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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327868/resveratrol-treatment-normalizes-the-endothelial-function-and-blood-pressure-in-ovariectomized-rats
#1
Victor Fabricio, Jorge Camargo Oishi, Bruna Gabriele Biffe, Leandro Dias Gonçalves Ruffoni, Karina Ana da Silva, Keico Okino Nonaka, Gerson Jhonatan Rodrigues
Background: Despite knowing that resveratrol has effects on blood vessels, blood pressure and that phytostrogens can also improve the endothelium-dependent relaxation/vasodilation, there are no reports of reveratrol's direct effect on the endothelial function and blood pressure of animals with estrogen deficit (mimicking post-menopausal increased blood pressure). Objective: To verify the effect of two different periods of preventive treatment with resveratrol on blood pressure and endothelial function in ovariectomized young adult rats...
February 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301036/factors-associated-with-poor-sleep-quality-in-women-with-cancer
#2
Thalyta Cristina Mansano-Schlosser, Maria Filomena Ceolim
Objectives: to analyze the factors associated with poor sleep quality, its characteristics and components in women with breast cancer prior to surgery for removing the tumor and throughout the follow-up. Method: longitudinal study in a teaching hospital, with a sample of 102 women. The following were used: a questionnaire for sociodemographic and clinical characterization, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; the Beck Depression Inventory; and the Herth Hope Scale...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301033/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-produced-by-electrocautery-smoke-and-the-use-of-personal-protective-equipment-1
#3
Caroline Vieira Claudio, Renata Perfeito Ribeiro, Júlia Trevisan Martins, Maria Helena Palucci Marziale, Maria Cristina Solci, José Carlos Dalmas
Objective: analyze the concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in electrocautery smoke in operating rooms and the use of personal protective equipment by the intraoperative team when exposed to hydrocarbons. Method: exploratory and cross-sectional field research conducted in a surgery center. Gases were collected by a vacuum suction pump from a sample of 50 abdominal surgeries in which an electrocautery was used. A form was applied to identify the use of personal protective equipment...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273198/effects-and-mechanisms-of-radiofrequency-ablation-of-renal-sympathetic-nerve-on-anti-hypertension-in-canine
#4
Wei Chen, Xiaohong Tang, Xiaofang Yang, Chunyan Weng, Kan Yang, Juan Wen, Hong Liu, Yang Wu
Background: Radiofrequency ablation of renal sympathetic nerve (RDN) shows effective BP reduction in hypertensive patients while the specific mechanisms remain unclear. Objective: We hypothesized that abnormal levels of norepinephrine (NE) and changes in NE-related enzymes and angiotensinconverting enzyme 2 (ACE2), angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) and Mas receptor mediate the anti-hypertensive effects of RDN. Methods: Mean values of systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were assessed at baseline and follow-up...
March 6, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198962/myocardial-revascularization-factors-intervening-in-the-reference-and-counter-reference-in-primary-health-care
#5
Kamylla Santos da Cunha, Giovana Dorneles Callegaro Higashi, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann, Carolina Kahl, Cintia Koerich, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the factors that influence the reference and counter-reference process of people indicated/submitted to Myocardial Revascularization surgery in the Primary Health Care scenario. METHOD: A qualitative research anchored in the Grounded Theory, totaling 41 participants subdivided into three groups (patients, health professionals and managers) in the Metropolitan and West Region of Santa Catarina. RESULTS: Two categories elucidate the intervening factors found, contrasting the potentialities and obstacles in (creating) the bond between people affected by cardiovascular diseases and primary health care for the reference process, highlighting weaknesses in the primary health care services provided, with failures in the counter-reference for people submitted to myocardial revascularization surgery...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198959/intraoperative-body-temperature-control-esophageal-thermometer-versus-infrared-tympanic-thermometer
#6
Vanessa de Brito Poveda, Ariane de Souza Nascimento
OBJECTIVE: To verify the correlation between temperature measurements performed using an infrared tympanic thermometer and an esophageal thermometer during the intraoperative period. METHOD: A longitudinal study of repeated measures was performed including subjects aged 18 years or older undergoing elective oncologic surgery of the digestive system, with anesthesia duration of at least 1 hour. Temperature measurements were performed simultaneously by a calibrated esophageal thermometer and by a calibrated infrared tympanic thermometer, with laboratory reading precision of ±0...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117476/an-initial-experience-with-a-digital-drainage-system-during-the-postoperative-period-of-pediatric-thoracic-surgery
#7
Altair da Silva Costa, Thiago Bachichi, Caio Holanda, Luiz Augusto Lucas Martins De Rizzo
Objective: To report an initial experience with a digital drainage system during the postoperative period of pediatric thoracic surgery. Methods: This was a prospective observational study involving consecutive patients, ≤ 14 years of age, treated at a pediatric thoracic surgery outpatient clinic, for whom pulmonary resection (lobectomy or segmentectomy via muscle-sparing thoracotomy) was indicated. The parameters evaluated were air leak (as quantified with the digital system), biosafety, duration of drainage, length of hospital stay, and complications...
November 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076610/intraoperative-near-infrared-fluorescent-imaging-during-robotic-operations
#8
Antonio Luiz de Vasconcellos Macedo, Vladimir Schraibman
The intraoperative identification of certain anatomical structures because they are small or visually occult may be challenging. The development of minimally invasive surgery brought additional difficulties to identify these structures due to the lack of complete tactile sensitivity. A number of different forms of intraoperative mapping have been tried. Recently, the near-infrared fluorescence imaging technology with indocyanine green has been added to robotic platforms. In addition, this technology has been tested in several types of operations, and has advantages such as safety, low cost and good results...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076601/retrospective-analysis-of-a-case-series-of-patients-with-traumatic-injuries-to-the-craniocervical-junction
#9
Luiz Adriano Esteves, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Helder Tedeschi
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between the treatment, the characteristics of the lesions and the clinical outcome of patients with traumatic injuries to the craniocervical junction. Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients treated conservatively or surgically between 2010 and 2013 with complete data sets. Results: We analyzed 37 patients, 73% were men with mean age of 41.7 years. Of these, 32% were submitted to initial surgical treatment and 68% received conservative treatment...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076594/predictive-factors-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#10
Cynthia de Oliveira Folla, Cinthia Cristina de Santana Melo, Rita de Cassia Gengo E Silva
Objective: To analyze predictive demographic and perioperative variables of postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients who underwent exclusively coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort. We randomly selected 105 medical records of patients who underwent exclusively coronary artery bypass grafting in 2014. Demographic, clinical (preoperative and immediate postoperative) data and related with surgical procedure were collected from medical records...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076592/assessment-of-laparoscopic-skills-of-gynecology-and-obstetrics-residents-after-a-training-program
#11
Carla Ferreira Kikuchi Fernandes, José Maria Cordeiro Ruano, Lea Mina Kati, Alberto Sinhiti Noguti, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori
Objective: To evaluate laparoscopic skills of third-year Gynecology and Obstetrics residents after training at a training and surgical experimentation center. Methods: Use of a prospective questionnaire analyzing demographic data, medical residency, skills, competences, and training in a box trainer and in pigs. Results: After the training, there was significant improvement in laparoscopic skills according to the residents (before 1.3/after 2...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076489/robotic-surgery-bioethical-aspects
#12
REVIEW
Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista, Camila Ribeiro Souza, Polyana Mendes Maia, Sávio Lana Siqueira
Introduction: The use of robots in surgery has been increasingly common today, allowing the emergence of numerous bioethical issues in this area. Objective: To present review of the ethical aspects of robot use in surgery. Method: Search in Pubmed, SciELO and Lilacs crossing the headings "bioethics", "surgery", "ethics", "laparoscopy" and "robotic". Results: Of the citations obtained, were selected 17 articles, which were used for the preparation of the article...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076485/glp-2-a-poorly-understood-mediator-enrolled-in-various-bariatric-metabolic-surgery-related-pathophysiologic-mechanisms
#13
REVIEW
Everton Cazzo, Martinho Antonio Gestic, Murillo Pimentel Utrini, Felipe David Mendonça Chaim, Bruno Geloneze, José Carlos Pareja, Elinton Adami Chaim, Daniéla Oliveira Magro
Introduction: Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) is a gastrointestinal hormone whose effects are predominantly trophic on the intestinal mucosa. Aim: Critically evaluate the current literature on the influence of bariatric/metabolic surgery on the levels of GLP-2 and its potential clinical implications. Method: s: Narrative review through online research on the databases Medline and Lilacs. There were six prospective human studies, two cross-sectional human studies, and three experimental animal studies selected...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076482/correlation-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-features-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-morbidly-obese-patients-in-the-preoperative-assessment-for-bariatric-surgery
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fernando de Barros, Sergio Setúbal, José Manoel Martinho, Loraine Ferraz, Andressa Gaudêncio
Background: Obesity is an epidemic and chronic disease that can bring other comorbidities to the patient. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is present in up to 90% of these patients and can progress to hepatitis and hepatocarcinoma. The relationship of this liver disease and obesity is already well known; however, it is possible that some parameters of the comorbidities are more related than others in the pathophysiology of the disease. Aim: Was analyzed the relationship between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the comorbidities of metabolic syndrome in morbidly obese patients...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076481/correlation-between-pre-and-postoperative-levels-of-glp-1-glp-2-and-weight-loss-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-prospective-study
#15
Everton Cazzo, Martinho Antonio Gestic, Murillo Pimentel Utrini, José Carlos Pareja, Elinton Adami Chaim, Bruno Geloneze, Maria Rita Lazzarini Barreto, Daniéla Oliveira Magro
Background: The role of gut hormones in glucose homeostasis and weight loss achievement and maintenance after bariatric surgery appears to be a key point in the understanding of the beneficial effects observed following these procedures. Aim: To determine whether there is a correlation between the pre and postoperative levels of both GLP-1 and GLP-2 and the excess weight loss after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Methods: An exploratory prospective study which enrolled 11 individuals who underwent RYGB and were followed-up for 12 months...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992027/music-listening-for-anxiety-relief-in-children-in-the-preoperative-period-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Mariana André Honorato Franzoi, Cristina Bretas Goulart, Elizabete Oliveira Lara, Gisele Martins
Objective: to investigate the effects of music listening, for 15 minutes, on the preoperative anxiety levels in children undergoing elective surgery in comparison with conventional pediatric surgical care. Method: randomized controlled clinical trial pilot study with 52 children in the preoperative period, aged 3 to 12 years, undergoing elective surgery and randomly allocated in the experimental group (n = 26) and control group (n = 26). Anxiety was assessed in both groups by the application of the modified Yale Preoperative Anxiety Scale and measurement of the physiological variables, upon arrival and 15 minutes after the first measurement...
December 19, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982408/glycemic-control-strategies-and-the-occurrence-of-surgical-site-infection-a-systematic-review
#17
Caroline Maria Herrero Domingos, Luciana Inaba Senyer Iida, Vanessa de Brito Poveda
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the evidence available in the scientific literature regarding the relationship between the glycemic control strategies used and the occurrence of surgical site infection in adult patients undergoing surgery. METHOD: This is a systematic review performed through search on the databases of CINAHL, MEDLINE, LILACS, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and EMBASE. RESULTS: Eight randomized controlled trials were selected...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982337/right-hepatic-artery-aneurysm
#18
Astrid Del Pilar Ardila Bernal, Paulo Loures, Juan Cristóbal Ospina Calle, Beatriz Cunha, Juan Camilo Córdoba
We report a case of an aneurysm of the right hepatic artery and its multidisciplinary management by general surgery, endoscopy and radiology services. Being a case of extremely low incidence, it is important to show its diagnostic and therapeutic approach. RESUMO Relatamos um caso de aneurisma da artéria hepática direita conduzido de forma multidisciplinar pelos Serviços de Cirurgia Geral, Endoscopia e Radiologia. Em se tratando de caso de incidência baixíssima, é importante mostrar o enfoque diagnóstico e terapêutico usado em seu manejo...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982332/thoracic-damage-control-surgery
#19
Roberto Gonçalves, Roberto Saad
The damage control surgery came up with the philosophy of applying essential maneuvers to control bleeding and abdominal contamination in trauma patients who are within the limits of their physiological reserves. This concept was extended to thoracic injuries, where relatively simple maneuvers can shorten operative time of in extremis patients. This article aims to revise the various damage control techniques in thoracic organs that must be known to the surgeon engaged in emergency care. RESUMO A cirurgia de controle de danos surgiu com a filosofia de se aplicar manobras essenciais para controle de sangramento e contaminação abdominal, em doentes traumatizados, nos limites de suas reservas fisiológicas...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982331/comparative-study-of-abdominal-cavity-temporary-closure-techniques-for-damage-control
#20
Marcelo A F Ribeiro, Emily Alves Barros, Sabrina Marques DE Carvalho, Vinicius Pereira Nascimento, José Cruvinel, Alexandre Zanchenko Fonseca
The damage control surgery, with emphasis on laparostomy, usually results in shrinkage of the aponeurosis and loss of the ability to close the abdominal wall, leading to the formation of ventral incisional hernias. Currently, various techniques offer greater chances of closing the abdominal cavity with less tension. Thus, this study aims to evaluate three temporary closure techniques of the abdominal cavity: the Vacuum-Assisted Closure Therapy - VAC, the Bogotá Bag and the Vacuum-pack. We conducted a systematic review of the literature, selecting 28 articles published in the last 20 years...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
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