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ablation,stent,atrial fibrilation,

Young-Ah Park, Jiwon Seo, Hui-Nam Pak
When there is no pulmonary vein reconnection after catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation, patients can experience recurrence of atrial fibrillation without clear evidence of non-pulmonary vein foci. We describe a patient with significant pulmonary vein stenosis and recurrent atrial fibrillation after four ablation procedures. After successful pulmonary vein stenting, the symptoms were resolved, and sinus rhythm was maintained for 2 years without treatment with antiarrhythmic medication. We believe pulmonary vein stenting potentially controlled atrial fibrillation by providing pulmonary vein pressure relief or by compressing the epicardial triggers occurring at the pulmonary vein ostium...
July 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
Alastair Gray, Conor McQuillan, Ian B A Menown
INTRODUCTION: The findings of many new cardiology clinical trials over the last year have been published or presented at major international meetings. This paper aims to describe and place in context a summary of the key clinical trials in cardiology presented between January and December 2016. METHODS: The authors reviewed clinical trials presented at major cardiology conferences during 2016 including the American College of Cardiology (ACC), European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EuroPCR), European Society of Cardiology (ESC), European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT), and the American Heart Association (AHA)...
July 2017: Advances in Therapy
T Maurer, C Sohns
In patients suffering from atrial fibrillation (AF), modern antithrombotic therapy and anticoagulation strategies should be individualized based on shared decision making including patient preferences and the absolute and relative risks of stroke and bleeding. Estimation of the individual risk for stroke is still based on the CHA2DS2-VASc score. Based on the most recent guidelines for the management of AF, oral anticoagulation therapy should be considered for men with a CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥1 and women with a score ≥2, balancing the expected stroke reduction, risk of bleeding and patient preference...
June 2017: Herz
Jan Romantowski, Krzysztof Kuziemski, Alicja Janowicz, Alicja Siemińska, Edyta Szurowska, Ewa Jassem
A pulmonary vein stenosis is a known adverse event of catheter ablation in atrial fibrillation. However, it should be considered due to high frequency of such procedures. Haemoptysis, a symptom of severe stenosis, is often misdiagnosed as other different diseases. We present a case report of a 52-year-old patient with recurrent haemoptysis, dyspnoea, and fatigue, which turned out to be complication after catheter ablation. Successful treatment with drug-eluting stent (DES) was implemented with vast clinical improvement and follow-up...
March 2017: Respirology Case Reports
Guido Ghirardi, Cristina Ferrari, Gianluca Pontone, Daniela Trabattoni, Claudio Tondo, Franco Fabbiocchi, Piero Montorsi, Alessandro Lualdi, Antonio Bartorelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Erin A Fender, R Jay Widmer, David O Hodge, George M Cooper, Kristi H Monahan, Laurie A Peterson, David R Holmes, Douglas L Packer
BACKGROUND: The frequency of pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) after ablation for atrial fibrillation has decreased, but it remains a highly morbid condition. Although treatment strategies including pulmonary vein dilation and stenting have been described, the long-term impacts of these interventions are unknown. We evaluated the presentation of severe PVS, and examined the risk for restenosis after intervention using either balloon angioplasty (BA) alone or BA with stenting. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study of 124 patients with severe PVS evaluated between 2000 and 2014...
December 6, 2016: Circulation
Bing Zhou, Xue-Jiang Cen, Lin-Yan Qian, Jie Pang, Hai Zou, Ya-Hui Ding
INTRODUCTION: Atrial-esophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare severe disease, which may be associated with radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) or intraoperative radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation (IRAAF). CLINICAL FINDINGS: We reported a case of a 67-year-old man with AEF following RFCA of AF, who treated with esophageal stenting and surgical repair. OUTCOMES: He was attacked by out-of-control sepsis and infectious shock after surgery and died...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dirk Prochnau, Ralf Surber, Matthias Hoyme, Sylvia Otto, Anna Selle, Tudor C Poerner
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a frequent reason for emergency department visits. According to current guidelines either rate- or rhythm-control are acceptable therapeutic options in such situations. In this report, we present the complicated clinical course of a patient with AF and a rapid ventricular response. Because of paroxysmal AF, the patient was on chronic oral anticoagulation therapy with warfarin. Pharmacological treatment was ineffective to control ventricular rate, and immediate synchronized electrical cardioversion was performed...
September 13, 2016: CJEM
Nikolaos Papageorgiou, Alexandros Briasoulis, George Lazaros, Massimo Imazio, Dimitris Tousoulis
AIMS: Colchicine has been suggested to be beneficial in preventing recurrent pericarditis. The goal of this study was to review all randomized controlled trials that assess the use of colchicine for the prevention and treatment of cardiac diseases. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of the effects of colchicine on pericarditis, postpericardiotomy syndrome and postprocedural atrial fibrillation recurrence, in-stent restenosis, gastrointestinal adverse effects, and treatment discontinuation rates...
February 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
Hawa Edriss, Tatiana Denega, Victor Test, Kenneth Nugent
Radiofrequency catheter ablation has become a widely used intervention in the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is one of the most serious complications associated with this procedure; the degree of stenosis ranges from mild (<50%) to complete venous occlusion. The natural history of PVS and the risk of progression of existing PVS are uncertain. Symptomatic and/or severe PVS is a serious medical problem and can be easily misdiagnosed since it is an uncommon and relatively new medical problem, often has low clinical suspicion among clinicians, and has a non-specific presentation that mimics other more common respiratory or cardiac diseases...
August 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Silanath Terpenning, Loren H Ketai, Shawn D Teague, Stacy M Rissing
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) may be the cause or sequela of left atrial abnormalities and variants. PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of left atrial (LA) abnormalities in AF patients compared to normal sinus rhythm (NSR) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 281 cardiac CT examinations from 2010 to 2012, excluding patients with prior pulmonary vein ablation, known coronary artery disease, prior coronary stent placement, or coronary artery bypass grafts...
June 2016: Acta Radiologica Open
Claire McCune, Peter McKavanagh, Ian B A Menown
INTRODUCTION: Multiple significant, potentially practice changing clinical trials in cardiology have been conducted and subsequently presented throughout the past year. METHODS: In this paper, the authors have reviewed and contextualized significant cardiovascular clinical trials presented at major international conferences of 2015 including American College of Cardiology, European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions, American Diabetes Association, European Society of Cardiology, Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics, Heart Rhythm Congress, and the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions...
December 2016: Cardiology and Therapy
Jonathan Rosenberg, Westby G Fisher, Mayra Guerrero, Steve Smart, Justin Levisay, Ted Feldman, Michael Salinger
Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is an uncommon but serious complication following radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation. Occurrence of this complication has risen with increased rates of ablation procedures, with >50,000 AF ablation procedures performed per year, and can occur within weeks to months post procedure. Currently, the main therapies for PVS include percutaneous interventions with balloon angioplasty and stenting, but these treatments are complicated by a high rate of restenosis. The optimal treatment for recurrent pulmonary vein in-stent restenosis has not been determined...
May 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Hans-Christoph Diener, James Aisenberg, Jack Ansell, Dan Atar, Günter Breithardt, John Eikelboom, Michael D Ezekowitz, Christopher B Granger, Jonathan L Halperin, Stefan H Hohnloser, Elaine M Hylek, Paulus Kirchhof, Deirdre A Lane, Freek W A Verheugt, Roland Veltkamp, Gregory Y H Lip
Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have a high risk of stroke and mortality, which can be considerably reduced by oral anticoagulants (OAC). Recently, four non-vitamin-K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were compared with warfarin in large randomized trials for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism. Today's clinician is faced with the difficult task of selecting a suitable OAC for a patient with a particular clinical profile or a particular pattern of risk factors and concomitant diseases. We reviewed analyses of subgroups of patients from trials of vitamin K antagonists vs...
March 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
Chien-Ming Lo, Hung-I Lu, Yen-Yu Chen, Jen-Ping Chang
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is well established but not drawback free. Pulmonary vein stenosis is one of the complications and usually treated with stenting with the disadvantages of high re-stenosis rate and anticoagulant dependence. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein, we present the case of a 47 year-old lady, who suffered from fever and hemoptysis due to right inferior pulmonary vein occlusion after radiofrequency catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation...
January 19, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Howard A Fink, Laura S Hemmy, Roderick MacDonald, Maureen H Carlyle, Carin M Olson, Maurice W Dysken, J Riley McCarten, Robert L Kane, Santiago A Garcia, Indulis R Rutks, Jeannine Ouellette, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Risks for intermediate- and long-term cognitive impairment after cardiovascular procedures in older adults are poorly understood. PURPOSE: To summarize evidence about cognitive outcomes in adults aged 65 years or older at least 3 months after coronary or carotid revascularization, cardiac valve procedures, or ablation for atrial fibrillation. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Scopus databases from 1990 to January 2015; ClinicalTrials...
July 21, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
Juan Carlos Rama-Merchan, Ignacio Cruz-González, Javier Martín-Moreiras, Francisco Javier García-Fernández, Pedro L Sánchez
Pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis (PVS) is a known complication of PV isolation procedures for AF (atrial fibrillation). PV angioplasty and stenting have been used as an effective therapy for PVS, yet high rates of restenosis are common. Experience with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in evaluating the PVS morphological characteristics and appropriate stent deployment is very limited. Furthermore, the use of IVUS could minimise the risk of restenosis. We describe the case of a patient with sub-occlusion of the left superior PV and total occlusion of the left inferior PV following catheter ablation for AF treated by stenting with IVUS guidance...
September 2015: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Julie Kalabalik, Gail B Rattinger, Jesse Sullivan, Malgorzata Slugocki, Antonia Carbone, Anastasia Rivkin
Atrial fibrillation is a commonly encountered arrhythmia associated with increased risk for thromboembolic events. Anticoagulation is necessary to decrease the risk of ischemic stroke. Traditionally, warfarin has been the only oral pharmacotherapeutic option for long-term anticoagulation in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Recently, non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOAC), including dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban, have become available as alternatives for warfarin in the prevention of stroke in patients with NVAF...
June 2015: Drugs
Torben Bjerregaard Larsen, Tatjana Potpara, Nikolaos Dagres, Alessandro Proclemer, Elena Sciarrafia, Carina Blomström-Lundqvist
The purpose of this European Heart Rhythm Association Survey was to assess the clinical practice in relation to the use of oral anticoagulation therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in Europe. Of special interest were patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), cardioversion procedures, catheter ablation, surgery, and those suffering from anticoagulation-related bleeding. Of 38 responding centres, non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were used for stroke prophylaxis and were preferred (33...
May 2015: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Xin Pan, Cheng Wang, Youjun Zhang, Weihua Wu, Weiyi Fang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of pulmonary vein stenting in patients with severe pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 5 PVS patients (3 males, (54.1 ± 11.2) years old) confirmed by computed tomography angiography after catheter ablation of AF in Shanghai Chest Hospital from April 2010 to April 2013. After selective pulmonary vein angiography, stents were implanted in the pulmonary vein...
October 2014: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
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