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Tamas Jilling, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, C Michael Cotten, Colin A Martin, Akhil Maheshwari, Kurt Schibler, Joshua Levy, Grier P Page
BACKGROUND: Twin studies suggest that genetic factors may account for up to 50% increased risk for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), but genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for NEC are lacking. METHODS: Genotyping was done on Illumina BeadChip, followed by analysis using PLINK with logistic regression under an additive model. RESULTS: Among 751 extremely low birth weight (<1000 g, >401 g) neonates, 30 had surgical NEC. 261 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) showed association with NEC at P<0...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Dimitrios Pilalas, Lemonia Skoura, Apostolia Margariti, Fani Chatzopoulou, Dimitrios Chatzidimitriou, Olga Tsachouridou, Pantelis Zebekakis, Simeon Metallidis, Maria Papaioannou
OBJECTIVES: Despite successful virological suppression, HIV transcription frequently persists intracellularly. In this study, we hypothesize that HIV persistent transcription(HIVpt) may affect to a different extent patients on stable efavirenz(EFV) versus atazanavir(ATV)-based regimens. The role of the expression of drug efflux transporters in HIVpt was also investigated. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 51 virologically suppressed patients on first-line treatment for one year with EFV or ATV combined with emtricitabine and tenofovir and followed them up for one year...
2018: PloS One
Jian Zhao, Jian Xu, Rui Zhang
Colon cancer is one of common cancer in the world and glycolysis is one of the major problems in colon cancer therapy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) involve in colon cancer progression. Sushi repeat-containing protein X-linked 2 (SRPX2) is associated with poor prognosis in some cancer patients, however, the role of SRPX2 including glycolytic metabolism regulated by miRNAs is unclear in colon cancer. So, the purpose of the present study is to elucidate the underlying mechanism in colon cancer metabolism mediated by SRPX2...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Yusaku Kajihara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Jan Tønnesen, V V G Krishna Inavalli, U Valentin Nägerl
The extracellular space (ECS) of the brain has an extremely complex spatial organization, which has defied conventional light microscopy. Consequently, despite a marked interest in the physiological roles of brain ECS, its structure and dynamics remain largely inaccessible for experimenters. We combined 3D-STED microscopy and fluorescent labeling of the extracellular fluid to develop super-resolution shadow imaging (SUSHI) of brain ECS in living organotypic brain slices. SUSHI enables quantitative analysis of ECS structure and reveals dynamics on multiple scales in response to a variety of physiological stimuli...
February 22, 2018: Cell
Bai Liu, Monica Jones, Lin Kong, Terra Noel, Emily K Jeng, Sixiang Shi, Christopher G England, Sarah Alter, Jeffrey S Miller, Weibo Cai, Peter R Rhode, Hing C Wong
ALT-803 is a fusion protein complex consisting of an interleukin (IL)-15 superagonist and a dimeric IL-15 receptor alpha sushi domain IgG1 Fc fusion protein. When administered to mice, ALT-803 is capable of inducing natural killer (NK) and CD8 + T cell proliferation and activation, and effectively promoting potent anti-tumor responses. Currently, ALT-803 is in clinical trials for treatment of various solid tumors and hematological malignancies. In the initial phase of these clinical studies, intravenous (iv) injection was used according to the route used in pre-clinical efficacy studies...
February 13, 2018: Cytokine
Ana Isabel Vitas, Dixita Naik, Lara Pérez-Etayo, David González
The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence and patterns of resistance of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae in food products purchased in Navarra, northern Spain. A total of 174 samples of fish and chicken were analyzed from September 2015 to September 2016, including raw and ready-to-eat products: trout (n = 25), salmon (n = 28), panga (n = 13), chicken nuggets and chicken scalopes (n = 32), sushi (n = 31) and sliced cooked poultry (n = 45)...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Sungsam Gong, Michelle D Johnson, Justyna Dopierala, Francesca Gaccioli, Ulla Sovio, Miguel Constância, Gordon Cs Smith, D Stephen Charnock-Jones
DNA methylation is an important regulator of gene function. Fetal sex is associated with the risk of several specific pregnancy complications related to placental function. However, the association between fetal sex and placental DNA methylation remains poorly understood. We carried out whole-genome oxidative bisulfite sequencing in the placentas of two healthy female and two healthy male pregnancies generating an average genome depth of coverage of 25x. Most highly ranked differentially methylated regions (DMRs) were located on the X chromosome but we identified a 225 kb sex-specific DMR in the body of the CUB and Sushi Multiple Domains 1 (CSMD1) gene on chromosome 8...
January 29, 2018: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Enzo Kopperger, Jonathan List, Sushi Madhira, Florian Rothfischer, Don C Lamb, Friedrich C Simmel
The use of dynamic, self-assembled DNA nanostructures in the context of nanorobotics requires fast and reliable actuation mechanisms. We therefore created a 55-nanometer-by-55-nanometer DNA-based molecular platform with an integrated robotic arm of length 25 nanometers, which can be extended to more than 400 nanometers and actuated with externally applied electrical fields. Precise, computer-controlled switching of the arm between arbitrary positions on the platform can be achieved within milliseconds, as demonstrated with single-pair Förster resonance energy transfer experiments and fluorescence microscopy...
January 19, 2018: Science
Elisabete da Costa, Vitor Azevedo, Tânia Melo, Andreia M Rego, Dmitry V Evtuguin, Pedro Domingues, Ricardo Calado, Rui Pereira, Maria H Abreu, Maria R Domingues
Porphyra dioica is a commercial seaweed consumed all over the world, mostly in the shape of nori sheets used for "sushi" preparation. It is a well-known part of the Asian diet with health benefits, which have been associated, among others, to the high levels of n-3 and n-6 fatty acids in this red alga. However, other highly valued lipids of Porphyra are polar lipids that remain largely undescribed and can have both nutritional value and bioactivity, thus could contribute to the valorization of this seaweed...
January 17, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Tokiwa Toshihiro, Yuya Kobayashi, Ike Kazunori, Yasuyuki Morishima, Hiromu Sugiyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Gerardo Avila-Martin, Manuel Mata-Roig, Iriana Galán-Arriero, Julian S Taylor, Xavier Busquets, Pablo V Escribá
Sensorimotor dysfunction following incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) is often characterized by paralysis, spasticity and pain. Previously, we showed that intrathecal (i.t.) administration of the albumin-oleic acid (A-OA) complex in rats with SCI produced partial improvement of these symptoms and that oral 2-hydroxyoleic acid (HOA, a non-hydrolyzable OA analogue), was efficacious in the modulation and treatment of nociception and pain-related anxiety, respectively. Here we observed that intrathecal treatment with the complex albumin-HOA (A-HOA) every 3 days following T9 spinal contusion injury improved locomotor function assessed with the Rotarod and inhibited TA noxious reflex activity in Wistar rats...
2017: PloS One
Caitlyn L McCafferty, Yuri V Sergeev
A protein's amino acid sequence dictates the folds and final structure the macromolecule will form. We propose that by identifying critical residues in a protein's atomic structure, we can select a critical stability framework within the protein structure essential to proper protein folding. We use global computational mutagenesis based on the unfolding mutation screen to test the effect of every possible missense mutation on the protein structure to identify the residues that cannot tolerate a substitution without causing protein misfolding...
2017: PloS One
S Miguéis, C Saraiva, A Esteves
Sushi restaurants have become quite popular in Europe, with an increase in the consumption of the sashimi speciality. Pathogenic bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, and Bacillus cereus have been reported in this kind of food. Controlling the presence and multiplication of L. monocytogenes is a challenge for food safety management systems owing to its ubiquitous presence and psychrotrophic growth. Bacteriophages have been used as pathogenic biocide agents for decades. The bacteriophage P100, present in LISTEX P100, was used in this study to understand the possibility of implementing a new critical control point for L...
December 2017: Journal of Food Protection
(no author information available yet)
In the article entitled "Sushi repeat-containing protein X-linked 2 promotes angiogenesis through the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor dependent integrin αvβ3/focal adhesion kinase pathways" by Liu KL et al. (Drug Discov Ther. 2017; 11(4):212-217.), a mistake in Figure 3a (αvβ3) has been identified. Figure 3 is printed below.
2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Piotr Kulawik, Dani Dordevic, Florian Gambuś, Katarzyna Szczurowska, Marzena Zając
BACKGROUND: The study determined the heavy metal contamination (mercury, cadmium, lead, arsenic and nickel) of nori, restaurant-served sushi and ready-to-eat sushi meals available through retail chains. Moreover the microbiological loads and biogenic amines content in ready-to-eat sushi meals were analysed. RESULTS: All the nori samples contained high levels of Cd (2.122 mg kg(-1) ), Ni (0.715 mg kg(-1) ), As (34.56 mg kg(-1) ) and Pb (0.659 mg kg(-1) ). The studied sushi samples contained high levels of Ni and Pb, reaching 0...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Jordan Leroy, Marjorie Cornu, Anne Sophie Deleplancque, Séverine Loridant, Emmanuel Dutoit, Boualem Sendid
We describe a case of imported cutaneous gnathostomiasis in a Thai patient living in France. Gnathostomiasis is a zoonosis of food origin. The disease is endemic in Southeast Asia and Latin America. However, over the past 30 years, an increasing number of imported cases has been described in Europe and America. The disease is rare in Western Europe and the majority of cases described had a cutaneous clinical presentation. The disease may sometimes be confused with allergy, leading to a delay in diagnosis. Visceral symptoms are rare but may follow severe attacks...
October 16, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
Weihong Qi, Ralph Schlapbach, Hubert Rehrauer
As a revolutionary technology for life sciences, RNA-seq has many applications and the computation pipeline has also many variations. Here, we describe a protocol to perform RNA-seq data analysis where the aim is to identify differentially expressed genes in comparisons of two conditions. The protocol follows the recently published RNA-seq data analysis best practice and applies quality checkpoints throughout the analysis to ensure reliable data interpretation. It is written to help new RNA-seq users to understand the basic steps necessary to analyze an RNA-seq dataset properly...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Borja Ocón, Junliang Pan, Theresa Thu Dinh, Wenjing Chen, Romain Ballet, Michael Bscheider, Aida Habtezion, Hua Tu, Brian A Zabel, Eugene C Butcher
Chemoattractants control lymphocyte recruitment from the blood, contributing to the systemic organization of the immune system. The G protein-linked receptor GPR15 mediates lymphocyte homing to the large intestines and skin. Here we show that the 9 kDa CC-motif containing cationic polypeptide AP57/colon-derived sushi containing domain-2 binding factor (CSBF), encoded by C10orf99 in the human and 2610528A11Rik in the mouse, functions as a chemokine ligand for GPR15 (GPR15L). GPR15L binds GPR15 and attracts GPR15-expressing T cells including lymphocytes in colon-draining lymph nodes and Vγ3(+) thymic precursors of dermal epithelial T cells...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Shanshan Shi, Shaobin Lin, Baojiang Chen, Yi Zhou
The current study presents a patient carrying a de novo ~6 Mb deletion of the isolated chromosome 8p23.2‑pter that was identified with a single‑nucleotide polymorphism array. The patient was characterized by developmental delay (DD)/intellectual disability (ID), microcephaly, autism spectrum disorder, attention‑deficit/hyperactivity disorders and mildly dysmorphic features. The location, size and gene content of the deletion observed in this patient were compared with those in 7 patients with isolated 8p23...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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