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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933025/implicit-detection-of-poetic-harmony-by-the-na%C3%A3-ve-brain
#1
Awel Vaughan-Evans, Robat Trefor, Llion Jones, Peredur Lynch, Manon W Jones, Guillaume Thierry
The power of poetry is universally acknowledged, but it is debatable whether its appreciation is reserved for experts. Here, we show that readers with no particular knowledge of a traditional form of Welsh poetry unconsciously distinguish phrases conforming to its complex poetic construction rules from those that violate them. We studied the brain response of native speakers of Welsh as they read meaningful sentences ending in a word that either complied with strict poetic construction rules, violated rules of consonantal repetition, violated stress pattern, or violated both these constraints...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895558/physics-of-the-mind
#2
Leonid I Perlovsky
Is it possible to turn psychology into "hard science"? Physics of the mind follows the fundamental methodology of physics in all areas where physics have been developed. What is common among Newtonian mechanics, statistical physics, quantum physics, thermodynamics, theory of relativity, astrophysics… and a theory of superstrings? The common among all areas of physics is a methodology of physics discussed in the first few lines of the paper. Is physics of the mind possible? Is it possible to describe the mind based on the few first principles as physics does? The mind with its variabilities and uncertainties, the mind from perception and elementary cognition to emotions and abstract ideas, to high cognition...
2016: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859150/the-invasion-of-reality-or-of-negotiation-the%C3%A2-psychoanalytic-ethic-and-extinction-anxiety
#3
Nicola Nociforo
Extinction anxiety is the expression used to describe a pervasive and ever more realistic sense of futurelessness. A group emotion characterized by terror of the extinction of the human race, the family, or professional or shared cultural group, it grips the individual with a sense of desperation and impotence through the internal groups present in the mind of every individual. The contribution presented here aims to demonstrate how extinction anxiety has also infected psychoanalysts and psychoanalytic institutions, thereby seriously weakening the ethics of psychoanalysis...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753149/functional-dystonia-and-the-borderland-between-neurology-and-psychiatry-new-concepts
#4
Rachel Newby, Jane Alty, Peter Kempster
Mind-brain dualism has dominated historical commentary on dystonia, a dichotomous approach that has left our conceptual grasp of it stubbornly incomplete. This is particularly true of functional dystonia, most diagnostically challenging of all functional movement disorders, in which the question of inherent psychogenicity remains a focus of debate. Phenomenological signs considered in isolation lack the specificity to distinguish organic and nonorganic forms, and dystonia's variability has frustrated attempts to develop objective laboratory-supported standards...
October 18, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723179/self-and-identity-over-time-dementia
#5
Juliette Brown
Here, the author revisits the discussion on the impact of dementia on experiences of self and identity over time that formed part of the workshop session on Mental Disorder and Selfhood at Kings College London, September 1, 2015. Dementia is described as being synonymous with loss, but this, in the author's view, is due to conscious and unconscious focus on the later stages of the illness that undermine all our abilities to think about and use the intervening years. Those years can deliver remarkable insights into the capacity to navigate fragmented identities...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665499/mindfulness-practice-a-promising-approach-to-reducing-the-effects-of-clinician-implicit-bias-on-patients
#6
Diana J Burgess, Mary Catherine Beach, Somnath Saha
Like the population at large, health care providers hold implicit racial and ethnic biases that may contribute to health care disparities. Little progress has been made in identifying and implementing effective strategies to address these normal but potentially harmful unconscious cognitive processes. We propose that meditation training designed to increase healthcare providers' mindfulness skills is a promising and potentially sustainable way to address this problem. Emerging evidence suggests that mindfulness practice can reduce the provider contribution to healthcare disparities through several mechanisms including: reducing the likelihood that implicit biases will be activated in the mind, increasing providers' awareness of and ability to control responses to implicit biases once activated, increasing self-compassion and compassion toward patients, and reducing internal sources of cognitive load (e...
September 15, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662047/practicing-psychoanalysis-and-psychodynamic-psychotherapies-in-developing-societies
#7
Saeed Shoja Shafti
Vital to the contemporary exercise of psychiatry is the biopsychosocial approach, with psychotherapy as its well-defined, and requisite, constituent. The key objectives of psychoanalysis and other related therapies are the amelioration of symptoms and modification of character by probing the unconscious. But the practice of psychoanalysis and similar insight-oriented techniques is in developing nations is different from developed countries due to cultural and educational reasons, along with a shortage of required facilities...
2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642191/neurolinguistic-relativity-how-language-flexes-human-perception-and-cognition
#8
Guillaume Thierry
The time has come, perhaps, to go beyond merely acknowledging that language is a core manifestation of the workings of the human mind and that it relates interactively to all aspects of thinking. The issue, thus, is not to decide whether language and human thought may be ineluctably linked (they just are), but rather to determine what the characteristics of this relationship may be and to understand how language influences-and may be influenced by-nonverbal information processing. In an attempt to demystify linguistic relativity, I review neurolinguistic studies from our research group showing a link between linguistic distinctions and perceptual or conceptual processing...
September 2016: Language Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634721/naturalizing-responsibility
#9
Silvia Zullo
In the contemporary debate on the use of the neurosciences in ethics and law, numerous arguments have been bandied about among scientists and philosophers looking to uphold or reject the reliability and validity of scientific findings obtained by brain imaging technologies. Among the most vexing questions is, Can we trust that technology? One point of disagreement is whether brain scans offer a window through which to observe the functioning of the mind, in such a way as to enable lawyers, judges, physicians, and lawmakers to detect anomalies in brain function that may account for criminal unconscious behavior...
October 2016: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562332/psychoanalysis-and-the-law
#10
Morris N Eagle
The paper discusses Freud's view of the law as the implementation of collective violence on the individual violator. I focus on the implications of the link between the superego (as the source of moral judgment) and the aggressive drive and suggest that we need to be ever vigilant regarding the danger of employing the law as a disguised means of taking pleasure in collective violence. The paper also discusses Freud's conception of personal responsibility, according to which we are responsible for all our behavior, including unconsciously motivated behavior (such as slips and dreams)...
August 23, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546034/mind-the-gap-a-journey-towards-computational-toxicology
#11
REVIEW
Giuseppe Felice Mangiatordi, Domenico Alberga, Cosimo Damiano Altomare, Angelo Carotti, Marco Catto, Saverio Cellamare, Domenico Gadaleta, Gianluca Lattanzi, Francesco Leonetti, Leonardo Pisani, Angela Stefanachi, Daniela Trisciuzzi, Orazio Nicolotti
Computational methods have advanced toxicology towards the development of target-specific models based on a clear cause-effect rationale. However, the predictive potential of these models presents strengths and weaknesses. On the good side, in silico models are valuable cheap alternatives to in vitro and in vivo experiments. On the other, the unconscious use of in silico methods can mislead end-users with elusive results. The focus of this review is on the basic scientific and regulatory recommendations in the derivation and application of computational models...
September 2016: Molecular Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530170/the-realization-of-absolute-beauty-an-interpretation-of-the-fairytale-snow-white
#12
Nanae Takenaka
This paper interprets the fairytale Snow White (Bruder Grimm 1857) in terms of the realization of absolute beauty. Jung's understanding that 'in myths and fairytales, as in dreams, the soul speaks about itself' (Jung 1945, para. 400), underpins such an approach. From this perspective a fantasy image is not about us, not about our unconsciousness, but is essentially about itself. The idea of absolute beauty first arises in the Queen's mind as a wish. Despite the Queen's strong desire to be named as the most beautiful person in the world, her mirror reflects that it is actually her daughter Snow White who is the fairest...
September 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522618/the-unconscious-myth-and-the-rule-of-law-reflections-on-the-persistence-of-gender-inequality
#13
J C Smith, David N Weisstub
Social order, to remain stable, needs the voluntary compliance of the majority of the population. Such consent requires normative justification. The rational foundation of the rule of law and the democratic state rests on the presumption of the equality of every citizen. Male domination of females nevertheless remains universal even in the most advanced democratic nation states because it is legitimized by the shared assumption that patriarchy reflects the will of God or is dictated by nature. Freud's diagnosis of patriarchy as a collective neurosis of the group mind negates every possible normative justification that can be made for gender hierarchy...
August 10, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338115/clinical-applications-of-matte-blanco-s-thinking
#14
Michel Sanchez-Cardenas
Ignacio Matte Blanco (1908-1995) left very few specific indications about the applications of his theoretical notions to his interpretative style. The author shows how he uses Matte Blanco to formulate some of his own interpretations. The first part of the paper uses clinical vignettes to illustrate some of Matte-Blanco's concepts. Their theoretical vocabulary is thus made explicit. Then two psychoanalytic sessions are discussed at greater length, together with one from a therapy, so that the use of Matte-Blanco's notions can be seen clearly, allowing for a fresh perspective on areas of psychoanalytic theory, particularly dreams, psychopathology viewed according to the proportions of asymmetrical and symmetrical functioning in the patient's bi-logical mental system, the multidimensionality of the unconscious, the structural unconscious, the emotion-thought relationship, projective identification, resistance, and negative therapeutic reaction...
June 24, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311557/evolutionary-continuity-and-personhood-legal-and-therapeutic-implications-of-animal-consciousness-and-human-unconsciousness
#15
Anne Benvenuti
Convergent lines of research in the biological sciences have made obsolete the commonly held assumption that humans are distinct from and superior to all other animals, a development predicted by evolutionary science. Cumulative evidence has both elevated other animals from the status of "dumb brutes" to that of fully sentient and intentional beings and has simultaneously discredited elevated claims of human rationality, intentionality, and freedom from the constraints experienced by other animals. It follows then that any theoretical model in which humans occupy the top of an imagined evolutionary hierarchy is untenable...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301481/pichon-rivi%C3%A3-re-s-psychoanalytic-contributions-some-comparisons-with-object-relations-and-modern-developments-in-psychoanalysis
#16
David E Scharff, Roberto Losso, Lea Setton
Enrique Pichon-Rivière's work, fundamental to Latin American and European psychoanalytic development, is largely unknown in English-language psychoanalysis. Pichon's central contribution, the link (el vinculo), describes relational bonds in all dimensions. People are born into, live in, and relate through links. Psychic structure is built of links that then influence external interaction. Links, expressed in mind, body and external action, continuously join internal and external worlds. Links have two axes: vertical axis links connect generations through unconscious transgenerational transmission; horizontal axis links connect persons to life partners, family, community and society...
June 15, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194274/georg-groddeck-the-pinch-of-pepper-of-psychoanalysis
#17
Mark F Poster, Galina Hristeva, Michael Giefer
The life and works of Georg Groddeck are reviewed and placed in historical context as a physician and a pioneer of psychoanalysis, psychosomatic medicine, and an epistolary style of writing. His Das Es concept stimulated Freud to construct his tripartite model of the mind. Groddeck, however, used Das Es to facilitate receptivity to unconscious communication with his patients. His "maternal turn" transformed his treatment approach from an authoritarian position to a dialectical process. Groddeck was a generative influence on the development of Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, Erich Fromm, and Karen Horney...
June 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167248/-investigations-of-psychic-spiritual-phenomena-in-the-nineteenth-century-sleepwalking-and-spiritualism-1811-1860
#18
Marcelo Gulão Pimentel, Klaus Chaves Alberto, Alexander Moreira-Almeida
In the early nineteenth century, investigations into the nature of psychic/spiritual phenomena, like trances and the supposed acquisition of information unattainable using normal sensory channels, prompted much debate in the scientific arena. This article discusses the main explanations offered by the researchers of psychic phenomena reported between 1811 and 1860, concentrating on the two main movements in the period: magnetic sleepwalking and modern spiritualism. While the investigations of these phenomena gave rise to multiple theories, they did not yield any consensus...
May 6, 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059815/unconscious-fantasy-or-phantasy-as-clinical-concept
#19
Juan Pablo Jimenez
A clinical phenomenology of the concept 'unconscious fantasy' attempts to describe it from a 'bottom-up' perspective, that is, from the immediate experience of the analyst working in session. Articles of psychoanalytic authors from different persuasions are reviewed, which taken as a whole would shed some light on how the concept of unconscious fantasy takes shape in the analyst's mind during the session with the patient. A clinical phenomenology in three steps is described. Each step is illustrated by clinical material...
April 5, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27035598/extended-posterior-auricular-artery-flap-for-temporo-parietal-scalp-defect-in-previously-irradiated-scalp
#20
Chandan Jadhav, Jeremy Rawlins
BACKGROUND: Temperoparietal scalp defects are fairly common resulting from varied array of etiology. Various reconstructive options exisit, but the aim was to achieve a reliable and simple solution keeping in mind the principle of replacing "like with like." METHODS: The authors present a 83-year-old lady who had a fall at her home and was lying unconscious for quite some time on her right side of her temple, leading to full thickness necrosis of overlying scalp...
May 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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