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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877000/psychiatric-aspects-of-toxoplasmosis-an-indian-perspective
#1
Ajish G Mangot
Toxoplasma gondii is one of the well-studied parasites because of its medical and veterinary importance, and its suitability as a model for cell biology and molecular studies. Latent toxoplasmosis in an immunocompetent host was considered benign until recently. The importance of this parasite has been steadily rising in the field of psychiatry and neurology as it has been implicated in numerous neuropsychiatric disorders. Researchers in India have unfortunately restricted themselves to finding the prevalence of toxoplasma antibodies in special populations and animals...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829458/retrospective-epidemiological-study-of-canine-epilepsy-in-japan-using-the-international-veterinary-epilepsy-task-force-classification-2015-2003-2013-etiological-distribution-risk-factors-survival-time-and-lifespan
#2
Yuji Hamamoto, Daisuke Hasegawa, Shunta Mizoguchi, Yoshihiko Yu, Masae Wada, Takayuki Kuwabara, Aki Fujiwara-Igarashi, Michio Fujita
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is the most common neurological disease in veterinary practice. However, contrary to human medicine, epilepsy classification in veterinary medicine had not been clearly defined until recently. A number of reports on canine epilepsy have been published, reflecting in part updated proposals from the human epilepsy organization, the International League Against Epilepsy. In 2015, the International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force (IVETF) published a consensus report on the classification and definition of canine epilepsy...
November 9, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778083/-first-ciguatera-outbreak-in-germany-in-2012
#3
Miriam Friedemann
In November 2012, 23 cases of ciguatera with typical combinations of gastrointestinal and neurological symptoms occurred in Germany after consumption of imported tropical fish (Lutjanus spp.). A questionnaire was used to gather information on the disease course and fish consumption. All patients suffered from pathognomonic cold allodynia. Aside from two severe courses of illness, all other cases showed symptoms of moderate intensity. During a three-year follow-up, seven patients reported prolonged paresthesia for more than one year...
October 24, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771072/mouse-model-for-the-rift-valley-fever-virus-mp12-strain-infection
#4
Yuekun Lang, Jamie Henningson, Dane Jasperson, Yonghai Li, Jinhwa Lee, Jingjiao Ma, Yuhao Li, Nan Cao, Haixia Liu, William Wilson, Juergen Richt, Mark Ruder, Scott McVey, Wenjun Ma
Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), a Category A pathogen and select agent, is the causative agent of Rift Valley fever. To date, no fully licensed vaccine is available in the U.S. for human or animal use and effective antiviral drugs have not been identified. The RVFV MP12 strain is conditionally licensed for use for veterinary purposes in the U.S. which was excluded from the select agent rule of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The MP12 vaccine strain is commonly used in BSL-2 laboratories that is generally not virulent in mice...
November 15, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769883/brazilian-borreliosis-with-special-emphasis-on-humans-and-horses
#5
Roberta Carvalho Basile, Natalino Hajime Yoshinari, Elenice Mantovani, Virgínia Nazário Bonoldi, Delphim da Graça Macoris, Antonio de Queiroz-Neto
Borreliosis caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato is a cosmopolitan zoonosis studied worldwide; it is called Lyme disease in many countries of the Northern Hemisphere and Lyme-like or Baggio-Yoshinari Syndrome in Brazil. However, despite the increasing number of suspect cases, this disease is still neglected in Brazil by the medical and veterinary communities. Brazilian Lyme-like borreliosis likely involves capybaras as reservoirs and Amblyomma and Rhipicephalus ticks as vectors. Thus, domestic animals can serve as key carriers in pathogen dissemination...
October 4, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743649/electroporation-enhances-protective-immune-response-of-a-dna-vaccine-against-japanese-encephalitis-in-mice-and-pigs
#6
Ziyang Sheng, Na Gao, Xiaoyun Cui, Dongying Fan, Hui Chen, Na Wu, Jianchun Wei, Jing An
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a pathogenic cause of Japanese Encephalitis (JE), which is a zoonotic disease transmitted by mosquitoes and amplified by pigs. Infection of JEV may lead to severe neurological sequelae, even death in humans and reproductive disorders in pigs. Vaccination is the only way to control JEV infection in humans. For pigs play important role in the JEV transmission cycle, developing a new veterinary vaccine is considered as a useful strategy for cutting off the transmission route of JEV...
October 12, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685362/border-collie-collapse-owner-survey-results-and-veterinary-description-of-videotaped-episodes
#7
Susan Taylor, Katie Minor, Cindy L Shmon, G Diane Shelton, Edward E Patterson, James R Mickelson
Completed surveys were obtained from owners of 165 border collies experiencing repeated episodes of abnormal gait or collapse during strenuous exercise. Unremarkable veterinary evaluation and lack of disease progression over time made common systemic, cardiac, and neurologic causes of exercise intolerance unlikely. Survey questions addressed signalment, age of onset, description of episodes, and owner perception of factors associated with collapse. Most dogs were young adults (median 2 yr) when episodes began, and they had experienced from 2 to more than 100 episodes (median 6) prior to their owners completing the survey...
November 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682506/clinical-characteristics-of-canine-fibrocartilaginous-embolic-myelopathy-fce-a-systematic-review-of-393-cases-1973-2013
#8
K A Bartholomew, K E Stover, N J Olby, S A Moore
Fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy (FCE) is common in dogs; however, there is conflicting information in the veterinary literature regarding clinical characteristics and data on recovery in severe cases is sparse. A systematic review of canine FCE was performed to delineate the natural history of this disease. 322 previously reported cases and 71 previously unreported cases were identified for inclusion. Source publications were identified via PubMed central search and by references from review articles...
September 28, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633257/a-serological-protein-microarray-for-detection-of-multiple-cross-reactive-flavivirus-infections-in-horses-for-veterinary-and-public-health-surveillance
#9
N B Cleton, K van Maanen, S A Bergervoet, N Bon, C Beck, G-J Godeke, S Lecollinet, R Bowen, D Lelli, N Nowotny, M P G Koopmans, C B E M Reusken
The genus Flavivirus in the family Flaviviridae includes some of the most important examples of emerging zoonotic arboviruses that are rapidly spreading across the globe. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), West Nile virus (WNV), St. Louis encephalitis virus (SLEV) and Usutu virus (USUV) are mosquito-borne members of the JEV serological group. Although most infections in humans are asymptomatic or present with mild flu-like symptoms, clinical manifestations of JEV, WNV, SLEV, USUV and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) can include severe neurological disease and death...
September 15, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549325/high-definition-video-telescope-assisted-ventral-slot-decompression-surgery-for-cervical-intervertebral-disc-herniation-in-30-dogs
#10
Diego Rossetti, Guillaume R Ragetly, Cyrill M Poncet
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of a video telescope operating monitor (VITOM™) for ventral slot decompression and to report its clinical applications using preoperative and postoperative computed tomography (CT) myelography. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case series. ANIMALS: Consecutive dogs presented with cervical intervertebral disc disease requiring surgical decompression (n = 30). METHODS: Demographic data, preoperative neurological status, localization and lateralization of the compression, total operative time, surgical complications, ventral slot size and orientation, hospitalization time, and postoperative outcome were recorded...
October 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535591/the-anti-inflammatory-properties-of-satureja-khuzistanica-jamzad-essential-oil-attenuate-the-effects-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-rats
#11
Elham Abbasloo, Fatemeh Dehghan, Mohammad Khaksari, Hamid Najafipour, Reza Vahidi, Shahriar Dabiri, Gholamreza Sepehri, Golamreza Asadikaram
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health concern affecting the general public as well as military personnel. However, there is no FDA-approved therapy for the treatment of TBIs. In this work, we investigated the neurotherapeutic effects of the well-known natural Iranian medicine Satureja Khuzistanica Jamzad (SKJ) essential oil (SKEO) on the outcomes of diffused experimental TBI, with particular attention paid to its anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects. Male Wistar rats were treated with doses of 50, 100 and 200 (mg/kg, i...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511874/natural-exposure-to-domoic-acid-causes-behavioral-perseveration-in-wild-sea-lions-neural-underpinnings-and-diagnostic-application
#12
Peter F Cook, Colleen Reichmuth, Andrew Rouse, Sophie Dennison, Bill Van Bonn, Frances Gulland
Domoic acid is a naturally occurring algal toxin that causes neurological symptoms and mortality in exposed marine life. California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) are the most visible victims, and suffer epilepsy and progressive hippocampal atrophy. Despite its reliable neurological effects, little is known about how exposure to domoic acid alters behavior, which is critical for understanding the impact of toxic exposure on long-term survival in sea lions and other exposed animals, including humans. Better understanding of the behavioral effects may also inform veterinary diagnosis and treatment...
September 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508350/criteria-for-designation-of-clinical-substage-in-canine-lymphoma-a-survey-of-veterinary-oncologists
#13
L G Barber, K M Weishaar
Clinical substage is frequently reported to be prognostic in dogs with lymphoma, yet formal criteria for defining this parameter are lacking. The World Health Organization TNM Classification of Tumors of Domestic Animals simply defines substage as the absence or presence of systemic signs (substages a and b, respectively). We designed a survey to query veterinary oncologists on the criteria they use to determine clinical substage in practice. Gastrointestinal, constitutional and respiratory signs were the most commonly identified clinical factors, with greater than 90% respondents indicating that inappetence, vomiting, diarrhoea, changes in attitude, weakness and dyspnea were integral in assigning clinical substage...
August 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478852/texas-occurrence-of-lyme-disease-and-its-neurological-manifestations
#14
Jad A Dandashi, Damir Nizamutdinov, Samantha Dayawansa, Ekokobe Fonkem, Jason H Huang
Today, Lyme disease is the most commonly reported tick-borne disease in the United States and Europe. The culprits behind Lyme disease are the Borrelia species of bacteria. In the USA, Borrelia burgdorferi causes the majority of cases, while in Europe and Asia Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii carry the greatest burden of disease. The clinical manifestations of Lyme disease have been identified as early localized, early disseminated, and late chronic. The neurological effects of Lyme disease include both peripheral and central nervous systems involvement, including focal nerve abnormalities, cranial neuropathies, painful radiculoneuritis, meningitis, and/or toxic metabolic encephalopathy, known as Lyme encephalopathy...
June 2016: Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357276/complication-rates-after-bilateral-versus-unilateral-total-ear-canal-ablation-with-lateral-bulla-osteotomy-for-end-stage-inflammatory-ear-disease-in-dogs-79-ears
#15
Kristin A Coleman, Daniel D Smeak
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether perioperative complication rates are different between unilateral (ULS) versus single-stage bilateral (BLSS) total ear canal ablation-lateral bulla osteotomy (TECA-LBO) surgeries. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Fifity-seven dogs (79 ears) undergoing TECA-LBO at a single institution over 14 years. METHODS: Medical records of dogs undergoing TECA-LBO for end-stage inflammatory non-neoplastic ear disease from March 1999 to September 2013 at the Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital were evaluated for intraoperative and early postoperative complications associated with the procedure...
July 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357144/twenty-years-of-hendra-virus-laboratory-submission-trends-and-risk-factors-for-infection-in-horses
#16
C S Smith, A McLAUGHLIN, H E Field, D Edson, D Mayer, S Ossedryver, J Barrett, D Waltisbuhl
Hendra virus (HeV) was first described in 1994 in an outbreak of acute and highly lethal disease in horses and humans in Australia. Equine cases continue to be diagnosed periodically, yet the predisposing factors for infection remain unclear. We undertook an analysis of equine submissions tested for HeV by the Queensland government veterinary reference laboratory over a 20-year period to identify and investigate any patterns. We found a marked increase in testing from July 2008, primarily reflecting a broadening of the HeV clinical case definition...
June 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353196/tick-borne-relapsing-fever-in-dogs
#17
J Piccione, G J Levine, C A Duff, G M Kuhlman, K D Scott, M D Esteve-Gassent
BACKGROUND: In the United States, Tick-Borne Relapsing Fever (TBRF) in dogs is caused by the spirochete bacteria Borrelia turicatae and Borrelia hermsii, transmitted by Ornithodoros spp. ticks. The hallmark diagnostic feature of this infection is the visualization of numerous spirochetes during standard blood smear examination. Although the course of spirochetemia has not been fully characterized in dogs, in humans infected with TBRF the episodes of spirochetemia and fever are intermittent...
July 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27267355/neurological-signs-in-23-dogs-with-suspected-rostral-cerebellar-ischaemic-stroke
#18
Barbara Thomsen, Laurent Garosi, Geoff Skerritt, Clare Rusbridge, Tim Sparrow, Mette Berendt, Hanne Gredal
BACKGROUND: In dogs with ischaemic stroke, a very common site of infarction is the cerebellum. The aim of this study was to characterise neurological signs in relation to infarct topography in dogs with suspected cerebellar ischaemic stroke and to report short-term outcome confined to the hospitalisation period. A retrospective multicentre study of dogs with suspected cerebellar ischaemic stroke examined from 2010-2015 at five veterinary referral hospitals was performed. Findings from clinical, neurological, and paraclinical investigations including magnetic resonance imaging were assessed...
2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256593/practice-patterns-in-the-management-of-acute-intervertebral-disc-herniation-in-dogs
#19
S A Moore, P J Early, B F Hettlich
OBJECTIVES: Acute intervertebral disc herniation is commonly managed by veterinary neurologists and surgeons. Anecdote suggests that patterns of management vary considerably and there is controversy surrounding many aspects of treatment. The goal of this study was to document patterns in management of acute spinal cord injury caused by acute intervertebral disc herniation among these two groups to aid in future discussions on best practices. METHODS: A survey querying diagnostic, medical and surgical practices for dogs with acute intervertebral disc herniation was distributed to diplomates on the databases of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons and the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (Neurology)...
August 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218230/listeria-monocytogenes-septicemia-in-an-immunocompromised-dog
#20
Jessica C Pritchard, Megan E Jacob, Todd J Ward, Cameron T Parsons, Sophia Kathariou, Michael W Wood
An 11-year-old, male castrated, Boston Terrier was presented to the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine Small Animal Emergency Service with a 2-day history of progressive ataxia, left-sided head tilt, and anorexia. The dog had previously been diagnosed with chronic lymphoid leukemia and suspected immune-mediated destruction of his bone marrow precursor cells, possibly due to therapy with immunosuppressive dosages of prednisone and azathioprine. During the physical examination, abnormal findings included an increased body temperature and horizontal nystagmus...
June 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
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