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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535549/epidural-dexamethasone-influences-postoperative-analgesia-after-major-abdominal-surgery
#1
Jeong-Min Hong, Kyung-Hoon Kim, Hyeon Jeong Lee, Jae-Young Kwon, Hae-Kyu Kim, Hyae-Jin Kim, Ah-Reum Cho, Wang-Seok Do, Hyo Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: Epidurally administered dexamethasone might reduce postoperative pain. However, the effect of epidural administration of dexamethasone on postoperative epidural analgesia in major abdominal surgery has been doubtful. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects and optimal dose of epidural dexamethasone on pain after major abdominal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized, double-blind study. SETTING: University hospital...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522308/development-of-a-ssdna-aptamer-for-detection-of-residual-benzylpenicillin
#2
A-Young Lee, Na-Reum Ha, In-Pil Jung, Sang-Heon Kim, A-Ru Kim, Moon-Young Yoon
Antibiotics are useful for improving the living conditions of livestock. However, residual antibiotics induce several human diseases such as food-borne illness and infection of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). In this study, the identification of a benzylpenicillin-specific aptamer was selected by rGO-SELEX (reduced Graphene Oxide-Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment). A random ssDNA library was incubated with rGO for adsorption and eluted with benzylpenicillin. As a result of the selection process, a DNA aptamer was found that specifically bound to benzylpenicillin with high binding affinity, Kd = 383...
May 15, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508054/flexible-adaptation-of-male-germ-cells-from-female-ipscs-of-endangered-tokudaia-osimensis
#3
Arata Honda, Narantsog Choijookhuu, Haruna Izu, Yoshihiro Kawano, Mizuho Inokuchi, Kimiko Honsho, Ah-Reum Lee, Hiroki Nabekura, Hiroshi Ohta, Tomoyuki Tsukiyama, Yasuhide Ohinata, Asato Kuroiwa, Yoshitaka Hishikawa, Mitinori Saitou, Takamichi Jogahara, Chihiro Koshimoto
In mammals, the Y chromosome strictly influences the maintenance of male germ cells. Almost all mammalian species require genetic contributors to generate testes. An endangered species, Tokudaia osimensis, has a unique sex chromosome composition XO/XO, and genetic differences between males and females have not been confirmed. Although a distinctive sex-determining mechanism may exist in T. osimensis, it has been difficult to examine thoroughly in this rare animal species. To elucidate the discriminative sex-determining mechanism in T...
May 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487992/spilanthes%C3%A2-acmella-inhibits-inflammatory-responses-via-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mapk-signaling-pathways-in-raw-264-7-macrophages
#4
Young-Chang Cho, Tran The Bach, Ba Reum Kim, Huong Lan Vuong, Sayeon Cho
Spilanthes acmella Murr. (S. acmella) has been used traditionally in India and Sri Lanka to treat various inflammatory diseases. However, the anti‑inflammatory effects and underlying mechanism of action of S. acmella are unclear. The present study assessed the anti‑inflammatory properties of methanol extracts of S. acmella (MSA) in murine macrophages. MSA (≤300 µg/ml) inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages through transcriptional inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase expression in a dose‑dependent manner...
May 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479396/trpc6-mediated-erk1-2-phosphorylation-prevents-dentate-granule-cell-degeneration-via-inhibiting-mitochondrial-elongation
#5
Ah-Reum Ko, Tae-Cheon Kang
Transient receptor potential canonical channel-6 (TRPC6) is one of Ca(2+)-permeable non-selective cation channels. In the rat hippocampus, TRPC6 expression is predominantly observed in dentate granule cells (DGC) rather than other hippocampal components. Interestingly, TRPC6 knockdown results in the massive DGC degeneration following status epilepticus (SE), although DGC is one of the resistant neuronal populations to various harmful stresses. However, the molecular events underlying the DGC degeneration induced by TRPC6 knockdown are still unclear...
May 4, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449635/seizure-control-and-memory-impairment-are-related-to-disrupted-brain-functional-integration-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#6
Chang-Hyun Park, Yun Seo Choi, A-Reum Jung, Hwa-Kyoung Chung, Hyeon Jin Kim, Jeong Hyun Yoo, Hyang Woon Lee
Brain functional integration can be disrupted in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), but the clinical relevance of this disruption is not completely understood. The authors hypothesized that disrupted functional integration over brain regions remote from, as well as adjacent to, the seizure focus could be related to clinical severity in terms of seizure control and memory impairment. Using resting-state functional MRI data acquired from 48 TLE patients and 45 healthy controls, the authors mapped functional brain networks and assessed changes in a network parameter of brain functional integration, efficiency, to examine the distribution of disrupted functional integration within and between brain regions...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438981/acute-inflammation-reveals-gabaa-receptor-mediated-nociception-in-mouse-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-via-pge2-receptor-4-signaling
#7
In Jeong Jang, Alexander J Davies, Nozomi Akimoto, Seung Keun Back, Pa Reum Lee, Heung Sik Na, Hidemasa Furue, Sung Jun Jung, Yong Ho Kim, Seog Bae Oh
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) depolarizes dorsal root ganglia (DRG) primary afferent neurons through activation of Cl(-) permeable GABAA receptors but the physiologic role of GABAA receptors in the peripheral terminals of DRG neurons remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the role of peripheral GABAA receptors in nociception using a mouse model of acute inflammation. In vivo, peripheral administration of the selective GABAA receptor agonist muscimol evoked spontaneous licking behavior, as well as spinal wide dynamic range (WDR) neuron firing, after pre-conditioning with formalin but had no effect in saline-treated mice...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433991/the-effect-of-traumatic-experiences-and-psychiatric-symptoms-on-the-life-satisfaction-of-north-korean-refugees
#8
Yeonsun Choi, Sun Young Lim, Jin Yong Jun, So Hee Lee, So Young Yoo, Soohyun Kim, Ah Reum Gwak, Ji-Chul Kim, Yu Jin Lee, Seog Ju Kim
BACKGROUND: Successful adaptation of refugees to a new society can be hindered by traumatic experiences and psychiatric symptoms. This study aims to examine the relationship between trauma, psychiatric symptoms and life satisfaction of North Korean refugees resettled in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 211 North Korean refugees living in South Korea completed a series of questionnaires on the history of their previous traumatic experiences, life satisfaction in South Korea, depression, anxiety, somatization and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
April 22, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429591/high-performance-furan-containing-conjugated-polymer-for-environmentally-benign-solution-processing
#9
Sang Myeon Lee, Hae Rang Lee, A-Reum Han, Junghoon Lee, Joon Hak Oh, Changduk Yang
Developing semiconducting polymers that exhibit both strong charge transport capability via highly ordered structures and good processability in environmentally benign solvents remains a challenge. Given that furan-based materials have better solubility in various solvents than analogous thiophene-based materials, we have synthesized and characterized furanyl-diketopyrrolopyrrole polymer (PFDPPTT-Si) together with its thienyl-diketopyrrolopyrrole-based analogue (PTDPPTT-Si) to understand subtle changes induced by the use of furan instead of thiophene units...
April 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423548/axl-acts-as-a-tumor-suppressor-by-regulating-light-expression-in-t-lymphoma
#10
Eun-Hee Lee, Eun-Mi Kim, Kon-Young Ji, A-Reum Park, Ha-Rim Choi, Hwa-Youn Lee, Su-Man Kim, Byung Yeoup Chung, Chul-Hong Park, Hyo Jin Choi, Young-Hyeh Ko, Hyoung-Woo Bai, Hyung-Sik Kang
Axl is an oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase that plays a role in many cancers. LIGHT (Lymphotoxin-related inducible ligand that competes for glycoprotein D binding to herpesvirus entry mediator on T cells) is a ligand that induces robust anti-tumor immunity by enhancing the recruitment and activation of effector immune cells at tumor sites. We observed that mouse EL4 and human Jurkat T lymphoma cells that stably overexpressed Axl also showed high expression of LIGHT. When Jurkat-Axl cells were treated with Gas6, a ligand for Axl, LIGHT expression was upregulated through activation of the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway and transcriptional induction by Sp1...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383915/limaol-a-polyketide-from-the-benthic-marine-dinoflagellate-prorocentrum-lima
#11
A Reum Yang, Sangbum Lee, Young Du Yoo, Hyung Seop Kim, Eun Ju Jeong, Jung-Rae Rho
Limaol (1), along with a dinophysistoxin 1 derivative and an okadaic acid (OA) derivative, was isolated from the large-scale cultivation of the benthic marine dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima. The structure of 1 was determined by a combination of NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry and contained tetrahydropyran, 1,3,5,7-tetra(methylene)heptane, and octahydrospiro[pyran-2,2'-pyrano[3,2-b]pyran] moieties. The absolute configuration of 1 was completely elucidated on the basis of ROESY correlations, J-based configuration analysis, and modified Mosher's ester analysis...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379674/mens-rea-and-methamphetamine-high-time-for-a-modern-doctrine-acknowledging-the-neuroscience-of-addiction
#12
Meredith Cusick
In American criminal law, actus non facit reum, nisi mens sit rea, "an act does not make one guilty, without a guilty mind." Both actus reus and mens rea are required to justify criminal liability. The Model Penal Code's (MPC) section on culpability has been especially influential on mens rea analysis. An issue of increasing importance in this realm arises when an offensive act is committed while the actor is under the influence of drugs. Several legal doctrines address the effect of intoxication on mental state, including the MPC, limiting or eliminating its relevance to the mens rea analysis...
April 2017: Fordham Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369480/pca22-acts-as-a-suppressor-of-atrzf1-to-mediate-proline-accumulation-in-response-to-abiotic-stress-in-arabidopsis
#13
Ah-Reum Kim, Ji-Hee Min, Kyeong-Hwan Lee, Cheol Soo Kim
Proline metabolism is important for environmental responses, plant growth, and development. However, its precise roles in plant abiotic stress tolerance are not well understood. Mutants are valuable for the identification of new genes and for elucidating their roles in physiological mechanisms. We applied a suppressor mutation approach to identify novel genes involved in the regulation of proline metabolism in Arabidopsis. Using the atrzf1 (Arabidopsis thaliana ring zinc finger 1) mutant as a parental line for activation tagging mutagenesis, we selected several mutants with suppressed induction of proline accumulation under dehydration conditions...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342755/mutation-analysis-of-the-interactions-between-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-caseinolytic-protease-c1-clpc1-and-ecumicin
#14
In-Pil Jung, Na-Reum Ha, A-Ru Kim, Sang-Heon Kim, Moon-Young Yoon
Ecumicin is a well-known and potent inhibitor of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although the target of ecumicin is caseinolytic protease C1 (ClpC1), the exact mechanism by which ecumicin inhibits ClpC1 has not been identified. To analyze ecumicin's action on ClpC1, site-directed mutagenesis was performed on its binding site. The estimated binding residues within ClpC1 to ecumicin were selected via in silico analysis using molecular docking. The selected residues were mutated by site-directed mutagenesis and the effects on ecumicin binding were analyzed...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335666/control-of-dental-derived-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-through-modified-surfaces-for-dental-application
#15
Hyunmin Choi, Kyu-Hyung Park, Ah-Reum Lee, Chin Hee Mun, Yong Dae Shin, Yong-Beom Park, Young-Bum Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the behaviour of iPSc derived from dental stem cells in terms of initial adhesion, differentiation potential on differently surface-treated titanium disc. MATERIALS AND METHODS: iPSc derived from human gingival fibroblasts (hGFs) were established using 4-reprogramming factors transduction with Sendai virus. The hGF-iPSc established in this study exhibited the morphology and growth properties similar to human embryonic stem (ES) cells and expressed pluripotency makers...
March 23, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264430/characterization-of-a-new-trioxilin-and-a-sulfoquinovosyl-diacylglycerol-with-anti-inflammatory-properties-from-the-dinoflagellate-oxyrrhis-marina
#16
Eun Young Yoon, A Reum Yang, Jaeyeon Park, Seung Joo Moon, Eun Ju Jeong, Jung-Rae Rho
Two new compounds-a trioxilin and a sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol (SQDG)-were isolated from the methanolic extract of the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Oxyrrhis marina cultivated by feeding on dried yeasts. The trioxilin was identified as (4Z,8E,13Z,16Z,19Z) -7(S),10(S),11(S)-trihydroxydocosapentaenoic acid (1), and the SQDG was identified as (2S)-1-O-hexadecanosy-2-O-docosahexaenoyl-3-O-(6-sulfo-α-d-quinovopyranosyl)-glycerol (2) by a combination of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra, mass analyses, and chemical reactions...
February 27, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249791/an-evaluation-of-forearm-deformities-in-hereditary-multiple-exostoses-factors-associated-with-radial-head-dislocation-and-comprehensive-classification
#17
Ah Reum Jo, Sung Taek Jung, Myung Sun Kim, Chang Seon Oh, Byung Ju Min
PURPOSE: This study attempted to evaluate a series of patients with hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) who could not be categorized according to the widely accepted Masada classification and to identify radiographic variables such as radial bowing, ulnar shortening, ulnar variance, radial articular angle, and carpal slip predictive of deformity. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data on 102 upper limbs of 53 pediatric patients with HME. Demographics, site of forearm involvement, and radiographic parameters were documented...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246518/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-of-mumps-meningoencephalitis-with-bilateral-hippocampal-lesions-without-preceding-acute-parotitis-a-case-report
#18
Ah Reum Woo, Ha Young Lee, Myung Kwan Lim, Young Hye Kang, Soon Gu Cho, Seong Hye Choi, Ji Hyeon Baek
Meningitis is a common central nervous system (CNS) complication of the mumps, a viral infection, but encephalitis and meningoencephalitis are less common in mumps. We describe magnetic resonance imaging findings of acute mumps meningoencephalitis in a 32-year-old male who showed bilateral hippocampal lesions without preceding parotitis. Although it is rare, hippocampal involvement should be considered a CNS complication of mumps infection.
March 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236164/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-the-combination-of-autologous-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-platelet-rich-plasma-on-structural-bone-allograft-healing
#19
Chang-Goo Park, Min Wook Joo, Jinyoung Jeong, Yong-Koo Kang, Da-Reum Lee
In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of the combination of autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for enhancing structural allogenic bone graft healing in rabbits. For these experiments segmental bone defects (1.5-2 cm) were generated on femoral diaphysis of New Zealand white rabbits and reconstructed via structural allogenic bone grafting and additional intramedullary nail fixation. The structural allografts were subsequently wrapped with Gelfoam containing autologous MSCs and PRP, or PRP alone (control)...
June 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221712/discovery-of-myh14-as-an-important-and-unique-deafness-gene-causing-prelingually-severe-autosomal-dominant-non-syndromic-hearing-loss
#20
Bong Jik Kim, Ah Reum Kim, Jin Hee Han, Chung Lee, Doo Yi Oh, Byung Yoon Choi
BACKGROUND: Pathogenic variants of MYH14 have been known to be associated-in either a syndromic or non-syndromic manner-with hearing loss. Interestingly, all reported cases to date of MYH14-related non-syndromic hearing loss with detailed phenotypes have demonstrated mild-to-moderate progressive hearing loss with postlingual onset. METHODS: In this study, targeted resequencing (TRS) of known deafness genes was performed to identify the causative variant in two multiplex families segregating AD inherited hearing loss...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Gene Medicine
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