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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449485/volatile-chemical-products-emerging-as-largest-petrochemical-source-of-urban-organic-emissions
#1
Brian C McDonald, Joost A de Gouw, Jessica B Gilman, Shantanu H Jathar, Ali Akherati, Christopher D Cappa, Jose L Jimenez, Julia Lee-Taylor, Patrick L Hayes, Stuart A McKeen, Yu Yan Cui, Si-Wan Kim, Drew R Gentner, Gabriel Isaacman-VanWertz, Allen H Goldstein, Robert A Harley, Gregory J Frost, James M Roberts, Thomas B Ryerson, Michael Trainer
A gap in emission inventories of urban volatile organic compound (VOC) sources, which contribute to regional ozone and aerosol burdens, has increased as transportation emissions in the United States and Europe have declined rapidly. A detailed mass balance demonstrates that the use of volatile chemical products (VCPs)-including pesticides, coatings, printing inks, adhesives, cleaning agents, and personal care products-now constitutes half of fossil fuel VOC emissions in industrialized cities. The high fraction of VCP emissions is consistent with observed urban outdoor and indoor air measurements...
February 16, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444645/how-to-achieve-the-desired-outcomes-of-advance-care-planning-in-nursing-homes-a-theory-of-change
#2
J Gilissen, L Pivodic, C Gastmans, R Vander Stichele, L Deliens, E Breuer, L Van den Block
BACKGROUND: Advance care planning (ACP) has been identified as particularly relevant for nursing home residents, but it remains unclear how or under what circumstances ACP works and can best be implemented in such settings. We aimed to develop a theory that outlines the hypothetical causal pathway of ACP in nursing homes, i.e. what changes are expected, by means of which processes and under what circumstances. METHODS: The Theory of Change approach is a participatory method of programme design and evaluation whose underlying intention is to improve understanding of how and why a programme works...
February 14, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444266/fundamentals-of-glycogen-metabolism-for-coaches-and-athletes
#3
Bob Murray, Christine Rosenbloom
The ability of athletes to train day after day depends in large part on adequate restoration of muscle glycogen stores, a process that requires the consumption of sufficient dietary carbohydrates and ample time. Providing effective guidance to athletes and others wishing to enhance training adaptations and improve performance requires an understanding of the normal variations in muscle glycogen content in response to training and diet; the time required for adequate restoration of glycogen stores; the influence of the amount, type, and timing of carbohydrate intake on glycogen resynthesis; and the impact of other nutrients on glycogenesis...
February 10, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412001/training-the-anesthesiologist-trainer-enhancing-the-quality-of-feedback-during-human-patient-simulations
#4
Elissa A Adame, Ryan S Bisel, Edward S Kosik, Julia A Rygaard
An essential piece of anesthesiologist training is attending resident feedback sessions. Yet, few attending anesthesiologists have formal teaching education and little time to acquire it. In this field experiment, attending physicians were randomly assigned to a control group or to receive 30 minutes of feedback training inspired by Implicit Person Theory (IPT). As such, IPT training encouraged physicians to praise process-oriented learning while discouraging performance-oriented mindsets. Attending physicians then observed residents participate in a human patient simulation (HPS) activity and provided residents with feedback...
February 7, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396276/evaluating-fitness-to-perform-in-surgical-residents-after-night-shifts-and-alcohol-intoxication-the-development-of-a-fit-to-perform-test
#5
Coen R H Huizinga, Marieke L de Kam, Hein B A C Stockmann, Joop M A van Gerven, Adam F Cohen, Koen E A van der Bogt
OBJECTIVE: To develop a self-test to measure clinical fitness to perform in surgical residents, with alcohol-induced impairment as reference. DESIGN: Observational, exploratory study to evaluate night shift-induced impaired performance in surgical residents followed by a randomized blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover study to evaluate impaired performance as a result of ethanol intoxication. Impairment was quantified using the Mini-NeuroCart, a psychomotor and cognitive test battery for assessment of subjective and objective measures of alertness, concentration, eye-hand coordination, mood, and self-assessed ability to perform...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388797/development-and-formative-evaluation-of-a-communication-skills-training-program-for-persons-with-rheumatic-and-musculoskeletal-diseases
#6
Andrea C Schöpf, Malgorzata Schlöffel, Theresa Amos, Anja Thyrolf, Juliane Lamprecht, Wilfried Mau, Peter Böhm, Erik Farin
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to develop and evaluate a two-module training program (KOKOS-Rheuma) specifically designed to enhance the ability of persons with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases to communicate in various everyday situations. DESIGN: KOKOS-Rheuma deals with communication at work (particularly superiors), with physicians, acquaintances, strangers and staff members of authorities and institutions and focuses on communication skills such as "saying no" and "giving and receiving feedback...
February 1, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383791/irish-clinical-and-counselling-psychologists-experiences-and-views-of-mandatory-personal-therapy-during-training-a-polarisation-of-ethical-concerns
#7
Aisling McMahon
Although there have been some recent changes in Ireland, the practice of mandating personal therapy during training has traditionally differed between counselling and clinical psychologists. Irish psychologists (n = 258: 170 clinical, 88 counselling) took part in a survey study of experiences and views regarding this practice. Counselling psychologists reported higher rates of lifetime and current attendance at personal therapy compared to clinical psychologists, and nearly all had experienced mandated personal therapy compared to a minority of the clinical group...
January 30, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350553/role-strain-part-1-experiences-of-athletic-trainers-employed-in-the-professional-sports-setting
#8
Manuel G Romero, William A Pitney, Kirk Brumels, Stephanie M Mazerolle
CONTEXT:   The demands and expectations of athletic trainers employed in professional sports settings (ATPSSs) have increased over the years. Meeting these demands and expectations may predispose the athletic trainer to workplace stress and ultimately role strain. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the concept of role strain among ATPSSs. DESIGN:   Sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study consisting of 2 phases: (1) population role-strain survey and (2) personal interviews...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345486/facilitating-pipeline-progress-from-doctoral-degree-to-first-job
#9
Nadine J Kaslow, Debra A Bangasser, Catherine L Grus, Stephen R McCutcheon, Garth A Fowler
The sequence of professional development within psychology from doctoral education to first job represents a period of remarkable professional and personal growth for each trainee. However, this sequence also contains a variety of barriers that hinder progress through the pipeline. The myriad individual-, program-, and system-level barriers encountered by trainees in health service/other applied service psychology and in research basic/applied psychology are identified. To actively and systematically facilitate improved passage through major transition points, individual trainee and trainer, program- and system-level action steps are recommended...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343931/effect-of-modified-slow-breathing-exercise-on-perceived-stress-and-basal-cardiovascular-parameters
#10
G Sunil Naik, G S Gaur, G K Pal
Context: Different types of breathing exercises have varied effects on cardiovascular parameters and the stress levels in an individual. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a modified form of isolated alternate nostril, slow breathing exercise on perceived stress, and cardiovascular parameters in young, male volunteers. Settings and Design: This was a randomized control study carried out at Advanced Centre for Yoga Therapy Education and Research, Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry in 2014...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333870/the-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-for-persons-with-migraine-and-co-existing-tension-type-headache-and-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#11
Lotte Skytte Krøll, Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Mattias Linde, Gunvor Gard, Rigmor Højland Jensen
Aim To evaluate aerobic exercise in migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain. Methods Consecutively recruited persons with migraine and co-existing tension-type headache and neck pain were randomized into an exercise group or control group. Aerobic exercise consisted of bike/cross-trainer/brisk walking for 45 minutes, three times/week. Controls continued usual daily activities. Pain frequency, intensity, and duration; physical fitness, level of physical activity, well-being and ability to engage in daily activities were assessed at baseline, after treatment and at follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298448/-physical-activity-in-the-context-of-workplace-health-promotion-a-systematic-review-on-the-effectiveness-of-software-based-in-contrast-to-personal-based-interventions
#12
Sabrina Rudolph, Arne Göring, Dennis Padrok
OBJECTIVES: Sports and physical activity interventions are attracting considerable attention in the context of workplace health promotion. Due to increasing digitalization, especially software-based interventions that promote physical activity are gaining acceptance in practice. Empirical evidence concerning the efficiency of software-based interventions in the context of workplace health promotion is rather low so far. This paper examines the question in what way software-based interventions are more efficient than personal-based interventions in terms of increasing the level of physical activity...
January 3, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284802/being-a-forensic-psychiatrist-in-india-responsibilities-difficulties-and-criticalities
#13
REVIEW
B C Malathesh, Soumitra Das
Forensic psychiatry is in its infancy in India. There is a clear module or a well-structured training in the country except for recently opened few courses. Lack of trainer in the field might lead to compromised state when one has to take decision between the well-being of a person versus society. Starting from social contexts, such as marriage and mental illness, to the interpretation of criminal mind, there is a multitude of situations where forensic psychiatrist has a handful of jobs which suffer due to lack of infrastructure...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251535/validation-of-the-professional-identity-and-values-scale-among-an-athletic-trainer-population
#14
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Craig R Denegar, Laura Burton, Jennifer McGarry
CONTEXT:   Forming a professional identity is a process by which an individual achieves an awareness of his or her own self-concept in with the context of the profession. Identity in relation to an individual's profession includes the ability to articulate the role as a professional and professional philosophy. Professional identity has been studied extensively in other fields, but currently no professional identity scales have been validated within the athletic training profession...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251534/the-organizational-climate-in-collegiate-athletics-an-athletic-trainer-s-perspective
#15
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT:   An organizational climate is largely based on an employee's perceptions of the working conditions in which he or she engages regularly. A multifaceted concept, the organizational climate is often formed by perceptions of employee welfare, rewards, and support. Achieving work-life balance is also a part of the climate. OBJECTIVE:   To learn collegiate athletic trainers' perceptions of organizational climate and specifically how it may pertain to their work-life balance...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226230/new-paths-in-post-graduate-medical-training-in-general-practice-8-years-of-experience-with-the-pilot-project-verbundweiterbildungplus-baden-w%C3%A3-rttemberg
#16
Simon Schwill, Julia Magez, Stefanie Joos, Jost Steinhäuser, Thomas Ledig, Aline Rubik, Wilhelm Niebling, Joachim Szecsenyi, Elisabeth Flum
Background: In face of the looming shortage of general practitioners, primary healthcare providers and post-graduate training in general practice are increasingly becoming part of the political agenda in Germany. In 2009 the program "Verbundweiterbildung plus Baden-Württemberg" (VWB plus BW) was developed by the Competence Center for General Practice in Baden-Wuerttemberg to ensure primary healthcare in the future by enhancing the attractiveness of general medicine. This paper describes the experiences that have been gathered in developing a post-graduate training-program for physicians undergoing specialist training in general practice...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182376/perceptions-of-work-life-balance-practices-offered-in-the-collegiate-practice-setting
#17
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Lindsey E Eberman
CONTEXT:   Organizational factors have been identified as barriers to finding work-life balance (WLB) in athletic training. Despite the existence of organizational policies to address WLB, little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') awareness of these policies that could assist them. OBJECTIVE:   To better understand the perceptions of ATs regarding the workplace practices available to them, which may help them achieve WLB. DESIGN:   Phenomenologic design...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172650/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-environmental-sustainability-in-athletic-trainers
#18
Kelly Potteiger, William A Pitney, Thomas A Cappaert, Angela Wolfe
CONTEXT:   Environmental sustainability efforts are becoming a critical concern in health care. However, little is known regarding how athletic trainers feel about the environment or what can be done to reduce the environmental impact of the practice of athletic training. OBJECTIVE:   To examine athletic trainers' attitudes toward and perceptions of factors related to environmental sustainability. DESIGN:   Sequential, mixed methods using a survey, focus groups, and personal interviews...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141506/triathlon-transition-study-quantifying-differences-in-running-movement-pattern-and-precision-after-bike-run-transition
#19
Christian Weich, Randall L Jensen, Manfred Vieten
Various publications discuss the discrepancies of running in triathlons and stand-alone runs. However, those methods, such as analysing step-characteristics or ground-contact time, lack the ability to quantitatively discriminate between subtle running differences. The attractor method can be applied to overcome those shortcomings. The purpose was to detect differences in athletes' running patterns (δM) and movement precision (δD) by comparing a 5,000 m run after a prior cycling session (TRun) with an isolated run over the same distance (IRun)...
November 15, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129108/promoting-mental-health-resource-use-on-campus-by-trying-something-new
#20
Sara Champlin, Gwendelyn Nisbett
PURPOSE: To design and test a persuasive health promotion campaign that aligns with the qualities of trying something new for the first time. Given that a majority of students have not previously sought/considered professional mental health assistance before, the hypothesis tested in this study asked whether a campaign that takes this into account is effective with this audience. DESIGN: Participants viewed an online informational message (n = 84), information message plus first-time experience banner (n = 99), or 1 of 4 full campaigns, each depicting a student story and photo about a first-time experience (moving from home [n = 48], skydiving [n = 52], acting in a play [n = 48], and exercising with personal trainer [n = 48])...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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