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Mei Jiang, Xinghui Liu, Denghai Zhang, Ying Wang, Xiaoxia Hu, Fengxia Xu, Mingming Jin, Fanfan Cao, Limin Xu
BACKGROUND: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the most common type of cerebrovascular disease and is a leading cause of disability and death worldwide. Recently, a study suggested that transformation of microglia from the pro-inflammatory M1 state to the anti-inflammatory and tissue-reparative M2 phenotype may be an effective therapeutic strategy for ischemic stroke. Celastrol, a traditional oriental medicine, may have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Beomsu Shin, Boksoon Chang, Hojoong Kim, Byeong-Ho Jeong
BACKGROUND: Interventional bronchoscopy is considered an effective treatment option for malignant central airway obstruction (MCAO). However, there are few reports of interventional bronchoscopy in patients with MCAOs due to extra-pulmonary malignancy. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate treatment outcomes and prognostic factors for bronchoscopic intervention in patients with MCAO due to extra-pulmonary malignancy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed consecutive 98 patients with MCAO due to extra-pulmonary malignancy who underwent interventional bronchoscopy between 2004 and 2014 at Samsung Medical Center (Seoul, Korea)...
March 13, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Lorena Colás, Maria Domercq, Pedro Ramos-Cabrer, Ana Palma, Vanessa Gómez-Vallejo, Daniel Padro, Sandra Plaza-García, Krishna R Pulagam, Makoto Higuchi, Carlos Matute, Jordi Llop, Abraham Martín
In vivo positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) is a promising tool for the imaging evaluation of neurologic and neurodegenerative diseases. However, the role of α7 nAChRs after brain diseases such as cerebral ischemia and its involvement in inflammatory reaction is still largely unknown. In vivo and ex vivo evaluation of α7 nAChRs expression after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was carried out using PET imaging with [11 C]NS14492 and immunohistochemistry (IHC)...
March 12, 2018: Glia
Yu Shuang Tian, Di Zhong, Qing Qing Liu, Xiu Li Zhao, Hong Xue Sun, Jing Jin, Hai Ning Wang, Guo Zhong Li
OBJECTIVE Ischemic stroke remains a significant cause of death and disability in industrialized nations. Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK) and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) of the JAK2/STAT3 pathway play important roles in the downstream signal pathway regulation of ischemic stroke-related inflammatory neuronal damage. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as major regulators in cerebral ischemic injury; therefore, the authors aimed to investigate the underlying molecular mechanism between miRNAs and ischemic stroke, which may provide potential therapeutic targets for ischemic stroke...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Ning Chen, Michael Chopp, Ye Xiong, Jian-Yong Qian, Mei Lu, Dong Zhou, Li He, Zhongwu Liu
In addition to thrombolysis, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) can evoke neurorestorative processes. We therefore investigated the therapeutic effect of subacute intranasal administration of tPA post stroke on neurological recovery and on corticospinal innervation in mice. A transgenic mouse line, in which the pyramidal neurons and corticospinal tract (CST) axons are specifically labeled by yellow fluorescent protein (YFP) was employed. Adult CST-YFP mice were subjected to right unilateral middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo), and were randomly divided into groups treated with saline or tPA intranasally in the subacute phase...
March 5, 2018: Experimental Neurology
Diego Milani, Megan C Bakeberg, Jane L Cross, Vince W Clark, Ryan S Anderton, David J Blacker, Neville W Knuckey, Bruno P Meloni
We have previously demonstrated that arginine-rich and poly-arginine peptides possess potent neuroprotective properties, with poly-arginine peptide R18 identified as being highly effective at reducing infarct volume following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in the Sprague Dawley rat. Since peptides synthesised using D-isoform amino acids have greater stability than L-isoform peptides due to increased resistance to proteolytic degradation, they represent potentially more effective peptide therapeutics...
2018: PloS One
Xuemei Zhang, Yinglian Zhou, Hulun Li, Rui Wang, Dan Yang, Bing Li, Jin Fu
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) are considered as an ideal stem cell source for the treatment of neurological diseases. In this study, we evaluated the therapeutic potency of DPSCs and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in focal cerebral ischemia using animal models. Following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), rats were randomized into four groups: the BDNF, DPSCs, DPSCs+BDNF and the controls injected with saline. DPSCs were transplanted and BDNF was injected into the DPSCs+BDNF group via the tail vein...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Fu-Ping Shi, Xue-Hong Wang, Hong-Xin Zhang, Meng-Meng Shang, Xiao-Xi Liu, Hai-Min Sun, Yue-Ping Song
Objectives: To investigate the effect of miR-103 on the angiogenesis of ischemic stroke rats via targeting vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) at the molecular level. Materials and Methods: Rat models had received the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) or sham operation before grouping, and cell models of oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) were performed. FITC-dextran, matrigel, and Trans-well assays were used to evaluate the vascular density, tube formation, and cell migration respectively...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Yusuke Yamamoto, Kohkichi Hosoda, Taichiro Imahori, Jun Tanaka, Kazuya Matsuo, Tomoaki Nakai, Yasuhiro Irino, Masakazu Shinohara, Naoko Sato, Takashi Sasayama, Kazuhiro Tanaka, Hiroaki Nagashima, Masaaki Kohta, Eiji Kohmura
Molecular mechanism underlying ischemic stroke remains poorly understood. We previously reported glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity in pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) is activated via heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) phosphorylation at serine 85 (S85) by ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) kinase during cerebral ischemia. This mechanism seems to be endogenous antioxidative system. To determine whether this system also works during reperfusion, we performed comparative metabolic analysis of reperfusion effect on metabolism in rat cortex using middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)...
March 3, 2018: Brain Research
J-Q Wang, W-P Gu, Q-Q Deng, Q Huang, A-M Wang, S-X Liu, H-Y Tang, Y Liang, J-H Yan, S Ouyang
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to investigate the effect of microRNA-126 (miR-126) on the migration and homing of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) within arterial thrombus of cerebral infarction patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EPCs from rat bone marrow were isolated, and miR-126 overexpressed EPCs were constructed by lentiviral transfection. Then, the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was established by the method of thread ligation. Successfully established model rats were randomly divided into miR-126 overexpression EPC group, miR-126 wild type EPC group, and normal saline group...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Bo Chu, Yadong Zhou, Heng Zhai, Lei Li, Li Sun, Yun Li
MicroRNA-146a (miR-146a) is reportedly implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Its role in the cerebral I/R injury is however unclear and requires further investigation. In this study, cerebral I/R injury was established in mice via middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and the expression of miR-146a was detected in the brain tissue via quantitative real-time PCR. We found that the expression of miR-146a was up-regulated. Furthermore, the endogenous miR-146a was antagonized by its specific inhibitor...
March 5, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
F Y Chen, X Y Fang, H Zhang
Secondary injury of brain tissue following cerebral infarction exhibits a complicated pathogenesis that is attributed to the induction of apoptosis and inflammatory response. The present study aimed to investigate the polydatin neuroprotective effects and their mode of action in cerebral ischemic injury. A total of 80 healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a Sham operated group, a permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) group, a Polydatin low dose group and a Polydatin high dose group...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Maria J Perez-Alvarez, Mario Villa Gonzalez, Irene Benito-Cuesta, Francisco G Wandosell
Intense efforts are being undertaken to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms triggered after brain ischemia and to develop effective pharmacological treatments. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are complex and not completely understood. One of the main problems is the fact that the ischemic damage is time-dependent and ranges from negligible to massive, involving different cell types such as neurons, astrocytes, microglia, endothelial cells, and some blood-derived cells (neutrophils, lymphocytes, etc...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Mohammad-Reza Rahmani, Ali Shamsizadeh, Amir Moghadam-Ahmadi, Ayat Kayedi, Mohammad Allahtavakoli
INTRODUCTION: Investigators are searching to find new therapeutic strategies to reduce stroke secondary injury. JZL-184 (JZL) is an inhibitory factor for production of arachidonic acid (AA). Thus, it suppresses production of AA metabolites which are the cause of inflammation and tissue edema. Therefore, JZL may be considered for suppression of stroke secondary injury in mice middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model. Additionally, Aspirin is a known anti-inflammatory factor which is used to reduce pro-inflammatory secondary injury...
February 26, 2018: Life Sciences
Yirong Yang, Lisa Y Yang, Lilla Orban, Darnell Cuylear, Jeffrey Thompson, Bruce Simon, Yi Yang
BACKGROUND: Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) significantly reduces infarct volume in rat models of cerebral ischemia, but the mechanism of this protective effect remains open. HYPOTHESIS: This study tested the hypothesis that non-invasive VNS (nVNS), during transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), protects the blood-brain barrier (BBB), leading to reduced infarct size in ischemic brain. METHODS: Spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) were subjected to a 90 min MCAO...
February 15, 2018: Brain Stimulation
Zhuo-Qiong Li, Ze-Yu Cao, Liang Cao, Zhi-Peng Ke, Zhen-Zhong Wang, Wei Xiao
The left middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was made by inserting the nylon thread plug into the internal carotid artery. The behavioral score, cerebral infarction area, brain water content, ethidium bromide (EB) spillover, coagulation four indices, occludin and MMP-9 expression in brain tissues were detected after 14 days of administration, to investigate whether the protective effect of ginkgo diterpene lactone meglumine injection (GDLMI) which had obvious protective effect on cerebral ischemic injury in the previous experiment was related to reducing the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and reducing the risk of bleeding, and to explore its possible mechanism of action...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Yan-Ping Luo, Hong Zhang, Han-Fei Hu, Ze-Yu Cao, Xin-Zhuang Zhang, Liang Cao, Zhen-Zhong Wang, Wei Xiao
To investigate the protective effects of ginkgo diterpene lactone meglumine injection (GDLMI) on cerebral focal ischemia reperfusion injury induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats, and explore its possible mechanism. One hundred and forty male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, ginkgo biloba extract injection (Ginaton, 1.0 mL•kg⁻¹) group, nimodipine (0.4 mg•kg⁻¹) group, and GDLMI (5.2, 2.6, 1.3 mg•kg⁻¹) groups; All of rats received corresponding drugs by tail vein injection 4 days before operation (normal saline in model group and sham operation group)...
December 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Mouwei Zheng, Ronghua Chen, Hongbin Chen, Yixian Zhang, Jianhao Chen, Peiqiang Lin, Quan Lan, Qilin Yuan, Yongxing Lai, Xinhong Jiang, Xiaodong Pan, Nan Liu
As a secreted axon guidance molecule, Netrin-1 has been documented to be a neuroprotective factor, which can reduce infarct volume, promote angiogenesis and anti-apoptosis after stroke in rodents. However, its role in axonal regeneration and synaptic formation after cerebral ischemic injury, and the related underlying mechanisms remain blurred. In this study, we used Adeno-associated vectors carrying Netrin-1 gene (AAV-NT-1) to up-regulate the expression level of Netrin-1 in rats' brain after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Huijun Wu, Hui Liu, Fengtong Zuo, Lihua Zhang
Cerebral ischemia injury is a clinical, frequently occurring disease, which causes a heavy burden on society and families. It has been demonstrated that cytosolic phospholipase A2α (cPLA2α) is significant in neurological injury caused by ischemic brain injury, and inhibition of cPLA2α may reduce stroke injury. In the present study, the role of cPLA2α was investigated in a mouse model of middle cerebral artery occlusion and/or reperfusion (MCAO/R) using an effective cPLA2α inhibitor and adenoviruses‑mediated RNA interference...
February 15, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Cai-Jun Xie, Ai-Ping Gu, Jun Cai, Yi Wu, Rui-Cong Chen
Background and Purpose: Curcumin, a natural antioxidant isolated from Curcuma longa, has been reported to exert neuroprotective effect in animal models of ischemic stroke. However, the underlying mechanism is still not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of curcumin treatment on neuronal apoptosis in the periinfarct cortex after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and in mouse N2a cells after oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) injury and its underlying mechanism...
February 2018: Brain and Behavior
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