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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913563/-you-can-t-be-a-person-and-a-doctor-the-work-life-balance-of-doctors-in-training-a-qualitative-study
#1
Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the work-life balance of doctors in training in the UK from the perspectives of trainers and trainees. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus groups and interviews with trainees and trainers. SETTING: Postgraduate medical training in London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and Wales during the junior doctor contract dispute at the end of 2015. Part of a larger General Medical Council study about the fairness of postgraduate medical training...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893478/loads-and-movement-speeds-dictate-differences-in-power-output-during-circuit-training
#2
Kirk B Roberson, Sean Chowdhari, Morgan White, Joseph F Signorile
Power training has become a common exercise intervention for improving muscle strength, power, and physical function, while reducing injury risk. Few studies, however, have evaluated acute load changes on power output during traditional resistance-training protocols. Therefore, the aim of this study was to quantify the effects of different loading patterns on power output during a single session of circuit resistance training (CRT). Nine males (age=19.4±0.9 y) and eleven females (age=20.6±1.6 y) completed three CRT protocols during separate testing sessions using seven pneumatic exercises...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881123/reflective-practice-and-its-role-in-facilitating-creative-responses-to-dilemmas-within-clinical-communication-a-qualitative-analysis
#3
Gabriele Lutz, Gudrun Roling, Bettina Berger, Friedrich Edelhäuser, Christian Scheffer
BACKGROUND: Good communication is a major factor in delivering high quality in care. Research indicates that current communication skills training alone might not sufficiently enable students to find context-specific creative solutions to individual complex personal and interpersonal challenges in the clinical context. This study explores medical students' experiences with real communication dilemmas in a facilitated group setting. The aims were to gain a better understanding of whether and, if so, how reflective practice can enhance students' ability to find creative individual solutions in difficult communication situations and to identify factors within the reflective setting that foster their creative competency...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867857/training-for-mis-in-pediatric-urology-proposition-of-a-structured-training-curriculum
#4
REVIEW
Maria Escolino, Francesco Turrà, Alessandro Settimi, Ciro Esposito
In Europe there are a lot of training centers for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) but a standardized MIS training program in pediatric urology doesn't exist at the moment. We performed a literature review with the last goals to propose a structured training curriculum in MIS urology for pediatric surgeons. Pediatric urologists have to obtain a valid MIS training curriculum completing the following 4 steps: (I) Theoretical part (theoretical courses, masterclass) to acquire theoretical knowledge; (II) experimental training (simulation on pelvic trainer, virtual reality simulators, animal models, 3-D ex-vivo models) to acquire basic laparoscopic skills; (III) stages in European centers of reference for pediatric MIS urology to learn all surgery aspects; (IV) personal operative experience...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855297/evaluation-of-a-nurse-led-dementia-education-and-knowledge-translation-programme-in-primary-care-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Yao Wang, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Shahid Ullah, Guo-Ping He, Anita De Bellis
BACKGROUND: The lack of dementia education programmes for health professionals in primary care is one of the major factors contributing to the unmet demand for dementia care services. AIMS: To determine the effectiveness of a nurse-led dementia education and knowledge translation programme for health professionals in primary care; participants' satisfaction with the programme; and to understand participants' perceptions of and experiences in the programme. DESIGN: A cluster randomized controlled trial was used as the main methodology to evaluate health professionals' knowledge, attitudes and care approach...
November 11, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842562/locomotor-training-through-a-novel-robotic-platform-for-gait-rehabilitation-in-pediatric-population-short-report
#6
C Bayón, S Lerma, O Ramírez, J I Serrano, M D Del Castillo, R Raya, J M Belda-Lois, I Martínez, E Rocon
BACKGROUND: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a disorder of posture and movement due to a defect in the immature brain. The use of robotic devices as alternative treatment to improve the gait function in patients with CP has increased. Nevertheless, current gait trainers are focused on controlling complete joint trajectories, avoiding postural control and the adaptation of the therapy to a specific patient. This paper presents the applicability of a new robotic platform called CPWalker in children with spastic diplegia...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834507/graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-the-supervisor-s-role-in-professional-socialization-part-ii
#7
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Thalia Mulvihill
CONTEXT:  Many new athletic trainers (ATs) obtain graduate-assistant (GA) positions to gain more experience and professional development while being mentored by a veteran AT; however, GA ATs' perceptions of the supervisor's role in professional development are unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the supervisor's role in the professional development of GAs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  Phone interviews...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831745/graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-professional-socialization-in-the-collegiate-setting-part-i
#8
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Thalia Mulvihill
CONTEXT:  Many newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs) pursue graduate assistantships, which allow them to gain experience while being supervised by an experienced AT. The graduate-assistant (GA) ATs' perception of their socialization process into the collegiate setting is unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the professional socialization of GAs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  Phone interviews...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829408/examining-the-effects-of-a-mindfulness-based-distance-learning-professional-training-module-on-personal-and-professional-functioning-a-qualitative-study
#9
Simon Whitesman, Robert Mash
BACKGROUND: Training people to deliver mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) is becoming an important activity as mindfulness has been shown to have clinical benefits across a variety of conditions. Training courses must not only address the principles, skills and theory of mindfulness, but the trainers themselves must be able to embody the practice. There is limited research on the ability of teachers-in-training to embody the practice as a result of teacher training programmes. This study explored the extent to which a short course enabled future teachers to embody mindfulness practice...
November 9, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799016/health-promotion-for-young-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#10
John A Naslund, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Emily A Scherer, Sarah I Pratt, Stephen J Bartels
OBJECTIVE: Young adulthood represents a critical time to address elevated obesity rates and the risk of early mortality, particularly among people with serious mental illness. Few studies have assessed the benefits of lifestyle interventions targeting weight loss among these young adults. This study examined the impact of the 12-month In SHAPE lifestyle intervention on weight loss and fitness among overweight and obese young adults with serious mental illness (ages 21-30) compared with participants over age 30...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776789/preferences-and-needs-of-patients-with-a-rheumatic-disease-regarding-the-structure-and-content-of-online-self-management-support
#11
Judy W Ammerlaan, Harmieke van Os-Medendorp, Nienke de Boer-Nijhof, Bertha Maat, Lieske Scholtus, Aike A Kruize, Johannes W J Bijlsma, Rinie Geenen
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to investigate preferences and needs regarding the structure and content of a person-centered online self-management support intervention for patients with a rheumatic disease. METHODS: A four step procedure, consisting of online focus group interviews, consensus meetings with patient representatives, card sorting task and hierarchical cluster analysis was used to identify the preferences and needs. RESULTS: Preferences concerning the structure involved 1) suitability to individual needs and questions, 2) fit to the life stage 3) creating the opportunity to share experiences, be in contact with others, 4) have an expert patient as trainer, 5) allow for doing the training at one's own pace and 6) offer a brief intervention...
October 13, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761219/personal-trainer-demographics-current-practice-trends-and-common-trainee-injuries
#12
Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
Increasing emphasis on maintaining a healthy lifestyle has led many individuals to seek advice on exercise from personal trainers. There are few studies to date that evaluate personal trainer education, practice trends, and injuries they have seen while training clients. A survey was distributed to personal trainers using Survey Monkey® (Palo Alto, CA, USA) with 605 personal trainers accessing the survey. An exercise related bachelor's degree was held by 64.2% of survey participants and a certification in personal training by 89...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710154/personal-trainer-perceptions-of-providing-nutrition-care-to-clients-a-qualitative-exploration
#13
Katelyn Barnes, Lauren Ball, Ben Desbrow
Personal trainers are well placed to provide basic nutrition care in line with national dietary guidelines. However, many personal trainers provide nutrition care beyond their scope of practice and this has been identified as a major industry risk due to a perceived lack of competence in nutrition. This paper explores the context in which personal trainers provide nutrition care, by understanding personal trainers' perceptions of nutrition care in relation to their role and scope of practice. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 15 personal trainers working within Australia...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697292/promotion-of-nutrition-care-by-australian-fitness-businesses-a-website-analysis
#14
K Barnes, L Ball, B Desbrow
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intention of fitness businesses to promote the provision of nutrition care from personal trainers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional evaluation of webpage content. METHODS: Fitness businesses within two Australian federal electorates were identified using the Fitness Australia list of registered fitness businesses. Inductive content analysis of these fitness business websites and associated social media sites was undertaken to compare website content to the Fitness Australia Position Statement outlining the Roles and Responsibilities of Registered Fitness Professionals...
November 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692494/personal-trainers-are-confident-in-their-ability-to-provide-nutrition-care-a-cross-sectional-investigation
#15
K Barnes, B Desbrow, L Ball
OBJECTIVE: To measure the self-perceived competence of Australian personal trainers in providing nutrition care. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. METHODS: A validated survey was used to measure confidence in the ability to provide nutrition care among a snowball sample of 142 Australian-based personal trainers. The survey used 5-point Likert scale statements across four nutrition related constructs: knowledge; skills; communication and counselling; and attitudes...
November 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681658/challenges-encountered-in-the-conduct-of-optimal-health-a-patient-centered-comparative-effectiveness-study-of-interventions-for-adults-with-serious-mental-illness
#16
Jane N Kogan, James Schuster, Cara Nikolajski, Patricia Schake, Tracy Carney, Sally C Morton, Chaeryon Kang, Charles F Reynolds
BACKGROUND: The aim of patient-centered comparative effectiveness research is to conduct stakeholder-driven investigations that identify which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. Conducting this research in real-world settings comes with unique experiences and challenges. We provide the study design, challenges confronted, and the solutions we devised for Optimal Health, a stakeholder-informed patient-centered comparative effectiveness study focused on the needs of seriously mentally ill individuals receiving case management services in community mental health centers across Pennsylvania...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677913/a-review-of-the-acute-effects-and-long-term-adaptations-of-single-and-multi-joint-exercises-during-resistance-training
#17
Paulo Gentil, James Fisher, James Steele
Resistance exercises can be considered to be multi-joint (MJ) or single-joint (SJ) in nature. Many strength coaches, trainers, and trainees believe that adding SJ exercises to a resistance training (RT) program may be required to optimize muscular size and strength. However, given that lack of time is a frequently cited barrier to exercise adoption, the time commitment resulting from these recommendations may not be convenient for many people. Therefore, it is important to find strategies that reduce the time commitment without negatively affecting results...
September 27, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677266/exploring-clinicians-attitudes-about-using-aspirin-for-risk-reduction-in-people-with-lynch-syndrome-with-no-personal-diagnosis-of-colorectal-cancer
#18
Yanni Chen, Michelle Peate, Rajneesh Kaur, Bettina Meiser, Tim Wong, Judy Kirk, Robyn L Ward, Annabel Goodwin, Finlay Macrae, Janet Hiller, Alison H Trainer, Gillian Mitchell
Recent research has shown that aspirin reduces the risk of cancers associated with Lynch Syndrome. However, uncertainty exists around the optimal dosage, treatment duration and whether the benefits of aspirin as a risk-reducing medication (RRM) outweigh adverse medication related side-effects. Little is known about clinicians' attitudes, current practice, and perceived barriers to recommending aspirin as a RRM. To explore the attitudes of clinicians who discuss risk management options with patients with Lynch Syndrome towards using aspirin as a RRM...
September 27, 2016: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676273/the-influence-of-a-personal-trainer-on-self-selected-loading-during-resistance-exercise
#19
Marcelo R C Dias, Roberto Simao, Francisco J F Saavedra, Nicholas A Ratamess
The purpose of this study was to compare differences in muscle strength and self-selected resistance training intensities between trained subjects who trained under the supervision of a personal trainer (PT) and those who trained without supervision (WoPT). Twenty-one trained subjects, men (n = 12) and women (n = 9), completed three sessions (separated by 48 hours) in the following sequence: (1) self-selected intensity assessment consisting of performance of three sets of 10 repetitions for the leg press, bench press, leg extension, and arm curl exercises with self-selected load; (2) a one repetition-maximum (1RM) test to determine subjects' maximal strength in the four exercises; and (3) a 10 repetition-maximum (10RM) test to determine the maximum load completed for 10 repetitions for each exercise...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662241/a-mixed-methods-process-evaluation-of-a-goal-management-intervention-for-patients-with-polyarthritis
#20
Roos Y Arends, Christina Bode, Erik Taal, Mart A F J Van de Laar
Process evaluations of newly developed interventions are necessary to identify effective and less effective intervention components. First aim of this study was to identify key components of a psychosocial goal management intervention from the perspective of participants, and second aim was to evaluate the intervention's fidelity. A mixed-methods approach was applied to 24 interviews with participants post-intervention and 16 audio recordings of random training sessions. Participants experienced three key components: 1) the content, in which specific exercises helped to raise awareness and (intention to) change goal management behaviour, 2) person-focused approach, specifically, the nurse as trainer and personal fit of the approach, and 3) social mechanisms, including facilitating group processes and interpersonal processes...
September 23, 2016: Psychology & Health
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