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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822924/local-and-landscape-scale-land-cover-affects-microclimate-and-water-use-in-urban-gardens
#1
Brenda B Lin, Monika H Egerer, Heidi Liere, Shalene Jha, Peter Bichier, Stacy M Philpott
Urban gardens in Central California are highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, experiencing both extended high heat periods as well as water restrictions because of severe drought conditions. This puts these critical community-based food production systems at risk as California is expected to experience increasing weather extremes. In agricultural systems, increased vegetation complexity, such as greater structure or biodiversity, can increase the resilience of food production systems from climate fluctuations...
August 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822884/with-directed-study-before-a-4-day-operating-room-management-course-trust-in-the-content-did-not-change-progressively-during-the-classroom-time
#2
Franklin Dexter, Richard H Epstein, Brenda G Fahy, Lyn M Van Swol
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A 4-day course in operating room (OR) management is sufficient to provide anesthesiologists with the knowledge and problem solving skills needed to participate in projects of the systems-based-practice competency. Anesthesiologists may need to learn fewer topics when the objective is, instead, limited to comprehension of decision-making on the day of surgery, We tested the hypothesis that trust in course content would not increase further after completion of topics related to OR decision-making on the day of surgery...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821925/cystic-degeneration-of-the-tibial-nerve-magnetic-resonance-neurography-and-sonography-appearances-of-an-intraneural-ganglion-cyst
#3
Cláudio Régis Sampaio Silveira, Clarissa Gadelha Maia Vieira, Brenda Machado Pereira, Luiz Holanda Pinto Neto, Avneesh Chhabra
Extra- and intraneural ganglion cysts have been described in the literature. The tibial nerve ganglion is uncommon and its occurrence without intra-articular extension atypical. The pathogenesis of cystic degeneration localized to connective and perineural tissue secondary to chronic mechanical irritation or idiopathic mucoid degeneration is hypothesized. Since the above pathology is extremely rare and the magnetic resonance imaging examination detects the defining characteristics of the intrinsic alterations of the tibial nerve, the authors illustrate such a case of tibial intaneural ganglion cyst with its magnetic resonance neurography and sonography appearances...
August 18, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821205/cerebrospinal-fluid-circulating-tumor-cells-a-novel-tool-to-diagnose-leptomeningeal-metastases-from-epithelial-tumors
#4
Xuling Lin, Martin Fleisher, Marc Rosenblum, Oscar Lin, Adrienne Boire, Samuel Briggs, Yevgeniya Bensman, Brenda Hurtado, Larisa Shagabayeva, Lisa M DeAngelis, Katherine S Panageas, Antonio Omuro, Elena I Pentsova
Background: Diagnosis of leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) remains challenging due to low sensitivity of CSF cytology and infrequent unequivocal MRI findings. In a previous pilot study, we showed that rare cell capture technology (RCCT) could be used to detect circulating tumor cells (CTC) in the CSF of patients with LM from epithelial tumors. To establish the diagnostic accuracy of CSF-CTC in the diagnosis of LM, we applied this technique in a distinct, larger cohort of patients. Methods: In this institutional review board-approved prospective study, patients with epithelial tumors and clinical suspicion of LM underwent CSF-CTC evaluation and standard MRI and CSF cytology examination...
September 1, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820687/identification-of-subsets-of-enteroaggregative-escherichia-coli-associated-with-diarrheal-disease-among-under-5-year-old-children-from-rural-gambia
#5
Usman N Ikumapayi, Nadia Boisen, Mohammad J Hossain, Modupeh Betts, Modou Lamin, Debasish Saha, Brenda Kwambana-Adams, Michel Dione, Richard A Adegbola, Anna Roca, James P Nataro, Martin Antonio
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) cause acute and persistent diarrhea, mostly in children worldwide. Outbreaks of diarrhea caused by EAEC have been described, including a large outbreak caused by a Shiga toxin expressing strain. This study investigated the association of EAEC virulence factors with diarrhea in children less than 5 years. We characterized 428 EAEC strains isolated from stool samples obtained from moderate-to-severe diarrhea cases (157) and healthy controls (217) children aged 0-59 months recruited over 3 years as part of the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) in The Gambia...
August 7, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818389/common-and-variable-clinical-histological-and-imaging-findings-of-recessive-ryr1-related-centronuclear-myopathy-patients
#6
Osorio Abath Neto, Cristiane de Araújo Martins Moreno, Edoardo Malfatti, Sandra Donkervoort, Johann Böhm, Júlio Brandão Guimarães, A Reghan Foley, Payam Mohassel, Jahannaz Dastgir, Diana Xerxes Bharucha-Goebel, Soledad Monges, Fabiana Lubieniecki, James Collins, Līvija Medne, Mariarita Santi, Sabrina Yum, Brenda Banwell, Emmanuelle Salort-Campana, John Rendu, Julien Fauré, Uluc Yis, Bruno Eymard, Chrystel Cheraud, Raphaël Schneider, Julie Thompson, Xaviere Lornage, Lilia Mesrob, Doris Lechner, Anne Boland, Jean-François Deleuze, Umbertina Conti Reed, Acary Souza Bulle Oliveira, Valérie Biancalana, Norma B Romero, Carsten G Bönnemann, Jocelyn Laporte, Edmar Zanoteli
Mutations in RYR1 give rise to diverse skeletal muscle phenotypes, ranging from classical central core disease to susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia. Next-generation sequencing has recently shown that RYR1 is implicated in a wide variety of additional myopathies, including centronuclear myopathy. In this work, we established an international cohort of 21 patients from 18 families with autosomal recessive RYR1-related centronuclear myopathy, to better define the clinical, imaging, and histological spectrum of this disorder...
May 30, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818075/perspectives-of-basic-wheelchair-users-on-improving-their-access-to-wheelchair-services-in-kenya-and-philippines-a-qualitative-study
#7
Emma Williams, Elizabeth Hurwitz, Immaculate Obaga, Brenda Onguti, Adovich Rivera, Tyrone Reden L Sy, R Lee Kirby, Jamie Noon, Deepti Tanuku, Anthony Gichangi, Eva Bazant
BACKGROUND: The United Nations has called for countries to improve access to mobility devices when needed. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on the provision of manual wheelchairs in less-resourced settings. Yet little is known about the extent to which appropriate wheelchairs are available and provided according to international guidelines. This study's purpose was to describe wheelchair users' experiences receiving services and acquiring wheelchair skills in urban and peri-urban areas of Kenya and the Philippines...
August 17, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817835/history-of-thyroid-disease-and-survival-of-ovarian-cancer-patients-results-from-the-ovarian-cancer-association-consortium-a-brief-report
#8
Albina N Minlikeeva, Jo L Freudenheim, Rikki A Cannioto, Kevin H Eng, J Brian Szender, Paul Mayor, John L Etter, Daniel W Cramer, Brenda Diergaarde, Jennifer A Doherty, Thilo Dörk, Robert Edwards, Anna deFazio, Grace Friel, Marc T Goodman, Peter Hillemanns, Estrid Høgdall, Allan Jensen, Susan J Jordan, Beth Y Karlan, Susanne K Kjær, Rüdiger Klapdor, Keitaro Matsuo, Mika Mizuno, Christina M Nagle, Kunle Odunsi, Lisa Paddock, Mary Anne Rossing, Joellen M Schildkraut, Barbara Schmalfeldt, Brahm H Segal, Kristen Starbuck, Kathryn L Terry, Penelope M Webb, Emese Zsiros, Roberta B Ness, Francesmary Modugno, Elisa V Bandera, Jenny Chang-Claude, Kirsten B Moysich
BACKGROUND: Findings from in vitro studies suggest that increased exposure to thyroid hormones can influence progression of ovarian tumours. However, epidemiologic evidence on this topic is limited. METHODS: We pooled data from 11 studies from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium. Using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models, we estimated associations between hyper- and hypothyroidism and medications prescribed for these conditions with 5-year all-cause survival among women diagnosed with invasive ovarian cancer...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817789/teach-our-children-stroke-education-for-indigenous-children-first-nations-ontario-canada-2009-2012
#9
Mary Ellen Hill, Pauline Bodnar, Robert Fenton, Brenda Mason, Grace Bandoh
BACKGROUND: Because of the heightened risk for stroke among indigenous people, we conducted this multiyear community case study from 2009 through 2012 to address stroke education needs among children aged 11 to 13 years residing in northern urban, rural, and remote First Nations in Ontario, Canada. The goal was to determine what young people understand about stroke and to develop an age-appropriate and culturally appropriate educational product. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: This project responded to First Nations requests that we educate their young people about the signs and symptoms of stroke and the need for early response...
August 17, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811633/rapid-replacement-by-non-vaccine-pneumococcal-serotypes-may-mitigate-the-impact-of-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-on-nasopharyngeal-bacterial-ecology
#10
Brenda Kwambana-Adams, Blake Hanson, Archibald Worwui, Schadrac Agbla, Ebenezer Foster-Nyarko, Fatima Ceesay, Chinelo Ebruke, Uzochukwu Egere, Yanjiao Zhou, Maze Ndukum, Erica Sodergren, Michael Barer, Richard Adegbola, George Weinstock, Martin Antonio
There is growing concern that interventions that alter microbial ecology can adversely affect health. We characterised the impact of the seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) on pneumococcal carriage and the bacterial component of the nasopharyngeal microbiome during infancy. Newborns were recruited into three groups as follows: Group1 (n = 33) was the control group and comprised infants who received PCV7 after 6 months and came from unvaccinated communities. Group 2 (n = 30) came from unvaccinated communities and Group 3 (n = 39) came from vaccinated communities...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811281/multimorbidity-dementia-and-health-care-in-older-people-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Marcello Tonelli, Natasha Wiebe, Sharon Straus, Martin Fortin, Bruce Guthrie, Matthew T James, Scott W Klarenbach, Helen Tam-Tham, Richard Lewanczuk, Braden J Manns, Hude Quan, Paul E Ronksley, Peter Sargious, Brenda Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how multimorbidity, dementia and increasing age combine to influence health outcomes or utilization. Our objective was to examine the joint associations between age, dementia and burden of morbidity with mortality and other clinical outcomes. METHODS: We did a retrospective population-based cohort study of all adults aged 65 years and older residing in Alberta, Canada, between 2002 and 2013. We used validated algorithms applied to administrative and laboratory data from the provincial health ministry to assess the presence/absence of dementia and 29 other morbidities, and their associations with mortality (our primary outcome), other clinical outcomes (emergency department visits, all-cause hospital admissions) and a proxy for loss of independent living (discharge to long-term care)...
August 14, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811192/relative-reinforcing-effects-of-second-generation-synthetic-cathinones-acquisition-of-self-administration-and-fixed-ratio-dose-response-curves-in-rats
#12
REVIEW
Brenda M Gannon, Kayla I Galindo, Melson P Mesmin, Agnieszka Sulima, Kenner C Rice, Gregory T Collins
"Bath salts" preparations contain synthetic cathinones which interact with monoamine transporters and function as either monoamine uptake inhibitors or releasers. 3,4-Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), 3,4-methylenedioxymethcathinone (methylone), and 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone) were three of the most common cathinones (i.e., "first-generation" cathinones); however, after the US Drug Enforcement Administration placed them under Schedule I regulations, they were replaced with structurally related cathinones that were not subject to regulations (i...
August 12, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810957/treatment-seeking-beliefs-and-behaviors-in-air-force-nursing-personnel
#13
Stephen H A Hernandez, Brenda J Morgan, Mark B Parshall
INTRODUCTION: Perceptions of stigma and barriers associated with seeking mental health services have been described in past research with military service members who reported or screened positively for mental health concerns or who reported an intention to seek care. The reported influence of stronger perceptions of stigma on treatment seeking has varied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous, online survey was administered to Air Force nursing personnel (N = 250) at three locations to describe beliefs associated with seeking mental health treatment and to investigate the extent to which stigma and barriers, stress, and resilience were related to mental health treatment seeking...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810468/investigating-the-function-spiral-in-later-life-aging-attitudes-physical-activity-and-gait
#14
Brenda R Whitehead
This study tests the Function Spiral Model, which proposes that functional decline often occurs prematurely: negative aging attitudes reduce activity engagement, which then advances functional decline via physical deconditioning. A total of 89 adults aged 61-96 ( M = 77) years completed a questionnaire assessing aging attitudes and physical activity and participated in a follow-up assessment of gait/balance and function. Results supported the process model: physical activity mediated the impact of negative aging attitudes on gait/balance, and gait/balance mediated the impact of physical activity on function...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809125/post-chemotherapy-perforation-in-cats-with-discrete-intermediate-or-large-cell-gastrointestinal-lymphoma
#15
Zachary Crouse, Brenda Phillips, Andi Flory, Jennifer Mahoney, Keith Richter, Linda Kidd
Objectives Gastrointestinal (GI) perforation is a well-described complication of GI lymphoma in people, commonly occurring within days of initiation of chemotherapy. There are no studies documenting the prevalence of GI perforation in cats with intermediate- or large-cell GI lymphoma or whether it is associated with induction of chemotherapy. The objectives of this study were to document the prevalence and timing of post-chemotherapy perforation in cats with discrete GI masses caused by intermediate- or large-cell lymphoma...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808298/standards-for-arsenic-in-drinking-water-implications-for-policy-in-mexico
#16
Andrew T Fisher, Lizbeth López-Carrillo, Brenda Gamboa-Loira, Mariano E Cebrián
Global concern about arsenic in drinking water and its link to numerous diseases make translation of evidence-based research into national policy a priority. Delays in establishing a maximum contaminant level (MCL) to preserve health have increased the burden of disease and caused substantial and avoidable loss of life. The current Mexican MCL for arsenic in drinking water is 25 μg/l (2.5 times higher than the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation from 1993). Mexico's struggles to set its arsenic MCL offer a compelling example of shortcomings in environmental health policy...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806143/whose-preferences-matter-a-patient-centered-approach-for-eliciting-treatment-goals
#17
Nananda F Col, Andrew J Solomon, Vicky Springmann, Calvin P Garbin, Carolina Ionete, Lori Pbert, Enrique Alvarez, Brenda Tierman, Ashli Hopson, Christen Kutz, Idanis Berrios Morales, Carolyn Griffin, Glenn Phillips, Long H Ngo
BACKGROUND: Patients facing a high-stakes clinical decision are often confronted with an overwhelming array of options. High-quality decisions about treatment should reflect patients' preferences as well as their clinical characteristics. Preference-assessment instruments typically focus on pre-selected clinical outcomes and attributes chosen by the investigator. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a patient-centered approach to elicit and compare the treatment goals of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthcare providers (HCPs)...
August 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806119/how-augmented-reality-is-poised-to-outpace-virtual-reality
#18
Brenda K Wiederhold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805793/conformational-landscape-of-a-virus-by-single-particle-x-ray-scattering
#19
Ahmad Hosseinizadeh, Ghoncheh Mashayekhi, Jeremy Copperman, Peter Schwander, Ali Dashti, Reyhaneh Sepehr, Russell Fung, Marius Schmidt, Chun Hong Yoon, Brenda G Hogue, Garth J Williams, Andrew Aquila, Abbas Ourmazd
Using a manifold-based analysis of experimental diffraction snapshots from an X-ray free electron laser, we determine the three-dimensional structure and conformational landscape of the PR772 virus to a detector-limited resolution of 9 nm. Our results indicate that a single conformational coordinate controls reorganization of the genome, growth of a tubular structure from a portal vertex and release of the genome. These results demonstrate that single-particle X-ray scattering has the potential to shed light on key biological processes...
August 14, 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805188/managing-faecal-incontinence-in-people-with-advanced-dementia-resident-in-care-homes-finch-study-a-realist-synthesis-of-the-evidence
#20
Claire Goodman, Christine Norton, Marina Buswell, Bridget Russell, Danielle Harari, Rowan Harwood, Brenda Roe, Jo Rycroft-Malone, Vari M Drennan, Mandy Fader, Michelle Maden, Karen Cummings, Frances Bunn
BACKGROUND: Eighty per cent of care home residents in the UK are living with dementia. The prevalence of faecal incontinence (FI) in care homes is estimated to range from 30% to 50%. There is limited evidence of what is effective in the reduction and management of FI in care homes. OBJECTIVE: To provide a theory-driven explanation of the effectiveness of programmes that aim to improve FI in people with advanced dementia in care homes. DESIGN: A realist synthesis...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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