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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304332/a-wellness-mobile-application-for-smart-health-pilot-study-design-and-results
#1
Giovanna Sannino, Manolo Forastiere, Giuseppe De Pietro
Wellness is one of the main factors crucial in the avoidance of illness or disease. Experience has shown that healthy lifestyle programs are an important strategy to prevent the major shared risk factors for many diseases including cardiovascular diseases, strokes, diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Within the ambit of the Smart Health 2.0 project, a Wellness App has been developed which has the aim of providing people with something similar to a personal trainer. This Wellness App is able to gather information about the subject, to classify her/him by evaluating some of her/his specific characteristics (physical parameters and lifestyle) and to make personal recommendations to enhance her/his well-being...
March 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300433/eating-in-the-panopticon-surveillance-of-food-and-weight-before-and-after-bariatric-surgery
#2
Sarah Trainer, Amber Wutich, Alexandra Brewis
In this article, we explore the processes by which surveillance of eating and weight are coupled with popular and medical ideas about discipline, responsibility, and moral worth for individuals identified as fat/obese. We then follow these individuals through bariatric surgery and weight loss, paying attention to what discourses and practices shift and what remain unchanged. We argue that weight loss does not temper the intensity and constancy of surveillance, because it is at the core of ideas concerning good citizenship and personal responsibility...
March 16, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294629/sport-concussion-management-using-facebook-a-feasibility-study-of-an-innovative-adjunct-icon
#3
Osman Hassan Ahmed, Anthony G Schneiders, Paul R McCrory, S John Sullivan
CONTEXT:   Sport concussion is currently the focus of much international attention. Innovative methods to assist athletic trainers in facilitating management after this injury need to be investigated. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the feasibility of using a Facebook concussion-management program termed iCon (interactive concussion management) to facilitate the safe return to play (RTP) of young persons after sport concussion. DESIGN:   Observational study...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292205/not-taking-the-easy-way-out-reframing-bariatric-surgery-from-low-effort-weight-loss-to-hard-work
#4
Sarah Trainer, Alexandra Brewis, Amber Wutich
Cultural notions equating greater morality and virtue with hard work and productive output are deeply embedded in American value systems. This is exemplified in how people understand and execute personal body projects, including efforts to become slim. Bariatric surgery is commonly viewed as a 'low-effort' means of losing weight, and individuals who opt for this surgery are often perceived to be 'cheating.' This extended ethnographic study within one bariatric program in the Southwestern United States shows how patients conscientiously perform this productivity...
April 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255565/defining-the-long-toss-a-professional-baseball-epidemiological-study
#5
Austin V Stone, Sandeep Mannava, Anita Patel, Alejandro Marquez-Lara, Michael T Freehill
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use of long-toss throwing in baseball as a component of arm conditioning, interval throwing programs, and rehabilitation, long-toss distance and throwing mechanics remain controversial. PURPOSE: To ascertain the perceived definition of long-toss throwing through a survey of professional pitchers, pitching coaches (PCs), and certified athletic trainers (ATCs) associated with Major League Baseball. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239482/aggressive-clinical-approach-to-obesity-improves-metabolic-and-clinical-outcomes-and-can-prevent-bariatric-surgery-a-single-center-experience
#6
Flavio A Cadegiani, Gustavo C Diniz, Gabriella Alves
BACKGROUND: The number of bariatric procedures has exponentially increased in the past decade, as a result of the lack of successful clinical weight-loss interventions. The main reasons for the failure of clinical obesity management are: (1) anti-obesity medications are administered as monotherapies (or pre-combined drugs); (2) lack of combination between pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological modalities; (3) short duration of pharmacotherapy for obesity; (4) lack of weight-loss maintenance strategies; (5) misunderstanding of the complex pathophysiology of obesity; and (6) underprescription of anti-obesity medications...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177736/health-care-provider-confidence-and-exercise-prescription-practices-of-exercise-is-medicine-canada-workshop-attendees
#7
Myles W O'Brien, Christopher A Shields, Paul I Oh, Jonathon R Fowles
The Exercise is Medicine Canada (EIMC) initiative promotes physical activity counselling and exercise prescription within health care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate perceptions and practices around physical activity counselling and exercise prescription in health care professionals before and after EIMC training. Prior to and directly following EIMC workshops, 209 participants (physicians (n = 113); allied health professionals (AHPs) (n = 54), including primarily nurses (n = 36) and others; and exercise professionals (EPs) (n = 23), including kinesiologists (n = 16), physiotherapists (n = 5), and personal trainers (n = 2)) from 7 provinces completed self-reflection questionnaires...
December 14, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130100/smart-phone-learning-experience-among-vascular-trainees-using-a-response-system-application
#8
Wissam Al-Jundi, Ahmed Kayssi, Giuseppe Papia, Andrew Dueck
OBJECTIVES: Smartphones have become the most important personal technological device. M-learning is learning through mobile device educational technology. We aim to assess the acceptability of a smartphone learning experience among the vascular trainees and determine if results could inform formal teaching efforts. METHODS: A survey of the vascular trainees at a single center was conducted following a trial of smartphone learning experience. A vascular fellow used a smartphone response system application (Polltogo, Inspirapps Inc...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105690/equip-training-the-trainers-an-evaluation-of-a-training-programme-for-service-users-and-carers-involved-in-training-mental-health-professionals-in-user-involved-care-planning
#9
C Fraser, A Grundy, O Meade, P Callaghan, K Lovell
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: UK NHS policy highlights the importance of user and carer involvement in health professional training. We know little about service user and carer motivations and experiences of accessing training courses for delivering training to health professionals and how well such courses prepare them for delivering training to healthcare professionals. 'Involvement' in training has often been tokenistic and too narrowly focused on preregistration courses. There is limited data on how best to prepare and support potential service user and carer trainers...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077347/translating-e-mental-health-into-practice-what-are-the-barriers-and-enablers-to-e-mental-health-implementation-by-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-professionals
#10
James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer, Simon DuBois, Kelly Hyde
BACKGROUND: With increasing evidence for the effectiveness of e-mental health interventions for enhancing mental health and well-being, a growing challenge is how to translate promising research findings into service delivery contexts. A 2012 e-mental health initiative by the Australian Federal Government (eMHPrac) has sought to address the issue through several strategies, one of which has been to train different health professional workforces in e-mental health (e-MH). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to report on the barriers and enablers of e-MH uptake in a cohort of predominantly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals (21 Indigenous, 5 non-Indigenous) who occupied mainly support or case management roles within their organizations...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998325/improving-the-care-of-people-with-dementia-in-general-hospitals-evaluation-of-a-whole-system-train-the-trainer-model
#11
Elizabeth L Sampson, Victoria Vickerstaff, Stephanie Lietz, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: There are concerns about the quality of care that people with dementia receive in the general hospital. Staff report a lack of confidence and inadequate training in dementia care. METHODS: A train-the-trainer model was implemented across eight acute hospital trusts in London via a large academic health and science network. Impact was evaluated using mixed methods. Data were collected at (a) individual level: "Sense of Competence in Dementia Care" (SCID), (b) ward level: Person Interaction and Environment (PIE) observations, (c) organization level: use of specific tools, i...
December 21, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992289/athlete-s-perception-of-athletic-trainer-empathy-how-important-is-it
#12
Shannon David, Mary Larson
CONTEXT: Health care practitioners face increasing expectations to provide patient-centered care. Communication skills, specifically empathy, are critical in the provision of patient-centered care. Past work correlates empathy with improved patient satisfaction, compliance and treatment outcomes. In particular, a predictive relationship exists between clients' ratings of their clinician's empathy and treatment outcomes. There is a dearth of studies examining empathy using qualitative methodology and factors of empathy in athletic training...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977301/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-ii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-athletics-model
#13
Ashley Goodman, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT:  The athletics model, in which athletic training clinical programs are part of the athletics department, is the predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of this model, particularly as it relates to organizational hierarchy. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the perceived benefits of and barriers in the athletics model. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I and III...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968881/a-smartphone-based-exercise-adherence-intervention-for-people-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-feasibility-pilot-study
#14
Janet Wh Sit, Sek-Ying Chair, Stanley Sc Hui, Kai-Chow Choi, Aileen Wk Chan, Eliza Ml Wong, Ho-Yu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Despite well-established benefits of exercise in the management of metabolic syndrome, evidence to support exercise adherence after program completion is lacking. We used a smartphone-based exercise adherence intervention (Virtual Trainer; Ex-VT) for adults with metabolic syndrome in Hong Kong, China. The objectives were to measure the feasibility, potential effectiveness, and implementation of Ex-VT in sustaining prescribed exercise practice for risk reduction in metabolic syndrome...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930431/first-person-point-of-view-augmented-reality-for-central-line-insertion-training-a-usability-and-feasibility-study
#15
Lauryn R Rochlen, Robert Levine, Alan R Tait
INTRODUCTION: The value of simulation in medical education and procedural skills training is well recognized. Despite this, many mannequin-based trainers are limited by the inability of the trainee to view the internal anatomical structures. This study evaluates the usability and feasibility of a first-person point-of-view-augmented reality (AR) trainer on needle insertion as a component of central venous catheter placement. METHODS: Forty subjects, including medical students and anesthesiology residents and faculty, participated...
February 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918856/preliminary-investigation-into-sport-and-exercise-psychology-consultants-views-and-experiences-of-an-interprofessional-care-team-approach-to-sport-injury-rehabilitation
#16
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Damien Clement
Sport injury rehabilitation has moved from predominately physical treatment to a more holistic care. However, limited research has explored the views and experiences of those involved in such an approach. The purpose of this study was to preliminarily investigate sport psychology consultants' (SPCs') views and experiences of an interprofessional team approach to sport injury rehabilitation. A cross-sectional online survey previously used with athletic trainers was distributed via a US-based sport/exercise psychology list-serve (N = 1245)...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913563/-you-can-t-be-a-person-and-a-doctor-the-work-life-balance-of-doctors-in-training-a-qualitative-study
#17
Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the work-life balance of doctors in training in the UK from the perspectives of trainers and trainees. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus groups and interviews with trainees and trainers. SETTING: Postgraduate medical training in London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and Wales during the junior doctor contract dispute at the end of 2015. Part of a larger General Medical Council study about the fairness of postgraduate medical training...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893478/loads-and-movement-speeds-dictate-differences-in-power-output-during-circuit-training
#18
Kirk B Roberson, Sean Chowdhari, Morgan White, Joseph F Signorile
Power training has become a common exercise intervention for improving muscle strength, power, and physical function, while reducing injury risk. Few studies, however, have evaluated acute load changes on power output during traditional resistance-training protocols. Therefore, the aim of this study was to quantify the effects of different loading patterns on power output during a single session of circuit resistance training (CRT). Nine males (age=19.4±0.9 y) and eleven females (age=20.6±1.6 y) completed three CRT protocols during separate testing sessions using seven pneumatic exercises...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881123/reflective-practice-and-its-role-in-facilitating-creative-responses-to-dilemmas-within-clinical-communication-a-qualitative-analysis
#19
Gabriele Lutz, Gudrun Roling, Bettina Berger, Friedrich Edelhäuser, Christian Scheffer
BACKGROUND: Good communication is a major factor in delivering high quality in care. Research indicates that current communication skills training alone might not sufficiently enable students to find context-specific creative solutions to individual complex personal and interpersonal challenges in the clinical context. This study explores medical students' experiences with real communication dilemmas in a facilitated group setting. The aims were to gain a better understanding of whether and, if so, how reflective practice can enhance students' ability to find creative individual solutions in difficult communication situations and to identify factors within the reflective setting that foster their creative competency...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867857/training-for-mis-in-pediatric-urology-proposition-of-a-structured-training-curriculum
#20
REVIEW
Maria Escolino, Francesco Turrà, Alessandro Settimi, Ciro Esposito
In Europe there are a lot of training centers for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) but a standardized MIS training program in pediatric urology doesn't exist at the moment. We performed a literature review with the last goals to propose a structured training curriculum in MIS urology for pediatric surgeons. Pediatric urologists have to obtain a valid MIS training curriculum completing the following 4 steps: (I) Theoretical part (theoretical courses, masterclass) to acquire theoretical knowledge; (II) experimental training (simulation on pelvic trainer, virtual reality simulators, animal models, 3-D ex-vivo models) to acquire basic laparoscopic skills; (III) stages in European centers of reference for pediatric MIS urology to learn all surgery aspects; (IV) personal operative experience...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
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