keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

veterinary neurology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209506/border-terriers-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-england-demography-and-disorders
#1
Dan G O'Neill, Elisabeth C Darwent, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
Background: The Border Terrier is a working terrier type that is generally considered to be a relatively healthy and hardy breed. This study aimed to characterise the demography and common disorders of Border Terriers receiving veterinary care in England using de-identified electronic patient record data within the VetCompass™ Programme. Results: Annual birth proportion for Border Terriers showed a decreasing trend from 1.46% in 2005 to 0.78% in 2014. The median adult bodyweight for males (10...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205375/comparison-of-direct-in-house-cerebrospinal-fluid-cytology-with-commercial-pathology-results-in-dogs
#2
P L Newton, D R Fry, M P Best
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correspondence between in-house direct cytological assessment of cerebrospinal fluid and results from a commercial veterinary pathology laboratory. METHODS: Prospective inclusion of samples from dogs that were presented for investigation of suspected neurological disease and had cerebrospinal fluid samples submitted to a commercial pathology laboratory for analysis. A board-certified veterinary pathologist assessed all cerebrospinal fluid samples, and a line smear was assessed in-house by two observers...
December 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144407/the-effects-of-various-weather-conditions-as-a-potential-ischemic-stroke-trigger-in-dogs
#3
Kristy L Meadows, Gena M Silver
Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States, and is the leading cause of serious, long-term disability worldwide. There are at least 795,000 new or recurrent strokes each year, and approximately 85% of all stroke occurrences are ischemic. Unfortunately, companion animals are also at risk for ischemic stroke. Although the exact incidence of ischemic stroke in companion animals is unknown, some studies, and the veterinary information network (VIN), report that approximately 3% of neurological case referrals are due to a stroke...
November 16, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141638/diffusion-weighted-imaging-of-the-brains-of-dogs-with-idiopathic-epilepsy
#4
Antje Hartmann, Steffen Sager, Klaus Failing, Marion Sparenberg, Martin J Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders in dogs. Unfortunately, up to 30% of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy show no improvement under antiepileptic drug treatment. Diffusion-weighted imaging is used in human medicine to identify epileptogenic foci in the brain to allow for more invasive treatments such as deep brain stimulation or surgical removal. The aim of this study was to ass the feasibility of interictal diffusion-weighted MRI in dogs and to evaluate the distribution of diffusion in the brains of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy (IE) and to compare these values to previously published values from healthy beagle dogs...
November 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138745/spontaneous-nervous-system-concussion-in-dogs-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-terminology-in-veterinary-medicine
#5
Angelo Pasquale Giannuzzi, Antonio De Simone, Mario Ricciardi
In human medicine, central nervous system (CNS) concussion is defined as a transient neurological dysfunction following a traumatic event, without evidence of structural abnormalities of the affected region on advanced diagnostic imaging. Depending on the anatomical region involved, three forms of concussive syndromes are described: brain concussion, spinal concussion and cerebellar concussion. Although major textbooks of veterinary neurology admit the existence of canine brain concussion, spontaneous cases of this pathological condition have not been reported in small animals so far...
2017: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124901/raccoon-roundworm-baylisascaris-procyonis-as-an-occupational-hazard-1-knowledge-of-b-%C3%A2-procyonis-and-attitudes-towards-it-and-other-zoonoses-among-wildlife-rehabilitators
#6
S G H Sapp, B A Murray, E R Hoover, G T Green, M J Yabsley
Wildlife rehabilitators are at risk of zoonotic diseases because they often have prolonged contact with many species of wildlife and their bodily fluids. Raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis) is a common zoonotic parasite of raccoons that has the potential to cause severe or fatal neurologic disease in a broad variety of hosts if the eggs within raccoon faeces are ingested. We administered an online survey to wildlife rehabilitators to assess their knowledge regarding aspects of transmission, biology and disease caused by B...
November 10, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098931/ante-mortem-detection-of-chronic-wasting-disease-in-recto-anal-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissues-from-elk-cervus-elaphus-nelsoni-using-real-time-quaking-induced-conversion-rt-quic-assay-a-blinded-collaborative-study
#7
Sireesha Manne, Naveen Kondru, Tracy Nichols, Aaron Lehmkuhl, Bruce Thomsen, Rodger Main, Patrick Halbur, Somak Dutta, Anumantha G Kanthasamy
Prion diseases are transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) characterized by fatal, progressive neurologic diseases with prolonged incubation periods and an accumulation of infectious misfolded prion proteins. Antemortem diagnosis is often difficult due to a long asymptomatic incubation period, differences in the pathogenesis of different prions, and the presence of very low levels of infectious prion in easily accessible samples. Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a TSE affecting both wild and captive populations of cervids, including mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, moose, muntjac, and most recently, wild reindeer...
November 3, 2017: Prion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037432/acupuncture-for-small-animal-neurological-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Patrick Roynard, Lauren Frank, Huisheng Xie, Margaret Fowler
Modern research on traditional Chinese veterinary medicine (TCVM), including herbal medicine and acupuncture, has made evident the role of the nervous system as a cornerstone in many of the mechanisms of action of TCVM. Laboratory models and clinical research available are supportive for the use of TCVM in the management of neurologic conditions in small animals, specifically in cases of intervertebral disk disease, other myelopathies, and painful conditions. This article is meant to help guide the use of TCVM for neurologic disorders in small animals, based on available information and recommendations from experienced TCVM practitioners...
October 13, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964546/three-dimensional-printing-role-in-neurologic-disease
#9
REVIEW
Adrien-Maxence Hespel
Three-dimensional printing has evolved dramatically in recent years and is now available for clinical use. Technical operations of 2 of the most common rapid prototyping processes (stereolithography and fused deposition modeling) and the steps involved in the creation of a prototype are discussed. Current applications in human neurosurgery including presurgical planning and educational opportunities are reviewed before focusing on the current applications in veterinary neurology.
September 27, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955476/periaortic-lymphoma-in-a-cat
#10
Laura Bree, Chiara Bergamino, Ronan Mullins, Pamela Kelly, Robert Shiel
CASE SUMMARY: A 14-year-old neutered male Siamese cat was presented with a 3 month history of lethargy, inappetence, dehydration, hindlimb ataxia and intermittent proprioceptive deficits in the hindlimbs. Physical examination revealed low body condition score (1.75/5), pallor and bilateral basilar grade II/VI systolic heart murmur. Neurological examination revealed hindlimb ataxia, severe atrophy of the hindlimb musculature, intermittent hindlimb proprioceptive deficits and normoreflexia...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892422/clinicopathologic-and-microbiologic-findings-associated-with-emphysematous-cystitis-in-27-dogs
#11
Lindsay Kate Merkel, Jody Lulich, David Polzin, Christopher Ober, Jodi Westropp, Jane Sykes
This is a retrospective case series of 27 dogs with emphysematous cystitis. Medical records from two veterinary teaching hospitals from 1992 to 2014 were reviewed. The aims of the study were to determine imaging findings, common underlying disease processes, and prevalent bacterial species and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in dogs with emphysematous cystitis. The most common lower urinary tract sign was hematuria. Gas was detected in the wall and lumen of the urinary bladder in 14 of 27 dogs (51...
November 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887894/interobserver-variation-in-the-diagnosis-of-neurologic-abnormalities-in-the-horse
#12
W J A Saville, S M Reed, J P Dubey, D E Granstrom, P S Morley, K W Hinchcliff, C W Kohn, T E Wittum, J D Workman
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) relies heavily on the clinical examination. The accurate identification of neurologic signs during a clinical examination is critical to the interpretation of laboratory results. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of agreement between board-certified veterinary internists when performing neurologic examinations in horses. ANIMALS: Ninety-seven horses admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at The Ohio State University from December 1997 to June 1998...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875534/postmortem-dti-reveals-altered-hippocampal-connectivity-in-wild-sea-lions-diagnosed-with-chronic-toxicosis-from-algal-exposure
#13
Peter F Cook, Gregory S Berns, Kathleen Colegrove, Shawn Johnson, Frances Gulland
Hundreds of wild California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) exposed to the algal neurotoxin domoic acid are treated in veterinary rehabilitation centers each year. Common chronic effects of toxic exposure in these animals are seizures and hippocampal damage, and they have been proposed as a natural animal model for human epilepsy. Humans with medial temporal lobe epilepsy present with white matter pathology in a number of tracts including the fornix and increased structural connectivity between the hippocampus and thalamus...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873445/deleterious-effect-of-usutu-virus-on-human-neural-cells
#14
Sara Salinas, Orianne Constant, Caroline Desmetz, Jonathan Barthelemy, Jean-Marc Lemaitre, Ollivier Milhavet, Nicolas Nagot, Vincent Foulongne, Florence E Perrin, Juan-Carlos Saiz, Sylvie Lecollinet, Philippe Van de Perre, Yannick Simonin
In the last decade, the number of emerging Flaviviruses described worldwide has increased considerably. Among them Zika virus (ZIKV) and Usutu virus (USUV) are African mosquito-borne viruses that recently emerged. Recently, ZIKV has been intensely studied due to major outbreaks associated with neonatal death and birth defects, as well as neurological symptoms. USUV pathogenesis remains largely unexplored, despite significant human and veterinary associated disorders. Circulation of USUV in Africa was documented more than 50 years ago, and it emerged in Europe two decades ago, causing massive bird mortality...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872596/survey-of-veterinarians-using-a-novel-physical-compression-squeeze-procedure-in-the-management-of-neonatal-maladjustment-syndrome-in-foals
#15
Monica Aleman, Kalie M Weich, John E Madigan
Horses are a precocious species that must accomplish several milestones that are critical to survival in the immediate post-birth period for their survival. One essential milestone is the successful transition from the intrauterine unconsciousness to an extrauterine state of consciousness or awareness. This transition involves a complex withdrawal of consciousness inhibitors and an increase in neuroactivating factors that support awareness. This process involves neuroactive hormones as well as inputs related to factors such as cold, visual, olfactory, and auditory stimuli...
September 5, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836840/computed-tomographic-findings-in-dogs-with-head-trauma-and-development-of-a-novel-prognostic-computed-tomography-based-scoring-system
#16
Orit Chai, Dana Peery, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Efrat Moscovich, Efrat Kelmer, Sigal Klainbart, Joshua Milgram, Merav H Shamir
OBJECTIVE To characterize CT findings and outcomes in dogs with head trauma and design a prognostic scale. ANIMALS 27 dogs admitted to the Koret School Veterinary Teaching Hospital within 72 hours after traumatic head injury that underwent CT imaging of the head. PROCEDURES Data were extracted from medical records regarding dog signalment, history, physical and neurologic examination findings, and modified Glasgow coma scale scores. All CT images were retrospectively evaluated by a radiologist unaware of dog status...
September 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830430/tick-borne-encephalitis-in-a-naturally-infected-sheep
#17
Brigitte Böhm, Benjamin Schade, Benjamin Bauer, Bernd Hoffmann, Donata Hoffmann, Ute Ziegler, Martin Beer, Christine Klaus, Herbert Weissenböck, Jens Böttcher
BACKGROUND: Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is the most important viral tick borne zoonosis in Europe. In Germany, about 250 human cases are registered annually, with the highest incidence reported in the last years coming from the federal states Bavaria and Baden-Wuerttemberg. In veterinary medicine, only sporadic cases in wild and domestic animals have been reported; however, a high number of wild and domestic animals have tested positive for the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) antibody...
August 22, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822691/fatal-meningitis-in-swine-after-intrathecal-administration-of-adeno-associated-virus-expressing-syngeneic-interleukin-10
#18
Mark D Unger, Josef Pleticha, James E Collins, Anibal G Armien, Jennifer L Brazzell, Laura K Newman, Lukas F Heilmann, Jodi A Scholz, Timothy P Maus, Andreas S Beutler
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) delivered by intrathecal (i.t.) gene vectors is a candidate investigational new drug (IND) for several chronic neurological disorders such as neuropathic pain. We performed a preclinical safety study of IL-10. A syngeneic large animal model was used delivering porcine IL-10 (pIL-10) to the i.t. space in swine by adeno-associated virus serotype 8 (AAV8), a gene vector that was previously found to be nontoxic in the i.t. space. Unexpectedly, animals became ill, developing ataxia, seizures, and an inability to feed and drink, and required euthanasia...
November 1, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817693/clinical-signs-profound-acidemia-hypoglycemia-and-hypernatremia-are-predictive-of-mortality-in-1-400-critically-ill-neonatal-calves-with-diarrhea
#19
Florian M Trefz, Ingrid Lorenz, Annette Lorch, Peter D Constable
Profound acidemia impairs cellular and organ function and consequently should be associated with an increased risk of mortality in critically ill humans and animals. Neonatal diarrhea in calves can result in potentially serious metabolic derangements including profound acidemia due to strong ion (metabolic) acidosis, hyper-D-lactatemia, hyper-L-lactatemia, azotemia, hypoglycemia, hyperkalemia and hyponatremia. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the prognostic relevance of clinical and laboratory findings in 1,400 critically ill neonatal calves with diarrhea admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738538/diosmin-improved-cognitive-deficit-and-amplified-brain-electrical-activity-in-the-rat-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Mohammad Ali Mirshekar, Hamed Fanaei, Fereshteh Keikhaei, Fatemeh Sargolzaee Javan
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the main causes of intellectual and cognitive disabilities in humans. Clinically, it is essential to limit the progress of cognitive impairment after TBI. It is reported that diosmin has a neuroprotective effect that can limit the progress of the impairment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of diosmin on neurological score, memory, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) level and long-term potentiation in hippocampal dentate gyrus after the injury...
September 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
keyword
keyword
38395
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"