keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Latin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742870/factors-contributing-to-food-insecurity-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic-a-qualitative-study
#1
Kathryn P Derose, Denise D Payán, María Altagracia Fulcar, Sergio Terrero, Ramón Acevedo, Hugo Farías, Kartika Palar
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity contributes to poor health outcomes among people living with HIV. In Latin America and the Caribbean, structural factors such as poverty, stigma, and inequality disproportionately affect women and may fuel both the HIV epidemic and food insecurity. METHODS: We examined factors contributing to food insecurity among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in the Dominican Republic (DR). Data collection included in-depth, semi-structured interviews in 2013 with 30 WLHIV with indications of food insecurity who resided in urban or peri-urban areas and were recruited from local HIV clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742625/online-sales-of-unscheduled-pharmaceutical-agents-a-case-report-of-tianeptine-use-in-the-united-states
#2
Swapnil Gupta, Ryan Wallace, Jordan Sloshower
: Tianeptine is a tricyclic antidepressant that stimulates mu-opioid receptors at high doses. It is marketed and used across Europe and Latin America as an antidepressant, but is not approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in the United States. In the United States, tianeptine is sold through online health stores as a cognition enhancer, dietary supplement, or as research chemical. We report the case of a 36-year-old man with a history of major depressive disorder, responsive to sertraline, who turned to the unmonitored use of tianeptine purchased online to treat residual feelings of apathy and boredom...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741908/research-capacity-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-latin-america-an-area-for-growth
#3
Diana C Parra, Susan Vorkoper, Harold W Kohl, Benjamin Caballero, Carolina Batis, Alejandra Jauregui, Jessica Mason, Michael Pratt
BACKGROUND: The rise of childhood obesity in Latin America calls for research capacity to understand, monitor and implement strategies, policies and programmes to address it. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess current research capacity in Latin America related to childhood obesity, nutrition and physical activity. METHODS: We conducted a search of peer-reviewed articles on childhood obesity in Latin America with at least one Latin American author from 2010 to May 2015...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741907/nutrition-status-of-children-in-latin-america
#4
C Corvalán, M L Garmendia, J Jones-Smith, C K Lutter, J J Miranda, L S Pedraza, B M Popkin, M Ramirez-Zea, D Salvo, A D Stein
The prevalence of overweight and obesity is rapidly increasing among Latin American children, posing challenges for current healthcare systems and increasing the risk for a wide range of diseases. To understand the factors contributing to childhood obesity in Latin America, this paper reviews the current nutrition status and physical activity situation, the disparities between and within countries and the potential challenges for ensuring adequate nutrition and physical activity. Across the region, children face a dual burden of undernutrition and excess weight...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741906/a-research-agenda-to-guide-progress-on-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-latin-america
#5
L Kline, J Jones-Smith, J Jaime Miranda, M Pratt, R S Reis, J A Rivera, J F Sallis, B M Popkin
Childhood obesity rates in Latin America are among the highest in the world. This paper examines and evaluates the many efforts underway in the region to reduce and prevent further increases in obesity, identifies and discusses unique research challenges and opportunities in Latin America, and proposes a research agenda in Latin America for the prevention of childhood obesity and concomitant non-communicable diseases. Identified research gaps include biological challenges to healthy growth across the life cycle, diet and physical activity dynamics, community interventions promoting healthy child growth, and rigorous evaluation of national food and activity programs and regulatory actions...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741905/preventing-childhood-obesity-in-latin-america-an-agenda-for-regional-research-and-strategic-partnerships
#6
B Caballero, S Vorkoper, N Anand, J A Rivera
The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity in Latin America poses a major public health challenge to the region. In response, many countries are implementing obesity prevention programmes aimed at modifying known risk factors. However, the limited scientific evidence inhibits the development and implementation of novel, effective interventions across the region. To address these gaps, the NIH Fogarty International Center convened a workshop of researchers, policymakers, programme implementers and public health advocates who are actively engaged in the region to prevent childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741904/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-and-food-policies-in-latin-america-from-research-to-practice
#7
R Pérez-Escamilla, C K Lutter, C Rabadan-Diehl, A Rubinstein, A Calvillo, C Corvalán, C Batis, E Jacoby, S Vorkoper, L Kline, E Ewart-Pierce, J A Rivera
BACKGROUND: Addressing childhood obesity in Latin America requires a package of multisectoral, evidence-based policies that enable environments conducive to healthy lifestyles. OBJECTIVE: Identify and examine key elements to translating research into effective obesity policies in Latin America. METHODS: We examined obesity prevention policies through case studies developed with an expert in the specific policy. Policies were selected based on their level of implementation, visibility and potential impact to reduce childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741837/immunological-and-virological-response-to-antiretroviral-treatment-in-migrant-and-native-men-and-women-in-western-europe-is-benefit-equal-for-all
#8
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate differences in immunovirological response to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in migrant and native men and women within a European collaboration of HIV cohorts Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research in Europ (COHERE) in EuroCoord, 2004-2013. METHODS: Migrants were defined as those with geographical origin (GO) different from the reporting country and were grouped as originating from Western Europe and Western Countries (WEWC), Eastern Europe (EE), North Africa and the Middle East (NAME), sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), Latin America (LA), Caribbean (CRB) and Asia/Oceania (ASIA/OCE)...
July 25, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741451/perceived-neighborhood-environmental-characteristics-and-different-types-of-physical-activity-among-brazilian-adolescents
#9
Gerfeson Mendonça, Alex Antonio Florindo, Cassiano Ricardo Rech, Delma Katiana Silva de Freitas, José Cazuza de Farias Júnior
Little is known about the association between environmental characteristics and types of physical activity in adolescents in a Latin American context. The aim of this study was to examine the association between perceived neighborhood environmental characteristics and different types of physical activity in 2,874 adolescents from Joao Pessoa, Paraiba State, Northeastern Brazil. The types of activity measured by questionnaire (≥10 min/day) included sports, physical exercises, active commuting and recreational activities...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741330/world-hepatitis-day-fighting-hepatitis-c-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-an-urgent-call
#10
REVIEW
Luis Enrique Soto-Ramirez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737189/-pertussis-vaccination-in-pregnancy-security-and-effectiveness-in-the-protection-of-the-infant
#11
Rodolfo Villena, Pamela Vidal, Felipe Carrillo, Mónica Salinas
Whooping cough is an immune preventable disease that can be life threatening. Despite infant immunization starting at 2 month of age, there are many cases and outbreaks in our country and also around the world, with a high risk of mortality specially in infants under 6 month of age. It has been proposed that antenatal vaccination with acellular pertussis component (Tdap) would be useful, safe and effective since it transfers a high antibody rate to the child, reducing the incidence of pertussis in this group by 85%...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736513/low-cigarette-smoking-prevalence-in-peri-urban-peru-results-from-a-population-based-study-of-tobacco-use-by-self-report-and-urine-cotinine
#12
Brooks W Morgan, Kathryn M Leifheit, Karina M Romero, Robert H Gilman, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, J Jaime Miranda, Harold I Feldman, John J Lima, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: A recent study found lower self-reported prevalence of tobacco smoking in a peri-urban area of Lima, Peru than previously reported in urban samples. These regions encompass substantial proportions of Peru's population - ones at greater risk of disease due to reduced healthcare access - but have been less often studied. We validate low smoking prevalence with urine cotinine and characterize chronic disease and lung function outcomes between non-, occasional, and daily smokers...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734013/cervical-cancer-in-africa-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-and-asia-regional-inequalities-and-changing-trends
#13
S Vaccarella, M Laversanne, J Ferlay, F Bray
The vast majority (86% or 453,000 cases) of the global burden of cervical cancer occurs in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia, where one in nine new cancer cases are of the cervix. Although the disease has become rare in high-resource settings (e.g. in North America, parts of Europe, Japan) that have historically invested in effective screening programmes, the patterns and trends are variable elsewhere. While favourable incidence trends have been recorded in many populations in Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean in the past decades, rising rates have been observed in sub-Saharan African countries, where high quality incidence series are available...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732048/wolbachia-and-dengue-virus-infection-in-the-mosquito-aedes-fluviatilis-diptera-culicidae
#14
Jéssica Barreto Lopes Silva, Debora Magalhães Alves, Vanessa Bottino-Rojas, Thiago Nunes Pereira, Marcos Henrique Ferreira Sorgine, Eric Pearce Caragata, Luciano Andrade Moreira
Dengue represents a serious threat to human health, with billions of people living at risk of the disease. Wolbachia pipientis is a bacterial endosymbiont common to many insect species. Wolbachia transinfections in mosquito disease vectors have great value for disease control given the bacterium's ability to spread into wild mosquito populations, and to interfere with infections of pathogens, such as dengue virus. Aedes fluviatilis is a mosquito with a widespread distribution in Latin America, but its status as a dengue vector has not been clarified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732022/global-economic-trade-offs-between-wild-nature-and-tropical-agriculture
#15
Luis R Carrasco, Edward L Webb, William S Symes, Lian P Koh, Navjot S Sodhi
Global demands for agricultural and forestry products provide economic incentives for deforestation across the tropics. Much of this deforestation occurs with a lack of information on the spatial distribution of benefits and costs of deforestation. To inform global sustainable land-use policies, we combine geographic information systems (GIS) with a meta-analysis of ecosystem services (ES) studies to perform a spatially explicit analysis of the trade-offs between agricultural benefits, carbon emissions, and losses of multiple ecosystem services because of tropical deforestation from 2000 to 2012...
July 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732004/-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-medical-students-from-latin-america-an-overlooked-problem
#16
Paola Novoa-Sandoval, Katherine Pérez-Acuña, Miguel Achata-Espinoza, Carlos J Toro-Huamanchumo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731899/current-perspectives-on-invasive-nontyphoidal-salmonella-disease
#17
Andrea H Haselbeck, Ursula Panzner, Justin Im, Stephen Baker, Christian G Meyer, Florian Marks
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We searched PubMed for scientific literature published in the past 2 years for relevant information regarding the burden of invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella disease and host factors associated with nontyphoidal Salmonella infection and discuss current knowledge on vaccine development. The following search terms were used: Salmonella, non typhoidal/nontyphoidal, NTS, disease, bloodstream infection, invasive, sepsis/septicaemia/septicemia, bacteraemia/bacteremia, gastroenteritis, incidence, prevalence, morbidity, mortality, case fatality, host/risk factor, vaccination, and prevention/control...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730504/changing-trends-in-stomach-cancer-throughout-the-world
#18
REVIEW
Maya Balakrishnan, Rollin George, Ashish Sharma, David Y Graham
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The paper aims to discuss the global trends in gastric cancer incidence in relation to important factors involved in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite a significant worldwide decline, gastric cancer remains a common cause of cancer death. The decline has been multifactorial and preceded the fall in Helicobacter pylori prevalence. The initial decline was associated with changes in food preservation and availability, especially of fresh fruits and vegetables, followed by a decline in the primary etiologic factor, H...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730089/an-international-survey-of-classification-and-treatment-choices-for-group-d-retinoblastoma
#19
Christina Scelfo, Jasmine H Francis, Vikas Khetan, Thomas Jenkins, Brian Marr, David H Abramson, Carol L Shields, Jacob Pe'er, Francis Munier, Jesse Berry, J William Harbour, Andrey Yarovoy, Evandro Lucena, Timothy G Murray, Pooja Bhagia, Evelyn Paysse, Samuray Tuncer, Guillermo L Chantada, Annette C Moll, Tatiana Ushakova, David A Plager, Islamov Ziyovuddin, Carlos A Leal, Miguel A Materin, Xun-Da Ji, Jose W Cursino, Rodrigo Polania, Hayyam Kiratli, Charlotta All-Ericsson, Rejin Kebudi, Santosh G Honavar, Vicktoria Vishnevskia-Dai, Sidnel Epelman, Anthony B Daniels, Jeanie D Ling, Fousseyni Traore, Marco A Ramirez-Ortiz
AIM: To determine which IIRC scheme was used by retinoblastoma centers worldwide and the percentage of D eyes treated primarily with enucleation versus globe salvaging therapies as well as to correlate trends in treatment choice to IIRC version used and geographic region. METHODS: An anonymized electronic survey was offered to 115 physicians at 39 retinoblastoma centers worldwide asking about IIRC classification schemes and treatment patterns used between 2008 and 2012...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728956/ataluren-in-patients-with-nonsense-mutation-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-act-dmd-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-3-trial
#20
Craig M McDonald, Craig Campbell, Ricardo Erazo Torricelli, Richard S Finkel, Kevin M Flanigan, Nathalie Goemans, Peter Heydemann, Anna Kaminska, Janbernd Kirschner, Francesco Muntoni, Andrés Nascimento Osorio, Ulrike Schara, Thomas Sejersen, Perry B Shieh, H Lee Sweeney, Haluk Topaloglu, Már Tulinius, Juan J Vilchez, Thomas Voit, Brenda Wong, Gary Elfring, Hans Kroger, Xiaohui Luo, Joseph McIntosh, Tuyen Ong, Peter Riebling, Marcio Souza, Robert J Spiegel, Stuart W Peltz, Eugenio Mercuri
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe, progressive, and rare neuromuscular, X-linked recessive disease. Dystrophin deficiency is the underlying cause of disease; therefore, mutation-specific therapies aimed at restoring dystrophin protein production are being explored. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of ataluren in ambulatory boys with nonsense mutation DMD. METHODS: We did this multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial at 54 sites in 18 countries located in North America, Europe, the Asia-Pacific region, and Latin America...
July 17, 2017: Lancet
keyword
keyword
38318
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"