keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Resistance exercise

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455431/menstrual-phase-and-the-vascular-response-to-acute-resistance-exercise
#1
Jacqueline A Augustine, Kayla N Nunemacher, Kevin S Heffernan
INTRODUCTION: Aerobic exercise has a favorable effect on systemic vascular function, reducing both central (large elastic artery) and peripheral (smaller muscular artery) stiffness. The effects of resistance exercise (RE) on arterial stiffness are more complex. Acute RE increases central artery stiffness while decreasing peripheral stiffness. To date, the majority of studies have been performed in predominantly male participants. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of acute RE on central and peripheral arterial stiffnesses in women, a secondary purpose was to explore the influence of cyclic changes in estrogen status across the menstrual cycle on the arterial response to acute RE...
February 17, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453742/the-effect-of-physical-activity-interventions-on-glycosylated-haemoglobin-hba-1c-in-non-diabetic-populations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Iván Cavero-Redondo, Bárbara Peleteiro, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Enrique G Artero, Miriam Garrido-Miguel, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is widely perceived to be beneficial for preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus and for controlling glycaemic levels in patients with type 2 diabetes, but evidence supporting a positive effect in the control of glycaemic levels in healthy people is rather weak. The aim of this review was to estimate the effect of physical activity on glycaemic control measured by glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA 1c ) levels in non-diabetic populations, and to determine which type of physical activity has a greater influence on glycaemic control...
February 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452135/evidence-based-exercise-recommendations-to-reduce-hepatic-fat-content-in-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
María Medrano, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Idoia Labayen
The main purposes of this study were to elucidate the effects of supervised-exercise training (ET) interventions on hepatic fat content and on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prevalence in children and adolescents and to provide information about the optimal ET prescription (type, intensity, volume, and frequency) needed to reduce hepatic fat content in youths. Supervised-ET interventions performed in children and adolescents (6-19 years) that provided results of exercise effects on hepatic fat content or NAFLD prevalence were included...
February 13, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451065/shoulder-and-arm-muscle-activity-during-elastic-band-exercises-performed-in-a-hospital-bed
#4
Sebastian Skals, Jonas Vinstrup, Emil Sundstrup, Markus D Jakobsen, Christoffer H Andersen, Lars L Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Muscle atrophy is a common side-effect of bed rest during hospitalization. However, resistance training may minimize or even prevent these complications. Therefore, we evaluated the efficiency of four upper-body elastic resistance exercises that could be performed while lying or sitting in a hospital bed. METHODS: Twenty-two healthy subjects performed three repetitions of each exercise in a supine and seated position with a perceived intensity of 3 (low) and 8 (high) on the Borg CR10 Scale...
February 16, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449002/shoulder-joint-kinetics-and-dynamics-during-underwater-forward-arm-elevation
#5
Jessy Lauer, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Hélène Rouard
Aquatic exercises are widely implemented into rehabilitation programs. However, both evaluating their mechanical demands on the musculoskeletal system and designing protocols to provide progressive loading are difficult tasks. This study reports for the first time shoulder joint kinetics and dynamics during underwater forward arm elevation performed at speeds ranging from 22.5 to 90°/s. Net joint moments projected onto anatomical axes of rotation, joint power, and joint work were calculated in 18 participants through a novel approach coupling numerical fluid flow simulations and inverse dynamics...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448855/acute-effects-of-blood-flow-restriction-on-exercise-induced-free-radical-production-in-young-and-healthy-subjects
#6
Christoph Centner, Denise Zdzieblik, Patrick Dressler, Bruno Fink, Albert Gollhofer, Daniel König
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the acute local and systemic effects of low-load resistance exercise (30% 1RM) with partial vascular occlusion on exercise-induced free radical production and to compare these effects with other established training methods. Fifteen young and healthy males (25 ± 3 years) performed the following four sessions in a counterbalanced order on separate days: low-load resistance exercise (LI: 30% 1RM), low-load resistance exercise with blood flow restriction (LIBR: 30% 1RM), high-load resistance exercise (HI: 80% 1RM) and an additional session without exercise but blood flow restriction only (BR)...
February 16, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447080/improved-lower-extremity-pedaling-mechanics-in-individuals-with-stroke-under-maximal-workloads
#7
Susan M Linder, Anson B Rosenfeldt, Andrew S Bazyk, Mandy Miller Koop, Sarah Ozinga, Jay L Alberts
Background Individuals with stroke present with motor control deficits resulting in the abnormal activation and timing of agonist and antagonist muscles and inefficient movement patterns. The analysis of pedaling biomechanics provides a window into understanding motor control deficits, which vary as a function of workload. Understanding the relationship between workload and motor control is critical when considering exercise prescription during stroke rehabilitation. Objectives To characterize pedaling kinematics and motor control processes under conditions in which workload was systematically increased to an eventual patient-specific maximum...
February 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446746/mechanisms-involved-in-glycemic-control-promoted-by-exercise-in-diabetics
#8
Eric Francelino Andrade, Viviam de Oliveira Silva, Debora Ribeiro Orlando, Luciano Jose Pereira
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease characterized by high glycemic levels for long periods. This disease has a high prevalence in the world population, being currently observed an increase in its incidence. This fact is mainly due to the sedentary lifestyle and hypercaloric diets. Non-pharmacological interventions for glycemic control include exercise, which promotes changes in skeletal muscle and adipocytes. Thus, increased glucose uptake by skeletal muscle and decreased insulin resistance through modulating adipocytes are the main factors that improve glycemic control against diabetes...
February 14, 2018: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446252/what-is-the-effect-of-exercise-on-wound-healing-in-patients-with-venous-leg-ulcers-a-systematic-review
#9
Daisy Smith, Rebecca Lane, Rosemary McGinnes, Jane O'Brien, Renea Johnston, Lyndal Bugeja, Victoria Team, Carolina Weller
Standard best practice for the treatment of venous leg ulcers (VLUs) is compression bandaging of the lower leg to reduce hydrostatic pressure. There is considerable variation in reported healing rates when using this gold-standard approach; therefore, a systematic and robust evaluation of other interventions is required. Exercise interventions, in addition to standard compression therapy, could improve wound-healing time and prevent their recurrence. We have conducted a systematic review to examine the effects of exercise on wound characteristics, including time to heal, size and recurrence, pain, quality of life, adverse events, and economic outcomes...
February 15, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445285/the-effect-of-exercise-on-cancer-related-fatigue-in-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Ellen Kessels, Olga Husson, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
Objective: The objective of the study was to conduct systematic review and meta-analysis to establish the effect of exercise interventions on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in cancer survivors, compared to non-exercise intervention controls. Methods: Trials published between January 1st 2000 and August 17th 2016 were included through PubMed database search and search of references. Eligible trials compared the effect of an exercise intervention on CRF compared to non-exercise intervention controls, with CRF as primary outcome and measured by validated self-report questionnaire, in cancer survivors not receiving palliative care...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445271/immune-cell-response-to-strenuous-resistive-breathing-comparison-with-whole-body-exercise-and-the-effects-of-antioxidants
#11
Andreas Asimakos, Dimitrios Toumpanakis, Maria-Helena Karatza, Spyridoula Vasileiou, Paraskevi Katsaounou, Zafeiria Mastora, Theodoros Vassilakopoulos
Background/hypothesis: Whole body exercise (WBE) changes lymphocyte subset percentages in peripheral blood. Resistive breathing, a hallmark of diseases of airway obstruction, is a form of exercise for the inspiratory muscles. Strenuous muscle contractions induce oxidative stress that may mediate immune alterations following exercise. We hypothesized that inspiratory resistive breathing (IRB) alters peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and that oxidative stress mediates lymphocyte subpopulation alterations following both WBE and IRB...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444538/-effects-of-judo-specific-resistance-training-on-kinetic-and-electromyographic-parameters-of-pulling-exercises-in-judo-athletes
#12
Norman Helm, Olaf Prieske, Thomas Muehlbauer, Tom Krüger, Urs Granacher
BACKGROUND: In judo, rapid force production during pulling movements is an important component of athletic performance, which is why this capacity needs to be specifically exercised in judo. This study aimed at examining the effects of a judo-specific resistance training program using a judo ergometer system (PTJ) versus a traditional resistance training regime using a partner (PTP) on kinetics and muscle activity of judo-specific pulling exercises. METHOD: Twenty-four male judo athletes (age: 22 ± 4 years, training experience: 15 ± 3 years) were randomly assigned to two groups...
February 14, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444520/remodeling-of-wall-mechanics-and-the-myogenic-mechanism-of-rat-intramural-coronary-arterioles-in-response-to-a-short-term-daily-exercise-program-role-of-endothelial-factors
#13
Mária Szekeres, György L Nádasy, Gabriella Dörnyei, Annamária Szénási, Akos Koller
PURPOSE: Exercise elicits early adaptation of coronary vessels enabling the coronary circulation to respond adequately to higher flow demands. We hypothesized that short-term daily exercise induces biomechanical and functional remodeling of the coronary resistance arteries related to pressure. METHODS: Male rats were subjected to a progressively increasing 4-week treadmill exercise program (over 60 min/day, 1 mph in the final step). In vitro pressure-diameter measurements were performed on coronary segments (119 ± 5 μm in diameter at 50 mm Hg) with microarteriography...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443739/effects-of-exercise-on-secretion-transport-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-noncystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Daniele Oliveira Dos Santos, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza, José Antônio Baddini-Martinez, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Ada Clarice Gastaldi
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is characterized by pathological and irreversible bronchial dilatation caused by the inefficient mucus and microorganism clearance and progression of inflammatory processes. The most frequent characteristic is the increase in bronchial mucus production resulting in slower transport and damage to the mucociliary transport. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of exercise on mucus transport, inflammation, and resistance of the respiratory and autonomic nervous systems and subsequent effects on quality of life in patients with bronchiectasis who are enrolled in a pulmonary rehabilitation program...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443549/endurance-exercise-training-and-high-fat-diet-differentially-affect-composition-of-diacylglycerol-molecular-species-in-rat-skeletal-muscle
#15
Noriaki Kawanishi, Kana Takagi, Hyeon-Cheol Lee, Daiki Nakano, Toshiaki Okuno, Takehiko Yokomizo, Shuichi Machida
Insulin resistance of peripheral muscle is implicated in the aetiology of metabolic syndrome in obesity. Although accumulation of glycerolipids, such as triacylglycerol and diacylglycerol (DAG), in muscle contributes to insulin resistance in obese individuals, endurance-trained athletes also have higher glycerolipid levels but normal insulin sensitivity. We hypothesised that the difference in insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscle between athletes and obese individuals stems from changes in fatty acid composition of accumulated lipids...
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440695/combination-of-nutritional-polyphenols-supplementation-with-exercise-training-counteracts-insulin-resistance-and-improves-endurance-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#16
Karen Lambert, Marie Hokayem, Claire Thomas, Odile Fabre, Cécile Cassan, Annick Bourret, Florence Bernex, Christine Feuillet-Coudray, Cécile Notarnicola, Jacques Mercier, Antoine Avignon, Catherine Bisbal
Separately, polyphenols and exercise are known to prevent insulin resistance (IR) but their combined curative effects on established obesity and IR require further investigation. Therefore, we compared the metabolic effects of a combination of exercise and grape polyphenols supplementation in obese IR rats with high-fat diet (EXOPP) to the effect of high-fat diet alone (HF) or with a nutritional supplementation of grape polyphenols (PP) or with endurance exercise (EXO) during 8 wks. We observed an improvement of systemic and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in EXO and EXOPP rats...
February 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440149/cancer-cachexia-rationale-for-the-menac-multimodal-exercise-nutrition-and-anti-inflammatory-medication-for-cachexia-trial
#17
REVIEW
Tora S Solheim, Barry J A Laird, Trude R Balstad, Asta Bye, Guro Stene, Vickie Baracos, Florian Strasser, Gareth Griffiths, Matthew Maddocks, Marie Fallon, Stein Kaasa, Kenneth Fearon
Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial syndrome characterised by an ongoing loss of skeletal muscle mass that cannot be fully reversed by conventional nutritional support alone. Cachexia has a high prevalence in cancer and a major impact on patient physical function, morbidity and mortality. Despite the consequences of cachexia, there is no licensed treatment for cachexia and no accepted standard of care. It has been argued that the multifactorial genesis of cachexia lends itself to therapeutic targeting through a multimodal treatment...
February 9, 2018: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438584/regional-regulation-of-focal-adhesion-kinase-after-concentric-and-eccentric-loading-is-related-to-remodeling-of-human-skeletal-muscle
#18
Martino V Franchi, Severin Ruoss, Paola Valdivieso, Kyle W Mitchell, Kenneth Smith, Philip J Atherton, Marco V Narici, Martin Flück
AIMS: We assessed focal adhesion kinase (FAK) response to concentric (CON) versus eccentric (ECC) resistance training (RT) at two vastus lateralis (VL) sites, and the relationships between FAK, muscle protein synthesis (MPS), and morphological remodeling. METHODS: Six young males trained both legs unilaterally 3 times/week for 8 weeks; one leg performed CON RT, the contralateral performed ECC RT. Muscle biopsies were collected after training from VL midbelly (MID) and distal (Distal) sites at 0, 4, 8 weeks...
February 13, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437487/swim-exercise-inhibits-hemostatic-abnormalities-in-a-rat-model-of-obesity-and-insulin-resistance
#19
Mohammad Dallak, Ismaeel Bin-Jaliah, Hussein F Sakr, Bahjat Al-Ani, Mohamed A Haidara
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether swim exercise can inhibit high carbohydrate and fat diet (HCFD)-induced biomarkers of coagulation and thrombosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Rats were either fed with HCFD (model group) or a standard laboratory chow (control group) for 15 weeks. Swim exercise-'treated' rats started swim exercise training from the 11th week until being sacrificed, on Week 15. RESULTS: HCFD caused a significant increase in blood glucose, insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipidemia, and inflammatory biomarkers...
February 13, 2018: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434808/double-bundle-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-is-effective-in-rescuing-failed-primary-reconstruction-and-re-introducing-patients-to-physical-exercise
#20
Changqing Jiang, Guofei Chen, Peng Chen, Wei Li, Honglei Zhang, Wentao Zhang
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of a pair of cruciate ligaments in the human knee and is critical for knee stability, as it limits anterior tibial translation on the femur, restrains rotation and resists varus and valgus joint forces. The present study aimed to assess the effect of double-bundle revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in improving the subjective and objective functions and re-introducing patients to physical activity after primary ACL reconstruction had failed. A total of 34 patients who underwent double-bundle ACL revision surgeries were included in the present retrospective study...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
keyword
keyword
38474
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"