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Jun Sub Park, Hyun Lee, Bo Woon Choi, Seonggu Ro, Doyoung Lee, Jeong Eun Na, Jeoung-Ho Hong, Jae-Seon Lee, Bong-Woo Kim, Young-Gyu Ko
Mitsugumin 53 (MG53) is an E3 ligase that induces insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) ubiquitination and degradation in skeletal muscle. We previously demonstrated that the pharmaceutical disruption of the MG53-IRS-1 interaction improves insulin sensitivity by abrogating IRS-1 ubiquitination and increasing IRS-1 levels in C2C12 myotubes. Here, we developed a novel MG53-IRS-1 interaction disruptor (MID-00935) that ameliorates insulin resistance in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. MID-00935 disrupted the molecular interaction of MG53 and IRS-1, abrogated MG53-induced IRS-1 ubiquitination and degradation and improved insulin signaling in C2C12 myotubes...
June 6, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Zihui Deng, Huiyan Xu, Jinying Zhang, Chen Yang, Liyuan Jin, Jiejie Liu, Haijing Song, Guanghui Chen, Weidong Han, Yiling Si
It is widely accepted that infusion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) ameliorates hyperglycemia by alleviating insulin resistance in rats with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). However, the detailed underlying mechanisms are not clearly defined. Mitsugumin 53 (MG53) is an E3 ligase that has recently been implicated in the aggravation of insulin resistance by promoting the ubiquitinoylation of insulin receptor substrate‑1 (IRS‑1) in skeletal muscles. It was therefore hypothesized that MG53 may be involved in MSC‑mediated therapeutic effects on insulin resistance...
June 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jingwen Guo, Fengpeng Jia, Yingjiu Jiang, Qiang Li, Yucheng Yang, Minghan Xiao, Hua Xiao
Atrial fibrosis plays a critical role in atrial fibrillation (AF) by the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1/Smad pathway. The disordered differentiation, proliferation, migration and collagen deposition of atrial fibroblasts play significant roles in atrial fibrosis. Mitsugumin (MG)53 is predominantly expressed in myocardium of rodents and has multiple biological functions. However, the role of MG53 in cardiac fibrosis remains unclear. This study provided clinical and experimental evidence for the involvement of MG53 in atrial fibrosis in humans and atrial fibrosis phenotype in cultured rat atrial fibroblasts...
January 15, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Xinli Hu, Rui-Ping Xiao
MG53 is a member of tripartite motif family (TRIM) that expressed most abundantly in striated muscle. Using rodent models, many studies have demonstrated the MG53 not only facilitates membrane repair after ischemia reperfusion injury, but also contributes to the protective effects of both pre- and post-conditioning. Recently, however, it has been shown that MG53 participates in the regulation of many metabolic processes, especially insulin signaling pathway. Thus, sustained overexpression of MG53 may contribute to the development of various metabolic disorders in striated muscle...
May 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Caimei Zhang, Biyi Chen, Yihui Wang, Ang Guo, Yiqun Tang, Tahsin Khataei, Yun Shi, William J Kutschke, Kathy Zimmerman, Robert M Weiss, Jie Liu, Christopher J Benson, Jiang Hong, Jianjie Ma, Long-Sheng Song
The cardiac transverse (T)-tubule membrane system is the safeguard for cardiac function and undergoes dramatic remodeling in response to cardiac stress. However, the mechanism by which cardiomyocytes repair damaged T-tubule network remains unclear. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that MG53, a muscle-specific membrane repair protein, antagonizes T-tubule damage to protect against maladaptive remodeling and thereby loss of excitation-contraction coupling and cardiac function. Using MG53-knockout (MG53-KO) mice, we first established that deficiency of MG53 had no impact on maturation of the T-tubule network in developing hearts...
November 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Liubov V Gushchina, Sayak Bhattacharya, Kevin E McElhanon, Jin Hyuk Choi, Heather Manring, Eric X Beck, Jenna Alloush, Noah Weisleder
Limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 2B (LGMD2B) and other dysferlinopathies are degenerative muscle diseases that result from mutations in the dysferlin gene and have limited treatment options. The dysferlin protein has been linked to multiple cellular functions including a Ca(2+)-dependent membrane repair process that reseals disruptions in the sarcolemmal membrane. Recombinant human MG53 protein (rhMG53) can increase the membrane repair process in multiple cell types both in vitro and in vivo. Here, we tested whether rhMG53 protein can improve membrane repair in a dysferlin-deficient mouse model of LGMD2B (B6...
October 4, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
Mi Li, Haichang Li, Xiangguang Li, Hua Zhu, Zihui Xu, Lianqing Liu, Jianjie Ma, Mingjun Zhang
Biopolymeric hydrogels have drawn increasing research interest in biomaterials due to their tunable physical and chemical properties for both creating bioactive cellular microenvironment and serving as sustainable therapeutic reagents. Inspired by a naturally occurring hydrogel secreted from the carnivorous Sundew plant for trapping insects, here we have developed a bioinspired hydrogel to deliver mitsugumin 53 (MG53), an important protein in cell membrane repair, for chronic wound healing. Both chemical compositions and micro-/nanomorphological properties inherent from the natural Sundew hydrogel were mimicked using sodium alginate and gum arabic with calcium ion-mediated cross-linking...
July 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yasuhiro Ichikawa, Alice E Zemljic-Harpf, Zheng Zhang, M Dan McKirnan, Ana Maria Manso, Robert S Ross, H Kirk Hammond, Hemal H Patel, David M Roth
Anthracyclines are chemotherapeutic drugs known to induce heart failure in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanisms involved in anthracycline cardiotoxicity are an area of relevant investigation. Caveolins bind, organize and regulate receptors and signaling molecules within cell membranes. Caveolin-3 (Cav-3), integrins and related membrane repair proteins can function as cardioprotective proteins. Expression of these proteins in anthracycline-induced heart failure has not been evaluated. We tested the hypothesis that daunorubicin alters cardioprotective protein expression in the heart...
2017: PloS One
Yan Zhang, Hong-Kun Wu, Fengxiang Lv, Rui-Ping Xiao
MG53 (also known as tripartite motif, TRIM72) is a cardiac and skeletal muscle-specific TRIM-family protein that exhibits multiple biologic functions. First, MG53 participates in plasma membrane repair of the heart, skeletal muscle, and, other tissues. Second, MG53 is essentially involved in the cardioprotection of cardiac ischemic, preconditioning, and postconditioning by activating the PI3K-Akt-GSK3β and ERK1/2 survival signaling pathways. Moreover, systemic delivery of recombinant MG53 protein ameliorates the impact of a range of injury insults on the heart, skeletal muscle, lung, kidney, skin, and brain...
September 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
Weifeng Yao, Haobo Li, Xue Han, Chaojin Chen, Yihan Zhang, Wai Lydia Tai, Zhengyuan Xia, Ziqing Hei
Hepatic ischaemia/reperfusion (HIR) induces severe damage on hepatocyte cell membrane, which leads to hepatocyte death and the subsequent HIR injury. In this study, we investigated the role and the mechanism of mitsugumin-53 (MG53), a novel cell membrane repair protein, in protecting the liver against HIR injury. Rats were subjected to sham operation or 70% warm HIR with or without recombined MG53 (rhMG53), caudal vein-injected 2 hrs before inducing HIR. In vitro, cultured hepatocyte AML12 cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in the presence of rhMG53 and/or dysferlin gene shRNAs or adenovirus transfection...
October 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Hyun Lee, Jung-Jin Park, Nga Nguyen, Jun Sub Park, Jin Hong, Seung-Hyeob Kim, Woon Young Song, Hak Joong Kim, Kwangman Choi, Sungchan Cho, Jae-Seon Lee, Bong-Woo Kim, Young-Gyu Ko
Mitsugumin 53 (MG53) is an E3 ligase that interacts with and ubiquitinates insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) in skeletal muscle; thus, an MG53-IRS-1 interaction disruptor (MID), which potentially sensitizes insulin signaling with an elevated level of IRS-1 in skeletal muscle, is an excellent candidate for treating insulin resistance. To screen for an MID, we developed a bimolecular luminescence complementation system using an N-terminal luciferase fragment fused with IRS-1 and a C-terminal luciferase fragment fused with an MG53 C14A mutant that binds to IRS-1 but does not have E3 ligase activity...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Lei-Lei Ma, Fei-Juan Kong, Jun-Jie Guo, Jian-Bing Zhu, Hong-Tao Shi, Yang Li, Ren-Hua Sun, Jun-Bo Ge
Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is one of the most powerful intrinsic cardioprotective strategies discovered so far and experimental data indicate that comorbidity may interfere with the protection by RIPC. Therefore, we investigate whether RIPC-induced cardioprotection was intact in hypercholesterolemic rat hearts exposed to ischemia reperfusion in vivo. Normal or hypercholesterolemic rat hearts were exposed to 30 min of ischemia and 2 h of reperfusion, with or without RIPC, PI3K inhibitor wortmannin, MEK-ERK1/2 inhibitor PD98059, GSK3β inhibitor SB216763...
March 2017: Shock
Yan Zhang, Hong-Kun Wu, Feng-Xiang Lv, Rui-Ping Xiao
Mitsugumin 53 (MG53), also named Trim72, is a multi-functional TRIM-family protein, which is abundantly expressed in cardiac and skeletal muscle. It has been shown that MG53 not only plays important physiological roles but also acts as a crucial pathogenic factor of various diseases. First, MG53 preserves cardiac and skeletal muscle integrity via facilitating plasma membrane repair. Second, MG53 is essentially involved in cardiac ischemic preconditioning and postconditioning by activating PI3K-Akt-GSK3β and ERK1/2 cell survival signaling pathways...
August 25, 2016: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
Chao Wang, Hongyu Wang, Dan Wu, Jianhong Hu, Wei Wu, Yong Zhang, Xi Peng
Myopathy is a common complication of severe burn patients. One potential cause of this myopathy could be failure of the plasma membrane to undergo repair following injuries generated from toxin or exercise. The aim of this study is to assess systemic effect on muscle membrane repair deficiency in burn injury. Skeletal muscle fibers isolated from burn-injured mice were damaged with a UV laser and dye influx imaged confocally to evaluate membrane repair capacity. Membrane repair failure was also tested in burn-injured mice subjected to myotoxin or treadmill exercise...
August 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jeffrey M Hord, Rachel Botchlett, John M Lawler
Age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, referred to as sarcopenia, is mitigated by lifelong calorie restriction as well as exercise. In aged skeletal muscle fibers there is compromised integrity of the cell membrane that may contribute to sarcopenia. The purpose of this study was to determine if lifelong mild (8%) caloric restriction (CR) and lifelong CR+voluntary wheel running (WR) could ameliorate disruption of membrane scaffolding and signaling proteins during the aging process, thus maintaining a favorable, healthy membrane environment in plantaris muscle fibers...
October 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Alexis R Demonbreun, Mattia Quattrocelli, David Y Barefield, Madison V Allen, Kaitlin E Swanson, Elizabeth M McNally
Disruption of the plasma membrane often accompanies cellular injury, and in muscle, plasma membrane resealing is essential for efficient recovery from injury. Muscle contraction, especially of lengthened muscle, disrupts the sarcolemma. To define the molecular machinery that directs repair, we applied laser wounding to live mammalian myofibers and assessed translocation of fluorescently tagged proteins using high-resolution microscopy. Within seconds of membrane disruption, annexins A1, A2, A5, and A6 formed a tight repair "cap...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Cell Biology
Tao Tan, Young-Gyu Ko, Jianjie Ma
MG53 is a member of the TRIM-family protein that acts as a key component of the cell membrane repair machinery. MG53 is also an E3-ligase that ubiquinates insulin receptor substrate-1 and controls insulin signaling in skeletal muscle cells. Since its discovery in 2009, research efforts have been devoted to translate this basic discovery into clinical applications in human degenerative and metabolic diseases. This review article highlights the dual function of MG53 in cell membrane repair and insulin signaling, the mechanism that underlies the control of MG53 function, and the therapeutic value of targeting MG53 function in regenerative medicine...
August 2016: BMB Reports
Jin Hong, Jun-Sub Park, Hyun Lee, Jaemin Jeong, Hye Hyeon Yun, Hye Yun Kim, Young-Gyu Ko, Jeong-Hwa Lee
BCL-2 interacting cell death suppressor (BIS), which is ubiquitously expressed, has important roles in various cellular processes, such as apoptosis, the cellular stress response, migration and invasion and protein quality control. In particular, BIS is highly expressed in skeletal and cardiac muscles, and BIS gene mutations result in human myopathy. In this study, we show that mRNA and protein levels of BIS were markedly increased during skeletal myogenesis in C2C12 cells and mouse satellite cells. BIS knockdown did not prevent the early stage of skeletal myogenesis, but did induce muscle atrophy and a decrease in the diameter of myotubes...
April 1, 2016: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Jianquan Zhao, Han Lei
BACKGROUND: The proliferation and migration of cardiac fibroblasts are critical for the progress of cardiac fibrosis. Tripartite motif protein 72 (Trim72), also known as MG53, mediates the dynamic process of membrane fusion and exocytosis in striated muscle. However, the role of Trim72 in the proliferation and migration of cardiac fibroblasts is unknown. METHODS: In the present study, we used small interference RNA (siRNA) to silence Trim72 and then investigated the effects of Trim72 on cardiac fibroblast proliferation and migration, which were activated during cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction...
2016: Cardiology
Yonggang Yao, Bo Zhang, Hua Zhu, Haichang Li, Yu Han, Ken Chen, Zhen Wang, Jing Zeng, Yukai Liu, Xinquan Wang, Yu Li, Duofen He, Peihui Lin, Xinyu Zhou, Ki Ho Park, Zehua Bian, Zhishui Chen, Nianqiao Gong, Tao Tan, Jingsong Zhou, Meng Zhang, Jianjie Ma, Chunyu Zeng
Ischemic injury to neurons represents the underlying cause of stroke to the brain. Our previous studies identified MG53 as an essential component of the cell membrane repair machinery. Here we show that the recombinant human (rh)MG53 protein facilitates repair of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury to the brain. MG53 rapidly moves to acute injury sites on neuronal cells to form a membrane repair patch. IR-induced brain injury increases permeability of the blood-brain-barrier, providing access of MG53 from blood circulation to target the injured brain tissues...
April 19, 2016: Oncotarget
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