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veterinary neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620470/study-of-an-outbreak-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-h5n8-in-commercial-pekin-ducks-anas-platyrhynchos-domesticus-in-california
#1
Simone Stoute, Beate Crossley, H L Shivaprasad
A February 2015 outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in a flock of commercial Pekin ducks ( Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) in California was investigated in detail. Approximately 17,349 five-wk-old ducks experienced an increased mortality from a normal of eight birds per day to 24, 18, 24, 33, and 61 birds per day, respectively, in the last 5 days prior to flock depopulation. Clinically, there was decreased water and feed consumption, and approximately 1.0% of the affected flock exhibited neurologic signs...
March 2018: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552354/juvenile-hyposomatotropism-in-a-somali-cat-presenting-with-seizures-due-to-intermittent-hypoglycaemia
#2
Maya Laura König, Diana Henke, Katja Adamik, Cristina Pérez Vera
Case summary: A 3-month-old intact male Somali cat was evaluated for a history of seizures, hypoglycaemia and mental dullness 4 weeks after being bitten in the head by a dog. The cat's body size and weight were approximately half that of his littermates and its haircoat was woolly, with fewer guard hairs. Multiple hypoglycaemic episodes were documented over a period of 4 weeks, which resolved rapidly after correction of the hypoglycaemia. Juvenile hyposomatotropism was presumptively diagnosed by demonstrating low circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 and after exclusion of other endocrine and non-endocrine causes of small stature and hypoglycaemia...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535293/integrated-analysis-of-human-animal-vector-surveillance-west-nile-virus-infections-in-austria-2015-2016
#3
Jolanta Kolodziejek, Christof Jungbauer, Stephan W Aberle, Franz Allerberger, Zoltán Bagó, Jeremy V Camp, Katharina Dimmel, Phebe de Heus, Michael Kolodziejek, Peter Schiefer, Bernhard Seidel, Karin Stiasny, Norbert Nowotny
The results of integrated human and veterinary surveillance for West Nile virus (WNV) infections in Austria during the transmission seasons 2015 and 2016 are shown. Altogether WNV nucleic acid was detected in 21 humans, horses, wild birds and mosquito pools. In detail: in four human clinical cases [two cases of West Nile fever (WNF) and two cases of West Nile neuroinvasive disease (WNND)]; eight blood donors [among 145,541 tested donations], of which three remained asymptomatic and five subsequently developed mild WNF; two horses with WNND, of which one recovered and one had to be euthanized; two wild birds [one goshawk and one falcon, both succumbed to WNND]; and five Culex pipiens mosquito pools...
March 14, 2018: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517425/investigations-into-causes-of-neurologic-signs-and-mortality-and-the-first-identification-of-sarcocystis-calchasi-in-free-ranging-woodpeckers-in-germany
#4
Luisa Ziegler, Sylvia Lieselotte Parmentier, Dominik Fischer, Julia Heckmann, Robert Klopfleisch, Olivia Kershaw, Ute Ziegler, Hartmud Neurath, Volker Schmidt, Michael Lierz
Between June and November 2015, 25 woodpeckers (Picidae) with neurologic signs or unknown cause of death were admitted to a veterinary clinic. Alive birds were clinically examined. Birds that were found dead or died despite intensive care treatment were forwarded to a pathologic examination. Necropsy and subsequent tests included screening for several infectious agents and toxins. Three birds tested positive for Sarcocystis calchasi. Toxoplasma gondii was detected in one bird demonstrating intracerebral cysts...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505118/reference-intervals-for-the-activity-of-lactate-dehydrogenase-and-its-isoenzymes-in-the-serum-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-healthy-canines
#5
Jennifer H Kopanke, Annie V Chen, Jourdan E Brune, Amanda C Brenna, Stephanie A Thomovsky
BACKGROUND: Lactate dehydrogenase (LD) exists as 5 isoenzymes (LD-1 through LD-5) that are expressed throughout the body and can be detected in both serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). LD and its isoenzymes have been relatively unstudied in veterinary medicine, although studies in human medicine have demonstrated that changes in total LD activity and atypical isoenzyme patterns can indicate disease processes, including neurologic abnormalities. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to establish RIs for LD and its isoenzymes in the serum and CSF of clinically healthy dogs...
March 5, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490674/caudal-lumbar-spinal-cysts-in-two-french-bulldogs
#6
Kiona Sharon de Nies, Ralph Alexander Edwards, Niklas Bergknut, Martijn Beukers, Björn Petrus Meij
BACKGROUND: Spinal cysts are rare findings in veterinary medicine, but they are increasingly recognized due to the availability of advanced imaging techniques. Extradural meningeal cysts in French Bulldogs have not been reported previously and arachnoid cysts (diverticula) have not been reported at the caudal lumbar (L6-L7) region in dogs. CASE PRESENTATION: Two French Bulldogs, aged 5 and 8 years, were referred for evaluation of lower back pain and bilateral hind limb neurological deficits...
March 1, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421491/development-of-a-finite-element-model-of-the-ligamentous-cervical-vertebral-column-of-a-great-dane
#7
Marília de Albuquerque Bonelli, Anoli Shah, Vijay Goel, Fabiano Séllos Costa, Ronaldo Casimiro da Costa
Cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM), also known as wobbler syndrome, affects mainly large and giant-breed dogs, causing compression of the cervical spinal cord and/or nerve roots. Structural and dynamic components seem to play a role in the development of CSM; however, pathogenesis is not yet fully understood. Finite element models have been used for years in human medicine to study the dynamic behavior of structures, but it has been mostly overlooked in veterinary studies. To our knowledge, no specific ligamentous spine models have been developed to investigate naturally occurring canine myelopathies and possible surgical treatments...
January 29, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288239/late-onset-recurrence-of-neurological-deficits-after-surgery-for-spinal-arachnoid-diverticula
#8
Emili Alcoverro, James Fraser McConnell, Daniel Sanchez-Masian, Luisa De Risio, Steven De Decker, Rita Gonçalves
Spinal cord dysfunction secondary to spinal arachnoid diverticula (SAD) has been widely reported in the veterinary literature and there is some suggestion that surgical treatment may provide better outcomes than medical treatment. Despite this, previous reports have mentioned cases with recurrence of clinical signs following surgical treatment but the cause for this has not been further investigated. The medical records of seven dogs and one cat which presented for investigation of recurrence of neurological deficits at least six months after surgery for SAD were retrospectively reviewed...
March 31, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251394/optic-neuritis-in-dogs-96-cases-1983-2016
#9
Sara M Smith, Hans D Westermeyer, Christopher L Mariani, Brian C Gilger, Michael G Davidson
OBJECTIVE: To characterize ocular and neurologic findings, causes, and treatment outcomes of dogs with optic neuritis. PROCEDURE: Medical records from dogs with a diagnosis of optic neuritis at North Carolina State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Hospital between 1983 and 2016 were reviewed. RESULTS: Ninety-six cases (20 unilateral, 76 bilateral), comprised of 38 males and 58 females with a mean age of 6.1 ± 3.0 years (range 0...
December 18, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209506/border-terriers-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-england-demography-and-disorders
#10
Dan G O'Neill, Elisabeth C Darwent, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
Background: The Border Terrier is a working terrier type that is generally considered to be a relatively healthy and hardy breed. This study aimed to characterise the demography and common disorders of Border Terriers receiving veterinary care in England using de-identified electronic patient record data within the VetCompass™ Programme. Results: Annual birth proportion for Border Terriers showed a decreasing trend from 1.46% in 2005 to 0.78% in 2014. The median adult bodyweight for males (10...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205375/comparison-of-direct-in-house-cerebrospinal-fluid-cytology-with-commercial-pathology-results-in-dogs
#11
P L Newton, D R Fry, M P Best
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correspondence between in-house direct cytological assessment of cerebrospinal fluid and results from a commercial veterinary pathology laboratory. METHODS: Prospective inclusion of samples from dogs that were presented for investigation of suspected neurological disease and had cerebrospinal fluid samples submitted to a commercial pathology laboratory for analysis. A board-certified veterinary pathologist assessed all cerebrospinal fluid samples, and a line smear was assessed in-house by two observers...
December 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144407/the-effects-of-various-weather-conditions-as-a-potential-ischemic-stroke-trigger-in-dogs
#12
Kristy L Meadows, Gena M Silver
Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States, and is the leading cause of serious, long-term disability worldwide. There are at least 795,000 new or recurrent strokes each year, and approximately 85% of all stroke occurrences are ischemic. Unfortunately, companion animals are also at risk for ischemic stroke. Although the exact incidence of ischemic stroke in companion animals is unknown, some studies, and the veterinary information network (VIN), report that approximately 3% of neurological case referrals are due to a stroke...
November 16, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141638/diffusion-weighted-imaging-of-the-brains-of-dogs-with-idiopathic-epilepsy
#13
Antje Hartmann, Steffen Sager, Klaus Failing, Marion Sparenberg, Martin J Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders in dogs. Unfortunately, up to 30% of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy show no improvement under antiepileptic drug treatment. Diffusion-weighted imaging is used in human medicine to identify epileptogenic foci in the brain to allow for more invasive treatments such as deep brain stimulation or surgical removal. The aim of this study was to ass the feasibility of interictal diffusion-weighted MRI in dogs and to evaluate the distribution of diffusion in the brains of dogs with idiopathic epilepsy (IE) and to compare these values to previously published values from healthy beagle dogs...
November 15, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138745/spontaneous-nervous-system-concussion-in-dogs-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-terminology-in-veterinary-medicine
#14
Angelo Pasquale Giannuzzi, Antonio De Simone, Mario Ricciardi
In human medicine, central nervous system (CNS) concussion is defined as a transient neurological dysfunction following a traumatic event, without evidence of structural abnormalities of the affected region on advanced diagnostic imaging. Depending on the anatomical region involved, three forms of concussive syndromes are described: brain concussion, spinal concussion and cerebellar concussion. Although major textbooks of veterinary neurology admit the existence of canine brain concussion, spontaneous cases of this pathological condition have not been reported in small animals so far...
2017: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124901/raccoon-roundworm-baylisascaris-procyonis-as-an-occupational-hazard-1-knowledge-of-b-procyonis-and-attitudes-towards-it-and-other-zoonoses-among-wildlife-rehabilitators
#15
S G H Sapp, B A Murray, E R Hoover, G T Green, M J Yabsley
Wildlife rehabilitators are at risk of zoonotic diseases because they often have prolonged contact with many species of wildlife and their bodily fluids. Raccoon roundworm (Baylisascaris procyonis) is a common zoonotic parasite of raccoons that has the potential to cause severe or fatal neurologic disease in a broad variety of hosts if the eggs within raccoon faeces are ingested. We administered an online survey to wildlife rehabilitators to assess their knowledge regarding aspects of transmission, biology and disease caused by B...
February 2018: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098931/ante-mortem-detection-of-chronic-wasting-disease-in-recto-anal-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissues-from-elk-cervus-elaphus-nelsoni-using-real-time-quaking-induced-conversion-rt-quic-assay-a-blinded-collaborative-study
#16
Sireesha Manne, Naveen Kondru, Tracy Nichols, Aaron Lehmkuhl, Bruce Thomsen, Rodger Main, Patrick Halbur, Somak Dutta, Anumantha G Kanthasamy
Prion diseases are transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) characterized by fatal, progressive neurologic diseases with prolonged incubation periods and an accumulation of infectious misfolded prion proteins. Antemortem diagnosis is often difficult due to a long asymptomatic incubation period, differences in the pathogenesis of different prions, and the presence of very low levels of infectious prion in easily accessible samples. Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a TSE affecting both wild and captive populations of cervids, including mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, moose, muntjac, and most recently, wild reindeer...
November 2, 2017: Prion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037432/acupuncture-for-small-animal-neurologic-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Patrick Roynard, Lauren Frank, Huisheng Xie, Margaret Fowler
Modern research on traditional Chinese veterinary medicine (TCVM), including herbal medicine and acupuncture, has made evident the role of the nervous system as a cornerstone in many of the mechanisms of action of TCVM. Laboratory models and clinical research available are supportive for the use of TCVM in the management of neurologic conditions in small animals, specifically in cases of intervertebral disk disease, other myelopathies, and painful conditions. This article is meant to help guide the use of TCVM for neurologic disorders in small animals, based on available information and recommendations from experienced TCVM practitioners...
January 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964546/three-dimensional-printing-role-in-neurologic-disease
#18
REVIEW
Adrien-Maxence Hespel
Three-dimensional printing has evolved dramatically in recent years and is now available for clinical use. Technical operations of 2 of the most common rapid prototyping processes (stereolithography and fused deposition modeling) and the steps involved in the creation of a prototype are discussed. Current applications in human neurosurgery including presurgical planning and educational opportunities are reviewed before focusing on the current applications in veterinary neurology.
January 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955476/periaortic-lymphoma-in-a-cat
#19
Laura Bree, Chiara Bergamino, Ronan Mullins, Pamela Kelly, Robert Shiel
CASE SUMMARY: A 14-year-old neutered male Siamese cat was presented with a 3 month history of lethargy, inappetence, dehydration, hindlimb ataxia and intermittent proprioceptive deficits in the hindlimbs. Physical examination revealed low body condition score (1.75/5), pallor and bilateral basilar grade II/VI systolic heart murmur. Neurological examination revealed hindlimb ataxia, severe atrophy of the hindlimb musculature, intermittent hindlimb proprioceptive deficits and normoreflexia...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892422/clinicopathologic-and-microbiologic-findings-associated-with-emphysematous-cystitis-in-27-dogs
#20
Lindsay Kate Merkel, Jody Lulich, David Polzin, Christopher Ober, Jodi Westropp, Jane Sykes
This is a retrospective case series of 27 dogs with emphysematous cystitis. Medical records from two veterinary teaching hospitals from 1992 to 2014 were reviewed. The aims of the study were to determine imaging findings, common underlying disease processes, and prevalent bacterial species and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in dogs with emphysematous cystitis. The most common lower urinary tract sign was hematuria. Gas was detected in the wall and lumen of the urinary bladder in 14 of 27 dogs (51...
November 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
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