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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729224/what-are-the-boundaries-of-unconscious-semantic-cognition
#1
Benjamin Rohaut, Lionel Naccache
What are the scope and the limits, if any, of unconscious cognition? Can the human mind access to the meaning of a printed word without any awareness of the stimulus? During the last 20 years, evidence supporting the existence of unconscious semantic processing of words has accumulated (for a short review see Naccache, 2008). But still, many questions remain unanswered. How deep can these processes occur? Can multiple words, sets of words or complex syntactic structures such as sentences be processed unconsciously? Can multiple meanings of polysemous words be represented unconsciously?...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708415/the-psychotic-part-of-the-personality-bion-s-expeditions-into-unmapped-mental-life
#2
Avner Bergstein
The psychotic part of the personality is seen as a multidimensional mental realm that is fully comprehensible only through intuition and tolerance of approximations, transience, and the notion of infinity. It is suggested that a major differentiating factor between the psychotic and nonpsychotic parts of the personality is the capacity to tolerate the infinite complexity of the human mind. With the use of mathematical concepts, Bion tries to describe the state of mind required of the analyst who endeavors to tread on psychotic territories of the personality...
April 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704287/subliminal-encoding-and-flexible-retrieval-of-objects-in-scenes
#3
Sergej Wuethrich, Deborah E Hannula, Fred W Mast, Katharina Henke
Our episodic memory stores what happened when and where in life. Episodic memory requires the rapid formation and flexible retrieval of where things are located in space. Consciousness of the encoding scene is considered crucial for episodic memory formation. Here, we question the necessity of consciousness and hypothesize that humans can form unconscious episodic memories. Participants were presented with subliminal scenes, i.e., scenes invisible to the conscious mind. The scenes displayed objects at certain locations for participants to form unconscious object-in-space memories...
April 27, 2018: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609475/effectiveness-of-a-smartphone-based-worry-reduction-training-for-stress-reduction-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Anke Versluis, Bart Verkuil, Philip Spinhoven, Jos F Brosschot
OBJECTIVE: Perseverative cognition (e.g. worry) and unconscious stress are suggested to be important mediators in the relation between stressors and physiological health. We examined whether a smartphone-based worry-reduction training improved a physiological marker of stress (i.e. increased heart rate variability [HRV]) and unconscious stress. DESIGN: Randomised-controlled trial was conducted with individuals reporting work stress (n = 136). Participants were randomised to the experimental, control or waitlist condition (resp...
April 3, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398558/physics-of-mind-experimental-confirmations-of-theoretical-predictions
#5
REVIEW
Félix Schoeller, Leonid Perlovsky, Dmitry Arseniev
What is common among Newtonian mechanics, statistical physics, thermodynamics, quantum physics, the theory of relativity, astrophysics and the theory of superstrings? All these areas of physics have in common a methodology, which is discussed in the first few lines of the review. Is a physics of the mind possible? Is it possible to describe how a mind adapts in real time to changes in the physical world through a theory based on a few basic laws? From perception and elementary cognition to emotions and abstract ideas allowing high-level cognition and executive functioning, at nearly all levels of study, the mind shows variability and uncertainties...
February 2, 2018: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369681/the-importance-of-awareness-for-understanding-language
#6
Hugh Rabagliati, Alexander Robertson, David Carmel
Is consciousness required for high level cognitive processes, or can the unconscious mind perform tasks that are as complex and difficult as, for example, understanding a sentence? Recent work has argued that, yes, the unconscious mind can: Sklar et al. (2012) found that sentences, masked from consciousness using the technique of continuous flash suppression (CFS), broke into awareness more rapidly when their meanings were more unusual or more emotionally negative, even though processing the sentences' meaning required unconsciously combining each word's meaning...
February 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364077/einstein-time-and-the-unconscious
#7
Gerald J Gargiulo
This paper discusses how we interpret and experience time and how such experiences affect our understanding of the topographical as well as the structural models. Following the thought of both ancient Hindu teachings (the Upanishads) and contemporary findings from quantum mechanics, the paper frames the discussion within a unitary experience of both mind and everyday experience. The function and role of clinical interpretations are also discussed. Following the tradition articulated in Roy Schaffer's action language model as well as insights from existentialism, the paper offers a deeper appreciation of individual agency and its role in self-understanding and personal growth...
February 2018: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329355/when-the-brain-changes-its-mind-oscillatory-dynamics-of-conflict-processing-and-response-switching-in-a-flanker-task-during-alcohol-challenge
#8
Lauren E Beaton, Sheeva Azma, Ksenija Marinkovic
Despite the subjective experience of being in full and deliberate control of our actions, our daily routines rely on a continuous and interactive engagement of sensory evaluation and response preparation streams. They unfold automatically and unconsciously and are seamlessly integrated with cognitive control which is mobilized by stimuli that evoke ambiguity or response conflict. Methods with high spatio-temporal sensitivity are needed to provide insight into the interplay between automatic and controlled processing...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089567/imaging-the-creative-unconscious-reflexive-neural-responses-to-objects-in-the-visual-and-parahippocampal-region-predicts-state-and-trait-creativity
#9
Morten Friis-Olivarius, Oliver J Hulme, Martin Skov, Thomas Z Ramsøy, Hartwig R Siebner
What does it take to have a creative mind? Theories of creative cognition assert that the quantity of automatic associations places fundamental constraints on the probability of reaching creative solutions. Due to the difficulties inherent in isolating automated associative responses from cognitive control, the neural basis underlying this faculty remains unknown. Here we acquired fMRI data in an incidental-viewing paradigm in which subjects performed an attention-demanding task whilst viewing task-irrelevant objects...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065875/a-randomised-trial-of-the-influence-of-racial-stereotype-bias-on-examiners-scores-feedback-and-recollections-in-undergraduate-clinical-exams
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Peter Yeates, Katherine Woolf, Emyr Benbow, Ben Davies, Mairhead Boohan, Kevin Eva
BACKGROUND: Asian medical students and doctors receive lower scores on average than their white counterparts in examinations in the UK and internationally (a phenomenon known as "differential attainment"). This could be due to examiner bias or to social, psychological or cultural influences on learning or performance. We investigated whether students' scores or feedback show influence of ethnicity-related bias; whether examiners unconsciously bring to mind (activate) stereotypes when judging Asian students' performance; whether activation depends on the stereotypicality of students' performances; and whether stereotypes influence examiner memories of performances...
October 25, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994473/preliminary-thoughts-on-the-neurobiology-of-innate-unconscious-structures-and-the-psychodynamics-of-language-acquisition
#11
Susan Mizen
This paper builds upon Britton's recent writing on 'models in the mind', in which he gives an account of preverbal metaphoric structures based on object relations (Britton 2015). These correspond with Jung's theory of innate unconscious structures. These innate models are considered alongside current linguistic theory following Chomsky and post-Chomskyan views about language acquisition. Neuroscience evidence linking language and abstract thinking with structures involved in tool use are presented. The implications of these findings, and our understanding of the relational context within which language, metaphor and abstract thought are acquired, will be discussed along with the failures of symbolization and verbal communication common amongst those with severe narcissistic disorders...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994471/god-of-the-hinge-treating-lgbtqia-patients
#12
Annie Boland
This paper looks at systems of gender within the context of analysis. It explores the unique challenges of individuation faced by transsexual, transgender, gender queer, gender non-conforming, cross-dressing and intersex patients. To receive patients generously we need to learn how a binary culture produces profound and chronic trauma. These patients wrestle with being who they are whilst simultaneously receiving negative projections and feeling invisible. While often presenting with the struggles of gender conforming individuals, understanding the specifically gendered aspect of their identity is imperative...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957579/development-of-cultural-competence-among-social-work-students-a-psychoanalytic-perspective
#13
Noga Levin-Keini, Shirley Ben Shlomo
This article addresses the development of attitudes toward the other and otherness in light of the classical psychoanalytical approach of Freud. Through this approach, the authors attempt to surmount the criticism that was raised in the literature in connection with the difficulty faced by students and professionals in the field of social work in achieving cultural competence. Based on this approach the authors suggest that cultural competence can develop provided two conditions exist: (1) interpersonal contact between lecturer and student, and (2) using the bond to help the student connect with the inner stranger within himself or herself, or as Freud put it, connecting with the "unconscious parts of the mind...
October 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950963/mimicking-emotions
#14
REVIEW
Agneta Fischer, Ursula Hess
Emotional mimicry refers to the tendency to mimic other's emotions in order to share minds. We present new evidence that supports our Contextual Model of Emotional Mimicry, showing that emotional mimicry serves affiliative goals that vary across social contexts. This also implies the opposite, namely that we (unconsciously) refrain from mimicking others' emotions if we want to keep emotional distance. Facial mimicry of emotions is further suggested to be a largely top-down process, based on goals and representations, rather than on mere watching others' facial movements...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919868/the-affective-core-of-the-self-a-neuro-archetypical-perspective-on-the-foundations-of-human-and-animal-subjectivity
#15
REVIEW
Antonio Alcaro, Stefano Carta, Jaak Panksepp
Psychologists usually considered the "Self" as an object of experience appearing when the individual perceives its existence within the conscious field. In accordance with such a view, the self-representing capacity of the human mind has been related to corticolimbic learning processes taking place within individual development. On the other hand, Carl Gustav Jung considered the Self as the core of our personality, in its conscious and unconscious aspects, as well as in its actual and potential forms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899121/unconscious-fantasy-and-the-priming-phenomenon
#16
Anne Erreich
This paper is the third in a series of investigations into (1) the nature and development of unconscious fantasy, (2) its place in a contemporary model of mind that, parenthetically, suggests a possible solution to the problem of theoretical pluralism, and (3) its mode of operation in the mind. The aim of these investigations is to update the notion of unconscious fantasy, an indispensable construct in psychoanalytic theories that assume out-of-awareness mentation, and to situate that construct within contemporary views of mental functioning in disciplines such as philosophy of mind, cognitive science, and developmental psychology...
April 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832810/spontaneous-rupture-of-right-gastroepiploic-artery-aneurysm-a-rare-cause-of-hemorrhagic-shock-case-report
#17
Talha Sarigoz, Sedat Carkit, Omer Topuz, Tamer Ertan, Ali Koc
CONTEXT: Aneurysms of the gastroepiploic arteries are seen only rarely. They are usually diagnosed during autopsy or laparotomy in patients with hemodynamic instability. Although the operation to treat this condition is relatively easy, delay in making the diagnosis affects the course of the disease. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department with abdominal pain and unconsciousness. A computed tomography scan showed extravasation of contrast agent at the headcorpus junction of the pancreas, and the patient underwent exploratory laparotomy under general anesthesia...
August 21, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815704/the-vibrant-challenges-of-clinically-effective-psychoanalytic-mindedness
#18
Michael J Diamond
In addressing the central challenges of developing and maintaining the analyst's psychoanalytic mindedness, this paper focuses on two particularly challenging core components of clinical effectiveness not so easily developed despite the rigors of the tripartite training model. The first is the analyst's receptivity to unconscious communication, which entails the analyst's curiosity, acceptance of human nature, doubt, restraint, narcissistic balance, and integrity. A brief clinical vignette illustrates this...
July 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776658/the-possessions-at-loudun-tracking-the-discourse-of-dissociation
#19
Craig E Stephenson
Embedded in the history of dissociation is the best known case of possession in European history, the 17(th) century possessions at Loudun, France (1632-1638). The exorcisms and the trial drew crowds from all over Europe, the outcome prefiguring the direction in which the Western science of mind would be carried. The published debate about the possessed and obsessed Ursuline nuns of Loudun spans four centuries. One can track how theorizing about dissociation changed over time, with psychological contributions by Jean Martin Charcot, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Pierre Janet, Michel Foucault and Michel de Certeau...
September 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759698/what-is-the-unconscious-and-where-is-it-located-in-the-brain-a-neuropsychoanalytic-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Mark Solms
This is a brief overview of my "neuropsychoanalytic" perspective on the unconscious. It should make clear how much psychoanalysis has to gain from incorporating the findings of neuroscientific disciplines studying the same part of nature-the workings of the human mind. I hope it makes equally clear what useful new perspectives can be cast on current issues in cognitive neuroscience, if they, in turn, incorporate the findings of psychoanalysis.
October 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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