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Personal trainer

Judy W Ammerlaan, Harmieke van Os-Medendorp, Nienke de Boer-Nijhof, Bertha Maat, Lieske Scholtus, Aike A Kruize, Johannes W J Bijlsma, Rinie Geenen
OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to investigate preferences and needs regarding the structure and content of a person-centered online self-management support intervention for patients with a rheumatic disease. METHODS: A four step procedure, consisting of online focus group interviews, consensus meetings with patient representatives, card sorting task and hierarchical cluster analysis was used to identify the preferences and needs. RESULTS: Preferences concerning the structure involved 1) suitability to individual needs and questions, 2) fit to the life stage 3) creating the opportunity to share experiences, be in contact with others, 4) have an expert patient as trainer, 5) allow for doing the training at one's own pace and 6) offer a brief intervention...
October 13, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Gregory R Waryasz, Alan H Daniels, Joseph A Gil, Vladimir Suric, Craig P Eberson
Increasing emphasis on maintaining a healthy lifestyle has led many individuals to seek advice on exercise from personal trainers. There are few studies to date that evaluate personal trainer education, practice trends, and injuries they have seen while training clients. A survey was distributed to personal trainers using Survey Monkey® (Palo Alto, CA, USA) with 605 personal trainers accessing the survey. An exercise related bachelor's degree was held by 64.2% of survey participants and a certification in personal training by 89...
September 19, 2016: Orthopedic Reviews
Katelyn Barnes, Lauren Ball, Ben Desbrow
Personal trainers are well placed to provide basic nutrition care in line with national dietary guidelines. However, many personal trainers provide nutrition care beyond their scope of practice and this has been identified as a major industry risk due to a perceived lack of competence in nutrition. This paper explores the context in which personal trainers provide nutrition care, by understanding personal trainers' perceptions of nutrition care in relation to their role and scope of practice. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 15 personal trainers working within Australia...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
K Barnes, L Ball, B Desbrow
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the intention of fitness businesses to promote the provision of nutrition care from personal trainers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional evaluation of webpage content. METHODS: Fitness businesses within two Australian federal electorates were identified using the Fitness Australia list of registered fitness businesses. Inductive content analysis of these fitness business websites and associated social media sites was undertaken to compare website content to the Fitness Australia Position Statement outlining the Roles and Responsibilities of Registered Fitness Professionals...
September 30, 2016: Public Health
K Barnes, B Desbrow, L Ball
OBJECTIVE: To measure the self-perceived competence of Australian personal trainers in providing nutrition care. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. METHODS: A validated survey was used to measure confidence in the ability to provide nutrition care among a snowball sample of 142 Australian-based personal trainers. The survey used 5-point Likert scale statements across four nutrition related constructs: knowledge; skills; communication and counselling; and attitudes...
September 27, 2016: Public Health
Jane N Kogan, James Schuster, Cara Nikolajski, Patricia Schake, Tracy Carney, Sally C Morton, Chaeryon Kang, Charles F Reynolds
BACKGROUND: The aim of patient-centered comparative effectiveness research is to conduct stakeholder-driven investigations that identify which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. Conducting this research in real-world settings comes with unique experiences and challenges. We provide the study design, challenges confronted, and the solutions we devised for Optimal Health, a stakeholder-informed patient-centered comparative effectiveness study focused on the needs of seriously mentally ill individuals receiving case management services in community mental health centers across Pennsylvania...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
Paulo Gentil, James Fisher, James Steele
Resistance exercises can be considered to be multi-joint (MJ) or single-joint (SJ) in nature. Many strength coaches, trainers, and trainees believe that adding SJ exercises to a resistance training (RT) program may be required to optimize muscular size and strength. However, given that lack of time is a frequently cited barrier to exercise adoption, the time commitment resulting from these recommendations may not be convenient for many people. Therefore, it is important to find strategies that reduce the time commitment without negatively affecting results...
September 27, 2016: Sports Medicine
Yanni Chen, Michelle Peate, Rajneesh Kaur, Bettina Meiser, Tim Wong, Judy Kirk, Robyn L Ward, Annabel Goodwin, Finlay Macrae, Janet Hiller, Alison H Trainer, Gillian Mitchell
Recent research has shown that aspirin reduces the risk of cancers associated with Lynch Syndrome. However, uncertainty exists around the optimal dosage, treatment duration and whether the benefits of aspirin as a risk-reducing medication (RRM) outweigh adverse medication related side-effects. Little is known about clinicians' attitudes, current practice, and perceived barriers to recommending aspirin as a RRM. To explore the attitudes of clinicians who discuss risk management options with patients with Lynch Syndrome towards using aspirin as a RRM...
September 27, 2016: Familial Cancer
Marcelo R C Dias, Roberto Simao, Francisco J F Saavedra, Nicholas A Ratamess
The purpose of this study was to compare differences in muscle strength and self-selected resistance training intensities between trained subjects who trained under the supervision of a personal trainer (PT) and those who trained without supervision (WoPT). Twenty-one trained subjects, men (n = 12) and women (n = 9), completed three sessions (separated by 48 hours) in the following sequence: (1) self-selected intensity assessment consisting of performance of three sets of 10 repetitions for the leg press, bench press, leg extension, and arm curl exercises with self-selected load; (2) a one repetition-maximum (1RM) test to determine subjects' maximal strength in the four exercises; and (3) a 10 repetition-maximum (10RM) test to determine the maximum load completed for 10 repetitions for each exercise...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Roos Y Arends, Christina Bode, Erik Taal, Mart A F J Van de Laar
Process evaluations of newly developed interventions are necessary to identify effective and less effective intervention components. First aim of this study was to identify key components of a psychosocial goal management intervention from the perspective of participants, and second aim was to evaluate the intervention's fidelity. A mixed-methods approach was applied to 24 interviews with participants post-intervention and 16 audio recordings of random training sessions. Participants experienced three key components: 1) the content, in which specific exercises helped to raise awareness and (intention to) change goal management behaviour, 2) person-focused approach, specifically, the nurse as trainer and personal fit of the approach, and 3) social mechanisms, including facilitating group processes and interpersonal processes...
September 23, 2016: Psychology & Health
Liang-Ching Tsai, Yupeng Ren, Deborah J Gaebler-Spira, Gadi A Revivo, Li-Qun Zhang
This preliminary study examined the effects of off-axis elliptical training on reducing transverse-plane gait deviations and improving gait function in 8 individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) (15.5 ± 4.1 years) who completed an training program using a custom-made elliptical trainer that allows transverse-plane pivoting of the footplates during exercise. Lower-extremity off-axis control during elliptical exercise was evaluated by quantifying the root-mean-square and maximal angular displacement of the footplate pivoting angle...
September 22, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Robert C Hilliard, Lindsey Blom, Dorice Hankemeier, Jocelyn Bolin
CONTEXT: Athletic identity has been associated with rehabilitation overadherence in college athletes. OBJECTIVES: To explore which constructs of athletic identity predict rehabilitation overadherence, gauge athletes' views of the most salient aspect of their athletic participation, and understand their perceptions of the reasons they adhere to their rehabilitation program. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, mixed-methods. SETTING: University athletic training clinics and online...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Elsa Kristiansen, Trine Stensrud
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine how six young female handball players (aged 13-14 years) perceived the transition from primary school to a sport-specialised secondary school. METHODS: Physical and physiological data as well as data from questionnaires were collected at baseline and after the first year at the sport school, and qualitative interviews were performed retrospectively after the first year at school. RESULTS: Evidence of competition-related stressors, organisational stressors (sport and school balance) and personal stressors (social life and sport balance, lack of sleep and severe injuries) was found...
September 6, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT: Motherhood has been identified as a barrier to the head athletic trainer (AT) position. Role models have been cited as a possible facilitator for increasing the number of women who pursue and maintain this role in the collegiate setting. OBJECTIVE: To examine the experiences of female ATs balancing motherhood and head AT positions in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II and III and National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics settings...
July 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT: Very few women assume the role of head athletic trainer (AT). Reasons for this disparity include discrimination, motherhood, and a lack of interest in the position. However, data suggest that more women seek the head AT position in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II and III settings. OBJECTIVE: To examine the barriers female ATs face as they transition to the role of head AT. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Divisions II and III...
July 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT: Research suggests that women do not pursue leadership positions in athletic training due to a variety of reasons, including family challenges, organizational constraints, and reluctance to hold the position. The literature has been focused on the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I setting, limiting our full understanding. OBJECTIVE: To examine factors that help women as they worked toward the position of head athletic trainer. DESIGN: Qualitative study...
July 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Becca L Gas, EeeLN H Buckarma, Monali Mohan, T K Pandian, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: Surgical training programs often lack objective assessment strategies. Complicated scheduling characteristics frequently make it difficult for surgical residents to undergo formal assessment; actually having the time and opportunity to remediate poor performance is an even greater problem. We developed a novel methodology of assessment for residents and created an efficient remediation system using a combination of simulation, online learning, and self-assessment options. DESIGN: Postgraduate year (PGY) 2 to 5 general surgery (GS) residents were tested in a 5 station, objective structured clinical examination style event called the Surgical X-Games...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Ann L Charrette, Laura S Lorenz, Jeffrey Fong, Therese M O'Neil-Pirozzi, Karen Lamson, Michelle Demore-Taber, Ross Lilley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Effects of high-intensity exercise on endurance, mobility and gait speed of adults with chronic moderate-to-severe acquired brain injury (ABI) were investigated. It was hypothesized that intensive exercise would be associated with improvements in impairment and activity limitation measures. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen adults with chronic ABI in supported independent living who could stand with minimal or no assist and walk with or without ambulation device were studied...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Hege Heiestad, Anne Mette Rustaden, Kari Bø, Lene A H Haakstad
Objectives. The aim was to investigate the effects of three different types of resistance training implementation. Design. Randomized controlled trial. Methods. Inactive, overweight women (n = 143), mean BMI 31.3 ± 5.2 kg/m(2), mean age 39.9 ± 10.5 years, were randomized to one of the following groups: A (BodyPump group training), B (individual follow-up by a personal trainer), C (nonsupervised exercise), or D (controls). The intervention included 12 weeks of 45-60 minutes' full-body resistance training three sessions per week...
2016: BioMed Research International
A D Markland, J E Jelovsek, W E Whitehead, D K Newman, U U Andy, K Dyer, I Harm-Ernandes, S Cichowski, J McCormick, C Rardin, G Sutkin, A Shaffer, S Meikle
BACKGROUND: Standardized training and clinical protocols using biofeedback for the treatment of fecal incontinence (FI) are important for clinical care. Our primary aims were to develop, implement, and evaluate adherence to a standardized protocol for manometric biofeedback to treat FI. METHODS: In a Pelvic Floor Disorders Network (PFDN) trial, participants were enrolled from eight PFDN clinical centers across the United States. A team of clinical and equipment experts developed biofeedback software on a novel tablet computer platform for conducting standardized anorectal manometry with separate manometric biofeedback protocols for improving anorectal muscle strength, sensation, and urge resistance...
July 24, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
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