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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101444/accelerometer-data-treatment-for-adolescents-fitting-a-piece-of-the-puzzle
#1
Melody Smith, Steve Taylor, Leon Iusitini, Tom Stewart, Fa'asisila Savila, El-Shadan Tautolo, Lindsay Plank, Shabnam Jalili-Moghaddam, Janis Paterson, Elaine Rush
This study aimed to assess the differences in participant retention and associations between physical activity and key variables when a range of accelerometer data inclusion criteria are employed. Data were drawn from 204 adolescents of Pacific Island heritage (survey, body composition, 7-day accelerometry) and their parents (date of birth, socioeconomic status) between October 2014 and February 2016 in Auckland, New Zealand. Data wear time criteria for inclusion were as follows: A) > = 10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 5 days (at least one weekend day); B) > = 10 h/weekday or > = 8 h weekend day, > = 4 days; C) > = 7 h/day, > = 3 days; D) > = 10 h/day, > = 1 day...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098002/-at-our-lowest-points-emma-was-always-there-to-comfort-us
#2
(no author information available yet)
Our daughter Annabelle was rushed to Evelina Children's Hospital in London. She was seriously ill with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, a rare disease marked by a sudden, widespread attack of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087382/efficacy-and-safety-of-high-dose-rush-oral-immunotherapy-in-persistent-egg-allergic-children-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Inmaculada Pérez-Rangel, Pablo Rodríguez Del Río, Carmelo Escudero, Silvia Sánchez-García, José Javier Sánchez-Hernández, María Dolores Ibáñez
BACKGROUND: Egg oral immunotherapy is effective but time consuming. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of egg rush oral immunotherapy (ROIT) with a targeted dose equivalent to a raw egg white. METHODS: Thirty-three persistent egg allergic children confirmed by double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) were randomized to receive egg ROIT immediately after randomization (ROIT1 group), or to continue an egg avoidance diet for 5 months after randomization (control group [CG])...
January 10, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087196/improving-hospital-care-of-patients-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#4
Sarah H Ailey, Paula J Brown, Caitlin M Ridge
People with intellectual disabilities and developmental disabilities (IDD) face poorer care and outcomes when hospitalized than patients without IDD. A panel discussion Hospital care for individuals with IDD: The Issues and Challenges was held at the Annual Conference of the American Academy of Developmental Medicine and Dentistry, held in Chicago July 8-10, 2016. Among the panelists were representatives from Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, IL and Saint Barnabas Medical Center in Livingston, NJ who discussed efforts to improve hospital care of patients with IDD at their institutions...
January 4, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079972/prevalence-of-vomiting-in-dogs-with-pericardial-effusion
#5
Rachel Fahey, Elizabeth Rozanski, April Paul, John E Rush
BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion (PE) is common in dogs. Clinical signs may be vague until cardiac tamponade and associated cardiovascular decompensation develops. Vomiting has previously been identified in some dogs, but the actual prevalence of vomiting in dogs with PE is unknown. The purpose of this study is to report the prevalence of vomiting associated with PE, and to determine if vomiting is associated with the underlying cause of effusion, presenting plasma lactate concentration, or volume of PE removed...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077901/feasibility-and-value-of-radiographic-union-score-hip-fracture-after-treatment-with-intramedullary-nail-of-stable-hip-fractures
#6
Daniele Maiettini, Michele Bisaccia, Auro Caraffa, Giuseppe Rinonapoli, Luigi Piscitelli, Olga Bisaccia, Giuseppe Rollo, Luigi Meccariello, Paolo Ceccarini, Alberto Rebonato
INTRODUCTION: Given the importance of fracture healing on patient outcome in clinical practice, it is critical to assess fracture healing. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of the Radiographic Union Score Hip fracture after treatment with intramedullary nail of stable hip fractures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected the data from the clinical records of our institution of the 47 patientswho had undergone intertrochanteric hip fracture treatment using an intramedullary nail...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071825/systematic-review-of-severity-scales-and-screening-instruments-for-tics-critique-and-recommendations
#7
Davide Martino, Tamara M Pringsheim, Andrea E Cavanna, Carlo Colosimo, Andreas Hartmann, James F Leckman, Sheng Luo, Alexander Munchau, Christopher G Goetz, Glenn T Stebbins, Pablo Martinez-Martin
BACKGROUND: Several clinician, informant, and self-report instruments for tics and associated phenomena have been developed that differ in construct, comprehensiveness, and ease of administration. OBJECTIVE: A Movement Disorders Society subcommittee aimed to rate psychometric quality of severity and screening instruments for tics and related sensory phenomena. METHODS: Following the methodology adopted by previous Movement Disorders Society subcommittee papers, a review of severity and screening instruments for tics was completed, applying a classification as "recommended," "suggested," or "listed" to each instrument...
January 10, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065181/effects-of-a-healthier-snack-on-snacking-habits-and-glycated-hb-hba1c-a-6-week-intervention-study
#8
Mary R Yan, Andrew Parsons, Gillian A Whalley, Elaine C Rush
Dietary behaviour modification may change eating habits and reduce the impact of poor nutrition. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of daily consumption of a healthier snack bar on snacking habits and glycated Hb (HbA1c) within a 6-week intervention. In all, twenty-eight participants were randomly allocated to two groups to either consume the bars as the main snack for 6 weeks (n 14) or receipt of the bars was delayed for 6 weeks (n 14) following a stepped-wedge design. All participants had HbA1c concentrations measured at weeks -1, 0, 4, 6, 10 and 12...
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062506/wnt-signaling-pathway-inhibitor-sclerostin-inhibits-angiotensin-ii-induced-aortic-aneurysm-and-atherosclerosis
#9
Smriti Murali Krishna, Sai-Wang Seto, Roby J Jose, Jiaze Li, Susan K Morton, Erik Biros, Yutang Wang, Vianne Nsengiyumva, Jan H N Lindeman, Gabriela G Loots, Catherine M Rush, Jeffrey M Craig, Jonathan Golledge
OBJECTIVE: Sclerostin (SOST) has been identified as an important regulator of bone formation; however, it has not been previously implicated in arterial disease. The aim of this study was to assess the role of SOST in aortic aneurysm (AA) and atherosclerosis using human samples, a mouse model, and in vitro investigations. APPROACH AND RESULTS: SOST protein was downregulated in human and mouse AA samples compared with controls. Transgenic introduction of human SOST in apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice (SOST(Tg)...
December 22, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061952/anti-mycobacterial-function-of-macrophages-is-impaired-in-a-diet-induced-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#10
Md Abdul Alim, Suchandan Sikder, Tahnee L Bridson, Catherine M Rush, Brenda L Govan, Natkunam Ketheesan
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is one of the major risk factors for tuberculosis (TB). In this study, a diet induced murine model of T2D (DIMT2D) was developed and characterized in the context of metabolic, biochemical and histopathological features following diet intervention. Mycobacterial susceptibility was investigated using Mycobacterium fortuitum as a surrogate. Phagocytic capability of alveolar macrophages and resident peritoneal macrophages were determined by in vitro assays using mycolic acid coated beads and M...
January 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054610/environment-china-s-energy-rush-harming-ecosystem
#11
Jianmin Ma, Jianzhong Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046344/mo-ab-bra-07-low-dose-imaging-with-avalanche-amorphous-selenium-flat-panel-imager
#12
J Scheuermann, A Howansky, A Goldan, S Leveille, O Tousignant, K Tanioka, W Zhao
PURPOSE: We present the first active matrix flat panel imager (AMFPI) capable of producing x-ray quantum noise limited images at low doses by overcoming the electronic noise through signal amplification by photoconductive avalanche gain (gav). The indirect detector fabricated uses an optical sensing layer of amorphous selenium (a-Se) known as High-Gain Avalanche Rushing Photoconductor (HARP). The detector design is called Scintillator HARP (SHARP)-AMFPI. This is the first image sensor to utilize solid-state HARP technology...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043617/bedaquiline-in-the-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-treatment-belarus-experience
#13
Alena Skrahina, Hennadz Hurevich, Dennis Falzon, Liudmila Zhilevich, Valiantsin Rusovich, Masoud Dara, Svetlana Setkina
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Outcomes of treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) remain poor worldwide. Among patients with MDR-TB in Belarus who started treatment in 2012, only 54% completed it successfully, with treatment failure reported in 22% of the patients; additionally, 11% died and 13% were lost to follow-up or remained unevaluated. In Belarus, to improve outcomes, bedaquiline was introduced in MDR-TB treatment in June 2015. The national TB program developed measures to monitor safety and effectiveness of bedaquiline-containing regimens in line with the World Health Organization recommendations...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043298/-investigation-on-events-of-bus-on-fire-in-6-years-in-the-mainland-of-china
#14
X G Wang, Y Liu, Y Cen, P Wu, H L Zhou, C M Han
Objective: To retrospectively analyze the characteristics of events of bus on fire in 6 years in the mainland of China. Methods: Events of bus on fire happened between January 2009 and December 2014 were retrieved through Baidu search engine, Chinese Journals Full-text Database, and PubMed database in the search strategy with " bus" and " fire" or " arson" as keywords combined with the name of provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities of the mainland of China. The occurrence time, region, cause of fire, casualties of each event were recorded, and the correlative analysis was conducted...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035936/association-of-cancer-history-with-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-and-neuropathology
#15
Mark Yarchoan, Bryan D James, Raj C Shah, Zoe Arvanitakis, Robert S Wilson, Julie Schneider, David A Bennett, Steven E Arnold
BACKGROUND: Cancer and Alzheimer's disease (AD) are common diseases of aging and share many risk factors. Surprisingly, however, epidemiologic data from several recent independent cohort studies suggest that there may be an inverse association between these diseases. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between history of cancer and odds of dementia proximate to death and neuropathological indices of AD. METHODS: Using data from two separate clinical-pathologic cohort studies of aging and AD, the Religious Orders Study (ROS) and the Rush Memory and Aging Project (MAP), we compared odds of AD dementia proximate to death among participants with and without a history of cancer...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030546/early-improvement-in-psychosocial-function-predicts-longer-term-symptomatic-remission-in-depressed-patients
#16
Manish K Jha, Abu Minhajuddin, Tracy L Greer, Thomas Carmody, Augustus John Rush, Madhukar H Trivedi
The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between early change in psychosocial function independent of depression severity and longer-term symptomatic remission. Participants of Combining Medications to Enhance Depression Outcomes trial were randomly selected for model selection (n = 334) and validation (n = 331). Changes in psychosocial function (Work and Social Adjustment Scale, WSAS) from baseline to week 6 were assessed and two data-driven sub-groups of WSAS change were identified in the randomly selected model selection half...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027841/kawasaki-disease-with-coronary-artery-aneurysms-psychosocial-impact-on-parents-and-children
#17
Nita Chahal, Ahlexxi Jelen, Janet Rush, Cedric Manlhiot, Katherine M Boydell, Renee Sananes, Brian W McCrindle
INTRODUCTION: For those living with Kawasaki disease and coronary artery aneurysms, little is known about the psychosocial burden faced by parents and their children. METHODS: Exploratory, descriptive, mixed-methods design examining survey and interview data about health-related uncertainty, intrusiveness, and self-efficacy. RESULTS: Parents' uncertainty was associated with missed diagnosis, higher income, and maternal education. Higher uncertainty scores among children were associated with absence of chest pain and lower number of echocardiograms...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026921/n-a-and-n-d-oligomer-and-partner-specification-by-asparagine-in-coiled-coil-interfaces
#18
Jordan M Fletcher, Gail J Bartlett, Aimee L Boyle, Jonathan J Danon, Laura E Rush, Andrei N Lupas, Derek N Woolfson
The α-helical coiled coil is one of the best-studied protein-protein interaction motifs. As a result, sequence-to-structure relationships are available for the prediction of natural coiled-coil sequences and the de novo design of new ones. However, coiled coils adopt a wide range of oligomeric states and topologies, and our understanding of the specification of these and the discrimination between them remains incomplete. Gaps in our knowledge assume more importance as coiled coils are used increasingly to construct biomimetic systems of higher complexity; for this, coiled-coil components need to be robust, orthogonal and transferable between contexts...
December 27, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009439/sudan-black-a-fast-easy-and-non-toxic-method-to-assess-myelin-repair-in-demyelinating-diseases
#19
Benjamin V Ineichen, Oliver Weinmann, Nicolas Good, Patricia Plattner, Carla Wicki, Elisabeth J Rushing, Michael Linnebank, Martin E Schwab
AIMS: The search for novel drugs that enhance myelin repair in entities such as multiple sclerosis has top priority in neurological research, not least because remyelination can hinder further neurodegeneration in neuro-inflammatory conditions. Recently, several new compounds with the potential to boost remyelination have been identified using high-throughput in vitro screening methods. However, assessing their potential to enhance remyelination in vivo using plastic embedded semi-thin sections or electron microscopy, even though being the gold standard for assessing remyelination, is toxic, extremely time-consuming, and expensive...
December 23, 2016: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007641/the-association-between-anemia-and-neurological-outcome-in-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-after-cardiac-arrest
#20
Andrew Wormsbecker, Mypinder S Sekhon, Donald E Griesdale, Katie Wiskar, Barret Rush
AIM: To examine the relationship between daily mean hemoglobin concentration and neurological outcome in hypoxic ischemic brain injury (HIBI) following cardiac arrest. METHODS: We conducted a single center retrospective observational study using a database of HIBI patients between March 2009 and December 2014. We included all adults admitted to the intensive care unit following an in-hospital or out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The primary outcome was neurological outcome measured by the Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) at hospital discharge...
December 19, 2016: Resuscitation
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