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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109172/integrated-treatment-options-for-male-perpetrators-of-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Cory A Crane, Caroline J Easton
ISSUES: Male-to-female intimate partner violence remains a worldwide public health issue with adverse physical and psychological consequences for victims, perpetrators and children. Personality disorders, addiction, trauma and mood symptoms are established risk factors for intimate partner violence perpetration and factor prominently into a recovery-oriented treatment approach. APPROACH: We reviewed the partner violence literature for detailed reports of traditional as well as innovative, integrated treatment approaches...
January 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108990/geographic-heterogeneity-in-the-prevalence-of-human-papillomavirus-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#2
Devasena Anantharaman, Behnoush Abedi-Ardekani, Daniel C Beachler, Tarik Gheit, Andrew F Olshan, Kathy Wisniewski, Victor Wunsch-Filho, Tatiana N Toporcov, Eloiza H Tajara, José Eduardo Levi, Raquel A Moyses, Stefania Boccia, Gabriella Cadoni, Guido Rindi, Wolfgang Ahrens, Franco Merletti, David I Conway, Sylvia Wright, Christine Carreira, Helene Renard, Priscilia Chopard, Sandrine McKay-Chopin, Ghislaine Scelo, Massimo Tommasino, Paul Brennan, Gypsyamber D'Souza
Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), although strongly divergent results have been reported regarding the prevalence of HPV16 in different countries, whether this represents important differences in etiology remains unclear. Applying rigorous protocols for sample processing, we centrally evaluated 1420 head and neck tumors (533 oropharynx, 395 oral cavity and 482 larynx) from studies conducted in the US, Europe and Brazil for mucosal HPV DNA and p16(INK4a) expression to evaluate regional heterogeneity in the proportion of HPV16-associated OPSCC and other head and neck cancer, and to assess covariates associated with the risk of HPV16-positive OPSCC...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108471/prognostic-significance-of-residual-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-bone-marrow-samples-taken-prior-to-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#3
Alexandra E Kovach, Andrew M Brunner, Amir T Fathi, Yi-Bin Chen, Robert P Hasserjian
OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify features in routine evaluation of pre-hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) bone marrow samples from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that influenced patient outcome. METHODS: Of 140 patients, evidence of residual leukemia (RL) was identified in 38 (27%) of pre-HCT samples, as defined by 5% or more aspirate blasts, increased blood blasts, clustered or necrotic blasts on biopsy specimens, and/or leukemia-associated karyotypic abnormalities...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108374/strategies-to-reduce-hospitalizations-of-children-with-medical-complexity-through-complex-care-expert-perspectives
#4
Ryan J Coller, Bergen B Nelson, Thomas S Klitzner, Adrianna A Saenz, Paul G Shekelle, Carlos F Lerner, Paul J Chung
OBJECTIVES: Interventions to reduce disproportionate hospital use among children with medical complexity (CMC) are needed. Our objective was to conduct a rigorous, structured process to develop intervention strategies aiming to reduce hospitalizations within a complex care program population. METHODS: A complex care medical home program used 1) semi-structured interviews of caregivers of CMC experiencing acute, unscheduled hospitalizations, and 2) literature review on preventing hospitalizations among CMC, to develop key drivers for lowering hospital utilization and link them with intervention strategies...
January 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108100/three-dimensional-quality-assurance-of-imrt-prostate-plans-using-gel-dosimetry
#5
M A Silveira, J F Pavoni, O Baffa
Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is one of the most modern radiation therapy treatment techniques. Although IMRT can deliver high and complex conformational doses to the tumor volume, its implementation requires rigorous quality assurance (QA) procedures that include a dosimetric pre-treatment verification of individual patient planning. This verification usually involves measuring a small volume of absolute dose with an ionization chamber and checking bi-dimensional fluency with an array of detectors...
January 17, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107880/treatment-strategies-for-sheep-scab-an-economic-model-of-farmer-behaviour
#6
Emily J Nixon, Hannah Rose Vineer, Richard Wall
Ovine psoroptic mange (sheep scab) is a debilitating and damaging condition caused by a hypersensitivity reaction to the faecal material of the parasitic mite Psoroptes ovis. Farmers incur costs from the use of prophylactic acaricides and, if their sheep become infected, they incur the costs of therapeutic treatment plus the economic loss from reduced stock growth, lower reproductive rate, wool loss and hide damage. The unwillingness of farmers to use routine prophylactic treatment has been cited as a primary cause of the growing incidence of sheep scab in the United Kingdom (UK) since the disease was deregulated in 1992...
February 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107855/a-close-look-at-an-integrative-treatment-package-for-bell-s-palsy-in-korea
#7
Seung Min Kathy Lee, Suji Lee, Jun Hyeong Park, Jongbae J Park, Sanghoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of the integrative treatment package for Bell's palsy provided at Kyung Hee University Korean Medicine Hospital (KHU KMH). SUMMARY: The Facial Palsy Center at KHU KMH has been providing integrative treatment for Bell's palsy patients during the past three decades. Within 72 h of symptom onset, corticosteroids are recommended but complementary treatment including acupuncture and herbal medicine can be used to help suppress inflammation and nerve degeneration...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107694/evaluation-in-the-field-of-social-services-for-minors-measuring-the-efficacy-of-interventions-in-the-italian-service-for-health-protection-and-promotion
#8
Antonio Iudici, Agnese Gagliardo Corsi
This article presents the availment of a new Methodology for the efficacy evaluation of interventions in the field of social science: the Method of Computerized Textual Data Analysis (M.A.D.I.T.). In the beginning, we present some elements of the international and Italian legislation referred to the efficacy evaluation and about the child protection. Subsequently this work describes the process of efficacy evaluation of an intervention of minor protection delivered by a public Italian Service, the Minor and Family Service, MiFa...
November 30, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107687/do-recreational-cannabis-users-unlicensed-and-licensed-medical-cannabis-users-form-distinct-groups
#9
Sharon R Sznitman
BACKGROUND: This study aims to gain a more nuanced perspective on the differences between recreationally and medically motivated cannabis use by distinguishing between people who use cannabis for recreational purposes, unlicensed and licensed medical users. METHODS: Data collection was conducted online from a convenience sample of 1479 Israeli cannabis users. Multinomial regression analysis compared unlicensed medical users (38%) with recreational (42%) and licensed medical (5...
January 17, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107154/taking-up-the-mantle-of-human-trafficking-education-who-should-be-responsible
#10
Carrie A Bohnert, Aaron W Calhoun, Olivia F Mittel
Human trafficking is a global human rights issue with long-range health consequences about which physicians are largely uneducated. Medical schools are uniquely positioned to address this gap. All future physicians, regardless of specialty, must learn to identify victims and refer them to trauma-informed treatment. Research and advocacy are needed to address the lack of rigorously evaluated curricula in this area, impact policy, and improve services for victims of this heinous form of exploitation.
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106767/development-and-evaluation-of-e-ca-an-electronic-mobile-based-food-record
#11
Sophie Bucher Della Torre, Isabelle Carrard, Eddy Farina, Brigitta Danuser, Maaike Kruseman
Measures that capture diet as validly and reliably as possible are cornerstones of nutritional research, and mobile-based devices offer new opportunities to improve and simplify data collection. The balance between precision and acceptability of these data collection tools remains debated, and rigorous validations are warranted. Our objective was to develop and evaluate an electronic mobile-based food record for a research setting. We developed e-CA, which includes almost 900 foods and beverages classified in 14 categories and 60 subcategories...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106627/outcomes-after-elevation-of-serratus-anterior-fascia-during-prosthetic-breast-reconstruction
#12
Akhil K Seth, Elliot M Hirsch, John Y S Kim, Neil A Fine
BACKGROUND: Achieving optimal inferolateral coverage is critical to successful prosthetic breast reconstruction. Serratus anterior fascia (SF) elevation, a promising alternative to muscle flaps and acellular dermis (ADM), has not been rigorously studied. This study evaluates complication rates after mastectomy and immediate tissue expander (TE) coverage using SF, relative to other existing methods of reconstruction. METHODS: Retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoing mastectomy with immediate TE reconstruction over 10 years at 1 institution was performed...
January 19, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106426/unified-time-and-frequency-picture-of-ultrafast-atomic-excitation-in-strong-laser-fields
#13
H Zimmermann, S Patchkovskii, M Ivanov, U Eichmann
Excitation and ionization in strong laser fields lies at the heart of such diverse research directions as high-harmonic generation and spectroscopy, laser-induced diffraction imaging, emission of femtosecond electron bunches from nanotips, self-guiding, filamentation and mirrorless lasing during propagation of light in atmospheres. While extensive quantum mechanical and semiclassical calculations on strong-field ionization are well backed by sophisticated experiments, the existing scattered theoretical work aiming at a full quantitative understanding of strong-field excitation lacks experimental confirmation...
January 6, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106054/extremely-broadband-on-chip-optical-nonreciprocity-enabled-by-mimicking-nonlinear-anti-adiabatic-quantum-jumps-near-exceptional-points
#14
Youngsun Choi, Choloong Hahn, Jae Woong Yoon, Seok Ho Song, Pierre Berini
Time-asymmetric state-evolution properties while encircling an exceptional point are presently of great interest in search of new principles for controlling atomic and optical systems. Here, we show that encircling-an-exceptional-point interactions that are essentially reciprocal in the linear interaction regime make a plausible nonlinear integrated optical device architecture highly nonreciprocal over an extremely broad spectrum. In the proposed strategy, we describe an experimentally realizable coupled-waveguide structure that supports an encircling-an-exceptional-point parametric evolution under the influence of a gain saturation nonlinearity...
January 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105800/re-evaluating-data-quality-of-dog-mitochondrial-y-chromosomal-and-autosomal-snps-genotyped-by-snp-array
#15
Newton O Otecko, Min-Sheng Peng, He-Chuan Yang, Ya-Ping Zhang, Guo-Dong Wang
Quality deficiencies in single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analyses have important implications. We used missingness rates to investigate the quality of a recently published dataset containing 424 mitochondrial, 211 Y chromosomal, and 160 432 autosomal SNPs generated by a semicustom Illumina SNP array from 5 392 dogs and 14 grey wolves. Overall, the individual missingness rate for mitochondrial SNPs was ~43.8%, with 980 (18.1%) individuals completely missing mitochondrial SNP genotyping (missingness rate=1)...
November 18, 2016: Zool Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105528/cost-effectiveness-in-global-surgery-pearls-pitfalls-and-a-checklist
#16
REVIEW
Mark G Shrime, Blake C Alkire, Caris Grimes, Tiffany E Chao, Dan Poenaru, Stéphane Verguet
INTRODUCTION: Cost-effectiveness analysis can be a powerful policy-making tool. In the two decades since the first cost-effectiveness analyses in global surgery, the methodology has established the cost-effectiveness of many types of surgery in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, with the crescendo of cost-effectiveness analyses in global surgery has come vast disparities in methodology, with only 15% of studies adhering to published guidelines. This has led to results that have varied up to 150-fold...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104750/gene-networks-in-skeletal-muscle-following-endurance-exercise-are-co-expressed-in-blood-neutrophils-and-linked-with-blood-inflammation-markers
#17
James A Broadbent, Dayle Sampson, Surendran Sabapathy, Luke J Haseler, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Andrew Cameron Bulmer, Jonathan M Peake, Oliver Neubauer
It remains incompletely understood whether there is an association between the transcriptome profiles of skeletal muscle and blood leukocytes in response to exercise or other physiological stressors. We have previously analyzed the changes in the muscle and blood neutrophil transcriptome in eight trained men before and 3 h, 48 h and 96 h after 2 h cycling and running. Because we collected muscle and blood in the same individuals and under the same conditions, we were able to directly compare gene expression between the muscle and blood neutrophils...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104470/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-primary-palliative-care-intervention-connect-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer-protocol-and-key-design-considerations
#18
Claire L Becker, Robert M Arnold, Seo Young Park, Margaret Rosenzweig, Thomas J Smith, Douglas B White, Kenneth J Smith, Yael Schenker
BACKGROUND: The addition of specialty palliative care to standard oncology care improves outcomes for patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers, but many lack access to specialty care services. Primary palliative care-meaning basic palliative care services provided by clinicians who are not palliative care specialists-is an alternative approach that has not been rigorously evaluated. METHODS: A cluster randomized, controlled trial of the CONNECT (Care management by Oncology Nurses to address supportive care needs) intervention, an oncology nurse-led care management approach to providing primary palliative care for patients with advanced cancer and their family caregivers, is currently underway at 16 oncology practices in Western Pennsylvania...
January 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104236/local-equilibrium-theory-analysis-of-chromatographic-peak-shapes-in-the-presence-of-adsorbing-modifiers
#19
Arvind Rajendran
The nature and shapes of solute and modifier peaks for a situation when the modifier and solute adsorb competitively through the Langmuir isotherm is studied using the local-equilibrium theory. The analysis yields 10 different cases depending on the relative adsorption strengths and the concentrations of the modifier and the solute. The origin of positive and negative Langmuirian/anti-Langmuirian-type peaks, even when the adsorption isotherms are strictly Langmuirian, and explicit conditions under which each combination is observed are derived...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104050/knowledge-attitudes-and-challenges-of-healthcare-professionals-managing-people-with-eating-disorders-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Xin Yi Seah, Xiang Cong Tham, Netty Ryanie Kamaruzaman, Piyanee Klainin Yobas
This review consolidates findings regarding knowledge and attitudes of healthcare professionals, together with challenges faced while caring for patients with eating disorders. A rigorous and systematic approach was taken to identify 21 articles, which include 12 quantitative, 7 qualitative, and 2 mixed-method papers. Healthcare professionals' knowledge and attitudes toward patients with eating disorders will be discussed, while identifying if factors like age, gender, work experience or profession have an impact on these two variables...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
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