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A Reum Kim, Ki Bum Ahn, Hyun Young Kim, Ho Seong Seo, Cheol-Heui Yun, Seung Hyun Han
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus gordonii is a predominant member of the oral microflora and has been isolated from root canals of teeth with refractory apical periodontitis. Biofilm formation is important for various dental diseases, and S. gordonii is involved in dental biofilm formation as an early colonizer. Although serine-rich repeat (SRR) adhesins of S. gordonii such as gordonii surface protein B (GspB) are associated with bacterial colonization, the role of GspB in biofilm formation is not clearly understood...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Bong-Kyu Kim, Hye-In Yoo, Keonwoo Choi, Ah-Reum Lee, Sungjoo Kim Yoon
Srpr is a gene encoding α subunit of the signal recognition particle receptor which is involved in the targeting and translocation of nascent secretory and membrane proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum. Previous studies showed aberrant expression of Srpr in several cell types with abnormal growth rate. Although Srpr is expressed in various tissues including skin, the role of Srpr in keratinocytes and regulation of its expression by miRNAs have not been studied. In this study, we investigated the role of SRPR and regulation of its expression by miRNA in skin keratinocytes...
2016: PloS One
Yu Jin Lee, Jin Yong Jun, Juhyun Park, Soohyun Kim, Ah Reum Gwak, So Hee Lee, So Young Yoo, Seog Ju Kim
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the performance of North Korean refugees on attention tasks, and the relationship between that performance and psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: Sustained and divided attention was assessed using the computerized Comprehensive Attention Test in North Korean refugees and in South Koreans. All participants also completed the Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Impact of Event Scale-Revised and the Dissociative Experiences Scale-II (DES-II)...
September 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
Anna Ju, Young-Chang Cho, Ba Reum Kim, Sung Goo Park, Jeong-Hoon Kim, Kwonseop Kim, Jaehwi Lee, Byoung Chul Park, Sayeon Cho
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in a variety of intracellular events such as gene expression, cell proliferation, and programmed cell death. MAPKs are activated by dual phosphorylation on threonine and tyrosine residues through sequential activation of protein kinases. Recent studies have shown that the protein kinases involved in MAPK signal transductions might be organized into signaling complexes by scaffold proteins. These scaffold proteins are essential regulators that function by assembling the relevant molecular components in mammalian cells...
2016: PloS One
Jung-Min Hong, Hyeon Jeong Lee, Ah Reum Cho, Ji Seok Baik, Do Won Lee, Young Tae Ji, Ki Chan Yoo, Hae-Kyu Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of 5% lidocaine patch in reducing propofol-induced pain and cannula-induced pain. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind study, 126 patients were divided into one of three groups: pretreatment with a 5% lidocaine patch (Lidotop®) and premixed 2 ml of normal saline with 1.5 mg/kg of 1% propofol (Group A); pretreatment with a placebo patch and premixed 2 ml of normal saline with 1.5 mg/kg of 1% propofol (Group B); or pretreatment with a placebo patch and premixed 2 ml of 2% lidocaine (40 mg) with 1...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Young-Chang Cho, Ye Rang Kim, Ba Reum Kim, Tran The Bach, Sayeon Cho
Thunbergia alata (Acanthaceae) has been used traditionally to treat various inflammatory diseases such as fever, cough and diarrhea in East African countries including Uganda and Kenya. However, systemic studies elucidating the anti-inflammatory effects and precise mechanisms of action of T. alata have not been conducted, to the best of our knowledge. To address these concerns, we explored the anti-inflammatory effects of a methanol extract of T. alata (MTA) in macrophages. Non-cytotoxic concentrations of MTA (≤300 µg/ml) inhibited nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑stimulated RAW 264...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jung Eun Yang, Je Woong Kim, Young Hoon Oh, So Young Choi, Hyuk Lee, A-Reum Park, Jihoon Shin, Si Jae Park, Sang Yup Lee
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) containing 2-hydroxyacids such as lactate (LA) and 2-hydroxybutyrate (2HB) have recently been produced by metabolically engineered microorganisms. Here, we further expanded 2-hydroxyacid monomer spectrum of PHAs by engineering Escherichia coli to produce PHAs containing 2-hydroxyisovalerate (2HIV). To generate 2HIV in vivo, a feedback resistant ilvBN(mut) genes encoding acetohydroxyacid synthase and ilvCD genes encoding ketol-acid reductoisomerase and dihydroxyacid dehydratase, respectively, and panE gene encoding (D)-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase were overexpressed...
September 7, 2016: Biotechnology Journal
Seung-Joon Lee, Tae-Ung Yoon, Ah-Reum Kim, Seo-Yul Kim, Kyung-Ho Cho, Young Kyu Hwang, Jei-Won Yeon, Youn-Sang Bae
The separation of xenon/krypton mixtures is important for both environmental and industrial purposes. The potential of three hydrothermally stable MOFs (MIL-100(Fe), MIL-101(Cr), and UiO-66(Zr)) for use in Xe/Kr separation has been experimentally investigated. From the observed single-component Xe and Kr isotherms, isosteric heat of adsorption (Qst(o)), and IAST-predicted Xe/Kr selectivities, we observed that UiO-66(Zr) has the most potential as an adsorbent among the three candidate MOFs. We performed dynamic breakthrough experiments with an adsorption bed filled with UiO-66(Zr) to evaluate further the potential of UiO-66(Zr) for Xe/Kr separation under mixture flow conditions...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ah-Reum Han, Hye-Ri Kang, Jonghyeon Son, Do Hoon Kwon, Sulhee Kim, Woo Cheol Lee, Hyun Kyu Song, Moon Jung Song, Kwang Yeon Hwang
GTP and branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are metabolic sensors that are indispensable for the determination of the metabolic status of cells. However, their molecular sensing mechanism remains unclear. CodY is a unique global transcription regulator that recognizes GTP and BCAAs as specific signals and affects expression of more than 100 genes associated with metabolism. Herein, we report the first crystal structures of the full-length CodY complex with sensing molecules and describe their functional states...
September 4, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Kyu-Hee Han, Ah Reum Kim, Min Young Kim, Soyeon Ahn, Seung-Ha Oh, Ju Hun Song, Byung Yoon Choi
Many cutting-edge technologies based on next-generation sequencing (NGS) have been employed to identify candidate variants responsible for sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). However, these methods have limitations preventing their wide clinical use for primary screening, in that they remain costly and it is not always suitable to analyze massive amounts of data. Several different DNA chips have been developed for screening prevalent mutations at a lower cost. However, most of these platforms do not offer the flexibility to add or remove target mutations, thereby limiting their wider use in a field that requires frequent updates...
2016: PloS One
Ah Reum Khang, Eu Jeong Ku, Ye An Kim, Eun Roh, Jae Hyun Bae, Tae Jung Oh, Sang Wan Kim, Chan Soo Shin, Seong Yeon Kim, Jung Hee Kim
PURPOSE: Hypopituitary patients have a reduced life expectancy owing to cardiovascular events. We investigated the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in hypopituitary patients for a follow-up period of at least 1 year in comparison with an age- and sex-matched nationwide control group. METHODS: A total of 515 patients with hypopituitarism who visited Seoul National University Hospital between January 2000 and December 2010 were included. Data for an age- and sex-matched control group were obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) (n = 1545)...
August 30, 2016: Pituitary
Ah Reum Jo, Jang Hoon Kim, Xi-Tao Yan, Seo Young Yang, Young Ho Kim
Continuous efforts to identify sEH inhibitors using activity-guided fractionation have revealed 12 known compounds, 2-13, from Rheum undulatum. Compounds 2-13 and 1, which was obtained from the in-house library, were tested for inhibitory activity against sEH. Compounds 1-9, 11, and 12 were shown to have inhibitory activity, with IC50 values ranging from 2.5 ± 0.5 to 53.2 ± 4.4 μM. They were subjected to enzyme kinetic studies to explore the binding mode between the ligand and receptor. Based on our results, compounds 1, 2, 5-9, and 11 (mixed type) and compounds 3 and 12 (noncompetitive type) had a preferred allosteric site...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Ah-Reum Han, Moon-Jung Kim, Geun-Hee Kwak, Jonghyeon Son, Kwang Yeon Hwang, Hwa-Young Kim
Many bacteria, particularly pathogens, possess methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MsrA) and B (MsrB) as a fusion form (MsrAB). However, it is not clear why they possess a fusion MsrAB form rather than the separate enzymes that exist in most organisms. In this study, we performed biochemical and kinetic analyses of MsrAB from Treponema denticola (TdMsrAB), single-domain forms (TdMsrA and TdMsrB), and catalytic Cys mutants (TdMsrAB(C11S) and TdMsrAB(C285S)). We found that the catalytic efficiency of both MsrA and MsrB increased after fusion of the domains and that the linker region (iloop) that connects TdMsrA and TdMsrB is required for the higher catalytic efficiency of TdMsrAB...
September 13, 2016: Biochemistry
Yangkang So, Seung Young Lee, Ah-Reum Han, Jin-Baek Kim, Hye Gwang Jeong, Chang Hyun Jin
In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effect of rosmarinic acid methyl ester (RAME) isolated from a mutant cultivar of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton. We found that RAME inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production, with an IC50 of 14.25 µM, in RAW 264.7 cells. RAME inhibited the LPS-induced expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-10, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, interferon-β, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Gyo-Nam Kim, Mi-Rae Shin, Sung Ho Shin, Ah Reum Lee, Joo Young Lee, Bu-Il Seo, Min Yeong Kim, Tae Hoon Kim, Jeong Sook Noh, Man Hee Rhee, Seong-Soo Roh
Pancreatic lipase is the enzyme responsible for digestion and absorption of triglycerides, being its inhibition one of the widest studied methods used to determine the potential activity of natural products to inhibit dietary fat absorption. Decrease of energy intake from dietary fat through inhibition of this enzyme may be an excellent strategy to prevent and treat obesity. The inhibitory activity on pancreatic lipase enzyme of Diospyros kaki fruit and Citrus unshiu peel mixture extract (PCM) was evaluated in vitro and its antiobesity effects were studied based on the serum lipid parameters analysis from high-fat diet- (HFD-) fed mice in vivo...
2016: BioMed Research International
Jin-Sik Bae, Ah-Reum Oh, Ho-Jae Lee, Yong-Ho Ahn, Ji-Young Cha
Elongation of very long chain fatty acids protein 6 (ELOVL6), a rate-limiting enzyme for the elongation of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids with 12, 14, and 16 carbons, plays a key role in energy metabolism and insulin sensitivity. Hepatic Elovl6 expression is upregulated in the fasting-refeeding response and in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice. Mouse Elovl6 has been shown to be a direct target of sterol regulatory element binding protein-1 (SREBP-1) in response to insulin. In the present study, we demonstrated that mouse and human Elovl6 expression is under the direct transcriptional control of carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP), a mediator of glucose-induced gene expression...
September 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Hyo Seon Kim, Jin Mi Chun, Bo-In Kwon, A-Reum Lee, Ho Kyoung Kim, A Yeong Lee
Ultra-performance convergence chromatography, which integrates the advantages of supercritical fluid chromatography and ultra high performance liquid chromatography technologies, is an environmentally friendly analytical method that uses dramatically reduced amounts of organic solvents. An ultra-performance convergence chromatography method was developed and validated for the quantification of decursinol angelate and decursin in Angelica gigas using a CSH Fluoro-Phenyl column (2.1 mm × 150 mm, 1.7 μm) with a run time of 4 min...
October 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Hansang Jung, Namju Lee, Sok Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the interaction of ACTN3 gene polymorphism and muscle imbalance effects on kinematic efficiency changes in combat sports athletes. METHODS: Six types of combat sports athletes (Judo, Taekwondo, boxing, kendo, wrestling, and Korean Ssi-reum) participated in the study. ATCN3 gene polymorphism and muscle imbalance in lower extremity were evaluated followed by analysis of differences of moment in hip, knee, and ankle joint during V-cut jumping and stop...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Junsoo Kim, Gerelt-Od Sambalkhundev, Sulhee Kim, Jonghyeon Son, Ah-Reum Han, Sul-Min Ko, Kwang Yeon Hwang, Woo Cheol Lee
RNase H fold protein PF2046 of Pyrococcus furiosus is a 3'-5' ssDNA exonuclease that cleaves after the second nucleotide from the 3' end of ssDNA and prefers poly-dT over poly-dA as a substrate. In our crystal structure of PF2046 complexed with an oligonucleotide of four thymidine nucleotides (dT4), PF2046 accommodates dT4 tightly in a groove and imposes steric hindrance on dT4 mainly by Phe220 such that dT4 assumes the A-form. As poly-dA prefer B-form due to the stereochemical restrictions, the A-form ssDNA binding by PF2046 should disfavor the processing of poly-dA...
September 15, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Ah Reum Jo, Hyo-Soon Jeong, Myo-Kyoung Kim, Hye-Young Yun, Kwang Jin Baek, Nyoun Soo Kwon, Dong-Seok Kim
The aim of this study was to test the anti-cancer effects of geranylgeranylacetone (GGA), an isoprenoid compound, on human melanoma cells. Human melanoma cell lines G361, SK-MEL-2, and SK-MEL-5 were treated with GGA at various doses (1-100μM). Cell viability was measured by crystal violet assay. Western blot analysis was adopted to detect marker proteins of apoptosis. GGA significantly reduced the viability of G361, SK-MEL-2, and SK-MEL-5 human melanoma cells at concentrations above 10μM. Western blot analysis showed the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) after GGA treatment, as well as activation of caspase-9, caspase-3, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage...
August 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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