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Muscle strength

Fabian Grasss, Basile Pache, David Martin, Valérie Addor, Dieter Hahnloser, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) guidelines advocate early postoperative mobilisation to counteract catabolic changes due to immobilisation and maintain muscle strength. The present study aimed to assess compliance to postoperative mobilisation according to ERAS recommendations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study on consecutive colorectal surgical procedures treated within an established ERAS protocol within a single center between May 2011 and May 2017...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Shota Oda, Masashi Izumi, Koji Aso, Masahiko Ikeuchi
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicates that knee pain gives rise to sensory and motor alterations, however, whether different profile of knee pain causes different alterations has not been investigated. The purpose of this experimental study is to clarify characteristics of medial and lateral knee pain and its potential for modulating sensory and motor function in humans. METHODS: Fourteen healthy men were included. Medial knee pain (MP) was induced by injection of hypertonic saline (0...
June 23, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Keyla Mara Dos Santos, Thuane Da Roza, Luis Mochizuki, Eliane Regina Mendoza Arbieto, Soraia Cristina Tonon da Luz
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Studies have shown that there is a co-contraction between the pelvic floor and abdominal muscles. This study aimed to evaluate pelvic floor and abdominal muscle function in continent and incontinent female athletes and to investigate the association between these muscle groups. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Forty nulliparous professional female athletes who competed at the municipal level or above participated in this study...
June 22, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Ethan C Hill, Terry J Housh, Joshua L Keller, Cory M Smith, Richard J Schmidt, Glen O Johnson
PURPOSE: Low-intensity venous blood flow restriction (vBFR) resistance training has been shown to promote increases in muscle strength and size. Eccentric-only muscle actions are typically a more potent stimulus to increase muscle strength and size than concentric-only muscle actions performed at the same relative intensities. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the time-course of changes in muscle strength, hypertrophy, and neuromuscular adaptations following 4 weeks of unilateral forearm flexion low-intensity eccentric vBFR (Ecc-vBFR) vs...
June 22, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
Bhavuk Garg, Vikrant Manhas, Anand Vardhan, Deep Narayan Srivastava, Chandan J Das, Deepti Vibha, Vivek Gupta, Rajesh Malhotra, Prakash Kotwal
PURPOSE: To objectively assess recovery of thumb opposition in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) after open carpal tunnel release and to evaluate electrophysiological and magnetic resonance (MR) neurography findings as predictors of thumb opposition recovery. METHODS: A total of 22 patients with severe CTS and thenar atrophy were included in this study. A detailed clinical, electrophysiological, and MR neurography evaluation was done both before and after surgery at 6 months to assess thumb opposition recovery...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Jayme Augusto Bertelli
PURPOSE: To report the clinical outcomes of elbow flexion reconstruction using a reverse free gracilis muscle flap plus Steindler flexorplasty in patients with previously failed reconstruction of extended upper-type brachial plexus paralysis. METHODS: Twenty-four male patients were reoperated upon an average of 45 months (SD, ± 45 months) after brachial plexus repair. The gracilis tendon was secured to the acromion, and the muscle belly was sutured to the biceps distal tendon...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Kosuke Takeuchi, Masahiro Takemura, Masatoshi Nakamura, Fumiko Tsukuda, Shumpei Miyakawa
Takeuchi, K, Takemura, M, Nakamura, M, Tsukuda, F, and Miyakawa, S. Effects of active and passive warm-ups on range of motion, strength, and muscle passive properties in ankle plantarflexor muscles. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of active and passive warm-ups on flexibility and strength of calf muscles. Fourteen healthy males (age: 23.1 ± 2.6 years, height: 172.7 ± 5.6 cm, and body mass: 64.5 ± 7.0 kg) performed 3 types of warm-ups respectively for 10 minutes in a random order: an active warm-up by pedaling a cycling ergometer, an active warm-up doing repeated isometric contractions, and a passive warm-up in a hot water bath...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Anna Holm, Pia Dreyer
The use of light and no sedation is gaining currency in the intensive care unit, resulting in more conscious patients. Due to mechanical ventilation, patients are unable to communicate verbally, and may feel frustration. Communication tools may help; however, they are not used systematically in clinical practice. Based on "complex interventions" and a qualitative approach, a communication tool was modified, tested, and evaluated in this study. The tools consisted of a tablet with communication software and a laminated "communication book" with identical structure...
June 22, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Anniece Spencer, Nuzhat Majid, Gina M McCaskill, Loretta T Lee
Pre-diabetes is the underlying pathology for type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Prevention Program is a proven, effective strategy to control or prevent type 2 diabetes; however, there is limited data on what motivates people with pre-diabetes to participate in a Diabetes Prevention Program. Cross-sectional analysis of survey data from adults with pre-diabetes was conducted from October to November 2015. Fisher's exact test was utilized to examine relationships between study variables. Findings indicated that muscle strength was related to commitment to healthy lifestyle behaviors (p = 0...
July 2017: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
Aliae Ar Mohamed-Hussein, Hoda A Makhlouf, Zahraa I Selim, Waleed Gamaleldin Saleh
BACKGROUND: In COPD weight loss and muscle wasting contribute significantly to morbidity, disability and handicap. Dominant-handgrip strength for evaluation of muscle strength has not been tested as a parameter to predict outcome of weaning from mechanical ventilation (MV). OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the association between handgrip strength and the duration and success of weaning and extubation outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 34 COPD patients requiring MV for at least 48 hours...
June 22, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
A Patel, M H Edwards, K A Jameson, K A Ward, Nicholas Fuggle, C Cooper, E M Dennison
There are few longitudinal data on change in bone structure and muscle mass, strength and function in later life. We report these, and consider bone-muscle interrelationships in older men and women. We studied 188 men and 166 women from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study, who underwent peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) of the radius and tibia in 2004-2005 and then again in 2011-2012. Grip strength and gait speed were also assessed at both timepoints. Percentage change per year was calculated for grip strength, gait speed, muscle cross-sectional area (mCSA), fat cross-sectional area (fCSA) and diaphyseal bone parameters [total area (Tt...
June 21, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
Lise Sofie Bislev, Lene Langagergaard Rødbro, Lars Rolighed, Tanja Sikjaer, Lars Rejnmark
Vitamin D insufficiency and hyperparathyroidism have been associated with reduced muscle strength, physical performance, postural stability, well-being, and quality of life. In a double-blinded, randomized placebo-controlled trial, we aimed to investigate effects of vitamin D3 supplementation on above-mentioned outcomes in healthy community-dwelling postmenopausal women with plasma levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) below < 50 nmol/l and high parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. Participants (N = 81) were 1:1 treated with vitamin D3, 70 µg (2800 IU)/day or identical placebo for three months during wintertime (56°N)...
June 21, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
Andy C M Chan, Deborah A Jehu, Marco Y C Pang
Background: Individuals with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) often experience pain and reduced balance control, which may predispose them to greater fall risk. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and circumstance of falls and fall-related risk factors within a 6-month follow-up period in individuals after TKA. Design: This study was a prospective cohort study. Methods: Knee proprioception, the Balance Systems Evaluation Test, knee pain, knee extension and flexion muscle strength, knee range of motion, and balance confidence were evaluated in 134 individuals (39 men, 95 women; mean age = 66...
June 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
Eduardo Simões Da Matta
Use of compression therapy to reduce the incidence of postthrombotic syndrome among patients with deep venous thrombosis is a controversial subject and there is no consensus on use of elastic versus inelastic compression, or on the levels and duration of compression. Inelastic devices with a higher static stiffness index, combine relatively small and comfortable pressure at rest with pressure while standing strong enough to restore the "valve mechanism" generated by plantar flexion and dorsiflexion of the foot...
October 2017: Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Natacha Angélica da Fonseca Miranda, Cássia da Luz Goulart, Audrey Borghi E Silva, Dannuey Machado Cardoso, Dulciane Nunes Paiva, Renata Trimer, Andréa Lúcia Gonçalves da Silva
Background: The pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is complex and understanding of it has been changing in recent years, with regard to its multisystemic manifestations, especially peripheral dysfunction and its influence on intolerance to exercise. Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) and peripheral muscle strength and exercise capacity in COPD patients. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 35 patients with COPD who were evaluated with the Ankle-Brachial Index, handgrip strength test, 1 repetition maximum (1RM) of knee extensors and flexors, and distance covered in the incremental shuttle walking test (dISWT)...
October 2017: Jornal Vascular Brasileiro
Shivam Om Mittal, Duarte Machado, Diana Richardson, Divyanshu Dubey, Bahman Jabbari
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of incobotulinumtoxinA (IncoA) injection for treatment of essential hand tremor. In essential tremor and Parkinson's disease tremor, administration of onabotulinumtoxinA via a fixed injection approach improves the tremor but a high percentage of patients (30-70%) develop moderate to severe hand weakness which has limited its use in clinical practice. METHODS: This study was performed from July 2013 to July 2016 on 33 subjects...
June 12, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Joaquim Gea, Antoni Sancho-Muñoz, Roberto Chalela
Nutritional abnormalities are frequent in different chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis (CF), interstitial fibrosis and lung cancer, having important clinical consequences. However, nutritional abnormalities often remained underdiagnosed due to the relative lack of awareness of health professionals. Therefore, systematic anthropometry or even better, assessment of body composition, should be performed in all patients with chronic respiratory conditions, especially following exacerbation periods when malnutrition becomes more accentuated...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Gislaine S Kogure, Rafael C Silva, Cristiana L Miranda-Furtado, Victor B Ribeiro, Daiana C C Pedroso, Anderson S Melo, Rui A Ferriani, Rosana Maria Dos Reis
Kogure, GS, Silva, RC, Miranda-Furtado, CL, Ribeiro, VB, Pedroso, DCC, Melo, AS, Ferriani, RA, and Reis, RMd. Hyperandrogenism enhances muscle strength after progressive resistance training, independent of body composition, in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The effects of resistance exercise on muscle strength, body composition, and increase in cross-sectional area of skeletal muscle (hypertrophy) were evaluated in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This case-control study included 45 PCOS and 52 non-PCOS women, with age between 18-37 years and body mass index of 18-39...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jeffrey H Mettler, Robert Shapiro, Michael B Pohl
Mettler, JH, Shapiro, R, and Pohl, MB. Effects of a hip flexor stretching program on running kinematics in individuals with limited passive hip extension. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Tightness of the hip flexor muscle group may theoretically contribute to altered kinematics of the lumbo-pelvic-hip (LPH) complex during dynamic movements. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a 3-week home-based stretching program on passive hip extension and sagittal plane kinematics of the LPH complex when running...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Brad J Schoenfeld, Brett S Nickerson, Colin D Wilborn, Stacie L Urbina, Sara B Hayward, James Krieger, Alan A Aragon, Grant M Tinsley
Schoenfeld, BJ, Nickerson, BS, Wilborn, CD, Urbina, SL, Hayward, SB, Krieger, J, Aragon, AA, and Tinsley, G. Comparison of multifrequency bioelectrical impedance vs. dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry for assessing body composition changes after participation in a 10-week resistance training program. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MF-BIA) to determine alterations in total and segmental body composition across a 10-week resistance training (RT) program in comparison with the criterion reference dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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