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journal of thoracic and cardiovascular

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856475/assessment-of-cardiovascular-remodelling-following-endovascular-aortic-repair-through-imaging-and-computation-the-core-prospective-observational-cohort-study-protocol
#1
Foeke J H Nauta, Arnoud V Kamman, El-Sayed H Ibrahim, Prachi P Agarwal, Bo Yang, Karen Kim, David M Williams, Joost A van Herwaarden, Frans L Moll, Kim A Eagle, Santi Trimarchi, Himanshu J Patel, C Alberto Figueroa
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic aortic stent grafts are orders of magnitude stiffer than the native aorta. These devices have been associated with acute hypertension, elevated pulse pressure, cardiac remodelling and reduced coronary perfusion. However, a systematic assessment of such cardiovascular effects of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is missing. The CardiOvascular Remodelling following Endovascular aortic repair (CORE) study aims to (1) quantify cardiovascular remodelling following TEVAR and compare echocardiography against MRI, the reference method; (2) validate computational modelling of cardiovascular haemodynamics following TEVAR using clinical measurements, and virtually assess the impact of more compliant stent grafts on cardiovascular haemodynamics; and (3) investigate diagnostic accuracy of ECG and serum biomarkers for cardiac remodelling compared to MRI...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572614/when-and-how-should-we-manage-thoracic-aortic-injuries-in-the-modern-era
#2
Benjamin Bottet, François Bouchard, Christophe Peillon, Jean-Marc Baste
A best evidence topic in cardiovascular surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was what are the optimum treatment modality and timing of intervention for blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) in the modern era? Of the 697 papers found using the reported search, 14 (5 meta-analyses, 2 prospective and 7 retrospective studies) represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, journal, country, date of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and weakness of these papers are tabulated...
August 29, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897642/paravertebral-block-versus-thoracic-epidural-for-patients-undergoing-thoracotomy
#3
REVIEW
Joyce H Y Yeung, Simon Gates, Babu V Naidu, Matthew J A Wilson, Fang Gao Smith
BACKGROUND: Operations on structures in the chest (usually the lungs) involve cutting between the ribs (thoracotomy). Severe post-thoracotomy pain can result from pleural (lung lining) and muscular damage, costovertebral joint (ribcage) disruption and intercostal nerve (nerves that run along the ribs) damage during surgery. Poor pain relief after surgery can impede recovery and increase the risks of developing complications such as lung collapse, chest infections and blood clots due to ineffective breathing and clearing of secretions...
February 21, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26851806/corrigendum-to-statistical-and-data-reporting-guidelines-for-the-european-journal-of-cardio-thoracic-surgery-and-the-interactive-cardiovascular-and-thoracic-surgery-eur-j-cardiothorac-surg-2015-48-180-93-%C3%A2
#4
Graeme L Hickey, Joel Dunning, Burkhardt Seifert, Gottfried Sodeck, Matthew J Carr, Hans Ulrich Burger, Friedhelm Beyersdorf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26197896/-ruptured-non-dissecting-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm
#5
Yukio Kuniyoshi
Although the operative results for non-dissecting thoracic aneurysm has been improving markedly, that of the ruptured one is still poor. Once aneurysmal rupture is occurred, a patient can almost never survive. Only few patients could arrive to an emergency hospital. It is reported that about 60% of the patients are died suddenly and the remaining 40% of the patients may undergo surgery or endovascular intervention. In the annual report in 2012 published by "Journal of General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery", the mortality rates during postoperative 30 days of the non-ruptured and the ruptured nondissecting thoracic aneurysm are 2...
July 2015: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26134620/the-hemodynamic-patterns-in-hypertensive-men-and-women-of-different-age
#6
P Krzesiński, A Stańczyk, G Gielerak, K Piotrowicz
Aging is associated with cardiovascular remodeling, which can be accelerated in arterial hypertension (AH). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between hemodynamic profile and age, as well as to identify the role of sex in hemodynamic patterns of aging in AH. The study comprised 326 patients with AH (mean age: 44.3 years). Two-dimensional echocardiography was performed to evaluate, that is, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) and ejection fraction (LVEF), and ICG to evaluate, that is, acceleration time index (ACI), velocity index (VI), total arterial compliance (TAC), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI) and thoracic fluid content (TFC)...
March 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25971435/statistical-and-data-reporting-guidelines-for-the-european-journal-of-cardio-thoracic-surgery-and-the-interactive-cardiovascular-and-thoracic-surgery
#7
EDITORIAL
Graeme L Hickey, Joel Dunning, Burkhardt Seifert, Gottfried Sodeck, Matthew J Carr, Hans Ulrich Burger, Friedhelm Beyersdorf
As part of the peer review process for the European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EJCTS) and the Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery (ICVTS), a statistician reviews any manuscript that includes a statistical analysis. To facilitate authors considering submitting a manuscript and to make it clearer about the expectations of the statistical reviewers, we present up-to-date guidelines for authors on statistical and data reporting specifically in these journals. The number of statistical methods used in the cardiothoracic literature is vast, as are the ways in which data are presented...
August 2015: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25963441/propensity-scores-methods-considerations-and-applications-in-the-journal-of-thoracic-and-cardiovascular-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Timothy L McMurry, Yinin Hu, Eugene H Blackstone, Benjamin D Kozower
OBJECTIVE: To review the published literature using propensity scoring, describe shortcomings in the use of this technique, and provide conceptual background for understanding and correctly implementing studies that use propensity matching. METHODS: We survey the published statistical literature and make recommendations for a set of standard criteria for studies that use propensity matching. We evaluated adherence to these criteria in recent publications in the Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery and determined how well the standards were applied...
July 2015: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25903165/pulse-wave-velocity-correlates-with-aortic-atherosclerosis-assessed-with-transesophageal-echocardiography
#9
C Szmigielski, G Styczyński, M Sobczyńska, A Milewska, G Placha, A Kuch-Wocial
Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a noninvasive vascular parameter that is related to cardiovascular risk. We studied the relationship between aortic PWV and aortic atherosclerosis assessed with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). The patients referred for TEE before electrical cardioversion of atrial fibrillation were included in the study. Maximal intima-media thickness (IMT) including maximal atherosclerotic plaque thickness of the descending thoracic aorta was measured on TEE images. PWV was measured in those patients who had the sinus rhythm restored...
February 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25527010/multiple-arterial-grafting
#10
EDITORIAL
Philip A Hayward, Brian F Buxton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25527009/outcomes-of-arterial-revascularization
#11
EDITORIAL
Saswata Deb, Stephen E Fremes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25184612/60-and-counting-the-history-of-the-thoracic-and-cardiovascular-surgeon
#12
Markus K Heinemann, Marian Tolksdorf
The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon was founded as a scientific journal in 1953, making it one of the oldest publications in this specialty. Bearing the original title Thoraxchirurgie, its first language of publication was German. Although the primary focus lay on thoracic surgery, the concomitantly developing specialty cardiac surgery was also well represented from the start, finally taking over the lead in submissions. After having changed its name to Thoraxchirurgie, Vaskuläre Chirurgie in 1963, it became the official journal of the German Society for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery in 1973...
December 2014: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25144213/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-establishing-a-comprehensive-program-model-for-hybrid-cardiac-catheterization-laboratories-in-the-department-of-veterans-affairs
#13
Bernadette Speiser, Cynthia Dutra-Brice
Aortic valve disease, especially aortic stenosis, becomes progressively debilitating and carries a high mortality risk if it is categorized as severe and symptomatic (J Thorac Cardiovas Surg. 2012;144(3):e29-e84). In the past, the only treatment for aortic stenosis was surgical aortic valve replacement. Surgical treatment may require several hours of cardioplegia, and if the patient has comorbidities, such as renal failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, their operative mortality percentage increases...
September 2014: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24678937/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-with-a-self-expanding-prosthesis
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
David H Adams, Jeffrey J Popma, Michael J Reardon, Steven J Yakubov, Joseph S Coselli, G Michael Deeb, Thomas G Gleason, Maurice Buchbinder, James Hermiller, Neal S Kleiman, Stan Chetcuti, John Heiser, William Merhi, George Zorn, Peter Tadros, Newell Robinson, George Petrossian, G Chad Hughes, J Kevin Harrison, John Conte, Brijeshwar Maini, Mubashir Mumtaz, Sharla Chenoweth, Jae K Oh
BACKGROUND: We compared transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVR), using a self-expanding transcatheter aortic-valve bioprosthesis, with surgical aortic-valve replacement in patients with severe aortic stenosis and an increased risk of death during surgery. METHODS: We recruited patients with severe aortic stenosis who were at increased surgical risk as determined by the heart team at each study center. Risk assessment included the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Predictor Risk of Mortality estimate and consideration of other key risk factors...
May 8, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24597333/-japan-cardiovascular-surgery-database-past-and-future
#15
Noboru Motomura
The Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD) was established in 2000 to contribute to quality improvement in cardiovascular surgery nationwide. Data are entered via the Internet, and variables were imported from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database of North America. At present, the number of participating hospitals exceeds 500, and the cumulative number of data entries exceeds 220,000. In 2008, a risk model was created from this large database, and a risk calculator, JapanSCORE, was launched...
January 2014: Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24554288/aortic-counterpulsation-c-pulse-and-other-devices-for-cardiac-support
#16
REVIEW
Pallavi Solanki
Heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization in the USA. Despite major advances in the medical and device-related therapy including chronic resynchronization therapy for management of heart failure, significant number of patients eventually require advanced cardiac therapy including mechanical circulatory support or heart transplant. Heart transplant is a gold standard for end-stage heart failure but is limited by the donor heart shortage creating a definite need for alternative effective therapies...
April 2014: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24027097/interventions-for-protecting-renal-function-in-the-perioperative-period
#17
REVIEW
Mathew Zacharias, Mohan Mugawar, G Peter Herbison, Robert J Walker, Karen Hovhannisyan, Pal Sivalingam, Niamh P Conlon
BACKGROUND: Various methods have been used to try to protect kidney function in patients undergoing surgery. These most often include pharmacological interventions such as dopamine and its analogues, diuretics, calcium channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), sodium bicarbonate, antioxidants and erythropoietin (EPO). OBJECTIVES: This review is aimed at determining the effectiveness of various measures advocated to protect patients' kidneys during the perioperative period...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23699100/the-endobronchial-metastasis-of-hcc-detected-by-increased-afp-in-bronchial-fluid
#18
Jiyoung Park, Hongmo Kang, Jee-Hong Yoo, Myungjae Park, Cheonwoong Choi, Yeehyung Kim
SESSION TYPE: Cancer Global Case Report PostersPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: The endobronchial metastasis of HCC is known to be relatively rare. Serum AFP(alpha-fetoprotein) is tumor marker that used for diagnosis and for response assessment of treatment. But there is not a known study about increased AFP in body fluid except for amniotic fluid and serum.CASE PRESENTATION: A 63 year old man was diagnosed with HCC in 2008, so he was treated with radiofrequency ablation(RFA) twice and trans-arterial chemo-embolization(TACE) three times...
October 1, 2012: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23699015/spontaneous-pneumothorax-after-partial-resolution-of-total-bronchial-obstruction-following-chemoradiotherapy-for-small-cell-carcinoma
#19
Praveen Jinnur, Viswanath Vasudevan, Farhad Arjomand, Rana Ali, Tarkeshwar Tiwary, Vijaykumar Vanam, Abbas Qammar
SESSION TYPE: Cancer Case Report Posters IPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Cancer-related pneumothorax is a rare complication of pneumothorax and most are reported in lung metastasis. It is very rarely seen in those with a primary lung carcinoma. We present a case of endobronchial small cell carcinoma of the lung with bronchial occlusion and lung atelectasis who developed pneumothorax following chemoradiation. She responded well to chest tube placement with complete lung expansion and spontaneous resolution of air leak...
October 1, 2012: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23698879/left-ventricular-air-embolism-following-computerized-tomography-guided-lung-biopsy-successfully-treated-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy
#20
Pratik Dalal, Divyashree Varma
SESSION TYPE: Cardiovascular Student/Resident Case Report Posters IPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Systemic air embolism has been estimated to have an incidence of 0.02 to 0.07%, though it now seems that it might be more common than this number, mostly because of under-diagnosis secondary to asymptomatic cases incidentally found on follow up imaging studies. Venous versus arterial or right versus left sided air embolization depends on the site of infiltration of air and the presence of an intra cardiac shunt allowing the passage of air from the venous circulation to the arterial side, which may result in more catastrophic events...
October 1, 2012: Chest
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