keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Resistance exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646597/a-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonographic-study-about-the-impact-of-long-term-exercise-training-on-mammary-tumor-vascularization
#1
Ana I Faustino-Rocha, Adelina Gama, Paula A Oliveira, Katrien Vanderperren, Jimmy H Saunders, Maria J Pires, Rita Ferreira, Mário Ginja
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of long-term exercise training on the vascularization of rat mammary tumors. METHODS: Female rats were divided into 4 groups: N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) treated sedentary, MNU treated exercised, control sedentary, and control exercised. Tumor development was induced in the MNU groups by MNU administration. Exercised groups were trained for 35 weeks. Tumor vascularization was evaluated by pulsed Doppler and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645653/catalase-overexpression-modulates-metabolic-parameters-in-a-new-stress-less-leptin-deficient-mouse-model
#2
Deborah L Amos, Tanner Robinson, Melissa B Massie, Carla Cook, Alexis Hoffsted, Courtney Crain, Nalini Santanam
Oxidative stress plays a key role in obesity by modifying the function of important biological molecules, thus altering obesogenic pathways such as glucose and lipid signaling. Catalase, is an important endogenous antioxidant enzyme that catabolizes hydrogen peroxide produced by the dismutation of superoxide. Recent studies have shown knockdown of catalase exacerbates insulin resistance and leads to obesity. We hypothesized that overexpressing catalase in an obese mouse will modulate obesogenic pathways and protect against obesity...
June 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643356/bimagrumab-improves-body-composition-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-insulin-resistant-subjects
#3
Tania Garito, Ronenn Roubenoff, Marcus Hompesch, Linda Morrow, Katherine Gomez, Daniel Rooks, Charles Meyers, Monte Buchsbaum, Srikanth Neelakantham, Therese Swan, Lee Anne Filosa, Didier Laurent, Olivier Petricoul, Marjorie Zakaria
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle is a key mediator of insulin resistance. Bimagrumab, an antibody against activin receptor type II (ActRII), prevents binding of negative muscle regulators, like myostatin, and increases lean mass and decreases fat mass in animal models. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that an improving body composition in insulin resistant individuals could enhance insulin sensitivity. METHODS: Sixteen individuals with mean body mass index (BMI) = 29...
June 23, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642859/exercise-induced-bronchospasm-and-allergy
#4
REVIEW
Serena Caggiano, Renato Cutrera, Antonio Di Marco, Attilio Turchetta
Sport is an essential part of childhood, with precious and acknowledged positive health effects but the impact of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) significantly reduces participation in physical activity. It is important to recognize EIB, differentiating EIB with or without asthma if the transient narrowing of the airways after exercise is associated with asthmatic symptoms or not, in the way to select the most appropriate treatment among the many treatment options available today. Therapy is prescribed based on symptoms severity but diagnosis of EIB is established by changes in lung function provoked by exercise evaluating by direct and indirect tests...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642676/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-protein-and-exercise
#5
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Chad M Kerksick, Bill I Campbell, Paul J Cribb, Shawn D Wells, Tim M Skwiat, Martin Purpura, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Arny A Ferrando, Shawn M Arent, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jeffrey R Stout, Paul J Arciero, Michael J Ormsbee, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Doug S Kalman, Richard B Kreider, Darryn S Willoughby, Jay R Hoffman, Jamie L Krzykowski, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption occurs before or after resistance exercise.For building muscle mass and for maintaining muscle mass through a positive muscle protein balance, an overall daily protein intake in the range of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641680/ophthalmological-evaluation-of-integrated-resistance-and-aerobic-training-during-70-day-bed-rest
#6
Giovanni Taibbi, Ronita L Cromwell, Susana B Zanello, Patrice O Yarbough, Robert J Ploutz-Snyder, Bernard F Godley, Gianmarco Vizzeri
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated ophthalmic changes in healthy individuals who underwent integrated resistance and aerobic training (iRAT) during 70-d 6° head-down tilt (HDT) bed rest (BR). METHODS: Participants were selected using NASA standard screening procedures. Standardized NASA BR conditions were implemented. Subjects were randomly assigned to the iRAT protocol or no exercise during HDTBR. Weekly ophthalmic examinations were performed in the sitting (pre/post-BR only) and HDT (BR only) positions...
July 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641044/the-effects-of-short-versus-long-inter-set-rest-intervals-in-resistance-training-on-measures-of-muscle-hypertrophy-a-systematic-review
#7
Jozo Grgic, Bruno Lazinica, Pavle Mikulic, James W Krieger, Brad Jon Schoenfeld
Although the effects of short versus long inter-set rest intervals in resistance training on measures of muscle hypertrophy have been investigated in several studies, the findings are equivocal and the practical implications remain unclear. In an attempt to provide clarity on the topic, we performed a systematic literature search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) electronic databases. Six studies were found to have met the inclusion criteria: (a) an experimental trial published in an English-language peer-reviewed journal; (b) the study compared the use of short (≤60 s) to long (>60 s) inter-set rest intervals in a traditional dynamic resistance exercise using both concentric and eccentric muscle actions, with the only difference in resistance training among groups being the inter-set rest interval duration; (c) at least one method of measuring changes in muscle mass was used in the study; (d) the study lasted for a minimum of four weeks, employed a training frequency of ≥2 resistance training days per week, and (e) used human participants without known chronic disease or injury...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640772/the-effect-of-a-carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-on-upper-body-muscular-strength-and-endurance
#8
James E Dunkin, Shaun M Phillips
Dunkin, JE and Phillips, SM. The effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on upper-body muscular strength and endurance. J Strength Cond Res 31(7): 1948-1953, 2017-Carbohydrate (CHO) mouth rinsing rapidly increases corticomotor output and maximal muscle force production, which could enhance muscular strength and endurance during resistance exercise. However, previous research has found no effect of CHO rinsing on muscular strength or endurance. The current study altered the CHO rinse composition and frequency and the muscular endurance test to further investigate the effects of a CHO mouth rinse on upper-body muscular strength and endurance...
July 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638350/branched-chain-amino-acid-ingestion-stimulates-muscle-myofibrillar-protein-synthesis-following-resistance-exercise-in-humans
#9
Sarah R Jackman, Oliver C Witard, Andrew Philp, Gareth A Wallis, Keith Baar, Kevin D Tipton
The ingestion of intact protein or essential amino acids (EAA) stimulates mechanistic target of rapamycin complex-1 (mTORC1) signaling and muscle protein synthesis (MPS) following resistance exercise. The purpose of this study was to investigate the response of myofibrillar-MPS to ingestion of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) only (i.e., without concurrent ingestion of other EAA, intact protein, or other macronutrients) following resistance exercise in humans. Ten young (20.1 ± 1.3 years), resistance-trained men completed two trials, ingesting either 5...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637406/socioeconomic-status-the-missing-link-between-obesity-and-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Alexei Volaco, Ana Maria Cavalcanti, Roberto Pecoits Filho, Dalton Bertolim Précoma
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an epidemic expansion of the obesity rates worldwide. The increasing number of obese individuals associated with the aging of population leads to increasing number of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at the same rate. The traditional factors that link obesity to T2DM are related to genetics, hypercaloric diet, sedentary lifestyle, and stress. Individuals from lower socioeconomic status (SES) have restricted autonomy and opportunities that could lead to more stress and consequently increase in stress hormones, such as cortisol, catecholamines, glucagon, and growth hormone, which might ultimately change fat deposition, increasing visceral fat and increasing the risk of T2DM mellitus development...
June 21, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637073/-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-oncology-what%C3%A2-makes-sense
#11
Axel Eustachi, Dieter Melchart
The basis of any complementary therapy should be the recommendation of a healthy lifestyle (diet, nutrition, exercise, stress-reduction), and appropriate self-help techniques (e. g. thermotherapy, herbal OTC-products) aimed at releasing the patients' most debilitating symptoms. For therapy-resistant or strong symptoms, more invasive interventions or medical treatments with an acceptable evidence base can be used (e. g. acupuncture for cancer pain, herbal prescriptions). The effects of any complementary intervention should be controlled for a period of six weeks after its administration...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636204/aerobic-exercise-training-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia
#12
REVIEW
Julia Bidonde, Angela J Busch, Candice L Schachter, Tom J Overend, Soo Y Kim, Suelen M Góes, Catherine Boden, Heather Ja Foulds
BACKGROUND: Exercise training is commonly recommended for individuals with fibromyalgia. This review is one of a series of reviews about exercise training for people with fibromyalgia that will replace the "Exercise for treating fibromyalgia syndrome" review first published in 2002. OBJECTIVES: • To evaluate the benefits and harms of aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia• To assess the following specific comparisons ० Aerobic versus control conditions (eg, treatment as usual, wait list control, physical activity as usual) ० Aerobic versus aerobic interventions (eg, running vs brisk walking) ० Aerobic versus non-exercise interventions (eg, medications, education) We did not assess specific comparisons involving aerobic exercise versus other exercise interventions (eg, resistance exercise, aquatic exercise, flexibility exercise, mixed exercise)...
June 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635190/characteristics-of-structured-physical-training-currently-provided-in-cardiac-patients-insights-from-the-exercise-training-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-etcr-italian-survey
#13
Marco Ambrosetti, Patrick Doherty, Pompilio Faggiano, Ugo Corrà, Carlo Vigorito, Dominique Hansen, Patrizio Sarto, Ana Abreu, Roberto F E Pedretti
BACKGROUND:   Uncertainty exists about current delivery levels of exercise training (ET) during Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) programmes. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate ET modalities in the real world of CR facilities in Italy. METHODS: This was an observational survey of aggregate data, collected from CR facilities on a voluntary basis. Snapshots of a single working day at a local site were made, in terms of characteristics of patients and ET programmes delivered...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632046/targeting-associated-mechanisms-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-in-female-community-level-athletes
#14
Jonathan M D Staynor, Joanna C Nicholas, Gillian Weir, Jacqueline A Alderson, Cyril J Donnelly
This study aims to determine if biomechanically informed injury prevention training can reduce associated factors of anterior cruciate ligament injury risk among a general female athletic population. Female community-level team sport athletes, split into intervention (n = 8) and comparison groups (n = 10), completed a sidestepping movement assessment prior to and following a 9-week training period, in which kinetic, kinematic and neuromuscular data were collected. The intervention group completed a biomechanically informed training protocol, consisting of plyometric, resistance and balance exercises, adjunct to normal training, for 15-20 min twice a week...
February 24, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631257/the-validity-and-responsiveness-of-isometric-lower-body-multi-joint-tests-of-muscular-strength-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
David Drake, Rodney Kennedy, Eric Wallace
BACKGROUND: Researchers and practitioners working in sports medicine and science require valid tests to determine the effectiveness of interventions and enhance understanding of mechanisms underpinning adaptation. Such decision making is influenced by the supportive evidence describing the validity of tests within current research. The objective of this study is to review the validity of lower body isometric multi-joint tests ability to assess muscular strength and determine the current level of supporting evidence...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630576/no-effect-of-a-whey-growth-factor-extract-during-resistance-training-on-strength-body-composition-or-hypertrophic-gene-expression-in-resistance-trained-young-men
#16
Michael J Dale, Alison M Coates, Peter R C Howe, Grant R Tomkinson, Matthew T Haren, Andrew Brown, Marissa Caldow, David Cameron-Smith, Jonathan D Buckley
Growth factors can be isolated from bovine milk to form a whey growth factor extract (WGFE). This study examined whether WGFE promoted activation of the AKT/mTOR pathway enabling increased lean tissue mass and strength in resistance trained men. Forty six men with >6 months of resistance training (RT) experience performed 12 weeks of RT. Participants consumed 20 g/day of whey protein and were randomised to receive either 1.6 g WGFE/day (WGFE; n = 22) or 1.6 g cellulose/day (control, CONT; n = 24). The primary outcome was leg press one-repetition maximum (LP1-RM) which was assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 weeks...
June 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628370/multiple-joint-exercises-using-elastic-resistance-bands-vs-conventional-resistance-training-equipment-a-cross-over-study
#17
Vegard M Iversen, Paul Jarle Mork, Ottar Vasseljen, Ronny Bergquist, Marius S Fimland
Previous studies indicate that elastic resistance bands (ERB) can be a viable option to conventional resistance-training equipment (CRE) during single-joint resistance exercises, but their efficacy has not been established for several commonly used multiple-joint resistance exercises. Thus, we compared muscular activation levels in four popular multiple-joint exercises performed with ERB (TheraBand(®)) vs. CRE (Olympic barbell or cable pulley machines). In a cross-over design, men and women (n = 29) performed squats, stiff-legged deadlifts, unilateral rows and lateral pulldown using both modalities...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628064/exercise-training-reduces-intrathoracic-fat-regardless-of-defective-glucose-tolerance
#18
Sanna M Honkala, Kumail K Motiani, Jari-Joonas Eskelinen, Anna Savolainen, Virva Saunavaara, Kirsi A Virtanen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Jukka Kapanen, Juhani Knuuti, Kari K Kalliokoski, Jarna C Hannukainen
PURPOSE: Epicardial (EAT) and pericardial (PAT) fat masses and myocardial triglyceride content (MTC) are enlarged in obesity and insulin resistance. We studied whether the high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) similarly decrease ectopic fat in and around the heart and whether the decrease is similar in healthy subjects and subjects with defective glucose tolerance (DGT). METHODS: A total of 28 healthy men (body mass index = 20...
July 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623895/effects-of-home-based-exercise-on-pre-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-randomized-pilot-and-feasibility-trial
#19
Koji Hiraki, Yugo Shibagaki, Kazuhiro P Izawa, Chiharu Hotta, Akiko Wakamiya, Tsutomu Sakurada, Takashi Yasuda, Kenjiro Kimura
BACKGROUND: Only a few research is available on the effects of home-based exercise training on pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the effect of home-based exercise therapy on kidney function and arm and leg muscle strength in pre-dialysis CKD patients. METHODS: Thirty-six male stage 3-4 pre-dialysis CKD patients (age, 68.7 ± 6.8 years; estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 39.0 ± 11.6 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) who were being treated as outpatients were included...
June 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623713/indirect-sinusoidal-vibrations-induces-an-acute-increase-in-explosive-strength
#20
Leandro V de Paula, Pedro V S Moreira, Rudolf Huebner, Leszek A Szmuchrowski
The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effect of indirect vibration on neuromuscular responses and fatigue resistance (electromyographic activity - EMG and force) during isometric exercise. Nineteen healthy men (age=22.4±2.7years; body mass=76.4±12.9kg, height=175±6.7cm) performed isometric elbow flexion exercises in three experimental treatments: only isometric exercise (control - CON); isometric exercise with the addition of sinusoidal vibrations (SVE1; frequency=20Hz, displacement=3.55±0...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
keyword
keyword
38474
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"