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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900784/review-psychopathologies-in-captive-nonhuman-primates-and-approaches-to-diagnosis-and-treatment
#1
Maya S Kummrow, Martin Brüne
  Despite the growing knowledge and literature on primate medicine, assessment and treatment of behavioral abnormalities in nonhuman primates (NHPs) is an underdeveloped field. There is ample evidence for similarity between humans and great apes, including basic neurologic physiology and emotional processes, and no substantial argument exists against a concept of continuity for abnormal conditions in NHPs that emerge in response to adverse experiences, akin to human psychopathology. NHPs have served as models for human psychopathologies for many decades, but the acquired knowledge has only hesitantly been applied to primates themselves...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868505/epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-control-of-a-tick-borne-disease-kyasanur-forest-disease-current-status-and-future-directions
#2
REVIEW
Syed Z Shah, Basit Jabbar, Nadeem Ahmed, Anum Rehman, Hira Nasir, Sarooj Nadeem, Iqra Jabbar, Zia Ur Rahman, Shafiq Azam
In South Asia, Haemaphysalis spinigera tick transmits Kyasanur Forest Disease Virus (KFDV), a flavivirus that causes severe hemorrhagic fever with neurological manifestations such as mental disturbances, severe headache, tremors, and vision deficits in infected human beings with a fatality rate of 3-10%. The disease was first reported in March 1957 from Kyasanur forest of Karnataka (India) from sick and dying monkeys. Since then, between 400 and 500 humans cases per year have been recorded; monkeys and small mammals are common hosts of this virus...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857966/equine-manual-therapies-in-sport-horse-practice
#3
REVIEW
Kevin K Haussler
Manual therapies involve the application of the hands to the body, with a diagnostic or therapeutic intent. Touch therapies, massage, joint mobilization, and manipulation are all critical components in the management of muscular, articular, and neurologic components of select injuries in performance horses. Musculoskeletal conditions that are chronic or recurring, not readily diagnosed, or are not responding to conventional veterinary care may be indicators that manual therapy evaluation and treatment is needed...
May 29, 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793722/understanding-and-treating-chiari-like-malformation-and-syringomyelia-in-dogs
#4
REVIEW
Ashley C Hechler, Sarah A Moore
Chiari-like malformation (CM) and syringomyelia (SM) are common and debilitating conditions in toy and small breed dogs. CM, considered ubiquitous in the cavalier King Charles spaniel (CKCS) population, results in abnormal cerebrospinal fluid dynamics which can lead to the development of SM. The clinical signs associated with CM/SM are frequently confused with other otologic and dermatologic conditions, which may delay appropriate treatment. A definitive diagnosis of CM/SM requires advanced imaging; however, due to expense associated with this, many cases are managed presumptively and symptomatically for the condition...
March 2018: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790450/opisthotonos-and-unilateral-internal-hydrocephalus-associated-with-aberrant-migration-of-serratospiculum-sp-or-serratospiculoides-sp-in-a-prairie-falcon
#5
Arnaud J Van Wettere, Jaqueline P Kurz, Amanda Wilhelm, Jay Dee Ipsen
A juvenile, wild-caught prairie falcon ( Falco mexicanus) kept for falconry was presented to a veterinary hospital for intermittent opisthotonos and torticollis. Clinical examination, complete blood count, serum biochemistry panel, and fecal analysis were unremarkable. Clinical signs did not resolve, and the bird was euthanized 6 mo after the appearance of clinical signs. Autopsy revealed a mild, unilateral hydrocephalus and nematodes within the thoracic air sac. Histopathology demonstrated mild, unilateral hydrocephalus; scattered glial nodules; meningeal nematode sections; and meningeal and intraventricular embryonated eggs...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750111/demography-and-disorders-of-the-french-bulldog-population-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-the-uk-in-2013
#6
Dan G O'Neill, Lauren Baral, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt, Rowena M A Packer
Background: Despite its Gallic name, the French Bulldog is a breed of both British and French origin that was first recognised by The Kennel Club in 1906. The French Bulldog has demonstrated recent rapid rises in Kennel Club registrations and is now (2017) the second most commonly registered pedigree breed in the UK. However, the breed has been reported to be predisposed to several disorders including ocular, respiratory, neurological and dermatological problems. The VetCompass™ Programme collates de-identified clinical data from primary-care veterinary practices in the UK for epidemiological research...
2018: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730418/effects-of-pregabalin-on-brain-edema-neurologic-and-histologic-outcomes-in-experimental-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Manzumeh-Shamsi Meymandi, Zahra Soltani, Gholamreza Sepehri, Sedigheh Amiresmaili, Fatemeh Farahani, Mohammadmehdi Moeini Aghtaei
Brain edema and increased intracranial pressure (ICP) are among the main causes of neurological disturbance and mortality following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Since pregabalin neuroprotective effects have been shown, this study was performed to evaluate the possible neuroprotective effects of pregabalin in experimental TBI of male rats. Adult male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: sham, vehicle, pregabalin 30 mg/kg and pregabalin 60 mg/kg. TBI was induced in vehicle and pregabalin groups by Marmarou method...
May 3, 2018: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717641/eastern-equine-encephalitis-in-puppies-in-michigan-and-new-york-states
#8
Caroline Andrews, Jodie Gerdin, Jon Patterson, Elizabeth L Buckles, Scott D Fitzgerald
Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) is classified as a select agent and is capable of causing mortality in humans and a number of veterinary species. Herein, we describe 3 cases of EEE in puppies in Michigan and New York. Two puppies were euthanized following an acute history of seizures and obtundation. A littermate of one of these puppies died 2 wk earlier following a history of anorexia and fever. All 3 puppies lacked significant gross anatomic lesions at autopsy and tested negative for rabies virus...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695601/veterinary-neurology
#9
Caroline N Hahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687940/performance-evaluation-and-validation-of-the-animal-trauma-triage-score-and-modified-glasgow-coma-scale-with-suggested-category-adjustment-in-dogs-a-vetcot-registry-study
#10
Kristian Ash, Galina M Hayes, Robert Goggs, Julia P Sumner
OBJECTIVE: To examine the animal trauma triage (ATT) and modified Glasgow Coma Scale (mGCS) scores as predictors of mortality outcome (death or euthanasia) in injured dogs. DESIGN: Observational cohort study conducted from September 2013 to March 2015 with follow-up until death or hospital discharge. SETTING: Nine veterinary hospitals including private referral and veterinary teaching hospitals. ANIMALS: Consecutive sample of 3,599 dogs with complete data entries recruited into the Veterinary Committee on Trauma patient registry...
May 2018: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684920/comparison-between-hemilaminectomy-with-either-anulectomy-or-partial-discectomy-for-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-protrusion-in-dogs
#11
Abbe H Crawford, Steven De Decker
OBJECTIVES:  The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of dogs undergoing a hemilaminectomy with anulectomy (HA) or a hemilaminectomy with partial discectomy (HPD) for treatment of thoracolumbar intervertebral disc protrusion. METHODS:  Medical records from 2006 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Dogs were included if they had clinical signs and imaging findings consistent with thoracolumbar intervertebral disc protrusion and had undergone surgical treatment with a HA or HPD...
May 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620470/study-of-an-outbreak-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-h5n8-in-commercial-pekin-ducks-anas-platyrhynchos-domesticus-in-california
#12
Simone Stoute, Beate Crossley, H L Shivaprasad
A February 2015 outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in a flock of commercial Pekin ducks ( Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) in California was investigated in detail. Approximately 17,349 five-wk-old ducks experienced an increased mortality from a normal of eight birds per day to 24, 18, 24, 33, and 61 birds per day, respectively, in the last 5 days prior to flock depopulation. Clinically, there was decreased water and feed consumption, and approximately 1.0% of the affected flock exhibited neurologic signs...
March 2018: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552354/juvenile-hyposomatotropism-in-a-somali-cat-presenting-with-seizures-due-to-intermittent-hypoglycaemia
#13
Maya Laura König, Diana Henke, Katja Adamik, Cristina Pérez Vera
Case summary: A 3-month-old intact male Somali cat was evaluated for a history of seizures, hypoglycaemia and mental dullness 4 weeks after being bitten in the head by a dog. The cat's body size and weight were approximately half that of his littermates and its haircoat was woolly, with fewer guard hairs. Multiple hypoglycaemic episodes were documented over a period of 4 weeks, which resolved rapidly after correction of the hypoglycaemia. Juvenile hyposomatotropism was presumptively diagnosed by demonstrating low circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 and after exclusion of other endocrine and non-endocrine causes of small stature and hypoglycaemia...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535293/integrated-analysis-of-human-animal-vector-surveillance-west-nile-virus-infections-in-austria-2015-2016
#14
Jolanta Kolodziejek, Christof Jungbauer, Stephan W Aberle, Franz Allerberger, Zoltán Bagó, Jeremy V Camp, Katharina Dimmel, Phebe de Heus, Michael Kolodziejek, Peter Schiefer, Bernhard Seidel, Karin Stiasny, Norbert Nowotny
The results of integrated human and veterinary surveillance for West Nile virus (WNV) infections in Austria during the transmission seasons 2015 and 2016 are shown. Altogether WNV nucleic acid was detected in 21 humans, horses, wild birds and mosquito pools. In detail: in four human clinical cases [two cases of West Nile fever (WNF) and two cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND)]; eight blood donors [among 145,541 tested donations], of which three remained asymptomatic and five subsequently developed mild WNF; two horses with WNND, of which one recovered and one had to be euthanized; two wild birds [one goshawk and one falcon, both succumbed to WNND]; and five Culex pipiens mosquito pools...
March 14, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517425/investigations-into-causes-of-neurologic-signs-and-mortality-and-the-first-identification-of-sarcocystis-calchasi-in-free-ranging-woodpeckers-in-germany
#15
Luisa Ziegler, Sylvia Lieselotte Parmentier, Dominik Fischer, Julia Heckmann, Robert Klopfleisch, Olivia Kershaw, Ute Ziegler, Hartmud Neurath, Volker Schmidt, Michael Lierz
Between June and November 2015, 25 woodpeckers (Picidae) with neurologic signs or unknown cause of death were admitted to a veterinary clinic. Alive birds were clinically examined. Birds that were found dead or died despite intensive care treatment were forwarded to a pathologic examination. Necropsy and subsequent tests included screening for several infectious agents and toxins. Three birds tested positive for Sarcocystis calchasi. Toxoplasma gondii was detected in one bird demonstrating intracerebral cysts...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505118/reference-intervals-for-the-activity-of-lactate-dehydrogenase-and-its-isoenzymes-in-the-serum-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-healthy-canines
#16
Jennifer H Kopanke, Annie V Chen, Jourdan E Brune, Amanda C Brenna, Stephanie A Thomovsky
BACKGROUND: Lactate dehydrogenase (LD) exists as 5 isoenzymes (LD-1 through LD-5) that are expressed throughout the body and can be detected in both serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). LD and its isoenzymes have been relatively unstudied in veterinary medicine, although studies in human medicine have demonstrated that changes in total LD activity and atypical isoenzyme patterns can indicate disease processes, including neurologic abnormalities. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to establish RIs for LD and its isoenzymes in the serum and CSF of clinically healthy dogs...
March 5, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490674/caudal-lumbar-spinal-cysts-in-two-french-bulldogs
#17
Kiona Sharon de Nies, Ralph Alexander Edwards, Niklas Bergknut, Martijn Beukers, Björn Petrus Meij
BACKGROUND: Spinal cysts are rare findings in veterinary medicine, but they are increasingly recognized due to the availability of advanced imaging techniques. Extradural meningeal cysts in French Bulldogs have not been reported previously and arachnoid cysts (diverticula) have not been reported at the caudal lumbar (L6-L7) region in dogs. CASE PRESENTATION: Two French Bulldogs, aged 5 and 8 years, were referred for evaluation of lower back pain and bilateral hind limb neurological deficits...
March 1, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421491/development-of-a-finite-element-model-of-the-ligamentous-cervical-vertebral-column-of-a-great-dane
#18
Marília de Albuquerque Bonelli, Anoli Shah, Vijay Goel, Fabiano Séllos Costa, Ronaldo Casimiro da Costa
Cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM), also known as wobbler syndrome, affects mainly large and giant-breed dogs, causing compression of the cervical spinal cord and/or nerve roots. Structural and dynamic components seem to play a role in the development of CSM; however, pathogenesis is not yet fully understood. Finite element models have been used for years in human medicine to study the dynamic behavior of structures, but it has been mostly overlooked in veterinary studies. To our knowledge, no specific ligamentous spine models have been developed to investigate naturally occurring canine myelopathies and possible surgical treatments...
January 29, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288239/late-onset-recurrence-of-neurological-deficits-after-surgery-for-spinal-arachnoid-diverticula
#19
Emili Alcoverro, James Fraser McConnell, Daniel Sanchez-Masian, Luisa De Risio, Steven De Decker, Rita Gonçalves
Spinal cord dysfunction secondary to spinal arachnoid diverticula (SAD) has been widely reported in the veterinary literature and there is some suggestion that surgical treatment may provide better outcomes than medical treatment. Despite this, previous reports have mentioned cases with recurrence of clinical signs following surgical treatment but the cause for this has not been further investigated. The medical records of seven dogs and one cat which presented for investigation of recurrence of neurological deficits at least six months after surgery for SAD were retrospectively reviewed...
March 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251394/optic-neuritis-in-dogs-96-cases-1983-2016
#20
Sara M Smith, Hans D Westermeyer, Christopher L Mariani, Brian C Gilger, Michael G Davidson
OBJECTIVE: To characterize ocular and neurologic findings, causes, and treatment outcomes of dogs with optic neuritis. PROCEDURE: Medical records from dogs with a diagnosis of optic neuritis at North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Hospital between 1983 and 2016 were reviewed. RESULTS: Ninety-six cases (20 unilateral, 76 bilateral), comprised of 38 males and 58 females with a mean age of 6.1 ± 3.0 years (range 0...
December 18, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
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