keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Infant, ventilation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023804/apnea-induction-for-invasive-lung-function-testing-in-infant-olive-baboons-comparison-of-intravenous-propofol-versus-hyperventilation
#1
Vadim A Ivanov, Roman F Wolf, James F Papin, Michael P Anderson, Claude L Hill, Robert C Welliver
BACKGROUND: In various types of pulmonary research, pulmonary function testing (PFT) is performed to quantify the severity of lung disease. Induction of apnea and positive pressure ventilation are required for accurate PFT measurements in non-cooperative subjects. We compared two methods of apnea induction in infant olive baboons (Papio anubis). METHODS: Pulmonary function testing results were compared during apnea induced by hyperventilation (CO2 washout) vs. intravenous propofol (1 dose 10 mg/kg)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994364/comparison-of-the-therapeutic-effects-and-side-effects-of-tadalafil-and-sildenafil-after-surgery-in-young-infants-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-due-to-systemic-to-pulmonary-shunts
#2
Mohammad Reza Sabri, Hamid Bigdelian, Mohsen Hosseinzadeh, Alireza Ahmadi, Mehdi Ghaderian, Mohammad Shoja
Young children with CHD and large systemic-to-pulmonary shunts eventually develop pulmonary hypertension. At present, phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors such as sildenafil have been used to control pulmonary pressure before and after cardiac surgery. Recently, tadalafil has been utilised in older children with similar efficacy, but it has been used to a lesser extent in young infants. From April, 2015 to June, 2016, 42 patients aged 3-24 months with a large septal defect and pulmonary arterial hypertension were randomly divided into two equal groups: one group received oral sildenafil (1-3 mg/kg/day every 8 hours), whereas the other group received oral tadalafil (1 mg/kg once a day) from 7-10 days before surgery to 3-4 weeks after surgery...
November 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991421/-unknown-title
#3
Kasey Buckles, Melanie Guldi
Early term birth is defined as birth at 37 or 38 weeks gestation. While infants born early term are not considered premature, the medical literature suggests that they have an increased risk of serious adverse health outcomes compared to infants born at term (39 or 40 weeks). Despite these known harms, we document a rise in early term births in the United States from 1989 to the mid-2000s, followed by a decline in recent years. We posit that the recent decline in early term births has been driven by changes in medical practice advocated by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, programs such as the March of Dimes’ "Worth the Wait" campaign, and by Medicaid policy...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988159/chest-compression-during-sustained-inflation-versus-3-1-chest-compression-ventilation-ratio-during-neonatal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-randomised-feasibility-trial
#4
Georg M Schmölzer, Megan O Reilly, Caroline Fray, Sylvia van Os, Po-Yin Cheung
BACKGROUND: Current neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend 3:1 compression:ventilation (C:V) ratio. Recently, animal studies reported that continuous chest compressions (CC) during a sustained inflation (SI) significantly improved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The approach of CC during SI (CC+SI) has not been examined in the delivery room during neonatal resuscitation. HYPOTHESIS: It is a feasibility study to compare CC+SI versus 3:1 C:V ratio during neonatal resuscitation in the delivery room...
October 7, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985727/respiratory-mechanics-in-infants-with-severe-bronchiolitis-on-controlled-mechanical-ventilation
#5
Pablo Cruces, Sebastián González-Dambrauskas, Julio Quilodrán, Jorge Valenzuela, Javier Martínez, Natalia Rivero, Pablo Arias, Franco Díaz
BACKGROUND: Analysis of respiratory mechanics during mechanical ventilation (MV) is able to estimate resistive, elastic and inertial components of the working pressure of the respiratory system. Our aim was to discriminate the components of the working pressure of the respiratory system in infants on MV with severe bronchiolitis admitted to two PICU's. METHODS: Infants younger than 1 year old with acute respiratory failure caused by severe bronchiolitis underwent neuromuscular blockade, tracheal intubation and volume controlled MV...
October 6, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981515/the-heuristics-of-nurse-responsiveness-to-critical-patient-monitor-and-ventilator-alarms-in-a-private-room-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#6
Rohan Joshi, Heidi van de Mortel, Loe Feijs, Peter Andriessen, Carola van Pul
AIM: Alarm fatigue is a well-recognized patient safety concern in intensive care settings. Decreased nurse responsiveness and slow response times to alarms are the potentially dangerous consequences of alarm fatigue. The aim of this study was to determine the factors that modulate nurse responsiveness to critical patient monitor and ventilator alarms in the context of a private room neonatal intensive care setting. METHODS: The study design comprised of both a questionnaire and video monitoring of nurse-responsiveness to critical alarms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977327/siblings-affected-by-ectrodactyly-ectodermal-dysplasia-and-cleft-lip-palate-eec-syndrome-presenting-normal-parents-germline-mosaicism
#7
Rafael Fabiano Machado Rosa, Samir Abou Ghaouche de Moraes, Leonardo Paludo Sulczinski, Filipe Augusto da Silva, Olga Gaio Milner, Silvana Rodrigues Streit Pires, Osvaldo Alfonso Pinto Artigalas, Rosana Cardoso Manique Rosa, Paulo Ricardo Gazzola Zen
OBJECTIVE: EEC is an acronym for an autosomal dominant syndrome clinically characterized by ectrodactyly (E), ectodermal dysplasia (E) and cleft lip/palate (C). Our aim was to describe a rare case of siblings affected by ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia and cleft lip/palate (EEC) syndrome presenting normal parents. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was the third son of young and healthy parents. The parents did not present any minor or major anomaly of hands, feet or skin, hair and teeth...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977137/dorsal-brainstem-syndrome-and-the-use-of-neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-nava-in-an-infant
#8
José Colleti, Walter Koga, Werther Brunow de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of dorsal brainstem syndrome in an infant after hypoxic-ischemic episode due to severe sepsis and the use of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) to aid in diagnosis and in the removal of mechanical ventilation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 2-month-old male infant, previously healthy, presented with severe sepsis that evolved to dorsal brainstem syndrome, which usually occurs after hypoxic-ischemic injury in neonates and infants, and is related to very specific magnetic resonance images...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974135/propofol-and-fentanyl-sedation-for-laser-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-to-avoid-intubation
#9
Fiammetta Piersigilli, Alessandra Di Pede, Gino Catena, Simona Lozzi, Cinzia Auriti, Iliana Bersani, Irma Capolupo, Anna Lipreri, Vincenzo Di Ciommo, Andrea Dotta, Stefania Sgrò
BACKGROUND: Despite the optimization of neonatal assistance, severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP, stage III-IV) remains a common condition among preterm infants. Laser photocoagulation usually requires general anesthesia and intubation, but extubation can be difficult and these infants often affected by chronic lung disease. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical charts of 13 neonates that were sedated with propofol in association with fentanyl for the laser treatment of ROP. This protocol was introduced in our unit to avoid intubation and minimize side effects of anesthesia and ventilation...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973344/effect-of-inhaled-nitric-oxide-on-survival-without-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Shabih U Hasan, Jim Potenziano, Girija G Konduri, Jose A Perez, Krisa P Van Meurs, M Whit Walker, Bradley A Yoder
Importance: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) occurs in approximately 40% of infants born at younger than 30 weeks' gestation and is associated with adverse pulmonary and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Objective: To test whether administration of inhaled nitric oxide to preterm infants requiring positive pressure respiratory support on postnatal days 5 to 14 improves the rate of survival without BPD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This intent-to-treat study was a randomized clinical trial performed at 33 US and Canadian neonatal intensive care units...
September 25, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942433/therapeutic-hypothermia-in-mild-neonatal-encephalopathy-a-national-survey-of-practice-in-the-uk
#11
Vânia Oliveira, Dev Prya Singhvi, Paolo Montaldo, Peter J Lally, Josephine Mendoza, Swati Manerkar, Seetha Shankaran, Sudhin Thayyil
Although major cooling trials (and subsequent guidelines) excluded babies with mild encephalopathy, anecdotal evidence suggests that cooling is often offered to these infants. We report a national survey on current cooling practices for babies with mild encephalopathy in the UK. From 74 neonatal units contacted, 68 were cooling centres. We received 54 responses (79%) and included 48 (five excluded due to incomplete data and one found later not to offer cooling). Of these, 36 centres (75%) offered cooling to infants with mild encephalopathy...
September 23, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940999/hearts-transplanted-after-circulatory-death-in-children-analysis-of-the-international-society-for-heart-and-lung-transplantation-registry
#12
Jake A Kleinmahon, Sonali S Patel, Scott R Auerbach, Joseph Rossano, Melanie D Everitt
We aimed to describe worldwide DCD HT experience in children using the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation Registry. The Registry was queried for primary HT performed in children (2005-2014). Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess survival for recipients grouped by DCD or DBD hearts. Recipient characteristics were compared between DCD and DBD and between survivors and non-survivors of DCD HT. Among 3877 pediatric HT performed, 21 (0.5%) were DCD. DCD 1-year survival was 61% vs 91% DBD, P < ...
September 21, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937410/cerebral-oxygenation-of-premature-lambs-supported-by-an-artificial-placenta
#13
Ahmed M El-Sabbagh, Brian W Gray, Andrew W Shaffer, Benjamin S Bryner, Joseph T Church, Jennifer S McLeod, Sara Zakem, Elena M Perkins, Renée A Shellhaas, John D E Barks, Alvaro Rojas-Peña, Robert H Bartlett, George B Mychaliska
An artificial placenta (AP) using venovenous extracorporeal life support (VV-ECLS) could represent a paradigm shift in the treatment of extremely premature infants. However, AP support could potentially alter cerebral oxygen delivery. We assessed cerebral perfusion in fetal lambs on AP support using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and carotid arterial flow (CAF). Fourteen premature lambs at EGA 130 days (term = 145) underwent cannulation of the right jugular vein and umbilical vein with initiation of VV-ECLS...
September 20, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923474/beyond-the-inhaled-nitric-oxide-in-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn
#14
REVIEW
Mei-Yin Lai, Shih-Ming Chu, Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Hung-Chih Lin
Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) is a consequence of failed pulmonary vascular transition at birth and leads to pulmonary hypertension with shunting of deoxygenated blood across the ductus arteriosus (DA) and foramen ovale (FO) resulting in severe hypoxemia, and it may eventually lead to life-threatening circulatory failure. PPHN is a serious event affecting both term and preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. It is often associated with diseases such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia, meconium aspiration, sepsis, congenital pneumonia, birth asphyxia and respiratory distress syndrome...
August 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922269/extubation-failure-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-following-first-stage-single-ventricle-reconstruction-operation
#15
Thomas Scodellaro, Jane M McKenzie, Yves d'Udekem, Warwick Butt, Siva P Namachivayam
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence, causes, risk factors, and outcomes associated with extubation failure following first stage single ventricle reconstruction surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis of neonates who underwent a first stage single ventricle reconstruction operation. Extubation failure was defined as endotracheal reintubation within 48 hours of first extubation attempt. SETTING: The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918395/non-invasive-high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-in-preterm-infants-a-randomised-controlled-cross-over-trial
#16
Daniel Klotz, Hendryk Schneider, Stefan Schumann, Benjamin Mayer, Hans Fuchs
OBJECTIVE: Non-invasive high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV) has recently been described as a novel mode of respiratory support for premature infants. This study was designed to determine whether nHFOV decreases CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) in premature infants more effectively than non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP). DESIGN: Non-blinded prospective randomised controlled cross-over study. SETTING: University Medical Center tertiary neonatal intensive care unit...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912163/neonatal-resuscitation-using-a-laryngeal-mask-airway-a-randomised-trial-in-uganda
#17
Nicolas J Pejovic, Daniele Trevisanuto, Clare Lubulwa, Susanna Myrnerts Höök, Francesco Cavallin, Josaphat Byamugisha, Jolly Nankunda, Thorkild Tylleskär
OBJECTIVE: Mortality rates from birth asphyxia in low-income countries remain high. Face mask ventilation (FMV) performed by midwives is the usual method of resuscitating neonates in such settings but may not always be effective. The i-gel is a cuffless laryngeal mask airway (LMA) that could enhance neonatal resuscitation performance. We aimed to compare LMA and face mask (FM) during neonatal resuscitation in a low-resource setting. SETTING: Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda...
September 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910311/hearing-impairment-in-premature-newborns-analysis-based-on-the-national-hearing-screening-database-in-poland
#18
Katarzyna Wroblewska-Seniuk, Grazyna Greczka, Piotr Dabrowski, Joanna Szyfter-Harris, Jan Mazela
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of sensorineural hearing loss is between 1 and 3 per 1000 in healthy neonates and 2-4 per 100 in high-risk infants. The national universal neonatal hearing screening carried out in Poland since 2002 enables selection of infants with suspicion and/or risk factors of hearing loss. In this study, we assessed the incidence and risk factors of hearing impairment in infants ≤33 weeks' gestational age (wga). METHODS: We analyzed the database of the Polish Universal Newborns Hearing Screening Program from 2010 to 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905374/heat-and-moisture-exchangers-versus-heated-humidifiers-for-mechanically-ventilated-adults-and-children
#19
REVIEW
Donna Gillies, David A Todd, Jann P Foster, Bisanth T Batuwitage
BACKGROUND: Invasive ventilation is used to assist or replace breathing when a person is unable to breathe adequately on their own. Because the upper airway is bypassed during mechanical ventilation, the respiratory system is no longer able to warm and moisten inhaled gases, potentially causing additional breathing problems in people who already require assisted breathing. To prevent these problems, gases are artificially warmed and humidified. There are two main forms of humidification, heat and moisture exchangers (HME) or heated humidifiers (HH)...
September 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904810/nasal-high-flow-treatment-in-preterm-infants
#20
REVIEW
Calum T Roberts, Kate A Hodgson
Nasal High Flow (HF) is a mode of 'non-invasive' respiratory support for preterm infants, with several potential modes of action, including generation of distending airway pressure, washout of the nasopharyngeal dead space, reduction of work of breathing, and heating and humidification of inspired gas. HF has several potential advantages over continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), the most commonly applied form of non-invasive support, such as reduced nasal trauma, ease of use, and infant comfort, which has led to its rapid adoption into neonatal care...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
keyword
keyword
38379
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"