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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457717/f-type-bacteriocins-of-listeria-monocytogenes-a-new-class-of-phage-tail-like-structures-reveals-broad-parallel-coevolution-between-tailed-bacteriophages-and-high-molecular-weight-bacteriocins
#1
Grace Lee, Urmi Chakraborty, Dana Gebhart, Gregory R Govoni, Z Hong Zhou, Dean Scholl
UNLABELLED: Listeria monocytogenes is a significant foodborne human pathogen that can cause severe disease in certain high-risk individuals. L. monocytogenes is known to produce high-molecular-weight, phage tail-like bacteriocins, or "monocins," upon induction of the SOS system. In this work, we purified and characterized monocins and found them to be a new class of F-type bacteriocins. The L. monocytogenes monocin genetic locus was cloned and expressed in Bacillus subtilis, producing specifically targeted bactericidal particles...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444885/efficacy-of-species-specific-protein-antibiotics-in-a-murine-model-of-acute-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-lung-infection
#2
Laura C McCaughey, Neil D Ritchie, Gillian R Douce, Thomas J Evans, Daniel Walker
Protein antibiotics, known as bacteriocins, are widely produced by bacteria for intraspecies competition. The potency and targeted action of bacteriocins suggests that they could be developed into clinically useful antibiotics against highly drug resistant Gram-negative pathogens for which there are few therapeutic options. Here we show that Pseudomonas aeruginosa specific bacteriocins, known as pyocins, show strong efficacy in a murine model of P. aeruginosa lung infection, with the concentration of pyocin S5 required to afford protection from a lethal infection at least 100-fold lower than the most commonly used inhaled antibiotic tobramycin...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402794/structural-and-biophysical-analysis-of-nuclease-protein-antibiotics
#3
Alexander Klein, Justyna Aleksandra Wojdyla, Amar Joshi, Inokentijs Josts, Laura C McCaughey, Nicholas G Housden, Renata Kaminska, Olwyn Byron, Daniel Walker, Colin Kleanthous
Protein antibiotics (bacteriocins) are a large and diverse family of multidomain toxins that kill specific Gram-negative bacteria during intraspecies competition for resources. Our understanding of the mechanism of import of such potent toxins has increased significantly in recent years, especially with the reporting of several structures of bacteriocin domains. Less well understood is the structural biochemistry of intact bacteriocins and how these compare across bacterial species. Here, we focus on endonuclease (DNase) bacteriocins that target the genomes of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, known as E-type colicins and S-type pyocins, respectively, bound to their specific immunity (Im) proteins...
September 15, 2016: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252387/discovery-characterization-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-activity-of-pyocin-sd2-a-protein-antibiotic-from-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#4
Laura C McCaughey, Inokentijs Josts, Rhys Grinter, Paul White, Olwyn Byron, Nicholas P Tucker, Jacqueline M Matthews, Colin Kleanthous, Cynthia B Whitchurch, Daniel Walker
Increasing rates of antibiotic resistance among Gram-negative pathogens such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa means alternative approaches to antibiotic development are urgently required. Pyocins, produced by P. aeruginosa for intraspecies competition, are highly potent protein antibiotics known to actively translocate across the outer membrane of P. aeruginosa. Understanding and exploiting the mechanisms by which pyocins target, penetrate and kill P. aeruginosa is a promising approach to antibiotic development. In this work we show the therapeutic potential of a newly identified tRNase pyocin, pyocin SD2, by demonstrating its activity in vivo in a murine model of P...
August 1, 2016: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193680/structure-of-the-t4-baseplate-and-its-function-in-triggering-sheath-contraction
#5
Nicholas M I Taylor, Nikolai S Prokhorov, Ricardo C Guerrero-Ferreira, Mikhail M Shneider, Christopher Browning, Kenneth N Goldie, Henning Stahlberg, Petr G Leiman
Several systems, including contractile tail bacteriophages, the type VI secretion system and R-type pyocins, use a multiprotein tubular apparatus to attach to and penetrate host cell membranes. This macromolecular machine resembles a stretched, coiled spring (or sheath) wound around a rigid tube with a spike-shaped protein at its tip. A baseplate structure, which is arguably the most complex part of this assembly, relays the contraction signal to the sheath. Here we present the atomic structure of the approximately 6-megadalton bacteriophage T4 baseplate in its pre- and post-host attachment states and explain the events that lead to sheath contraction in atomic detail...
May 19, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119970/pyomelanin-producing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-selected-during-chronic-infections-have-a-large-chromosomal-deletion-which-confers-resistance-to-pyocins
#6
Didier Hocquet, Marie Petitjean, Laurence Rohmer, Benoît Valot, Hemantha D Kulasekara, Elodie Bedel, Xavier Bertrand, Patrick Plésiat, Thilo Köhler, Alix Pantel, Michael Jacobs, Lucas R Hoffman, Samuel I Miller
When bacterial lineages make the transition from free-living to permanent association with hosts, they can undergo massive gene losses, for which the selective forces within host tissues are unknown. We identified here melanogenic clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with large chromosomal deletions (66 to 270 kbp) and characterized them to investigate how they were selected. When compared to their wild-type parents, melanogenic mutants (i) exhibited a lower fitness in growth conditions found in human tissues, such as hyperosmolarity and presence of aminoglycoside antibiotics, (ii) narrowed their metabolic spectrum with a growth disadvantage with particular carbon sources, including aromatic amino acids and acyclic terpenes, suggesting a reduction of metabolic flexibility...
April 27, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27075392/explosive-cell-lysis-as-a-mechanism-for-the-biogenesis-of-bacterial-membrane-vesicles-and-biofilms
#7
Lynne Turnbull, Masanori Toyofuku, Amelia L Hynen, Masaharu Kurosawa, Gabriella Pessi, Nicola K Petty, Sarah R Osvath, Gerardo Cárcamo-Oyarce, Erin S Gloag, Raz Shimoni, Ulrich Omasits, Satoshi Ito, Xinhui Yap, Leigh G Monahan, Rosalia Cavaliere, Christian H Ahrens, Ian G Charles, Nobuhiko Nomura, Leo Eberl, Cynthia B Whitchurch
Many bacteria produce extracellular and surface-associated components such as membrane vesicles (MVs), extracellular DNA and moonlighting cytosolic proteins for which the biogenesis and export pathways are not fully understood. Here we show that the explosive cell lysis of a sub-population of cells accounts for the liberation of cytosolic content in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Super-resolution microscopy reveals that explosive cell lysis also produces shattered membrane fragments that rapidly form MVs...
2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26905630/iron-availability-shapes-the-evolution-of-bacteriocin-resistance-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#8
R Fredrik Inglis, Pauline Scanlan, Angus Buckling
The evolution of bacterial resistance to conventional antimicrobials is a widely documented phenomenon with gravely important consequences for public health. However, bacteria also produce a vast repertoire of natural antimicrobials, presumably in order to kill competing species. Bacteriocins are a common class of protein-based antimicrobials that have been shown to have an important role in the ecology and evolution of bacterial communities. Relative to the evolution of antibiotic resistance, little is known about how novel resistance to these toxic compounds evolves...
August 2016: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26860427/identification-and-functional-analysis-of-a-bacteriocin-pyocin-s6-with-ribonuclease-activity-from-a-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-cystic-fibrosis-clinical-isolate
#9
Jozef Dingemans, Maarten G K Ghequire, Michael Craggs, René De Mot, Pierre Cornelis
S-type pyocins are bacteriocins produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates to antagonize or kill other strains of the same species. They have a modular organization comprising a receptor-binding domain recognizing a surface constituent of the target bacterium, a domain for translocation through the periplasm, and a killing or toxic domain with DNase, tRNase, or pore-forming activity. Pyocins S2, S3, S4, and S5 recognize TonB-dependent ferri-siderophore receptors in the outer membrane. We here describe a new nuclease bacteriocin, pyocin S6, encoded in the genome of a P...
June 2016: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26812402/the-phenazine-2-hydroxy-phenazine-1-carboxylic-acid-promotes-extracellular-dna-release-and-has-broad-transcriptomic-consequences-in-pseudomonas-chlororaphis-30-84
#10
Dongping Wang, Jun Myoung Yu, Robert J Dorosky, Leland S Pierson, Elizabeth A Pierson
Enhanced production of 2-hydroxy-phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (2-OH-PCA) by the biological control strain Pseudomonas chlororaphis 30-84 derivative 30-84O* was shown previously to promote cell adhesion and alter the three-dimensional structure of surface-attached biofilms compared to the wild type. The current study demonstrates that production of 2-OH-PCA promotes the release of extracellular DNA, which is correlated with the production of structured biofilm matrix. Moreover, the essential role of the extracellular DNA in maintaining the mass and structure of the 30-84 biofilm matrix is demonstrated...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26708985/a-ptsp-deficiency-in-pgpr-pseudomonas-fluorescens-sf39a-affects-bacteriocin-production-and-bacterial-fitness-in-the-wheat-rhizosphere
#11
Agustina Godino, Analía Príncipe, Sonia Fischer
Pseudomonas fluorescens SF39a is a plant-growth-promoting bacterium isolated from wheat rhizosphere. In this report, we demonstrate that this native strain secretes bacteriocins that inhibit growth of phytopathogenic strains of the genera Pseudomonas and Xanthomonas. An S-type pyocin gene was detected in the genome of strain SF39a and named pys. A non-polar pys::Km mutant was constructed. The bacteriocin production was impaired in this mutant. To identify genes involved in bacteriocin regulation, random transposon mutagenesis was carried out...
April 2016: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691474/biophysicochemical-characterization-of-pyocin-sa189-produced-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-sa189
#12
Sehar Afshan Naz, Nusrat Jabeen, Muhammad Sohail, Sheikh Ajaz Rasool
Pseudomonas aeruginosa, in spite of being a ubiquitous organism (as it is found in soil, water, and humans), is also an opportunistic pathogen. In order to maintain its diversity in the community, it produces various toxic proteins, known as, bacteriocins. In the present study, pyocin SA189, which is a bacteriocin produced by P. aeruginosa SA189 (isolated from a clinical sample) was characterized. P. aeruginosa SA189, as identified by the conventional and 16S rRNA gene amplification, produced pyocin SA189 of molecular weight of 66 k Da...
October 2015: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26616387/human-granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-enhances-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-persister-cells
#13
Geetika S Choudhary, Xiangyu Yao, Jing Wang, Bo Peng, Rebecca A Bader, Dacheng Ren
Bacterial persister cells are highly tolerant to antibiotics and cause chronic infections. However, little is known about the interaction between host immune systems with this subpopulation of metabolically inactive cells, and direct effects of host immune factors (in the absence of immune cells) on persister cells have not been studied. Here we report that human granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) can sensitize the persister cells of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and PDO300 to multiple antibiotics including ciprofloxacin, tobramycin, tetracycline, and gentamicin...
November 30, 2015: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26461119/sensitizing-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-to-antibiotics-by-electrochemical-disruption-of-membrane-functions
#14
Tagbo H R Niepa, Laura M Snepenger, Hao Wang, Shiril Sivan, Jeremy L Gilbert, Marcus B Jones, Dacheng Ren
Recently, we reported synergistic effects between 70 μA/cm(2) direct current and tobramycin in killing Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 persister cells, a phenomenon we named electrochemical control of persister cells (ECCP; Niepa et al. Biomaterials 33: 7356-7365, 2012). To understand the mechanism of ECCP, the effects of electrochemical treatments mediated via stainless steel 304 and carbon electrodes on P. aeruginosa PAO1 were systematically compared using complementary approaches in this study. Electron microscopic analysis revealed that μA/cm(2) level direct current (DC) caused substantial changes in the structure and membrane integrity of P...
January 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26370934/type-vi-secretion-system-secretion-by-a-contractile-nanomachine
#15
REVIEW
Marek Basler
The type VI secretion systems (T6SS) are present in about a quarter of all Gram-negative bacteria. Several key components of T6SS are evolutionarily related to components of contractile nanomachines such as phages and R-type pyocins. The T6SS assembly is initiated by formation of a membrane complex that binds a phage-like baseplate with a sharp spike, and this is followed by polymerization of a long rigid inner tube and an outer contractile sheath. Effectors are preloaded onto the spike or into the tube during the assembly by various mechanisms...
October 5, 2015: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26311664/bacteriocin-mediated-competition-in-cystic-fibrosis-lung-infections
#16
Melanie Ghoul, Stuart A West, Helle Krogh Johansen, Søren Molin, Odile B Harrison, Martin C J Maiden, Lars Jelsbak, John B Bruce, Ashleigh S Griffin
Bacteriocins are toxins produced by bacteria to kill competitors of the same species. Theory and laboratory experiments suggest that bacteriocin production and immunity play a key role in the competitive dynamics of bacterial strains. The extent to which this is the case in natural populations,especially human pathogens, remains to be tested. We examined the role of bacteriocins in competition using Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains infecting lungs of humans with cystic fibrosis (CF). We assessed the ability of different strains to kill each other using phenotypic assays, and sequenced their genomes to determine what bacteriocins (pyocins) they carry...
September 7, 2015: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265717/independent-co-option-of-a-tailed-bacteriophage-into-a-killing-complex-in-pseudomonas
#17
Kevin L Hockett, Tanya Renner, David A Baltrus
UNLABELLED: Competition between microbes is widespread in nature, especially among those that are closely related. To combat competitors, bacteria have evolved numerous protein-based systems (bacteriocins) that kill strains closely related to the producer. In characterizing the bacteriocin complement and killing spectra for the model strain Pseudomonas syringae B728a, we discovered that its activity was not linked to any predicted bacteriocin but is derived from a prophage. Instead of encoding an active prophage, this region encodes a bacteriophage-derived bacteriocin, termed an R-type syringacin...
2015: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26215615/structures-of-the-ultra-high-affinity-protein-protein-complexes-of-pyocins-s2-and-ap41-and-their-cognate-immunity-proteins-from-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#18
Amar Joshi, Rhys Grinter, Inokentijs Josts, Sabrina Chen, Justyna A Wojdyla, Edward D Lowe, Renata Kaminska, Connor Sharp, Laura McCaughey, Aleksander W Roszak, Richard J Cogdell, Olwyn Byron, Daniel Walker, Colin Kleanthous
How ultra-high-affinity protein-protein interactions retain high specificity is still poorly understood. The interaction between colicin DNase domains and their inhibitory immunity (Im) proteins is an ultra-high-affinity interaction that is essential for the neutralisation of endogenous DNase catalytic activity and for protection against exogenous DNase bacteriocins. The colicin DNase-Im interaction is a model system for the study of high-affinity protein-protein interactions. However, despite the fact that closely related colicin-like bacteriocins are widely produced by Gram-negative bacteria, this interaction has only been studied using colicins from Escherichia coli...
August 28, 2015: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26158271/biofilm-formation-as-a-response-to-ecological-competition
#19
Nuno M Oliveira, Nuno M Oliveria, Esteban Martinez-Garcia, Joao Xavier, William M Durham, Roberto Kolter, Wook Kim, Kevin R Foster
Bacteria form dense surface-associated communities known as biofilms that are central to their persistence and how they affect us. Biofilm formation is commonly viewed as a cooperative enterprise, where strains and species work together for a common goal. Here we explore an alternative model: biofilm formation is a response to ecological competition. We co-cultured a diverse collection of natural isolates of the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa and studied the effect on biofilm formation. We show that strain mixing reliably increases biofilm formation compared to unmixed conditions...
July 2015: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26078447/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-found-in-the-miga-and-wbpx-glycosyltransferase-genes-account-for-the-intrinsic-lipopolysaccharide-defects-exhibited-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pa14
#20
Youai Hao, Kathleen Murphy, Reggie Y Lo, Cezar M Khursigara, Joseph S Lam
UNLABELLED: Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA14 is widely used by researchers in many laboratories because of its enhanced virulence over strain PAO1 in a wide range of hosts. Although lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is an important virulence factor of all P. aeruginosa strains, the LPS of PA14 has not been characterized fully. A recent study showed that the structure of its O-specific antigen (OSA) belongs to serotype O19. We found that the OSA gene cluster of PA14 shares ∼99% identity with those of the O10/O19 group...
September 2015: Journal of Bacteriology
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