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Dermatomyositis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331962/splicing-variant-of-wdfy4-augments-mda5-signalling-and-the-risk-of-clinically-amyopathic-dermatomyositis
#1
Yuta Kochi, Yoichiro Kamatani, Yuya Kondo, Akari Suzuki, Eiryo Kawakami, Ryosuke Hiwa, Yukihide Momozawa, Manabu Fujimoto, Masatoshi Jinnin, Yoshiya Tanaka, Takashi Kanda, Robert G Cooper, Hector Chinoy, Simon Rothwell, Janine A Lamb, Jiří Vencovský, Heřman Mann, Koichiro Ohmura, Keiko Myouzen, Kazuyoshi Ishigaki, Ran Nakashima, Yuji Hosono, Hiroto Tsuboi, Hidenaga Kawasumi, Yukiko Iwasaki, Hiroshi Kajiyama, Tetsuya Horita, Mariko Ogawa-Momohara, Akito Takamura, Shinichiro Tsunoda, Jun Shimizu, Keishi Fujio, Hirofumi Amano, Akio Mimori, Atsushi Kawakami, Hisanori Umehara, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Hajime Sano, Yoshinao Muro, Tatsuya Atsumi, Toshihide Mimura, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Tsuneyo Mimori, Atsushi Takahashi, Michiaki Kubo, Hitoshi Kohsaka, Takayuki Sumida, Kazuhiko Yamamoto
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are a heterogeneous group of rare autoimmune diseases in which both genetic and environmental factors play important roles. To identify genetic factors of IIM including polymyositis, dermatomyositis (DM) and clinically amyopathic DM (CADM), we performed the first genome-wide association study for IIM in an Asian population. METHODS: We genotyped and tested 496 819 single nucleotide polymorphism for association using 576 patients with IIM and 6270 control subjects...
January 13, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330862/dermatomyositis-histopathologic-findings-of-parakeratosis-and-dermal-edema-revisited
#2
Lauren Levy, Heather Layher, Jennifer M McNiff, Christine J Ko
The cutaneous manifestations of dermatomyositis range from classical in the case of heliotrope rash and Gottron papules to less common papulosquamous and edematous/vesiculobullous lesions; histopathologic descriptions are dominated by interface dermatitis. We present a case of dermatomyositis with a combination of common and rare skin findings, both clinically and histologically. Increased awareness of papulosquamous and edematous lesions of dermatomyositis can help direct patient care. Although uncommon, confluent parakeratosis and dermal edema can be manifestations of dermatomyositis...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328539/early-detection-of-myocardial-involvement-by-t1-mapping-of-cardiac-mri-in-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathy
#3
Liuyu Yu, Jianhong Sun, Jiayu Sun, Jiangbo Li, Yang Dong, Xiaoyue Zhou, Andreas Greiser, Yuchi Han, Qing Zhang, Qibing Xie, Yucheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) are common types of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM), wherein patients are prone to adverse cardiovascular events. PURPOSE: To explore the value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for detecting cardiac involvement in PM/DM patients using a T1 mapping technique. STUDY TYPE: Prospective observational study. POPULATION: In all, 25 PM/DM patients free of cardiovascular symptoms and preserved ventricular systolic function and 25 healthy volunteers matched for age and sex served as controls...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325580/the-predictive-prognostic-factors-for-polymyositis-dermatomyositis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#4
Yumiko Sugiyama, Ryusuke Yoshimi, Maasa Tamura, Mitsuhiro Takeno, Yosuke Kunishita, Daiga Kishimoto, Yuji Yoshioka, Kouji Kobayashi, Kaoru Takase-Minegishi, Toshiyuki Watanabe, Naoki Hamada, Hideto Nagai, Naomi Tsuchida, Yutaro Soejima, Hiroto Nakano, Reikou Kamiyama, Takeaki Uehara, Yohei Kirino, Akiko Sekiguchi, Atsushi Ihata, Shigeru Ohno, Shouhei Nagaoka, Hideaki Nakajima
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is the principal cause of death in polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM). Here we investigated prognostic factors for death and serious infection in PM/DM-ILD using the multicenter database. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed baseline demographic, clinical and laboratory findings, treatment regimens and outcomes in patients with PM/DM-ILD. The distribution of ILD lesions was evaluated in four divided lung zones of high-resolution computed tomography images...
January 11, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321815/circulating-plasma-microrna-profiling-in-patients-with-polymyositis-dermatomyositis-before-and-after-treatment-mirna-may-be-associated-with-polymyositis-dermatomyositis
#5
Takuya Hirai, Keigo Ikeda, Hiroshi Tsushima, Maki Fujishiro, Kunihiro Hayakawa, Yuko Yoshida, Shinji Morimoto, Ken Yamaji, Yoshinari Takasaki, Kenji Takamori, Naoto Tamura, Iwao Sekigawa
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of key biological processes and have been implicated in various diseases, including autoimmune disorders. The pathogenesis of polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) is considered to be mediated by autoimmune reactions. To determine miRNA role in the development and progression of PM and DM, we performed plasma miRNA profiling in PM/DM patients before and after treatment. Methods: Total RNA was isolated from plasma of 10 patients before and after treatment with prednisolone, or, in case of prednisolone resistance or complications, with the combination of calcineurin inhibitors (cyclosporine or tacrolims) and/or pulse intravenous cyclophosphamide...
2018: Inflammation and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319550/systemic-calcinosis-in-nxp2-dermatomyositis
#6
Daniel Martín, Jose Curbelo, Fernando Moldenhauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319279/wong-type-dermatomyositis
#7
Dario Didona, Luca Fania, Biagio Didona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314651/prevalence-and-predictors-of-asymptomatic-vertebral-fractures-in-inflammatory-myositis
#8
Latika Gupta, Able Lawrence, Sukesh Edavalath, Ramnath Misra
AIM: To assess the frequency and risk factors of asymptomatic vertebral fractures in inflammatory myositis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Dorsal and lumbar spine lateral radiographs were taken for adults with inflammatory myositis and scored using Genant's semi-quantitative technique. Demographic data, weight, height, postmenopausal status, duration of corticosteroid use, drug intake, co-morbidities and past history of fractures were recorded. Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312776/case-report-dermatomyositis-associated-with-lung-cancer-with-heterogeneous-morphology
#9
Yin-Yin Qin, Cheng-Zhi Zhou, Zheng Zhu, Wei-Jie Guan, Xin-Qing Lin, Chun-Li Liu, Yu-Ming Zhou, Hua Wu, Ying-Ying Gu, De-Hua Zhang, Ming Ou-Yang, Nan-Shan Zhong, Shi-Yue Li
Dermatomyositis (DM) complicated with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is not rare, and could rapidly develop into severe lung cancer [performance-status score (PS) between 2 and 4]. Moreover, tumor has remarkable heterogeneity, and it is not possible to properly target treatments in cases of relapse without knowing pathological diagnosis. We retrospectively analyzed the diagnosis and treatment of a patient with DM complicated with NSCLC, which developed into severe lung cancer with heterogeneity of the tumor during chemotherapy...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309821/dermatomyositis-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#10
Diego M Da Silva, Basil Patel, Victoria P Werth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308288/microscopic-polyangiitis-with-dermatomyositis
#11
Erin M Bauer, Ernest Brahn
Dermatomyositis is a rare autoimmune disease with a heterogeneous presentation that often has multiple extramuscular manifestations, although it does not typically involve the renal function. A 62-year-old female presented with proximal muscle weakness and rashes, which are classic symptoms of dermatomyositis without creatine kinase (CK) elevation. Initial serologic evaluation revealed a positive p-ANCA, although she did not develop renal failure for several months, at which point renal biopsy findings were consistent with microscopic polyangiitis...
December 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307640/malignancy-associated-dermatomyositis-retrospective-case-control-study-from-a-single-tertiary-care-center
#12
Laura Kooistra, Claudia Ricotti, Fabrizio Galimberti, Carmen Gota, Anthony P Fernandez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306915/screening-for-connective-tissue-disease-associated-antibodies-by-automated-immunoassay
#13
Philippe Willems, Ellen De Langhe, Jolien Claessens, René Westhovens, Erna Van Hoeyveld, Koen Poesen, Steven Vanderschueren, Daniel Blockmans, Xavier Bossuyt
BACKGROUND: Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) are useful for the diagnosis of ANA-associated systemic rheumatic disease (AASRD). The objective of this study was the evaluation of an immunoassay that detects antibodies to a mixture of 17 antigens as an alternative to indirect immunofluorescence (IIF). METHODS: Nine thousand eight hundred and fifty-six consecutive patients tested for ANAs were tested by IIF and EliA connective tissue disease screen (Thermo-Fisher). Medical records were reviewed for 2475 patients, including all patients that tested positive/equivocal by either test and a selection of 500 patients that tested negative...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301801/clinically-amyopathic-dermatomyositis-associated-with-anti-mda5-antibody
#14
Konstantinos Parperis, Amirali Kiyani
Clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM) is a rare entity that presents with cutaneous manifestations of classic dermatomyositis but without muscle weakness or abnormal muscle enzymes. It is more common in young white and Asian females. A subset of patients with CADM has a specific antibody known as anti-MDA5. These patients have a more aggressive course with distinct cutaneous features, pulmonary involvement and early death. Here, we present the case of a 64-year-old Caucasian male with no significant medical history who was admitted with marked weight loss and a painful rash for 6 months...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297205/cyclophosphamide-for-connective-tissue-disease-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#15
REVIEW
Hayley Barnes, Anne E Holland, Glen P Westall, Nicole Sl Goh, Ian N Glaspole
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of individuals with interstitial lung disease (ILD) have associated connective tissue disease (CTD). The connective tissue disorders most commonly associated with ILD include scleroderma/systemic sclerosis (SSc), rheumatoid arthritis, polymyositis/dermatomyositis, and Sjögren's syndrome. Although many people with CTD-ILD do not develop progressive lung disease, a significant proportion do progress, leading to reduced physical function, decreased quality of life, and death...
January 3, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294600/rapid-changes-in-capillary-morphology-and-architecture-in-a-patient-with-dermatomyositis
#16
Sung-Jo Park, In-Ho Choi, Hyun-Sook Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289262/clinical-heterogeneity-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-polymyositis-and-dermatomyositis-patients-with-or-without-specific-autoantibodies
#17
Fang Chen, Shanshan Li, Tao Wang, Jingli Shi, Guochun Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the heterogeneity of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM/DM) according to serological type. METHODS: A total of 182 patients with PM/DM-ILD were observed retrospectively. Antiaminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (ARS) and antimelanoma differentiation-associated gene5 (MDA5) antibodies were screened using immunoblotting approach. The patients with ILD were divided into 3 groups: MDA5 (with anti-MDA5 antibody), ARS (with anti-ARS antibody) and MSN (without anti-MDA5 or anti-ARS antibody) group...
January 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287518/anti-mda5-positive-dermatomyositis-complicated-with-rapidly-progressive-interstitial-lung-disease-a-case-report
#18
Eva De Backer, Félix Gremonprez, Guy Brusselle, Pieter Depuydt, Jo Van Dorpe, Carole Van Haverbeke, Pieter C Goeminne, Eric Derom
CASE PRESENTATION:  We present a case of a 55-year-old Caucasian male with manifestations of dermatomyositis complicated with rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD). Diagnosis of anti-MDA5 positive dermatomyositis was made. DISCUSSION:  Myositis specific antibodies (MSA) can be used for diagnosis and predicting prognosis in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis. Anti-MDA5 positive dermatomyositis should be considered in patients presenting with dermatomyositis and a disease course resembling antisynthetase syndrome in the absence of antisynthetase autoantibodies, especially if a remarkably high ferritin is noted...
December 29, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249766/occurrence-of-dermatomyositis-immediately-after-mastectomy-subsequent-to-severe-chemotherapeutic-drug-eruption
#19
Yuki Otsuka, Haruki Watanabe, Yuzuki Kano, Noriko Tatebe, Katsue Sunahori-Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Ken-Ei Sada, Jun Wada
We herein report a patient with breast cancer who developed dermatomyositis (DM) immediately after mastectomy. She had a history of severe drug eruption during neoadjuvant chemotherapy six months previously. Within a month after the operation, myalgia and rash, including Gottron's papules, developed, and skeletal-muscle enzymes elevated, so she was diagnosed with probable DM according to the Bohan and Peter criteria. In many neoplastic DM cases, the course of the disease parallels the course of the malignancy...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245175/development-and-testing-of-a-hybrid-measure-of-muscle-strength-in-juvenile-dermatomyositis-for-use-in-routine-care
#20
Giulia Camilla Varnier, Silvia Rosina, Cristina Ferrari, Angela Pistorio, Alessandro Consolaro, Francesca Bovis, Sara Dalprà, Clarissa Pilkington, Susan Maillard, Adele Civino, Elena Tsitsami, Jaime de Inocencio, Marija Jelusic, Jelena Vojinovic, Graciela Espada, Balahan Makay, Maria Martha Katsicas, Polixeni Pratsidou-Gertsi, Dragana Lazarevic, Anand Prahalad Rao, Denise Pires Marafon, Nicolino Ruperto, Alberto Martini, Angelo Ravelli
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a hybrid measure of muscle strength for juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM), which is based on the combination of the Manual Muscle Testing 8 (MMT8) and the Childhood Myositis Assessment Scale (CMAS), but is more comprehensive than the former and more feasible than the latter. METHODS: The hybrid MMT/CMAS (hMC) is composed of all 8 items of the MMT8 and 3 items of the CMAS: 1) time of head lift; 2) assessment of abdominal muscles; 3) floor rise...
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
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