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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712737/pharmacists-can-help-prevent-lipoid-pneumonia
#1
Ann E Cabri, Afoma King, Lee Morrow, Mark A Malesker
OBJECTIVES: To report 2 cases of lipoid pneumonia. SUMMARY: Lipoid pneumonia is an inflammatory process in the lower airways due to the presence of lipid molecules in the alveoli. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia is due to the inhalation or aspiration of fat-containing substances. Historically, mineral oil is the most common medication cause but there have also been several reports of lipoid pneumonia associated with petroleum jelly, medicated vapor rub, and lip glosses...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701045/investigating-chemical-composition-and-indications-of-hydrosol-soft-drinks-aromatic-waters-used-in-persian-folk-medicine-for-women-s-hormonal-and-reproductive-health-conditions
#2
Azadeh Hamedi, Mehdi Afifi, Hamed Etemadfard
Hydrosol soft drinks in Persian nutrition culture are produced as side products of the essential oil industry to be used as safe remedies for treatment of some ailments. This study investigated hydrosols for women's hormonal health conditions. Detailed information was gathered by questionnaires. Chemical constituents of these mono- or poly-herbal hydrosols were identified after liquid/liquid extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Hierarchical cluster and K-means analysis (SPSS software) were used to find their relevance...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667094/menthol-levels-in-cigarettes-from-eight-manufacturers
#3
Jiu Ai, Kenneth M Taylor, Joseph G Lisko, Hang Tran, Clifford H Watson, Matthew R Holman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663522/it-s-the-21st-century-isn-t-it-past-time-to-ban-menthol-cigarette-sales
#4
EDITORIAL
Ruth E Malone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661301/finished-with-menthol-an-evidence-based-policy-option-that-will-save-lives
#5
Joelle M Lester, Stacey Younger Gagosian
Smoking remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States, killing approximately 480,000 people each year. This crushing health burden falls disproportionately, and recent CDC data shows that large disparities in adult cigarette smoking remain. One factor in these disparities is the use of flavors. Menthol cigarettes and other flavored tobacco products are used at higher rates by vulnerable populations including youth and young adults, African Americans, women, Hispanics and Asian Americans...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637344/nicotine-delivery-to-the-aerosol-of-a-heat-not-burn-tobacco-product-comparison-with-a-tobacco-cigarette-and-e-cigarettes
#6
Konstantinos E Farsalinos, Nikoletta Yannovits, Theoni Sarri, Vassilis Voudris, Konstantinos Poulas
Introduction: The purpose was to measure nicotine levels to the tobacco and levels emitted to the aerosol of a heat-not-burn product (HnB, IQOS) compared to e-cigarettes (ECs) and a tobacco cigarette. Methods: The HnB device and regular and menthol sticks were purchased from Italy. Three types of ECs (ciga-like, eGo-style and variable wattage) and a commercially-available tobacco cigarette were also tested. A custom-made liquid containing 2% nicotine was used with ECs...
June 16, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633539/a-survey-on-chemical-constituents-and-indications-of-aromatic-waters-soft-drinks-hydrosols-used-in-persian-nutrition-culture-and-folk-medicine-for-neurological-disorders-and-mental-health
#7
Azadeh Hamedi, Ardalan Pasdaran, Zahra Zebarjad, Mahmoodreza Moein
In Persian nutrition culture, drinking aromatic waters (hydrosols, distillate) has a long history as functional beverages or therapeutic remedies. The co-distilled water with essential oils, which contains partial amounts of more water-soluble volatile compounds are diluted and used as beverages. Since the solubility of volatile components is different in water, the overall composition, and thus the biological activities of aromatic waters seem to be different from the essential oils they were co-distilled with...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612587/%C3%A2-menthol-induces-reversal-of-promoter-hypermethylation-and-associated-up-regulation-of-the-fancf-gene-in-the-siha-cell-line
#8
Gaurav Parashar, Nidarshana Chaturvedi Parashar, Neena Capalash
Objective: To identify natural bioactive molecules with potential to inhibit DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and cause reactivation of genes silenced due to promoter hypermethylation. Methods and Results: -(-) Menthol and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) (reference molecule) were investigated using an in vitro methylation assay, which indicated potential of –(-)menthol as an epigenetic modulator with the ability to directly inhibit M.SssI (an analogue of DNMT1) activity at 100μM. Methylation specific PCR and bisulphite sequencing revealed complete hypomethylation of 15 CpG sites in the Fanconi anemia, complementation group F (FANCF) gene between +280 and + 432 nucleotides relative to the transcription start site, which resulted in significant (P<0...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592404/alcohol-flavoured-tobacco-products
#9
Robert K Jackler, Callie K VanWinkle, Isabela M Bumanlag, Divya Ramamurthi
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) banned characterising flavours in cigarettes (except for menthol) due to their appeal to teen starter smokers. In August 2016, the agency deemed all tobacco products to be under its authority and a more comprehensive flavour ban is under consideration. OBJECTIVES: To determine the scope and scale of alcohol-flavoured tobacco products among cigars & cigarillos, hookahs and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes)...
June 7, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575408/trends-in-sales-of-flavored-and-menthol-tobacco-products-in-the-united-states-during-2011-2015
#10
Nicole M Kuiper, Doris Gammon, Brett Loomis, Kyle Falvey, Teresa W Wang, Brian A King, Todd Rogers
Introduction: Flavors can mask the harshness of tobacco and make it appealing to young people. This study assessed flavored and menthol tobacco product sales at the national and state levels. Methods: Universal Product Code (UPC) tobacco sales data collected by Nielsen were combined for convenience stores and all-outlets-combined during October 22, 2011-January 9, 2016. Products were characterized as flavored, menthol, or non-flavored/non-menthol. Total unit sales, and the proportion of flavored and menthol unit sales, were assessed nationally and by state for seven tobacco products...
June 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553838/more-than-just-chillin-interactive-effects-of-menthol-and-nicotine-in-drug-reward
#11
Valeria Lallai, Christie D Fowler
Neuropsychopharmacology accepted article preview online, 29 May 2017. doi:10.1038/npp.2017.107.
May 29, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549291/antidiabetogenic-efficiency-of-menthol-improves-glucose-homeostasis-and-attenuates-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-apoptosis-in-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-experimental-rats-through-ameliorating-glucose-metabolic-enzymes
#12
Udaiyar Muruganathan, Subramani Srinivasan, Veerasamy Vinothkumar
The phytochemical, menthol, has been reported to play many beneficial roles. However, under diabetic conditions, there is no detail mechanism of its beneficial action in the glucose homeostasis. The present study, we investigated to explore the role of menthol, on the glucose metabolic enzymes and pancreatic islet cell apoptosis of streptozotocin-nicotinamide (STZ-NA) induced diabetes in rats. Diabetes was induced by single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of STZ (50mg/kg/b.w.) and NA (110mg/kg/b.w.). Diabetic rats were treated with different dose of menthol (25, 50, and 100mg/kg/b...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549156/early-subjective-sensory-experiences-with-cigalike-e-cigarettes-among-african-american-menthol-smokers-a-qualitative-study
#13
Sabrina L Smiley, Teresa DeAtley, Leslie F Rubin, Emily Harvey, Elexis C Kierstead, Monica Webb Hooper, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Jennifer L Pearson
Introduction: Despite smoker interest in e-cigarettes as a harm reduction or cessation aid, many smokers prematurely discontinue vaping after trying a product. This study explored the role of early subjective sensory experience in vaping persistence and desistence. Methods: African American menthol cigarette smokers aged ≥18 years (n=15; M=54.1 years; SD=8.2), motivated to quit smoking, and interested in trying e-cigarettes were recruited in Washington, D.C. Participants were followed for three weeks and provided menthol cigalike e-cigarettes after week one...
May 26, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546949/properties-of-macerated-herbal-oil
#14
Fahsai Kantawong, Supawatchara Singhatong, Aomjai Srilamay, Kantarose Boonyuen, Niroot Mooti, Phenphichar Wanachantararak, Thasaneeya Kuboki
Introduction: The addition of herbs into hot sesame oil could increase the oil-pulling efficiency of sesame oil. The aim of present study was to modify the proportion of herbs and sesame oil with the addition of other ingredients including menthol, camphor, and borneol and improve the medicinal properties and the scent of the oil. Methods: Macerated herbal oil was prepared by heat extraction of five species of herbs (Zingiber cassumunar, Zingiber zerumbet, Plantago major Linn, Citrus hystrix, and Amomum biflorum) with hot sesame oil...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524111/synthesis-and-pharmacological-properties-of-novel-esters-based-on-monoterpenoids-and-glycine
#15
Mariia Nesterkina, Iryna Kravchenko
Esters based on mono- and bicyclic terpenoids with glycine have been synthesized via Steglich esterification and characterized by ¹H-NMR, IR, and mass spectral studies. Their analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities were investigated after transdermal delivery on models of formalin, capsaicin, and AITC-induced pain, respectively. Glycine esters of menthol and borneol exhibited higher antinociceptive action, whereas eugenol derivative significantly suppressed the development of the inflammatory process. The mechanism of competitive binding between terpenoid esters and TRPA1/TRPV1 agonists was proposed explaining significant analgesic effect of synthesized derivatives...
May 18, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514868/phytochemical-composition-and-in-vitro-screening-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-essential-oils-on-oral-pathogenic-bacteria
#16
Roberta Tardugno, Federica Pellati, Ramona Iseppi, Moreno Bondi, Giacomo Bruzzesi, Stefania Benvenuti
In this study, the activity of essential oils (EOs) against microorganisms involved in oral diseases was evaluated. Fourteen EOs were selected and subjected to gas chromatographic analysis, including Illicium verum, Eucaliptus globulus, Eugenia caryophyllata, Leptospermum scoparium, Mentha arvensis, Mentha piperita, Myrtus communis, Salvia officinalis, Melaleuca alternifolia, Rosmarinus officinalis, Lavandula x intermedia, Thymus capitatus and Thymus vulgaris. These EOs were tested for their antimicrobial activity on Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus species clinically isolated from dental surgery patients...
May 17, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509873/leishmanicidal-activity-and-structure-activity-relationships-of-essential-oil-constituents
#17
Audrey R S T Silva, Ricardo Scher, Flaviane V Santos, Sebastião R Ferreira, Sócrates C H Cavalcanti, Cristiane B Correa, Lilian L Bueno, Ricardo J Alves, Damião P Souza, Ricardo T Fujiwara, Silvio S Dolabella
Several constituents of essential oils have been shown to be active against pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. This study demonstrated the in vitro action of ten compounds present in essential oils against Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes. With the exception of p-cymene, all evaluated compounds presented leishmanicidal activity, exhibiting IC50 between 25.4 and 568.1 μg mL(-1). Compounds with the best leishmanicidal activity presented a phenolic moiety (IC50 between 25.4 and 82.9 μg mL(-1))...
May 16, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508114/oral-l-menthol-reduces-thermal-sensation-increases-work-rate-and-extends-time-to-exhaustion-in-the-heat-at-a-fixed-rating-of-perceived-exertion
#18
T R Flood, M Waldron, O Jeffries
PURPOSE: The study investigated the effect of a non-thermal cooling agent, L-menthol, on exercise at a fixed subjective rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in a hot environment. METHOD: Eight male participants completed two trials at an exercise intensity between 'hard' and 'very hard', equating to 16 on the RPE scale at ~35 °C. Participants were instructed to continually adjust their power output to maintain an RPE of 16 throughout the exercise trial, stopping once power output had fallen by 30%...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496992/flavored-little-cigar-smoke-induces-cytotoxicity-and-apoptosis-in-airway-epithelia
#19
Arunava Ghosh, Rachel C Nethery, Amy H Herring, Robert Tarran
Addition of flavors reduces the harsh taste of tobacco, facilitating the initiation and maintenance of addiction among youths. Flavored cigarettes (except menthol) are now banned. However, the legislation on little cigars remains unclear and flavored little cigars are currently available for purchase. Since inhaled tobacco smoke directly exerts toxic effects on the lungs, we tested whether non-flavored and flavored little cigar smoke exposure had the potential for harm in cultured pulmonary epithelia. We cultured Calu-3 lung epithelia on both 96-well plates and at the air-liquid interface and exposed them to smoke from non-flavored Swisher Sweets and flavored (sweet cherry, grape, menthol, peach and strawberry) Swisher Sweets little cigars...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496415/inflammatory-effects-of-menthol-vs-non-menthol-cigarette-smoke-extract-on-human-lung-epithelial-cells-a-double-hit-on-trpm8-by-reactive-oxygen-species-and-menthol
#20
An-Hsuan Lin, Meng-Han Liu, Hsin-Kuo B Ko, Diahn-Warng Perng, Tzong-Shyuan Lee, Yu Ru Kou
Clinical studies suggest that smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who use menthol cigarettes may display more severe lung inflammation than those who smoke non-menthol cigarette. However, the mechanisms for this difference remain unclear. Menthol is a ligand of transient receptor potential melastatin-8 (TRPM8), a Ca(2+)-permeant channel sensitive to reactive oxygen species (ROS). We previously reported that exposure of human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) to non-menthol cigarette smoke extract (Non-M-CSE) triggers a cascade of inflammatory signaling leading to IL-8 induction...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
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