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Brain SPECT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157745/differential-diagnosis-of-parkinsonian-syndromes-using-dopamine-transporter-and-perfusion-spect
#1
Shigetoshi Takaya, Nobukatsu Sawamoto, Tomohisa Okada, Gosuke Okubo, Sei Nishida, Kaori Togashi, Hidenao Fukuyama, Ryosuke Takahashi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess whether a combined analysis of dopamine transporter (DAT)- and perfusion-SPECT images (or either) could: (1) distinguish atypical parkinsonian syndromes (APS) from Lewy body diseases (LBD; majority Parkinson disease [PD]), and (2) differentiate among APS subgroups (progressive supranuclear palsy [PSP], corticobasal syndrome [CBS], and multiple system atrophy [MSA]). METHODS: We recruited consecutive patients with neurodegenerative parkinsonian syndromes (LBD, n = 46; APS, n = 33)...
November 14, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154283/longitudinal-neuroimaging-analysis-in%C3%A2-mild-moderate-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-treated-with-plasma-exchange-with%C3%A2-5-human-albumin
#2
Gemma Cuberas-Borrós, Isabel Roca, Mercè Boada, Lluís Tárraga, Isabel Hernández, Mar Buendia, Lourdes Rubio, Gustavo Torres, Ángel Bittini, Juan A Guzmán-de-Villoria, Francesc Pujadas, Mireia Torres, Laura Núñez, Joan Castell, Antonio Páez
BACKGROUND: Recently, modifications of Aβ1-42 levels in CSF and plasma associated with improvement in memory and language functions have been observed in patients with mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) treated with plasma exchange (PE) with albumin replacement. OBJECTIVE: To detect structural and functional brain changes in PE-treated AD patients as part of a Phase II clinical trial. METHODS: Patients received between 3 and 18 PE with albumin (Albutein® 5%, Grifols) or sham-PE (controls) for 21 weeks (divided in one intensive and two maintenance periods) followed by 6-month follow-up...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152209/case-control-study-hyperbaric-oxygen-treatment-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-persistent-post-concussion-syndrome-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Paul G Harch, Susan R Andrews, Edward F Fogarty, Juliette Lucarini, Keith W Van Meter
Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) persistent post-concussion syndrome (PPCS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are epidemic in United States Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans. Treatment of the combined diagnoses is limited. The aim of this study is to assess safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen treatments (HBOT) for mild TBI PPCS and PTSD. Thirty military subjects aged 18-65 with PPCS with or without PTSD and from one or more blast-induced mild-moderate traumatic brain injuries that were a minimum of 1 year old and occurred after 9/11/2001 were studied...
July 2017: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145285/degeneration-of-paramedian-nuclei-in-the-thalamus-induces-holmes-tremor-in-a-case-of-artery-of-percheron-infarction
#4
Tz-Shiang Wei, Chun-Sheng Hsu, Yu-Chun Lee, Shin-Tsu Chang
RATIONALE: Holmes' tremor is an uncommon neurologic disorder following brain insults, and its pathogenesis is undefined. The interruption of the dento-rubro-thalamic tract and secondary deterioration of the nigrostriatal pathway are both required to initiate Holmes' tremor. We used nuclear medicine imaging tools to analyze a patient with concurrent infarction in different zones of each side of the thalamus. Finding whether the paramedian nuclear groups of the thalamus were injured was a decisive element for developing Holmes' tremor...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122401/the-efficacy-of-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-in-a-girl-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis
#5
Mari Hatanaka, Shuichi Shimakawa, Akihisa Okumura, Jun Natsume, Miho Fukui, Shohei Nomura, Mitsuru Kashiwagi, Hiroshi Tamai
BACKGROUND: Immunomodulatory therapy has shown some therapeutic benefits in patients with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis. In this report, we describe the use of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) immunotherapy with good outcome in a patient with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A 4-year-old girl developed convulsions in her right arm and leg without impaired consciousness. These convulsions occurred frequently in clusters of 10-20 events of 10-20 s duration...
November 6, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116145/cingulate-island-sign-temporally-changes-in-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#6
Tomomichi Iizuka, Rui Iizuka, Masashi Kameyama
The cingulate island sign (CIS) that reflects sparing of the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) relative to the precuneus plus cuneus on FDG-PET and brain perfusion SPECT, has been proposed as a feature of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). As the CIS is influenced by concomitant Alzheimer's disease (AD)-type neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) pathology, we postulated that the CIS gradually disappears as DLB progresses. To determine temporal changes in the CIS, 24 patients with mild DLB and 7 with prodromal DLB underwent (123)I-IMP-SPECT and MMSE twice at an interval of two years...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093372/-development-of-spect-probes-for-in-vivo-imaging-of-%C3%AE-amyloid-and-tau-aggregates-in-the-alzheimer-s-disease-brain
#7
Hiroyuki Watanabe
 Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of irreversible dementia among elderly people. In the postmortem brains of AD patients, the deposition of senile plaques composed of β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides and neurofibrillary tangles composed of highly phosphorylated tau proteins are two neuropathological hallmarks. Therefore, the in vivo imaging of Aβ and tau aggregates with positron-emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) would promote drug development, early diagnosis, and monitoring of the disease status in AD patients...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082509/combining-olfactory-test-and-motion-analysis-sensors-in-parkinson-s-disease-preclinical-diagnosis-a-pilot-study
#8
C Maremmani, F Cavallo, C Purcaro, G Rossi, S Salvadori, E Rovini, D Esposito, A Pieroni, S Ramat, P Vanni, B Fattori, G Meco
OBJECTIVES: Preclinical diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is nowadays a topic of interest as the neuropathological process could begin years before the appearance of motor symptoms. Several symptoms, among them hyposmia, could precede motor features in PD. In the preclinical phase of PD, a subclinical reduction in motor skills is highly likely. In this pilot study, we investigate a step-by-step method to achieve preclinical PD diagnosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used the IOIT (Italian Olfactory Identification Test) to screen a population of healthy subjects...
October 29, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071431/lower-serotonin-transporter-binding-in-patients-with-cervical-dystonia-is-associated-with-psychiatric-symptoms
#9
E Zoons, J Booij, J D Speelman, Y E M Dreissen, M Smit, M A J Tijssen
BACKGROUND: Cervical dystonia (CD) is often accompanied by depressive symptoms, anxiety, and jerks/tremor. The dopamine transporter (DAT) binding is related with both depressive symptoms and jerks/tremor in CD. Serotonergic and dopaminergic systems are closely related. As serotonin is involved in the pathophysiology of psychiatric symptoms and jerks, we expected an altered serotoninergic system in CD. We hypothesized that CD is associated with reduced serotonin transporter (SERT) binding, more specific that SERT binding is lower in CD patients with psychiatric symptoms and/or jerks/tremor compared to those without, and to controls...
October 25, 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067326/targeting-butyrylcholinesterase-for-preclinical-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-spect-imaging-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Drew R DeBay, George A Reid, Ian R Pottie, Earl Martin, Chris V Bowen, Sultan Darvesh
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in vivo, by molecular imaging of amyloid or tau, is constrained because similar changes can be found in brains of cognitively normal individuals. Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), which becomes associated with these structures in AD, could elevate the accuracy of AD diagnosis by focusing on BChE pathology in the cerebral cortex, a region of scant BChE activity in healthy brain. METHODS: N-methylpiperidin-4-yl 4-[(123)I]iodobenzoate, a BChE radiotracer, was injected intravenously into B6SJL-Tg(APPSwFlLon, PSEN1∗M146 L∗L286 V) 6799Vas/Mmjax (5XFAD) mice and their wild-type (WT) counterparts for comparative single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies...
June 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057774/scatter-correction-of-septal-penetration-for-123-i-imp-cerebral-blood-flow-spect-adding-radioactivity-from-the-outside-of-field-of-view-comparison-between-simulation-based-and-multi-window-scatter-corrections
#11
Takashi Yamanaga, Yutaka Katayama, Shota Nakama, Akihiko Kakimi, Tomomasa Nagahata, Kenji Kishimoto, Takao Ichida, Shigeaki Higashiyama, Joji Kawabe, Susumu Shiomi
PURPOSE: The N-Isopropyl-p-[123I] Iodoamphetamine ((123)I-IMP) SPECT imaging reduces the image quality and quantitative accuracy due to scatter and septal penetration occurred by radioactive uptake from outside of the field of view such as the lungs. We evaluated the influence of scatter and septal penetration using phantom-simulated radioactivity from outside of the field of view, and subsequently compared the effect of scatter and septal penetration corrections between the simulation-based effective scatter source estimation (ESSE) method and the multi-window method (ellipse approximation method)...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057773/development-of-realistic-striatal-digital-brain-sdb-phantom-for-123-i-fp-cit-spect-and-effect-on-ventricle-in-the-brain-for-semi-quantitative-index-of-specific-binding-ratio
#12
Akihiro Furuta, Hideo Onishi, Kenta Nakamoto
PURPOSE: This study aimed at developing the realistic striatal digital brain (SDB) phantom and to assess specific binding ratio (SBR) for ventricular effect in the (123)I-FP-CIT SPECT imaging. METHODS: SDB phantom was constructed in to four segments (striatum, ventricle, brain parenchyma, and skull bone) using Percentile method and other image processing in the T2-weighted MR images. The reference image was converted into 128×128 matrixes to align MR images with SPECT images...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057056/2-4-aminophenyl-benzothiazole-labeled-with-99m-tc-cyclopentadienyl-for-imaging-%C3%AE-amyloid-plaques
#13
Christos Kiritsis, Barbara Mavroidi, Antonio Shegani, Lazaros Palamaris, George Loudos, Marina Sagnou, Ioannis Pirmettis, Minas Papadopoulos, Maria Pelecanou
The development of a (99m)Tc-radiotracer for imaging of β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is strongly anticipated to provide a low cost and broadly accessible diagnostic tool for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Within this framework, 2-(4'-aminophenyl)benzothiazole, known to display affinity and specificity for Aβ plaques, has been joined to the tricarbonyl fac-[M(CO)3](+) (M = Re(I), (99m)Tc(I)) core through the cyclopentadienyl moiety to yield stable, neutral, and lipophilic complexes (Re-1 and (99m)Tc-1, respectively)...
October 12, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053416/imaging-of-integrin-%C3%AE-v%C3%AE-3-expression-in-lung-cancers-and-brain-tumors-using-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-with-a-novel-radiotracer-99m-tc-ida-d-c-rgdfk-2
#14
Yoo Sung Song, Hyun Soo Park, Byung Chul Lee, Jae Ho Jung, Ho-Young Lee, Sang Eun Kim
Integrin αvβ3 is a molecular marker for the estimation of tumor angiogenesis and is an imaging target for radiolabeled Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptides. In this study, the authors investigated the clinical efficacy and safety of a novel radiolabeled RGD peptide, (99m)Tc-IDA-D-[c(RGDfK)]2, for the imaging of integrin αvβ3 expression, as a measure of tumor angiogenesis in lung cancers and brain tumors. Five patients with lung cancers and seven with brain tumors underwent (99m)Tc-IDA-D-[c(RGDfK)]2 single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging...
October 2017: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041878/-influence-of-sympathetic-denervation-of-the-renal-artery-on-the-level-of-arterial-blood-pressure-cerebral-blood-flow-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-resistant-arterial-hypertension
#15
Y N Efimova, A V Lichikaki, B Y Lishmanov
PURPOSE: To study the effect of radiofrequency ablation of renal arteries on regional cerebral blood flow and cognitive function in patients with resistant arterial hypertension (AH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Transcatheter renal denervation (TRD) was performed in 17 patients with resistant AH. Examination before and after TRD included SPECT with mTc-HMPAO, 24-hours blood pressure (BP) monitoring, and comprehensive neuropsychological testing. Fifteen patients without angiographic signs of carotid atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease and AH, neurological and psychiatric disorders were investigated as control group...
July 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024925/defining-functioning-levels-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-combination-of-a-novel-clustering-method-and-brain-spect-analysis
#16
Faget-Agius Catherine, Vincenti Aurélie, Guedj Eric, Michel Pierre, Richieri Raphaëlle, Alessandrini Marine, Auquier Pascal, Lançon Christophe, Boyer Laurent
This study aims to define functioning levels of patients with schizophrenia by using a method of interpretable clustering based on a specific functioning scale, the Functional Remission Of General Schizophrenia (FROGS) scale, and to test their validity regarding clinical and neuroimaging characterization. In this observational study, patients with schizophrenia have been classified using a hierarchical top-down method called clustering using unsupervised binary trees (CUBT). Socio-demographic, clinical, and neuroimaging SPECT perfusion data were compared between the different clusters to ensure their clinical relevance...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982786/preoperative-cerebral-oxygen-extraction-fraction-imaging-generated-from-7t-mr-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-predicts-development-of-cerebral-hyperperfusion-following-carotid-endarterectomy
#17
J-I Nomura, I Uwano, M Sasaki, K Kudo, F Yamashita, K Ito, S Fujiwara, M Kobayashi, K Ogasawara
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Preoperative hemodynamic impairment in the affected cerebral hemisphere is associated with the development of cerebral hyperperfusion following carotid endarterectomy. Cerebral oxygen extraction fraction images generated from 7T MR quantitative susceptibility mapping correlate with oxygen extraction fraction images on positron-emission tomography. The present study aimed to determine whether preoperative oxygen extraction fraction imaging generated from 7T MR quantitative susceptibility mapping could identify patients at risk for cerebral hyperperfusion following carotid endarterectomy...
October 5, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981977/reduced-cbf-recovery-detected-by-longitudinal-3d-ssp-spect-analyses-predicts-outcome-of-postoperative-patients-after-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#18
Tatsushi Mutoh, Tomoko Totsune, Shunsuke Takenaka, Yasuko Tatewaki, Manabu Nakagawa, Jose Ignacio Suarez, Yasuyuki Taki, Tatsuya Ishikawa
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of cerebral blood flow (CBF) recovery obtained from brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images on postoperative outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Twenty-nine patients who had undergone surgical clipping for ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms were analyzed prospectively. Routine measurements of CBF were performed using technetium-99m hexamethyl propyleneamine oxine SPECT on days 4 and 14 after SAH. Regional voxel data analyzed by three dimensional stereotactic surface projection (3D-SSP) were compared between patients and age-matched normal database (NDB)...
October 5, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980775/long-term-recovery-after-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-or-human-umbilical-cord-blood-cells-administration-in-a-rat-model-of-neonatal-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#19
Isabelle Grandvuillemin, Philippe Garrigue, Alaa Ramdani, Farid Boubred, Umberto Simeoni, Françoise Dignat-George, Florence Sabatier, Benjamin Guillet
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (NHIE) is a dramatic perinatal complication, associated with poor neurological prognosis despite neuroprotection by therapeutic hypothermia, in the absence of an available curative therapy. We evaluated and compared ready-to-use human umbilical cord blood cells (HUCBC) and bankable but allogeneic endothelial progenitors (ECFC) as cell therapy candidate for NHIE. We compared benefits of HUCBC and ECFC transplantation 48 hours after injury in male rat NHIE model, based on the Rice-Vannucci approach...
November 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977066/support-vector-machine-based-classification-of-neuroimages-in-alzheimer-s-disease-direct-comparison-of-fdg-pet-rcbf-spect-and-mri-data-acquired-from-the-same-individuals
#20
Luiz K Ferreira, Jane M Rondina, Rodrigo Kubo, Carla R Ono, Claudia C Leite, Jerusa Smid, Cassio Bottino, Ricardo Nitrini, Geraldo F Busatto, Fabio L Duran, Carlos A Buchpiguel
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first support vector machine (SVM)-based study comparing the diagnostic accuracy of T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T1-MRI), F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and regional cerebral blood flow single-photon emission computed tomography (rCBF-SPECT) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHOD: Brain T1-MRI, FDG-PET and rCBF-SPECT scans were acquired from a sample of mild AD patients (n=20) and healthy elderly controls (n=18)...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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