages (M2 macrophages). However, the molecular basis of the process is still unclear. Here, this study addresses that microRNA-181a (miR-181a) is a key molecule controlling macrophage polarization. We found that miR-181a is overexpressed in M2 macrophages than in M1 macrophages. miR-181a expression was decreased when M2 phenotype converted to M1, whereas it increased when M1 phenotype converted to M2...
2016: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
A Rohrbeck, G de la Flor, M I Aroyo, M Gospodinov, U Bismayer, B Mihailova
Resonance Raman spectroscopy was applied to doped PbSc0.5Ta0.5O3 and PbSc0.5Nb0.5O3 relaxor ferroelectrics, to better understand the effect of composition disorder on the mesoscopic-scale polar order in complex perovskite-type (ABO3) ferroelectrics. The excitation photon energy used was 3.8 eV, which is slightly above the energy gap and corresponds to the maximum of the optical dielectric permittivity. Group-theory analysis reveals that the resonance Raman scattering (RRS) observed under these conditions is allowed only in polar crystal classes...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Thomas Atterton, Isabelle De Groote, Constantine Eliopoulos
The construction of the biological profile from human skeletal remains is the foundation of anthropological examination. However, remains may be fragmentary and the elements usually employed, such as the pelvis and skull, are not available. The clavicle has been successfully used for sex estimation in samples from Iran and Greece. In the present study, the aim was to test the suitability of the measurements used in those previous studies on a British Medieval population. In addition, the project tested whether discrimination between sexes was due to size or clavicular strength...
October 2016: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
Celene Salgado-Miranda, Juan Pablo Medina, Andrea Paloma Zepeda-Velázquez, Michele García-Conejo, Karla Patricia Galindo-Sánchez, Mariusz Krzysztof Janczur, Edgardo Soriano-Vargas
A new coccidian species (Protozoa: Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) collected from the red warbler Cardellina rubra (Swainson) is reported from the Nevado de Toluca National Park, Mexico. Isospora cardellinae n. sp. has subspherical oöcysts, measuring on average 26.6 × 25.4 μm, with smooth, bi-layered wall, c.1.3 μm thick. Micropyle, oöcyst residuum, and polar granule are absent. Sporocysts are ovoidal, measuring on average 19.0 × 12.0 µm, with a knob-like Stieda body, a trapezoidal sub-Stieda body and sporocyst residuum composed of scattered spherules of different sizes...
October 2016: Systematic Parasitology
Chris T McAllister, R Scott Seville, Ruston Hartdegen
During May and June 2015, four common leaf-tailed geckos, Uroplatus fimbriatus (Schneider), five satanic leaf-tailed geckos, Uroplatus phantasticus (Boulenger), and four mossy leaf-tailed geckos, Uroplatus sikorae Boettger originally collected from Madagascar and housed at the Dallas Zoo, USA, had their faeces examined for coccidian parasites. Eight (62%) geckos were found to be passing oöcysts, including a new eimerian, a new isosporan and a previously described eimerian. Three of four (75%) U. fimbratus (type-host) and one of five (20%) U...
October 2016: Systematic Parasitology
Zhao Pan, Jun Chen, Runze Yu, Hajime Yamamoto, Yangchun Rong, Lei Hu, Qiang Li, Kun Lin, Li You, Kun Zhao, Longlong Fan, Yang Ren, Kenichi Kato, Masaki Azuma, Xianran Xing
Lead-free piezoelectrics have attracted increasing attention because of the awareness of lead toxicity to the environment. Here, a new bismuth-based lead-free perovskite, (1 - x)Bi(Zn0.5Ti0.5)O3-xBiFeO3, has been synthesized via a high-pressure and high-temperature method. It exhibits interesting properties of giant polarization, morphotropic phase boundary (MPB), and monoclinic phase. In particular, large tetragonality (c/a = 1.228) and giant spontaneous polarization of 110 μC/cm(2) has been obtained in 0...
October 3, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Machteld E Kamminga, Alessandro Stroppa, Silvia Picozzi, Mikhail Chislov, Irina A Zvereva, Jacob Baas, Auke Meetsma, Graeme R Blake, Thomas T M Palstra
High-quality single crystals of perovskite-like (CH3NH3)3Bi2I9 hybrids have been synthesized, using a layered-solution crystal-growth technique. The large dielectric constant is strongly affected by the polar ordering of its constituents. Progressive dipolar ordering of the methylammonium cation upon cooling below 300 K gradually converts the hexagonal structure (space group P63/mmc) into a monoclinic phase (C2/c) at 160 K. A well-pronounced, ferrielectric phase transition at 143 K is governed by in-plane ordering of the bismuth lone pair that breaks inversion symmetry and results in a polar phase (space group P21)...
September 14, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Xiaoming Liu, Ke Bi, Bo Li, Qian Zhao, Ji Zhou
In this work, we numerically designed and then experimentally verified a metamaterial perfect absorber based on artificial dielectric "atoms". This metamaterial absorber is composed of dielectric ceramic material (SrTiO<sub>3</sub>) "atoms" embedded in a background matrix on a metal plate. The dielectric "atoms" couple strongly to the incident electric and magnetic fields at the Mie resonance mode, leading to the narrow perfect absorption band with simulated and experimental absorptivities of 99% and 98...
September 5, 2016: Optics Express
Xian-Kui Wei, Chun-Lin Jia, Tomas Sluka, Bi-Xia Wang, Zuo-Guang Ye, Nava Setter
In contrast to the flexible rotation of magnetization direction in ferromagnets, the spontaneous polarization in ferroelectric materials is highly confined along the symmetry-allowed directions. Accordingly, chirality at ferroelectric domain walls was treated only at the theoretical level and its real appearance is still a mystery. Here we report a Néel-like domain wall imaged by atom-resolved transmission electron microscopy in Ti-rich ferroelectric Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3 crystals, where nanometre-scale monoclinic order coexists with the tetragonal order...
2016: Nature Communications
Chiho Lee, Hyewon Son, Sungnam Park
Hydrogen bonds (H-bonds) play an important role in determining the structures and dynamics of molecular systems. In this work, we investigated the effect of H-bonds on the vibrational population relaxation and orientational relaxation dynamics of HN3 and N3(-) in methanol (CH3OH) and N,N-dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) using polarization-controlled infrared pump-probe spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations. Our detailed analysis of experimental and computational results reveals that both vibrational population relaxation and orientational relaxation dynamics of HN3 and N3(-) in CH3OH and DMSO are substantially dependent on the strength of the H-bonds between the probing solute and its surrounding solvent...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Li Chen, Qiandong Zhuang, Yeqing Chen, Changmin Shi, Dongchao Wang
Using first-principle calculations, we report for the first time, the changes in electronic structures of a single bilayer Sn stacked on a single bilayer Sb(Bi) and on a single quintuple layer Sb2Te3 induced by both interface polarization and strain. With BL Bi and QL Sb2Te3 substrates, the stanene tends to have a low-buckled configuration, whereas with BL Sb substrate, the stanene prefers to form high-buckled configurations. For strained Sn/Sb(Bi) system, we find that the Dirac cone state is not present in the band gap, whereas in strained Sn/Sb2Te3 system, spin-polarized Dirac cone can be introduced into the band gap...
September 21, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Wangfeng Bai, Bo Shen, Jiwei Zhai, Feng Liu, Peng Li, Baihui Liu, Yang Zhang
In this work, the structure of end-member Bi(Me0.5Ti0.5)O3 (Me = Zn, Ni, Mg, Co) was calculated through a first-principles method and lead-free piezoelectric ternary systems (0.94 -x)(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-0.06BaTiO3-xBi(Me0.5Ti0.5)O3 (Me = Zn, Ni, Mg, Co) (BNT-BT-Bi(Me0.5Ti0.5)O3) were designed to achieve a large strain response for actuator applications. Composition-driven phase transition characteristics and the resulting associated piezoelectric and electromechanical properties were systematically investigated, and schematic phase diagrams were constructed...
September 28, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Shiying Zhang, Yang Zheng, Liming Zhang, Yanze Bi, Jianye Li, Jiao Liu, Youbin Yu, Heqing Guo, Yan Li
Pure Mg and a Mg-6wt.% Zn alloy were investigated as potential candidates for biodegradable implants for the urinary system. The in vitro corrosion behavior was studied by potentiodynamic polarization and immersion tests in simulated body fluid (SBF) at 37°C. The in vivo degradation and histocompatibility were examined through implantation into the bladders of Wistar rats. The alloying element Zn elevated the passivation potential and increased the cathodic current density. Both in vitro and in vivo degradation tests showed a faster corrosion rate for the Mg-6Zn alloy...
November 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Yang Shen, Guisheng Fang, Alexander Cerjan, Zhenguo Chi, Shanhui Fan, Chongjun Jin
Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) show great promise in providing an ultracompact platform for integrated photonic circuits. However, challenges remain in easily and efficiently coupling light into and subsequently routing SPPs. Here, we theoretically propose and experimentally demonstrate a switchable bi/tridirectional beam splitter which can simultaneously perform both tasks. The photonic device consists of a periodic array of slanted gold 'mushrooms' composed of angled dielectric pillars with gold caps extruding from a periodic array of perforations in a gold film...
August 25, 2016: Nanoscale
Ahuva Y Segal, Tracey L Sletten, Erin E Flynn-Evans, Steven W Lockley, Shantha M W Rajaratnam
While previous studies have demonstrated short-wavelength sensitivity to the acute alerting effects of light during the biological night, fewer studies have assessed the alerting effect of light during the daytime. This study assessed the wavelength-dependent sensitivity of the acute alerting effects of daytime light exposure following chronic sleep restriction in 60 young adults (29 men, 31 women; 22.5 ± 3.1 mean ± SD years). Participants were restricted to 5 h time in bed the night before laboratory admission and 3 h time in bed in the laboratory, aligned by wake time...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Rhythms
A Avantaggiato, G Bertuzzi, T Addonisio, G Iannucci, U Vitiello, F Carinci
Among non-ablative procedures in aesthetic medicine, the radiofrequency (RF) is one of the most popular for the treatment of face and body skin laxity. It can be classified as a physical bio-stimulation that produces a temperature increase on biological structures, using electromagnetic waves. The term encompasses devices having substantial differences in energy, wavelengths, handpieces dimension and structure. Moreover, for some of these, the protocols are only partially defined. The aim of this short review is to clarify some aspecst of the RF therapy starting from the physics, passing through the mechanism of action and finally, with the most suitable protocols...
April 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Juachi U Dimude, Sarah L Midgley-Smith, Monja Stein, Christian J Rudolph
Duplication of bacterial chromosomes is initiated via the assembly of two replication forks at a single defined origin. Forks proceed bi-directionally until they fuse in a specialised termination area opposite the origin. This area is flanked by polar replication fork pause sites that allow forks to enter but not to leave. The precise function of this replication fork trap has remained enigmatic, as no obvious phenotypes have been associated with its inactivation. However, the fork trap becomes a serious problem to cells if the second fork is stalled at an impediment, as replication cannot be completed, suggesting that a significant evolutionary advantage for maintaining this chromosomal arrangement must exist...
2016: Genes
Serkan Levent, Jana Gerstmeier, Abdurrahman Olgaç, Felix Nikels, Ulrike Garscha, Andrea Carotti, Antonio Macchiarulo, Oliver Werz, Erden Banoglu, Burcu Çalışkan
Pharmacological intervention with 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) pathway leading to suppression of leukotriene (LT) biosynthesis is a clinically validated strategy for treatment of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases such as asthma and atherosclerosis. Here we describe the synthesis of a series of C(5)-substituted analogues of the previously described 5-LO-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor BRP-7 (IC50 = 0.31 μM) to explore the effects of substitution at the C(5)-benzimidazole (BI) ring as a strategy to increase the potency against FLAP-mediated 5-LO product formation...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"