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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521117/neutron-spectral-fluence-measurements-using-a-bonner-sphere-spectrometer-in-the-development-of-the-ibnct-accelerator-based-neutron-source
#1
Akihiko Masuda, Tetsuro Matsumoto, Kenta Takada, Takahiro Onishi, Kohei Kotaki, Hidenori Sugimoto, Hiroaki Kumada, Hideki Harano, Takeji Sakae
The neutron spectral fluence of an accelerator-based neutron source facility for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) based on a proton linac and a beryllium target was evaluated by the unfolding method using a Bonner sphere spectrometer (BSS). A (3)He-proportional-counter-based BSS was used with weak beam during the development of the facility. The measured epithermal neutron spectra were consistent with calculations. The epithermal neutron intensity at the beam port was estimated and the results gave a numerical target for the enhancement of the proton beam intensity and will be used as reference data for measurements performed after the completion of the facility...
May 10, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521059/pediatric-clival-chordoma-a-curable-disease-that-conforms-to-collins-law
#2
Marcio S Rassi, M Maher Hulou, Kaith Almefty, Wenya Linda Bi, Svetlana Pravdenkova, Ian F Dunn, Timothy R Smith, Ossama Al-Mefty
BACKGROUND: Skull base chordomas in children are extremely rare. Their course, management, and outcome have not been defined. OBJECTIVE: To describe the preeminent clinical and radiological features in a series of pediatric patients with skull base chordomas and analyze the outcome of a cohort who underwent uniform treatment. We emphasize predictors of overall survival and progression-free survival, which aligns with Collins' law for embryonal tumors. METHODS: Thirty-one patients with a mean age of 10...
May 17, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515666/performance-of-algorithms-that-reconstruct-missing-transverse-momentum-in-formula-see-text-8-tev-proton-proton-collisions-in-the-atlas-detector
#3
G Aad, B Abbott, J Abdallah, O Abdinov, B Abeloos, R Aben, M Abolins, O S AbouZeid, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, R Abreu, Y Abulaiti, B S Acharya, L Adamczyk, D L Adams, J Adelman, S Adomeit, T Adye, A A Affolder, T Agatonovic-Jovin, J Agricola, J A Aguilar-Saavedra, S P Ahlen, F Ahmadov, G Aielli, H Akerstedt, T P A Åkesson, A V Akimov, G L Alberghi, J Albert, S Albrand, M J Alconada Verzini, M Aleksa, I N Aleksandrov, C Alexa, G Alexander, T Alexopoulos, M Alhroob, G Alimonti, L Alio, J Alison, S P Alkire, B M M Allbrooke, B W Allen, P P Allport, A Aloisio, A Alonso, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, B Alvarez Gonzalez, D Álvarez Piqueras, M G Alviggi, B T Amadio, K Amako, Y Amaral Coutinho, C Amelung, D Amidei, S P Amor Dos Santos, A Amorim, S Amoroso, N Amram, G Amundsen, C Anastopoulos, L S Ancu, N Andari, T Andeen, C F Anders, G Anders, J K Anders, K J Anderson, A Andreazza, V Andrei, S Angelidakis, I Angelozzi, P Anger, A Angerami, F Anghinolfi, A V Anisenkov, N Anjos, A Annovi, M Antonelli, A Antonov, J Antos, F Anulli, M Aoki, L Aperio Bella, G Arabidze, Y Arai, J P Araque, A T H Arce, F A Arduh, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, M Arik, A J Armbruster, O Arnaez, H Arnold, M Arratia, O Arslan, A Artamonov, G Artoni, S Artz, S Asai, N Asbah, A Ashkenazi, B Åsman, L Asquith, K Assamagan, R Astalos, M Atkinson, N B Atlay, K Augsten, G Avolio, B Axen, M K Ayoub, G Azuelos, M A Baak, A E Baas, M J Baca, H Bachacou, K Bachas, M Backes, M Backhaus, P Bagiacchi, P Bagnaia, Y Bai, J T Baines, O K Baker, E M Baldin, P Balek, T Balestri, F Balli, W K Balunas, E Banas, Sw Banerjee, A A E Bannoura, L Barak, E L Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, T Barillari, T Barklow, N Barlow, S L Barnes, B M Barnett, R M Barnett, Z Barnovska, A Baroncelli, G Barone, A J Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, R Bartoldus, A E Barton, P Bartos, A Basalaev, A Bassalat, A Basye, R L Bates, S J Batista, J R Batley, M Battaglia, M Bauce, F Bauer, H S Bawa, J B Beacham, M D Beattie, T Beau, P H Beauchemin, R Beccherle, P Bechtle, H P Beck, K Becker, M Becker, M Beckingham, C Becot, A J Beddall, A Beddall, V A Bednyakov, M Bedognetti, C P Bee, L J Beemster, T A Beermann, M Begel, J K Behr, C Belanger-Champagne, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, M Bellomo, K Belotskiy, O Beltramello, O Benary, D Benchekroun, M Bender, K Bendtz, N Benekos, Y Benhammou, E Benhar Noccioli, J A Benitez Garcia, D P Benjamin, J R Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, D Berge, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, F Berghaus, J Beringer, C Bernard, N R Bernard, C Bernius, F U Bernlochner, T Berry, P Berta, C Bertella, G Bertoli, F Bertolucci, C Bertsche, D Bertsche, G J Besjes, O Bessidskaia Bylund, M Bessner, N Besson, C Betancourt, S Bethke, A J Bevan, W Bhimji, R M Bianchi, L Bianchini, M Bianco, O Biebel, D Biedermann, N V Biesuz, M Biglietti, J Bilbao De Mendizabal, H Bilokon, M Bindi, S Binet, A Bingul, C Bini, S Biondi, D M Bjergaard, C W Black, J E Black, K M Black, D Blackburn, R E Blair, J-B Blanchard, J E Blanco, T Blazek, I Bloch, C Blocker, W Blum, U Blumenschein, S Blunier, G J Bobbink, V S Bobrovnikov, S S Bocchetta, A Bocci, C Bock, M Boehler, D Boerner, J A Bogaerts, D Bogavac, A G Bogdanchikov, C Bohm, V Boisvert, T Bold, V Boldea, A S Boldyrev, M Bomben, M Bona, M Boonekamp, A Borisov, G Borissov, J Bortfeldt, V Bortolotto, K Bos, D Boscherini, M Bosman, J Boudreau, J Bouffard, E V Bouhova-Thacker, D Boumediene, C Bourdarios, N Bousson, S K Boutle, A Boveia, J Boyd, I R Boyko, J Bracinik, A Brandt, G Brandt, O Brandt, U Bratzler, B Brau, J E Brau, H M Braun, W D Breaden Madden, K Brendlinger, A J Brennan, L Brenner, R Brenner, S Bressler, T M Bristow, D Britton, D Britzger, F M Brochu, I Brock, R Brock, G Brooijmans, T Brooks, W K Brooks, J Brosamer, E Brost, P A Bruckman de Renstrom, D Bruncko, R Bruneliere, A Bruni, G Bruni, B H Brunt, M Bruschi, N Bruscino, P Bryant, L Bryngemark, T Buanes, Q Buat, P Buchholz, A G Buckley, I A Budagov, F Buehrer, L Bugge, M K Bugge, O Bulekov, D Bullock, H Burckhart, S Burdin, C D Burgard, B Burghgrave, S Burke, I Burmeister, E Busato, D Büscher, V Büscher, P Bussey, J M Butler, A I Butt, C M Buttar, J M Butterworth, P Butti, W Buttinger, A Buzatu, A R Buzykaev, S Cabrera Urbán, D Caforio, V M Cairo, O Cakir, N Calace, P Calafiura, A Calandri, G Calderini, P Calfayan, L P Caloba, D Calvet, S Calvet, T P Calvet, R Camacho Toro, S Camarda, P Camarri, D Cameron, R Caminal Armadans, C Camincher, S Campana, M Campanelli, A Campoverde, V Canale, A Canepa, M Cano Bret, J Cantero, R Cantrill, T Cao, M D M Capeans Garrido, I Caprini, M Caprini, M Capua, R Caputo, R M Carbone, R Cardarelli, F Cardillo, I Carli, T Carli, G Carlino, L Carminati, S Caron, E Carquin, G D Carrillo-Montoya, J R Carter, J Carvalho, D Casadei, M P Casado, M Casolino, D W Casper, E Castaneda-Miranda, A Castelli, V Castillo Gimenez, N F Castro, A Catinaccio, J R Catmore, A Cattai, J Caudron, V Cavaliere, D Cavalli, M Cavalli-Sforza, V Cavasinni, F Ceradini, L Cerda Alberich, B C Cerio, A S Cerqueira, A Cerri, L Cerrito, F Cerutti, M Cerv, A Cervelli, S A Cetin, A Chafaq, D Chakraborty, Y L Chan, P Chang, J D Chapman, D G Charlton, C C Chau, C A Chavez Barajas, S Che, S Cheatham, A Chegwidden, S Chekanov, S V Chekulaev, G A Chelkov, M A Chelstowska, C Chen, H Chen, K Chen, S Chen, S Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H C Cheng, Y Cheng, A Cheplakov, E Cheremushkina, R Cherkaoui El Moursli, V Chernyatin, E Cheu, L Chevalier, V Chiarella, G Chiarelli, G Chiodini, A S Chisholm, R T Chislett, A Chitan, M V Chizhov, K Choi, S Chouridou, B K B Chow, V Christodoulou, D Chromek-Burckhart, J Chudoba, A J Chuinard, J J Chwastowski, L Chytka, G Ciapetti, A K Ciftci, D Cinca, V Cindro, I A Cioara, A Ciocio, F Cirotto, Z H Citron, M Ciubancan, A Clark, B L Clark, P J Clark, R N Clarke, C Clement, Y Coadou, M Cobal, A Coccaro, J Cochran, L Coffey, L Colasurdo, B Cole, S Cole, A P Colijn, J Collot, T Colombo, G Compostella, P Conde Muiño, E Coniavitis, S H Connell, I A Connelly, V Consorti, S Constantinescu, C Conta, G Conti, F Conventi, M Cooke, B D Cooper, A M Cooper-Sarkar, T Cornelissen, M Corradi, F Corriveau, A Corso-Radu, A Cortes-Gonzalez, G Cortiana, G Costa, M J Costa, D Costanzo, G Cottin, G Cowan, B E Cox, K Cranmer, S J Crawley, G Cree, S Crépé-Renaudin, F Crescioli, W A Cribbs, M Crispin Ortuzar, M Cristinziani, V Croft, G Crosetti, T Cuhadar Donszelmann, J Cummings, M Curatolo, J Cúth, C Cuthbert, H Czirr, P Czodrowski, S D'Auria, M D'Onofrio, M J Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa, C Da Via, W Dabrowski, A Dafinca, T Dai, O Dale, F Dallaire, C Dallapiccola, M Dam, J R Dandoy, N P Dang, A C Daniells, M Danninger, M Dano Hoffmann, V Dao, G Darbo, S Darmora, J Dassoulas, A Dattagupta, W Davey, C David, T Davidek, E Davies, M Davies, P Davison, Y Davygora, E Dawe, I Dawson, R K Daya-Ishmukhametova, K De, R de Asmundis, A De Benedetti, S De Castro, S De Cecco, N De Groot, P de Jong, H De la Torre, F De Lorenzi, D De Pedis, A De Salvo, U De Sanctis, A De Santo, J B De Vivie De Regie, W J Dearnaley, R Debbe, C Debenedetti, D V Dedovich, I Deigaard, J Del Peso, T Del Prete, D Delgove, F Deliot, C M Delitzsch, M Deliyergiyev, A Dell'Acqua, L Dell'Asta, M Dell'Orso, M Della Pietra, D Della Volpe, M Delmastro, P A Delsart, C Deluca, D A DeMarco, S Demers, M Demichev, A Demilly, S P Denisov, D Denysiuk, D Derendarz, J E Derkaoui, F Derue, P Dervan, K Desch, C Deterre, K Dette, P O Deviveiros, A Dewhurst, S Dhaliwal, A Di Ciaccio, L Di Ciaccio, C Di Donato, A Di Girolamo, B Di Girolamo, B Di Micco, R Di Nardo, A Di Simone, R Di Sipio, D Di Valentino, C Diaconu, M Diamond, F A Dias, M A Diaz, E B Diehl, J Dietrich, S Diglio, A Dimitrievska, J Dingfelder, P Dita, S Dita, F Dittus, F Djama, T Djobava, J I Djuvsland, M A B do Vale, D Dobos, M Dobre, C Doglioni, T Dohmae, J Dolejsi, Z Dolezal, B A Dolgoshein, M Donadelli, S Donati, P Dondero, J Donini, J Dopke, A Doria, M T Dova, A T Doyle, E Drechsler, M Dris, Y Du, J Duarte-Campderros, E Dubreuil, E Duchovni, G Duckeck, O A Ducu, D Duda, A Dudarev, L Duflot, L Duguid, M Dührssen, M Dunford, H Duran Yildiz, M Düren, A Durglishvili, D Duschinger, B Dutta, M Dyndal, C Eckardt, K M Ecker, R C Edgar, W Edson, N C Edwards, T Eifert, G Eigen, K Einsweiler, T Ekelof, M El Kacimi, V Ellajosyula, M Ellert, S Elles, F Ellinghaus, A A Elliot, N Ellis, J Elmsheuser, M Elsing, D Emeliyanov, Y Enari, O C Endner, M Endo, J S Ennis, J Erdmann, A Ereditato, G Ernis, J Ernst, M Ernst, S Errede, E Ertel, M Escalier, H Esch, C Escobar, B Esposito, A I Etienvre, E Etzion, H Evans, A Ezhilov, L Fabbri, G Facini, R M Fakhrutdinov, S Falciano, R J Falla, J Faltova, Y Fang, M Fanti, A Farbin, A Farilla, C Farina, T Farooque, S Farrell, S M Farrington, P Farthouat, F Fassi, P Fassnacht, D Fassouliotis, M Faucci Giannelli, A Favareto, L Fayard, O L Fedin, W Fedorko, S Feigl, L Feligioni, C Feng, E J Feng, H Feng, A B Fenyuk, L Feremenga, P Fernandez Martinez, S Fernandez Perez, J Ferrando, A Ferrari, P Ferrari, R Ferrari, D E Ferreira de Lima, A Ferrer, D Ferrere, C Ferretti, A Ferretto Parodi, F Fiedler, A Filipčič, M Filipuzzi, F Filthaut, M Fincke-Keeler, K D Finelli, M C N Fiolhais, L Fiorini, A Firan, A Fischer, C Fischer, J Fischer, W C Fisher, N Flaschel, I Fleck, P Fleischmann, G T Fletcher, G Fletcher, R R M Fletcher, T Flick, A Floderus, L R Flores Castillo, M J Flowerdew, G T Forcolin, A Formica, A Forti, D Fournier, H Fox, S Fracchia, P Francavilla, M Franchini, D Francis, L Franconi, M Franklin, M Frate, M Fraternali, D Freeborn, S M Fressard-Batraneanu, F Friedrich, D Froidevaux, J A Frost, C Fukunaga, E Fullana Torregrosa, T Fusayasu, J Fuster, C Gabaldon, O Gabizon, A Gabrielli, A Gabrielli, G P Gach, S Gadatsch, S Gadomski, G Gagliardi, P Gagnon, C Galea, B Galhardo, E J Gallas, B J Gallop, P Gallus, G Galster, K K Gan, J Gao, Y Gao, Y S Gao, F M Garay Walls, C García, J E García Navarro, M Garcia-Sciveres, R W Gardner, N Garelli, V Garonne, C Gatti, A Gaudiello, G Gaudio, B Gaur, L Gauthier, I L Gavrilenko, C Gay, G Gaycken, E N Gazis, Z Gecse, C N P Gee, Ch Geich-Gimbel, M P Geisler, C Gemme, M H Genest, C Geng, S Gentile, S George, D Gerbaudo, A Gershon, S Ghasemi, H Ghazlane, B Giacobbe, S Giagu, P Giannetti, B Gibbard, S M Gibson, M Gignac, M Gilchriese, T P S Gillam, D Gillberg, G Gilles, D M Gingrich, N Giokaris, M P Giordani, F M Giorgi, F M Giorgi, P F Giraud, P Giromini, D Giugni, C Giuliani, M Giulini, B K Gjelsten, S Gkaitatzis, I Gkialas, E L Gkougkousis, L K Gladilin, C Glasman, J Glatzer, P C F Glaysher, A Glazov, M Goblirsch-Kolb, J R Goddard, J Godlewski, S Goldfarb, T Golling, D Golubkov, A Gomes, R Gonçalo, J Goncalves Pinto Firmino Da Costa, L Gonella, S González de la Hoz, G Gonzalez Parra, S Gonzalez-Sevilla, L Goossens, P A Gorbounov, H A Gordon, I Gorelov, B Gorini, E Gorini, A Gorišek, E Gornicki, A T Goshaw, C Gössling, M I Gostkin, C R Goudet, D Goujdami, A G Goussiou, N Govender, E Gozani, L Graber, I Grabowska-Bold, P O J Gradin, P Grafström, J Gramling, E Gramstad, S Grancagnolo, V Gratchev, H M Gray, E Graziani, Z D Greenwood, C Grefe, K Gregersen, I M Gregor, P Grenier, K Grevtsov, J Griffiths, A A Grillo, K Grimm, S Grinstein, Ph Gris, J-F Grivaz, S Groh, J P Grohs, E Gross, J Grosse-Knetter, G C Grossi, Z J Grout, L Guan, J Guenther, F Guescini, D Guest, O Gueta, E Guido, T Guillemin, S Guindon, U Gul, C Gumpert, J Guo, Y Guo, S Gupta, G Gustavino, P Gutierrez, N G Gutierrez Ortiz, C Gutschow, C Guyot, C Gwenlan, C B Gwilliam, A Haas, C Haber, H K Hadavand, N Haddad, A Hadef, P Haefner, S Hageböck, Z Hajduk, H Hakobyan, M Haleem, J Haley, D Hall, G Halladjian, G D Hallewell, K Hamacher, P Hamal, K Hamano, A Hamilton, G N Hamity, P G Hamnett, L Han, K Hanagaki, K Hanawa, M Hance, B Haney, P Hanke, R Hanna, J B Hansen, J D Hansen, M C Hansen, P H Hansen, K Hara, A S Hard, T Harenberg, F Hariri, S Harkusha, R D Harrington, P F Harrison, F Hartjes, M Hasegawa, Y Hasegawa, A Hasib, S Hassani, S Haug, R Hauser, L Hauswald, M Havranek, C M Hawkes, R J Hawkings, A D Hawkins, T Hayashi, D Hayden, C P Hays, J M Hays, H S Hayward, S J Haywood, S J Head, T Heck, V Hedberg, L Heelan, S Heim, T Heim, B Heinemann, L Heinrich, J Hejbal, L Helary, S Hellman, C Helsens, J Henderson, R C W Henderson, Y Heng, S Henkelmann, A M Henriques Correia, S Henrot-Versille, G H Herbert, Y Hernández Jiménez, G Herten, R Hertenberger, L Hervas, G G Hesketh, N P Hessey, J W Hetherly, R Hickling, E Higón-Rodriguez, E Hill, J C Hill, K H Hiller, S J Hillier, I Hinchliffe, E Hines, R R Hinman, M Hirose, D Hirschbuehl, J Hobbs, N Hod, M C Hodgkinson, P Hodgson, A Hoecker, M R Hoeferkamp, F Hoenig, M Hohlfeld, D Hohn, T R Holmes, M Homann, T M Hong, B H Hooberman, W H Hopkins, Y Horii, A J Horton, J-Y Hostachy, S Hou, A Hoummada, J Howard, J Howarth, M Hrabovsky, I Hristova, J Hrivnac, T Hryn'ova, A Hrynevich, C Hsu, P J Hsu, S-C Hsu, D Hu, Q Hu, Y Huang, Z Hubacek, F Hubaut, F Huegging, T B Huffman, E W Hughes, G Hughes, M Huhtinen, T A Hülsing, N Huseynov, J Huston, J Huth, G Iacobucci, G Iakovidis, I Ibragimov, L Iconomidou-Fayard, E Ideal, Z Idrissi, P Iengo, O Igonkina, T Iizawa, Y Ikegami, M Ikeno, Y Ilchenko, D Iliadis, N Ilic, T Ince, G Introzzi, P Ioannou, M Iodice, K Iordanidou, V Ippolito, A Irles Quiles, C Isaksson, M Ishino, M Ishitsuka, R Ishmukhametov, C Issever, S Istin, J M Iturbe Ponce, R Iuppa, J Ivarsson, W Iwanski, H Iwasaki, J M Izen, V Izzo, S Jabbar, B Jackson, M Jackson, P Jackson, V Jain, K B Jakobi, K Jakobs, S Jakobsen, T Jakoubek, D O Jamin, D K Jana, E Jansen, R Jansky, J Janssen, M Janus, G Jarlskog, N Javadov, T Javůrek, F Jeanneau, L Jeanty, J Jejelava, G-Y Jeng, D Jennens, P Jenni, J Jentzsch, C Jeske, S Jézéquel, H Ji, J Jia, H Jiang, Y Jiang, S Jiggins, J Jimenez Pena, S Jin, A Jinaru, O Jinnouchi, P Johansson, K A Johns, W J Johnson, K Jon-And, G Jones, R W L Jones, S Jones, T J Jones, J Jongmanns, P M Jorge, J Jovicevic, X Ju, A Juste Rozas, M K Köhler, M Kaci, A Kaczmarska, M Kado, H Kagan, M Kagan, S J Kahn, E Kajomovitz, C W Kalderon, A Kaluza, S Kama, A Kamenshchikov, N Kanaya, S Kaneti, V A Kantserov, J Kanzaki, B Kaplan, L S Kaplan, A Kapliy, D Kar, K Karakostas, A Karamaoun, N Karastathis, M J Kareem, E Karentzos, M Karnevskiy, S N Karpov, Z M Karpova, K Karthik, V Kartvelishvili, A N Karyukhin, K Kasahara, L Kashif, R D Kass, A Kastanas, Y Kataoka, C Kato, A Katre, J Katzy, K Kawagoe, T Kawamoto, G Kawamura, S Kazama, V F Kazanin, R Keeler, R Kehoe, J S Keller, J J Kempster, K Kentaro, H Keoshkerian, O Kepka, B P Kerševan, S Kersten, R A Keyes, F Khalil-Zada, H Khandanyan, A Khanov, A G Kharlamov, T J Khoo, V Khovanskiy, E Khramov, J Khubua, S Kido, H Y Kim, S H Kim, Y K Kim, N Kimura, O M Kind, B T King, M King, S B King, J Kirk, A E Kiryunin, T Kishimoto, D Kisielewska, F Kiss, K Kiuchi, O Kivernyk, E Kladiva, M H Klein, M Klein, U Klein, K Kleinknecht, P Klimek, A Klimentov, R Klingenberg, J A Klinger, T Klioutchnikova, E-E Kluge, P Kluit, S Kluth, J Knapik, E Kneringer, E B F G Knoops, A Knue, A Kobayashi, D Kobayashi, T Kobayashi, M Kobel, M Kocian, P Kodys, T Koffas, E Koffeman, L A Kogan, S Kohlmann, T Koi, H Kolanoski, M Kolb, I Koletsou, A A Komar, Y Komori, T Kondo, N Kondrashova, K Köneke, A C König, T Kono, R Konoplich, N Konstantinidis, R Kopeliansky, S Koperny, L Köpke, A K Kopp, K Korcyl, K Kordas, A Korn, A A Korol, I Korolkov, E V Korolkova, O Kortner, S Kortner, T Kosek, V V Kostyukhin, V M Kotov, A Kotwal, A Kourkoumeli-Charalampidi, C Kourkoumelis, V Kouskoura, A Koutsman, R Kowalewski, T Z Kowalski, W Kozanecki, A S Kozhin, V A Kramarenko, G Kramberger, D Krasnopevtsev, M W Krasny, A Krasznahorkay, J K Kraus, A Kravchenko, M Kretz, J Kretzschmar, K Kreutzfeldt, P Krieger, K Krizka, K Kroeninger, H Kroha, J Kroll, J Kroseberg, J Krstic, U Kruchonak, H Krüger, N Krumnack, A Kruse, M C Kruse, M Kruskal, T Kubota, H Kucuk, S Kuday, J T Kuechler, S Kuehn, A Kugel, F Kuger, A Kuhl, T Kuhl, V Kukhtin, R Kukla, Y Kulchitsky, S Kuleshov, M Kuna, T Kunigo, A Kupco, H Kurashige, Y A Kurochkin, V Kus, E S Kuwertz, M Kuze, J Kvita, T Kwan, D Kyriazopoulos, A La Rosa, J L La Rosa Navarro, L La Rotonda, C Lacasta, F Lacava, J Lacey, H Lacker, D Lacour, V R Lacuesta, E Ladygin, R Lafaye, B Laforge, T Lagouri, S Lai, L Lambourne, S Lammers, C L Lampen, W Lampl, E Lançon, U Landgraf, M P J Landon, V S Lang, J C Lange, A J Lankford, F Lanni, K Lantzsch, A Lanza, S Laplace, C Lapoire, J F Laporte, T Lari, F Lasagni Manghi, M Lassnig, P Laurelli, W Lavrijsen, A T Law, P Laycock, T Lazovich, O Le Dortz, E Le Guirriec, E Le Menedeu, M LeBlanc, T LeCompte, F Ledroit-Guillon, C A Lee, S C Lee, L Lee, G Lefebvre, M Lefebvre, F Legger, C Leggett, A Lehan, G Lehmann Miotto, X Lei, W A Leight, A Leisos, A G Leister, M A L Leite, R Leitner, D Lellouch, B Lemmer, K J C Leney, T Lenz, B Lenzi, R Leone, S Leone, C 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Willis, S Willocq, J A Wilson, I Wingerter-Seez, F Winklmeier, B T Winter, M Wittgen, J Wittkowski, S J Wollstadt, M W Wolter, H Wolters, B K Wosiek, J Wotschack, M J Woudstra, K W Wozniak, M Wu, M Wu, S L Wu, X Wu, Y Wu, T R Wyatt, B M Wynne, S Xella, D Xu, L Xu, B Yabsley, S Yacoob, R Yakabe, D Yamaguchi, Y Yamaguchi, A Yamamoto, S Yamamoto, T Yamanaka, K Yamauchi, Y Yamazaki, Z Yan, H Yang, H Yang, Y Yang, Z Yang, W-M Yao, Y C Yap, Y Yasu, E Yatsenko, K H Yau Wong, J Ye, S Ye, I Yeletskikh, A L Yen, E Yildirim, K Yorita, R Yoshida, K Yoshihara, C Young, C J S Young, S Youssef, D R Yu, J Yu, J M Yu, J Yu, L Yuan, S P Y Yuen, I Yusuff, B Zabinski, R Zaidan, A M Zaitsev, N Zakharchuk, J Zalieckas, A Zaman, S Zambito, L Zanello, D Zanzi, C Zeitnitz, M Zeman, A Zemla, J C Zeng, Q Zeng, K Zengel, O Zenin, T Ženiš, D Zerwas, D Zhang, F Zhang, G Zhang, H Zhang, J Zhang, L Zhang, R Zhang, R Zhang, X Zhang, Z Zhang, X Zhao, Y Zhao, Z Zhao, A Zhemchugov, J Zhong, B Zhou, C Zhou, L Zhou, L Zhou, M Zhou, N Zhou, C G Zhu, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, X Zhuang, K Zhukov, A Zibell, D Zieminska, N I Zimine, C Zimmermann, S Zimmermann, Z Zinonos, M Zinser, M Ziolkowski, L Živković, G Zobernig, A Zoccoli, M Zur Nedden, G Zurzolo, L Zwalinski
The reconstruction and calibration algorithms used to calculate missing transverse momentum ([Formula: see text] ) with the ATLAS detector exploit energy deposits in the calorimeter and tracks reconstructed in the inner detector as well as the muon spectrometer. Various strategies are used to suppress effects arising from additional proton-proton interactions, called pileup, concurrent with the hard-scatter processes. Tracking information is used to distinguish contributions from the pileup interactions using their vertex separation along the beam axis...
2017: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507692/high-level-ab-initio-potential-energy-surface-and-dynamics-of-the-f-ch3i-sn2-and-proton-transfer-reactions
#4
Balázs Olasz, István Szabó, Gábor Czakó
Bimolecular nucleophilic substitution (SN2) and proton transfer are fundamental processes in chemistry and F(-) + CH3I is an important prototype of these reactions. Here we develop the first full-dimensional ab initio analytical potential energy surface (PES) for the F(-) + CH3I system using a permutationally invariant fit of high-level composite energies obtained with the combination of the explicitly-correlated CCSD(T)-F12b method, the aug-cc-pVTZ basis, core electron correlation effects, and a relativistic effective core potential for iodine...
April 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506520/the-evolving-role-of-proton-beam-therapy-for-sarcomas
#5
S Frisch, B Timmermann
As an alternative to conventional photon-based radiotherapy, radiation with protons is recognised to offer considerable advantages. Today, central nervous system tumours, various sarcomatous tumours, childhood cancer and head and neck tumours are commonly treated with proton therapy. This review evaluates current data from clinical and dosimetric trials on the treatment of selected sarcomatous tumours like rhabdomyosarcoma, osteosarcoma, chordoma, chondrosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma. Special considerations for paediatric tumours and future prospects of proton therapy are outlined...
May 12, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505758/machine-learning-applied-to-proton-radiography-of-high-energy-density-plasmas
#6
Nicholas F Y Chen, Muhammad Firmansyah Kasim, Luke Ceurvorst, Naren Ratan, James Sadler, Matthew C Levy, Raoul Trines, Robert Bingham, Peter Norreys
Proton radiography is a technique extensively used to resolve magnetic field structures in high-energy-density plasmas, revealing a whole variety of interesting phenomena such as magnetic reconnection and collisionless shocks found in astrophysical systems. Existing methods of analyzing proton radiographs give mostly qualitative results or specific quantitative parameters, such as magnetic field strength, and recent work showed that the line-integrated transverse magnetic field can be reconstructed in specific regimes where many simplifying assumptions were needed...
April 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504642/ion-recombination-correction-factor-in-scanned-light-ion-beams-for-absolute-dose-measurement-using-plane-parallel-ionisation-chambers
#7
Severine Rossomme, Julian Horn, Stephan Brons, Oliver Jaekel, Andrea Mairani, Mario Ciocca, Vincent Floquet, Francesco Romano, Diana Rodriguez Garcia, Stefaan Vynckier, Hugo Palmans
Based on international reference dosimetry protocols for light-ion beams, a correction factor (<i>k<sub>s</sub></i>) has to be applied to the response of a plane-parallel ionisation chamber, to account for recombination of negative and positive charges in its air cavity before these charges can be collected on the electrodes. In this work, <i>k<sub>s</sub></i> for IBA PPC40 Roos-type chambers is investigated in four scanned light-ion beams (proton, helium, carbon and oxygen)...
May 15, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503890/co-morbidity-and-quality-of-life-in-childhood-cancer-survivors-treated-with-proton-beam-therapy
#8
Hiroko Fukushima, Takashi Fukushima, Ryoko Suzuki, Atsushi Iwabuchi, Kyoko Hidaka, Kouji Masumoto, Ai Muroi, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Masashi Mizumoto, Hideyuki Sakurai, Ryo Sumazaki
INTRODUCTION: The ratio of childhood cancer survival achieves over 80% recently. Various adverse events among childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) has been reported. Proton beams are able to avoid unnecessary irradiation to normal/vital organs. We conducted a quality of life (QOL) study for CCSs who were treated with proton beam therapy (PBT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included those treated with PBT to the brain, head, or neck ≤15 years old at the University of Tsukuba Hospital from 1983 to 2011...
May 14, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499816/tumor-ablation-using-low-intensity-ultrasound-and-sound-excitable-drug
#9
Ching-Hsuan Tung, Myung Shin Han, Young Kim, Jianjun Qi, Brian E O'Neill
The cell membrane is a semi-fluid container that defines the boundary of cells, and provides an enclosed environment for vital biological processes. A sound excitable drug (SED) that is non-cytotoxic to cells is developed to disrupt the plasma membrane under gentle ultrasound insonation, 1MHz, 1W/cm(2). The frequency and power density of insonation are within the physical therapy and medical imaging windows; thus the applied ultrasound is safe and not harmful to tissues. The insertion of SEDs into the plasma membrane is not toxic to cells; however, the intruding SEDs weaken the membrane's integrity...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498679/observation-of-the-isovector-giant-monopole-resonance-via-the-28-si-10-be-10-b-1-74%C3%A2-%C3%A2-mev-reaction-at-100%C3%A2-%C3%A2-amev
#10
M Scott, R G T Zegers, R Almus, Sam M Austin, D Bazin, B A Brown, C Campbell, A Gade, M Bowry, S Galès, U Garg, M N Harakeh, E Kwan, C Langer, C Loelius, S Lipschutz, E Litvinova, E Lunderberg, C Morse, S Noji, G Perdikakis, T Redpath, C Robin, H Sakai, Y Sasamoto, M Sasano, C Sullivan, J A Tostevin, T Uesaka, D Weisshaar
The (^{10}Be,^{10}B^{*}[1.74  MeV]) charge-exchange reaction at 100  AMeV is presented as a new probe for isolating the isovector (ΔT=1) nonspin-transfer (ΔS=0) response of nuclei, with ^{28}Si being the first nucleus studied. By using a secondary ^{10}Be beam produced by fast fragmentation of ^{18}O nuclei at the NSCL Coupled Cyclotron Facility, applying the dispersion-matching technique with the S800 magnetic spectrometer to determine the excitation energy in ^{28}Al, and performing high-resolution γ-ray tracking with the Gamma-Ray Energy Tracking In-beam Nuclear Array (GRETINA) to identify the 1022-keV γ ray associated with the decay from the 1...
April 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493847/cost-utility-of-stereotactic-radiation-therapy-versus-proton-beam-therapy-for-inoperable-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Henry W C Leung, Agnes L F Chan
The cost-utility of proton beam therapy was compared to stereotactic body radiation therapy for inoperable advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. A Markov decision-analytic model was performed following time to progression and survival using phase II trial data. Patients transitioned between three health states. Clinical outcomes were estimated for quality of life using utility estimates in the published literature and measured as incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) and net monetary benefits (NMBs). Real direct medical costs were extracted from the Bureau of National Health Insurance database...
April 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472925/registration-error-of-the-liver-ct-using-deformable-image-registration-of-mim-maestro-and-velocity-ai
#12
Nobuyoshi Fukumitsu, Kazunori Nitta, Toshiyuki Terunuma, Toshiyuki Okumura, Haruko Numajiri, Yoshiko Oshiro, Kayoko Ohnishi, Masashi Mizumoto, Teruhito Aihara, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Koji Tsuboi, Hideyuki Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Understanding the irradiated area and dose correctly is important for the reirradiation of organs that deform after irradiation, such as the liver. We investigated the spatial registration error using the deformable image registration (DIR) software products MIM Maestro (MIM) and Velocity AI (Velocity). METHODS: Image registration of pretreatment computed tomography (CT) and posttreatment CT was performed in 24 patients with liver tumors. All the patients received proton beam therapy, and the follow-up period was 4-14 (median: 10) months...
May 4, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472381/a-simulation-study-on-the-dosimetric-benefit-of-real-time-motion-compensation-in-spot-scanning-proton-therapy-for-prostate
#13
Yusuke Fujii, Taeko Matsuura, Seishin Takao, Yuka Matsuzaki, Takaaki Fujii, Naoki Miyamoto, Kikuo Umegaki, Kentaro Nishioka, Shinichi Shimizu, Hiroki Shirato
For proton spot scanning, use of a real-time-image gating technique incorporating an implanted marker and dual fluoroscopy facilitates mitigation of the dose distribution deterioration caused by interplay effects. This study explored the advantages of using a real-time-image gating technique, with a focus on prostate cancer. Two patient-positioning methods using fiducial markers were compared: (i) patient positioning only before beam delivery, and (ii) patient positioning both before and during beam delivery using a real-time-gating technique...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464744/impact-of-beam-angle-choice-on-pencil-beam-scanning-breath-hold-proton-therapy-for-lung-lesions
#14
Jenny Gorgisyan, Rosalind Perrin, Antony J Lomax, Gitte F Persson, Mirjana Josipovic, Svend Aage Engelholm, Damien C Weber, Per Munck Af Rosenschold
INTRODUCTION: The breath-hold technique inter alia has been suggested to mitigate the detrimental effect of motion on pencil beam scanned (PBS) proton therapy dose distributions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the robustness of incident proton beam angles to day-to-day anatomical variations in breath-hold. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single field PBS plans at five degrees increments in the transversal plane were made and water-equivalent path lengths (WEPLs) were derived on the planning breath-hold CT (BHCT) for 30 patients diagnosed with locally-advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), early stage NSCLC or lung metastasis...
June 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464743/monte-carlo-simulations-of-a-low-energy-proton-beamline-for-radiobiological-experiments
#15
Tordis J Dahle, Anne Marit Rykkelid, Camilla H Stokkevåg, Andrea Mairani, Andreas Görgen, Nina J Edin, Eivind Rørvik, Lars Fredrik Fjæra, Eirik Malinen, Kristian S Ytre-Hauge
BACKGROUND: In order to determine the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of protons with high accuracy, radiobiological experiments with detailed knowledge of the linear energy transfer (LET) are needed. Cell survival data from high LET protons are sparse and experiments with low energy protons to achieve high LET values are therefore required. The aim of this study was to quantify LET distributions from a low energy proton beam by using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations, and to further compare to a proton beam representing a typical minimum energy available at clinical facilities...
June 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464734/beam-angle-evaluation-to-improve-inter-fraction-motion-robustness-in-pelvic-lymph-node-irradiation-with-proton-therapy
#16
Andreas Gravgaard Andersen, Oscar Casares-Magaz, Jørgen Petersen, Jakob Toftegaard, Lise Bentzen, Sara Thörnqvist, Ludvig Paul Muren
BACKGROUND: Proton therapy dose distributions are sensitive to range variations, e.g. arising from inter-fraction organ motion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inter-fraction motion robustness of proton beams from different beam angles in irradiation of pelvic lymph nodes (LNs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Planning CT (pCT) and multiple repeat CT (rCT) scans of 18 prostate cancer patients were used. Considering left and right LNs separately, the average water equivalent path length (WEPL) over all ray paths in the beams eye view of the LNs were calculated for all gantry/couch angle combinations across all rCTs versus the corresponding pCT...
June 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464733/evaluating-the-influence-of-organ-motion-during-photon-vs-proton-therapy-for-locally-advanced-prostate-cancer-using-biological-models
#17
Kia Busch, Andreas G Andersen, Oscar Casares-Magaz, Jørgen B B Petersen, Lise Bentzen, Sara Thörnqvist, Ludvig P Muren
BACKGROUND: Proton therapy (PT) may have a normal tissue sparing potential when co-irradiating pelvic lymph nodes in patients with locally advanced prostate cancer, but may also be more sensitive towards organ motion in the pelvis. Building upon a previous study identifying motion-robust proton beam angles for pelvic irradiation, we aimed to evaluate the influence of organ motion for PT using biological models, and to compare this with contemporary photon-based RT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight locally advanced prostate cancer patients with a planning CT (pCT) and 8-9 repeated CT scans (rCTs) were included...
June 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458169/pressure-control-of-a-proton-beam-irradiated-water-target-through-an-internal-flow-channel-induced-thermosyphon
#18
Bong Hwan Hong, In Su Jung
A water target was designed to enhance cooling efficiency using a thermosyphon, which is a system that uses natural convection to induce heat exchange. Two water targets were fabricated: a square target without any flow channel and a target with a flow channel design to induce a thermosyphon mechanism. These two targets had the same internal volume of 8 ml. First, visualization experiments were performed to observe the internal flow by natural convection. Subsequently, an experiment was conducted to compare the cooling performance of both water targets by measuring the temperature and pressure...
March 15, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457577/proton-beam-radiotherapy-as-part-of-comprehensive-regional-nodal-irradiation-for-locally-advanced-breast-cancer
#19
Vivek Verma, Zaid Iftekaruddin, Nida Badar, William Hartsell, John Han-Chih Chang, Vinai Gondi, Mark Pankuch, Ming Gao, Stacey Schmidt, Darren Kaplan, Lisa McGee
PURPOSE: This study evaluates acute toxicity outcomes in breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant proton beam therapy (PBT). METHODS: From 2011 to 2016, 91 patients (93 cancers) were treated with adjuvant PBT targeting the intact breast/chest wall and comprehensive regional nodes including the axilla, supraclavicular fossa, and internal mammary lymph nodes. Toxicity was recorded weekly during treatment, one month following treatment, and then every 6months according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4...
April 27, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456587/proton-therapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer-expanding-the-therapeutic-window
#20
REVIEW
Jonathan E Leeman, Paul B Romesser, Ying Zhou, Sean McBride, Nadeem Riaz, Eric Sherman, Marc A Cohen, Oren Cahlon, Nancy Lee
Use of proton beam therapy has expanded, with the number of proton centres rapidly increasing not only in the USA but also worldwide. The physical characteristics of the proton beam offer important advantages versus widely used photon techniques in terms of radiation precision. In head and neck cancer in particular, proton beam therapy is uniquely suited for the complex anatomy of tumours and sensitive surrounding organs. De-intensification and personalisation of treatment to limit toxicity are of renewed importance in the context of human papilloma virus-associated disease, in which young patients will be cured but bear the consequences of adverse effects for decades...
April 26, 2017: Lancet Oncology
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