keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PPE

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339284/rbmti-6-attenuates-pathophysiological-and-inflammatory-parameters-of-induced-emphysema-in-mice
#1
Adriana Feliciano Alves Duran, Luana de Paiva Neves, Flavia Ribeiro Santos da Silva, Gabriel Capella Machado, Graziele Cristina Ferreira, Juliana D Lourenço, Aparecida Sadae Tanaka, Milton de Arruda Martins, Fernanda D T Q S Lopes, Sergio Daishi Sasaki
Protease/anti-protease imbalance is the main pathogenic mechanism of emphysema and protease inhibitors have been recognized as potential molecules to treat the disease conditions. In this work the rBmTI-6 first domain (rBmTI-6-D1), a recombinant Kunitz-type serine proteinase inhibitor, was used to verify its effect in prevention or minimization of PPE-induced emphysema in mice. C57BL/6 mice were submitted to a PPE-induced emphysema model and treated with rBmTI-6-D1 before the emphysema development. We showed that the rBmTI-6-D1 treatment was sufficient to avoid the loss of elastic recoil, an effective decrease in alveolar enlargement and in the number of macrophages and lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338641/an-assessment-of-the-level-of-awareness-and-reported-complaints-regarding-occupational-health-hazards-and-the-utilization-of-personal-protective-equipments-among-the-welders-of-lahore-pakistan
#2
Syed Moin Hassan, Usama Nasir, Kanwal Anwar, Usama Talib
Objective To assess the level of awareness and reported complaints of occupational health hazards among the welders of Lahore. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study of 70 welders. An interview questionnaire was employed to assess awareness and complaints, the possession and utilization of protective personal equipment (PPE), and socio-demographic characteristics. Results All of the respondents were male with a mean age of 25.7 years. 54.3% of the respondents were aware of welding as a risk to their health...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336665/pesticide-exposure-and-health-conditions-among-orange-growers-in-southern-brazil
#3
Joice Lermen, Tanandra Bernieri, Isabel S Rodrigues, Edna S Suyenaga, PatrÍcia G Ardenghi
This study aimed to evaluate the exposure to pesticides through the biomarkers analysis, as well as life habits and use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in a group of farmers who grow citrus in the Vale do Caí region, in Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. The study population consisted of 73 volunteer farmers, 45 males and 28 females, aged between 13 and 69 years old. The control group consisted of 30 individuals who were not exposed to pesticides. Measures of urea, creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), plasma cholinesterase (BChE) activity, and hematological parameters were analyzed...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336229/parasites-of-importance-for-human-health-on-edible-fruits-and-vegetables-in-nigeria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-published-data
#4
Solomon Ngutor Karshima
Contamination of edible fruits and vegetables is now a global public health issue despite their health benefits as non-pharmacological prophylaxis against chronic diseases. Studies that will harness the extent of parasitic contaminations will ensure public health protection. Here, the prevalence and distribution of parasites of importance for human health on fruits and vegetables in Nigeria were determined through a systematic review and meta-analysis of published data. The random-effects model was used to determine pooled prevalence estimate (PPE)...
January 16, 2018: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335553/mutations-in-ppe38-block-pe_pgrs-secretion-and-increase-virulence-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#5
Louis S Ates, Anzaan Dippenaar, Roy Ummels, Sander R Piersma, Aniek D van der Woude, Kim van der Kuij, Fabien Le Chevalier, Dulce Mata-Espinosa, Jorge Barrios-Payán, Brenda Marquina-Castillo, Carolina Guapillo, Connie R Jiménez, Arnab Pain, Edith N G Houben, Robin M Warren, Roland Brosch, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Wilbert Bitter
Mycobacterium tuberculosis requires a large number of secreted and exported proteins for its virulence, immune modulation and nutrient uptake. Most of these proteins are transported by the different type VII secretion systems1,2. The most recently evolved type VII secretion system, ESX-5, secretes dozens of substrates belonging to the PE and PPE families, which are named for conserved proline and glutamic acid residues close to the amino terminus3,4. However, the role of these proteins remains largely elusive 1 ...
January 15, 2018: Nature Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329812/synergistic-effect-of-polysaccharides-betalain-pigment-and-phenolic-compounds-of-red-prickly-pear-opuntia-stricta-in-the-stabilization-of-salami
#6
Nadia Kharrat, Hedia Salem, Aicha Mrabet, Fatma Aloui, Soumaya Triki, Ahmed Fendri, Youssef Gargouri
The aim of this work is to try to substitute some synthetic additives by a natural extract from red prickly pear (Opuntia stricta) which known by its richness on bioactive polysaccharides mainly consisting of galactose, rhamnose and galacturonic acid. This natural fruit has a high content of carbohydrates above 18.81% FM. It contains also a high level of polyphenols 152.25 ± 0.26 μg QE/mg PPE and flavonoids about 370.60 ± 0.12 μg GAE/mg of PPE. In addition, prickly pear extract (PPE) displayed a strong antioxidant and antimicrobial activities...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325871/use-of-uv-fluorescence-based-simulation-in-evaluation-of-personal-protective-equipment-worn-for-first-assessment-and-care-of-a-patient-with-suspected-high-consequence-infectious-disease
#7
Samantha Hall, Bozena Poller, Claire Bailey, Samantha Gregory, Richard Clark, Paul Roberts, Anne Tunbridge, Vin Poran, Cariad Evans, Brian Crook
BACKGROUND: Variations currently exist across the UK in the choice of personal protective equipment (PPE) used by healthcare workers when caring for patients with suspected high consequence infectious diseases (HCIDs). AIM: To test the protection afforded to healthcare workers by current PPE ensembles during assessment of a suspected HCID case and to provide an evidence base to justify proposal of a unified PPE ensemble for healthcare workers across the UK. METHODS: One 'basic level' (enhanced precautions) PPE ensemble and five 'suspected case' PPE ensembles were evaluated in volunteer trials using 'Violet'; a UV-fluorescence-based simulation exercise to visualise exposure/contamination events...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317259/adherence-to-contact-precautions-among-different-types-of-healthcare-workers-through-video-monitoring-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#8
Yuichi Katanami, Kayoko Hayakawa, Takeshi Shimazaki, Yuko Sugiki, Saho Takaya, Kei Yamamoto, Satoshi Kutsuna, Yasuyuki Kato, Norio Ohmagari
BACKGROUND: Contact precautions are required to prevent transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms; however, reports on adherence rates vary. Through video monitoring, we evaluated adherence to the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) among different types of healthcare workers. METHODS: This study was an observational study conducted in a 781-bed tertiary hospital from July 2016 to March 2017. We installed cameras in areas where staff don PPE. Infection control teams observed the videos and assessed adherence rates...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317001/video-based-learning-vs-traditional-lecture-for-instructing-emergency-medicine-residents-in-disaster-medicine-principles-of-mass-triage-decontamination-and-personal-protective-equipment
#9
Henry A Curtis, Karen Trang, Kevin W Chason, Paul D Biddinger
Introduction Great demands have been placed on disaster medicine educators. There is a need to develop innovative methods to educate Emergency Physicians in the ever-expanding body of disaster medicine knowledge. The authors sought to demonstrate that video-based learning (VBL) could be a promising alternative to traditional learning methods for teaching disaster medicine core competencies. Hypothesis/Problem The objective was to compare VBL to traditional lecture (TL) for instructing Emergency Medicine residents in the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP; Irving, Texas USA) disaster medicine core competencies of patient triage and decontamination...
January 10, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306198/a-glyphosate-based-herbicide-reduces-fertility-embryonic-upper-thermal-tolerance-and-alters-embryonic-diapause-of-the-threatened-annual-fish-austrolebias-nigrofasciatus
#10
Yuri Dornelles Zebral, Luize Real Lansini, Patrícia Gomes Costa, Mauricio Roza, Adalto Bianchini, Ricardo Berteaux Robaldo
Roundup is the most popular glyphosate-based herbicide (GBH) worldwide. These formulations kill a wide range of plants. Despite that, non-target species can be jeopardized by GBH, such as the annual fish Austrolebias nigrofasciatus. This species occurs in wetlands that dries annually. Key-adaptations permit them to live in such harsh habitats, e. i. Elevated fertility, drought-tolerant diapausing embryos and elevated thermal tolerance. We aimed to evaluate acute (96 h) effects of Roundup exposure (0.36 or 3...
January 2, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301398/poly-para-phenyleneethynylene-sensor-arrays-discriminate-22-different-teas
#11
Benhua Wang, Jinsong Han, Markus Bender, Sebastian Hahn, Kai Seehafer, Uwe H F Bunz
Two nine-element sensor arrays, consisting of either three cationic poly(para-phenylene-ethynylene)s (PPE) or the same PPEs complexed by cucurbituril[8] (CB[8]) at pH 3, 7 and 13 in water, discriminate 22 different teas and some of their small molecule components, including caffeine, theobromine and theophylline. Both arrays distinguish all of the black, green and oolong teas. The discrimination occurs by differential fluorescence modulation of the components of the sensor array and the treatment of the collected data by linear discriminant analysis...
January 5, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283320/firefighter-attitudes-norms-beliefs-barriers-and-behaviors-toward-post-fire-decontamination-processes-in-an-era-of-increased-cancer-risk
#12
Tyler R Harrison, Jessica Wendorf Muhamad, Fan Yang, Susan E Morgan, Ed Talavera, Alberto Caban-Martinez, Erin Kobetz
Firefighters' are exposed to carcinogens such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) during fires and from their personal protective equipment (PPE). Recent research has shown that decontamination processes can reduce contamination on both gear and skin. While firefighter cultures that honor dirty gear are changing, little is known about current attitudes and behaviors toward decontamination in the fire service. Four hundred eighty-five firefighters from four departments completed surveys about their attitudes, beliefs, perceived norms, barriers, and behaviors toward post-fire decontamination processes...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276642/young-adult-street-vendors-and-adverse-respiratory-health-outcomes-in-bangkok-thailand
#13
Saisattha Noomnual, Derek G Shendell
Air pollutants of concern include traffic-related air pollution, including particulate matter in respirable coarse and fine size fractions. There are no critical studies to date into associations between knowledge, awareness, and attitudes in using proper respiratory masks and prevalence of respiratory symptoms among urban street vendors in Thailand. In this study, we estimated adverse respiratory health outcomes among street vendors, in particular young adults, in Bangkok, Thailand, using a self-report questionnaire...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276288/hazardous-drug-contamination-of-drug-preparation-devices-and-staff-a-contamination-study-simulating-the-use-of-chemotherapy-drugs-in-a-clinical-setting
#14
Evan Call, Brian Bill, Chad McLean, Nathan Call, Allyn Bernkopf, Craig Oberg
Background: Hazardous drug contamination (HD) in healthcare environments continues, placing healthcare staff at risk of significantly chronic health problems, despite the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and closed system transfer device systems (CSTDs). Objective: This study's aim was to determine how HD might spread through touch after handling contaminated vials in simulated pharmacy and nursing environments. Methods: UV fluorescent powder Glo Germ (Glo Germ Co., Moab, UT), composed of melamine resin, was used to simulate HD...
September 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249808/brain-structure-in-women-at-risk-of-postpartum-psychosis-an-mri-study
#15
Montserrat Fusté, Astrid Pauls, Amanda Worker, Antje A T S Reinders, Andrew Simmons, Steven C R Williams, Josep M Haro, Kate Hazelgrove, Susan Pawlby, Susan Conroy, Costanza Vecchio, Gertrude Seneviratne, Carmine M Pariante, Mitul A Mehta, Paola Dazzan
Postpartum psychosis (PP) is the most severe psychiatric disorder associated with childbirth. The risk of PP is very high in women with a history of bipolar affective disorder or schizoaffective disorder. However, the neurobiological basis of PP remains poorly understood and no study has evaluated brain structure in women at risk of, or with, PP. We performed a cross-sectional study of 256 women at risk of PP and 21 healthy controls (HC) in the same postpartum period. Among women at risk, 11 who developed a recent episode of PP (PPE) (n = 2 with lifetime bipolar disorder; n = 9 psychotic disorder not otherwise specified) and 15 at risk women who did not develop an episode of PP (NPPE) (n = 10 with lifetime bipolar disorder; n = 1 with schizoaffective disorder; n = 1 with a history of PP in first-degree family member; n = 3 with previous PP)...
December 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242064/hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-in-clinical-and-experimental-aortic-aneurysm-disease
#16
Wei Wang, Baohui Xu, Haojun Xuan, Yingbin Ge, Yan Wang, Lixin Wang, Jianhua Huang, Weiguo Fu, Sara A Michie, Ronald L Dalman
OBJECTIVE: Mural angiogenesis and macrophage accumulation are two pathologic hallmarks of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease. The heterodimeric transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is an essential regulator of angiogenesis and macrophage function. In this study, we investigated HIF-1 expression and activity in clinical and experimental AAA disease. METHODS: Human aortic samples were obtained from 24 AAA patients and six organ donors during open abdominal surgery...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221154/expression-of-ganglioside-gd2-reprogram-the-lipid-metabolism-and-emt-phenotype-in-bladder-cancer
#17
Venkatrao Vantaku, Sri Ramya Donepudi, Chandrashekar R Ambati, Feng Jin, Vasanta Putluri, Khoa Nguyen, Kimal Rajapakshe, Cristian Coarfa, Venkata Lokesh Battula, Yair Lotan, Nagireddy Putluri
High-grade Bladder Cancer (BLCA) represents the most aggressive and treatment-resistant cancer that renders the patients with poor survival. However, only a few biomarkers have been identified for the detection and treatment of BLCA. Recent studies show that ganglioside GD2 can be used as cancer biomarker and/or therapeutic target for various cancers. Despite its potential relevance in cancer diagnosis and therapeutics, the role of GD2 is unknown in BLCA. Here, we report for the first time that high-grade BLCA tissues and cell lines have higher expression of GD2 compared to low-grade by high-resolution Mass Spectrometry...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212988/new-development-of-research-on-personal-protective-equipment-ppe-for-occupational-safety-and-health
#18
Shin-Ichi Sawada, Kalev Kuklane, Kaoru Wakatsuki, Hideaki Morikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203022/promotion-of-alternative-sized-personal-protective-equipment
#19
Michael A Flynn, Brenna Keller, Sheli C DeLaney
INTRODUCTION: With more diversity in the workforce, companies are producing PPE such as hard hats, safety glasses, coveralls, foot protection, and safety harnesses for a larger range of body shapes and sizes. However, gray literature reports suggest that barriers exist to getting alternate sized PPE from the manufacturer to the workers who need it. The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which alternative-sized PPE is marketed. METHOD: A web-based review of seven major manufacturers of PPE was conducted to determine: (a) whether or not they offer alternative-sized products, (b) if these products are clearly labeled, and (c) if images used to display PPE are representative of a diverse workforce...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202740/the-pleural-fluid-lactate-dehydrogenase-adenosine-deaminase-ratio-differentiates-between-tuberculous-and-parapneumonic-pleural-effusions
#20
Jinlin Wang, Jun Liu, Xiaohong Xie, Panxiao Shen, Jianxing He, Yunxiang Zeng
BACKGROUND: Although pleural fluid lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels are often used to distinguish between tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) and parapneumonic pleural effusion (PPE), this can be challenging as the LDH level may vary from normal to severely increased in PPE and a significantly elevated ADA is frequently measured in both conditions. In this study, we evaluated use of the pleural fluid LDH/ADA ratio as a new parameter to discriminate TPE from PPE...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
keyword
keyword
38337
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"