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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915363/ghrelin-reductions-following-bariatric-surgery-were-associated-with-decreased-resting-state-activity-in-the-hippocampus
#1
Yi Zhang, Gang Ji, Guanya Li, Yang Hu, Li Liu, Qingchao Jin, Qianqian Meng, Jizheng Zhao, Kai Yuan, Jixn Liu, Karen M von Deneen, Antao Chen, Guangbin Cui, Huaning Wang, Qingchuan Zhao, Kaichun Wu, Jie Tian, Peter Manza, Dardo Tomasi, Nora D Volkow, Yongzhan Nie, Gene-Jack Wang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is an effective bariatric surgery to treat obesity, and involves removal of the gastric fundus where ghrelin is mainly produced. Ghrelin stimulates appetite and regulates food intake through its effect on the hypothalamus and hippocampus (HIPP). While ghrelin's role on the hypothalamus has been explored, little is known about its role on HIPP. We tested the hypothesis that LSG-induced reductions in ghrelin levels would be associated with changes in HIPP activity...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912070/the-impact-of-massage-and-reading-on-children-s-pain-and-anxiety-after-cardiovascular-surgery-a-pilot-study
#2
Sandra L Staveski, Karen Boulanger, Lee Erman, Li Lin, Christina Almgren, Chloe Journel, Stephen J Roth, Brenda Golianu
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this pilot study was three-fold: 1) to evaluate the safety and feasibility of instituting massage therapy in the immediate postoperative period after congenital heart surgery, 2) to examine the preliminary results on effects of massage therapy versus standard of care plus three reading visits on postoperative pain and anxiety, and 3) to evaluate preliminary effects of opioid and benzodiazepine exposure in patients receiving massage therapy compared with reading controls...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911273/change-in-children-s-self-concept-body-esteem-and-eating-attitudes-before-and-4-years-after-maternal-rygb
#3
Fanny Sellberg, Ata Ghaderi, Mikaela Willmer, Per Tynelius, Daniel Berglind
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to look at longitudinal changes in children's self-concept, body-esteem, and eating attitudes before and 4 years after maternal RYGB surgery. METHODS: Sixty-nine women and 81 appurtenant children were recruited from RYGB waiting lists at 5 hospitals in Sweden. Families were visited at home pre-surgery, 9 months, and 4 years post-maternal RYGB to measure BMI. Furthermore, all participating family members completed questionnaires...
June 17, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907335/trial-protocol-the-use-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-improving-bracing-compliance-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Xue Li, Christine Hiu Yan Leung, Ting Gao, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Fiona Wai Ping Yu, Tsz Ping Lam, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent deforming orthopaedic condition; it causes significant disability when spinal curves progress beyond 45deg. Bracing is the primary treatment prescribed for adolescents with an immature skeleton who have spinal curves between 25 and 45deg. New evidence suggests that compliance with bracing significantly decreases the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery. Nonetheless, bracing is a stressful experience...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898710/placebo-by-proxy-expectations-toward-acupuncture-change-over-time-a-survey-comparing-parental-expectations-to-acupuncture-pre-and-postoperatively
#5
Ingrid Liodden, Are Hugo Pripp, Arne Johan Norheim
BACKGROUND: Patients entering a treatment have expectancy to outcome based on their previous experience, the information received, and the credibility of the treatment. Once the treatment has started, patients may detect and interpret contextual cues and somatic state. Influenced and conditioned by positive or negative interpretations, their reappraisal may improve or worsen the treatment outcome. The aims were to investigate whether parental pre-treatment expectancies towards acupuncture differ compared to post-treatment expectancies, and assess predictors for possible change of parental expectancy...
June 14, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893673/gender-differences-in-patients-with-anxiety-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#6
Yalcin Guzelhan, Cenk Conkbayir, Murat Ugurlucan, Cenk Eray Yildiz, Ufuk Alpagut, Nilgun Bozbuga
The present study was designed to evaluate the relationship between gender and coexisting anxiety in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery. Materials and Methods: A total of 137 patients (41 women and 96 men with a mean age 66.1 ± 6.0 years) patients underwent state and trait anxiety evaluation at baseline (preoperatively) and at six months after (postoperatively) coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Anxiety symptoms were assessed at enrollment using the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
May 11, 2018: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888729/effects-of-auditory-and-audiovisual-presentations-on-anxiety-and-behavioral-changes-in-children-undergoing-elective-surgery
#7
Z Hatipoglu, E Gulec, D Lafli, D Ozcengiz
Background: : Preoperative anxiety is a critical issue in children, and associated with postoperative behavioral changes. Aims: : The purpose of the current study is to evaluate how audiovisual and auditory presentations about the perioperative period impact preoperative anxiety and postoperative behavioral disturbances of children undergoing elective ambulatory surgery. Materials and Methods: : A total of 99 patients between the ages of 5-12, scheduled to undergo outpatient surgery, participated in this study...
June 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878582/patient-education-strategies-in-cataract-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
Ariel R Choi, Paul B Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the comparative effectiveness of patient education strategies in cataract surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of five electronic databases was conducted for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) studying the efficacy of educational interventions for cataract surgery patients. Peer-reviewed articles published in English were considered for inclusion without restriction limits on publication date. General study characteristics, measurement methodologies, and outcome measures were narratively synthesized...
May 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878248/preoperative-patient-expectations-of-postoperative-pain-are-associated-with-moderate-to-severe-acute-pain-after-vats
#9
Emine Ozgur Bayman, Kalpaj R Parekh, John Keech, Nyle Larson, Mark Vander Weg, Timothy J Brennan
Objective: The goal of this post hoc analysis of subjects from a prospective observational study was to identify the predictors of patients developing moderate to severe acute pain (mean numerical rating scale [NRS] ≥4, 0-10) during the first three days after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) from a comprehensive evaluation of demographic, psychosocial, and surgical factors. Methods: Results from 82 patients who were enrolled one week before VATS and evaluated during the first three postoperative days are presented...
June 5, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871537/-express-plastic-change-of-prefrontal-cortex-mediates-anxiety-like-behaviors-associated-with-chronic-pain-in-neuropathic-rats
#10
Kangning Sang, Chaofei Bao, Yushi Xin, Shunan Hu, Xian Gao, Yongsheng Wang, Mark Bodner, Yongdi Zhou, Xiaowei Dong
Clinical studies show that anxiety and chronic pain are concomitant. The neural basis for the comorbidity is unclear. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) has been recognized as a critical area for affective disorders and chronic pain modulation. In this study, we examined the role of the PFC in the pathogenesis of anxiety associated with chronic pain in a rat model of neuropathic pain with spare nerve injury (SNI). The SNI rats showed apparent anxiety-like behaviors in both open field (OF) test and elevated-plus maze (EPM) test 8 weeks after surgery...
January 1, 2018: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865016/identification-of-pre-operative-of-risk-factors-associated-with-persistent-post-operative-pain-by-self-reporting-tools-in-lower-limb-amputee-patients-a-feasibility-study
#11
M B Houlind, H Rømer, W Schmelling, T Palsson, K K Petersen
Aims The incidence of persistent post-operative pain (PPP) is 30-85% in lower limb amputee (LLA) patients and identification of preoperative risk factors are warranted. Preoperative levels of anxiety, depression, pain catastrophizing, neuropathic pain and severe preoperative pain have previously been linked with PPP but such screening tools are not used in the clinical hospital setting. The aim of this study was to assess feasibility of using questionnaires for anxiety, depression, pain catastrophizing, neuropathic pain and preoperative pain levels in a clinical preoperative setting...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864076/patient-reported-allergies-are-associated-with-preoperative-psychological-distress-and-less-satisfying-patient-experience-in-a-lumbar-spine-surgery-population
#12
Jay M Levin, Spencer Boyle, Robert D Winkelman, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Kalil G Abdullah, Michael P Steinmetz, Thomas E Mroz
STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: The main objectives of this study were: (1) to determine whether patient-reported allergies (PRAs) are associated with patient satisfaction scores, and (2) to clarify the association between PRAs and preoperative anxiety and depression in a lumbar spine surgery population. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey is currently used to measure the patient experience and there is concern that psychosocial factors are unaccounted for...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848400/the-reach-protocol-an-innovative-strategy-for-home-management-of-infants-with-complex-chd
#13
Desiree A Fleck, Bradley S Marino, John M Costello, Chitra Ravishankar, Deborah Torowicz, Carrie Alden, Kathleen Van't Hof, Barbara Medoff-Cooper
Approximately 32,000 infants are born with CHDs each year in the United States of America. Of every 1000 live births, 2.3 require surgical or transcatheter intervention in the first year of life. There are few more stressful times for parents than when their neonate receives a diagnosis of complex CHD requiring surgery. The stress of caring for these infants is often unrelenting and may last for weeks, months, and often years, placing parents at risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as a drastic decrease in quality of life...
July 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847967/intranasal-dexmedetomidine-in-termination-of-first-trimester-pregnancy-of-suction-evacuation
#14
Shi Hang, Duo Yang, Jie Liu
OBJECTIVE: Deep sedation without intubation for termination of first trimester pregnancy of suction evacuation entails use of sedatives such as propofol or a combination of propofol and sulfentanil, with unwanted complications. Dexmedetomidine is an α2-adrenorecepter agonist which provides sedation, anxiolysis and analgesia, without any of the complications associated with the popular sedatives. METHODS: A total number of 90 patients were randomized to three groups: (1) group P, treated with intranasal saline, intravenous saline and propofol; (2) group DP, treated with intranasal dexmedetomidine, intravenous saline and propofol; and (3) group SP, treated with intranasal saline, intravenous sulfentanil and propofol...
March 2018: Asian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808282/clinic-day-surgery-for-children-a-patient-and-staff-perspective
#15
Cory N Criss, Johnathan Brown, Joshua S Gish, Samir K Gadepalli, Ronald B Hirschl
INTRODUCTION: For the past 3 years, our institution has implemented a same clinic-day surgery (CDS) program, where common surgical procedures are performed the same day as the initial clinic evaluation. We sought to evaluate the patient and faculty/staff satisfaction following the implementation of this program. METHODS: After IRB approval, patients presenting for the CDS between 2014 and 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Of these, patient families who received CDS were contacted to perform a telephone survey focusing on their overall satisfaction and to obtain feedback...
May 28, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806289/-injury-characteristics-and-therapeutic-strategy-of-patients-injured-in-8%C3%A2-8-jiuzhaigou-earthquake
#16
Bo Shi, Gang Liu, Lin Li, Shitian Tang, Jun Wang, Mingrui Xie, Xiaoyu Dai, Jianyong He, Yun Zhang, Yi Tang, Jianbo Xianyu, Dong Wang, Mei He, Weiyun Xu, Zhongjin Song, Ying Ma, Fuguo Huang, Yueming Song
Objective: To summarize the injury characteristics and therapeutic strategy of patients injured in "8·8" Jiuzhaigou earthquake. Methods: The clinical data of 48 patients injured in "8·8" Jiuzhaigou earthquake who were admitted to Mianyang Central Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. There were 25 males and 23 females with an average age of 36 years (range, 5-87 years). The average interval from injury to admission was 30 hours (range, 3-53 hours)...
March 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806059/relationship-between-multifaceted-body-image-and-negative-affect-among-women-undergoing-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#17
Shichen Li, Lingyan Li, Hong Zheng, Yuping Wang, Xiongzhao Zhu, Yanjie Yang, Yuling Yang, Jincai He
The purpose of the current study was to investigate how post-surgery multifaceted body image predicts negative affect (NA) 6 months post-surgery among women undergoing mastectomy. In total, 310 Chinese women undergoing mastectomy were recruited from a hospital in the Hunan province between 2012 and 2013. Upon enrollment (T1), all women were administered the Chinese version of Body Image after Breast Cancer Questionnaire (BIBCQ) (BIBCQ-C), NA subscale of Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD)...
May 27, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803669/the-use-of-adjunct-psychosocial-interventions-can-decrease-postoperative-pain-and-improve-the-quality-of-clinical-care-in-orthopedic-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Csenge Szeverenyi, Zoltan Kekecs, Alisa Johnson, Gary Elkins, Zoltan Csernatony, Katalin Varga
The present study aims to assess the effectiveness of psychosocial techniques to decrease postoperative pain and improve perioperative clinical care in orthopedic surgery. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the effects of psychosocial methods among adults undergoing orthopedic surgeries. The systematic review included both randomized and non-randomized trials, but only randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) were included in the meta-analysis. Key outcomes were postoperative pain, analgesic requirement, perioperative anxiety, quality of life, and recovery...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803059/surgery-related-coping-in-patients-with-intracranial-tumours
#19
Simone Goebel, Dominik Mederer, H Maximilian Mehdorn
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical brain tumour removal poses a unique threat for patients while also minimizing instrumental control. Thus, psychological processes utilized by patients in order to cope with surgery-related anxiety are of utmost importance. This is the first study to assess both nature and effectiveness of surgery-related coping efforts in neurooncological patients. METHOD: We included 70 inpatients with an intracranial tumour prior to neurosurgical treatment...
May 23, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802465/the-effect-of-deformity-correction-on-psychiatric-condition-of-the-adolescent-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Altuğ Duramaz, Semra Yılmaz, Nezih Ziroğlu, Burcu Bursal Duramaz, Tayfun Kara
PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of deformity correction on body image, quality of life, self-esteem, depression and anxiety in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) who underwent surgery. METHODS: Between June 2014 and July 2015, 41 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for AIS were compared with the control group of 52 healthy patients regarding the changes in the pre- and postoperative quality of life and psychiatric status of patients with deformity correction...
May 25, 2018: European Spine Journal
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