keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Reum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765882/relationship-between-functional-level-and-muscle-thickness-in-young-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#1
Yeo Reum Choe, Joo Sup Kim, Kee Hoon Kim, Tae Im Yi
Objective: To investigate the relationship between functional level and muscle thickness (MT) of the rectus femoris (RF) and the gastrocnemius (GCM) in young children with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: The study participants were comprised of 26 children (50 legs) with spastic CP, aged 3-6 years, and 25 age-matched children with typical development (TD, 50 legs). The MT of the RF, medial GCM, and lateral GCM was measured with ultrasound imaging. The functional level was evaluated using the Gross Motor Function Measurement-88 (GMFM-88), Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), and based on the mobility area of the Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index (K-MBI)...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749377/p2rx7-mapk1-2-sp1-axis-inhibits-mtor-independent-hspb1-mediated-astroglial-autophagy
#2
Ji-Eun Kim, Ah-Reum Ko, Hye-Won Hyun, Su-Ji Min, Tae-Cheon Kang
Recently, we have reported that heat shock protein B1 (HSPB1) and purinergic receptor P2X7 (P2RX7) are involved in astroglial autophagy (clasmatodendrosis), following status epilepticus (SE). However, the underlying mechanisms of astroglial autophagy have not been completely established. In the present study, we found that the lacking of P2rx7 led to prolonged astroglial HSPB1 induction due to impaired mitogen-activated protein kinase 1/2 (MAPK1/2)-mediated specificity protein 1 (SP1) phosphorylation, following kainic acid-induced SE...
May 10, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712850/distinct-gating-mechanism-of-soc-channel-involving-stim-orai-coupling-and-an-intramolecular-interaction-of-orai-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#3
Kyu Min Kim, Tharaka Wijerathne, Jin-Hoe Hur, Uk Jung Kang, Ihn Hyeong Kim, Yeong Cheon Kweon, Ah Reum Lee, Su Ji Jeong, Sang Kwon Lee, Yoon Young Lee, Bo-Woong Sim, Jong-Hee Lee, Chunggi Baig, Sun-Uk Kim, Kyu-Tae Chang, Kyu Pil Lee, Chan Young Park
Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE), an important mechanism of Ca2+ signaling in a wide range of cell types, is mediated by stromal interaction molecule (STIM), which senses the depletion of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores and binds and activates Orai channels in the plasma membrane. This inside-out mechanism of Ca2+ signaling raises an interesting question about the evolution of SOCE: How did these two proteins existing in different cellular compartments evolve to interact with each other? We investigated the gating mechanism of Caenorhabditis elegans Orai channels...
April 30, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669261/chrebp-deficiency-leads-to-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#4
Ah-Reum Oh, Seonyong Sohn, Junghoon Lee, Jong-Min Park, Ki Taek Nam, Ki-Baik Hahm, Young-Bum Kim, Ho-Jae Lee, Ji-Young Cha
OBJECTIVE: Fructose malabsorption is a common digestive disorder in which absorption of fructose in the small intestine is impaired. An abnormality of the main intestinal fructose transporter proteins has been proposed as a cause for fructose malabsorption. However the underlying molecular mechanism for this remains unclear. In this study, we investigated whether carbohydrate response element-binding protein (ChREBP) plays a role in intestinal fructose absorption through the regulation of genes involved in fructose transport and metabolism and ion transport...
April 15, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629026/effect-of-vitamin-c-on-azoxymethane-aom-dextran-sulfate-sodium-dss-induced-colitis-associated-early-colon-cancer-in-mice
#5
Hee-Jin Jeon, Yiseul Yeom, Yoo-Sun Kim, Eunju Kim, Jae-Ho Shin, Pu Reum Seok, Moon Jea Woo, Yuri Kim
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of vitamin C on inflammation, tumor development, and dysbiosis of intestinal microbiota in an azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced inflammation-associated early colon cancer mouse model. MATERIALS/METHODS: Male BALB/c mice were injected intraperitoneally with AOM [10 mg/kg body weight (b.w)] and given two 7-d cycles of 2% DSS drinking water with a 14 d inter-cycle interval...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620665/thera-band-application-changes-muscle-activity-and-kyphosis-and-scapular-winging-during-knee-push-up-plus-in-subjects-with-scapular-winging-the-cross-sectional-study
#6
A-Reum Shin, Ji-Hyun Lee, Da-Eun Kim, Heon-Seock Cynn
Scapular winging (SW) is defined as increased prominence of the whole medial border of the scapula. Many researchers recently recommended knee push-up plus (KPP) for enhancing serratus anterior (SA) activation. However, during push-up plus, thoracic kyphosis (TK) may usually occur as a compensatory movement. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Thera-Band application during KPP on rectus abdominis (RA) activity, TK angle (TKA), SA activity, and amount of SW in subjects with SW.Fifteen subjects performed KPP with Thera-Band applied to different posterior body parts (no Thera-Band, in the occiput, and in the thoracic region)...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609434/primary-extracranial-meningioma-presenting-as-a-forehead-mass
#7
Chae Min Kim, Yeo Reum Jeon, Yee Jeong Kim, Seum Chung
Meningioma originates from arachnoid cap cells and is the second most common intracranial tumor; however, it can also be found in an extracranial location. A very rare primary extracranial meningioma without the presence of an intracranial component has also been reported. Primary extracranial meningiomas have been found in the skin, scalp, middle ear, and nasal cavity. A computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging scan is necessary to determine the presence or absence of an intracranial meningioma, and a biopsy is essential for diagnosis...
March 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607572/a-clinical-guidance-to-dfna22-drawn-from-a-korean-cohort-study-with-an-autosomal-dominant-deaf-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Bong Jik Kim, Jin Hee Han, Hye-Rim Park, Min Young Kim, Ah Reum Kim, Seung-Ha Oh, Woong-Yang Park, Doo Yi Oh, Seungmin Lee, Byung Yoon Choi
BACKGROUND: The MYO6 gene, if altered, can cause non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) either in autosomal dominant (AD) (DFNA22) or recessive form. This study identified MYO6 variants in the cohort of Korean AD NSHL families and investigated the audiological phenotypes of DFNA22 to suggest clinical guides for the counseling of DFNA22. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study was performed on 81 AD NSHL families in two hospitals. Among them, five families (SH21, SB60, SB247, SB290, and SB305) segregating with MYO6 variant were genetically and clinically assessed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580944/inhibition-of-anthrax-lethal-factor-by-ssdna-aptamers
#9
Mieke Lahousse, Hae-Chul Park, Sang-Choon Lee, Na-Reum Ha, In-Pil Jung, Sara R Schlesinger, Kaylin Shackleford, Moon-Young Yoon, Sung-Kun Kim
Anthrax is caused by Bacillus anthracis, a bacterium that is able to secrete the toxins protective antigen, edema factor and lethal factor. Due to the high level of secretion from the bacteria and its severe virulence, lethal factor (LF) has been sought as a biomarker for detecting bacterial infection and as an effective target to neutralize toxicity. In this study, we found three aptamers, and binding affinity was determined by fluorescently labeled aptamers. One of the aptamers exhibited high affinity, with a Kd value of 11...
March 23, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564150/fabrication-of-a-microfluidic-device-for-studying-the-in-situ-drug-loading-release-behavior-of-graphene-oxide-encapsulated-hydrogel-beads
#10
Sarath Chandra Veerla, Da Reum Kim, Sung Yun Yang
Background: Controlled drug delivery system is highly important for not only prolonged the efficacy of drug but also cellular development for tissue engineering. A number of biopolymer composites and nanostructured carriers behave been used for the controlled drug delivery of therapeutics. Recently, in vitro microfluidic devices that mimic the human body have been developed for drug-delivery applications. Methods: A microfluidic channel was fabricated via a two-step process: (i) polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS) and curing agent were poured with a 10:2 mass ratio onto an acrylic mold with two steel pipes, and (ii) calcium alginate beads were synthesized using sodium alginate and calcium chloride solutions...
2018: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558403/xylobiose-prevents-high-fat-diet-induced-mice-obesity-by-suppressing-mesenteric-fat-deposition-and-metabolic-dysregulation
#11
Soo-Min Lim, Eunju Kim, Jae-Ho Shin, Pu Reum Seok, Sangwon Jung, Sang-Ho Yoo, Yuri Kim
Obesity is a public concern and is responsible for various metabolic diseases. Xylobiose (XB), an alternative sweetener, is a major component of xylo-oligosaccharide. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of XB on obesity and its associated metabolic changes in related organs. For these studies, mice received a 60% high-fat diet supplemented with 15% d-xylose, 10% XB, or 15% XB as part of the total sucrose content of the diet for ten weeks. Body weight, fat and liver weights, fasting blood glucose, and blood lipids levels were significantly reduced with XB supplementation...
March 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556554/effect-of-remifentanil-on-pre-osteoclast-cell-differentiation-in-vitro
#12
Hyun-Ook Jeon, In-Seok Choi, Ji-Young Yoon, Eun-Jung Kim, Ji-Uk Yoon, Ah-Reum Cho, Hyung-Joon Kim, Cheul-Hong Kim
Background: The structure and function of bone tissue is maintained through a constant remodeling process, which is maintained by the balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts. The failure of bone remodeling can lead to pathological conditions of bone structure and function. Remifentanil is currently used as a narcotic analgesic agent in general anesthesia and sedation. However, the effect of remifentanil on osteoclasts has not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the effect of remifentanil on pre-osteoclast (pre-OCs) differentiation and the mechanism of osteoclast differentiation in the absence of specific stimulus...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544089/effect-of-high-vegf-c-mrna-expression-on-achievement-of-complete-remission-in-adult-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#13
Sung-Eun Lee, Ji Yoon Lee, A-Reum Han, Hee-Sun Hwang, Woo-Sung Min, Hee-Je Kim
Although vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) is known to be expressed in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts, the relevance of VEGF-C in the clinical setting remains to be fully explored. We examined the effect of VEGF-C on achievement of complete remission (CR) in adult de novo AML and immune cell population profiles according to VEGF-C mRNA expression. In comparison of VEGF-C expression between the no-CR and CR groups, the CR group showed a trend toward higher levels of plasma VEGF-C (P = .088), whereas mRNA expression of VEGF-C was downregulated (P = ...
March 12, 2018: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520170/oxytocin-produces-thermal-analgesia-via-vasopressin-1a-receptor-by-modulating-trpv1-and-potassium-conductance-in-the-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons
#14
Rafael Taeho Han, Han-Byul Kim, Young-Beom Kim, Kyungmin Choi, Gi Yeon Park, Pa Reum Lee, JaeHee Lee, Hye Young Kim, Chul-Kyu Park, Youngnam Kang, Seog Bae Oh, Heung Sik Na
Recent studies have provided several lines of evidence that peripheral administration of oxytocin induces analgesia in human and rodents. However, the exact underlying mechanism of analgesia still remains elusive. In the present study, we aimed to identify which receptor could mediate the analgesic effect of intraperitoneal injection of oxytocin and its cellular mechanisms in thermal pain behavior. We found that oxytocin-induced analgesia could be reversed by d(CH2 )5 [Tyr(Me)2 ,Dab5 ] AVP, a vasopressin-1a (V1a) receptor antagonist, but not by desGly-NH2 -d(CH2 )5 [DTyr2 , Thr4 ]OVT, an oxytocin receptor antagonist...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505301/nedd4l-limits-camp-signaling-through-ubiquitination-of-creb-regulated-transcription-coactivator-3
#15
Yo-Han Kim, Hanju Yoo, A-Reum Hong, Minseo Kwon, Sang-Wook Kang, Kyunggon Kim, Youngsup Song
The transcription factor cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB) is involved in a variety of physiologic processes. Although its activity appears to be largely correlated with its phosphorylation status, cAMP-mediated dephosphorylation and the subsequent nuclear migration of the CREB-regulated transcription factors (CRTCs) are required to stimulate CREB transcriptional activity. Among the 3 identified mammalian homologs of CRTCs, CRTC3 has been shown to be expressed predominantly in adipose tissues in response to catecholamine signals that regulate lipid metabolism...
March 5, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485567/craniovertebral-junction-abnormalities-in-surgical-patients-with-congenital-muscular-torticollis
#16
Ah-Reum Ahn, Ueon Woo Rah, Ji-Eun Woo, Sunghoon Park, Sanghyun Kim, Shin-Young Yim
Our clinical experience led us to realize that craniovertebral junction (CVJ) abnormalities were common in surgical patients with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). This study aimed to report the concurrence rate of CVJ abnormalities in surgical patients with CMT, along with comprehensive evaluation of type of concurrent CVJ abnormalities. This was a retrospective cohort study in a tertiary hospital, including 41 subjects who underwent surgical release for CMT at the mean age of 8.38 years. The presence of CVJ abnormalities was analyzed, using craniofacial 3-dimensional computed tomography images...
May 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469946/genome-variations-of-evolved-escherichia-coli-et8-with-a-rhodopsin-based-phototrophic-metabolism
#17
Hyun Aaron Kim, Hyun Ju Kim, Min Ju Lee, Jihoon Park, Ah Reum Choi, Haeyoung Jeong, Kwang-Hwan Jung, Pil Kim, Sang Jun Lee
We reported that the phototrophic metabolism via plasmid-originated Gloeobacter rhodopsin(GR)-expression is improved in Escherichia coli ET5 harboring pKJ606-GR by a genomic point mutation (dgcQC1082A ) encoding a transmembrane cell signaling protein (Microb. Cell Fact. 16:111, 2017). Another evolved descendant is isolated from the chemostat, and the genome variation of the strain named ET8 harboring pKJ606-GR is investigated in this study. Whole genome sequencing analysis identifies a single point mutation (C3831976A) located in the non-coding upstream region of kdtA and an IS4 insertional mutation at galUG706 without any mutations in the plasmid...
February 22, 2018: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348645/a-global-perspective-on-the-trophic-geography-of-sharks
#18
Christopher S Bird, Ana Veríssimo, Sarah Magozzi, Kátya G Abrantes, Alex Aguilar, Hassan Al-Reasi, Adam Barnett, Dana M Bethea, Gérard Biais, Asuncion Borrell, Marc Bouchoucha, Mariah Boyle, Edward J Brooks, Juerg Brunnschweiler, Paco Bustamante, Aaron Carlisle, Diana Catarino, Stéphane Caut, Yves Cherel, Tiphaine Chouvelon, Diana Churchill, Javier Ciancio, Julien Claes, Ana Colaço, Dean L Courtney, Pierre Cresson, Ryan Daly, Leigh de Necker, Tetsuya Endo, Ivone Figueiredo, Ashley J Frisch, Joan Holst Hansen, Michael Heithaus, Nigel E Hussey, Johannes Iitembu, Francis Juanes, Michael J Kinney, Jeremy J Kiszka, Sebastian A Klarian, Dorothée Kopp, Robert Leaf, Yunkai Li, Anne Lorrain, Daniel J Madigan, Aleksandra Maljković, Luis Malpica-Cruz, Philip Matich, Mark G Meekan, Frédéric Ménard, Gui M Menezes, Samantha E M Munroe, Michael C Newman, Yannis P Papastamatiou, Heidi Pethybridge, Jeffrey D Plumlee, Carlos Polo-Silva, Katie Quaeck-Davies, Vincent Raoult, Jonathan Reum, Yassir Eden Torres-Rojas, David S Shiffman, Oliver N Shipley, Conrad W Speed, Michelle D Staudinger, Amy K Teffer, Alexander Tilley, Maria Valls, Jeremy J Vaudo, Tak-Cheung Wai, R J David Wells, Alex S J Wyatt, Andrew Yool, Clive N Trueman
Sharks are a diverse group of mobile predators that forage across varied spatial scales and have the potential to influence food web dynamics. The ecological consequences of recent declines in shark biomass may extend across broader geographic ranges if shark taxa display common behavioural traits. By tracking the original site of photosynthetic fixation of carbon atoms that were ultimately assimilated into muscle tissues of 5,394 sharks from 114 species, we identify globally consistent biogeographic traits in trophic interactions between sharks found in different habitats...
February 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343656/crispr-cas9-mediated-generation-of-obese-and-diabetic-mouse-models
#19
Jae-Il Roh, Junghoon Lee, Seong Uk Park, Young-Shin Kang, Jaehoon Lee, Ah-Reum Oh, Dong Joon Choi, Ji-Young Cha, Han-Woong Lee
Mouse models of obesity (ob/ob) and diabetes (db/db) in which the leptin (Lep) and Leptin receptor (Lepr) genes have been mutated, respectively, have contributed to a better understanding of human obesity and type 2 diabetes and to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of these metabolic diseases. In this study, we report the first CRISPR-Cas9-induced Lep and Lepr KO mouse models by co-microinjection of Cas9 mRNA and sgRNAs that specifically targeted Lep or Lepr in C57BL/6J embryos. Our newly established Lep and Lepr knockout (KO) mouse models showed phenotypic disorders nearly identical to those found in ob/ob and db/db mice, such as an increase in body weight, hyperglycemia, and hepatic steatosis...
January 16, 2018: Experimental Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301188/a-boy-with-46-x-mar-presenting-gynecomastia-and-short-stature
#20
Ki Eun Kim, Ye Jin Kim, Mo Kyoung Jung, Hyun-Wook Chae, Ah Reum Kwon, Woo Jung Lee, Duk-Hee Kim, Ho-Seong Kim
A 15-year-old boy was referred due to gynecomastia and short stature. He was overweight and showed the knuckle-dimple sign on the left hand, a short fourth toe on the left foot, and male external genitalia with a small phallus. His levels of estradiol and follicle-stimulating hormone were increased, and his testosterone concentration was normal. Other hormonal tests were within the normal range. Radiographs showed short fourth and fifth metacarpals and fourth metatarsal bones. The karyotype was reported as 46,X,+mar, and the marker chromosome was shown to originate from the Y chromosome, which was identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization...
December 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
keyword
keyword
38453
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"