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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644825/neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-in-peru-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Roberto A Molina, Andrely Huerta-Rosario, Carlos Alexander Alva Díaz, Koni Katerin Mejía Rojas, Nicanor Mori, Roberto Romero Sánchez
Behçet's disease is a vasculitis that can cause inflammatory lesions in multiple organs or systems including the nervous system. Most cases worldwide have been reported along what is called the "Silk Route" from the Mediterranean region to Japan, so it is considered a rare disease in Latin American countries. The frequency of neurological involvement ranges from 5 to 13%. We present the case of a young adult woman with diagnostic criteria for Behçet's disease and manifestations of neurological disease, as well as a review of the literature...
June 20, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643672/switch-from-agalsidase-beta-to-agalsidase-alfa-in-the-enzyme-replacement-therapy-of-patients-with-fabry-disease-in-latin-america
#2
Diego Ripeau, Hernán Amartino, Martín Cedrolla, Luis Urtiaga, Bella Urdaneta, Marilis Cano, Rita Valdez, Norberto Antongiovanni, Francisca Masllorens
There are currently two available enzyme replacement therapies for Fabry disease and little information regarding efficacy and safety of switching therapies. Between 2009 and 2012 there was a worldwide shortage of agalsidase beta and patients on that enzyme were switched to agalsidase alfa. This retrospective observational study assessed a 2-year period of efficacy and safety in a population of Fabry patients, in Argentina (30 patients) and Venezuela (3 patients), who switched therapies from algasidase beta to agalsidase alfa...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642558/no-differences-in-longevity-of-direct-and-indirect-composite-restorations
#3
Marie A Congiusta
Data sourcesMedline, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS), Brazilian Library of Dentistry (BBO), clinicaltrials.gov and SIGLE databases.Study selectionOnly randomised clinical trials were considered that compared direct vs indirect composite restorations, with or without cusp involvement, having a follow-up period of two years or greater.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers selected studies for inclusion, abstracted data and assessed risk of bias...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642040/global-geriatric-oncology-achievements-and-challenges
#4
REVIEW
Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Nienke A de Glas, Tina Hsu, Ravindran Kanesvaran, Christopher Steer, Ana Patricia Navarrete-Reyes, Nicolo Matteo Luca Battisti, Yanin Chavarri-Guerra, Anita O'Donovan, Jose Alberto Avila-Funes, Arti Hurria
The aging of the population is a global challenge. The number of older adults is rapidly growing, leading to an increase in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases associated with aging, such as cancer. Worldwide, older adults account for approximately half of all cancer cases, and this proportion is projected to increase globally. Furthermore, the majority of older adults live in less developed regions, where health systems are generally ill-equipped to provide care for complex chronic conditions. Worldwide, there is paucity of geriatric training, and most of the oncology workforce lacks the skills and knowledge to provide comprehensive care for older patients...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642017/patterns-of-care-and-temporal-trends-in-ischemic-stroke-management-a-brazilian-perspective
#5
Monique Bueno Alves, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Renata Carolina Acri Miranda, Rodrigo Meireles Massaud, Andreia Maria Heins Vaccari, Miguel Cendoroglo-Neto, Solange Diccini
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Demonstration of an improvement process of quality indicators in stroke care is essential to obtain certification as a primary stroke center (PSC). Our aim was to evaluate factors that influence temporal trends in quality indicators of ischemic stroke (IS) in a Brazilian hospital. METHODS: We evaluated patients discharged with IS from a tertiary hospital from January 2009 to December 2013. Ten predefined performance measures selected by the Get With the Guidelines-Stroke program were assessed...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641598/progress-towards-elimination-of-trans-fatty-acids-in-foods-commonly-consumed-in-four-latin-american-cities
#6
Rafael Monge-Rojas, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Enrique Jacoby, Thelma Alfaro, Maria das Graças Tavares do Carmo, Salvador Villalpando, Claudio Bernal
OBJECTIVE: To assess progress towards the elimination of trans-fatty acids (TFA) in foods after the 2008 Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) recommendation of virtual elimination of TFA in Latin America. DESIGN: A descriptive, comparative analysis of foods that were likely to contain TFA and were commonly consumed in four cities in Latin America. SETTING: San José (Costa Rica), Mexico City (Mexico), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Buenos Aires (Argentina)...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641305/incidence-of-autoimmune-myasthenia-gravis-in-a-health-maintenance-organization-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#7
Mariela Bettini, Marcelo Chaves, Edgardo Cristiano, Vanina Pagotto, Lucia Perez, Diego Giunta, Marcelo Rugiero
BACKGROUND: Different epidemiological studies, especially in Europe, have estimated the incidence density of myasthenia gravis (MG) to range between 1.7 and 21.3/1,000,000/person-year; however, data from regions such as Latin America are scarce. This study is aimed at estimating the incidence and prevalence of acquired MG in Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHODS: The study population comprised of affiliates of the Italian Hospital Medical Care Program, a prepaid health maintenance organization located in Buenos Aires...
June 23, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640565/-protection-from-exposure-to-second-hand-tobacco-smoke-in-the-canton-of-vaud-review-and-outcomes
#8
Karin Zürcher, Myriam Pasche, Léonie Chinet
At the beginning of the 2000's the dissemination of scientific evidence, public opinion shift and the example of private or public workplaces led the Latin part of Switzerland to plead for a comprehensive smoke-free ban. In the canton of Vaud, the smoke-free public places law entered into force on September 15th 2009 after a 3-year process initiated by a popular initiative. Key factors included public awareness and information actions, civil society engagement and the involvement of every stakeholder. Smoke-free public- and workplaces led to health improvements in the general population and an evolving social norm towards tobacco use...
June 7, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639802/a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-the-test-of-memory-malingering-among-latin-american-spanish-speaking-adults
#9
Alicia Nijdam-Jones, Diego Rivera, Barry Rosenfeld, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
Cognitive efforts tests, such as the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM; Tombaugh, 1997), are widely used internationally, yet there is a dearth of research that has assessed the utility of these measures in different cultures, countries, and languages. This study evaluated the specificity of the TOMM Trial 2 among a sample of 3,590 Spanish-speaking adults residing in 8 Latin American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico). Trial 2 TOMM scores were negatively associated with participants' age and positively associated with level of education...
June 22, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639238/multiple-sclerosis-in-latin-americans-genetic-aspects
#10
REVIEW
Victor M Rivera
Latin Americans (LA) are a heterogeneous, multiethnic group of individuals who inhabit the continental countries in Latin America (LATAM), Caribbean islands and constitute the largest ethnic minority in the USA. Commonly used terminology and ethno racial classifications to define these groups may not be accurate. Risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) among LA is generally low to medium but frequencies are increasing in the American hemisphere. Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) in LA show diverse variants and genetic proportions among Mestizos, the most representative ethnic population, who themselves are the product of centuries of interracial mixing between Native Americans (or Amerindians), White Caucasian Europeans, and Black Africans...
August 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639204/a-cross-national-comparison-of-risk-factors-for-teen-dating-violence-in-mexico-and-the-united-states
#11
Samantha Ludin, Jessika H Bottiani, Katrina Debnam, Mercedes Gabriela Orozco Solis, Catherine P Bradshaw
Involvement in dating violence has been linked with negative health outcomes including depressive symptomology, substance use, and later expressions of aggressing and victimizing behaviors. Less is known about the prevalence and mental health correlates of teen dating violence in countries like Mexico where adult partner violence is high. Additional research on teen dating violence is also needed, as it may be an important precursor to adult partner violence and linked to other mental health problems. The current study used self-report ratings to assess the similarities and differences in risk factors associated with dating violence among middle school students in Mexico and the United States...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638628/multiple-sclerosis-epidemiology-in-latin-america-an-updated-survey
#12
Edgardo Cristiano, Juan Ignacio Rojas
Novel epidemiological data have appeared in recent years in Latin America (LATAM). The objective of this study was to perform an updated systematic review of the epidemiology of the disease reported in LATAM. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of published epidemiological articles from January 1995 to December 2016. RESULTS: Incidence data were found in four studies and ranged from 0.3 to 3 annual cases per 100,000 person-years. Prevalence was reported in 13 studies and ranged from 0...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638627/environmental-factors-influencing-multiple-sclerosis-in-latin-america
#13
Jorge Correale, Mauricio F Farez, María Inés Gaitán
It is generally accepted that autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) arise from complex interactions between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors. Genetic variants confer predisposition to develop MS, but cannot be therapeutically modified. On the other hand, several studies have shown that different lifestyle and environmental factors influence disease development, as well as activity levels and progression. Unlike genetic risk factors, these can be modified, with potential for prevention, particularly in high-risk populations...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638626/effects-of-liposomal-curcumin-on-five-opportunistic-bacterial-strains-found-in-the-equine-hindgut-preliminary-study
#14
S D Bland, E B Venable, J L McPherson, R L Atkinson
BACKGROUND: The horse intestinal tract is sensitive and contains a highly complex microbial population. A shift in the microbial population can lead to various issues such as inflammation and colic. The use of nutraceuticals in the equine industry is on the rise and curcumin is thought to possess antimicrobial properties that may help to minimize the proliferation of opportunistic bacteria. METHODS: Four cecally-cannulated horses were utilized to determine the optimal dose of liposomal-curcumin (LIPC) on reducing Streptococcus bovis/equinus complex (SBEC), Escherichia coli K-12, Escherichia coli general, Clostridium difficile, and Clostridium perfringens in the equine hindgut without adversely affecting cecal characteristics...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638581/images-in-clinical-medicine-tophi
#15
Amr Salama, Richard Alweis
Tophi (plural of tophus, Latin for "stone") are stone-like deposits of monosodium urate in the soft tissues, synovial tissues, or in bones near the joints. They are pathognomonic for gout, the most common inflammatory arthritis in the United States, with an estimated lifetime prevalence of 4%. It is usually the end result of loss of the balance between uric acid production and excretion. It can be found anywhere in the body especially in areas of friction or trauma. It is usually painless and rarely to present as the initial manifestation of gout...
March 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638232/epidemiology-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#16
Alexandre Canon Boronat, Ana Paula Ferreira-Maia, Alicia Matijasevich, Yuan-Pang Wang
AIM: To assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children and adolescents. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched for original articles from inception to September 2016. The literature search was made in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. For inclusion, each study had to report epidemiological data on FGIDs in children between 4 and 18 years old and contain standardized outcome based on Rome II, III or IV criteria...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637795/genome-wide-association-studies-of-cancer-in-diverse-populations
#17
Sungshim L Park, Iona Cheng, Christopher A Haiman
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of cancer have identified more than 700 risk loci, of which ~80% of were first discovered in European ancestry populations, ~15% in East Asians, 3% in multiethnic scans, and less than 1% in African and Latin American populations. These percentages closely mirror the distribution of samples included in the discovery phase of cancer GWAS to date (84% European, 11% East Asian, 4% African and 1% Latin American ancestry). GWAS in non-European populations have provided insight into ancestry-specific variation in cancer and have pointed to regions of susceptibility that are of particular importance in certain populations...
June 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637649/measuring-the-distribution-of-adolescent-births-among-15-19-year-olds-in-chile-an-ecological-study
#18
Marissa Velarde, Fernando Zegers-Hochschild
BACKGROUND: Although within Latin America Chile has one of the lowest birth rates among adolescents, it has a high rate in comparison to other developed nations. AIM: To explore trends in birth rates among adolescents by selected demographics in Chile. METHODS: The national trend in birth rates was examined for women aged 15-19 years between 1992 and 2012. The birth rates for regions and communes were calculated using birth and census data and were analysed to determine its relationship to the regional or communal poverty rate, which were obtained from the Casen Survey...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637515/current-globalization-of-drug-interventional-clinical-trials-characteristics-and-associated-factors-2011-2013
#19
Sohyun Jeong, Minji Sohn, Jae Hyun Kim, Minoh Ko, Hee-Won Seo, Yun-Kyoung Song, Boyoon Choi, Nayoung Han, Han-Sung Na, Jong Gu Lee, In-Wha Kim, Jung Mi Oh, Euni Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical trial globalization is a major trend for industry-sponsored clinical trials. There has been a shift in clinical trial sites towards emerging regions of Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Our study objectives were to evaluate the current characteristics of clinical trials and to find out the associated multiple factors which could explain clinical trial globalization and its implications for clinical trial globalization in 2011-2013. METHODS: The data elements of "phase," "recruitment status," "type of sponsor," "age groups," and "design of trial" from 30 countries were extracted from the ClinicalTrials...
June 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637229/can-passage-in-galleria-mellonella-activate-virulence-factors-of-paracoccidioides-brasiliensis-as-in-the-murine-model
#20
Liliana Scorzoni, Ana Carolina Alves de Paula E Silva, Haroldo Cesar de Oliveira, Caroline Maria Marcos, Junya de Lacorte Singulani, Ana Marisa Fusco-Almeida, Maria José Soares Mendes-Giannini
Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a fungal disease restricted to Latin countries, and its etiologic agents derive from the Paracoccidioides genus. Attenuation or loss of virulence in Paracoccidioides spp. following successive subculturing has been described. However, virulence can be recovered by passage in mammalian host. In this study, the recovery of adhesion of P. brasiliensis through passage in mice was compared to that in the insect Galleria mellonella. Analysis of in vitro fungal-host cell interaction, gene expression of adhesins, and analysis of the survival curves revealed that Galleria mellonella is useful for the reactivation of P...
June 15, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
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