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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625102/spatiotemporal-meta-analysis-reviewing-health-psychology-phenomena-over-space-and-time
#1
Blair T Johnson, Ellen K Cromley, Natasza Marrouch
Individual studies of health psychology are samples taken in particular places at particular times. The results of such studies manifest multiple processes, including those associated with individual, sample, intervention, and study design characteristics. Although extant meta-analyses of health phenomena have routinely considered these factors to explain heterogeneity, they have tended to neglect the environments where studies are conducted, which is ironic, as health phenomena cluster in space and times (e...
June 18, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576664/uncertainty-and-stress-why-it-causes-diseases-and-how-it-is-mastered-by-the-brain
#2
REVIEW
Achim Peters, Bruce S McEwen, Karl Friston
The term 'stress' - coined in 1936 - has many definitions, but until now has lacked a theoretical foundation. Here we present an information-theoretic approach - based on the 'free energy principle' - defining the essence of stress; namely, uncertainty. We address three questions: What is uncertainty? What does it do to us? What are our resources to master it? Mathematically speaking, uncertainty is entropy or 'expected surprise'. The 'free energy principle' rests upon the fact that self-organizing biological agents resist a tendency to disorder and must therefore minimize the entropy of their sensory states...
May 30, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561181/-the-load-of-injustice-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-impact-of-subjectively-perceived-income-injustice-on-the-risk-of-stress-associated-diseases-based-on-the-german-socio-economic-panel-study
#3
Claudia Boscher, Laura Arnold, Andreas Lange, Bertram Szagun
Background Income injustice is regarded as a psychosocial strain and associated with an increased risk of stress-related diseases. The physiological stress response is thereby considered as a central link. The aim of the study is to reveal the influence of subjectively perceived income injustice on stress-associated diseases, taking into consideration the load duration. Method Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, data on 5,657 workers in the survey years 2005-2013 were analyzed. The dependent variable reflect the doctor's diagnosed new cases of diabetes, asthma, cardiopathy, stroke, hypertension and depression in the years 2009-2013 as an index...
May 30, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554610/reverse-allostasis-in-biological-systems-minimal-conditions-and-implications
#4
Nasrollah Rezaei-Ghaleh, Davood Bakhtiari, Armin Rashidi
Biological control systems regulate the behavior of biological systems in a constantly changing environment. Homeostasis is the most widely studied outcome of biological control systems. Homeostatic systems maintain the system in its desired state despite variations in system parameters or the externally-determined input rates of their constituents, i.e. they have zero or near zero steady state error. On the other hand, allostatic systems are not resistant against environmental changes and the steady state level of their controlled variables responds positively to the changes in their input rates...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535254/invited-commentary-cassel-s-the-contribution-of-the-social-environment-to-host-resistance-a-modern-classic
#5
Sherman A James
John Cassel's 1976 paper "The Contribution of the Social Environment to Host Resistance" (Am J Epidemiol. 1976;104(2):107-123) is widely regarded as a classic in epidemiology. He makes the compelling argument that the quality of a person's social relationships, that is, the degree to which her relationships are more stressful than supportive (or vice versa) influences her susceptibility to disease independent of genetic endowment, diet, physical activity, etc. Cassel's provocative thesis was anchored in a cogent synthesis of findings from animal experiments and observational studies on diverse human populations...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522128/does-adult-attachment-style-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes
#6
Cathy Spatz Widom, Sally J Czaja, Sandra Sepulveda Kozakowski, Preeti Chauhan
Attachment theory has been proposed as one explanation for the relationship between childhood maltreatment and problematic mental and physical health outcomes in adulthood. This study seeks to determine whether: (1) childhood physical abuse and neglect lead to different attachment styles in adulthood, (2) adult attachment styles predict subsequent mental and physical health outcomes, and (3) adult attachment styles mediate the relationship between childhood physical abuse and neglect and mental and physical health outcomes...
May 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520779/church-attendance-allostatic-load-and-mortality-in-middle-aged-adults
#7
Marino A Bruce, David Martins, Kenrik Duru, Bettina M Beech, Mario Sims, Nina Harawa, Roberto Vargas, Dulcie Kermah, Susanne B Nicholas, Arleen Brown, Keith C Norris
IMPORTANCE: Religiosity has been associated with positive health outcomes. Hypothesized pathways for this association include religious practices, such as church attendance, that result in reduced stress. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between religiosity (church attendance), allostatic load (AL) (a physiologic measure of stress) and all-cause mortality in middle-aged adults. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data for this study are from NHANES III (1988-1994)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498274/fornix-structural-connectivity-and-allostatic-load-empirical-evidence-from-schizophrenia-patients-and-healthy-controls
#8
Anya Savransky, Joshua Chiappelli, Laura M Rowland, Krista Wisner, Dinesh K Shukla, Peter Kochunov, L Elliot Hong
OBJECTIVE: The fornix is a white matter tract carrying the fibers connecting the hippocampus and the hypothalamus, two essential stress-regulatory structures of the brain. We tested the hypothesis that allostatic load (AL), derived from a battery of peripheral biomarkers indexing the cumulative effects of stress, is associated with abnormalities in brain white matter microstructure, especially the fornix; and that higher AL may help explain the white matter abnormalities in schizophrenia...
May 12, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488009/linking-stress-catecholamine-autotoxicity-and-allostatic-load-with-neurodegenerative-diseases-a-focused-review-in-memory-of-richard-kvetnansky
#9
REVIEW
David S Goldstein, Irwin J Kopin
In this Focused Review, we provide an update about evolving concepts that may link chronic stress and catecholamine autotoxicity with neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease. Richard Kvetnansky's contributions to the field of stress and catecholamine systems inspired some of the ideas presented here. We propose that coordination of catecholaminergic systems mediates adjustments maintaining health and that senescence-related disintegration of these systems leads to disorders of regulation and to neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease...
May 9, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483870/how-birds-cope-physiologically-and-behaviourally-with-extreme-climatic-events
#10
REVIEW
John C Wingfield, Jonathan H Pérez, Jesse S Krause, Karen R Word, Paulina L González-Gómez, Simeon Lisovski, Helen E Chmura
As global climate change progresses, the occurrence of potentially disruptive climatic events such as storms are increasing in frequency, duration and intensity resulting in higher mortality and reduced reproductive success. What constitutes an extreme climatic event? First we point out that extreme climatic events in biological contexts can occur in any environment. Focusing on field and laboratory data on wild birds we propose a mechanistic approach to defining and investigating what extreme climatic events are and how animals cope with them at physiological and behavioural levels...
June 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476149/associations-of-fatigue-to-work-related-stress-mental-and-physical-health-in-an-employed-community-sample
#11
D M Rose, A Seidler, M Nübling, U Latza, E Brähler, E M Klein, J Wiltink, M Michal, S Nickels, P S Wild, J König, M Claus, S Letzel, M E Beutel
BACKGROUND: While work-related fatigue has become an issue of concern among European employees, the relationship between fatigue, depression and work-related stressors is far from clear. The purposes of this study were (1) to determine the associations of fatigue with work-related stressors, severe medical disease, health behavior and depression in the working population and (2) to determine the unique impact of work-related stressors on fatigue. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data of N = 7,930 working participants enrolled in the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) from 2007 to 2012 filled out the Personal Burnout Scale (PBS) of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), the PHQ-9, and a list of work-related stressors...
May 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462668/dove-and-hawk-profiles-in-youth-concussion-rethinking-occupational-performance
#12
Melissa J Paniccia, Nick P Reed
BACKGROUND: Youth concussion and its subsequent recovery have been described as heterogeneous; no one injury is the same, and each youth is different in how he or she recovers. PURPOSE: This paper proposes a theoretical perspective on the management of youth with persistent concussion symptoms. KEY ISSUES: When managing concussion within youth, further consideration of person, occupation, and environment factors may provide insight on (a) the differential spectrum of profiles that exist among youth who have experienced a concussion and (b) how these profiles can support client-centred rehabilitation...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449913/allostatic-load-in-early-pregnancy-is-associated-with-poor-sleep-quality
#13
Vanessa J Hux, James M Roberts, Michele L Okun
BACKGROUND: Allostatic load (AL) measures the cumulative impact of chronic stress and is associated with adverse health outcomes. A novel scoring system has previously been developed for AL in early pregnancy that is associated with pre-eclampsia. It was hypothesized that AL, as identified by the present model, is associated with psychosocial stressors and, specifically, poor sleep quality. METHODS: Women were selected from a low-risk, community-dwelling study population who enrolled at <15 weeks gestation...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444629/stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-varies-by-reason-for-immigration-the-africans-in-america-study
#14
Jean N Utumatwishima, Rafeal L Baker, Brianna A Bingham, Stephanie T Chung, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
OBJECTIVE: Reason for immigration as a biological stress has not been studied in Africans. Our goal was to determine in African immigrants, if biological stress measured by allostatic load score (ALS) varies by reason for immigration. METHODS: Using an ALS which had been previously developed with the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data to assess stress due to racism and nativity, ALS was calculated in 85 African immigrants (67% male, age 42 ± 10 years)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439103/brain-age-predicts-mortality
#15
J H Cole, S J Ritchie, M E Bastin, M C Valdés Hernández, S Muñoz Maniega, N Royle, J Corley, A Pattie, S E Harris, Q Zhang, N R Wray, P Redmond, R E Marioni, J M Starr, S R Cox, J M Wardlaw, D J Sharp, I J Deary
Age-associated disease and disability are placing a growing burden on society. However, ageing does not affect people uniformly. Hence, markers of the underlying biological ageing process are needed to help identify people at increased risk of age-associated physical and cognitive impairments and ultimately, death. Here, we present such a biomarker, 'brain-predicted age', derived using structural neuroimaging. Brain-predicted age was calculated using machine-learning analysis, trained on neuroimaging data from a large healthy reference sample (N=2001), then tested in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (N=669), to determine relationships with age-associated functional measures and mortality...
April 25, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431971/influence-of-stress-associated-with-chronic-alcohol-exposure-on-drinking
#16
REVIEW
Howard C Becker
Stress is commonly regarded as an important trigger for relapse and a significant factor that promotes increased motivation to drink in some individuals. However, the relationship between stress and alcohol is complex, likely changing in form during the transition from early moderated alcohol use to more heavy uncontrolled alcohol intake. A growing body of evidence indicates that prolonged excessive alcohol consumption serves as a potent stressor, producing persistent dysregulation of brain reward and stress systems beyond normal homeostatic limits...
August 1, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424895/risk-and-protective-factors-for-structural-brain-ageing-in-the-eighth-decade-of-life
#17
Stuart J Ritchie, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, Simon R Cox, David Alexander Dickie, Maria Del C Valdés Hernández, Janie Corley, Natalie A Royle, Paul Redmond, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Alison Pattie, Benjamin S Aribisala, Adele M Taylor, Toni-Kim Clarke, Alan J Gow, John M Starr, Mark E Bastin, Joanna M Wardlaw, Ian J Deary
Individuals differ markedly in brain structure, and in how this structure degenerates during ageing. In a large sample of human participants (baseline n = 731 at age 73 years; follow-up n = 488 at age 76 years), we estimated the magnitude of mean change and variability in changes in MRI measures of brain macrostructure (grey matter, white matter, and white matter hyperintensity volumes) and microstructure (fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity from diffusion tensor MRI). All indices showed significant average change with age, with considerable heterogeneity in those changes...
April 19, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420362/clinical-hemispheric-and-autonomic-changes-associated-with-use-of-closed-loop-allostatic-neurotechnology-by-a-case-series-of-individuals-with-self-reported-symptoms-of-post-traumatic-stress
#18
Charles H Tegeler, Jared F Cook, Catherine L Tegeler, Joshua R Hirsch, Hossam A Shaltout, Sean L Simpson, Brian C Fidali, Lee Gerdes, Sung W Lee
BACKGROUND: The objective of this pilot study was to explore the use of a closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology for individuals with self-reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress, as a potential means to impact symptomatology, temporal lobe high frequency asymmetry, heart rate variability (HRV), and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). METHODS: From a cohort of individuals participating in a naturalistic study to evaluate use of allostatic neurotechnology for diverse clinical conditions, a subset was identified who reported high scores on the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist (PCL)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418198/stress-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-recurrent-seizures-in-adults
#19
Elisa Baldin, W Allen Hauser, Alison Pack, Dale C Hesdorffer
OBJECTIVE: The literature is sparse on the complex interrelationships between stressors, depression, anxiety disorders, and epilepsy. We hypothesized that a relationship exists between stress and epilepsy. We evaluated whether markers of stress are associated with seizure recurrence in a low income community-based cohort of adults with single unprovoked seizure or newly diagnosed epilepsy. METHODS: We ascertained adult residents of Northern Manhattan and Harlem, New York City, with a first unprovoked seizure or newly diagnosed epilepsy, between December 2010 and January 2013...
June 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403421/reply-allostatic-load-as-an-approach-to-support-the-theoretical-assumptions-of-the-brief-measure-of-emotional-preoperative-stress-b-meps
#20
W Caumo, J D Segabinazi, L P C Stefani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
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