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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050868/field-assessment-of-the-new-rapid-diagnostic-test-ebola-ezyscreen-%C3%A2
#1
F Gallais, F Gay-Andrieu, V Picot, N Magassouba, S Mély, C N Peyrefitte, L Bellanger
During the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa in 2014, the World Health Organization has pointed out the need for rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) affordable, sensitive, specific, user-friendly, rapid, equipment-free, and deliverable. The rapid diagnostic test (Lateral Flow Assay) Ebola eZYSCREEN(®) was developed in this emergency frame using monoclonal antibodies against the envelope glycoprotein of the virus. Two distinct versions have been industrialized, one for whole-blood samples and the other for serum/plasma samples...
January 3, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982618/precision-measurement-of-the-boron-to-carbon-flux-ratio-in-cosmic-rays-from-1-9%C3%A2-gv-to-2-6%C3%A2-tv-with-the-alpha-magnetic-spectrometer-on-the-international-space-station
#2
M Aguilar, L Ali Cavasonza, G Ambrosi, L Arruda, N Attig, S Aupetit, P Azzarello, A Bachlechner, F Barao, A Barrau, L Barrin, A Bartoloni, L Basara, S Başeğmez-du Pree, M Battarbee, R Battiston, U Becker, M Behlmann, B Beischer, J Berdugo, B Bertucci, K F Bindel, V Bindi, G Boella, W de Boer, K Bollweg, V Bonnivard, B Borgia, M J Boschini, M Bourquin, E F Bueno, J Burger, F Cadoux, X D Cai, M Capell, S Caroff, J Casaus, G Castellini, F Cervelli, M J Chae, Y H Chang, A I Chen, G M Chen, H S Chen, L Cheng, H Y Chou, E Choumilov, V Choutko, C H Chung, C Clark, R Clavero, G Coignet, C Consolandi, A Contin, C Corti, W Creus, M Crispoltoni, Z Cui, Y M Dai, C Delgado, S Della Torre, O Demakov, M B Demirköz, L Derome, S Di Falco, F Dimiccoli, C Díaz, P von Doetinchem, F Dong, F Donnini, M Duranti, D D'Urso, A Egorov, A Eline, T Eronen, J Feng, E Fiandrini, E Finch, P Fisher, V Formato, Y Galaktionov, G Gallucci, B García, R J García-López, C Gargiulo, H Gast, I Gebauer, M Gervasi, A Ghelfi, F Giovacchini, P Goglov, D M Gómez-Coral, J Gong, C Goy, V Grabski, D Grandi, M Graziani, K H Guo, S Haino, K C Han, Z H He, M Heil, J Hoffman, T H Hsieh, H Huang, Z C Huang, C Huh, M Incagli, M Ionica, W Y Jang, H Jinchi, S C Kang, K Kanishev, G N Kim, K S Kim, Th Kirn, C Konak, O Kounina, A Kounine, V Koutsenko, M S Krafczyk, G La Vacca, E Laudi, G Laurenti, I Lazzizzera, A Lebedev, H T Lee, S C Lee, C Leluc, H S Li, J Q Li, J Q Li, Q Li, T X Li, W Li, Y Li, Z H Li, Z Y Li, S Lim, C H Lin, P Lipari, T Lippert, D Liu, Hu Liu, V D Lordello, S Q Lu, Y S Lu, K Luebelsmeyer, F Luo, J Z Luo, S S Lv, F Machate, R Majka, C Mañá, J Marín, T Martin, G Martínez, N Masi, D Maurin, A Menchaca-Rocha, Q Meng, V M Mikuni, D C Mo, L Morescalchi, P Mott, T Nelson, J Q Ni, N Nikonov, F Nozzoli, A Oliva, M Orcinha, F Palmonari, C Palomares, M Paniccia, M Pauluzzi, S Pensotti, R Pereira, N Picot-Clemente, F Pilo, C Pizzolotto, V Plyaskin, M Pohl, V Poireau, A Putze, L Quadrani, X M Qi, X Qin, Z Y Qu, T Räihä, P G Rancoita, D Rapin, J S Ricol, S Rosier-Lees, A Rozhkov, D Rozza, R Sagdeev, J Sandweiss, P Saouter, S Schael, S M Schmidt, A Schulz von Dratzig, G Schwering, E S Seo, B S Shan, J Y Shi, T Siedenburg, D Son, J W Song, W H Sun, M Tacconi, X W Tang, Z C Tang, L Tao, D Tescaro, Samuel C C Ting, S M Ting, N Tomassetti, J Torsti, C Türkoğlu, T Urban, V Vagelli, E Valente, C Vannini, E Valtonen, M Vázquez Acosta, M Vecchi, M Velasco, J P Vialle, V Vitale, S Vitillo, L Q Wang, N H Wang, Q L Wang, X Wang, X Q Wang, Z X Wang, C C Wei, Z L Weng, K Whitman, J Wienkenhöver, H Wu, X Wu, X Xia, R Q Xiong, W Xu, Q Yan, J Yang, M Yang, Y Yang, H Yi, Y J Yu, Z Q Yu, S Zeissler, C Zhang, J Zhang, J H Zhang, S D Zhang, S W Zhang, Z Zhang, Z M Zheng, Z Q Zhu, H L Zhuang, V Zhukov, A Zichichi, N Zimmermann, P Zuccon
Knowledge of the rigidity dependence of the boron to carbon flux ratio (B/C) is important in understanding the propagation of cosmic rays. The precise measurement of the B/C ratio from 1.9 GV to 2.6 TV, based on 2.3 million boron and 8.3 million carbon nuclei collected by AMS during the first 5 years of operation, is presented. The detailed variation with rigidity of the B/C spectral index is reported for the first time. The B/C ratio does not show any significant structures in contrast to many cosmic ray models that require such structures at high rigidities...
December 2, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979684/laboratory-tests-for-legionnaire-s-disease
#3
REVIEW
W Michael Dunne, Nathalie Picot, Alex van Belkum
Legionella pneumophila is one of the more recently discovered bacterial pathogens of humans. The last 2 decades have seen tremendous progress in the evolution of diagnostic tests, for detection and characterization of this pathogen and for defining the host response to infection. This has generated several diagnostic tools that span the range from simple immunologic assays to modern genome sequencing. This review describes the state of affairs of this continuously evolving field regarding the diagnosis of Legionnaire's disease and covers detection, assessment of antibiotic susceptibility, and epidemiologic characterization of isolates of L pneumophila and other pathogenic species within the genus...
December 12, 2016: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965532/the-neuropeptide-26rfa-qrfp-and-its-role-in-the-regulation-of-energy-homeostasis-a-mini-review
#4
REVIEW
Nicolas Chartrel, Marie Picot, Mouna El Medhi, Arnaud Arabo, Hind Berrahmoune, David Alexandre, Julie Maucotel, Youssef Anouar, Gaëtan Prévost
This mini-review deals with the neuropeptide 26RFa (or QRFP) which is a member of the RFamide peptide family discovered simultaneously by three groups in 2003. 26RFa (or its N-extended form 43RFa) was subsequently shown to be the endogenous ligand of the human orphan receptor GPR103. In the brain, 26RFa and GPR103mRNA are primarily expressed in hypothalamic nuclei involved in the control of feeding behavior, and at the periphery, the neuropeptide and its receptor are present in abundance in the gut and the pancreatic islets, suggesting that 26RFa is involved in the regulation of energy metabolism...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939818/medical-school-surgical-boot-camps-a-systematic-review
#5
Christopher J Neylan, Elizabeth F Nelson, Kristoffel R Dumon, Jon B Morris, Noel N Williams, Daniel T Dempsey, Rachel R Kelz, Carla S Fisher, Steven R Allen
PURPOSE: Many medical schools have begun to offer surgical boot camps to senior medical students. The aim of the present study is to systematically review the literature and evidence surrounding medical school surgical boot camps to direct future research into the effectiveness of boot camps. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted, searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and ERIC. The review was conducted according to the PICOTS structure, with an intervention of a surgical boot camp for senior medical students entering surgical residencies...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931702/peripheral-nerve-blocks-causing-increased-risk-for-fall-and-difficulty-in-ambulation-for-the-hip-and-knee-joint-replacement-patient
#6
Bonnie L Crumley Aybar, Michael J Gillespie, Sean F Gipson, Caitlin E Mullaney, Melissa Tommasino-Storz
A systematic review of the literature was completed by the Evidence-Based Practice Group for the Patient population, Intervention/Issue, Comparison Intervention, Outcomes, Timing (PICOT) question: "Does the use of a peripheral nerve block increase the risk for falls and difficulty ambulation in patients after lower extremity surgery through postoperative day 2?" A search of multiple databases using specified key terms resulted in 258 articles for total knee arthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty. These were reduced to 13 with exclusion criteria and became primary evidence...
December 2016: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922126/viral-and-bacterial-co-infection-in-severe-pneumonia-triggers-innate-immune-responses-and-specifically-enhances-ip-10-a-translational-study
#7
Jonathan Hoffmann, Daniela Machado, Olivier Terrier, Stephane Pouzol, Mélina Messaoudi, Wilma Basualdo, Emilio E Espínola, Rosa M Guillen, Manuel Rosa-Calatrava, Valentina Picot, Thomas Bénet, Hubert Endtz, Graciela Russomando, Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà
Mixed viral and bacterial infections are widely described in community-acquired pneumonia; however, the clinical implications of co-infection on the associated immunopathology remain poorly studied. In this study, microRNA, mRNA and cytokine/chemokine secretion profiling were investigated for human monocyte-derived macrophages infected in-vitro with Influenza virus A/H1N1 and/or Streptococcus pneumoniae. We observed that the in-vitro co-infection synergistically increased interferon-γ-induced protein-10 (CXCL10, IP-10) expression compared to the singly-infected cells conditions...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883170/macvia-lr-fighting-chronic-diseases-for-active-and-healthy-ageing-in-languedoc-roussillon-a-success-story-of-the-european-innovation-partnership-on-active-and-healthy-ageing
#8
J Bousquet, R Bourret, T Camuzat, P Augé, J Bringer, M Noguès, O Jonquet, J E de la Coussaye, J Ankri, M Cesari, O Guérin, B Vellas, H Blain, S Arnavielhe, A Avignon, B Combe, G Canovas, C Daien, G Dray, A Dupeyron, C Jeandel, I Laffont, D Laune, C Marion, E Pastor, J Y Pélissier, B Galan, J Reynes, J C Reuzeau, A Bedbrook, S Granier, P A Adnet, M Amouyal, B Alomène, P L Bernard, C Berr, D Caimmi, P G Claret, D J Costa, J P Cristol, P Fesler, D Hève, J Millot-Keurinck, D Morquin, G Ninot, M C Picot, N Raffort, F Roubille, A Sultan, J Touchon, V Attalin, C Azevedo, M Badin, K Bakhti, B Bardy, M P Battesti, X Bobia, C Boegner, S Boichot, H Y Bonnin, S Bouly, C Boubakri, J L Bourrain, G Bourrel, V Bouix, V Bruguière, S Cade, W Camu, V Carre, G Cavalli, G Cayla, R Chiron, P Coignard, F Coroian, P Costa, J Cottalorda, B Coulet, A L Coupet, M C Courrouy-Michel, P Courtet, V Cros, F Cuisinier, M Danko, P Dauenhauer, M Dauzat, M David, J M Davy, D Delignières, P Demoly, J Desplan, P Dujols, G Dupeyron, O Engberink, M Enjalbert, C Fattal, J Fernandes, M Fouletier, P Fraisse, P Gabrion, M Gellerat-Rogier, A Gelis, C Genis, N Giraudeau, A Y Goucham, F Gouzi, F Gressard, J C Gris, B Guillot, D Guiraud, V Handweiler, M Hayot, C Hérisson, C Heroum, D Hoa, S Jacquemin, S Jaber, D Jakovenko, C Jorgensen, P Kouyoudjian, R Lamoureux, L Landreau, M Lapierre, D Larrey, C Laurent, M S Léglise, J M Lemaitre, A Le Quellec, F Leclercq, S Lehmann, B Lognos, Cj M Lussert, A Makinson, K Mandrick, P Mares, P Martin-Gousset, A Matheron, G Mathieu, M Meissonnier, G Mercier, P Messner, C Meunier, M Mondain, R Morales, J Morel, D Mottet, P Nérin, P Nicolas, F Nouvel, D Paccard, G Pandraud, M P Pasdelou, J L Pasquié, K Patte, S Perrey, Y M Pers, F Portejoie, J L E Pujol, X Quantin, I Quéré, S Ramdani, J Ribstein, I Rédini-Martinez, S Richard, K Ritchie, J P Riso, F Rivier, J M Robine, C Rolland, E Royère, D Sablot, J L Savy, L Schifano, P Senesse, R Sicard, Y Stephan, D Strubel, G Tallon, M Tanfin, H Tassery, I Tavares, K Torre, V Tribout, A Uziel, P Van de Perre, F Venail, C Vergne-Richard, G Vergotte, L Vian, F Vialla, F Viart, M Villain, E Viollet, M Ychou, J Mercier
The Région Languedoc Roussillon is the umbrella organisation for an interconnected and integrated project on active and healthy ageing (AHA). It covers the 3 pillars of the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP on AHA): (A) Prevention and health promotion, (B) Care and cure, (C) and (D) Active and independent living of elderly people. All sub-activities (poly-pharmacy, falls prevention initiative, prevention of frailty, chronic respiratory diseases, chronic diseases with multimorbidities, chronic infectious diseases, active and independent living and disability) have been included in MACVIA-LR which has a strong political commitment and involves all stakeholders (public, private, patients, policy makers) including CARSAT-LR and the Eurobiomed cluster...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843003/-social-participation-after-childhood-craniopharyngioma
#9
C Olivari-Philiponnet, F Roumenoff, M Schneider, C Chantran, M Picot, P Berlier, C Mottolese, J-C Bernard, C Vuillerot
: Craniopharyngioma is a rare, benign central nervous system tumor, which may be a source of multiple complications, from endocrinology to vision, neurology and neurocognitive functions. This morbidity can lead to reduced participation in life activities, as described in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The primary objective of this study was to measure participation in life activities in a population of children and young adults affected by childhood craniopharyngioma, using the LIFE-H questionnaire (Assessment of Life Habits), validated as a social participation measurement tool in various pediatric disabilities...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836875/framing-of-research-question-using-the-picot-format-in-randomised-controlled-trials-of-venous-ulcer-disease-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-survey-of-the-literature
#10
Luciana P F Abbade, Mei Wang, Kamath Sriganesh, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: Although venous ulcers have a great social and economic impact, there is a lack of evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to support appropriate management for this disease. Framing the research question using the Population; Intervention; Comparator; Outcome; Time frame (PICOT) format in RCTs can improve the quality of the research design. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how the PICOT format is used to frame a research question in reports of RCTs of venous ulcer disease and to determine the factors associated with better adherence to the PICOT format in framing the research question...
November 11, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801764/tissue-based-immunohistochemical-biomarker-accuracy-in-the-diagnosis-of-malignant-glandular-lesions-of-the-uterine-cervix-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#11
Sandra Lee, Marianne S Rose, Vikrant V Sahasrabuddhe, Rachel Zhao, Máire A Duggan
Immunohistochemistry is widely used to support a pathology diagnosis of cervical adenocarcinoma despite the absence of a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published data. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to investigate the sensitivity and specificity of immunohistochemistry biomarkers in the tissue-based diagnosis of cervical adenocarcinoma histotypes compared with normal endocervix and benign glandular lesions. The systematic review and meta-analysis used a PICOT framework and QUADAS-2 to evaluate the quality of included studies...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780629/pertussis-biology-epidemiology-and-prevention
#12
Mitra Saadatian-Elahi, Stanley Plotkin, Kingston H G Mills, Scott A Halperin, Peter B McIntyre, Valentina Picot, Jacques Louis, David R Johnson
Despite long-standing vaccination programs, substantial increases in reported cases of pertussis have been described in several countries during the last 5years. Cases among very young infants who are at greatest risk of pertussis-related hospitalizations and mortality are the most alarming. Multiple hypotheses including but not limited to the availability of more sensitive diagnostic tests, greater awareness, and waning vaccine-induced immunity over time have been posited for the current challenges with pertussis...
October 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779779/direct-sar-mapping-by-thermoacoustic-imaging-a-feasibility-study
#13
Simone A Winkler, Paul A Picot, Michael M Thornton, Brian K Rutt
PURPOSE: To develop a new method capable of directly measuring specific absorption rate (SAR) deposited in tissue using the thermoacoustic signal induced by short radiofrequency (RF) pulse excitation. THEORY: A detailed model based on the thermoacoustic wave generation and propagation is presented. METHODS: We propose a new concept for direct measurement of SAR, to be used as a safety assessment/monitoring tool for MRI. The concept involves the use of short bursts of RF energy and the measurement of the resulting thermoacoustic excitation pattern by an array of ultrasound transducers, followed by image reconstruction to yield the 3D SAR distribution...
October 25, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742172/the-scalp-hair-collar-and-tuft-signs-a-retrospective-multicenter-study-of-78-patients-with-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Didier Bessis, Michèle Bigorre, Nausicaa Malissen, Guillaume Captier, Christine Chiaverini, Claire Abasq, Sébastien Barbarot, Olivia Boccara, Emmanuelle Bourrat, Hassan El Fertit, Catherine Eschard, Thomas Hubiche, Jean-Philippe Lacour, Nicolas Leboucq, Emmanuel Mahé, Stéphanie Mallet, Myriam Marque, Ludovic Martin, Juliette Mazereeuw-Hautier, Nathalie Milla, Alice Phan, Patrice Plantin, Marie-Christine Picot, Eve Puzenat, Valérie Rigau, Pierre Vabres, Sylvie Fraitag, Franck Boralevi
BACKGROUND: Hair collar sign (HCS) and hair tuft of the scalp (HTS) are cutaneous signs of an underlying neuroectodermal defect, but most available data are based on case reports. OBJECTIVE: We sought to define the clinical spectrum of HCS and HTS, clarify the risk for underlying neurovascular anomalies, and provide imaging recommendations. METHODS: A 10-year multicenter retrospective and prospective analysis of clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic features of HCS and HTS in pediatric patients was performed...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692831/7-chloro-4-aminoquinoline-%C3%AE-hydroxy-%C3%AE-lactam-derived-tetramates-as-a-new-family-of-antimalarial-compounds
#15
Nicolas Chopin, Shinya Iikawa, Julien Bosson, Adeline Lavoignat, Guillaume Bonnot, Anne-Lise Bienvenu, Stéphane Picot, Jean-Philippe Bouillon, Maurice Médebielle
In this Letter we report on an efficient and short 2-3 steps synthesis of γ-hydroxy-γ-lactam derived-tetramates bearing a 7-chloro-4-aminoquinoline skeleton and their evaluation as potent antimalarials. These molecules were obtained through ring opening-ring closure (RORC) process of γ-ylidene-tetronate derivatives in the presence of 7-chloro-4-aminoquinoline-derived amines. In vitro antimalarial activity of these new γ-lactams was evaluated against Plasmodium falciparum clones of variable sensitivity (3D7 and W2) and they were found to be active in the range of 14-827nM with generally good resistance index...
September 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692524/report-of-the-cent-gardes-hiv-vaccines-conference-part-2-the-cellular-immune-response-fondation-m%C3%A3-rieux-conference-center-veyrier-du-lac-france-25-27-october-2015
#16
Marc P Girard, Roger Le-Grand, Valentina Picot, Christophe Longuet, Gary J Nabel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659388/-condydav-a-multicentre-observational-study-of-patients-presenting-external-genital-warts-in-france
#17
J Chanal, S Fouéré, F Yassir-Oria, N Spenatto, F Bouscarat, E Picot, P Martinet, C Vernay-Vaisse, F Pelletier, C Courtieu, V Baclet, C Bernier, D Aymar-Moulene, F Dupuis-Fourdan, A Passeron, C Bara-Passot, A-L Pinault, L Misery, M Janier, N Dupin
BACKGROUND: Since 2007 in France, human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination has been licensed for use as a vaccine against HPV 6, 11, 16 and 18. The impact on the epidemiology of external genital warts (EGWs) in a large population remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine epidemiologic and clinical features of patients presenting EGWs in France in the era of HPV vaccination. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, observational study, we analyzed clinical features and treatments between January 1st, 2012 and March 31, 2012 for patients consulting for EGWs at 15 STI clinics throughout France...
November 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646701/individual-variation-in-an-acute-stress-response-reflects-divergent-coping-strategies-in-a-large-herbivore
#18
Chloé Monestier, Emmanuelle Gilot-Fromont, Nicolas Morellet, Lucie Debeffe, Nicolas Cebe, Joël Merlet, Denis Picot, Jean-Luc Rames, A J Mark Hewison, Hélène Verheyden
Individuals differ in the manner that they cope with risk. When these behavioral differences are manifested in risky or challenging environments (i.e. stressful situations), they are generally interpreted within the "coping style" framework. As studying inter-individual variability in behavior is particularly challenging in the wild, we used a captive facility to explore consistency in the individual behavioral response to an acute stress in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). Using behavioral and physiological parameters measured six times across a calendar year, we first quantified individual repeatability and, second, explored the correlations among these parameters that might indicate a coherent stress response...
November 2016: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617799/three-complementary-approaches-to-characterize-buprenorphine-misuse
#19
Céline Eiden, Erika Nogue, Caroline Diot, Elisabeth Frauger, Emilie Jouanjus, Yves Léglise, Marie-Christine Picot, Hélène Peyriere
BACKGROUND: In France, buprenorphine has been available for opioid maintenance therapy since 1996 and since then its misuse has been continuously evaluated by the French health authorities. OBJECTIVES: To characterize buprenorphine misuse in Languedoc-Roussillon (LR) region, using three different approaches. METHODS: Three different data sources were analyzed : (i) spontaneous reports (NotS) of buprenorphine misuse or dependence, (ii) a specific periodic survey from specialized care centers (OPPIDUM) over 11 years (2002-2012) and (iii) a drug reimbursement database (DRB)...
December 5, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610839/antiproton-flux-antiproton-to-proton-flux-ratio-and-properties-of-elementary-particle-fluxes-in-primary-cosmic-rays-measured-with-the-alpha-magnetic-spectrometer-on-the-international-space-station
#20
M Aguilar, L Ali Cavasonza, B Alpat, G Ambrosi, L Arruda, N Attig, S Aupetit, P Azzarello, A Bachlechner, F Barao, A Barrau, L Barrin, A Bartoloni, L Basara, S Başeǧmez-du Pree, M Battarbee, R Battiston, J Bazo, U Becker, M Behlmann, B Beischer, J Berdugo, B Bertucci, V Bindi, G Boella, W de Boer, K Bollweg, V Bonnivard, B Borgia, M J Boschini, M Bourquin, E F Bueno, J Burger, F Cadoux, X D Cai, M Capell, S Caroff, J Casaus, G Castellini, I Cernuda, F Cervelli, M J Chae, Y H Chang, A I Chen, G M Chen, H S Chen, L Cheng, H Y Chou, E Choumilov, V Choutko, C H Chung, C Clark, R Clavero, G Coignet, C Consolandi, A Contin, C Corti, B Coste, W Creus, M Crispoltoni, Z Cui, Y M Dai, C Delgado, S Della Torre, M B Demirköz, L Derome, S Di Falco, F Dimiccoli, C Díaz, P von Doetinchem, F Dong, F Donnini, M Duranti, D D'Urso, A Egorov, A Eline, T Eronen, J Feng, E Fiandrini, E Finch, P Fisher, V Formato, Y Galaktionov, G Gallucci, B García, R J García-López, C Gargiulo, H Gast, I Gebauer, M Gervasi, A Ghelfi, F Giovacchini, P Goglov, D M Gómez-Coral, J Gong, C Goy, V Grabski, D Grandi, M Graziani, I Guerri, K H Guo, M Habiby, S Haino, K C Han, Z H He, M Heil, J Hoffman, T H Hsieh, H Huang, Z C Huang, C Huh, M Incagli, M Ionica, W Y Jang, H Jinchi, S C Kang, K Kanishev, G N Kim, K S Kim, Th Kirn, C Konak, O Kounina, A Kounine, V Koutsenko, M S Krafczyk, G La Vacca, E Laudi, G Laurenti, I Lazzizzera, A Lebedev, H T Lee, S C Lee, C Leluc, H S Li, J Q Li, J Q Li, Q Li, T X Li, W Li, Z H Li, Z Y Li, S Lim, C H Lin, P Lipari, T Lippert, D Liu, Hu Liu, S Q Lu, Y S Lu, K Luebelsmeyer, F Luo, J Z Luo, S S Lv, R Majka, C Mañá, J Marín, T Martin, G Martínez, N Masi, D Maurin, A Menchaca-Rocha, Q Meng, D C Mo, L Morescalchi, P Mott, T Nelson, J Q Ni, N Nikonov, F Nozzoli, P Nunes, A Oliva, M Orcinha, F Palmonari, C Palomares, M Paniccia, M Pauluzzi, S Pensotti, R Pereira, N Picot-Clemente, F Pilo, C Pizzolotto, V Plyaskin, M Pohl, V Poireau, A Putze, L Quadrani, X M Qi, X Qin, Z Y Qu, T Räihä, P G Rancoita, D Rapin, J S Ricol, I Rodríguez, S Rosier-Lees, A Rozhkov, D Rozza, R Sagdeev, J Sandweiss, P Saouter, S Schael, S M Schmidt, A Schulz von Dratzig, G Schwering, E S Seo, B S Shan, J Y Shi, T Siedenburg, D Son, J W Song, W H Sun, M Tacconi, X W Tang, Z C Tang, L Tao, D Tescaro, Samuel C C Ting, S M Ting, N Tomassetti, J Torsti, C Türkoğlu, T Urban, V Vagelli, E Valente, C Vannini, E Valtonen, M Vázquez Acosta, M Vecchi, M Velasco, J P Vialle, V Vitale, S Vitillo, L Q Wang, N H Wang, Q L Wang, X Wang, X Q Wang, Z X Wang, C C Wei, Z L Weng, K Whitman, J Wienkenhöver, M Willenbrock, H Wu, X Wu, X Xia, R Q Xiong, W Xu, Q Yan, J Yang, M Yang, Y Yang, H Yi, Y J Yu, Z Q Yu, S Zeissler, C Zhang, J Zhang, J H Zhang, S D Zhang, S W Zhang, Z Zhang, Z M Zheng, Z Q Zhu, H L Zhuang, V Zhukov, A Zichichi, N Zimmermann, P Zuccon
A precision measurement by AMS of the antiproton flux and the antiproton-to-proton flux ratio in primary cosmic rays in the absolute rigidity range from 1 to 450 GV is presented based on 3.49×10^{5} antiproton events and 2.42×10^{9} proton events. The fluxes and flux ratios of charged elementary particles in cosmic rays are also presented. In the absolute rigidity range ∼60 to ∼500  GV, the antiproton p[over ¯], proton p, and positron e^{+} fluxes are found to have nearly identical rigidity dependence and the electron e^{-} flux exhibits a different rigidity dependence...
August 26, 2016: Physical Review Letters
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