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Dry eye disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442380/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-symptomatic-dry-eye-disease-in-asian-malays-from-the-singapore-malay-eye-study
#1
Ryan E K Man, Anuradha R Veerappan, Shu-Pei Tan, Eva K Fenwick, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Jacqueline Chua, Yuan-Yuh Leong, Tien Yin Wong, Ecosse L Lamoureux, Ching-Yu Cheng, Louis Tong
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of symptomatic dry eye disease (SDED) and associated risk factors in a well-characterized cohort of ethnic Malays in Singapore. METHODS: We included 1682 participants (mean age [SD]: 57 [10]years; 55.4% female) without SDED from the Singapore Malay Eye Study (SiMES), a population-based longitudinal study with baseline examination (SiMES-1) conducted between 2004 and 2006, and follow-up examination (SiMES-2) conducted between 2010 and 2013...
April 22, 2017: Ocular Surface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441413/langerhans-cells-prevent-subbasal-nerve-damage-and-upregulate-neurotrophic-factors-in-dry-eye-disease
#2
Eun Young Choi, Hyun Goo Kang, Chul Hee Lee, Areum Yeo, Hye Mi Noh, Nayeong Gu, Myoung Joon Kim, Jong Suk Song, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hyung Keun Lee
The functional role of Langerhans cells (LCs) in ocular surface inflammation and nerve damage in dry eye (DE) disease has yet to be determined. This study was performed to investigate this relationship through both clinical study on DE patients and in vivo mouse models with induced DE disease. In a cross-sectional case-control study (54 eyes of DE patients; 34 eyes of control patients), average cell density, area, and process length of LCs were measured using confocal microscopy. Data were analyzed to determine whether changes in LCs are correlated with subbasal nerve plexus (SNP) parameters (nerve density, beading, and tortuosity)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441068/a-controlled-randomized-double-blind-study-to-evaluate-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-chitosan-n-acetylcysteine-for-the-treatment-of-dry-eye-syndrome
#3
Doreen Schmidl, René Werkmeister, Semira Kaya, Angelika Unterhuber, Katarzyna J Witkowska, Renate Baumgartner, Sonja Höller, Maria O'Rourke, Ward Peterson, Annika Wolter, Martin Prinz, Leopold Schmetterer, Gerhard Garhöfer
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of chitosan-N-acetylcysteine (C-NAC) eye drops on tear film thickness (TFT) in patients with dry eye syndrome (DES). METHODS: This was a controlled, randomized, double-blind clinical investigation with patients assigned to 2 cohorts. In Cohort I, 21 patients were randomized to receive 1 instillation of C-NAC eye drops in 1 eye and placebo (normal saline solution) in the contralateral eye. In Cohort II, 17 patients were randomized to receive C-NAC eye drops once (QD) or twice (BID) daily for 5 days...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440253/evaluation-of-meibomian-gland-and-tear-film-changes-in-patients-with-pterygium
#4
Fen Ye, Fen Zhou, Yuan Xia, Xiaomin Zhu, Yan Wu, Zhenping Huang
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that pterygium has a close relationship with dry eye disease. This study is to determine abnormalities in meibomian gland and tear function in patients with pterygium and to assess the relationship between the variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty eyes from forty patients with primary nasal pterygium and forty eyes from forty volunteers without ocular pathologies were enrolled in this study. Ocular surface disease index scores, meibomian gland expression scores, lid margin abnormality scores, meiboscore, tear film breakup time (BUT), Schirmer test (SIT) value, and the lower tear meniscus height (TMH), tear meniscus depth (TMD), and tear meniscus area (TMA) using Fourier domain optical coherence were performed...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435213/comparison-of-0-2-and-0-18-hyaluronate-eye-drops-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-dry-eye-with-keratitis-or-keratoconjunctivitis
#5
Dorothea Groß, Marc Childs, Jean-Marie Piaton
PURPOSE: Comparison of efficacy and safety of 0.2% and 0.18% hyaluronic acid (HA) eye drops three times a day (tid) in patients with moderate to severe dry eye disease, related to keratitis or keratoconjunctivitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective, multicenter, randomized, single-masked, phase IIIb, noninferiority study (0.2% HA vs 0.18% HA) in two parallel groups over a period of 84 days. N=70 patients were evaluated. Primary efficacy outcome was ocular surface (OS) staining change on day 35 (D35), compared to baseline...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431436/enhanced-tearing-by-electrical-stimulation-of-the-anterior-ethmoid-nerve
#6
Mark Brinton, Andrea L Kossler, Zara M Patel, James Loudin, Manfred Franke, Christopher N Ta, Daniel Palanker
Purpose: Electrical neurostimulation enhances tear secretion, and can be applied to treatment of dry eye disease. Using a chronic implant, we evaluate the effects of stimulating the anterior ethmoid nerve on the aqueous, lipid, and protein content of secreted tears. Methods: Neurostimulators were implanted beneath the nasal mucosa in 13 New Zealand white rabbits. Stimulations (2.3-2.8 mA pulses of 75-875 μs in duration repeated at 30-100 Hz for 3 minutes) were performed daily, for 3 weeks to measure changes in tear volume (Schirmer test), osmolarity (TearLab osmometer), lipid (Oil-Red-O staining), and protein (BCA assay, mass spectrometry)...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428095/sjogren-s-syndrome-clinical-aspects
#7
Frederick B Vivino
Sjogren's syndrome (SS) is the 2nd most common chronic autoimmune rheumatic disease and associated with a high burden of illness. Morbidity arises not only from untreated xerostomia and keratoconjunctivitis sicca but also from extra-glandular manifestations and the development of non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphomas. Proper diagnosis of SS requires objective evidence of dry eyes and/or objective evidence of dry mouth and proof of autoimmunity. The recent development of new international classification criteria and clinical practice guidelines for SS should not only enhance the existing standards of care but also facilitate further studies to improve future diagnosis and management...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427352/point-of-sampling-detection-of-zika-virus-within-a-multiplexed-kit-capable-of-detecting-dengue-and-chikungunya
#8
Ozlem Yaren, Barry W Alto, Priyanka V Gangodkar, Shatakshi R Ranade, Kunal N Patil, Kevin M Bradley, Zunyi Yang, Nikhil Phadke, Steven A Benner
BACKGROUND: Zika, dengue, and chikungunya are three mosquito-borne viruses having overlapping transmission vectors. They cause diseases having similar symptoms in human patients, but requiring different immediate management steps. Therefore, rapid (< one hour) discrimination of these three viruses in patient samples and trapped mosquitoes is needed. The need for speed precludes any assay that requires complex up-front sample preparation, such as extraction of nucleic acids from the sample...
April 20, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426869/expression-profiling-of-nonpolar-lipids-in-meibum-from-patients-with-dry-eye-a-pilot-study
#9
Jianzhong Chen, Jeremy K Keirsey, Kari B Green, Kelly K Nichols
Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to characterize differentially expressed lipids in meibum samples from patients with dry eye disease (DED) in order to better understand the underlying pathologic mechanisms. Methods: Meibum samples were collected from postmenopausal women with DED (PW-DED; n = 5) and a control group of postmenopausal women without DED (n = 4). Lipid profiles were analyzed by direct infusion full-scan electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS)...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425227/primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-in-patients-with-celiac-disease
#10
Funda Erbasan, Deniz Turgut Çoban, Uğur Karasu, Yeşim Çekin, Bayram Yeşil, Ayhan Hilmi Çekin, Dinç Süren, Mustafa Ender Terzioğlu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Many autoimmune diseases occur concomitantly with celiac disease (CD). We aimed to determine the frequency of Sjögren's syndrome (SS) in CD patients based on SS-specific serology verified by minor labial salivary biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight-two patients with CD were included in the study. After examination for objective evidence of sicca complex, all patients were tested for serological presence of rheumatoid factor (RF) and antinuclear antibodies (ANAs) and for ANA profile...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424547/omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-can-improve-both-symptoms-and-signs-of-dry-eye-disease
#11
COMMENT
Jae-Woo Kwon, Sang Beom Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422804/a-review-of-ocular-graft-versus-host-disease
#12
Saleha Z Munir, James Aylward
: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication that occurs following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which is a potential curative therapy used in a variety of malignant or benign hematological diseases. Graft-versus-host disease primarily occurs in many organs, but most notably in the skin, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, liver, eyes, mucosa, and musculoskeletal system. Ocular manifestations of GVHD may precede other systemic GVHD findings, and it may be a poor prognosis for mortality...
May 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401923/the-prevalence-of-depression-and-depressive-symptoms-among-eye-disease-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Yajing Zheng, Xiaohang Wu, Xiaoming Lin, Haotian Lin
The prevalence of depression among different eye disease patients varies across studies and has not been systematically reviewed. This study is to provide a summary of the prevalence of depression among eye disease patients. PubMed, Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched from January, 1990 to December, 2015 to identify studies with information on the prevalence of depression among ophthalmic patients. A random/fixed-effects meta-analysis was used to estimate the pooled prevalence of depression among eye disease patients...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400372/risk-factors-for-bleb-related-infection-following-trabeculectomy-surgery-ocular-surface-findings-a-case-control-study
#14
Poornima A Rai, Keith Barton, Ian E Murdoch
PURPOSE: Bleb-related infection (BRI) is a devastating complication of trabeculectomy surgery. The aim of this study was to identify ocular risk factors for BRI with specific emphasis on ocular surface parameters. It has been suggested that the frequency has increased since the introduction of antimetabolites, particularly mitomycin C. DESIGN: A case-control study. METHOD: A clinical study of BRI following trabeculectomy surgery to investigate risk factors by documenting historical data review from patients records, self-reported questionnaire specific to ocular surface symptoms and a repeat detailed clinical examination of the lid, ocular surface and tear film...
October 18, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399249/lifitegrast-xiidra-for-dry-eye-disease
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390092/clinical-impact-of-inflammation-in-dry-eye-disease-proceedings-of-the-odissey-group-meeting
#16
REVIEW
Christophe Baudouin, Murat Irkeç, Elisabeth M Messmer, José M Benítez-Del-Castillo, Stefano Bonini, Francisco C Figueiredo, Gerd Geerling, Marc Labetoulle, Michael Lemp, Maurizio Rolando, Gysbert Van Setten, Pasquale Aragona
Dry eye disease (DED) is a common, multifactorial ocular condition with major impact on vision and quality of life. It is now well recognized that the pathophysiology of chronic DED can include a cycle of inflammation involving both innate and adaptive immune responses. Recently, in vitro/in vivo models have been used to obtain a better understanding of DED-related inflammatory processes at molecular/cellular levels although they do not truly reproduce the complex and chronic hallmarks of human DED. In clinical DED research, advanced techniques such as impression cytology, conjunctival biopsy, in vivo confocal microscopy and multiplex tear analyses have allowed an improved assessment of inflammation in DED patients...
April 8, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384900/efficacy-of-green-tea-extract-for-treatment-of-dry-eye-and-meibomian-gland-dysfunction-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-study
#17
Mahmood Nejabat, Salehi Ali Reza, Mehdi Zadmehr, Masoud Yasemi, Zahra Sobhani
INTRODUCTION: With an incidence rate of 9%, dry eye is a common problem of the ocular surface, especially in patients more than 40-year-old. Green tea extract has anti-oxidative, anti-bacterial, anti-androgen, and immunomodulatory properties. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of green tea extract for treatment of patients with dry eye and Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial, 60 patients were selected within the age range of 30 to 70 years, and divided into two groups by blocked randomization method...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380095/translation-and-validation-of-the-portuguese-version-of-a-dry-eye-disease-symptom-questionnaire
#18
Julia Silvestre de Castro, Iara Borin Selegatto, Rosane Silvestre de Castro, José Paulo Cabral de Vasconcelos, Carlos Eduardo Leite Arieta, Mônica Alves
Purposes: A symptom questionnaire is an important tool used to quantify and qualify the impact of a disease on a patient's related quality of life and to estimate the prevalence of a certain condition within a population. Ophthalmologists frequently encounter patients with dry eye disease (DED), and therefore, evaluating the symptoms reported by these patients influences diagnosis, therapeutic monitoring, and evaluations of disease progression. The latest consensus on dry eye (Dry Eye Workshop, DEWS), published in 2007, led to the standardization of several questionnaires and a better understanding of the prevalence, severity, and overall effect of DED on the patient's quality of life...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379971/analysis-of-th17-associated-cytokines-and-clinical-correlations-in-patients-with-dry-eye-disease
#19
Rongjun Liu, Caifeng Gao, Huijin Chen, Yaxin Li, Ying Jin, Hong Qi
We aimed to investigate the expressions of three Th17-associated cytokines, interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-6 and IL-23, in protein and mRNA levels and their correlations with ocular surface parameters in patients with dry eye disease (DED) through a small sample size case control study. A total of 45 female subjects were divided into Sjögren's syndrome (SS) DED group, non-Sjögren's syndrome (non-SS) DED group and control group. Ocular surface disease index (OSDI) was self-answered and clinical tests including tear-film breakup time (BUT), Schirmer I test, cornea fluorescein staining (CFS) were performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379860/silicone-breast-implants-and-autoimmune-rheumatic-diseases-myth-or-reality
#20
Jan Willem Cohen Tervaert, Maartje J Colaris, René R van der Hulst
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the present review, recent findings regarding silicone breast implants (SBIs) complicated by rheumatic autoimmune diseases are described. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite changes in the principal constituents of the silicone implants during the past 50 years, silicone remained an adjuvant that may 'bleed' and subsequently may be a chronic stimulus to the immune system resulting in similar clinical manifestations as 50 years ago. Silicones are spread throughout the body and can be detected in tissues and the central nervous system...
April 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
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