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Zhaohui Qiu, Jie Peng, Lingli Mou, Xiao Li, Fanqi Meng, Peng Yu
Multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumors occurs when tumor cells exhibit reduced sensitivity to a large number of unrelated drugs. The molecular mechanism of MDR commonly involves overexpression of the plasma membrane drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (P-gp). Overexpression of P-gp may be induced by the selection and/or adaptation of cells during exposure to chemotherapeutic drugs, referred to as acquired P-gp-mediated MDR. This study aimed to establish a P-gp quantification method by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography and Tandem Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) to better understand the regulation of P-gp expression and its relationship with the level of drug resistance...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Karin Kfir-Elirachman, Rona Ortenberg, Bella Vizel, Michal J Besser, Iris Barshack, Jacob Schachter, Yael Nemlich, Gal Markel
BRAF becomes constitutively activated in 50% to 70% of melanoma cases. CEACAM1 has a dual role in melanoma, including facilitation of cell proliferation and suppression of infiltrating lymphocytes, which are consistent with its value as a marker for poor prognosis in melanoma patients. Here we show that BRAFV600E melanoma cells treated with BRAF and MEK inhibitors (MAPKi) downregulate CEACAM1 mRNA and protein expression in a dose- and exposure time-dependent manners. Indeed, there is a significant correlation between the presence of BRAFV600E and CEACAM1 expression in melanoma specimens obtained from 45 patients...
March 17, 2018: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Sowmya Mekala, Subbarao V Tullimilli, Ramasatyaveni Geesala, Kanakaraju Manupati, Neha R Dhoke, Amitava Das
Apoptotic hepatocytes release factors that activate Hepatic Stellate Cells (HSCs) thereby inducing hepatic fibrosis. In the present study, in vivo and in vitro injury models were established using acetaminophen, ethanol, carbon tetrachloride or thioacetamide. Hepatotoxicant-induced diseased hepatic tissue histology correlated with a differential expression of fibrosis-related genes. Marked increase in co-staining of TGFRIIβ-Desmin or α-SMA-PDGFRβ, markers of activated HSCs, in liver sections of these hepatotoxicant-treated mice also depicted an increase in Annexin V-Cytokeratin expressing hepatocytes...
March 20, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Kirsten Glaser, Christine Silwedel, Markus Fehrholz, Birgit Henrich, Ana Maria Waaga-Gasser, Heike Claus, Christian P Speer
Being generally regarded as commensal bacteria, the pro-inflammatory capacity of Ureaplasma species has long been debated. Recently, we confirmed Ureaplasma-driven pro-inflammatory cytokine responses and a disturbance of cytokine equilibrium in primary human monocytes in vitro. The present study addressed the expression of CC chemokines and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in purified term neonatal and adult monocytes stimulated with serovar 8 of Ureaplasma urealyticum (Uu) and serovar 3 of U. parvum (Up)...
2018: PloS One
Yoonha Kim, Bong-Gyu Mun, Abdul Latif Khan, Muhammad Waqas, Hyun-Ho Kim, Raheem Shahzad, Muhammad Imran, Byung-Wook Yun, In-Jung Lee
This study investigated the regulatory role of exogenous salicylic acid (SA) in rice and its effects on toxic reactive oxygen and nitrogen species during short-term salinity stress. SA application (0.5 and 1.0 mM) during salinity-induced stress (100 mM NaCl) resulted in significantly longer shoot length and higher chlorophyll and biomass accumulation than with salinity stress alone. NaCl-induced reactive oxygen species production led to increased levels of lipid peroxidation in rice plants, which were significantly reduced following SA application...
2018: PloS One
Dawei Cai, Zongjian Liu, Guangqi Kong
BACKGROUND Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have emerged as important regulators in carcinogenesis and metastasis. However, the knowledge of circRNAs in bladder cancer remains limited. This study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of circRNAs in the development and progression of bladder cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS Three pairs of bladder carcinomas (including high- and low-grade tumors) and adjacent normal tissues were collected from patients. The total RNAs were extracted from these samples and subjected to Clariom D microarray assays to detect the differentially expressed circRNAs and mRNAs...
March 20, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Leonardo Elia, Paolo Kunderfranco, Pierluigi Carullo, Marco Vacchiano, Floriana Maria Farina, Ignacio Fernando Hall, Stefano Mantero, Cristina Panico, Roberto Papait, Gianluigi Condorelli, Manuela Quintavalle
Adult vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) possess the peculiar ability to de-differentiate in response to extracellular cues, such as vascular damage and inflammation. De-differentiated VSMCs are proliferative, migratory, and have decreased contractile capacity. VSMC dedifferentiation contributes not only to vascular repair, but also to cardiovascular pathologies, such as intimal hyperplasia/restenosis in coronary artery or peripheral vascular diseases and arterial aneurysm. We here demonstrate the role of ubiquitin-like, containing PHD and RING finger domains, 1 (UHRF1) as an epigenetic master regulator of VSMC plasticity...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Rei-Lin Kuo, Chi-Jene Chen, Ee-Hong Tam, Chung-Guei Huang, Li-Hsin Li, Zong-Hua Li, Pei-Chia Su, Hao-Ping Liu, Chih-Ching Wu
Influenza A virus infections can result in severe respiratory diseases. The H7N9 subtype of avian influenza A virus has been transmitted to humans and caused severe disease and death. Nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) of influenza A virus is a virulence determinant during viral infection. To elucidate the functions of the NS1 encoded by influenza A H7N9 virus (H7N9 NS1), interaction partners of H7N9 NS1 in human cells were identified with immunoprecipitation followed by SDS-PAGE coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GeLC-MS/MS)...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Zhenjing Jin, Siqi Liu, Qian Zhang, Xue Shao, Jingting Ma, Liulan Pan
BACKGROUND: Hepatic fibrosis is a reversible pathological process. Inflammatory responses are the prevailing reactions during hepatic fibrosis. Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) has been reported to have an anti-inflammatory effect. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the preventive effects of DcR3 on hepatic fibrosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hepatic fibrosis was induced in rats by administering intraperitoneally (ip.) 1% dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Katarzyna J Błochowiak, Dorota Trzybulska, Anna Olewicz-Gawlik, Jan J Sikora, Michalina Nowak-Gabryel, Jarosław Kocięcki, Henryk Witmanowski, Jerzy Sokalski
BACKGROUND: Aberrant angiogenesis plays a role in the pathogenesis of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) in stimulatory parotid saliva and in serum in healthy subjects (HS), patients with primary SS (pSS) and secondary SS (sSS) and to evaluate the expression of EGF, proangiogenic VEGF165 and antiangiogenic VEGF165 b mRNA isoforms. Additionally, we determined the salivary levels of serine/arginine splicing factor (SRSF1), which regulates VEGF165 and VEGF165 b expression...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Ciarán Condon, Jéremie Piton, Frédérique Braun
We recently identified a novel ribonuclease in Bacillus subtilis called Rae1 that cleaves mRNAs in a translation-dependent manner. Rae1 is a member of the NYN/PIN family of ribonucleases and is highly conserved in the Firmicutes, the Cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of photosynthetic algae and plants. We have proposed a model in which Rae1 enters the A-site of ribosomes that are paused following translation of certain sequences that are still ill-defined. In the only case identified thus far, Rae1 cleaves between a conserved glutamate and lysine codon during translation of a short peptide called S1025...
March 20, 2018: RNA Biology
Gustavo Nieto-Alamilla, Juan Escamilla-Sánchez, María-Cristina López-Méndez, Anayansi Molina-Hernández, Agustín Guerrero-Hernández, José-Antonio Arias-Montaño
In stably-transfected human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, we have compared the effect of activating two isoforms of 445 and 365 amino acids of the human histamine H3 receptor (hH3 R445 and hH3 R365 ) on [35 S]-GTPγS binding, forskolin-induced cAMP formation, depolarization-induced increase in the intracellular concentration of Ca2+ ions ([Ca2+ ]i) and depolarization-evoked [3  H]-dopamine release. Maximal specific binding (Bmax ) of [3  H]-N-methyl-histamine to cell membranes was 953 ± 204 and 555 ± 140 fmol/mg protein for SH-SY5Y-hH3 R445 and SH-SY5Y-hH3 R365 cells, respectively, with similar dissociation constants (Kd , 0...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
An Eerdekens, Lies Langouche, Fabian Güiza, Johan Verhaeghe, Gunnar Naulaers, Christine Vanhole, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy, maternal thyroid hormone supply is crucial for fetal development. Preterm infants often present with hypothyroxinemia. Preterm birth, either spontaneous or medically indicated, is always the result of a complicated pregnancy. We hypothesized that in preterm birth, the maternal transplacental thyroid hormone supply is influenced by the pregnancy complication and we questioned whether maternal and placental compensatory mechanisms are activated to increase thyroid hormone transfer...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Maria-Eleni Kyriazi, Davide Giust, Afaf H El-Sagheer, Peter M Lackie, Otto L Muskens, Tom Brown, Antonios G Kanaras
The design of nanoparticulate systems which can perform multiple synergistic functions in cells with high specificity and selectivity is of great importance in applications. Here we combine recent advances in DNA-gold nanoparticle self-assembly and sensing to develop gold nanoparticle dimers that are able to perform multiplexed synergistic functions within a cellular environment. These dimers can sense two mRNA targets and simultaneously or independently deliver one or two DNA-intercalating anticancer drugs (doxorubicin and mitoxantrone) in live cells...
March 20, 2018: ACS Nano
Jian-An Li, Chang-Fu Zhao, Shao-Jun Li, Jun Zhang, Zhen-Hua Li, Qiao Zhang, Xiao-Yu Yang, Chun-Fang Zan
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is a potential nutrient for nerve repair. However, it is impractical as a therapy because of its limited half-life, rapid clearance, and limited target specificity. To achieve targeted and long-lasting treatment, we investigated the addition of a binding structure by fusing a collagen-binding domain to IGF-1. After confirming its affinity for collagen, the biological activity of this construct was examined by measuring cell proliferation after transfection into PC12 and Schwann cells using a 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide assay...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Hiroyuki Yamauchi, Kazue Honma, Kazuki Mochizuki, Toshinao Goda
Jejunal sodium/glucose co-transporter (Sglt1) displays circadian expression. The jejunum was collected every 4 h from mice, and we examined histone acetylation and binding of bromodomain-containing protein-4 (BRD4) around of the gene. Histone acetylation increased in the transcribed region of Sglt1 prior to induction of the gene. Furthermore, the binding of mRNA elongation factor around the gene showed circadian rhythm.
March 20, 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Jingting Shu, Gaige Ji, Ming Zhang, Yunjie Tu, Yanju Shan, Yifan Liu, Xiaojun Ju, Di Zhang
TNNI1 encodes the slow skeletal muscle isoform of troponin I. In the present study, the basic characteristic and expressing profile of the TNNI1 gene was first explored in Gaoyou ducks. Full-length TNNI1 cDNA of Gaoyou duck was obtained using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). The cDNA consisted of a 57-base pair (bp) 5'UTR, a 345-bp 3'UTR, and a 564-bp open reading frame. The predicted protein was predicted to be hydrophilic, nonsecretory protein and contained 17 phosphorylation sites...
March 20, 2018: Animal Biotechnology
Małgorzata Łupina, Maciej Tarnowski, Irena Baranowska-Bosiacka, Sylwia Talarek, Piotr Listos, Jolanta Kotlińska, Izabela Gutowska, Joanna Listos
The present study focused upon the role of SB-334867, an orexin-1 receptor antagonist, in the acquisition of morphine-induced sensitization to locomotor activity in mice. Behavioral sensitization is an enhanced systemic reaction to the same dose of an addictive substance, which assumingly increases both the desire for the drug and the risk of relapse to addiction. Morphine-induced sensitization in mice was achieved by sporadic doses (five injections every 3 days) of morphine (10 mg/kg, i.p.), while a challenge dose of morphine (10 mg/kg) was injected 7 days later...
March 20, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Bo Wang, Shuangshuang Han
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), resulting from external force on the head, usually leads to long-term deficits in motor and cognitive functions. Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-mediated excessive inflammation could exacerbate brain damage after TBI. The present study therefore investigated the potential neuroprotective effects of iNOS inhibition after TBI. Male C57BL/6J mice were subjected to controlled cortical impact injury and then treated with high selective iNOS inhibitor 1400W. Expression of iNOS mRNA was determined by quantitative RT-PCR...
March 20, 2018: Cerebellum
Olesya Yu Shoeva
The wheat TaMyc1 gene encodes for transcriptional factor (TF) with bHLH domain. The gene is expressed in purple wheat grains and activates transcription of the anthocyanin biosynthesis structural genes. To reveal the features of TaMyc1 regulation in wheat pericarp transcription start sites (TSS) were identified by 5' RACE mean and translation efficiency was predicted by in silico methods. Three alternative transcript variants of TaMyc1 differing by 5' leader sequence only were identified in purple pericarp...
March 19, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
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