keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rigor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645040/longitudinal-effects-of-religious-involvement-on-religious-coping-and-health-behaviors-in-a-national-sample-of-african-americans
#1
Cheryl L Holt, David L Roth, Jin Huang, Crystal L Park, Eddie M Clark
Many studies have examined associations between religious involvement and health, linking various dimensions of religion with a range of physical health outcomes and often hypothesizing influences on health behaviors. However, far fewer studies have examined explanatory mechanisms of the religion-health connection, and most have overwhelmingly relied on cross-sectional analyses. Given the relatively high levels of religious involvement among African Americans and the important role that religious coping styles may play in health, the present study tested a longitudinal model of religious coping as a potential mediator of a multidimensional religious involvement construct (beliefs; behaviors) on multiple health behaviors (e...
June 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644913/supplement-2-for-the-2004-update-of-the-aapm-task-group-no-43-report-joint-recommendations-by-the-aapm-and-gec-estro
#2
Mark J Rivard, Facundo Ballester, Wayne M Butler, Larry A DeWerd, Geoffrey S Ibbott, Ali S Meigooni, Christopher S Melhus, Michael G Mitch, Ravinder Nath, Panagiotis Papagiannis
Since publication of the 2004 update to the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) Task Group No. 43 Report (TG-43U1) and its 2007 supplement (TG-43U1S1), several new low-energy photon-emitting brachytherapy sources have become available. Many of these sources have satisfied the AAPM prerequisites for routine clinical purposes and are posted on the Brachytherapy Seed Registry managed jointly by the AAPM and the Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core Houston Quality Assurance Center (IROC Houston)...
June 23, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644579/pairing-field-methods-to-improve-inference-in-wildlife-surveys-while-accommodating-detection-covariance
#3
John Clare, Shawn T McKinney, John E DePue, Cynthia S Loftin
It is common to use multiple field sampling methods when implementing wildlife surveys to compare method efficacy or cost-efficiency, integrate distinct pieces of information provided by separate methods, or evaluate method-specific biases and misclassification error. Existing models that combine information from multiple field methods or sampling devices permit rigorous comparison of method-specific detection parameters, enable estimation of additional parameters such as false-positive detection probability, and improve occurrence or abundance estimates, but with the assumption that the separate sampling methods produce detections independently of one another...
June 23, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643774/insufficient-antibody-validation-challenges-oestrogen-receptor-beta-research
#4
Sandra Andersson, Mårten Sundberg, Nusa Pristovsek, Ahmed Ibrahim, Philip Jonsson, Borbala Katona, Carl-Magnus Clausson, Agata Zieba, Margareta Ramström, Ola Söderberg, Cecilia Williams, Anna Asplund
The discovery of oestrogen receptor β (ERβ/ESR2) was a landmark discovery. Its reported expression and homology with breast cancer pharmacological target ERα (ESR1) raised hopes for improved endocrine therapies. After 20 years of intense research, this has not materialized. We here perform a rigorous validation of 13 anti-ERβ antibodies, using well-characterized controls and a panel of validation methods. We conclude that only one antibody, the rarely used monoclonal PPZ0506, specifically targets ERβ in immunohistochemistry...
June 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643697/on-the-relationship-between-topological-and-geometric-defects
#5
Sinead Majella Griffin, Nicola A Spaldin
The study of topology in solids is undergoing a renaissance following renewed interest in the properties of ferroic domain walls as well as recent discoveries regarding skyrmionic lattices. Each of these systems possess a property that is `protected' in a symmetry sense, and is defined rigorously using a branch of mathematics known as topology. In this article we review the formal definition of topological defects as they are classified in terms of homotopy theory, and discuss the precise symmetry-breaking conditions that lead to their formation...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643297/recommendations-for-the-use-of-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-in-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-2017-revision
#6
B Everaert, J J Wykrzykowska, J Koolen, P van der Harst, P den Heijer, J P Henriques, R van der Schaaf, B de Smet, S H Hofma, R Diletti, A Weevers, J Hoorntje, P Smits, R J van Geuns
BACKGROUND: To eliminate some of the potential late limitations of permanent metallic stents, the bioresorbable coronary stents or 'bioresorbable vascular scaffolds' (BVS) have been developed. METHODS: We reviewed all currently available clinical data on BVS implantation. RESULTS: Since the 2015 position statement on the appropriateness of BVS in percutaneous coronary interventions, several large randomised trials have been presented. These have demonstrated that achieving adequate 1 and 2 year outcomes with these first-generation BVS is not straightforward...
June 22, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642582/plasmonic-opals-observation-of-a-collective-molecular-exciton-mode-beyond-the-strong-coupling
#7
Pierre Fauché, Christian Gebhardt, Maxim Sukharev, Renaud A L Vallée
Achieving and controlling strong light-matter interactions in many-body systems is of paramount importance both for fundamental understanding and potential applications. In this paper we demonstrate both experimentally and theoretically how to manipulate strong coupling between the Bragg-plasmon mode supported by an organo-metallic array and molecular excitons in the form of J-aggregates dispersed on the hybrid structure. We observe experimentally the transition from a conventional strong coupling regime exhibiting the usual upper and lower polaritonic branches to a more complex regime, where a third nondispersive mode is seen, as the concentration of J-aggregates is increased...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642106/ecmo-for-adult-respiratory-failure-2017-update
#8
REVIEW
Darryl Abrams, Daniel Brodie
The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for respiratory failure in adults is growing rapidly, driven in large part by advances in technology, which have made ECMO devices easier to implement, safer and more efficient. Accompanying this increase in utilization is a nearly exponential increase in ECMO-related literature. However, the great majority of the literature is comprised of retrospective observational data, often in the form of single-center studies with relatively small numbers of subjects...
June 19, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641703/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-cost-effectiveness-of-intensive-versus-no-scheduled-follow-up-in-patients-who-have-undergone-resection-for-colorectal-cancer-with-curative-intent
#9
David Mant, Alastair Gray, Siân Pugh, Helen Campbell, Stephen George, Alice Fuller, Bethany Shinkins, Andrea Corkhill, Jane Mellor, Elizabeth Dixon, Louisa Little, Rafael Perera-Salazar, John Primrose
BACKGROUND: Intensive follow-up after surgery for colorectal cancer is common practice but lacks a firm evidence base. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether or not augmenting symptomatic follow-up in primary care with two intensive methods of follow-up [monitoring of blood carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels and scheduled imaging] is effective and cost-effective in detecting the recurrence of colorectal cancer treatable surgically with curative intent. DESIGN: Randomised controlled open-label trial...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641529/irna-2methyl-identify-rna-2-o-methylation-sites-by-incorporating-sequence-coupled-effects-into-general-pseknc-and-ensemble-classifier
#10
Wang-Ren Qiu, Shi-Yu Jiang, Bi-Qian Sun, Xuan Xiao, Xiang Cheng, Kuo-Chen Chou
OBJECTIVE: Being a kind of post-transcriptional modification (PTCM) in RNA, the 2'-O-methylation modification occurs in the processes of life development and disease formation as well. Accordingly, from the angles of both basic research and drug development, we are facing a challenging problem: given an uncharacterized RNA sequence formed by many nucleotides of A (adenine), C (cytosine), G (guanine), and U (uracil), which one can be of 2-O-methylation modification, and which one cannot? Unfortunately, so far no computational method whatsoever has been developed to address such a problem...
June 22, 2017: Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641482/insights-into-eukaryotic-evolution-from-transmembrane-domain-lengths
#11
Aditya Mittal, Snigdha Singh
Biological membranes, comprised of proteins anchored by their trans-membrane domains (TMDs) creating a semi-permeable phase with lipid constituents, serve as "checkposts" for not only intracellular trafficking in eukaryotic cells but also for material transactions of all living cells with external environments. Hydropathy (or hydrophobicity) plots of "bitopic" proteins (i.e. having single alpha-helical TMDs) are routinely utilized in biochemistry texts for predicting their TMDs. The number of amino acids (i...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641450/musculoskeletal-dysfunction-in-migraine-patients
#12
Kerstin Luedtke, Wiebke Starke, Arne May
Objective The aim of this project was to evaluate the prevalence and pattern of musculoskeletal dysfunctions in migraine patients using a rigorous methodological approach and validating an international consensus cluster of headache assessment tests. Methods A physiotherapist, blinded towards the diagnosis, examined 138 migraine patients (frequent episodic and chronic), recruited at a specialised headache clinic, and 73 age and gender matched healthy controls following a standardised protocol. Eleven tests, previously identified in an international consensus procedure, were used to evaluate cervical and thoracic musculoskeletal dysfunctions...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641427/a-quantum-mechanical-perspective-on-linear-response-theory-within-polarizable-embedding
#13
Nanna Holmgaard List, Patrick Norman, Jacob Kongsted, Hans Jørgen Aagaard Jensen
We present a derivation of linear response theory within polarizable embedding starting from a rigorous quantum-mechanical treatment of a composite system. To this aim, two different subsystem decompositions (symmetric and nonsymmetric) of the linear response function are introduced and the pole structures as well as residues of the individual terms are discussed. In addition to providing a thorough justification for the descriptions used in polarizable embedding models, this theoretical analysis clarifies which form of the response function to use and highlights complications in separating out subsystem contributions to molecular properties...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641283/-healing-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-report
#14
Inge Mangelsdorf, Harald Walach, Joachim Mutter
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disease leading to death within 3-5 years in most cases. New approaches to treating this disease are needed. Here, we report a successful therapy. CASE REPORT: In a 49-year-old male patient suffering from muscle weakness and fasciculations, progressive muscular atrophy, a variant of ALS, was diagnosed after extensive examinations ruling out other diseases. Due to supposed mercury exposure from residual amalgam, the patient's teeth were restored...
June 12, 2017: Complementary Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641186/composition-of-dissolved-organic-matter-dom-from-periodically-submerged-soils-in-the-three-gorges-reservoir-areas-as-determined-by-elemental-and-optical-analysis-infrared-spectroscopy-pyrolysis-gc-ms-and-thermally-assisted-hydrolysis-and-methylation
#15
Tao Jiang, Joeri Kaal, Jian Liang, Yaoling Zhang, Shiqiang Wei, Dingyong Wang, Nelson W Green
Soil-derived dissolved organic matter (DOM) has a major influence in biogeochemical processes related to contaminant dynamics and greenhouse gas emissions, due to its reactivity and its bridging role between the soil and aquatic systems. Within the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR, China) area, an extensive water-fluctuation zone periodically submerges the surrounding soils. Here we report a characterization study of soil-derived DOM across the TGR areas, using elemental and optical analysis, infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), pyrolysis-GC-MS (Py-GC-MS) and thermally assisted hydrolysis and methylation (THM-GC-MS)...
June 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641068/centric-relation-intercuspal-position-discrepancy-and-its-relationship-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review
#16
Antonio Jiménez-Silva, Julio Tobar-Reyes, Sheilah Vivanco-Coke, Eduardo Pastén-Castro, Hernán Palomino-Montenegro
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the relationship between centric relation-intercuspal position discrepancy (CR-ICP discrepancy) and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), by systematically reviewing the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic research was performed between 1960 and 2016 based on electronic databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, Scopus, EBSCOhost, BIREME, Lilacs and Scielo, including all languages. Analytical observational clinical studies were identified...
June 22, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639758/-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-risk-and-benefits-of-metabolic-surgery
#17
Axelle Raggenbass-Frischknecht, Jacques Philippe, Giacomo Gastaldi
Metabolic surgery is a serious option to treat type 2 diabetes. The latest guidelines consider surgery as one of the first option, especially in patients suffering from severe obesity or those who have uncontrolled diabetes. However, the radicality of metabolic surgery limits its prescription and is difficult to handle. Indeed, criteria of success remain insufficently understood in order to help caregivers to rigorously select the right candidates. This article proposes a review of the literature on the risks and benefits of metabolic surgery for the diabetic obese patient...
May 31, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639262/interprofessional-collaboration-to-improve-professional-practice-and-healthcare-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Scott Reeves, Ferruccio Pelone, Reema Harrison, Joanne Goldman, Merrick Zwarenstein
BACKGROUND: Poor interprofessional collaboration (IPC) can adversely affect the delivery of health services and patient care. Interventions that address IPC problems have the potential to improve professional practice and healthcare outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of practice-based interventions designed to improve interprofessional collaboration (IPC) amongst health and social care professionals, compared to usual care or to an alternative intervention, on at least one of the following primary outcomes: patient health outcomes, clinical process or efficiency outcomes or secondary outcomes (collaborative behaviour)...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638365/motor-impairments-in-transient-ischemic-attack-increase-the-odds-of-a-subsequent-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#19
Neha Lodha, Jane Harrell, Stephan Eisenschenk, Evangelos A Christou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transient ischemic attack (TIA) increases the risk for a subsequent stroke. Typical symptoms include motor weakness, gait disturbance, and loss of coordination. The association between the presence of motor impairments during a TIA and the chances of a subsequent stroke has not been examined. In the current meta-analysis, we examine whether the odds of a stroke are greater in TIA individuals who experience motor impairments as compared with those who do not experience motor impairments...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638073/plasmon-induced-selective-carbon-dioxide-conversion-on-earth-abundant-aluminum-cuprous-oxide-antenna-reactor-nanoparticles
#20
Hossein Robatjazi, Hangqi Zhao, Dayne F Swearer, Nathaniel J Hogan, Linan Zhou, Alessandro Alabastri, Michael J McClain, Peter Nordlander, Naomi J Halas
The rational combination of plasmonic nanoantennas with active transition metal-based catalysts, known as 'antenna-reactor' nanostructures, holds promise to expand the scope of chemical reactions possible with plasmonic photocatalysis. Here, we report earth-abundant embedded aluminum in cuprous oxide antenna-reactor heterostructures that operate more effectively and selectively for the reverse water-gas shift reaction under milder illumination than in conventional thermal conditions. Through rigorous comparison of the spatial temperature profile, optical absorption, and integrated electric field enhancement of the catalyst, we have been able to distinguish between competing photothermal and hot-carrier driven mechanistic pathways...
June 21, 2017: Nature Communications
keyword
keyword
38338
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"