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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240566/a-practical-clinical-approach-to-utilize-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-the-evaluation-and-management-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-primer-for-cardiologists
#1
Sundeep Chaudhry, Ross Arena, Deepak L Bhatt, Subodh Verma, Naresh Kumar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is growing clinical interest for the use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate patients with or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). With mounting evidence, this concise review with relevant teaching cases helps to illustrate how to integrate CPET data into real world patient care. RECENT FINDINGS: CPET provides a novel and purely physiological basis to identify cardiac dysfunction in symptomatic patients with both obstructive-CAD and nonobstructive-CAD (NO-CAD)...
December 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240052/-assessment-of-endothelial-dysfunction-for-prevention-of-complications-in-patients-with-lesions-of-peripheral-arteries
#2
A V Pokrovskiĭ, V A Kul'bak, T A Kremenchugskaia, E E Fedorov
BACKGROUND: Severity of endothelial dysfunction and impairments of the vasomotor function of arteries correlate with the degree of the development of atherosclerosis and the risk of cardiovascular complications. To date, poorly studied still remains the problem concerning alteration of the regulatory function of the endothelium in patients diagnosed with pronounced atherosclerotic lesions of peripheral arteries, as well as the impact of a surgical intervention on indices of endothelial dysfunction...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226893/assessment-of-factors-related-to-statin-non-adherence-in-patients-with-established-coronary-artery-disease-a-single-center-observational-study
#3
Tuba Özdemir, İrfan Şahin, İlhan İlker Avcı, Barış Güngör, Eser Durmaz, Sevil Tuğrul, Mert İlker Hayıroğlu, Serdar Kahyaoğlu, Orkhan Karımov, Ertuğrul Okuyan
OBJECTIVE: Lifelong statin treatment is recommended in patients with cardiovascular diseases, but drug adherence is a significant problem. The aim of this study was to investigate factors related to statin discontinuation in high-risk patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnosed by coronary angiography. METHODS: A total of 300 consecutive patients who were followed-up with a diagnosis of CAD were recruited. Patients were categorized as statin adherent or statin non-adherent (patients interrupting statin therapy >30 days)...
December 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127749/-is-it-possible-to-improve-long-term-compliance-of-patients-to-statin-therapy
#4
Vladimír Soška, Ondřej Kyselák
Statins are key drugs for patients in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease, as well as for primary prevention patients at high or very high risk of fatal cardiovascular events. However, long-term compliance of patients to statin therapy is relatively low, decreasing with the time of statin use; moreover a significant proportion of patients stop statins medication over the course of several years. To the early termination of statin treatment often contributes apprehension of the occurence of statin´s side effects (i...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119935/perioperative-management-of-hyperlipidemia-medications
#5
J Ross Renew
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease is a common comorbidity encountered during the perioperative period. Whether patients are scheduled for cardiac or noncardiac surgery, this cardiovascular disease must be addressed in the preoperative period to decrease the accompanying risks and potential postoperative problems. Lipid-lowering medications are often used to treat hyperlipidemia, a risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. OBJECTIVE: To discuss the medications most commonly used to treat hyperlipidemia and to describe strategies for handling these treatment regimens in the perioperative period...
November 7, 2017: Current Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110930/determinants-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-renal-function-decline-after-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#6
Randolph G Statius van Eps, Banne Nemeth, Ronne T A Mairuhu, Jan J Wever, Hugo T C Veger, Hans van Overhagen, Lukas C van Dijk, Bob Knippenberg
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) may be associated with renal injury and more insight is needed into potential risk factors. The aim was to identify clinical, anatomical, and peri-procedural parameters as potential risk factors for the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) and to evaluate chronic kidney disease (CKD) after EVAR. METHODS: A cohort of 212 consecutive patients who underwent elective EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm from January 2009 to October 2016 was included...
October 27, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902603/the-utility-of-conservative-treatment-modalities-in-the-management-of-osteonecrosis
#7
Feroz Osmani, Savyasachi Thakkar, Jonathan Vigdorchik
INTRODUCTION: Osteonecrosis is an ischemic pathologic process associated with a number of conditions affecting a range of age groups. The problem faced in the management of osteonecrosis is whether conservative treatment is a viable and effective option for patients. In this systematic review, we investigated the efficacy of various nonoperative treatment modalities for hip and knee osteonecrosis, including pharmacological management and biophysical modalities. METHODS: We identified 16 studies based on electronic searches through the PubMed, Embase, CINAHL Plus, and Cochrane databases from January 2001 to November 2015...
May 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885959/statins-and-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-u-s-air-force-active-duty-service-members
#8
Anthony P Tvaryanas, Joseph H Wagner, Genny M Maupin, Valarie M Schroeder
BACKGROUND: This study examined the association of statin use and musculoskeletal conditions in statin users and nonusers within the population of U.S. Air Force active duty Service members in the military health care system. METHODS: The study was a retrospective cohort analysis of Service members between 2004 and 2014 as identified from personnel data having physical fitness and cardiac risk data available and who were free of musculoskeletal diagnoses for 6 months before the study period...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839280/the-adjuvant-value-of-herba-cistanches-when-used-in-combination-with-statin-in-murine-models
#9
Elaine Wat, Chun Fai Ng, Chi Man Koon, Cheng Zhang, Si Gao, Brian Tomlinson, Clara Bik San Lau
Statins are well known to have muscle toxicity problem. Herba Cistanches (HC) is a Chinese herb traditionally used for pain in the loins and knees. Our previous in vitro study suggested that it could protect against statin-induced muscle toxicity. However, its in vivo protective effect has never been investigated. The objective of this study was to determine if the aqueous extract of HC (HCE) could prevent simvastatin-induced muscle toxicity in rats, and whether HCE could also exert beneficial effects on reducing high-fat diet-induced hypercholesterolemia and elevated liver cholesterol, thereby reducing the dose of simvastatin when used in combined therapy...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822504/is-smog-innocuous-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-disease
#10
EDITORIAL
Sundeep Mishra
Air pollution is a significant environmental and health hazard. Earlier studies had examined the adverse health effects associated with short- and long-term exposure to particulate matter on respiratory disease. However, later studies demonstrated that was actually cardiovascular disease that accounted for majority of mortality. Furthermore, it was not gaseous pollutants like oxides of nitrate, sulfur, carbon mono-oxide or ozone but the particulate matter or PM, of fine or coarse size (PM2.5 and PM10) which was linearly associated with mortality; PM2...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764218/sepsis-mortality-in-critical-care-and-prior-statin-therapy-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-central-argentina
#11
Liberth Incahuanaco Paricahua, Alexis Fabian Oleynick Goncalves, Sandaly Oliveira da Silva Pacheco, Fabio Juliano Pacheco
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is a major public health problem, frequent, costly, and often fatal. Despite of improvements in supportive treatments the incidence of sepsis and the number of deaths related to sepsis is increasing. Statins have been recently proposed as adjuvants in the treatment of sepsis, but its effects on mortality show conflicting results worldwide. AIM: The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical outcome of patients diagnosed with sepsis in a university-affiliated hospital in central Argentina and to evaluate it in relation to a group of septic patients with previous use of statins before the onset of sepsis...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752475/use-of-statins-in-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease-and-cirrhosis-current-views-and-prospects
#12
REVIEW
Jose Ignacio Vargas, Marco Arrese, Vijay H Shah, Juan Pablo Arab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to analyze the current evidence regarding the use of statins in patients with chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Chronic liver disease (CLD), cirrhosis, and its complications, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), are significant public health problems. The use of statins in patients with CLD has been a matter of concern, and physicians are often reluctant to its prescription in these patients...
September 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730939/drug-delivery-to-the-brain-how-can-nanoencapsulated-statins-be-used-in-the-clinic
#13
Fabio Sonvico, Francesca Zimetti, Adriana Raffin Pohlmann, Sílvia Stanisçuaski Guterres
Statins are used for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease by inhibiting cholesterol synthesis in the liver. Statins have also noncholesterol-related effects, called pleiotropic effects, which arise from statins' anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and antioxidant properties. These effects are especially attractive for the treatment of various brain diseases ranging from stroke to neurodegenerative diseases. Still, low brain concentrations after oral drug administration hinder the clinical application of statins in these pathologies...
July 2017: Therapeutic Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724692/enhancing-studies-of-pharmacodynamic-mechanisms-via-measurements-of-metabolic-flux-fundamental-concepts-and-guiding-principles-for-using-stable-isotope-tracers
#14
REVIEW
Natalie A Daurio, Sheng-Ping Wang, Ying Chen, Haihong Zhou, David G McLaren, Thomas P Roddy, Douglas G Johns, Denise Milot, Takhar Kasumov, Mark D Erion, David E Kelley, Stephen F Previs
Drug discovery and development efforts are largely based around a common expectation, namely, that direct or indirect action on a cellular process (e.g., statin-mediated enzyme inhibition or insulin-stimulated receptor activation) will have a beneficial impact on physiologic homeostasis. To expand on this, one could argue that virtually all pharmacologic interventions attempt to influence the flow of "traffic" in a biochemical network, irrespective of disease or modality. Since stable isotope tracer kinetic methods provide a measure of traffic flow (i...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673294/lipid-management-in-india-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-physician-survey
#15
Gurpreet S Wander, Uday M Jadhav, Amruta Chemburkar, Meena Lopez, Jaideep Gogtay
BACKGROUND: Current international guidelines on dyslipidemia are not concordant on various aspects of management. Also, there are no uniformly accepted Indian guidelines. We, therefore, performed a physician survey to understand lipid management practices in India. METHODS: An anonymous survey questionnaire was administered to gauge physicians' self-reported behavior regarding lipid management aspects. Results were expressed in terms of percentages based on the number of responses obtained...
July 3, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645553/a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-an-integrated-medication-management-program-and-implications-for-implementation
#16
Shira H Fischer, Courtney K Armstrong, Erin L Duffy, Peter S Hussey
BACKGROUND: Improving medication adherence is a common and challenging issue. Taking medications as prescribed becomes particularly difficult for individuals with multiple chronic conditions. Poor adherence can lead to exacerbated health issues and prolonged disease severity. Medication Therapy Management is increasingly being used to help clinics improve medication adherence and reduce adverse events, but factors that enable implementation of such programs are not well identified. OBJECTIVE: To describe the factors associated with implementation of an innovative pharmacy program and to measure the impact of the intervention...
September 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640782/perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Ronald J Gordon, Frederick W Lombard
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant problem in the perioperative period, increasing patient morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. It is also considered the most preventable of the major postoperative complications. Despite widespread adoption of prophylaxis guidelines, it appears that morbidity from the disease has not substantially changed within the past 2 decades. It is becoming clear that current prophylaxis efforts are not sufficient. Using more potent anticoagulants may decrease the incidence of VTE, but increase the risk for bleeding and infection...
August 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618994/role-of-anti-pcsk9-antibodies-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-statin-intolerance
#18
Julia Schreml, Ioanna Gouni-Berthold
Statin intolerance is usually defined as the inability of a patient to tolerate statin-treatment due to muscle-related complaints. While randomised trials show that these complaints occure with similar frequency in patients receiving placebo, namely in up to ~5% of the subjects, data from registries as well as clinical experience indicate a much higher frequency of up to ~30%. The lack of standard definition or of a diagnostic marker of statin intolerance confounds the problem. The diagnosis remains subjective based on the symptoms the patient reports...
June 16, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521773/red-yeast-rice-induces-less-muscle-fatigue-symptom-than-simvastatin-in-dyslipidemic-patients-a-single-center-randomized-pilot-trial
#19
Yangjing Xue, Luyuan Tao, Shaoze Wu, Guoqiang Wang, Lu Qian, Jiwu Li, Lianming Liao, Jifei Tang, Kangting Ji
BACKGROUND: About 10-15% patients who take statins experience skeletal muscle problems. Red yeast rice has a good safety profile could provide a compromise therapeutic strategy. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of red yeast rice, when compared to simvastatin, on the muscle fatigue symptom and the serum lipid level in dyslipidemic patients with low to moderate cardiovascular risk. METHODS: A total of 60 dyslipidemic patients with low to moderate cardiovascular risk were recruited and randomly assigned to receive either simvastatin (n = 33) or red yeast rice (n = 27) for 4 weeks...
May 18, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520451/-how-to-create-cooperative-patient-for-antihypertensive-and-hypolipidemic-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Jan Piťha
Patient drug adherence is a major problem especially in the prevention of cardiovascular disease of atherosclerotic origin. On one hand, antihypertensive drugs and hypolipidemic drugs/statins are among the most successful, ones the other hand, they are among the drugs which are most frequently skipped by the patients. Improvement could be realized by education of patients, more frequent follow-ups, as well as by the use of new technologies involving specific dispensers and other, even more sophisticated methods...
December 0: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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