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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149271/rangatahi-t%C3%A5-rangatira-innovative-health-promotion-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#1
Christina Severinsen, Angelique Reweti
Rangatahi Tū Rangatira (R2R) is a national health promotion programme in Aotearoa New Zealand which aims to promote cultural and physical wellbeing for rangatahi (young people) and their whānau (family). Grounded in tikanga Māori, the programme focuses on total wellbeing, leadership and cultural awareness providing rangatahi opportunities to increase their participation in physical activity and cultural knowledge through ngā taonga tākaro (Māori ancestral games). This paper focuses on an evaluation of this innovative health promotion programme focussing on the delivery of R2R by a local iwi provider in a rural area...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#2
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145876/standing-on-slopes-how-current-microprocessor-controlled-prosthetic-feet-support-transtibial-and-transfemoral-amputees-in-an-everyday-task
#3
Michael Ernst, Björn Altenburg, Malte Bellmann, Thomas Schmalz
BACKGROUND: Conventional prosthetic feet like energy storage and return feet provide only a limited range of ankle motion compared to human ones. In order to overcome the poor rotational adaptability, prosthetic manufacturers developed different prosthetic feet with an additional rotational joint and implemented active control in different states. It was the aim of the study to investigate to what extent these commercially available microprocessor-controlled prosthetic feet support a natural posture while standing on inclines and which concept is most beneficial for lower limb amputees...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144793/interprofessional-collaboration-an-exploration-of-possible-prerequisites-for-successful-implementation
#4
Erik Vestergaard, Birgitte Nørgaard
Poor collaboration among professional groups may be a major cause of incoherent patient pathways in hospital settings. For over a decade, interprofessional collaboration (IPC) have been stressed as an effective method to enhance the delivery of patient care. This article presents a theory-based stakeholder evaluation of the implementation of an intervention aiming to implement the concept of IPC in a Danish regional hospital from 2012 to 2015. Involving five departments and eight professions, the intervention aimed at developing coherent practices across health professions by optimising patient pathways with the establishment of interprofessional teams as a core element...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141663/quality-assurance-of-the-scope-1-trial-in-oesophageal-radiotherapy
#5
Lucy Wills, Rhydian Maggs, Geraint Lewis, Gareth Jones, Lisette Nixon, John Staffurth, Tom Crosby
BACKGROUND: SCOPE 1 was the first UK based multi-centre trial involving radiotherapy of the oesophagus. A comprehensive radiotherapy trials quality assurance programme was launched with two main aims: 1. To assist centres, where needed, to adapt their radiotherapy techniques in order to achieve protocol compliance and thereby enable their participation in the trial. 2. To support the trial's clinical outcomes by ensuring the consistent planning and delivery of radiotherapy across all participating centres...
November 15, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140585/timap-the-versatile-protein-phosphatase-1-regulator-in-endothelial-cells
#6
REVIEW
Anita Boratkó, Csilla Csortos
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β inhibited membrane associated protein, TIMAP, is the member of the myosin phosphatase targeting protein (MYPT) family of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) regulatory subunits. The N-terminal part of TIMAP has a typical MYPT family structure with a sequence element called MyPhone (myosin phosphatase N-terminal element), a putative bipartite nuclear localization signal, a PP1 catalytic subunit binding motif, and five ankyrin repeats. The C-terminal half of TIMAP is intrinsically disordered, but ends with a functional CAAX box for lipid modification which allows localization of TIMAP at the plasma membrane...
November 15, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139260/-study-on-distribution-of-five-heavy-metal-elements-in-different-parts-of-cordyceps-sinensis-by-microwave-digestion-icp-ms
#7
Li Zhou, Qing-Xiu Hao, Sheng Wang, Quan Yang, Chuan-Zhi Kang, Wan-Zhen Yang, Lan-Ping Guo
The contents of five heavy metals (Cu, Pb, As, Cd, Hg) in 17 batches of Cordyceps sinensis were determined by microwave digestion-ICP-MS, and their distribution in C. sinensis were analyzed. The results showed that the contents of Cu, Pb, Cd and Hg in all batches were in accordance with the international standards of Chinese Medicine-Chinese Herbal Medicine Heavy Metal Limit, with their contents in the stroma higher than that in the caterpillar body, and the excess rate of As, which mainly concentrated in the caterpillar body part of C...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139057/cadaveric-simulation-a-review-of-reviews
#8
REVIEW
M Yiasemidou, E Gkaragkani, D Glassman, C S Biyani
BACKGROUND: Traditional surgical training, largely based on the Halstedian model "see one, do one, teach one" is not as effective in the era of working time restrictions and elaborate shift-patterns. As a result, contemporary surgeons turned to educational methods outside the operating theatre such as simulation. Cadavers are high fidelity models but their use has ethical and cost implications and their availability may be limited. In this review, we explore the role of cadaveric simulation in modern surgical education...
November 14, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139051/subject-specific-finite-element-modelling-of-the-human-foot-complex-during-walking-sensitivity-analysis-of-material-properties-boundary-and-loading-conditions
#9
Mohammad Akrami, Zhihui Qian, Zhemin Zou, David Howard, Chris J Nester, Lei Ren
The objective of this study was to develop and validate a subject-specific framework for modelling the human foot. This was achieved by integrating medical image-based finite element modelling, individualised multi-body musculoskeletal modelling and 3D gait measurements. A 3D ankle-foot finite element model comprising all major foot structures was constructed based on MRI of one individual. A multi-body musculoskeletal model and 3D gait measurements for the same subject were used to define loading and boundary conditions...
November 14, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138022/to-which-mixtures-are-french-pregnant-women-mainly-exposed-a-combination-of-the-second-french-total-diet-study-with-the-eden-and-elfe-cohort-studies
#10
T Traoré, A Forhan, V Sirot, M Kadawathagedara, B Heude, M Hulin, B de Lauzon-Guillain, J Botton, M A Charles, A Crépet
Pregnant women and their unborn child are exposed to a large number of substances during pregnancy. Some of these substances may cross the placenta, resulting in exposure of the foetus. There is growing evidence that certain substances could interact to produce a mixture effect. It is therefore essential to identify the main mixtures mothers are exposed to. This study aimed to identify the major mixtures French pregnant women included in EDEN and ELFE cohorts were exposed to, on the basis of the 441 substances analysed in the second French total diet study...
November 11, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136903/multivariate-optimization-of-a-procedure-employing-microwave-assisted-digestion-for-the-determination-of-nickel-and-vanadium-in-crude-oil-by-icp-oes
#11
Shirlei L Dos Anjos, Jeferson C Alves, Sarah A Rocha Soares, Rennan G O Araujo, Olivia M C de Oliveira, Antonio F S Queiroz, Sergio L C Ferreira
This work presents the optimization of a sample preparation procedure using microwave-assisted digestion for the determination of nickel and vanadium in crude oil employing inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP OES). The optimization step was performed utilizing a two-level full factorial design involving the following factors: concentrated nitric acid and hydrogen peroxide volumes, and microwave-assisted digestion temperature. Nickel and vanadium concentrations were used as responses...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135809/definition-of-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-in-women-which-one-to-adopt
#12
Rena D Malik, Yuefeng Rose Wu, Philippe E Zimmern
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to systematically review the various definitions of recurrent urinary tract infection (RUTI) recommended by experts and specialty societies cited in biomedical literature. METHODS: A systematic review of RUTI in women was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed between 1966 and 2016 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses Statement. Twenty-five publications were selected for inclusion in this analysis...
November 13, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135673/myocardial-cobalt-levels-are-elevated-in-the-setting-of-total-hip-arthroplasty
#13
Cody C Wyles, T Carson Wright, Melanie C Bois, Md Shahrier Amin, Ahmed Fayyaz, Sarah M Jenkins, Saranya P Wyles, Patrick L Day, David L Murray, Robert T Trousdale, Nandan S Anavekar, William D Edwards, Joseph J Maleszewski
BACKGROUND: Arthroplasty implants commonly contain elemental metal that may undergo wear-related release. Recently, cases of hip implant-associated myocardial injury have been reported. However, we are not aware of any previous study that has systematically measured myocardial metal levels or examined the relationship with total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Archives of our institution were queried for autopsies of individuals who had undergone THA between 1990 and 2013...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135600/balance-and-functional-outcomes-for-older-community-dwelling-adults-who-practice-tai-chi-and-those-who-do-not-a-comparative-study
#14
Deborah Bubela, Laddie Sacharko, Judy Chan, Maegen Brady
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A growing body of literature substantiates that Tai Chi is a form of exercise that may help older adults increase strength, improve balance, lower fall rates, and experience less fear of falling. Few studies, however, offer controlled experimental design and simultaneously investigate multiple factors known to contribute to fall risk. The purpose of this study was to compare performance on measures relating to fall risk (strength, balance, functional mobility, and fear of falling) in older community-dwelling adults who participated in a community-based Tai Chi program with a control group of their peers who had no Tai Chi training over the same time period...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135301/microbialite-biosignature-analysis-by-mesoscale-x-ray-fluorescence-%C3%AE-xrf-mapping
#15
Michael M Tice, Kimbra Quezergue, Michael C Pope
As part of its biosignature detection package, the Mars 2020 rover will carry PIXL, the Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry, a spatially resolved X-ray fluorescence (μXRF) spectrometer. Understanding the types of biosignatures detectable by μXRF and the rock types μXRF is most effective at analyzing is therefore an important goal in preparation for in situ Mars 2020 science and sample selection. We tested mesoscale chemical mapping for biosignature interpretation in microbialites. In particular, we used μXRF to identify spatial distributions and associations between various elements ("fluorescence microfacies") to infer the physical, biological, and chemical processes that produced the observed compositional distributions...
November 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134410/extractive-foraging-of-toxic-caterpillars-in-wild-northern-pig-tailed-macaques-macaca-leonina
#16
Florian Trébouet, Ulrich H Reichard, Nantasak Pinkaew, Suchinda Malaivijitnond
Extractive foraging in nonhuman primates may involve different levels of technical complexity in terms of the number of actions that must be performed and the manual dexterity involved. We describe the extractive foraging of caterpillars in wild northern pig-tailed macaques (Macaca leonina) at Khao Yai National Park, Thailand. The study group, observed from May to December 2016 (n = 146 days), comprised 60-70 habituated individuals, including 3-4 adult males, 20-23 adult females, and 36-47 immatures. Four adult males and five adult females, observed from September to November 2016 for a total of 24 days, were selected for focal animal sampling...
November 13, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133252/l-rhamnose-binding-lectins-rbls-in-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-characterization-and-expression-profiling-in-mucosal-tissues
#17
Dongdong Zhang, Benjamin H Beck, Haitham Mohammed, Honggang Zhao, Wilawan Thongda, Zhi Ye, Qifan Zeng, Craig Shoemaker, S Adam Fuller, Eric Peatman
Rhamnose-binding lectins (RBLs) are crucial elements associated with innate immune responses to infections and have been characterized from a variety of teleost fishes. Given the importance of RBL in teleost fishes, we sought to study the diversity and expression profiles of RBLs in an important cultured fish, Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) following experimental infection with Streptococcus agalactiae, a major cause of streptococcosis in farmed tilapia. In this study, four predicted RBL genes were identified from Nile tilapia and were designated as OnRBL3a, OnRBL3b, OnRBL3c, and OnRBL3d...
November 10, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131678/exergames-designed-for-older-adults-a-pilot-evaluation-on-psychosocial-well-being
#18
Jinhui Li, Xuexin Xu, Pham Tan Phat, Yin-Leng Theng, Niina Katajapuu, Mika Luimula
OBJECTIVE: Exergames are increasingly been used in the primary healthcare domain for older adults who are 65 years and above. However, most of the exergames on current market are not designed for the aging population. The current study introduced five new exergames developed for elderly and evaluated their benefits. METHODS: Five new exergames were developed by researchers from Finland, Singapore, and Japan, in which the game topics, difficulties, and user interface were designed particularly for older adults...
November 13, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131661/validation-of-essential-acoustic-parameters-for-highly-urgent-in-vehicle-collision-warnings
#19
Bridget A Lewis, Jesse L Eisert, Carryl L Baldwin
Objective The aim of this study was to validate the importance of key acoustic criteria for use as in-vehicle forward collision warning (FCW) systems. Background Despite recent advances in vehicle safety, automobile crashes remain one of the leading causes of death. As automation allows for more control of noncritical functions by the vehicle, the potential for disengagement and distraction from the driving task also increases. It is, therefore, as important as ever that in-vehicle safety-critical interfaces are intuitive and unambiguous, promoting effective collision avoidance responses upon first exposure even under divided-attention conditions...
November 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128774/the-effect-of-hydraulic-retention-time-in-onsite-wastewater-treatment-and-removal-of-pharmaceuticals-hormones-and-phenolic-utility-substances
#20
H Ejhed, J Fång, K Hansen, L Graae, M Rahmberg, J Magnér, E Dorgeloh, G Plaza
Micropollutants such as pharmaceuticals, hormones and phenolic utility chemicals in sewage water are considered to be an emerging problem because of increased use and observed adverse effects in the environment. The study provides knowledge on the removal efficiency of micropollutants with a range of physical and chemical properties in three commercially available onsite wastewater treatment facilities (OWTFs), tested on influent wastewater collected from 2500 person equivalents in Bildchen, Germany. A longer hydraulic retention time would in theory be expected to have a positive effect, and this study presents results for three different OWTFs in full-scale comparable tests under natural conditions...
November 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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