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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647877/volatile-organic-compounds-vocs-during-non-haze-and-haze-days-in-shanghai-characterization-and-secondary-organic-aerosol-soa-formation
#1
Deming Han, Zhen Wang, Jinping Cheng, Qian Wang, Xiaojia Chen, Heling Wang
To better understand the characterization and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) during non-haze and haze days, ambient VOCs were continuously measured by a vehicle-mounted online thermal desorption system coupled with a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (TD-GC/MS) system in Shanghai, China. The average concentrations of VOCs in haze episodes (193.2 μg m(-3)) were almost 50% higher than in non-haze periods (130.8 μg m(-3)). VOC concentrations exhibited a bi-modal pattern in the morning and evening rush hour periods on both non-haze and haze days...
June 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644320/in-reply
#2
Barret Rush, Pawel Martinka, Robert C McDermid, John H Boyd, Leo Anthony Celi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641040/-drunkorexia-understanding-eating-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-weight-conscious-drinkers-in-a-sample-of-college-students
#3
Amanda H Wilkerson, Christine L Hackman, Sarah E Rush, Stuart L Usdan, Corinne S Smith
OBJECTIVE: Behaviors of weight conscious drinkers (BWCD) include disordered eating, excessive physical activity, and heavy episodic drinking. Considering approximately 25% of college students report BWCD, it is important to investigate what characteristics increase the likelihood of college students engaging in BWCD for both moderate and vigorous physical activity. PARTICIPANTS: 510 college students recruited from a large, public southeastern university. METHODS: Participants completed a cross-sectional survey during the spring 2015 semester...
June 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639384/nurses-attitudes-towards-older-people-care-an-integrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Kathy L Rush, Stormee Hickey, Sheila Epp, Robert Janke
AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To examine hospital nurses' attitudes towards caring for older adults and delineate associated factors contributing to their attitudes. BACKGROUND: Population aging is of international significance. A nursing workforce able to care for the ageing population is critical for ensuring quality older adult care. A synthesis of research related to nurses' attitudes towards older adult care is important for informing care quality and the nursing workforce issues...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636497/size-segregated-particulate-matter-and-its-association-with-respiratory-deposition-doses-among-outdoor-exercisers-in-dhanbad-city-india
#5
Sunil Kumar Gupta, Suresh Pandian Elumalai
Regular exercise improves physiological processes and yields positive health outcomes. However, it is relatively less known that PM exposure during outdoor exercises may increase several respiratory health problems depending on PM levels. In this study, the respiratory deposition doses (RDDs) in head airway (HD), tracheobronchial (TB) and alveolar (AL) regions of various PM size fractions (PM10, PM2.5 and PM1) were estimated in healthy males and females exercisers in urban outdoor and within house premise. The highest RDDs were found for PM during morning hour in winter compared to remaining periods...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630838/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-case-of-tuberculous-osteomyelitis-causing-spontaneous-pathological-fracture-of-humerus-in-a-middle-aged-female
#6
Umesh Birole, Ashish Ranade, Mahesh Mone
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a major health problem worldwide. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is often secondary to some primary foci in lungs. There are reports of tuberculous osteomyelitis involving maxilla, ulna, femur, and shoulder joint but none have reported pathological fracture in humeral diaphysis due to tuberculosis osteomyelitis without shoulder joint involvement. We report a case of pathological fracture of humerus diaphysis due to tuberculous osteomyelitis with normal articular space...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630517/enhancing-student-communication-skills-through-arabic-language-competency-and-simulated-patient-assessments
#7
Sanah Hasan, Hamadeh M Khier Tarazi, Dana Abdel Halim Hilal
Objective. To assess student communication and patient management skill with introduction of Arabic and use of simulated patient assessments to a communication and counseling course. Design. Five, 3-hour tutorials (clinical skill laboratory) were added to the course covering: listening and empathic responding, non-verbal communications, interviewing skills, assertiveness, counseling in special situations: conflict, anger, worry or rushed situations, and professional decision making. Arabic content was introduced to the course to enhance Arabic communications and competence among students...
May 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623537/durability-of-silicone-airway-stents-in-the-management-of-benign-central-airway-obstruction
#8
Justin M Karush, Christopher W Seder, Anish Raman, Gary W Chmielewski, Michael J Liptay, William H Warren, Andrew T Arndt
PURPOSE: The literature is devoid of a comprehensive analysis of silicone airway stenting for benign central airway obstruction (BCAO). With the largest series in the literature to date, we aim to demonstrate the safety profile, pattern of re-intervention, and duration of silicone airway stents. METHODS: An institutional database was used to identify patients with BCAO who underwent rigid bronchoscopy with dilation and silicone stent placement between 2002 and 2015 at Rush University Medical Center...
June 16, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618612/simon-s-fundamental-rich-get-richer-model-entails-a-dominant-first-mover-advantage
#9
Peter Sheridan Dodds, David Rushing Dewhurst, Fletcher F Hazlehurst, Colin M Van Oort, Lewis Mitchell, Andrew J Reagan, Jake Ryland Williams, Christopher M Danforth
Herbert Simon's classic rich-get-richer model is one of the simplest empirically supported mechanisms capable of generating heavy-tail size distributions for complex systems. Simon argued analytically that a population of flavored elements growing by either adding a novel element or randomly replicating an existing one would afford a distribution of group sizes with a power-law tail. Here, we show that, in fact, Simon's model does not produce a simple power-law size distribution as the initial element has a dominant first-mover advantage, and will be overrepresented by a factor proportional to the inverse of the innovation probability...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616184/reindeer-habitat-use-in-relation-to-two-small-wind-farms-during-preconstruction-construction-and-operation
#10
Anna Skarin, Moudud Alam
Worldwide there is a rush toward wind power development and its associated infrastructure. In Fennoscandia, large-scale wind farms comprising several hundred windmills are currently built in important grazing ranges used for Sámi reindeer husbandry. In this study, reindeer habitat use was assessed using reindeer fecal pellet group counts in relation to two relatively small wind farms, with 8 and 10 turbines, respectively. In 2009, 1,315 15-m(2) plots were established and pellet groups were counted and cleaned from the plots...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616181/incorporating-breeding-abundance-into-spatial-assignments-on-continuous-surfaces
#11
Clark S Rushing, Peter P Marra, Colin E Studds
Determining the geographic connections between breeding and nonbreeding populations, termed migratory connectivity, is critical to advancing our understanding of the ecology and conservation of migratory species. Assignment models based on stable isotopes historically have been an important tool for studying migratory connectivity of small-bodied species, but the low resolution of these assignments has generated interest into combining isotopes with other sources in information. Abundance is one of the most appealing data sources to include in isotope-based assignments, but there are currently no statistical methods or guidelines for optimizing the contribution of stable isotopes and abundance for inferring migratory connectivity...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602096/access-to-palliative-care-for-patients-undergoing-mechanical-ventilation-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-the-united-states
#12
Barret Rush, Landon Berger, Leo Anthony Celi
OBJECTIVE: The utilization of palliative care (PC) in patients with end-stage idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is not well understood. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was utilized to examine the use of PC in mechanically ventilated (MV) patients with IPF. The NIS captures 20% of all US inpatient hospitalizations and is weighted to estimate 95% of all inpatient care. RESULTS: A total of 55 208 382 hospital admissions from the 2006 to 2012 NIS samples were examined...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594579/-from-snail-mode-to-rocket-ship-mode-adolescents-and-young-adults-experiences-of-returning-to-work-and-school-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#13
Eden R Brauer, Huibrie C Pieters, Patricia A Ganz, Wendy Landier, Carol Pavlish, MarySue V Heilemann
PURPOSE: Resuming normal activities, such as work and school, is an important dimension of psychosocial recovery in cancer survivorship. Minimal data exist regarding adolescents or young adults' experiences of returning to school or work after cancer. The purpose of this study was to explore the processes of resuming work and school among adolescents and young adults after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 adolescents and young adults, who were 15-29 years when they underwent HCT and 6-60 months post-transplant at study enrollment...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589836/student-life-no-need-to-rush-into-a-role
#14
Erin Dean
Many students are in a rush to land a job as soon as they qualify. Having spent at least three years with little income, this is understandable.
June 7, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588803/syndrome-of-progressive-bone-marrow-failure-and-pancreatic-insufficiency-remains-cryptic-despite-whole-exome-sequencing-variant-of-shwachman-diamond-syndrome-or-new-condition
#15
Matthew C Fadus, Eric T Rush, Christina K Lettieri
This case underscores the difficulty in diagnosis of bone marrow failure disorders, as the presentation of disease can be inconsistent, complicated by complex and ever-expanding genetic etiologies. A patient who presents with bone marrow failure and pancreatic insufficiency raises the question of Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) or a new condition which resembles SDS.
June 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587223/density-and-habitat-relationships-of-the-endemic-white-mountain-fritillary-boloria-chariclea-montinus-lepidoptera-nymphalidae
#16
Kent P McFarland, John D Lloyd, Spencer P Hardy
We conducted point counts in the alpine zone of the Presidential Range of the White Mountains, New Hampshire, USA, to estimate the distribution and density of the rare endemic White Mountain Fritillary (Boloria chariclea montinus). Incidence of occurrence and density of the endemic White Mountain Fritillary during surveys in 2012 and 2013 were greatest in the herbaceous-snowbank plant community. Densities at points in the heath-shrub-rush plant community were lower, but because this plant community is more widespread in the alpine zone, it likely supports the bulk of adult fritillaries...
June 4, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587118/nerve-growth-factor-and-related-substances-a-brief-history-and-an-introduction-to-the-international-ngf-meeting-series
#17
EDITORIAL
Ralph A Bradshaw, William Mobley, Robert A Rush
Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a protein whose importance to research and its elucidation of fundamental mechanisms in cell and neurobiology far outstrips its basic physiological roles. It was the first of a broad class of cell regulators, largely acting through autocrine and paracrine interactions which will be described herein. It was of similar significance in establishing the identity and unique roles of neurotrophic factors in the development and maintenance of the peripheral and central nervous systems...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582811/snack-bar-compositions-and-their-acute-glycaemic-and-satiety-effects
#18
Mary R Yan, Andrew Parsons, Gillian A Whalley, John Kelleher, Elaine C Rush
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Maintaining blood glucose within homeostatic limits and eating foods that sup-press hunger and promote satiety have beneficial impacts for health. This study investigated the glycaemic re-sponse and satiety effects of a serving size of a healthier snack bar, branded Nothing Else, that met the required nutrient profiling score criteria for a health claim, in comparison to two top-selling commercial snack bars. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In an experimental study, 24 participants aged >=50 years were recruited...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580610/acute-and-long-term-effects-of-endovascular-debanding-of-pulmonary-arteries-in-a-swine-model
#19
Michael Perez, Tk Susheel Kumar, Deepthi Hoskoppal, Yada Akkhawattanangkul, Kimberly Allen, Christopher J Knott-Craig, Benjamin Rush Waller, Shyam Sathanandam
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to demonstrate that pulmonary artery (PA) debanding via cardiac catheterization using balloon angioplasty is feasible and safe in swine. The secondary objectives were to determine the acute and long-term effects of this therapy. DESIGN: This is a chronic survival experimental study in newborn swine. BACKGROUND: PA bands are used in infants for transient palliation of congenital heart defects with excessive pulmonary blood flow...
May 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574303/technological-solutions-for-an-effective-health-surveillance-system-for-road-traffic-crashes-in-burkina-faso
#20
Emmanuel Bonnet, Aude Nikiéma, Zoumana Traoré, Salifou Sidbega, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: In the early 2000s, electronic surveillance systems began to be developed to collect and transmit data on infectious diseases in low-income countries (LICs) in real-time using mobile technologies. Such surveillance systems, however, are still very rare in Africa. Among the non-infectious epidemics to be surveilled are road traffic injuries, which constitute major health events and are the fifth leading cause of mortality in Africa. This situation also prevails in Burkina Faso, whose capital city, Ouagadougou, is much afflicted by this burden...
2017: Global Health Action
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