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Nutritional supplement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938771/comparative-estimation-of-inevitable-endogenous-ileal-flow-of-amino-acids-in-pekin-ducks-under-varying-dietary-or-physiological-conditions-and-their-significance-to-nutritional-requirements-for-amino-acids
#1
D O Akinde
In 2 experiments in Pekin ducks the inevitable endogenous ileal flow (IEIF) of AA was estimated at changing intake and source of crude fiber (CF) or soybean oil (SO) level. Also the roles of dry matter intake (DMI) and BW or age as well as the proportion of IEIF in the dietary requirement for AA were studied. In experiment 1 three basal CP (20, 60, or 100 g/kg) diets were formulated containing a low CF (LCF, 30 g/kg) or high (HCF, 80 g/kg) level; achieved with cellulose supplementation. All diets were similar in every other respect including having SO content of 40 g/kg...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938769/recent-advances-in-avian-egg-science-a-review
#2
Philippe B Wilson
Eggs and egg products form an integral part of the food chain. As such, research into egg structure, function, and production has made an important contribution to the field of poultry science. The past decade has seen significant advances in avian egg science research, with work supplementing our understanding of the nature of the avian egg, and its biological, chemical, and physical properties. Eggshell color, strength, and chemical composition, poultry nutrition, and genetics have all been intensively studied recently, with significant progress being made in a number of these areas...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937599/mediterranean-diet-and-multi-ingredient-based-interventions-for-the-management-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
REVIEW
Manuel Suárez, Noemí Boqué, Josep M Del Bas, Jordi Mayneris-Perxachs, Lluís Arola, Antoni Caimari
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) comprises a wide spectrum of hepatic disorders, from simple steatosis to hepatic necro-inflammation leading to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Although the prevalence of these multifactorial pathologies is continuously increasing in the population, there is still not an established methodology for their treatment other than weight loss and a change in lifestyle habits, such as a hypocaloric diet and physical exercise. In this framework, there is increasing evidence that several food bioactives and dietary patterns are effective for reversing and preventing the onset of these pathologies...
September 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937597/total-antioxidant-capacity-from-dietary-supplement-decreases-the-likelihood-of-having-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults
#4
Subeen Kim, YoonJu Song, Jung Eun Lee, Shinyoung Jun, Sangah Shin, Gyung-Ah Wie, Yoon Hee Cho, Hyojee Joung
This study was conducted to estimate antioxidant vitamin intake and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) from diet and dietary supplements and to examine their association with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean adults. Out of 6308 adults 19~64 years old from the 2010~2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1847 adults were classified as dietary supplement users and the other 4461 adults were classified as non-users. Antioxidant intake and TAC from diet and dietary supplements were estimated using dietary intake data and linked with the antioxidant and TAC database for common Korean foods...
September 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936757/vitamin-d-deficiency-affects-thyroid-autoimmunity-and-dysfunction-in-iodine-replete-area-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#5
Mijin Kim, Eyun Song, Hye-Seon Oh, Suyeon Park, Hyemi Kwon, Min Ji Jeon, Won Gu Kim, Won Bae Kim, Young Kee Shong, Tae Yong Kim
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of vitamin D levels and iodine intake on thyroid autoimmunity and dysfunction in the Korean population. METHODS: In this nationwide population-based study, data were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI-1 and 2 (2013 and 2014), which was the first nationwide survey that measured both serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and urinary iodine concentrations (UICs) in Korea. A total of 4181 participants who underwent laboratory tests for thyroid function, serum 25(OH)D levels, and UICs were included...
September 21, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936712/early-goal-directed-nutrition-versus-standard-of-care-in-adult-intensive-care-patients-the-single-centre-randomised-outcome-assessor-blinded-eat-icu-trial
#6
Matilde Jo Allingstrup, Jens Kondrup, Jørgen Wiis, Casper Claudius, Ulf Gøttrup Pedersen, Rikke Hein-Rasmussen, Mads Rye Bjerregaard, Morten Steensen, Tom Hartvig Jensen, Theis Lange, Martin Bruun Madsen, Morten Hylander Møller, Anders Perner
PURPOSE: We assessed the effects of early goal-directed nutrition (EGDN) vs. standard nutritional care in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients. METHODS: We randomised acutely admitted, mechanically ventilated ICU patients expected to stay longer than 3 days in the ICU. In the EGDN group we estimated nutritional requirements by indirect calorimetry and 24-h urinary urea aiming at covering 100% of requirements from the first full trial day using enteral and parenteral nutrition...
September 22, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936206/an-in-vitro-fermentation-study-on-the-effects-of-gluten-friendly-tm-bread-on-microbiota-and-short-chain-fatty-acids-of-fecal-samples-from-healthy-and-celiac-subjects
#7
Adele Costabile, Triana Bergillos-Meca, Loretta Landriscina, Antonio Bevilacqua, Isidro Gonzalez-Salvador, Maria R Corbo, Leonardo Petruzzi, Milena Sinigaglia, Carmela Lamacchia
Recently, an innovative gluten detoxification method called Gluten Friendly(TM) (GF) has been developed. It induces structural modifications, which abolish the antigenic capacity of gluten and reduce the in vitro immunogenicity of the most common epitopes involved in celiac disease, without compromising the nutritional and technological properties. This study investigated the in vitro effects of GF bread (GFB) on the fecal microbiota from healthy and celiac individuals by a three-stage continuous fermentative system, which simulates the colon (vessel 1, proximal colon; vessel 2, transverse colon; and vessel 3, distal colon), as well as on the production of short chain fatty acids (SCFA, acetate, propionate, butyrate)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934235/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-lns-for-treatment-of-children-6-months-to-59-months-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition-mam-a-systematic-review
#8
Tarun Gera, Juan Pablo Pena-Rosas, Evelyn Boy-Mena, Harshpal S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: Moderate acute malnutrition is a major public health problem affecting children from low- and middle-income countries. Lipid nutrient supplements have been proposed as a nutritional intervention for its treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of LNS for the treatment of MAM in infants and children 6 to 59 months of age. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized-controlled trials and controlled before-after studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934166/is-branched-chain-amino-acids-supplementation-an-efficient-nutritional-strategy-to-alleviate-skeletal-muscle-damage-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Alexandre Fouré, David Bendahan
Amino acids and more precisely, branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), are usually consumed as nutritional supplements by many athletes and people involved in regular and moderate physical activities regardless of their practice level. BCAAs have been initially shown to increase muscle mass and have also been implicated in the limitation of structural and metabolic alterations associated with exercise damage. This systematic review provides a comprehensive analysis of the literature regarding the beneficial effects of BCAAs supplementation within the context of exercise-induced muscle damage or muscle injury...
September 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934080/could-ebt-machines-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases-at-new-york-city-green-carts
#10
Andrew Breck, Kamila Kiszko, Olivia Martinez, Courtney Abrams, Brian Elbel
INTRODUCTION: Residents of some low-income neighborhoods have limited access to fresh fruits and vegetables. In 2008, New York City issued new mobile fruit and vegetable cart licenses for neighborhoods with inadequate availability of fresh produce. Some of these carts were equipped with electronic benefit transfer (EBT) machines, allowing them to accept Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits. This article examines the association between type and quantities of fruits and vegetables purchased from mobile fruit and vegetable vendors and consumer characteristics, including payment method...
September 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933728/the-effect-of-astaxanthin-rich-microalgae-haematococcus-pluvialis-and-wholemeal-flours-incorporation-in-improving-the-physical-and-functional-properties-of-cookies
#11
A K M Mofasser Hossain, Margaret A Brennan, Susan L Mason, Xinbo Guo, Xin An Zeng, Charles S Brennan
Marine-based food supplements can improve human nutrition. In an effort to modulate glycaemic response and enhance nutritional aspects, marine-derived algal food rich in astaxanthin was used in the formulation of a model food (wholemeal cookie). Astaxanthin substitution of cookies made from three flours (wheat, barley and oat) demonstrated a significant reduction in the rate of glucose released during in vitro digestion together with an increase in the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant capacity of the food...
July 26, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933602/lactoferrin-structure-function-denaturation-and-digestion
#12
Bo Wang, Yakindra Prasad Timilsena, Ewan Blanch, Benu Adhikari
Lactoferrin (LF) is a multifunctional protein occurring in many biological secretions including milk. It possesses iron binding/transferring, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties. These functional properties intimately depend on the structural integrity of LF especially its higher order conformation. LF is primarily extracted from bovine milk and it is subsequently added into many commercial products such as nutritional supplements, infant formula, cosmetics and toothpaste...
September 21, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933101/-discussion-on-relevant-theories-of-qi-blood-shen-and-formula-implication-of-guan-xin-jing-capsule
#13
Rui-Ping Li, Guo-Hua Yu, Jun-Fang Li, Shi-Huan Tang
In the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),the definition of "Shen" contains a broad concept and a narrow concept. Broad "Shen" is the dominator and administrator of human vital movement,while narrow "Shen" means spirit, consciousness, thinking and emotions of human. "Shen" originates from innate essence of parents, and survives on acquired essence of water and food as well as the nutrition of its metaplastic Qi-Blood-Body fluid. Qi-Blood,the most precious asset of human body, is a quite important section of one person and the central material basis of "Shen-Zhi"...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931587/maternal-choline-supplementation-modulates-placental-nutrient-transport-and-metabolism-in-late-gestation-of-mouse-pregnancy
#14
Sze Ting Cecilia Kwan, Julia H King, Jian Yan, Zhen Wang, Xinyin Jiang, Jason S Hutzler, Hallie R Klein, J Thomas Brenna, Mark S Roberson, Marie A Caudill
Background: Fetal growth is dependent on placental nutrient supply, which is influenced by placental perfusion and transporter abundance. Previous research indicates that adequate choline nutrition during pregnancy improves placental vascular development, supporting the hypothesis that choline may affect placental nutrient transport.Objective: The present study sought to determine the impact of maternal choline supplementation (MCS) on placental nutrient transporter abundance and nutrient metabolism during late gestation...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931495/a-review-of-sarcopenia-enhancing-awareness-of-an-increasingly-prevalent-disease
#15
REVIEW
Eric Marty, Yi Liu, Andre Samuel, Omer Or, Joseph Lane
Sarcopenia is defined as an age associated decline in skeletal muscle mass. The pathophysiology of sarcopenia is multifactorial, with decreased caloric intake, muscle fiber denervation, intracellular oxidative stress, hormonal decline, and enhanced myostatin signaling all thought to contribute. Prevalence rates are as high as 29% and 33% in community dwelling and long-term care populations, respectively, with advanced age, low body mass index, and low physical activity as significant risk factors. Sarcopenia shares many characteristics with other disease states typically associated with risk of fall and fracture, including osteoporosis, frailty, and obesity...
September 17, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931169/effect-of-educational-package-on-lifestyle-of-primiparous-mothers-during-postpartum-period-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Farzaneh Khodabandeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mahin KamaliFard, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
A healthy lifestyle is important for mothers during the postpartum period. This study was conducted to determine the effects of a lifestyle educational package in primiparous women. This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 220 mothers assigned to two groups using block randomization. In the intervention group, the mothers received face-to-face, phone and SMS counseling and a booklet in addition to routine postpartum training; in the control group, the mothers received only routine training. The Health Behaviors Questionnaire, a Food Frequency Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used for data collection...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930525/micronutrient-formulations-for-prevention-of-complications-of-pregnancy
#17
R B Singh, Sanjay Mishra, Shailesh Kumar, Amit Mani Tiwari, Fabien De Meester, Ramesh K Goyal, Kumar Kartikey, Meenakshi Singh
According to a relatively recent UNICEF report, 15 percent of the infant population of the world is of low birth weight with India accounting for one third of all the world's low-weight newborns. Twenty percent of all low birth weight infants die within a month. This mortality figure is higher in developing countries due to inadequate nutritional intake by pregnant women. Development of a new package of nutrient-rich food based on egg or milk or soy bean proteins, containing multiple micronutrient supplements, available at affordable cost, may protect against morbidity and mortality among pregnant women as well as low birth weight in newborns...
January 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930250/enrichment-of-animal-diets-with-essential-oils-a-great-perspective-on-improving-animal-performance-and-quality-characteristics-of-the-derived-products
#18
REVIEW
Panagiotis E Simitzis
Food industry operates in a competitive market and is continually facing challenges to retain or even increase its market share. Consistent high-quality animal products are required to maintain consumer confidence and consumption. Enrichment of foods with bioactive compounds such as the essential oils appears to improve quality characteristics of the derived products and protects consumers against oxidation and bacterial spoilage effects. Synthetic additives are nowadays questioned due to their suspected carcinogenic potential, and therefore extensive research has been undertaken to identify safe and efficient alternatives...
June 2, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928036/vitamin-d-and-blood-pressure-among-u-s-adults-a-cross-sectional-examination-by-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#19
Abhishek Vishnu, Vasudha Ahuja
INTRODUCTION: The cross-sectional association of serum vitamin D levels with blood pressure and hypertension status among a representative sample of U.S. adults was examined. METHODS: Participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2001 to 2010 were included in these analyses. Harmonizing of the vitamin D levels from 2001 to 2006 with vitamin D measurement from 2007 to 2010 was done using regression equations released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926471/role-of-fat-soluble-vitamins-in-osteoarthritis-management
#20
Xiao-Yan Zheng, Jun Liang, Yu-Sheng Li, Min Tu
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease, in which metabolic imbalance in bone is observed. The pathological mechanism of metabolic imbalance is not clear yet, but the nutritional factors, particularly the vitamins, might be intrinsic to the development and progression of OA. In this review article, we have explored databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar articles until the beginning of 2017 and reviewed the role of fat-soluble vitamins in pathological and therapeutic aspects of OA...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
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